An Interactive Annotated World Bibliography of Printed and Digital Works in the History of Medicine and the Life Sciences from Circa 2000 BCE to Circa 2020 by Fielding H. Garrison (1870-1935), Leslie T. Morton (1907-2004), and Jeremy M. Norman (1945- ) Traditionally Known as “Garrison-Morton”

15422 entries, 13278 authors and 1897 subjects. Updated: October 15, 2021

Browse by Publication Year 1940–1949

598 entries
  • 4661

Virus filtrant pathogène pour l’homme et les animaux de laboratoire, et à affinité meningée et pulmonaire.

Arch. Inst. Pasteur Tunis, 29, 179-227, 1940.

“Durand’s disease” – D virus infection. Durand isolated the virus from his own blood. See also the paper by G. M. Findlay, Trans. roy. Soc. trop. Med., 1942, 35, 303-18.



Subjects: COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › Tunisia, NEUROLOGY › Inflammatory Conditions, VIROLOGY
  • 4661.1

Studies of a murine strain of poliomyelitis virus in cotton rats and white mice.

J. exp. Med., 72, 407-36, 1940.

Isolation of encephalomyocarditis virus.



Subjects: NEUROLOGY › Inflammatory Conditions, VIROLOGY
  • 1082

The constitution of vitamin K2.

J. biol. Chem., 133, 721-29, 1940.

Structural formula of vitamin K2. With R. W. McKee, S. A. Thayer, and E. A. Doisy. Dam and Doisy shared a Nobel Prize in 1943 for their work on vitamin K.



Subjects: NUTRITION / DIET › Vitamins
  • 1085

A further note on the identity of vitamin H with biotin.

Science, 92, 609-10, 1940.

Isolation of β-biotin (formerly known as vitamin H). With D. B. Melville, P. György, and C. S. Rose.



Subjects: NUTRITION / DIET › Vitamins
  • 1086

Anemia in chicks caused by a vitamin deficiency.

J. biol. Chem., 132, 507-17, 1940.

Isolation of vitamin Bc (folic acid, pteroylglutamic acid). Preliminary communication in J. biol. Chem., 1939, 128, xlvi-xlvii.



Subjects: HEMATOLOGY › Anemia & Chlorosis, NUTRITION / DIET › Deficiency Diseases, NUTRITION / DIET › Vitamins
  • 912.2

An agglutinable factor in human blood recognized by immune sera for Rhesus blood.

Proc. Soc. exp. Biol. (N.Y), 43, 223, 1940.

Recognition of the Rh antigen



Subjects: HEMATOLOGY, HEMATOLOGY › Blood Groups
  • 1173.1

Interstitial cell stimulating hormone. II. Method of preparation and some physico-chemical studies.

Endocrinology, 27, 803-08, 1940.

Choh Hao Li and colleagues isolated of the interstitial cell stimulating (luteinizing) hormone. 



Subjects: Ductless Glands: Internal Secretion › Pituitary, WOMEN, Publications by › Years 1900 - 1999
  • 1811.1

The Badianus manuscript. (Codex Barberini, Latin, 241) Vatican Library. An Aztec herbal of 1552. Edited and translated by Emily W. Emmart.

Baltimore, MD: The Johns Hopkins University Press, 1940.

The earliest complete Mexican medical text and the only medical text known to be the work of native Aztecs. Written by an Aztec physician named by the Spanish Martin de la Cruz, and translated into Latin by another native, Juan Badiano, around the time of the Spanish Conquest, the work is the earliest extant medical treatise written by a native American, and the earliest herbal written in the Americas. Fine color reproductions.



Subjects: BOTANY › Botanical Illustration, BOTANY › Ethnobotany, COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › Mexico, Latin American Medicine, PHARMACOLOGY › PHARMACEUTICALS › Materia medica / Herbals / Herbal Medicines
  • 1664
CANADIAN PUBLIC HEALTH ASSOCIATION

The development of public health in Canada: a review of the history and organization of public health in the provinces of Canada, with an outline of the present organization of the National Health Section of the Department of Pensions and National Health, Canada. Edited by R. D. Defries.

Toronto, Canada: Canadian Public Health Association, 1940.


Subjects: COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › Canada, PUBLIC HEALTH › History of Public Health
  • 1933.3

An enzyme from bacteria able to destroy penicillin.

Nature (Lond.), 146, 837, 1940.

Penicillinase.



Subjects: PHARMACOLOGY › PHARMACEUTICALS › Antibiotics › Penicillin
  • 1934

Penicillin as a chemotherapeutic agent.

Lancet, 2, 226-28, 1940.

Proof of the therapeutic action in vivo of penicillin against streptococcal and other bacterial infections. Building upon Fleming’s work (No. 1933 and 10784), the consequences of which had originally been widely unappreciated, even by Fleming himself, Chain and his co-workers concentrated penicillin and showed that it was probably the most effective chemotherapeutic drug known, and that it was relatively non-toxic. This led to mass production of the drug, which has saved untold millions of lives. 

Chain and Florey shared the Nobel Prize with Fleming (No. 1933) in 1945. Biography of Florey by G. Macfarlane, 1979.



Subjects: PHARMACOLOGY › PHARMACEUTICALS › Antibiotics › Penicillin
  • 2260

Envelope method of treating burns.

Proc. roy. Soc. Med., 34, 65-70, 1940.

Bunyan bag.



Subjects: Diseases Due to Physical Factors › Burns
  • 1953

Chemotherapie akuter Infektionskrankheiten durch Ciba 3714 (Sulfanilamidothiazol).

Schweiz, tried. Wschr., 70, 342-50, 1940.

First important clinical trial of sulfathiazole.



Subjects: PHARMACOLOGY › PHARMACEUTICALS › Sulfonamides
  • 1954

Sulfanilylguanidine: a chemotherapeutic agent for intestinal infections.

Bull. Johns Hopk. Hosp., 67, 163-88, 1940.

Sulphaguanidine was introduced by E. K. Marshall, A. C. Bratton, H. J. White, and J. T. Litchfield.



Subjects: PHARMACOLOGY › PHARMACEUTICALS › Sulfonamides
  • 1955

Chemotherapy, II. Some sulfanilamido heterocycles.

J. Amer. chem. Soc., 62, 2002-05, 1940.

Synthesis of sulphamerazine, by R. O. Roblin, J. H. Williams, P. S. Winnek, and J. P. English.



Subjects: PHARMACOLOGY › Chemotherapy, PHARMACOLOGY › PHARMACEUTICALS › Sulfonamides
  • 1955.1

The relation of p-amniobenzoic acid to the mechanism of the action of sulphanilamide.

Brit J. exp. Path., 21, 74-90, 1940.

Isolation of p-aminobenzoic acid, a structural analog of sulfanilamide.



Subjects: PHARMACOLOGY › PHARMACEUTICALS › Sulfonamides
  • 2431

Syphilis in earlier days.

London: H. K. Lewis, 1940.


Subjects: INFECTIOUS DISEASE › SEXUALLY TRANSMITTED DISEASES › Syphilis › History of Syphilis
  • 2349

The effect of promin (sodium salt of P. P’-diamino-diphenyl-sulfone-N, N’-dextrose sulfonate) on experimental tuberculosis: a preliminary report.

Proc. Mayo Clin., 15, 695-99, 1940.

Experimental evidence of the value of promin (sodium glucosulphone) in tuberculosis. With H. C. Hinshaw and H.E. Moses. See also Amer. Rev. Tuberc., 1942, 45, 303-33.



Subjects: INFECTIOUS DISEASE › Tuberculosis
  • 2010.2
  • 2659.1

Acceleration of electrons by magnetic induction.

Phys. Rev., 58, 841, 1940.

Betatron.

Continued as Kerst, "The acceleration of elecrons by magnetic induction," Phys. Rev., 60 (1941) 47-52. Digital facsimile of the 1941 paper at this link.



Subjects: Nuclear Medicine, ONCOLOGY & CANCER › Radiation (Radiotherapy)
  • 3040

De la résection du carrefour aortico-iliaque avec double sympathectomie lombaire pour thrombose artéritique de l’aorte; le syndrome de l’oblitération termino-aortique par artérite.

Presse méd., 48, 601-04, 1940.

Obliteration of the abdominal aorta.



Subjects: CARDIOLOGY › CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE › Arterial Disease, CARDIOVASCULAR (Cardiac) SURGERY
  • 3041

A technique for splanchnic resection for hypertension; preliminary report.

Surgery, 7, 1-8, 1940.

Smithwick operation for hypertension.



Subjects: CARDIOLOGY › CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE › Hypertension (High Blood Pressure), CARDIOVASCULAR (Cardiac) SURGERY
  • 1983

Rapid absorption of substance injected into the bone marrow.

Proc. Soc. exp. Biol. (N. Y), 45, 292-96, 1940.

Tocantins demonstrated the possibility of transfusion of fluids via the bone marrow. See also later paper with J. F. O’Neill, Surg. Gynec. Obstet., 1941, 73, 281-87.



Subjects: THERAPEUTICS
  • 3099

Nuclear physics and therapy: preliminary report on a new method for the treatment of leukemia and polycythemia.

Radiology, 35, 51-60, 1940.

Radio-phosphorus in treatment of leukemia.



Subjects: HEMATOLOGY › Blood Disorders, Nuclear Medicine, ONCOLOGY & CANCER › Leukemia, RADIOLOGY
  • 2724.1

The substance causing renal hypertension.

J. Physiol. (Lond.), 98, 283-98, 1940.

Angiotensin. With J. C. Fasciolo, L. F. Leloir, and J. M. Muñoz. Independently isolated by Page and Helmer (see No. 2724.2) and later named angiotensin.



Subjects: NEPHROLOGY, NEPHROLOGY › Renal Disease › Renal Hypertension
  • 2724.2

A crystalline pressor substance (angiotonin) resulting from the reaction between renin and renin-activator.

J. exp. Med. 71, 29-42, 1940.

Isolation of angiotonin (angiotensin).



Subjects: NEPHROLOGY › Renal Disease › Renal Hypertension
  • 2923

Grosse pulmonaire. Petite aorte. Affection congénitale.

Bull. Soc. méd. Hôp. Paris, 56, 847-50, 1940.

Idiopathic dilatation of the pulmonary artery reported. With D. Routier and R. Heim de Balsac.



Subjects: CARDIOLOGY › CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE › Arterial Disease, GENETICS / HEREDITY › HEREDITARY / CONGENITAL DISEASES OR DISORDERS › Congenital Vascular Malformations
  • 4251

A practical method for the measurement of glomerular filtration rate (inulin clearance) with an evaluation of the clinical significance of this determination.

Arch. intern. Med., 66, 306-18, 1940.

Inulin clearance test.



Subjects: NEPHROLOGY › Renal Physiology › Tests for Kidney Function
  • 5722

A method of continous spinal anesthesia. A preliminary note.

Ann. Surg., 111, 141-44, 1940.

Continous spinal analgesia introduced.



Subjects: ANESTHESIA
  • 5498

A new type of virus from epidemic influenza.

Science, 92, 405-08, 1940.

Recovery of influenza B virus.



Subjects: INFECTIOUS DISEASE › Influenza, VIROLOGY › VIRUSES (by Family) › Orthomyxoviridae › Influenza B Virus
  • 5499

A virus from cases of influenza-like upper-respiratory infection.

Proc. Soc. exp. Biol. (N.Y.), 45, 162-64, 1940.

Recovery of influenza B virus.



Subjects: INFECTIOUS DISEASE › Influenza, VIROLOGY › VIRUSES (by Family) › Orthomyxoviridae › Influenza B Virus
  • 5398.1

Epidemic and endemic typhus. Protective value for guinea pigs of vaccines prepared from infected tissues of the developing chick embryo.

Publ. Hlth. Rep. (Wash.), 55, 110-15, 1940.

Typhus vaccine.



Subjects: IMMUNOLOGY › Vaccines, INFECTIOUS DISEASE › VECTOR-BORNE DISEASES › Lice-Borne Diseases › Typhus
  • 5398.2

Rickettsia disease of Malaya. Identity of tsutsugamushi and rural typhus.

Lancet, 1, 255-59, 305-11, 1940.

Lewthwaite and Savoor showed scrub typhus to be identical to tsutsugamushi fever.



Subjects: BACTERIOLOGY › BACTERIA (mostly pathogenic; sometimes indexed only to genus) › Rickettsiales › Rickettsia › Orientia Tsutsugamushi, COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › Malaysia, INFECTIOUS DISEASE › VECTOR-BORNE DISEASES › Lice-Borne Diseases › Typhus
  • 6649

Faiths that healed.

New York: Appleton & Co., 1940.


Subjects: RELIGION & Medicine & the Life Sciences
  • 5224

Complement-fixation test in lymphogranuloma venereum.

Proc. Soc. exp. Biol. (N.Y.), 44, 410-13, 1940.

Diagnosis of lymphogranuloma venereum by complement-fixation test. With G. W. Rake and M. F. Shaffer.



Subjects: INFECTIOUS DISEASE › SEXUALLY TRANSMITTED DISEASES › Lymphogranuloma Venereum, WOMEN, Publications by › Years 1900 - 1999
  • 6495

The Chinese way in medicine.

Baltimore, MD: The Johns Hopkins University Press, 1940.


Subjects: COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › China, People's Republic of
  • 6435

Progress in medicine: a critical review of the last hundred years.

New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1940.


Subjects: History of Medicine: General Works
  • 5259

Klinische und parasitologische Befunde und chemotherapeutische Ergebnisse bei der Hühnermalaria.

Arch. Schiffs-u. Tropenhyg., 44, 257-75, 1940.

Discovery of the developmental forms of P. gallinaceum in the incubation period.



Subjects: INFECTIOUS DISEASE › VECTOR-BORNE DISEASES › Mosquito-Borne Diseases › Malaria, PARASITOLOGY › Plasmodia, VETERINARY MEDICINE › Veterinary Parasitology, WOMEN, Publications by › Years 1900 - 1999
  • 5259.1

The form of Plasmodium, gallinaceum present in the incubation period of the infection.

Indian J. med. Res., 28, 273-76, 1940.

Independently of Mudrow, H. E. Shortt, K. P. Menon, and P. V. Seetharama Iyer found pre-erythrocytic forms of P. gallinaceum in the tissues.



Subjects: INFECTIOUS DISEASE › VECTOR-BORNE DISEASES › Mosquito-Borne Diseases › Malaria, PARASITOLOGY › Plasmodia, VETERINARY MEDICINE › Veterinary Parasitology
  • 4614

Neurology 2 pts. Edited by A.N. Bruce.

London: E. Arnold & Co., 1940.

Wilson died before this monumental work was completed, and it was edited by A. N. Bruce. It includes a vast amount of history and hundreds of references. Second edition, 1954.



Subjects: NEUROLOGY, NEUROLOGY › History of Neurology
  • 7063

Obesity and leanness.

Philadelphia: Lea & Febiger, 1940.

The first American book specifically devoted to obesity research.



Subjects: Obesity Research
  • 7719

Adaptive coloration in animals. With an introduction by Julian S. Huxley.

London: Methuen & Co., 1940.

Published during WWII, Cott's book was the first major work on camouflage in zoology, appreciated by zoologists for its scientific information and carried by many allied soldiers during the war for survival purposes. The Wikipedia analysis of this book is especially valuable. Digital facsimile of the 1957 slightly corrected reprint from the Internet Archive at this link.



Subjects: BIOLOGY, EVOLUTION, ZOOLOGY
  • 7727

Esser inlay (Epithethelial inlay).

Leiden: Brill, 1940.

Though he developed the "skin graft inlay technique" or epithelial inlay during World War I, Esser did not fully publish it until this very extensively illustrated monograph, with about 1500 images, issued in 1940.



Subjects: PLASTIC & RECONSTRUCTIVE SURGERY › Skin Grafting
  • 7830

Appearance of skeletal abnormalities in the offspring of rats on a deficient diet.

Science, 92, 383-84., 1940.

Warkany was the first to prove that congenital developmental disorders can be induced by exogenous factors in mammals. His studies led to the definition of both genetic and environmentally induced structural defects. See also: Warkany, J. "Effect of maternal rachitogenic diet on skeletal development of young rat," Amer J Dis Child., 66 (1943) 511. 



Subjects: TERATOLOGY
  • 9278

Plants used as curatives by certain Southeastern tribes.

Cambridge, MA: Botanical Museum of Harvard University, 1940.

Digital facsimile from herablstudies.net at this link.



Subjects: BOTANY › Ethnobotany, COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › United States › American Southeast, NATIVE AMERICANS & Medicine
  • 9483

A preliminary report on the use of fast neutrons in the treatment of malignant disease.

Radiology, 35, 322-27, 1940.

First report on the introduction of neutron therapy for cancer. See Hans Svensson & Torsten Landberg, "Neutron therapy--the historical background," Acta Oncologica, 33:3 (1984) 227-231. In 1938 Stone began clinical trials treating cancer with neutrons produced by E. O. Lawrence's cyclotron at the University of California, Berkeley. These trials were terminated because the cyclotron was needed for the war effort during World War II.



Subjects: Radiation Oncology
  • 10324

Medicine and its development in Kentucky. Medical Historical Research Project of the Work Projects Administration for the Commonwealth of Kentucky.

Louisville, KY: Standard Printing Co., 1940.


Subjects: U.S.: CONTENT OF PUBLICATIONS BY STATE & TERRITORY › Kentucky
  • 10706

On the occurrence of a factor in human serum activating the specific agglutination of sheep blood corpuscles.

Acta Path. microbiol. Scand., 17, 172-188, 1940.

Discovery of the Rheumatoid factor.



Subjects: IMMUNOLOGY, RHEUMATOLOGY
  • 10743

Bibliography of fossil vertebrates: The indexed published literature of vertebrate paleontology, 1509-1993.

Society of Vertebrate Paleontology, 19401993.

http://vertpaleo.org/Publications/Bibliography-of-Fossil-Vertebrates.aspx

"The Bibliography of Fossil Vertebrates (BFV) aimed to index the world literature of vertebrate paleontology. Although no compilation can ever be complete, the BFV attempted to include every published scientific work that mentioned vertebrate fossils. In addition, it included works that dealt with closely related subjects such as evolutionary theory, geology, and the history of science, where relevant. Articles from newspapers and popular magazines were not included; nevertheless, the total number of references to books and published articles is in the neighborhood of 200,000.  The bibliographies indexed literature by taxonomy, geologic age, geography and subject areas, although the indexing changed over the years. The contents of those bibliographies have been converted to a database that can be searched using subject and taxonomic indexes, covering the literature from 1509-1993.
 

"The Bibliography of Fossil Vertebrates was compiled and published as a series of volumes, beginning with the 1928-1933 Camp, et al., volume published in 1940 (see below). However, this volume continued the work begun by O. P. Hay and his colleagues, who had published two previous retrospective volumes covering the literature of North American vertebrate paleontology, in 1902 and 1929. The Camp volumes were published by the Geological Society of America. In 1962, A. S. Romer, et al. (see below) compiled a massive bibliography to complement the Hay volumes, covering the non-North American published literature up to the point when the BFV series proper was begun.
 

"In the early 1970s, the BFV indexing was done under a cooperative agreement by the SVP, the American Geological Institute (AGI) and the University of California Museum of Paleontology, under the supervision of J. T. Gregory, and the references incorporated into AGI's GeoRef.
 

"Publication of the series resumed in 1983, with a compilation of the AGI references in the 1973-1977, 1978 and 1979 volumes. The 1980-1993 volumes were supported by the SVP and the University of California Museum of Paleontology. The increasing indexing of vertebrate paleontological literature in computerized indexes, and the increasing costs of indexing caused the SVP to cease publication of the BFV in 1996. A demonstration project of the BFV Online, created by John Damuth in 1994, proved successful, and the SVP supported its expansion. A grant from the Dinosaur Society permitted keystroking of the references from the older printed volumes, which have been added to the database." (http://vertpaleo.org/Publications/Bibliography-of-Fossil-Vertebrates.aspx).

Individual volumes were published as follows, after which annual volumes appeared through 1993:

Hay, O. P. 1902. Bibliography and Catalogue of Fossil Vertebrata of North America. U.S. Geological Survey Bulletin 179, 868 pp.
Hay, O. P. 1929. Second Bibliography and Catalogue of Fossil Vertebrata of North America. Carnegie Institute of Washington, Publication no. 390, vol. 1, 916 pp.
Romer, A. S., N. E. Wright, T. Edinger and R. van Frank (eds). 1962. Bibliography of Fossil Vertebrates Exclusive of North America. The Geological Scoiety of America, GSA Memoir 87.
Camp, C. L. and V. L. Vanderhoof (eds). 1940. Bibliography of Fossil Vertebrates 1928-1933. The Geological Society of America, GSA Special Paper 27.
Camp, C. L., D. N. Taylor and S. P. Welles (eds). 1942. Bibliography of Fossil Vertebrates 1934-1938. The Geological Society of America, GSA Special Paper 42.
Camp, C. L., S. P. Welles, M. Green (eds). 1949. Bibliography of Fossil Vertebrates 1939-1943. The Geological Society of America, GSA Memoir 37.
Camp, C. L., S. P. Welles, M. Green (eds). 1953. Bibliography of Fossil Vertebrates 1944-1948. The Geological Society of America, GSA Memoir 57.
Camp, C. L. and H. J. Allison (eds). 1961. Bibliography of Fossil Vertebrates 1949-1953. The Geological Society of America, GSA Memoir 84.
Camp, C. L., H. J. Allison and R. H. Nichols (eds). 1964. Bibliography of Fossil Vertebrates 1954-1958. The Geological Society of America, GSA Memoir 92.
Camp, C. L., H. J. Allison, R. H. Nichols and H. McGinnis  (eds). 1968. Bibliography of Fossil Vertebrates 1959-1963. The Geological Society of America, GSA Memoir 117.
Camp, C. L., R. H. Nichols, B. Brajnikov, E. Fulton and J. A. Bacskai (eds). 1972. Bibliography of Fossil Vertebrates 1964-1968. The Geological Society of America, GSA Memoir 134.
Gregory, J. T., J. A. Bacskai, B. Brajnikov and K. Munthe (eds). 1973. Bibliography of Fossil Vertebrates 1969-1972. The Geological Society of America, GSA Memoir 141.



Subjects: BIBLIOGRAPHY › Online Access Catalogues & Bibliographic Databases, EVOLUTION › Human Origins / Human Evolution, NATURAL HISTORY, ZOOLOGY › History of Zoology
  • 10951

A neurotropic virus isolated from the blood of a native in Uganda.

Am. J. Trop. Med. & Hygiene, 20, 471-492, 1940.

Order of authorship in the original paper: Smithburn, Hughes, Burke. In 1937 the authors isolated a virus from the blood of an adult female with fever from the Omogo West Nile district of Uganda, and named it West Nile virus. They described pathology that involves encephalitis and can cause death in monkeys. Digital facsimile from ajtmh.org at this link

(Thanks to Juan Weiss for this reference and its interpretation.).



Subjects: COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › Uganda, INFECTIOUS DISEASE › Neuroinfectious Diseases › Encephalitis, INFECTIOUS DISEASE › VECTOR-BORNE DISEASES › Mosquito-Borne Diseases › West Nile Virus , VIROLOGY
  • 11241

Sarh Asma Al-Uqqar (L'Explication des noms de drogues) Un glossaire de matière medicale composé par Maïmonide. Texte publié pour la première fois d'après le manuscrit unique. By Maimonides; edited by Max Meyerhof.

Cairo: l'Institut français d'Archeologie Orientale, 1940.


Subjects: MEDIEVAL MEDICINE › Medieval Jewish Medicine, PHARMACOLOGY › PHARMACEUTICALS
  • 11401

Découverte d'une remarkable grotte ornée, au domaine de Lascaux, Montignac (Dordogne).

C.R. Acad. Inscr. & Belles-Lettres, Sept-Oct, 387-390, 1940.

Lascaux, which has been called "The Sistine Chapel of the Paleolithic", was discovered on September 12, 1940 by 18-year-old Marcel Ravidat when his dog, Robot, fell into a hole. Ravidar returned to the cave with three friends, Jacques Marsal, Georges Agnel, and Simon Coencas. The four re-entered the cave and discovered the splendid cave paintings on the walls of the cave. A few days later the boys told M. Laval, a retired schoolmaster, and Maurice Thaon, a young acquaintance of Abbé Henri Breuil, of their discovery. Thaon made a few preliminary sketches of the cave art and brought them to Breuil, the leading authority on paleolithic or cave art.On September 21, 1940 the four discoverers returned to the cave with Abbé Breuil. In his first exploration of the cave Breuil was acccompanied by prehistorians Denis Peyrony, Jean Bouyssonie and André Cheynier.

Breuil published the first preliminary scientific description of the cave and its paintings in Comptes rendus de l'Académie des Inscriptions & Belles-Lettres, September-October issue, 1940, as cited above. He also published a slightly more detailed account entitled, "Grotte de Lascaux. Rapport" in Bulletin de la Société historique et archéologique du Périgord (1940). Illustrations in that brief seven-page paper included reproductions of some of Thaon’s sketches.



Subjects: EVOLUTION › Human Origins / Human Evolution
  • 11638

Medical works of the Knights Hospitallers of Saint John of Jerusalem.

Baltimore, MD: The Johns Hopkins University Press, 1940.


Subjects: HOSPITALS › History of Hospitals, MEDIEVAL MEDICINE › History of Medieval Medicine, RELIGION & Medicine & the Life Sciences
  • 11654

Fractures and other bone and joint injuries.

Edinburgh: E & S Livingstone, 1940.

Watson-Jones's textbook became known as "the bible."  It was reprinted 15 times during the author's lifetime and translated into  Spanish, French, German, Portuguese and Polish. "Throughout its publication, Watson-Jones found unique ways to demonstrate his theories and techniques, including acetate and radiographic overlays, question-and-answer formats, and a writing style that was not only instructive but interesting." (helio.com/orthopedics).



Subjects: ORTHOPEDICS › Orthopedic Surgery & Treatments › Fractures & Dislocations
  • 12541

Medicine and health in New Zealand: A retrospect and a prospect.

Christchurch, NZ: Whitcomb & Tombs, 1940.

Medical education, the hospital system, the relationship between specialists and general practitioners, and the brain drain of doctors to Britain.



Subjects: COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › New Zealand
  • 12933

Root canal therapy.

Philadelphia: Lea & Febiger, 1940.


Subjects: DENTISTRY › Endodontics
  • 13073

Psychiatric nursing technic.

Philadelphia: F. A. Davis Co., 1940.


Subjects: NURSING, PSYCHIATRY
  • 13090

Field surgery in total war.

London: Hamish Hamilton Medical Books, 1940.

This book " became required reading in the US Army Medical Service during the Second World War. According to one US authority, C.E. Welch, Jolly’s methods ‘undoubtedly contributed more to the saving of lives of patients with abdominal wounds than any other single factor’. In Korea and Vietnam the mobile hospitals used by the US Army and its allies were based directly on the mobile surgical units that Jolly described in his book" (https://nzhistory.govt.nz/people/douglas-jolly).



Subjects: MILITARY MEDICINE & HYGIENE › World War II
  • 13352

The patient’s dilemma: The quest for medical security in America.

New York: Reynal & Hitchcock, 1940.

Cabot advocated the group practice of medicine and for budgeted prepayment systems for healthcare.



Subjects: ECONOMICS, BIOMEDICAL, Insurance, Health
  • 4614.1

Encephalography.

Melbourne, Australia: Macmillan, 1941.

Robertson improved the accuracy and reliability of encephalography and reduced its discomforts.



Subjects: NEUROLOGY › Neuroradiology
  • 1084

p-Aminobenzoic acid, a vitamin.

Science, 93, 164-65, 1941.

Recognition of β-amenobenzoic acid as a member of the vitamin-B complex.



Subjects: NUTRITION / DIET › Vitamins
  • 912.3

Recherches sur un nouvel hémo-agglutinogéne du sang humain.

Acta biol. belg, 1, 123-28, 1941.

Moureau discovered the Rh factor independently of Levine and others whose work was not known to him owing to the military occupation of Belgium. See also his paper in Amer. J. clin. Path., 1946, 16, 373-79.



Subjects: HEMATOLOGY, HEMATOLOGY › Blood Groups
  • 2187

A short history of nautical medicine.

New York: Paul B. Hoeber, 1941.


Subjects: MILITARY MEDICINE & HYGIENE › History of Military Medicine
  • 1244.1

Methods for the collection of fluid from single glomeruli and tubules of the mammalian kidney, and the collection and analysis of fluid from single nephrons of the mammalian kidney.

Am. J. Physiol., 134, 562-89; 580-95, 1941.

This was the first (and for many years) the only application of the Wearn-Richards procedure (No. 1239) to the mammalian kidney.



Subjects: Genito-Urinary System › Kidney: Urinary Secretion, NEPHROLOGY › Renal Physiology
  • 2060

Fundamental errors in the early history of cinchona.

Bull. Hist. Med., 10, 417-59, 568-92, 1941.


Subjects: PHARMACOLOGY › History of Pharmacology & Pharmaceuticals, PHARMACOLOGY › PHARMACEUTICALS › Botanic Sources of Single Component Drugs › Cinchona Bark
  • 1684

War and disease.

Garden City, NY: Doubleday, 1941.


Subjects: EPIDEMIOLOGY, MILITARY MEDICINE & HYGIENE, MILITARY MEDICINE & HYGIENE › World War II
  • 1934.1

Further observations on penicillin.

Lancet, 2, 177-89, 1941.

First report of the chemotherapeutic action of penicillin on humans (10 cases). 



Subjects: PHARMACOLOGY › PHARMACEUTICALS › Antibiotics › Penicillin
  • 1956

Sulfadiazine. Therapeutic evaluation and toxic effects on four hundred and forty-six patients.

J. Amer. Med. Assoc., 116, 2641-47, 1941.

Introduction of sulphadiazine. With E. Strauss and O. L. Peterson.



Subjects: PHARMACOLOGY › PHARMACEUTICALS › Sulfonamides
  • 1957

Succinyl sulfathiazole, a new bacteriostatic agent locally active in the gastrointestinal tract.

Proc. Soc. exp. Biol. (N. Y), 48, 129-30, 1941.

Introduction of sulfasuxidine.



Subjects: PHARMACOLOGY › PHARMACEUTICALS › Sulfonamides
  • 1533

Continuous and reproducible records of the electrical activity of the human retina.

Proc. Soc. exp. Biol. (N.Y.), 48, 204-7, 1941.

Electroretinography



Subjects: Electrodiagnosis, OPHTHALMOLOGY › Physiology of Vision, PSYCHOLOGY › Psychophysics
  • 1533.1

The anatomy and the histology of the retina in man, ape, and monkey.

Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press, 1941.

A scholarly tour-de-force with a bibliography of over 700 references.



Subjects: ANATOMY › Microscopic Anatomy (Histology), COMPARATIVE ANATOMY, OPHTHALMOLOGY › Anatomy of the Eye & Orbit
  • 2417

A new serologically active phospholipid from beef heart.

Proc. Soc,. exp. Biol. (N.Y.), 48, 484-86, 1941.

Cardiolipin antigen for serological diagnosis of syphilis. For isolation and purification see J. biol. Chem., 1942, 143, 247-56.



Subjects: INFECTIOUS DISEASE › SEXUALLY TRANSMITTED DISEASES › Syphilis, WOMEN, Publications by › Years 1900 - 1999
  • 3042

Surgery of the heart.

London: E. Arnold & Co., 1941.

Includes valuable information regarding the history of the subject.



Subjects: CARDIOVASCULAR (Cardiac) SURGERY, CARDIOVASCULAR (Cardiac) SURGERY › History of Cardiac Surgery
  • 3100

The rôle of iso-immunization in the pathogenesis of erythroblastosis fetalis.

Amer. J. Obstet. Gynec., 42, 925-37, 1941.

Erythroblastosis fetalis due to rhesus incompatibility (Rh disease) between mother and child. With L. Burnham, E. M. Katzin, and P. Vogel.



Subjects: HEMATOLOGY › Blood Disorders, OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › OBSTETRICS
  • 3102

Studies on the hemorrhagic sweet clover disease. V. Identification and synthesis of the hemorrhagic agent.

J. biol. Chem., 138, 513-27, 1941.

Isolation of dicoumarol (3:3-methylene-bis-4-hydroxycoumarin). With C. F. Huebner.



Subjects: HEMATOLOGY › Anticoagulation
  • 3243

The story of clinical pulmonary tuberculosis.

Baltimore, MD: Williams & Wilkins, 1941.


Subjects: PULMONOLOGY › History of Pulmonary Tuberculosis
  • 3556

Congenital atresia of the esophagus with tracheoesophageal fistula. Report of successful extrapleural ligation of fistulous communication and cervical esophagostomy.

J. thorac. Surg., 10, 648-57, 1941.


Subjects: Thoracic Surgery
  • 3158

Cardiac classics. A collection of classic works on the heart and circulation with comprehensive biographic accounts of the authors.

St. Louis, MO: C. V. Mosby Co., 1941.

Covers the literature up to 1912. Reprinted in 2 vols, as Classics of cardiology, New York, Dover, 1961. Reprinted again, with volume 3 by John A. Callahan, Thomas E. Keys & Jack E. Key, Malabar, Florida, Krieger, 1983. Volume 4 by John A. Callahan, Dwight C. McGoon, and Jack D. Key, Malabar, Krieger, 1989. Vol. 3 covers literature from 1912 to 1955 in a style similar to the first 2 vols. Vol. 4 in 2 pts. covers material published up to 1975, with an abbreviated commentary. Part 1 of Vol. 4 covers cardiac surgery; part 2 covers cardiology.



Subjects: CARDIOLOGY › History of Cardiology, CARDIOVASCULAR (Cardiac) SURGERY › History of Cardiac Surgery
  • 2577

The agglutination of red cells by allantoic fluid of chick embryos infected with influenza virus.

Science, 94, 22-23, 1941.

Discovery of virus hemagglutination. Between 1941 and 1942 Hirst developed the hemagglutination assay for quantifying the relative concentration of viruses, bacteria or antibodies.



Subjects: BACTERIOLOGY › Bacteriology, Laboratory techniques in, HEMATOLOGY, INFECTIOUS DISEASE › GENERAL PRINCIPLES of Infection by Microorganisms, Laboratory Medicine › Blood Tests, VIROLOGY
  • 2578

The absorption of influenza virus by red cells and a new in vitro method of measuring antibodies for influenza virus.

Canad. publ. Hlth. J., 32, 530-38, 1941.

Independently of Hirst, McClelland and Hare discovered virus hemagglutination.



Subjects: IMMUNOLOGY › Immunization, VIROLOGY, WOMEN, Publications by › Years 1900 - 1999
  • 2871

Catheterization of the right auricle in man.

Proc. Soc. exp. Biol. (N.Y.), 46, 462-66, 1941.

First investigations with the cardiac catheter as a clinical method of investigation. For his work in this field, Cournand in 1956 shared the Nobel Prize with Forssmann (No. 2858) and Richards (No. 2883.2).



Subjects: CARDIOLOGY › Interventional Cardiology › Cardiac Catheterization
  • 2873

Studies on congestive heart failure. I. The importance of restriction of salt as compared to water.

Amer. Heart J., 22, 141-53, 1941.

Low-sodium diet in heart failure.



Subjects: CARDIOLOGY › CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE › Heart Failure
  • 4252

Crush injuries with impairment of renal function.

Brit. med. J., 1, 427-32, 1941.

Bywaters and Beali encountered cases of the “crush syndrome” among victims of the London air-raids of 1940-41.



Subjects: NEPHROLOGY › Renal Disease
  • 4253

The vicious circle in chronic Bright’s disease. Experimental evidence from the hypertensive rat.

Quart. J. Med., 10, 65-93, 1941.


Subjects: NEPHROLOGY › Renal Disease › Nephritis, NEPHROLOGY › Renal Disease › Renal Hypertension
  • 3411

History and present status of operations on the labyrinthine capsule for otosclerosis.

Surg. Gynec. Obstet., 72, 466-89, 1941.

Kopetzky improved the technique of the fenestration operation. The above has a useful history of the development of this operation. See also his earlier papers in Ann. Otol. (St. Louis), 1930, 39, 996; 1931, 40, 157.



Subjects: OTOLOGY › Otologic Surgery & Procedures
  • 4276

Studies on prostatic cancer. I. The effect of castration, of estrogen, and of androgen injection on serum phosphatases in metastatic carcinoma of the prostate.

Cancer Res., 1, 293-97, 1941.

Huggins was awarded the 1966 Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine for discovering in 1941 that hormones could be used to control the spread of some cancers. This was the first discovery that showed that cancer could be controlled by chemicals.



Subjects: ONCOLOGY & CANCER › Carcinoma, UROLOGY › Prostate
  • 4153

En ny og spesifikk kutan-reaksjon ved Boecks sarcoid. En foreløbig meddelelse.

Nord. Med., 9, 169-72, 1941.

Kveim’s test for sarcoidosis.



Subjects: COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › Norway, DERMATOLOGY › Specific Dermatoses
  • 4910

Surgical diseases of the spinal cord, membranes, and nerve roots.

New York: Paul B. Hoeber, 1941.

Elsberg, American pioneer in neurosurgery, made valuable contributions to the surgery of the spinal cord. His first book on the subject appeared in 1916, and another on tumours of the cord in 1925.



Subjects: NEUROSURGERY › Spine
  • 4910.1

Epilepsy and cerebral localization: A study of the mechanism, treatment and prevention of epileptic seizures.

Springfield, IL: Charles C Thomas, 1941.

Penfield’s most widely recognized contribution was the gradual development of cortical excision as an accepted and valuable method of treating medically refractory focal epilepsy. See also No. 4914.2.



Subjects: NEUROLOGY › Epilepsy, NEUROSURGERY › Epilepsy
  • 5096

Sulfanilylguanidine in the treatment of acute bacillary dysentery in children.

Johns Hopk. Hosp. Bull., 68, 94-111, 1941.

E. K. Marshall, A. C. Bratton, L. B. Edwards, and E. L. Walker were the first to use sulphaguanidine in the treatment of bacillary dysentery.



Subjects: INFECTIOUS DISEASE › Bacillary Dysentery, PEDIATRICS
  • 4404

Chondrodystrophic dwarfs in Denmark (supplemented with investigations from Sweden and Norway) with special reference to the inheritance of chondrodystrophy.

Copenhagen: E. Munksgaard, 1941.

Morch established the fact that chondrodystrophy may be inherited.



Subjects: COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › Denmark, COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › Norway, COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › Sweden, GENETICS / HEREDITY › HEREDITARY / CONGENITAL DISEASES OR DISORDERS
  • 5723

The Oxford vaporiser No. 1.

Lancet, 2, 62-64, 1941.

With R. R. Macintosh and K. Mendelssohn. The Oxford vaporiser No. 2 is described in the same journal, pp. 64-66 by S. L. Cowan, R. D. Scott, and S. F. Suffolk.



Subjects: ANESTHESIA, INSTRUMENTS & TECHNOLOGIES
  • 5507

Congenital cataract following German measles in the mother.

Trans. ophthal. Soc. Aust., 3, 35-46, 1941.

Gregg drew attention to congenital defects in infants following rubella in the mother during the early part of pregnancy.



Subjects: GENETICS / HEREDITY › HEREDITARY / CONGENITAL DISEASES OR DISORDERS, INFECTIOUS DISEASE › Rubella & Allied Conditions, OPHTHALMOLOGY › Ocular Surgery & Procedures › Cataract
  • 5301.2

The transmission of Leishmania tropica by the bite of Phlebotomus papatasii.

Indian J. med. Res., 29, 803-09, 1941.

Proof of the transmission of L. tropica by P. papatasii.



Subjects: EPIDEMIOLOGY, INDIA, Practice of Medicine in, INFECTIOUS DISEASE › VECTOR-BORNE DISEASES › Sandfly-Borne Diseases › Leishmaniasis
  • 5013

A history of medical psychology.

New York: W. W. Norton and Company, 1941.


Subjects: PSYCHIATRY › History of Psychiatry
  • 6466

Native African medicine: With special reference to Its practice in the Mano tribe of Liberia.

Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1941.


Subjects: COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › Africa, COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › Liberia, TRADITIONAL, Folk or Indigenous Medicine
  • 6467

La medicina primitiva.

Milan: “Arte e Storia”, 1941.


Subjects: TRADITIONAL, Folk or Indigenous Medicine
  • 6135

The diagnostic value of vaginal smears in carcinoma of the uterus.

Amer. J. Obstet. Gynec., 42, 193-206, 1941.

The first cytopathology test, smear diagnosis of carcinoma of the cervix: the "Pap" test. Papanicolaou first reported in 1928 that he could recognize cancer cells (Proc. Third Race Betterment Conf., p. 528) but the importance of his findings was not generally accepted and he abandoned the work for some years.



Subjects: OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › GYNECOLOGY, ONCOLOGY & CANCER › Carcinoma, PATHOLOGY › Cytopathology
  • 5224.1

The vesicular test. Diagnostic method of infection by poradenic (lymphogranuloma inguinale)virus.

Amer. J. trop. Med., 21, 597-602, 1941.

Vesicular test for diagnosis of lymphogranuloma venereum.



Subjects: INFECTIOUS DISEASE › SEXUALLY TRANSMITTED DISEASES › Lymphogranuloma Venereum
  • 6232

Maternal pulmonary embolism by amniotic fluid as a cause of obstetric shock and unexpected deaths in obstetrics.

J. Amer. med. Ass., 117, 1245-54, 1340-45, 1941.

Amniotic fluid embolism described.



Subjects: OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › OBSTETRICS
  • 6483

Hippocratic medicine. Its spirit and method.

New York: Columbia University Press, 1941.


Subjects: ANCIENT MEDICINE › Greece › History of Ancient Medicine in Greece
  • 6357.57

Abdominal surgery of infancy and childhood.

Philadelphia: W. B. Saunders, 1941.

Ladd pioneered the development of pediatric surgery in the United States. Robert E. Gross, his chief resident, succeeded to his position at Boston Children’s Hospital.



Subjects: Pediatric Surgery
  • 6777

Current List of Medical Literature. Vols. 1-36.

Washington, DC, 19411959.

Published weekly until June, 1950, then monthly, with author and subject indexes. Cumulated indexes semi-annually. Issued by the Army Medical Library prior to its naming as the National Library of Medicine. Superseded in 1960 by Index Medicus. Digital facsimile of vols. 1-36 from the Hathi Trust at this link.



Subjects: BIBLIOGRAPHY
  • 254.3

Genetic control of biochemical reactions in Neurospora.

Proc. nat. Acad. Sci. (Wash.), 27, 499-506., 1941.

Beadle and Tatum proposed the "one gene, one enzyme" hypothesis in 1941. This was a restatement of ideas originally proposed by Archibald Garrod (No. 244.1) in 1908. Beadle and Tatum shared the Nobel Prize in 1958 with Joshua Lederberg (No. 255.4) for their researches on the mechanism by which the chromosomes in the cell nucleus transmit inherited characters.



Subjects: BIOLOGY › MOLECULAR BIOLOGY, GENETICS / HEREDITY
  • 6898

Metabolic generation and utilization of phosphate bond energy.

Advances in Enzymology, 1, 99-162, 1941.

Discovery of co-enzyme A and its importance for intermediary metabolism. This discovery illuminated “the process by which cells make available the energy to drive their manufacturing processes” (Judson, p. 245). Lipmann shared the 1953 Nobel Prize in Medicine/Physiology. In his Nobel Lecture (1953) he will spoke “very tentatively” of the first clues that “may foreshadow” extension of his concept to proteins and nucleic acids.



Subjects: BIOCHEMISTRY, BIOLOGY › MOLECULAR BIOLOGY
  • 6925

Metabolic generation and utilization of phosphate bond energy.

Advances in Enzymology, 1, 99-162, 1941.

Lippmann's discovery illuminated “the process by which cells make available the energy to drive their manufacturing processes” (Judson, Eighth Day of Creation, 246-48, quote from p.  245).



Subjects: BIOCHEMISTRY, BIOLOGY › MOLECULAR BIOLOGY
  • 9281

Navajo Indian medical ethnobotany. University of New Mexico Bulletin, Anthropological Series, Vol. 3, No. 5.

Albuquerque, NM: The University of New Mexico Press, 1941.

Digital facsimile from herbaltherapeutics.net at this link.



Subjects: BOTANY › Ethnobotany, NATIVE AMERICANS & Medicine, PHARMACOLOGY › PHARMACEUTICALS › Materia medica / Herbals / Herbal Medicines, U.S.: CONTENT OF PUBLICATIONS BY STATE & TERRITORY › New Mexico
  • 10581

Vāgbhaṭa's Aṣṭāngahṛdayasaṃhitā: Ein altindisches Lehrbuch der Heilkunde. Aus dem Sanskrit ins Deutsche Übertragen mit Einleitung, Anmerkungen, und Indices von Luise Hilgenberg und Willibald Kirfel.

Leiden: Brill, 1941.

"The Aṣṭāṅgahṛdayasaṃhitā (Ah, "Heart of Medicine") is written in poetic language. The Aṣṭāṅgasaṅgraha (As, "Compendium of Medicine") is a longer and less concise work, containing many parallel passages and extensive passages in prose. The Ah is written in 7120 easily understood Sanskrit verses that present a coherent account of Ayurvedic knowledge. Ashtanga in Sanskrit means ‘eight components’ and refers to the eight sections of Ayurveda: internal medicine, surgery, gynaecology and paediatrics, rejuvenation therapy, aphrodisiac therapy, toxicology, and psychiatry or spiritual healing, and ENT (ear, nose and throat). There are sections on longevity, personal hygiene, the causes of illness, the influence of season and time on the human organism, types and classifications of medicine, the significance of the sense of taste, pregnancy and possible complications during birth, Prakriti, individual constitutions and various aids for establishing a prognosis. There is also detailed information on Five-actions therapies (Skt. pañcakarma) including therapeutically induced vomiting, the use of laxatives, enemas, complications that might occur during such therapies and the necessary medications. The Aṣṭāṅgahṛdayasaṃhitā is perhaps Ayurveda’s greatest classic, and copies of the work in manuscript libraries across India and the world outnumber any other medical work. The Ah is the central work of authority for ayurvedic practitioners in Kerala. The Aṣṭāṅgasaṅgraha, by contrast, is poorly represented in the manuscript record, with only a few, fragmentary manuscripts having survived to the twenty-first century. Evidently it was not widely read in pre-modern times. However, the As has come to new prominence since the twentieth century through being made part of the curriculum for ayurvedic college education in India" (Wikipedia article on Vagbhata, accessed 05-2018).

 



Subjects: ANCIENT MEDICINE › India
  • 10769

Jak zapobiegać chorobom zakaźnym i jak je zwalczać? Biblioteczka Zydowskiej Samopomocy Spolecznej. Nr. 1.

Kraków: Żydowska Samopomoc Społeczna, Prezydium, 1941.

A 14-page pamphlet on epidemiology published by the  Żydowska Samopomoc Społeczna, Prezydium (Jewish Social Self-Help Organization) in the Kraków Ghetto to educate Jewish activists and physicians. The author perished at Belzec concentration camp in 1942.



Subjects: COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › Poland, EPIDEMIOLOGY, Jews and Medicine, PUBLIC HEALTH
  • 11000

The medical reports of John Y. Bassett, M.D., the Alabama student. Edited by Daniel C. Elkin.

Springfield, IL: Charles C Thomas, 1941.

Bassett was the subject of William Osler's famous essay, "An Alabama Student."



Subjects: Bioclimatology, Topography, Medical, U.S.: CONTENT OF PUBLICATIONS BY STATE & TERRITORY › Alabama
  • 12379

Physical medicine: The employment of physical agents for diagnosis and therapy.

Philadelphia: W. B. Saunders, 1941.


Subjects: PHYSICAL MEDICINE / REHABILITATION
  • 12823

Report of the Blood Transfusion Association concerning the Project for Supplying Blood Plasma to England, which has been carried on jointly with the American Red Cross from August, 1940, to January, 1941. Narrative account of work and medical report.

New York: Blood Transfusion Association, 1941.

Drew discovered the method for long-term storage of blood plasma, and organized America's first large-scale blood bank.

Drew's thesis for his medical degree at Columbia was entitled "Banked Blood: A Study in Blood Preservation." "The thesis also made him the first African American to earn a medical doctorate from Columbia. Scudder remarked that the thesis was “a masterpiece” and “one of the most distinguished essays ever written, both in form and content.”

"Drew’s doctoral research assessed previous blood and transfusion research, blood chemistry and fluid replacement, and evaluated variables affecting shelf-life of stored blood — from types and amounts of anticoagulants (substances that prevent blood from clotting) and preservatives, to shapes of storage containers and temperature.

"His key findings, complex procedures, and standards for collecting, processing and storing blood proved his expertise and led to an appointment to head the Blood for Britain Project (BFB), an effort to transport desperately needed blood and plasma to Great Britain, which was under attack by Germany" 

As Medical Supervisor, Blood Plasma Division, Charles R. Drew was the lead author of Part II: "Medical report submitted in behalf of the Board of Medical Control by the Medical Supervisor of the Blood Plasma Division, the Chairman of the Board, the Chairman of the Blood Plasma Committee, and the Assistant to the Board, Blood Plasma Division" (https://www.acs.org/content/acs/en/education/whatischemistry/african-americans-in-sciences/charles-richard-drew.html, accessed 5-2020).

Digital facsimile from U.S. National Library of Medicine at this link.



Subjects: AFRICAN AMERICANS & MEDICINE & BIOLOGY, THERAPEUTICS › Blood Transfusion
  • 13027

Kanon der Erdbestrahlung und seine Anwendung auf das Eiszeitenproblem.

Belgrade: Royal Serbian Academy, 1941.

Milanković’s masterwork on his astronomical theory of climate, which brought together all the mathematical elements underlying the theory of “Milanković cycles.” Milanković cycles are cyclical changes in a planet’s climate caused by the variations in its orbit, which affect the amount of solar radiation (insolation) the planet receives. On Earth these variations have played a decisive role in initiating the growth of glaciers, leading to at least five major periods of significantly colder temperatures (ice ages).

There have been two English transations:

Canon of insolation and the ice-age problem. English translation by the Israel Program for Scientific Translations. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Department of Commerce and National Science Foundation, 1969.

Canon of insolation and the ice-age problem. Pantic, N. editor, Belgrade: Zavod Nastavna Sredstva, 1998.

This theory was further developed to the point where it received widespread acceptance by James D. Hays, John Imbrie, and Nicholas Shackleton in their paper Variations in the Earth's Orbit: Pacemaker of the Ice Ages", Science 194, Issue 4270 (1976) 1121-1132. Using ocean sediment cores, their paper confirmed that oscillations in climate can be correlated with Earth's orbital variations of eccentricity, axial tilt, and precession around the Sun.


Subjects: BIOLOGY › Ecology / Environment, Bioclimatology
  • 13183

Bibliografia delle opere di Francesco Redi; segue la riproduzione della Lettera intorno all'invenzione degli occhiali scritta a Paolo Falconieri. Dall'edizione delle "Lettere" 1779-1795. By Dino Prandi.

Reggio-Emilia: Nironi & Prandi, 1941.


Subjects: BIBLIOGRAPHY › Bibliographies of Individual Authors, BIOLOGY › History of Biology
  • 13361

Bibliographie générale et méthodique d'Haiti. 2 vols.

Port-au-Prince, Haiti: Imprimerie de l'Etat, 1941.

Vol. 2, pp. 169-208 contains a comprehensive chronological account of medical publications printed in Haiti, or about medicine in Haiti, from the earliest imprints to 1941. Digital facsimile from ufdc.ufl.edu at this link.



Subjects: BIBLIOGRAPHY › Bibliographies of Specific Subjects, COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › Haiti
  • 4614.2

L’acropathie ulcéro-mutilante familiale.

Rev. neurol., 74, 193-212, 1942.

“Thévenard’s disease” – hereditary sensory neuropathy, earlier reported by Auguste Nélaton: Affection singulière des os du pied. Gaz. Hôp. Paris, 1852, 4, 13.



Subjects: NEUROLOGY › Diseases of the Nervous System
  • 1087

The isolation of a new oxidation-reduction enzyme from lemon peel (vitamin P).

Science, 96, 302-03, 1942.

Isolation of vitamin P (hespendin chalcone).



Subjects: NUTRITION / DIET › Vitamins
  • 532

Some aspects of early human development.

Amer. J. Obstet. Gynec., 44, 973-83; 1943, 45, 356., 1942.

Report of the youngest normal implanted fertilized human ovum, fertilization age about 7 1/2 days. Hertig and Rock published a more detailed study in Contr. Embryol. Carneg. Instn. 1945, 31, 65-84.



Subjects: BIOLOGY › Reproduction, EMBRYOLOGY, EMBRYOLOGY › Infertility, Reproductive Technology › In-Vitro Fertilization
  • 2137.30

A bibliography of aviation medicine.

Springfield, IL: Charles C Thomas, 1942.


Subjects: AVIATION Medicine, BIBLIOGRAPHY › Bibliographies of Specific Subjects
  • 145.67

The trophic-dynamic aspect of ecology.

Ecology, 23, 399-418., 1942.

“The birth of ecosystem ecology” (McIntosh). Lindeman described energy flow in ecosystems in a form amenable to productive abstract analysis. This paper introduced what came to be known as the "Ten percent law."



Subjects: BIOLOGY › Ecology / Environment
  • 2261

The treatment of burns.

Springfield, IL & Baltimore, MD: Charles C Thomas, 1942.

Contains some history of the subject and includes a valuable bibliography of 1,320 entries.



Subjects: Diseases Due to Physical Factors › Burns, Diseases Due to Physical Factors › History of Diseases Due to Physical Factors
  • 1958

Sulphamethazine: Clinical trial of a new sulphonamide.

Lancet, 1 (for 1942), 639-41, 1942.

Sulfadimidine (also spelled Sulphadimidine) with G. S. Smith, R. W. Luxton, W. A. Ramsay, and J. Goldman. [Also designated as Vol. 239 by publishers of The Lancet.]



Subjects: PHARMACOLOGY › PHARMACEUTICALS › Sulfonamides
  • 2237

Diffuse collagen disease; acute disseminated lupus erythematosus and diffuse scleroderma.

J. Amer. med. Assoc., 119, 331-32, 1942.

P. Klemperer, A. D. Pollack, and G. Baehr combined a number of diseases, hitherto regarded as unrelated, into an entity which they termed diffuse collagen disease.



Subjects: DERMATOLOGY, Medicine: General Works
  • 3159

A short history of cardiology.

Springfield, IL: Charles C Thomas, 1942.


Subjects: CARDIOLOGY › History of Cardiology
  • 2578.1

Sensitization to horse serum by means of adjuvants.

Proc. Soc. exp. Biol. (N.Y.), 49, 548-53, 1942.

Freund’s adjuvant. Freund’s procedure allowed adjuvants to be used for any antigen.



Subjects: IMMUNOLOGY › Immunization, WOMEN, Publications by › Years 1900 - 1999
  • 2578.2

Pneumococcus polysaccharide as a paralyzing agent on the mechanism of immunity in white mice.

J. Bact., 43, 94-5, 1942.


Subjects: IMMUNOLOGY, WOMEN, Publications by › Years 1900 - 1999
  • 2578.3

Experiments on transfer of cutaneous sensitivity to simple compounds.

Proc. Soc. exp. Biol. (N. Y.), 49, 688-90, 1942.

Cellular transfer of delayed hypersensitivity, establishing the criticial role of mononuclear cells in cellular immunity.



Subjects: IMMUNOLOGY
  • 2875

A simple indifferent electrocardiographic electrode of zero potential and a technique of obtaining augmented, unipolar, extremity leads.

Amer. Heart J., 23, 483-92, 1942.

Augmented unipolar leads.



Subjects: CARDIOLOGY › Tests for Heart & Circulatory Function › Electrocardiography, Electrodiagnosis
  • 2700.01

Metabolic studies on neoplasm of bone with the aid of radioactive strontium.

Am. J. med. Sci. 204, 521-530, 1942.

Radioisotopic bone scanning. With B. Low-Beer, H. Friedell, and J. Lawrence.



Subjects: Radiation Oncology, WOMEN, Publications by › Years 1900 - 1999
  • 3611.1

A ‘slide’ operation for inguinal and femoral hernia.

Brit. J. Surg., 29, 285-89, 1942.

The Tanner slide operation as a relaxing incision.



Subjects: SURGERY: General › Hernia
  • 3804

Syndrome characterized by gynecomastia, aspermatogenesis without A-Leydigism, and increased excretion of follicle-stimulating hormone.

J. clin. Endocr., 2, 615-27, 1942.

Klinefelter syndrome. With E. C. Reifenstein and F. Albright.



Subjects: ENDOCRINOLOGY
  • 3664.1

Zur Aetiologie der Hepatitis epidemica.

Münch. med. Wschr., 89, 76-79, 1942.

Transmission of infective hepatitis agent.



Subjects: HEPATOLOGY › Diseases of the Liver, INFECTIOUS DISEASE › Hepatitis
  • 3853

Application of radioactive iodine in therapy of Graves’s disease.

J. clin. Invest., 21, 624, 1942.


Subjects: ENDOCRINOLOGY › Thyroid , ONCOLOGY & CANCER › Radiation (Radiotherapy)
  • 2924

The rôle of hypersensitivity in periarteritis nodosa; as indicated by seven cases developing during serum sickness and sulfonamide therapy.

Bull. Johns Hopk. Hosp., 71, 123-35, 1942.

Rich considered hypersensitivity to be an important factor in the aetiology of periarteritis nodosa.



Subjects: CARDIOLOGY › CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE › Arterial Disease, PHARMACOLOGY › PHARMACEUTICALS › Sulfonamides
  • 4254

Natural history of Bright’s disease. Clinical, histological and experimental observations.

Lancet, 1, 1-7, 34-36, 72-76, 1942.

Ellis’s classification of nephritis.



Subjects: NEPHROLOGY › Renal Disease › Nephritis
  • 3412

The surgical treatment of deafness.

Illinois med. J., 81, 104-08, 1942.

Shambaugh improved the technique of the fenestration operation. See also Ann. Otol. (St. Louis), 1942, 51, 817-25.



Subjects: OTOLOGY › Deafness, OTOLOGY › Otologic Surgery & Procedures
  • 2992

Successful removal of hemangioma of the lung followed by the disappearance of polycythemia.

Amer. J. med. Sci., 204, 681-85, 1942.

First successful excision of arteriovenous aneurysm of the lung.



Subjects: CARDIOLOGY › CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE › Aneurysms, PULMONOLOGY
  • 4154

Dermatite papulo-squameuse atrophiante.

Bull. Soc. franç. Derm. Syph. 49, 148-50, 281, 1942.

“Degos’s disease”, malignant atrophic papulosis. With J. Delort and R. Tricot. Earlier described by W. Köhlmeier, Frankf. Z. Path., 1940, 54, 413.



Subjects: DERMATOLOGY › Specific Dermatoses
  • 4404.01
  • 5764

The use of preserved bone grafts in orthopaedic surgery.

J. Bone Jt. Surg., 24, 81-96, 1942.

These studies form the basis of the modern use of bone preserved by refrigeration.



Subjects: ORTHOPEDICS › Orthopedic Surgery & Treatments › Bone Grafts, TRANSPLANTATION
  • 5724

The use of curare in general anesthesia.

Anesthesiology, 3, 418-20, 1942.

Introduction of curare in anesthesia.



Subjects: ANESTHESIA, WOMEN, Publications by › Years 1900 - 1999
  • 5508

Transmission of rubella to Macacus mulatta monkeys.

Publ. Hlth. Rep. (Wash.), 57, 1126-39, 1942.

Successful transmission of rubella.



Subjects: INFECTIOUS DISEASE › Rubella & Allied Conditions
  • 5302

Transmission of Indian kala-azar to man by the bites of Phlebotomus argentipes, Ann. and Brun.

Indian J. med. Res., 30, 473-77, 1942.

Successful transmission of kala-azar to man by the bite of Phlebotomus argentipes reported, showing it to be the vector of Leishmania. With H. E. Shortt and L. A. P. Anderson.



Subjects: EPIDEMIOLOGY, INDIA, Practice of Medicine in, INFECTIOUS DISEASE › VECTOR-BORNE DISEASES › Sandfly-Borne Diseases › Leishmaniasis
  • 5766

Plastic surgery of the breast and abdominal wall.

Springfield, IL: Charles C Thomas, 1942.


Subjects: PLASTIC & RECONSTRUCTIVE SURGERY, PLASTIC & RECONSTRUCTIVE SURGERY › Mammaplasty
  • 5811

The history and evolution of surgical instruments.

New York: Schuman, 1942.


Subjects: INSTRUMENTS & TECHNOLOGIES › History of Biomedical Instrumentation
  • 5989

Extreme prematurity and fibroblastic overgrowth of persistent vascular sheath behind each crystalline lens. I. Preliminary report.

Amer. J. Ophthal., 25, 203-04, 1942.

Retrolental fibroplasia first described. See also the same volume, pp. 1409-23, and Trans. Sect. Ophthal. Amer. med. Ass., 1942, 213-29, for later papers.



Subjects: OPHTHALMOLOGY
  • 6232.1

Continuous caudal anesthesia during labor and delivery.

Curr. Res. Anesth. Analg., 21, 301-11, 1942.


Subjects: ANESTHESIA, OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › OBSTETRICS
  • 6436

Source book of medical history.

New York: Hoeber, 1942.

Reprinted, Dover Publications, 1960.



Subjects: History of Medicine: General Works
  • 6651

ACTA HISTORICA SCIENTIARUM NATURALIUM ET MEDICINALIUM. 1-, Kobenhavn, Odense,

Copenhagen & Odense, Denmark, 1942.

Monographic series.



Subjects: Periodicals Specializing in the History of Medicine & the Life Sciences
  • 255

Evolution: The modern synthesis.

London: Allen & Unwin, 1942.

The work which defined the modern synthesis of evolutionary biology of the early 20th century.



Subjects: BIOLOGY, EVOLUTION
  • 255.1

Systematics and the origin of species.

New York: Columbia University Press, 1942.

One of the canonical publications of the modern evolutionary synthesis. Mayr discussed the different ways different investigators identify species, and he characterized these different approaches as different species concepts. He also argued strongly for what came to be called a Biological Species Concept (BSC)—that a species consists of populations of organisms that can reproduce with one another, and that are reproductively isolated from other such populations.

 



Subjects: EVOLUTION
  • 7400

Contact lenses.

Philadelphia: Chilton Company, 1942.

The first book on contact lenses, recording attempts over the previous hundred years to fit a lens in direct contact with the eye. Digital facsimile from the Hathi Trust at this link.



Subjects: OPHTHALMOLOGY
  • 8946

Catálogo das obras da colecção portuguesa anteriores a fundação das Regias Escolas de Cirurgia (1825). 2 vols.

Lisbon: Faculdade de Medicina de Lisboa, 1942.

(Thanks to Richard Ramer for this reference.)



Subjects: BIBLIOGRAPHY › Catalogues of Institutional Medical Libraries, COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › Portugal
  • 9217

Ornithologists of the United States Army Medical Corps, thirty-six biographies.

Baltimore, MD: The Johns Hopkins University Press, 1942.


Subjects: MILITARY MEDICINE & HYGIENE › History of Military Medicine, ZOOLOGY › Ornithology
  • 9284

A study of Delaware Indian medicine practice and folk beliefs.

Harrisburg, PA: Pennsylvania Historical Commission, 1942.

Digital facsimile from the Internet Archive at this link.



Subjects: BOTANY › Ethnobotany, NATIVE AMERICANS & Medicine, TRADITIONAL, Folk or Indigenous Medicine, U.S.: CONTENT OF PUBLICATIONS BY STATE & TERRITORY › Delaware
  • 9824

The United States Exploring Expedition and its publications, 1844–1874: A bibliography

New York: New York Public Library, 1942.

Reprinted with additions and corrections from the Bulletin of the New York Public Library of February 1940 and January, July and October 1941.



Subjects: BIBLIOGRAPHY › Bibliographies of Natural History, VOYAGES & Travels by Physicians, Surgeons & Scientists › History of Voyages & Travels by Physicians....
  • 12088

A doctor comes to California: The diary of John S. Griffin, Assistant Surgeon with Kearny's Dragoons, 1846-1847. Edited by George Walcott Ames, Jr.

San Francisco, CA: California Historical Society Quarterly, 21, 193-224, 333-357; 22, 41-66, 19421943.

"In 1840, Griffin was appointed assistant surgeon in the Army and served under General William J. Worth in Florida and, with the rank of captain, on the Southwest frontier at Fort Gibson, Griffin came to California for the first time with General Kearney on the trek from New Mexico in 1846. He was stationed in San Diego and in Los Angeles in charge of the military hospitals, visited the California Gold Country during the 1849 Gold Rush and was stationed in Benicia until 1852. In that period he was given duty in an expedition against the Yuma Indians on the Colorado River. He was assigned to Washington, D.C., in 1853 and resigned from the service in 1854.[3][4][7]

"Doctor Griffin's story concerns the hardships endured by General Kearney's small force as it crossed the unknown and trackless deserts, and it recounts what took place in the battles of San PascualSan GabrielLa Mesa and Los Angeles, and reveals his methods of treatment for wounds and diseases afflicting the soldiers in his charge. The narrative is most interesting.[8]

"Before joining the Army, Griffin practiced for three years in Louisville, Kentucky, and returned to Los Angeles after he left the service.[3][4] In Griffin's obituary, the Los Angeles Times noted that:

"Physicians were scarce in those days, and a man with a university education and seventeen years' experience as army surgeon and general pratictioner was instantly welcomed and called to minister to the ailments of all the best people around. Like a circuit rider he journeyed up and down Southern California to answer to the calls of American settlers and Spanish patrons.[3]

"Griffin is said to have been the "second pioneer educated physician to arrive in Los Angeles," the first being Richard Den, who came in 1843.[4]

"One of his staff was Bridget (Biddy) Mason, who worked for him as a midwife and nurse, becoming known for her herbal remedies. She earned $2.50 a day, considered a good wage for African-American women at that time. In 1856, Mason had been declared a person "free forever" in a successful suit she filed as a slave brought from slave-holding Texas into the free state of California in 1851. The judge rendering the decision was Benjamin Hayes, the brother of Griffin's wife.[10][11]"

(Wikipedia article on John Strother Griffin, accessed 4-2020)

Digital facsimile from militarymuseum.org at this link.



Subjects: MILITARY MEDICINE & HYGIENE, U.S.: CONTENT OF PUBLICATIONS BY STATE & TERRITORY › California
  • 12108

Influenza: A survey of the last fifty years in the light of modern work on the virus of epidemic influenza.

Melbourne & London, 1942.


Subjects: EPIDEMIOLOGY › Pandemics › Influenza, INFECTIOUS DISEASE › Influenza
  • 12392

Of time and the physician. The autobiography of Lewellys F. Barker.

New York: G. P. Putnam’s Sons, 1942.

Barker succeeded William Osler as physician-in-chief of the Johns Hopkins Hospital. His autobiography provides insight into a keyt period in the history of Johns Hopkins. Digital facsimile from the Hathi Trust at this link.



Subjects: BIOGRAPHY (Reference Works) › Autobiography, HOSPITALS
  • 13316

The epigenotype.

Endeavour 1, 18-20, 1942.

Waddington coined the term epigenetics: "For the purpose of a study of inheritance, the relation between phenotypes and genotypes [...] is, from a wider biological point of view, of crucial importance, since it is the kernel of the whole problem of development. Many geneticists have recognized this and attempted to discover the processes involved in the mechanism by which the genes of the genotype bring about phenotypic effects. The first step in such an enterprise is – or rather should be, since it is often omitted by those with an undue respect for the powers of reason – to describe what can be seen of the developmental processes. For enquiries of this kind, the word 'phenogenetics' was coined by Haecker [1918, Phänogenetik]. The second and more important part of the task is to discover the causal mechanisms at work, and to relate them as far as possible to what experimental embryology has already revealed of the mechanics of development. We might use the name 'epigenetics' for such studies, thus emphasizing their relation to the concepts, so strongly favourable to the classical theory of epigenesis, which have been reached by the experimental embryologists. We certainly need to remember that between genotype and phenotype, and connecting them to each other, there lies a whole complex of developmental processes. It is convenient to have a name for this complex: 'epigenotype' seems suitable."



Subjects: GENETICS / HEREDITY › Epigenetics
  • 13615

Social insurance and allied services.

London: His Majesty's Stationery Office, 1942.

Beveridge's "... report to Parliament on Social Insurance and Allied Services was published in November 1942. It proposed that all people of working age should pay a weekly national insurance contribution. In return, benefits would be paid to people who were sick, unemployed, retired or widowed. Beveridge argued that this system would provide a minimum standard of living "below which no one should be allowed to fall". It recommended that the government should find ways of fighting the "five giants on the road of reconstruction" of Want, Disease, Ignorance, Squalor and Idleness. Beveridge included as one of three fundamental assumptions the fact that there would be a National Health Service of some sort, a policy already being worked on in the Ministry of Health" (Wikipedia article on Sir William Beveridge, accessed 9-2021).  Digital facsimile from pombo.free.fr at this link.



Subjects: Insurance, Health, POLITICS, MEDICAL › Health Insurance
  • 567

The discovery of the uses of colouring agents in biological microtechnique.

J. Quekett micr. Club, ser. 4, 1, 256-75., 1943.


Subjects: MICROBIOLOGY
  • 1088

Synthetic biotin.

Science, 97, 447-48, 1943.

Synthesis of biotin. With D. E. Wolf, R. Mozingo, and K. Folkers.



Subjects: NUTRITION / DIET › Vitamins
  • 1089

Zur Kenntnis des β-Biotins. 34. Mitteilung über pflanzliche Wachstumstoffe.

Hoppe-Seyl. Z. physiol. Chem., 279,140-52, 1943.

Isolation of α-biotin.



Subjects: NUTRITION / DIET › Vitamins
  • 1040

Radioactive iron absorption by gastro-intestinal tract. Influence of anemia, anoxia, and antecedent feeding distribution in growing dogs.

J. exp. Med., 78, 169-88, 1943.

An important contribution to the knowledge of iron absorption. With W. F. Bale, J. F. Ross, W. M. Balfour, and G. H. Whipple.



Subjects: GASTROENTEROLOGY › Anatomy & Physiology of Digestion
  • 1040.1

Pancreozymin, a stimulant of the secretion of pancreatic enzymes in extracts of the small intestine.

J. Physiol. (Lond.), 102, 115-25, 1943.


Subjects: GASTROENTEROLOGY › Anatomy & Physiology of Digestion
  • 1041

Human gastric function. An experimental study of a man and his stomach.

New York: Oxford University Press, 1943.

Important experiments on gastric function, made on “Tom”, a man who had a gastric fistula from the age of 9. Second edition in 1947.



Subjects: GASTROENTEROLOGY › Anatomy & Physiology of Digestion, PSYCHOSOMATIC MEDICINE
  • 1174

Adrenocorticotropic hormone.

J. biol. Chem., 149, 413-24, 1943.

Choh Hao Li and colleagues Isolated pure adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) from sheep pituitary glands. 



Subjects: Ductless Glands: Internal Secretion › Pituitary, WOMEN, Publications by › Years 1900 - 1999
  • 1175

Preparation and properties of pituitary adrenocorticotropic hormone.

J. biol. Chem., 149, 425-36, 1943.

Isolation of ACTH from swine pituitaries. 



Subjects: Ductless Glands: Internal Secretion › Pituitary
  • 2027.1

Advantages of a disodium-citrate-glucose mixture as a blood preservative.

Brit. med. J., 2, 744-5, 1943.

This work made possible the storage of whole blood for up to three weeks.



Subjects: THERAPEUTICS › Blood Transfusion
  • 1665

Cleanliness and godliness.

London: Allen & Unwin, 1943.

A history of sewage disposal, the privy, and related matters.



Subjects: PUBLIC HEALTH › History of Public Health
  • 1666

The conquest of epidemic diseases. A chapter in the history of ideas.

Princeton, NJ: University Press, 1943.

Reprinted 1980.



Subjects: INFECTIOUS DISEASE › History of Infectious Disease, PUBLIC HEALTH › History of Public Health
  • 2136

The history of miners’ diseases. A medical and social interpretation.

New York: Schuman's, 1943.


Subjects: OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH & MEDICINE › History of Occupational Health & Medicine, OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH & MEDICINE › Miners' Diseases, Social or Sociopolitical Histories of Medicine & the Life Sciences
  • 1928.1

Partialsynthese von Alkaloiden vom Typus des Ergobasins.

Helv. chim. Acta, 26, 944-65, 1943.

Synthesis of lysergic acid diethylamide (LSD).



Subjects: PHARMACOLOGY › PHARMACEUTICALS › Ergot › Lysergic Acid Diethylamide (LSD), PSYCHIATRY › Psychopharmacology
  • 1934.2

Penicillamine, a characteristic degradation product of penicillin.

Nature (Lond.), 151, 107 (only), 1943.

With W. Baker.



Subjects: PHARMACOLOGY › PHARMACEUTICALS › Antibiotics › Penicillin
  • 2441

The promin treatment of leprosy. A progress report.

Publ. Hlth Rep. (Wash.), 58, 1729-41, 1943.

Promin (sodium glucosulphone) introduced in the treatment of leprosy. With R. C. Pogge, F. A. Johansen, J. F. Dinan, B. M. Prejean, and C. G. Eccles.



Subjects: INFECTIOUS DISEASE › Leprosy, PHARMACOLOGY › PHARMACEUTICALS › Anti-Leprosy Drugs
  • 2418

Penicillin treatment of early syphilis. A preliminary report.

Vener. Dis. Inform., 24, 355-57; also in Amer. J. publ. Hlth., 33, 1387-91, 1943, 1943.

Mahoney and colleagues introduced penicillin in treatment of syphilis. This was the report of the first four cases of patients with early stages of the disease. Digital facsimile of the version published in the the American Journal of Public Health from PubMedCentral at this link.

See John Parascandola, "John Mahoney and the introduction of penicillin to treat syphilis," Pharmacy in history, 43 (2001) 3-13.



Subjects: INFECTIOUS DISEASE › SEXUALLY TRANSMITTED DISEASES › Syphilis, PHARMACOLOGY › PHARMACEUTICALS › Antibiotics › Penicillin
  • 3557

Supra-diaphragmatic section of the vagus nerves in treatment of duodenal ulcer.

Proc. Soc. exp. Biol. (N.Y.), 53, 152-54, 1943.

Vagotomy for peptic ulcer.



Subjects: GASTROENTEROLOGY › Diseases of the Digestive System › Gastric / Duodenal Ulcer
  • 2578.4

The fate of skin homografts in man.

J. Anat. (Lond), 77, 299-310, 1943.

Gibson and Medawar placed the laws of transplantation on a firm scientific basis. A later paper by Medawar (J. Anat. [Lond.], 1944, 78, 176- 99) demonstrated that the mechanism of rejection of transplanted tissues is immunological in character.



Subjects: IMMUNOLOGY, TRANSPLANTATION, TRANSPLANTATION › Skin Grafting
  • 3854

Treatment of hyperthyroidism with thiourea and thiouracil.

J. Amer. med. Assoc., 122, 78-81, 1943.

Astwood was the first to treat human cases of hyperthyroidism with thiourea and thiouracil.



Subjects: ENDOCRINOLOGY › Thyroid
  • 4010

Technique de traitement du lupus tuberculeux.

Ann. Derm. Syph. (Paris), 8 sér., 3, 331, 1943.

Introduction of calciferol in the treatment of lupus. A more extensive report, “Le traitement des tuberculoses cutanées par la vitamine D2 à hautes doses”, appeared in the same journal, 1946, 8 sér., 6, 310-46.



Subjects: DERMATOLOGY
  • 4911

Three types of nerve injury.

Brain, 66, 237-88, 1943.

Seddon’s classification of nerve injuries.



Subjects: NEUROLOGY › Nerve Injuries
  • 4912

Plasma clot and silk suture of nerves. 1. An experimental study of comparative tissue reaction.

Surg. Gynec. Obstet., 76, 366-74, 1943.

Plasma clot nerve suture. Preliminary communication in Science, 1942, 95, 258.



Subjects: NEUROSURGERY
  • 5509

Congenital defects in infants following infectious diseases during pregnancy.

Med. J. Aust., 2, 201-10, 1943.

Figures demonstrating that rubella in the first or second month of pregnancy always results in an abnormal infant. With A. L. Tostevin, B. Moore, H. Mayo, and G. H. B. Black.



Subjects: GENETICS / HEREDITY › HEREDITARY / CONGENITAL DISEASES OR DISORDERS, INFECTIOUS DISEASE › Rubella & Allied Conditions, OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › OBSTETRICS, PEDIATRICS
  • 5765

Skin grafting. A new method based on the principles of tissue culture.

Amer. J. Surg., 61, 105-06, 1943.

First use of fibrin glue for skin grafting. See also Surg. Gynec. Obstet., 1943, 77, 510-13.



Subjects: PLASTIC & RECONSTRUCTIVE SURGERY › Skin Grafting, TRANSPLANTATION › Skin Grafting, WOMEN, Publications by › Years 1900 - 1999
  • 5768.1
  • 6005

Reconstructive surgery of the eyelids.

St. Louis, MO: C. V. Mosby Co., 1943.

Most of this work is a very carefully documented history of the subject. Bibliography of 451 references.



Subjects: OPHTHALMOLOGY › History of Ophthalmology, OPHTHALMOLOGY › Ophthalmic Plastic Surgery, PLASTIC & RECONSTRUCTIVE SURGERY › History of Plastic Surgery
  • 5812

History of surgery

New York: Froben Press, 1943.


Subjects: SURGERY: General › History of Surgery
  • 5990

Epidemic keratoconjunctivitis. I. Isolation and identification of a filterable virus.

J. exp. Med., 77, 71-96, 1943.


Subjects: EPIDEMIOLOGY, OPHTHALMOLOGY , VIROLOGY
  • 6636

History of nursing.

St. Louis, MO: C. V. Mosby Co., 1943.

Second edition, History and trends of professional nursing, 1950.



Subjects: NURSING › History of Nursing, WOMEN in Medicine & the Life Sciences, Publications About, WOMEN, Publications by › Years 1900 - 1999
  • 5214.1

Use of penicillin in sulfonamide resistant gonorrheal infections.

J. Amer. med. Assoc., 122, 289-92, 1943.

With E. N. Cook and L. Thompson.



Subjects: INFECTIOUS DISEASE › SEXUALLY TRANSMITTED DISEASES › Gonorrhoea & Trichomonas Infection, PHARMACOLOGY › Drug Resistance, PHARMACOLOGY › PHARMACEUTICALS › Antibiotics › Penicillin
  • 6305

The genealogy of gynaecology. History of the development of gynaecology throughout the ages 2000 B.C.-A.D. 1800.

Philadelphia: Blakiston, 1943.

Second edition, 1950.



Subjects: OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › GYNECOLOGY › History of Gynecology
  • 6544

The state of medicine in Ireland. Carmichael prize essay.

Dublin: Parkside Press, 1943.


Subjects: COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › Ireland
  • 6357

Pioneers of pediatrics. 2nd ed.

New York: Froben Press, 1943.


Subjects: PEDIATRICS › History of Pediatrics
  • 6357.58

Congenital atresia of the esophagus with tracheo-esophageal fistula. Extrapleural ligation of fistula and end-to-end anastomosis of esophageal segments.

Surg. Gynecol. Obstet., 76, 672-88, 1943.

Ablation of the tracheo-oesophageal fistula and primary end-to-end oesophageal anastomosis, first achieved in 1941.



Subjects: GENETICS / HEREDITY › HEREDITARY / CONGENITAL DISEASES OR DISORDERS › Atresia, Pediatric Surgery
  • 6779

The Harvey Cushing collection of books and manuscripts.

New York: Schuman's, 1943.

Catalogue, without annotations, of the books and manuscripts bequeathed by Cushing to the Historical Library in the Cushing/Whitney Medical Library at Yale University School of Medicine. Much like Osler, Cushing collected science as well as medicine.

Regarding Cushing as a collector see:



Subjects: BIBLIOGRAPHY › Book Collecting, BIBLIOGRAPHY › Catalogues of Physicians' / Scientists' Libraries
  • 6437

British medicine and the Vienna School: contacts and parallels.

London: Heinemann, 1943.


Subjects: History of Medicine: General Works
  • 6657

GESNERUS: Vierteljahrsschrift für Geschichte der Medizin und der Naturwissenschaften. 1-

Arrau, 1943.

The latest issue may viewed at www.gesnerus.ch.



Subjects: Periodicals Specializing in the History of Medicine & the Life Sciences
  • 214

The skull of Sinanthropus pekinensis: A comparative study on a primitive hominid skull.

Geological Survey of China, New series D, No. 10 , 1943.

Digital facsimikle from the Internet Archive at this link.



Subjects: ANTHROPOLOGY › Physical Anthropology, COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › China, People's Republic of, EVOLUTION › Human Origins / Human Evolution
  • 6937

La raccolta Vittorio Putti; antiche opere di medicina manoscritte e stampate lasciate all'Istituto Rizzoli di Bologna, compiled by Tamarro de Marinis.

Milan: Istituto Grafico Bertieri, 1943.

Description of the 1158 manuscripts and printed volumes, particularly concerning medieval and renaissance medicine and surgery, donated by Putti to the Rizzoli Institute, followed by a listing of the collection of medical and scientific autographs collected by Putti. Limited to 200 copies printed at the expense of Contessa Carolina Rasponi. Reprinted, Bologna: A. Forni, 1963 as Catalogo della Raccolta Vittorio Putti.



Subjects: BIBLIOGRAPHY › Catalogues of Physicians' / Scientists' Libraries
  • 7347

An atlas of the basal ganglia, brain stem and spinal cord, Based on myelin-stained material.

Baltimore, MD: Williams & Wilkins, 1943.

"Classic atlas of the human brain (excluding the cerebral and cerebellar cortex). Each structure has a blurb with varying amounts of useful historical and factual information. There is also a very useful bibliography arranged according to major CNS regions. Most importantly, there are over 250 meticulously labeled photographs of sections in the three standard planes of section" (Larry W. Swanson).



Subjects: ANATOMY › 20th Century, ANATOMY › Neuroanatomy
  • 7357

A logical calculus of the ideas immanent in nervous activity.

Bull. Math. Biophys., 5, 115-133, 1943.

This paper described the McCulloch-Pitts neuron, the first mathematical model of a neural network. Digital text available at this link.



Subjects: Artificial Intelligence in Medicine , COMPUTING/MATHEMATICS in Medicine & Biology, NEUROSCIENCE › Computational Neuroscience
  • 7625

Autistic disturbances of affective contact.

Nervous Child, 2, 217–250, 1943.

The first description of “early infantile autism” as a disorder marked by extreme detachment, self-isolation, inability to form relationships, frequent failure to acquire communicative abilities, and preoccupation with sameness.



Subjects: NEUROLOGY › Child Neurology, NEUROLOGY › Neurodevelopmental Disorders › Autism, PSYCHIATRY › Child Psychiatry
  • 7895

GESNERUS: Revue Trimestrielle publiée par la Société d'Histoire de la Médecine et des Sciences Naturelles. Current title: GESNERUS: Swiss Journal of the History of Medicine and Sciences. 1-

Lausanne, 1943.


Subjects: Periodicals Specializing in the History of Medicine & the Life Sciences
  • 8096

A bio-bibliography of Andreas Vesalius.

New York: Schuman's, 1943.

The standard annotated bibliography of Vesalius's works, known for its unusual system of numbering entries. Posthumously edited for publication by John F. Fulton and Arturo Castiglioni. Digital facsimile of the 1943 edition from whitney.yale.edu at this link. Second edition with addenda, Hamden, CT: Archon Books, 1962. See also Elly Cockx-Indestege, Andreas Vesalius: A Belgian census: Contribution towards a new edition of H.W. Cushing's Bibliography (Brussels, 1994).

 



Subjects: ANATOMY › 16th Century, ANATOMY › Anatomical Illustration, ANATOMY › History of Anatomy, BIBLIOGRAPHY › Bibliographies of Individual Authors, Renaissance Medicine › History of Renaissance Medicine
  • 8180

Kaiser wakes the doctors.

New York: Harcourt, Brace & Company, 1943.

The first book on what became the Kaiser Permanente health plan, initially set up by Henry J. Kaiser to provide health care for his 200,000 workers.



Subjects: ECONOMICS, BIOMEDICAL, Insurance, Health › History of Health Insurance
  • 8554

Women healers in medieval life and literature.

New York: King's Crown Press, 1943.

Digital facsimile from the Hathi Trust at this link.



Subjects: LITERATURE / Philosophy & Medicine & Biology, MEDIEVAL MEDICINE › History of Medieval Medicine, WOMEN in Medicine & the Life Sciences, Publications About, WOMEN, Publications by › Years 1900 - 1999
  • 8590

Exploring the dangerous trades: The autobiography of Alice Hamilton.

Boston, MA: Little, Brown, 1943.

Digital facsimile from the Internet Archive at this link.



Subjects: BIOGRAPHY (Reference Works) › Autobiography, OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH & MEDICINE , WOMEN in Medicine & the Life Sciences, Publications About, WOMEN, Publications by › Years 1900 - 1999
  • 8762

Civilization and disease.

Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 1943.

Study of the effect of disease on economics, law, religion and science.



Subjects: RELIGION & Medicine & the Life Sciences, Social or Sociopolitical Histories of Medicine & the Life Sciences
  • 9216

Victories of army medicine: Scientific accomplishments of the Medical Department of the United States Army.

Philadelphia: J. B. Lippincott, 1943.


Subjects: MILITARY MEDICINE & HYGIENE › History of Military Medicine
  • 9352

The art of falconry, being the De arte venandi cum avibus of Frederick II of Hohenstaufen.

Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press, 1943.

English translation of the six-book version of Frederick's work, edited, with numerous appendices, illustrations, and an annotated bibliography of ancient, medieval and modern falconry, by Casey A. Wood and F. Marjorie Fyfe. 



Subjects: Medieval Zoology, ZOOLOGY › Ornithology
  • 9379

Shipwreck-survivors: A medical study.

London: J. & A. Churchill, 1943.

Probably one of the first books on the medical aspects of this particular subject. "In this lecture it will be our purpose, first to describe the various ordeals which befall men after their ship has been lost, the clinical effect of these privations, and the physiological problems entailed; and secondly to consider the possible measures for the alleviation of the vicissitudes in question" (p. 2). Critchley discusses "the hazards and their attendant effects under the following heads: (1) excessive cold and wet, with their general and local effects; (2) thirst due to inadequate water supply; (3) inanition and hunger, from inadequate food; (4) tropical conditions; and (5) the psychological effects of cumulated mental and physical distress" (p.4).



Subjects: Maritime Medicine, Survival Medicine
  • 10952

Transmission of West Nile virus by infected Aedes albopictus.

Proc. Soc. Exp. Biol., 53, 49-50, 1943.

The authors demonstrated that the Aedes albopictus mosquito is the vector of West Nile virus.

(Thanks to Juan Weiss for this reference and its interpretation.)



Subjects: INFECTIOUS DISEASE › VECTOR-BORNE DISEASES › Mosquito-Borne Diseases › West Nile Virus , VIROLOGY
  • 11259

The psychiatric novels of Oliver Wendell Holmes. By Clarence P. Oberndorf.

New York: Columbia University Press, 1943.

A classically trained Freudian psychoanalyst reviewed the psychiatric insights - advanced for his time - that Holmes expressed in his novels.



Subjects: LITERATURE / Philosophy & Medicine & Biology, PSYCHIATRY › History of Psychiatry
  • 11284

One hundred years, 1843-1943.

Philadelphia: Blakiston, 1943.

A relatively brief anonymous account of the first century of activity the medical publisher, Blakiston.



Subjects: BIBLIOGRAPHY › Medical Publishers, Histories of
  • 11332

Catalogue of the Ferguson collection of books mainly relating to alchemy, chemistry, witchcraft and gypsies in the Library of the University of Glasgow. 2 vols. including Supplement (1955).

Glasgow: Maclehose, 19431955.

Due to wartime paper rationing only 40 copies of the first printing of the catalogue were published when it was issued in 1943; it was reprinted in the 21st century. Ferguson is best known as the author of the extensively annotated catalogue of the Young collection of alchemy and early chemistry. However, this catalogue of around 7500 items on 900 pages demonstrates that Ferguson's personal library surpassed that of Young in various respects.

 


Subjects: BIBLIOGRAPHY › Bibliographies of Specific Subjects, BIBLIOGRAPHY › Catalogues of Physicians' / Scientists' Libraries, Chemistry, Chemistry › Alchemy
  • 11669

Aviation medicine.

Kapstadt (Cape Town): Unie-Volkspers Beperk, 1943.


Subjects: AVIATION Medicine
  • 12123

Correspondence inédite entre Réaumur et Abraham Trembley, comprenant 113 lettres, recueillies et annotées par Maurice Trembley. Introduction par Emile Guyenot.

Geneva: Georg & Cie, 1943.


Subjects: BIOLOGY › Regeneration, NATURAL HISTORY › History of Natural History
  • 12192

Barometric pressure: Researches in experimental physiology. Translated from the French by Mary Alice Hitchcock and Fred A. Hitchcock. [Foreward by John F. Fulton].

Columbus, OH: College Book Company, 1943.

Digital facsimile from the Internet Archive at this link.



Subjects: Altitude or Undersea Physiology & Medicine, RESPIRATION › Respiratory Physiology
  • 13597

Diagnosis of uterine cancer by the vaginal smear.

New York: The Commonwealth Fund, 1943.

"In 1943, after a three-year period of concentrated collaborative experience with the vaginal smear for the diagnosis of gynecologic cancer, Papanicolaou and Traut published their widely heralded monograph, Diagnosis of Uterine Cancer by the Vaginal Smear.... This report encompassed a variety of physiologic and pathologic states, including the menstrual cycle, puerperium, abortion, ectopic pregnancy, prepuberty, menopause, amenorrhea, endometrial hyperplasia, vaginal and cervical infections, and 179 cases of uterine cancer, 127 cervical and 52 corporeal" (Speert, Obstetric & gynecologic milestones, p. 289).

(Thanks to Juan Weiss for this reference and its interpretation.)



Subjects: OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › GYNECOLOGY, ONCOLOGY & CANCER › Carcinoma, PATHOLOGY › Cytopathology
  • 356

A history of comparative anatomy: From Aristotle to the eighteenth century.

London: Macmillan, 1944.

Reprinted, Dover Publications, 1978.



Subjects: COMPARATIVE ANATOMY › History of Comparative Anatomy
  • 4615

Iodinated organic compounds as contrast media for radiographic diagnoses. III. Experimental and clinical myelography with ethyl iodophenylundecylate (pantopaque).

Radiology, 43, 230-35, 1944.

Introduction of “pantopaque” for diagnosis of cerebral tumors. With C. E. Dungan, J. B. Furst, J. T. Plati, S. W. Smith, A. P. Darling, and E. C. Wolcott.



Subjects: NEUROLOGY › Diseases of the Nervous System, NEUROLOGY › Neuroradiology
  • 859

Cardiac output in man by a direct Fick method.

Brit. Heart J., 6, 33-40, 1944.


Subjects: CARDIOLOGY › CARDIOVASCULAR PHYSIOLOGY
  • 4689.1

Penicillin in the treatment of meningitis.

J. Amer. med. Assoc., 125, 1011-17, 1944.


Subjects: INFECTIOUS DISEASE › Neuroinfectious Diseases › Meningitis, NEUROLOGY › Inflammatory Conditions › Cerebrospinal Meningitis, PHARMACOLOGY › PHARMACEUTICALS › Antibiotics › Penicillin
  • 2189

Galen on medical experience. First edition of the Arabic version with English translation and notes, by R. Walzer.

London: Oxford University Press, 1944.


Subjects: ANCIENT MEDICINE › Roman Empire
  • 532.1

In vitro ferilization and cleavage of human ovarian eggs.

Science, 100, 105-07, 1944.

First in vitro fertilization of human eggs.



Subjects: EMBRYOLOGY › Infertility, Reproductive Technology › In-Vitro Fertilization, WOMEN, Publications by › Years 1900 - 1999
  • 751.2
  • 912.4

Chemical, clinical, and immunological studies on the products of human plasma fractionation. I. The characterization of the protein fractions of human plasma.

J. clin. Invest., 23, 417-32, 1944.

Cohn invented fractionation of plasma proteins, also called blood fractionation. (Order of authorship in the original publication: Cohn, Oncley, Strong, Hughes, Armstrong.) Digital facsimile from PubMedCentral at this link.



Subjects: BIOCHEMISTRY, HEMATOLOGY
  • 2028

Untersuchungen über Dextran und sein Verhalten bei parenteraler Zufuhr.

Acta physiol. scand., 7, 97-107, 1944.

Introduction of dextran as plasma substitute.



Subjects: HEMATOLOGY, THERAPEUTICS › Blood Transfusion
  • 1928.2

The in vitro bacteriostatic action of some simple furan derivatives.

J. Pharmacol., 82, 11-18, 1944.

Nitrofuran (nitrofurazone).



Subjects: PHARMACOLOGY › PHARMACEUTICALS › Antibiotics
  • 1928.3

Über Konstitution und toxische Wirkung von natürlichen und neuen synthetischen insektentötenden Stoffen.

Helv. chim. Acta, 27, 892- 928, 1944.

Müller introduced Dichlordiphenyltrichlorethane (DDT) as an insecticide. He received the Nobel Prize in 1948 for his discovery of the high efficacy of DDT against several varieties of arthropod. With H. Martin and P. Läuger. 



Subjects: TOXICOLOGY, TOXICOLOGY › Insecticides
  • 1935

Streptomycin, a substance exhibiting antibiotic activity against Grampositive and Gram-negative bacteria.

Proc. Soc. exp. Biol. (N. Y.), 55, 66-69, 1944.

Order of authorship: Schatz, Bugie, Waksman. Introduction of streptomycin. Waksman received the Nobel Prize for this discovery; it has been argued that he did not give sufficient credit to the co-discoverers.



Subjects: PHARMACOLOGY › PHARMACEUTICALS › Antibiotics, WOMEN, Publications by › Years 1900 - 1999
  • 2432

Notable contributors to the knowledge of syphilis.

New York: Froeben Press, 1944.


Subjects: INFECTIOUS DISEASE › SEXUALLY TRANSMITTED DISEASES › Syphilis › History of Syphilis
  • 2442

Preliminary report on diasone in the treatment of leprosy.

Int. J. Leprosy, 12, 1-6, 1944.

Muir found diasone (a sulphone) valuable in the treatment of leprosy.



Subjects: INFECTIOUS DISEASE › Leprosy, PHARMACOLOGY, PHARMACOLOGY › PHARMACEUTICALS › Anti-Leprosy Drugs
  • 2447

Indice bibliográfico de lepra, 1560-1943. 3 vols.

São Paulo, Brazil, 19441948.

Supplements 1-5, 1952-62.



Subjects: BIBLIOGRAPHY › Bibliographies of Specific Diseases, COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › Brazil, INFECTIOUS DISEASE › Leprosy › History of Leprosy, WOMEN, Publications by › Years 1900 - 1999
  • 2605.2

Penetration of allergens into the human skin.

N. Y. State J. Med. 44, 2452-2459, 1944.

Proof that allergens that produce urticarial reactions can penetrate the skin from external contact and thus produce the reaction that the authors named “contact urticaria.” With F. Herrmann and R. Baer.



Subjects: ALLERGY, DERMATOLOGY
  • 2349.1

The pathogenesis of tuberculosis.

Springfield, IL: Charles C Thomas, 1944.

Classic work on the pathogenesis of tuberculosis and its immunology and hypersensitivity.



Subjects: INFECTIOUS DISEASE › Tuberculosis
  • 1766.605

Medical education in the United States before the Civil War.

Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 1944.

Reprint, New York, Arno Press, 1971.



Subjects: COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › United States , Education, Biomedical, & Biomedical Profession › History of Biomedical Education & Medical Profession
  • 2659.2

“Folic acid” a tumor growth inhibitor.

Proc. Soc. exp. Biol. (N.Y.), 55, 204-05, 1944.

Inhibition of tumor growth by a folic acid concentrate. With R. Lewisohn, D. Laszlo. These workers later (Proc. Soc. exp. Biol. N. Y., 1944, 56, 144-45) obtained similar results with xanthopterin.



Subjects: ONCOLOGY & CANCER, WOMEN, Publications by › Years 1900 - 1999
  • 2659.3

Influence of synthetic oestrogens upon advanced malignant disease.

Brit. med. J. 2, 393-98, 1944.

Administration of synthetic estrogens in advanced mammary cancer caused regression of tumors. With J. M. Watkinson, E. Paterson, and P. C. Koller.



Subjects: ONCOLOGY & CANCER, PHARMACOLOGY › PHARMACEUTICALS › Anti-Cancer Drugs
  • 3213.1

Studies on the etiology of primary atypical pneumonia. A filterable agent transmissible to cotton rats, hamsters, and chick embryos.

J. exp. Med., 79, 649-68, 1944.

The Eaton agent, isolated from primary atypical pneumonia. With G. Meiklejohn and W. van Herick.



Subjects: INFECTIOUS DISEASE › Pneumonia, RESPIRATION › Respiratory Diseases
  • 2725

Treatment of kidney disease and hypertensive vascular disease with rice diet.

N. Carol. med. J. 5, 125-33, 1944.

Kempner rice diet for the treatment of hypertension.



Subjects: CARDIOLOGY › CARDIOVASCULAR PHYSIOLOGY › Cardiovascular System › Diseases of Cardiovascular System, NEPHROLOGY › Renal Disease › Renal Hypertension
  • 3664.2

Transmission of infective hepatitis to human volunteers.

Lancet, 2, 228 (only), 1944.

MacCallum and Bradley finally proved the nature of both serum and infective hepatitis.



Subjects: HEPATOLOGY › Diseases of the Liver, INFECTIOUS DISEASE › Hepatitis
  • 3664.3

Homologous serum jaundice. Transmission experiments with human volunteers.

Lancet, 1, 622-7, 1944.


Subjects: HEPATOLOGY › Diseases of the Liver
  • 3665

The serum colloidal gold reactions as a liver function test.

Brit. J. exp. Path., 25, 15-20, 1944.


Subjects: HEPATOLOGY › Tests for Liver Function
  • 3666

The thymol turbidity test as an indicator of liver dysfunction.

Brit. J. exp. Path., 25, 234-41, 1944.


Subjects: HEPATOLOGY › Tests for Liver Function
  • 3924.1

Incipient myelomatosis or “essential” hyperglobulinemia with fibrino-genopenia – a new syndrome?

Acta. med. scand., 117, 216-47, 1944.

“Waldenström’s macroglobulinemia”.



Subjects: Metabolism & Metabolic Disorders
  • 4255

The artificial kidney: Dialyser with great area.

Acta med. scand., 117, 121-34, 1944.

The Kolff artificial kidney. With H. T. J. Berk and others. See also No. 1976.



Subjects: INSTRUMENTS & TECHNOLOGIES, NEPHROLOGY › Renal Disease › Dialysis
  • 3412.1

The ascertainment of deafness in infancy and early childhood.

J. Laryng. Otol., 59, 309-33, 1944.

Tests of hearing in children.



Subjects: OTOLOGY › Audiology › Hearing Tests, PEDIATRICS, WOMEN in Medicine & the Life Sciences, Publications About
  • 2992.1

Aortectomy for thoracic aneurysm.

J. Amer. med. Assoc., 126, 1139-45, 1944.

Resection of saccular aneurysm of thoracic aorta.



Subjects: CARDIOLOGY › CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE › Aneurysms, VASCULAR SURGERY
  • 3976.1

Analyse du mécanisme de l’action hypoglycémiante de p-aminobenzène-sulfamido-isopropylthiodiazol (2254 RP).

C. R. Soc. Biol. (Paris), 138, 766-7, 1944.

Loubatières initiated work on the hypoglycaemic sulphonamides. See his historical account in Ann. N.Y. Acad. Sci., 1957, 71, 4-11.



Subjects: Metabolism & Metabolic Disorders › Diabetes
  • 4404.02

Surgery of the hand.

Philadelphia: J. B. Lippincott, 1944.

Bunnell originated hand surgery as a specialty.



Subjects: ORTHOPEDICS › Orthopedic Surgery & Treatments › Hand / Wrist, PLASTIC & RECONSTRUCTIVE SURGERY › Hand, Surgery of
  • 5014

Studies in reflexes. History, psychology, synthesis and nomenclature.

Arch. Neurol. Psychiat., 51, 113-33, 414; 52, 341-58, 359-82, 1944.

Also published in book form, Chicago, 1945.



Subjects: NEUROLOGY › History of Neurology
  • 5398.3

The therapeutic effect of para-aminobenzic acid in louse-borne typhus fever.

J. Amer. med. Assoc., 126, 349-56, 1944.

With J. C. Snyder, E. S. Murray, C. J. D. Zarafonetis, and R. S. Ecke.



Subjects: BACTERIOLOGY › BACTERIA (mostly pathogenic; sometimes indexed only to genus) › Rickettsiales › Rickettsia › Rickettsia prowazekii , INFECTIOUS DISEASE › VECTOR-BORNE DISEASES › Lice-Borne Diseases › Typhus
  • 5449.1

Chemical, clinical, and immunological studies on the products of human plasma fractionation. XII. The use of concentrated normal human serum gamma globulin (human immune serum globulin) in the prevention and attenuation of measles.

J. clin. Invest., 23, 541-49, 1944.

Gamma globulin used for passive immunization against measles. With C. G. Jennings and C. A. Janeway.



Subjects: IMMUNOLOGY › Immunization, INFECTIOUS DISEASE › Measles
  • 6737

Notable names in medicine and surgery.

London: H. K. Lewis, 1944.

Biographical notes and portraits of men and women whose names are perpetuated in well-known medical eponyms. 3rd. edition 1959.



Subjects: BIOGRAPHY (Reference Works)
  • 6306

History of gynecology.

New York: Froben Press, 1944.


Subjects: OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › GYNECOLOGY › History of Gynecology
  • 6307

Caesarean section. The history and development of the operation from earliest times.

London: H. K. Lewis, 1944.


Subjects: OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › OBSTETRICS › History of Obstetrics
  • 6600

Aesculapius in Latin America.

Philadelphia: Saunders, 1944.


Subjects: COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › Latin America, Latin American Medicine › History of Latin American Medicine
  • 5259.2

The development of Plasmodium gallinaceum from sporozoite to erythrocytic trophozoite.

J. infect. Dis., 75, 231-49, 1944.

First detailed account of the full cycle of development of the avian malaria parasite P. gallinaceum.



Subjects: INFECTIOUS DISEASE › VECTOR-BORNE DISEASES › Mosquito-Borne Diseases › Malaria, PARASITOLOGY › Plasmodia, VETERINARY MEDICINE › Veterinary Parasitology
  • 255.2

Tempo and mode in evolution.

New York: Columbia University Press, 1944.

 Simpson's seminal contribution to the modern evolutionary synthesis integrated the facts of paleontology with those of genetics and natural selection.

"Simpson argued that the microevolution of population genetics was sufficient in itself to explain the patterns of macroevolution observed by paleontology. Simpson also highlighted the distinction between tempo and mode. "Tempo" encompasses "evolutionary rates . . . their acceleration and deceleration, the conditions of exceptionally slow or rapid evolutions, and phenomena suggestive of inertia and momentum", while "mode" embraces "the study of the way, manner, or pattern of evolution, a study in which tempo is a basic factor, but which embraces considerably more than tempo."

Simpson's Tempo and Mode attempted to draw out several distinct generalizations:

  • Evolution's tempo can impart information about its mode.
  • Multiple tempos can be found in the fossil record (bradytelic, tachytelic, horotelic).
  • The facts of paleontology are consistent with the genetical theory of natural selection. Moreover, theories such as orthogenesisLamarckism, mutation pressures, and macromutations either are false or play little to no role.
  • Most evolution—"nine-tenths"—occurs by the steady phyletic transformation of whole lineages (anagenesis). This contrasts with Ernst Mayr's interpretation of speciation by splitting, particularly allopatric and peripatric speciation.
  • The lack of evidence for evolutionary transitions in the fossil record is best accounted for, first, by the poorness of the geological record, and, second, as a consequence of quantum evolution (which is responsible for "the origin of taxonomic units of relatively high rank, such as families, orders, and classes"). Quantum evolution built upon Sewall Wright's theory of random genetic drift." (Wikipedia article on Tempo and Mode in Evolution, accessed 03-2017).


Subjects: BIOLOGY, EVOLUTION
  • 255.3

Studies on the chemical nature of the substance inducing transformation of pneumococcal types. Induction of transformation by a deoxyribonucleic acid fraction isolated from pneumococcus type III.

J. exp. Med., 79, 137-58, 1944.

Demonstration that deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) is the basic material responsible for genetic transformation. Digital facsimile from PubMedCentral at this link.

Followed by: McCarty & Avery, "Studies on the chemical nature of the substance inducing transformation of pneumococcal types. II. Effect of deoxyribonuclease on the biological activity of the transforming substance. III. An improved method for the isolation of the transforming substance and its application to pneumococcus types II, III, and VI, " J. exp. Med. , 83 (1946) 89-104.



Subjects: BIOLOGY › MOLECULAR BIOLOGY, BIOLOGY › MOLECULAR BIOLOGY › Nucleic Acids, GENETICS / HEREDITY
  • 6897

What is life? The physical aspect of the living cell.

Cambridge, England: Cambridge University Press, 1944.

This work about the physical basis of natural phenomena influenced the young James D. Watson and others. The book was a popularization of ideas developed by Max Delbrück in his paper with Timofeeff-Ressovsky in 1935. See No. 254.1.

Sydney Brenner pointed out a fundamental mistake in Schrödinger’s understanding of how genes would operate:

“Anyway, the key point is that Schrödinger says that the chromosomes contain the information to specify the future organism and the means to execute it. I have come to call this ‘Schrödinger’s fundamental error.’ In describing the structure of the chromosome fibre as a code script he states that. ‘The chromosome structures are at the same time instrumental in bringing about the development they foreshadow. They are code law and executive power, or to use another simile, they are the architect’s plan and the builder’s craft in one.’ [Schrödinger, p. 20,]. What Schrödinger is saying here is that the chromosomes not only contain a description of the future organism, but also the means to implement the description, or program, as we might call it. And that is wrong! The chromosomes contain the information to specify the future organism and a description of the means to implement this, but not the means themselves. This logical difference was made crystal clear to me when I read the von Neumann article [Hixon Symposium] because he very clearly distinguishes between the things that read the program and the program itself. In other words, the program has to build the machinery to excute itself" (Brenner, My Life, 33-34).



Subjects: BIOLOGY, BIOLOGY › MOLECULAR BIOLOGY
  • 7626

Die "Autistischen Psychopathen" im Kindesalter.

Archiv für Psychiatrie und Nervenkrankheiten 117, 76-138, 1944.

Early infantile autism (Asperberger's syndrome).



Subjects: NEUROLOGY › Child Neurology, NEUROLOGY › Neurodevelopmental Disorders › Autism, PSYCHIATRY › Child Psychiatry
  • 8385

An American dilemma: The Negro problem and modern democracy. By Gunnar Myrdal with the assistance of Richard Sterner and Arnold Rose.

New York: Harper & Brothers, 1944.

Includes considerable anthropological, biological, and health data. Digital facsimile from the Internet Archive at this link.



Subjects: AFRICAN AMERICANS & MEDICINE & BIOLOGY, ANTHROPOLOGY, SOCIAL MEDICINE
  • 8470

Une maladie Égyptienne: l'hématurie parasitaire.

Brussels: Fondation Egyptologique Reine Elisabeth, 1944.


Subjects: ANCIENT MEDICINE › Egypt, PARASITOLOGY, PATHOLOGY › Paleopathology
  • 9032

Global Epidemiology: A geography of disease and sanitation. Vol. 1: India and the Far East/The Pacific Area; Vol. 2: Africa and the Adjacent Islands; Vol. 3: The Near and Middle East. Edited by James Stevens Simmons, Tom F. Whayne, Gaylord West Anderson, Harold Maclachlan Horack... and United States. Surgeon-General's Office. Preventive Medicine Service.

Philadelphia: J. B. Lippincott, 1944.


Subjects: Bioclimatology, EPIDEMIOLOGY, Geography of Disease / Health Geography, Global Health, MILITARY MEDICINE & HYGIENE › World War II, PUBLIC HEALTH
  • 9282

Ethnobotany of the Navajo. Monographs of the School of American Research, No. 8.

Santa Fe, NM: University of New Mexico, 1944.

Digital facsimile from uair.library.arizona.edu at this link.



Subjects: BOTANY › Ethnobotany, NATIVE AMERICANS & Medicine, U.S.: CONTENT OF PUBLICATIONS BY STATE & TERRITORY › New Mexico
  • 10810

A catalogue of the medieval and renaissance manuscripts and incunabula in the Boston Medical Library.

Boston: Privately Printed, 1944.


Subjects: BIBLIOGRAPHY › 15th Century (Incunabula) & Medieval, BIBLIOGRAPHY › Catalogues of Institutional Medical Libraries
  • 11352

Intracranial arterial aneurysms.

Ithaca, NY: Comstock Publishing Company, Inc., 1944.


Subjects: NEUROSURGERY › Vascular & Endovascular
  • 11548

The foetal circulation and cardiovascular system, and the changes that they undergo at birth.

Oxford: Blackwell's Scientific Publications, 1944.

The authors describe the first direct recording of the blood flow in an intact fetus, a fetal lamb. The authors performed this experiment cooperation with Sir Joseph Bancroft and Dr. D. H. Barron.



Subjects: CARDIOLOGY › CARDIOVASCULAR PHYSIOLOGY › Cardiovascular System, EMBRYOLOGY
  • 11603

Medical physics. Edited by Otto Glasser. 3 vols.

Chicago, IL: Year Book Publishers, 19441960.

This nearly 4000 page work in three unusually thick volumes, written by hundreds of authors, was an encyclopedia of medical physics for its time.



Subjects: Biomedical Physics
  • 11859

Congenital cardiac disease: Bibliography of 1000 cases analyzed in Maude Abbott's Atlas. Edited by Donald deF. Bauer and Effie C. Astbury.

Amer. Heart J., 27, 688-723, 1944.

Provides all the references used in Abbott, Atlas of congenital cardiac disease. New YorkAmerican Heart Association1936, but not included in the 1936 work.

 



Subjects: BIBLIOGRAPHY › Bibliographies of Specific Subjects, CARDIOVASCULAR (Cardiac) SURGERY › Congenital Heart Defects
  • 12365

The diagnosis of rheumatic fever.

J. Amer. Med. Assoc., 126, 481-484, 1944.

The Jones criteria (later revised in 1992 and 2015) for the diagnosis of acute rheumatic fever.



Subjects: INFECTIOUS DISEASE › Rheumatic Fever
  • 12598

Micro-methods of estimating penicillin blood serum and other bodily fluids.

Lancet, 244, 620-621, 1944.

Fleming was the first to measure blood levels of penicillin after intramuscular, intradermal, inravenous and continuous drip administration in order to determine the correct dosage. He described his micro-measurement methods in this paper.

(Thanks to Juan Weiss for this reference and its interpretation.)



Subjects: PHARMACOLOGY › PHARMACEUTICALS › Antibiotics › Penicillin
  • 12599

Penicillin content of blood serum after various doses of penicillin by various routes.

Lancet, 244, 621-624, 1944.

In this paper Fleming and colleagues explained how to choose routes of administration of penicillin as well as dosage, and reproduced the graphs/figures that showed blood levels achieved with different doses and routes of administration.
Fleming was the first to use Procaine mixed with penicillin in order to alleviate the tremendous intramuscular pain of the injections. He showed that the anesthetic did not affect the bacterial killing power of the antibiotic. With M. Y. Young, A. J. E. Rowe.

(Thanks to Juan Weiss for this reference and its interpretation.)



Subjects: ANESTHESIA, PHARMACOLOGY › PHARMACEUTICALS › Antibiotics › Penicillin
  • 12606

A century of service to dentistry 1844 -1944. Published by S. S. White Dental Mfg. Co. in commemoration of its one hundredth anniversary. Edited by Harry C. Keane.

Philadelphia: S. S. White Dental Mfg. Co., 1944.

Digital facsimile from the Hathi Trust at this link.



Subjects: DENTISTRY › History of Dentistry
  • 1175.1

Isolation and properties of the anterior hypophyseal growth hormone.

J. biol. Chem., 159, 353-66, 1945.

Choh Hao Li and colleagues isolated the anterior pituitary growth hormone. 



Subjects: Ductless Glands: Internal Secretion › Pituitary, ENDOCRINOLOGY › Pituitary, WOMEN, Publications by › Years 1900 - 1999
  • 1782.1

Medical geographies.

Ciba Symp., 6, 1997-2016, 1945.

A historical survey of the classical works.



Subjects: Geography of Disease / Health Geography
  • 2061

Cinchona in Java: The story of quinine.

New York: Greenberg, 1945.


Subjects: COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › Indonesia, PHARMACOLOGY › History of Pharmacology & Pharmaceuticals, PHARMACOLOGY › PHARMACEUTICALS › Botanic Sources of Single Component Drugs › Cinchona Bark
  • 1928.4

Streptococcal fibrinolysis. A proteolytic reaction due to a serum enzyme activated by streptococcal fibrinolysin.

J. gen. Physiol., 28, 363-83, 1945.

Purification and concentration of Tillett and Garner’s (No. 1924.1) substance to produce streptokinase.



Subjects: HEMATOLOGY › Anticoagulation, PHARMACOLOGY › PHARMACEUTICALS › Cardiovascular Medications
  • 1929

British anti-lewisite (BAL).

Nature (Lond.), 156, 616-19, 1945.

British Anti-Lewisite BAL (dimercaprol), a medication used to treat acute poisoning by arsenic, mercury, gold, and lead, was discovered during the 1939-45 war. With L. A. Stocken and R. H. S. Thompson. 



Subjects: TOXICOLOGY
  • 1929.1

Effectiveness of a nitrofuran in the treatment of infected wounds.

Milit. Surg., 97, 380-84, 1945.

First clinical use of “furacin” (nitrofuran). With C. L. Kiehn and J. W. Christopherson.



Subjects: PHARMACOLOGY › PHARMACEUTICALS, SURGERY: General › Wound Healing
  • 1936

Bacitracin: a new antibiotic produced by a member of the B, subtilis group.

Science, 102, 376-77, 1945.

With H. Anker and F. L. Meleney.



Subjects: PHARMACOLOGY › PHARMACEUTICALS › Antibiotics, WOMEN, Publications by › Years 1900 - 1999
  • 2350

Streptomycin in treatment of clinical tuberculosis: a preliminary report.

Proc. Mayo Clin., 20, 313-18, 1945.


Subjects: BACTERIOLOGY › BACTERIA (mostly pathogenic; sometimes indexed only to genus) › Gram-Positive Bacteria › Streptococcus , INFECTIOUS DISEASE › Tuberculosis, PHARMACOLOGY › PHARMACEUTICALS › Antibiotics
  • 2659.4

The synchrotron: a proposed high energy particle accelerator.

Phys. Rev. 68, 143-144, 1945.

Nobel Prize in Chemistry, 1951.



Subjects: ONCOLOGY & CANCER › Radiation (Radiotherapy)
  • 3043

The surgical treatment of malformations of the heart in which there is pulmonary stenosis or pulmonary atresia.

J. Amer. med. Assoc., 128, 189-202, 1945.

The “Blalock-Taussig operation” for the relief of congenital defects of the pulmonary artery, Tetralogy of Fallot ("blue baby syndrome").

"The first surgical repair was carried out in 1944 at Johns Hopkins.[70] The procedure was conducted by surgeon Alfred Blalock and cardiologist Helen B. Taussig, with Vivien Thomas also providing substantial contributions and listed as an assistant.[3] This first surgery was depicted in the film Something the Lord Made.[59] It was actually Helen Taussig who convinced Alfred Blalock that the shunt was going to work. 15-month-old Eileen Saxon was the first person to receive a Blalock-Thomas-Taussig shunt.[59]" (Wikipedia article on Tetralogy of Fallot).



Subjects: CARDIOVASCULAR (Cardiac) SURGERY, GENETICS / HEREDITY › HEREDITARY / CONGENITAL DISEASES OR DISORDERS › Congenital Heart Defects, Pediatric Surgery, WOMEN, Publications by › Years 1900 - 1999
  • 3044

Congenital coarctation of the aorta and its surgical treatment.

J. thorac. Surg., 14, 347-61, 1945.

Crafoord and Gross (No. 3044.1) pioneered this basic operation in cardiac and pediatric surgery.



Subjects: CARDIOLOGY › Congenital Heart Defects, CARDIOVASCULAR (Cardiac) SURGERY
  • 3044.1

Surgical correction for coarctation of the aorta.

Surgery, 18, 673-8, 1945.

Resection of coarctation and direct anastomosis of remaining ends. See also his report of 60 cases in J. Amer.med.Assoc.,1949, 139,285-92.



Subjects: CARDIOVASCULAR (Cardiac) SURGERY, GENETICS / HEREDITY › HEREDITARY / CONGENITAL DISEASES OR DISORDERS › Congenital Heart Defects
  • 3103

Cyanosis in infants caused by nitrates in well water.

J. Amer. med. Assoc., 129, 112-16., 1945.

Methemoglobinemia. Comly first suggested the above hypothesis, since proved valid.



Subjects: HEMATOLOGY › Blood Disorders
  • 3104

Detection of weak and “incomplete” Rh agglutinins: a new test.

Lancet, 246 (6358), 15-16, 1945.

Coombs’s test for detecting antibodies in various clinical scenarios, such as Rh disease and blood transfusion. With A. E. Mourant and R. R. Race. A fuller description appears in Brit. J. exp. Path.,1945, 26, 255-66.



Subjects: HEMATOLOGY › Blood Disorders, Laboratory Medicine › Blood Tests, THERAPEUTICS › Blood Transfusion
  • 3105

Conglutination test for Rh sensitization.

J. Lab. clin. Med., 30, 662-67, 1945.

Conglutination test.



Subjects: HEMATOLOGY, Laboratory Medicine › Blood Tests
  • 3150

Observations of the anti-anemic properties of synthetic folic acid.

Sth. med. J. (Nashville), 38, 707-09, 1945.

Hemopoietic properties of folic acid reported. With C. F. Vilter, M. B. Koch, and M. H. Caldwell.



Subjects: HEMATOLOGY › Anemia & Chlorosis
  • 3214
COMMISSION ON ACUTE RESPIRATORY DISEASES

Transmission of primary atypical pneumonia to human volunteers.

J. Amer. med. Assoc., 127, 146-49, 1945.


Subjects: INFECTIOUS DISEASE › Pneumonia, RESPIRATION › Respiratory Diseases
  • 2900

Thiouracil treatment of angina pectoris; rationale and results.

J. Amer. med. Assoc., 128, 249-56, 1945.


Subjects: CARDIOLOGY › CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE › Coronary Artery Disease › Angina Pectoris
  • 3855

Some observations on the use of thiobarbital as an antithyroid agent in the treatment of Graves’s disease.

J. clin. Endocr., 5, 345-52, 1945.

Clinical introduction of thiobarbital.



Subjects: ENDOCRINOLOGY › Thyroid
  • 3869

A tentative test for pheochromocytoma.

Amer. J. med. Sci., 210, 653-60, 1945.

The Roth–Kvale histamine test for the diagnosis of pheochromocytoma.



Subjects: ENDOCRINOLOGY › Adrenals, ONCOLOGY & CANCER, WOMEN, Publications by › Years 1900 - 1999
  • 4011

Lupus vulgaris treated with calciferol.

Proc. roy. Soc. Med. 39, 96-99, 1945.

Dowling and Prosser Thomas introduced calciferol in the treatment of lupus independently of Charpy (no. 4010) whose work was unknown to them owing to the wartime isolation of France.



Subjects: DERMATOLOGY
  • 4276.1

Bilateral adrenalectomy in prostatic cancer; clinical features and urinary excretion of 17-ketosteroids and estrogen.

Ann. Surg., 122, 1031-41, 1945.

Adrenalectomy for carcinoma of the prostate.



Subjects: ONCOLOGY & CANCER › Carcinoma, UROLOGY › Prostate
  • 4277

Retropubic prostatectomy. A new extravesical technique.

Lancet, 2, 693-96, 1945.

Retropubic prostatectomy.



Subjects: UROLOGY › Prostate
  • 3701

Die Zahnheilkunde im neunzehnten Jahrhundert.

Copenhagen: Munksgaard, 1945.


Subjects: DENTISTRY › History of Dentistry
  • 5732

The history of surgical anesthesia.

New York: Schuman's, 1945.

Reprinted with corrections and additions, 1963. Reprint, 1978.



Subjects: ANESTHESIA › History of Anesthesia
  • 5015

The falling sickness: A history of epilepsy from the Greeks to the beginnings of modern neurology. Second edition.

Baltimore, MD: The Johns Hopkins University Press, 1945.

Revised second edition. Baltimore, 1971.



Subjects: NEUROLOGY › Epilepsy, NEUROLOGY › History of Neurology
  • 5399

Cultivation of Rickettsia tsutsugamushi in lungs of rodents. Preparation of a scrub-typhus vaccine.

Lancet, 2, 729-34, 1945.

Scrub-typhus vaccine.



Subjects: BACTERIOLOGY › BACTERIA (mostly pathogenic; sometimes indexed only to genus) › Rickettsiales › Rickettsia › Orientia Tsutsugamushi, IMMUNOLOGY, IMMUNOLOGY › Vaccines, INFECTIOUS DISEASE › VECTOR-BORNE DISEASES › Lice-Borne Diseases › Typhus
  • 5475.1

Production of immunity to dengue with virus modified by propagation in mice.

Science, 101, 604-42, 1945.

Successful propagation of dengue in mice and production of a vaccine.



Subjects: IMMUNOLOGY › Immunization, IMMUNOLOGY › Vaccines, INFECTIOUS DISEASE › VECTOR-BORNE DISEASES › Mosquito-Borne Diseases › Dengue Fever
  • 6623

Poet physicians: An anthology of medical poetry written by physicians.

Springfield, IL: Charles C Thomas, 1945.


Subjects: LITERATURE / Philosophy & Medicine & Biology › Poetry
  • 6233

Acute inversion of the uterus.

Brit. med. J., 2, 282-83, 1945.

O’Sullivan’s method of replacement by intravaginal hydraulic pressure.



Subjects: OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › OBSTETRICS
  • 6476

Asclepius: A collection and interpretation of the testimonies. 2 vols.

Baltimore, MD: The Johns Hopkins University Press, 1945.


Subjects: ANCIENT MEDICINE › Greece, COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › Greece
  • 6309

One hundred years of gynaecology, 1800-1900.

Philadelphia: Blakiston, 1945.


Subjects: OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › GYNECOLOGY › History of Gynecology
  • 6780

Short-title catalogue of books printed in England, Scotland, Ireland, Wales, and British America and of English books printed in other countries, 1641-1700. 3 vols.

New York: Columbia University Press, 19451951.

Supplements the Short title catalogue (No. 6771). This was superseded by the second edition, revised and enlarged, 3 vols., New York, Modern Language Association of America, 1972-88. In addition to countless works of medical interest, this bibliography includes in brief form many author bibliographies of individual physicians whose works appeared during 1640-1700.



Subjects: BIBLIOGRAPHY
  • 6439

A history of medicine.

London: Nelson, 1945.


Subjects: History of Medicine: General Works
  • 6581.1

Schweizer Aerzte als Forscher, Entdecker und Erfinder.

Basel: Ciba Aktiengesellschaft, 1945.


Subjects: COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › Switzerland
  • 5260

Studies on synthetic antimalarial drugs.

Ann. trop. Med. Parasit., 39, 139-64, 208-16, 1945.

F. H. S. Curd, D. G. Davey, and F. L. Rose synthesized proguanil (“paludrine”) and first tested it in avian malaria.



Subjects: INFECTIOUS DISEASE › VECTOR-BORNE DISEASES › Mosquito-Borne Diseases › Malaria, PHARMACOLOGY › PHARMACEUTICALS › Antimalarial Drugs
  • 5261

Studies on synthetic antimalarial drugs. XIII. Results of a preliminary investigation of the therapeutic action of 4888 (paludrine) on acute attacks of benign tertian malaria.

Ann. trop. Med. Parasit., 39, 225-31, 1945.

First use of proguanil in human malaria. With B. G. Maegraith, J. D. King, R. H. Townsend, T. H. Davey, and R. E. Havard.



Subjects: INFECTIOUS DISEASE › VECTOR-BORNE DISEASES › Mosquito-Borne Diseases › Malaria, PHARMACOLOGY › PHARMACEUTICALS › Antimalarial Drugs
  • 86.5
CORPUS MEDICORUM GRAECORUM

Corpus Medicorum Graecorum. Ediderunt Academiae Berolinensis Hauniensis Lipsiensis

Leipzig: B. G. Teubner; Akademie-Verlag, 1945, 1908.

This series sets as its goal the scholarly edition of all extant ancient Greek medical texts, including those lost in the original language but preserved in medieval translations. These are numbered as follows: I. Hippocrates, II. Aretaeus, III. Rufus, IV. Soranus, V. Galen, VI. Oribasius, VII. Alexander of Tralles, VIII. Aetius of Amida, IX. Paulus of Aegina, X. Minor Writers, XI. Minor commentators on Hippocrates and Galen. Miscellaneous works are included in Supplementa and Supplementa Orientalia. Many editions in the series are available online at this link



Subjects: ANCIENT MEDICINE › Greece
  • 86.6
CORPUS MEDICORUM LATINORUM

Corpus Medicorum Latinorum. Editum consilio et auctoritate Instituti Puschmanniani Lipsiensis.

Leipzig: B. G. Teubner; Akademie-Verlag, 1945, 1915.

As of 1990 eight volumes were published (*). The completed series would include: I. Celsus*; II. Scribonius Largus, Quintus Serenus* etc.: III. Plinius Secundus Iunior*; IV. Antonius Musa, Pseudo-Apuleius, Sextus Placitus, etc.*; V. Marcellus*; VI. Cassius Felix, Theodorus Priscianus; VII. Caelius Aurelianus*; VIII. Anthimus*, Mustio, etc.



Subjects: ANCIENT MEDICINE › Roman Empire
  • 8057

Bibliography of the technical work of the Health Organisation of the League of Nations, 1920-1945.

League of Nations Bulletin of the Health Organisation, II, 6, 1945.


Subjects: BIBLIOGRAPHY › Bibliographies of Specific Subjects, Global Health, PUBLIC HEALTH
  • 9177

Anatomy for artists.

New York: American Artists Group, 1945.

By the famous American social realist artist.



Subjects: ANATOMY › 20th Century, ANATOMY › Anatomy for Artists, ART & Medicine & Biology
  • 9891

On the use of matrices in certain population mathematics.

Biometrika, 33, 213-245., 1945.

"... the Leslie matrix is a discreteage-structured model of population growth that is very popular in population ecology.... The Leslie matrix (also called the Leslie model) is one of the most well known ways to describe the growth of populations (and their projected age distribution), in which a population is closed to migration, growing in an unlimited environment, and where only one sex, usually the female, is considered.

"The Leslie matrix is used in ecology to model the changes in a population of organisms over a period of time. In a Leslie model, the population is divided into groups based on age classes. A similar model which replaces age classes with ontogenetic stages is called a Lefkovitch matrix,[1] whereby individuals can both remain in the same stage class or move on to the next one. At each time step, the population is represented by a vector with an element for each age class where each element indicates the number of individuals currently in that class" (Wikipedia article on Leslie Matrix, accessed 03-2018).



Subjects: BIOLOGY › Ecology / Environment, COMPUTING/MATHEMATICS in Medicine & Biology, DEMOGRAPHY / Population: Medical Statistics
  • 10653

Atrial septal defect: Study of hemodynamics by the technique of right heart catheterization.

Am. J. med. Sci., 210, 480-491, 1945.

The first description of the use of a cardiac catheter as a diagnostic tool, in this case a congenital heart defect. The authors worked in the laboratory of Eugene Stead, Jr. at Grady Memorial Hospital, Atlanta, Georgia.



Subjects: CARDIOLOGY › Interventional Cardiology › Cardiac Catheterization, GENETICS / HEREDITY › HEREDITARY / CONGENITAL DISEASES OR DISORDERS › Congenital Heart Defects
  • 10893

Lewis's 1844-1944: A brief account of a century's work.

London: H. K. Lewis, 1945.


Subjects: BIBLIOGRAPHY › Medical Publishers, Histories of
  • 11353

Surgery of the brain.

Hagerstown, MD: W. F. Prior Company, Inc., 1945.

Volume XII in Lewis' Practice of Surgery. 



Subjects: NEUROSURGERY
  • 11687

Les tumeurs et les polypes du coeur: Étude anatomo-clinique.

Paris: Masson & Cie, 1945.

A classical monograph on heart tumors with 1298 references on these relatively rare tumors.



Subjects: CARDIOLOGY › CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE › Heart Tumors
  • 12618

The herbal of Rufinus. Edited from the unique manuscript by Lynn Thorndike, assisted by Francis S. Benjamin, Jr.

Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press, 1945.

First printed edition of an herbal written circa 1287 by Rufinus, a medieval monk / physician unknown before this edition. Rufinus was titular abbot in absentia of the monastery of Tyre, and plenipotentiary to the archbishop of Genoa. His original manuscript did not survive, and the copy used by Thorndike, Ashburnham 189 in the Laurentian Library in Florence, is the only surviving copy.



Subjects: MEDIEVAL MEDICINE › Italy, PHARMACOLOGY › PHARMACEUTICALS › Materia medica / Herbals / Herbal Medicines
  • 13061

Plantas medicinale aromaticas o venenosas de Cuba. 2 vols.

Havana: Ministerio de Agricultura & Editorial Guerrero Casamayor y cía, 1945.


Subjects: COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › Cuba, PHARMACOLOGY › PHARMACEUTICALS › Materia medica / Herbals / Herbal Medicines, TOXICOLOGY
  • 4726

Ueber Parpanit, einen neuen estrapyramidal-motorische Störungen beeinflussenden Stoff.

Scbweitz. med. Wschr., 76, 1286-89, 1946.

Introduction of caramiphen (“parpanit”) in the treatment of Parkinson’s disease.



Subjects: NEUROLOGY › Movement Disorders › Parkinson's Disease
  • 4727

Le traitement de la maladie de Parkinson par le chlorhydrate de diéthylaminoéthyl-N-thiodiphénylamine (2987 R.P.). Premiers résultats.

Rev. neurol. (Paris), 78, 581-84, 1946.

Introduction of “diparcol” in the treatment of Parkinson’s disease. With D. Boyet and G. Dumont.



Subjects: NEUROLOGY › Movement Disorders › Parkinson's Disease
  • 1354.1

A specific sympathomimetic ergone in adrenergic nerve fibres (sympathin) and its relations to adrenaline and nor-adrenaline.

Acta physiol. scand. 12, 73-97, 1946.

Noradrenaline shown to be the predominant transmitter of the effects of sympathetic nerve impulses. Shared Nobel Prize, 1970, with Katz and Axelrod.



Subjects: NEUROSCIENCE › NERVOUS SYSTEM › Chemical Mediation of Nervous Impulses, Neurophysiology
  • 751.3

A common factor in the enzymatic acetylation of sulfanilamide and of choline.

J. biol. Chem., 162, 743-44, 1946.

For his co-discovery in 1945 of coenzyme A, together with other research on coenzyme A,  Lipmann shared the 1953 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine with Sir Hans Krebs.



Subjects: BIOCHEMISTRY
  • 1667

The story of water supply.

London: Oxford University Press, 1946.


Subjects: PUBLIC HEALTH › History of Public Health
  • 2062

Die Injektion.

Ciba Z., 9, 3594-3642., 1946.

Deals exhaustively with the history of intravenous and intramuscular injection.



Subjects: THERAPEUTICS › History of Therapeutics
  • 2351

Ueber eine neue, gegen Tuberkelbazillen in vitro wirksame Verbindungsklasse.

Naturwissenschaften, 33, 315, 1946.

Introduction of thiosemicarbazone in treatment of tuberculosis. With R. Behnisch, F. Mietzsch, and H. Schmidt.



Subjects: INFECTIOUS DISEASE › Tuberculosis, PHARMACOLOGY › PHARMACEUTICALS › Antitubercular Drugs
  • 2359

Chemotherapy of tuberculosis. Researches during the past 100 years.

Brit. med J., 2, 805-10, 849-55, 1946.


Subjects: INFECTIOUS DISEASE › Tuberculosis › History of Tuberculosis, PHARMACOLOGY › Chemotherapy
  • 2659.5

The design of a proton linear accelerator.

Phys. Rev. 70, 799-800, 1946.

Linear ion accelerator. Alvarez received the Nobel Prize for Physics in 1968.



Subjects: Nuclear Medicine, ONCOLOGY & CANCER › Radiation (Radiotherapy)
  • 2418.1

A microflocculation test for syphilis using cardiolipin antigen: preliminary report.

J. vener. Dis. Inform., 27, 169-74, 1946.

V. D. Research Laboratory test (Harris test). With A. A. Rosenberg and L. M. Riedel.



Subjects: INFECTIOUS DISEASE › SEXUALLY TRANSMITTED DISEASES › Syphilis, Laboratory Medicine › Blood Tests
  • 3045

Anastomosis of the aorta to a pulmonary artery. Certain types in congenital heart disease.

J. Amer. med. Ass., 132, 627-31, 1946.

With S. Smith and S. Gibson.



Subjects: CARDIOVASCULAR (Cardiac) SURGERY, GENETICS / HEREDITY › HEREDITARY / CONGENITAL DISEASES OR DISORDERS › Congenital Heart Defects
  • 3106

Leukaemia treated with urethane compared with deep x-ray therapy.

Lancet, 1, 677, 1946.

Urethane in treatment of leukemia. With A. Haddow, I. Ap Thomas, and J. M. Watkinson.



Subjects: HEMATOLOGY › Blood Disorders, ONCOLOGY & CANCER › Leukemia, Radiation Oncology, WOMEN, Publications by › Years 1900 - 1999
  • 2237.01

The face in health and disease.

Philadelphia: F. A. Davis, 1946.


Subjects: Medicine: General Works
  • 3241

Para-aminosalicylic acid in the treatment of tuberculosis.

Lancet, 1, 15-16, 1946.

p-Aminosalicylic acid used in pulmonary tuberculosis. See also his earlier paper in Svenska LäkT., 1946, 43, 2029-40.



Subjects: PULMONOLOGY › Lung Diseases › Pulmonary Tuberculosis
  • 214.1

Pretoria: The South African fossil ape-men. The Australopithecinae. Part I. The occurrence and general structure of the South African ape-men.

Transvaal Mus. Mem., 2, 7-144, 1946.

With this comprehensive report Broom presented his case to the scientific establishment that Australopithecus probably represented the stock from which mankind had evolved. 



Subjects: ANTHROPOLOGY › Physical Anthropology, COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › South Africa, EVOLUTION › Human Origins / Human Evolution
  • 3151

The structure and synthesis of liver. L. casei factor.

Science, 103, 667-69, 1946.

Isolation, determination of structure, and final synthesis of folic acid.



Subjects: HEMATOLOGY › Anemia & Chlorosis, HEPATOLOGY › Hepatic Physiology
  • 3152

Observations on the effect of massive doses of iron given intravenously to patients with hypochromic anemia.

Blood, 1, 129-42, 1946.


Subjects: HEMATOLOGY › Anemia & Chlorosis, WOMEN, Publications by › Years 1900 - 1999
  • 2578.5

Induced mutations in bacterial viruses.

Cold Spring Harbor Symp. quant. Biol., 11, 33-37, 1946.

Genetic recombination in bacteriophages. Delbrück shared the Nobel Prize with A. D. Hershey and S. E. Luria in 1969 for his work on replication mechanisms and genetic structure of viruses.



Subjects: BIOLOGY › MOLECULAR BIOLOGY, VIROLOGY, VIROLOGY › Bacteriophage
  • 3709

The vitamins in medicine.

London: Heinemann, 1946.

4th edition, 2 vols, 1980.



Subjects: NUTRITION / DIET › Deficiency Diseases, NUTRITION / DIET › Vitamins
  • 3788

The biological actions and therapeutic applications of the ß-chloroethyl amines and sulfides.

Science, 103, 409-15., 1946.

Introduction of nitrogen mustard in treatment of Hodgkin’s disease



Subjects: ONCOLOGY & CANCER › Lymphoma, Spleen: Lymphatics
  • 3924.2

Heredopathia atactica polyneuritiformis; a familial syndrome not hitherto described.

Acta psychiat. scand., Suppl. 38, 1946.

“Refsum’s syndrome”, an inherited disorder of lipid metabolism.



Subjects: GENETICS / HEREDITY › HEREDITARY / CONGENITAL DISEASES OR DISORDERS, Metabolism & Metabolic Disorders
  • 4256

The treatment of acute renal failure by peritoneal irrigation.

Ann. Surg., 124, 857-78, 1946.

With H. A. Frank and A. M. Seligman.



Subjects: NEPHROLOGY › Renal Disease
  • 3412.2

The acoustic impedance measured on normal and pathological ears. Orientating studies on the applicability of impedance measurement.

Acta oto-laryng. (Stockh.), Suppl. 63, 1946.

The modern impedance test was developed by Metz.



Subjects: OTOLOGY › Audiology › Hearing Tests
  • 5180

Streptomycin treatment of tularemia.

J. Amer. med. Assoc., 130, 393-98, 1946.


Subjects: INFECTIOUS DISEASE › VECTOR-BORNE DISEASES › Tick-Borne Diseases › Tularemia
  • 5725

Propriétés curarisantes du di-iodoéthylate de bis-[quinoléyloxy-8’] 1.5-pentane.

C. R. Acad. Sci. (Paris), 223, 597-98, 1946.

Introduction of gallamine triethiodide (“flaxedil”). With S. Courvoisier, R. Ducrot, And R. Horclois. See also the same journal, 1947, 225, 74.



Subjects: ANESTHESIA
  • 5732.1

The centennial of surgical anesthesia. An annotated catalogue of books and pamphlets bearing on the early history of surgical anesthesia exibited at the Yale Medical Library.

New York: Henry Schuman, 1946.


Subjects: ANESTHESIA › History of Anesthesia, BIBLIOGRAPHY › Bibliographies of Specific Subjects
  • 5544.2

Immunity in mumps. VI. Experiments on the vaccination of human beings with formolized mumps virus.

J. exp. Med., 84, 407-28, 1946.

With E. P. Maris, and L. W. Kane.



Subjects: IMMUNOLOGY › Immunization, INFECTIOUS DISEASE › Mumps, VIROLOGY › VIRUSES (by Family) › Paramyxoviridae › Mumps orthorubulavirus (MuV)
  • 5351.2

Miracil, ein neues Chemotherapeuticum gegen die Darmbilharziose.

Naturwissenschaften, 33, 253 (only), 1946.

Lucanthone hydrochloride (Miracil D). With R. Gönnert and H. Mauss.



Subjects: INFECTIOUS DISEASE › DISEASES DUE TO METAZOAN PARASITES
  • 5400

Rickettsialpox. A newly recognized rickettsial disease. IV. Isolation of a rickettsia apparently identical with the causative agent of rickettsialpox from Allodermanyssus sanguineus, a rodent mite.

Publ. Hlth. Rep. (Wash.), 61, 1677-82, 1946.

Isolation of Rickettsia akari, aetiologic agent of rickettsialpox. With W. L. Jellison and C. Pomerantz.



Subjects: INFECTIOUS DISEASE › Rickettsial Infections
  • 5401

Kew Gardens spotted fever.

New York Med., 2, No. 15, 27-28, 1946.

Rickettsialpox described.



Subjects: INFECTIOUS DISEASE › Rickettsial Infections
  • 6631.02

Musical sons of Aesculapius.

New York: Froeben Press, 1946.


Subjects: Music and Medicine
  • 6510

Outline of Arabic contributions to medicine and the allied sciences.

Beirut: American Press, 1946.


Subjects: ISLAMIC OR ARAB MEDICINE › History of Islamic or Arab Medicine
  • 6569.1

Istoriia meditsiny v Armenii s drevneishikh vremen do nashikh dnei. 5 vols.

Yerevan (Erevan), Armenia: Akademiia nauk Armanskoi SSSR, 19461947.

Supplement, Illustratskii k istorii meditsiny v Armenii, Erevan, 1958. A version of this work was edited and translated as Histoire de la médicine en Arménie des origines au debut du XIX siècle (!962).



Subjects: COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › Armenia
  • 6662

JOURNAL OF THE HISTORY OF MEDICINE AND ALLIED SCIENCES. 1-

New Haven, CT, 1946.

The latest issue may be viewed at http://jhmas.oxfordjournals.org .



Subjects: Periodicals Specializing in the History of Medicine & the Life Sciences
  • 6652

ANNALS OF MEDICAL HISTORY. 1-10; New series, 1-10; 3rd series, 1-4, 1917-42. Index (1917-42),

New York: Paul B. Hoeber, 1946.


Subjects: Periodicals Specializing in the History of Medicine & the Life Sciences
  • 5261.1

Chloroquine for treatment of acute attacks of vivax malaria.

J. Amer. med. Assoc., 131, 963-67, 1946.

Harry Most led the development of chloroquine for use in treating American troops suffering from malaria. At the beginning of the American involvement in the war there were more American casualties from malaria than from enemy fire, but by the end of the campaign in the Pacific, at least partly because of the administration of chloroquine, malaria was largely under control.

Clinical trials of chloroquine. With  Charles A. Kane,  Edmund F. Schroeder, and Joseph M. Hayman, Jr. See also J. Amer. med Assoc., 1946, 130, 1069.



Subjects: INFECTIOUS DISEASE › VECTOR-BORNE DISEASES › Mosquito-Borne Diseases › Malaria, PARASITOLOGY › Plasmodia › P. vivax, P. falciparum, P. malariae, P. ovale, and P. knowlesi, PHARMACOLOGY › PHARMACEUTICALS › Antimalarial Drugs
  • 255.4

Gene recombination in Escherichia coli.

Nature (Lond.), 158, 558, 1946.

Discovery of sexual processes in the reproduction of bacteria. Lederberg shared the Nobel Prize with Tatum and Beadle (No. 254.3) in 1958.



Subjects: BACTERIOLOGY › BACTERIA (mostly pathogenic; sometimes indexed only to genus) › Gram-Negative Bacteria › Escherichia coli, GENETICS / HEREDITY
  • 7236

Choroba glodowa: Badania kliniczne nad glodem wykonane w getcie warszawskim z roku 1942.

Warsaw, Poland: American Joint Distribution Committee, 1946.

A series of articles by Jewish physicians working in the Bersohn and Bauman Jewish Children's Hospital and "Czyste" Hospital in the Warsaw ghetto, who conducted independent research between November 1941 and August 1942 on the effects of starvation on children and adults. This starvation was an integral part of Nazi policies regarding Eastern Europe during World War II. The report, which includes photographs and testimonies, was smuggled out of the ghetto in 1943, buried in the yard of Christ Church Hospital in Warsaw and unearthed after the war. All of the authors, with the exception of the editor, Emil Apfelbaum, perished during the war. Postwar editors included David Guzik, Julius Zweibaum, Marek Koenigstein, Jonas Turkov, Josef Sack and Leon Plockier. The core of the actual research team and the authors were: Izrael Milejkowski (Forward), Józef Stein, Julian Fliederbaum (chief of the team), Anna Braude-Heller, Emil Apfelbaum (also post-war editor), Michał Szejnman, and Szymon Fajgenblat; authors of the 4 destroyed studies (never published) were Mieczysław Kocen, Mieczysław Rakszes, Moryc Płonskier, and Leon Blacher.Translated into French and issued during the same year by the same publisher as Maladie de famine: recherches cliniques sur la famine exécutées dans le ghetto de Varsovie en 1942. English translation by Myron Winick: Hunger Disease: Studies by Jewish Physicians in the Warsaw Ghetto. New York: Wiley, 1979. (My thanks to Piotr Laskowski for this information.)



Subjects: COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › Poland, Jews and Medicine, NUTRITION / DIET, NUTRITION / DIET › Deficiency Diseases
  • 7641

The Hunterian Museum yesterday and to-morrow, being the Hunterian Oration for 1945 delivered at the Royal College of Surgeons of England.

London: Cassell & Co., 1946.

Remains one of the best accounts of the development of John Hunter's museum, and its development after Hunter's death, its partial destruction from bombing in World War II, and plans for reconstruction developed in the early aftermath of World War II. The museum was a central project in Hunter's research, organized in a unique way. 



Subjects: MUSEUMS › History of Museums
  • 8634

Ancient anodynes: Primitive anaesthesia and allied conditions.

London: William Heinemann, 1946.


Subjects: ANESTHESIA › History of Anesthesia, ANTHROPOLOGY, TRADITIONAL, Folk or Indigenous Medicine
  • 8741

The midwest pioneer: His ills, cures, & doctors.

New York: Henry Schuman, 1946.

The first general history of frontier or pioneer medicine in America, covering mainly the first half of the 19th century, and including many folk medicine treatments. First published privately in Crawfordsville, Indiana in 1945. Digital facsimile from the Internet Archive at this link.



Subjects: COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › United States , COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › United States › American Midwest, Social or Sociopolitical Histories of Medicine & the Life Sciences, TRADITIONAL, Folk or Indigenous Medicine, WOMEN, Publications by › Years 1900 - 1999
  • 8899

White caps: The story of nursing.

Philadelphia: J. B. Lippincott, 1946.


Subjects: NURSING › History of Nursing
  • 8901

Victory over pain: A history of anesthesia.

New York: Henry Schuman, 1946.


Subjects: ANESTHESIA › History of Anesthesia
  • 9338

Radioactive iodine therapy: Effect on functioning metastases of adenocarcinoma of the thyroid.

J. Amer. Med. Assoc., 132, 838-847, 1946.

Seidlin and Marinelli described the first successful treatment of a patient with thyroid cancer metastases using radioiodine (I-131). This paper demonstrated the potential of nuclear medicine as a medical specialty.



Subjects: ENDOCRINOLOGY › Thyroid , Nuclear Medicine, ONCOLOGY & CANCER
  • 9504

The medical story of early Texas 1528-1853. Foreward by Chauncey D. Leake.

San Antonio, TX: Mollie Bennett Lupe Memorial Fund, 1946.


Subjects: COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › United States › American West, U.S.: CONTENT OF PUBLICATIONS BY STATE & TERRITORY › Texas
  • 10133
  • 2659.6

Nitrogen mustard therapy. Use of methyl-bis(beta-chloroethyl)amine hydrochloride and tris(beta-chloroethyl)amine hydrochloride for Hodgkin's disease, lymphosarcoma, leukemia and certain allied and miscellaneous disorders.

J. Amer. Med. Assoc., 132 (3), 126-132, 1946.

Widely considered the first uses of chemotherapy for the treatment of malignant diseases.



Subjects: ONCOLOGY & CANCER › Chemotherapy for Cancer, ONCOLOGY & CANCER › Leukemia, ONCOLOGY & CANCER › Lymphoma
  • 10996

Medical interchange between the British Isles and America before 1801. Based on the FitzPatrick Lectures for 1939.

London: Royal College of Physicians, 1946.


Subjects: COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › England (United Kingdom), COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › United States
  • 11018

Harvey Cushing: A biography.

Springfield, IL: Charles C Thomas, 1946.

Remains the most comprehensive biography of Cushing, by his student Fulton.



Subjects: BIOGRAPHY (Reference Works) › Biographies of Individuals, NEUROSURGERY › History of Neurosurgery
  • 11231

John Hunter: A list of his books. Compiled by W. R. LeFanu.

London: Royal College of Surgeons, 1946.

Unlike Lefanu's other bibliographical writings, this is a basic 31 page booklist.



Subjects: BIBLIOGRAPHY › Bibliographies of Individual Authors
  • 11510

Die kunstmatige Nier.

Kampen, Netherlands: Kok, 1946.

Kolff's first book on the artificial kidney. Translated into English as New ways of treating uraemia. The artificial kidney...London: Churchill, 1947.



Subjects: NEPHROLOGY › Renal Disease › Dialysis
  • 11725

Western Reserve University centennial history of the School of medicine.

Cleveland, OH: Western Reserve University Press, 1946.


Subjects: Education, Biomedical, & Biomedical Profession › History of Biomedical Education & Medical Profession, U.S.: CONTENT OF PUBLICATIONS BY STATE & TERRITORY › Ohio
  • 11819

The common sense book of baby and child care.

New York: Duell, Sloan and Pierce, 1946.

One of the best-selling books of the twentieth century, selling 500,000 copies in the six months after its initial publication in 1946, and 50 million by the time of Spock's death in 1998. As of 2011, the book had been translated into 39 languages.



Subjects: PEDIATRICS, Popularization of Medicine, Self-Help Guides
  • 12623

Penicillin: Its practical application. Edited by Sir Alexander Fleming.

London: Butterworths, 1946.

This was the only book that Fleming ever published on penicillin. American issue, Philadelphia: Blakiston, 1946.



Subjects: PHARMACOLOGY › PHARMACEUTICALS › Antibiotics › Penicillin
  • 12822

Ignaz Philipp Semmelweis (1818-1865), an annotated bibliography. By Frank P. Murphy.

Bull. Hist. Med., 20, 653-707, 1946.


Subjects: BIBLIOGRAPHY › Bibliographies of Individual Authors, OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › OBSTETRICS › Puerperal Fever
  • 13085

Self: A study in ethics and endocrinology.

London: William Heinemann, 1946.

An early work on transexualism. Dillon was the first trans man to undergo phalloplasty. Between 1946 and 1949 Dillon underent at least 13 surgeries performed by Harold Gillies for sex-reassignment surgery.



Subjects: SEXUALITY / Sexology › Transsexuality
  • 13638

The Huxley papers: A descriptive catalogue of the correspondence, manuscripts and miscellaneous papers of the Rt. Hon. Thomas Henry Huxley ... preserved in the Imperial College of Science and Technology, London. By Warren R. Dawson.

London: Imperial College of Science & Technology, 1946.


Subjects: BIOGRAPHY (Reference Works) › Biographies of Individuals › Edited Correspondence & Archives
  • 5
  • 6467.93

Le papyrus médical Chester Beatty, par le Dr. Frans Jonckheere.

Brussels: Fondation Egyptologique Reine Elisabeth & La Médecine Egyptienne, No. 2., 1947.

A hieratic papyrus of the 13th-12th century BCE. It is a fragment of a monograph on diseases of the anus. The papyrus was reproduced with transcription by A. H. Gardiner in 1935. See No. 8318.



Subjects: ANCIENT MEDICINE › Egypt, ANCIENT MEDICINE › Medical Papyri, Colon & Rectal Diseases & Surgery
  • 356.1

English naturalists from Neckham to Ray.

Cambridge, England: University Press, 1947.


Subjects: BIOLOGY › History of Biology, NATURAL HISTORY › History of Natural History, ZOOLOGY › History of Zoology
  • 971.1

Analyzer for accurate estimate of respiratory gases in one-half cubic centimeter samples.

J. Biol. Chem., 167, 235-50, 1947.

An improvement on the classic Haldane method for analyzing oxygen and carbon dioxide in respiratory gases. It provides comparable accuracy over a wider range of gas concentrations with a gas sample of only 0.5 ml instead of 25 ml.



Subjects: RESPIRATION, RESPIRATION › Respiratory Physiology
  • 4615.1

Fluorescein as an agent in the differentiation of normal and malignant tissues.

Science, 106, 130-31, 1947.

Radioactive isotopes used in neuroradiology. See also Science, 1948, 107, 569-71.



Subjects: NEUROLOGY › Neuroradiology
  • 1090

Unidentified growth factors for Lactobacillus lactis in refined liver extract.

J. biol. Chem., 169, 455-56, 1947.

Mary Shorb provided a method of biological assay of liver extracts that made possible the isolation of vitamin B12.



Subjects: NUTRITION / DIET › Vitamins, WOMEN, Publications by › Years 1900 - 1999
  • 912.5

The coagulation of blood. Investigations on a new clotting factor.

Acta med. scand. Suppl. 194, 1-327, 1947.

Discovery of the Factor V. Preliminary account in Proc. Norwegian Acad. Sci., 1941, 17, 21.



Subjects: HEMATOLOGY › Coagulation
  • 913

A new human iso-agglutinin subdividing the MN blood groups.

Nature (Lond.), 160, 504-5, 1947.

S blood-group antigen.



Subjects: HEMATOLOGY › Blood Groups, WOMEN, Publications by › Years 1900 - 1999
  • 751.4

Enzymatic reactions in carbohydrate metabolism.

Harvey Lect. (1945-46), 41, 253-72, 1947.

Carl Cori and his wife Gerty Cori (1896-1957) shared the Nobel Prize (with Houssay) in 1947 for their researches on the course of the catalytic transformation of glycogens. They are more often remembered for the Cori cycle (see No. 12327).



Subjects: BIOCHEMISTRY › Metabolism
  • 1244.2

The antidiuretic hormone and the factors which determine its release.

Proc. Roy. Soc. B, 135, 26-106, 1947.

Verney elucidated the factors that determine the release of antidiuretic hormone, and introduced the osmoreceptor concept.



Subjects: Genito-Urinary System › Kidney: Urinary Secretion, NEPHROLOGY › Renal Physiology
  • 1245

Studies of the renal circulation.

Oxford: Blackwell, 1947.

With A. E. Barclay, P. M. Daniel, K. J. Franklin, and M. M. L. Prichard. In studying the anurias which follow injury, especially crushing injuries and burns, Trueta’s team demonstrated that both the processes of filtration and of re-absorption are subject to nervous control, leading to the development of a more rational therapy for these conditions.



Subjects: Genito-Urinary System › Kidney: Urinary Secretion, NEPHROLOGY › Renal Physiology
  • 1668

A guide to the history of physical education. 3rd edition, revised and enlarged by George Affleck.

Philadelphia: Lea & Febiger, 1947.

Digital facsimile from the Hathi Trust at this link.



Subjects: PHYSICAL MEDICINE / REHABILITATION › Exercise / Training / Fitness, PUBLIC HEALTH › History of Public Health
  • 2063

A critical study of the origins and early development of hypodermic medication.

J. Hist. Med., 2, 201-49, 1947.


Subjects: INSTRUMENTS & TECHNOLOGIES › Medical Instruments › Hypodermic Needle , THERAPEUTICS › History of Therapeutics
  • 2090

Curare, its history, nature, and clinical use.

Chicago, IL: University Press, 1947.


Subjects: ANESTHESIA › History of Anesthesia, TOXICOLOGY › History of Toxicology, TOXICOLOGY › Venoms
  • 1937

“Aerosporin”, an antibiotic produced by Bacillus aerosporus Greer.

Nature (Lond.), 160, 263, 1947.

Discovery of aerosporin (polymyxin). With A. M. Brown and G. Brownlee.



Subjects: BACTERIOLOGY, PHARMACOLOGY › PHARMACEUTICALS › Antibiotics
  • 1938

Chloromycetin, a new antibiotic from a soil actinomycete.

Science, 106, 417, 1947.

Production of chloramphenicol from Streptomyces venezuelae. With Q. R. Bartz, R. M. Smith, D. A. Joslyn and P. R. Burkholder.



Subjects: PHARMACOLOGY › PHARMACEUTICALS › Antibiotics
  • 1939

Procaine penicillin G (duracillin); a new salt of penicillin which prolongs the action of penicillin.

Proc. Mayo Clin., 22, 567-70, 1947.

Procaine benzylpenicillin also known as penicillin G procaine was developed by Herrell and colleagues. With D.R. Nichols.



Subjects: ANESTHESIA, PHARMACOLOGY › PHARMACEUTICALS › Antibiotics › Penicillin
  • 1941

Polymyxin: a new chemotherapeutic agent.

Bull. Johns Hopk. Hosp., 81, 43-54, 1947.

With R. G. Shepherd and H. J. White.



Subjects: PHARMACOLOGY › PHARMACEUTICALS › Antibiotics
  • 1534

Sensory mechanisms of the retina: with an appendix on electroretinography.

London: Geoffrey Cumberlege, 1947.

An account of twenty years’ work on the electrical responses of the retina, a discussion of visual purple and visual violet, and an exposition of Granit’s hypothesis of colour vision. His researches have done much to elucidate the mechanism of visual processes. In 1967 he shared the Nobel Prize with Hartline (No. 1532) and G. Wald.



Subjects: OPHTHALMOLOGY › Physiology of Vision
  • 2660

Effect of intraperitoneal injection of malignant urine extracts in normal and hypophysectomized rats.

Science, 105, 475-76, 1947.

Test for diagnosis of cancer. With B. Halperin and S. H. Libert.



Subjects: ONCOLOGY & CANCER
  • 195

The use of blood groups in anthropology.

J. roy. anthrop. Inst., 77, 139-44, 1947.


Subjects: ANTHROPOLOGY › Medical Anthropology, HEMATOLOGY › Blood Groups
  • 3107

Action hypoprothrombinémiante (anti-K) de la phényl-indanedione étudiée expérimentalement chez le lapin. Son application chez l’homme.

C. R. Soc. Biol. (Paris), 141, 1007-11, 1947.

Introduction of phenylindanedione.



Subjects: HEMATOLOGY
  • 3153

Intravenous administration of iron.

Lancet, 2, 49-51, 1947.


Subjects: HEMATOLOGY › Anemia & Chlorosis
  • 3558

Atresia of the ileum. First successful case cured by enterostomy alone.

Pediat., 30, 679-85, 1947.


Subjects: SURGERY: General › Upper Gastrointestinal Surgery
  • 2876

Electrokymograph for recording heart motion, improved type.

Amer. J. Roentgenol., 57, 409-16, 1947.

With B. R. Boone and W. E. Chamberlain.



Subjects: CARDIOLOGY › Tests for Heart & Circulatory Function
  • 2877

Circulatory failure studied by means of venous catheterization.

Advanc. intern. Med., 2, 64-101, 1947.


Subjects: CARDIOLOGY › Interventional Cardiology › Cardiac Catheterization
  • 2878

Congenital malformations of the heart.

New York: Commonwealth Fund, 1947.

This 618-page work, which required ten years to write, was the first "definitive textbook" of congenital heart defects, a subspecialty of pediatrics that Taussig created. The second edition, published in 1960, was essentially doubled in length to about 1250 pages and extended to two volumes.



Subjects: CARDIOLOGY › Congenital Heart Defects, CARDIOLOGY › Pediatric Cardiology, GENETICS / HEREDITY › HEREDITARY / CONGENITAL DISEASES OR DISORDERS › Congenital Heart Defects, WOMEN, Publications by › Years 1900 - 1999
  • 2878.1

Ventricular fibrillation of long duration abolished by electric shock.

J. Amer. med. Assoc., 135, 985-86, 1947.

The first successful defibrillation of a surgical patient, with the chest opened, and the paddles applied directly to the heart. With  H.S. Feil.



Subjects: CARDIOLOGY › CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE › Arrythmias, CARDIOLOGY › CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE › Arrythmias › External Defibrillator, CARDIOVASCULAR (Cardiac) SURGERY
  • 3412.3

A new audiometer.

Acta oto-laryng. (Stockh.), 35, 411-22, 1947.

Semi-automatic (Békésy) audiometer.



Subjects: INSTRUMENTS & TECHNOLOGIES, OTOLOGY › Audiology, OTOLOGY › Otologic Instruments
  • 3019.1

Sur la désobstruction des thromboses artérielles anciennes.

Mém. Acad. Chir. (Paris), 73, 409-16, 1947.

In 1946 Santos removed a thrombus and atheroma plaque from an artery in order to unblock it, and, using the knowledge acquired from Gordon Murray, placed the patient on heparin in order to avoid re-thrombosis. Called endarteriectomy, this technique spread around the world and remains the method of choice for treating severe stenoses and segmental obstructions in the arteries.



Subjects: CARDIOLOGY › CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE › Thrombosis / Embolism, VASCULAR SURGERY › Thrombosis / Embolism
  • 4912.1

Stereotaxic apparatus for operations on the human brain.

Science, 106, 349-50, 1947.

"The first successful cranial application of stereotactic surgery in humans is credited to the team of Ernest Spiegel and Henry Wycis in the Department of Experimental Neurology at Temple University in Philadelphia (Spiegel et al. 1947). Their original frame, using a Cartesian coordinate systems and similar in design and operation to the Clarke-Horsley device, was fixed to a patient’s head by means of a plaster cast. The frame and cast were removable, allowing separate imaging and surgery sessions. Contrast radiographyventriculography and later pneumoencephalography permitted the visualization of intracranial reference points from which the location of target structures of interest could be determined. Initial applications were for psychosurgery.[7](Wikipedia article on Ernst Adolf Spiegel, accessed 3-2020)

 With M. Marks, and A. J. Lee.



Subjects: INSTRUMENTS & TECHNOLOGIES › Surgical Instruments › Stereotactic Surgery, NEUROSURGERY › Psychosurgery, NEUROSURGERY › Stereotactic Neurosurgery
  • 5733

The development of inhalation anaesthesia, with special reference to the years 1846-1900.

London: Oxford University Press, 1947.

Publications of the Wellcome Historical Medical Museum, New series, No. 2. Digital facsimile from the Internet Archive at this link.



Subjects: ANESTHESIA › History of Anesthesia
  • 5351.3

Experimental chemotherapy of filariasis. III. Effect of 1-diethylcarbamyl-4-methyl-piperazine hydrochloride against naturally acquired filarial infections in cotton rats and dogs.

J. Lab. clin. Med., 32, 1314-29, 1947.

Proof of antifilarial action of diethylcarbarmazine citrate (hetrazan). With S. Kushner, H. W. Stewart, E. White, W. S. Wallace, and Y. Subbarow.



Subjects: INFECTIOUS DISEASE › DISEASES DUE TO METAZOAN PARASITES, PHARMACOLOGY › Chemotherapy
  • 5351.4

Sur la chimiothérapie de l’onchocercose. (Note préliminaire).

Ann. Soc. belge Méd. trop., 27, 173-77, 1947.

First effective chemotherapy (suramin) for onchocerciasis.  With C. Heurard, E. Peel, and M. Wanson.



Subjects: INFECTIOUS DISEASE › DISEASES DUE TO METAZOAN PARASITES, INFECTIOUS DISEASE › VECTOR-BORNE DISEASES › Black Fly-Borne Diseases › Onchocerciasis (river blindness), OPHTHALMOLOGY › Ophthalmic Parasitology, PHARMACOLOGY › Chemotherapy
  • 6629

Magic and healing.

London: Rider, 1947.


Subjects: Magic & Superstition in Medicine
  • 6650.1

Frauen in der abendländischen Heilkunde, vom klassischen Altertum bis zum Ausgang des 19. Jahrhunderts.

Stuttgart: Ferdinand Enke, 1947.


Subjects: WOMEN in Medicine & the Life Sciences, Publications About
  • 6739

Wayfarers in medicine.

London: Heinemann, 1947.


Subjects: BIOGRAPHY (Reference Works)
  • 6234

Reacción diagnóstica del embarazo en la que se usa el sapo macho como animal reactivo.

Sem. méd. (B. Aires), 1, 337-40, 1947.

Male toad test. An English account is in J. clin. Endocr., 1947, 7, 653-58.



Subjects: COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › Argentina, ENDOCRINOLOGY, OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › OBSTETRICS
  • 6311

The secret instrument. The birth of the midwifery forceps.

London: Heinemann, 1947.

Reprinted with No. 6311.5, San Francisco, Norman Publishing, 1989.



Subjects: INSTRUMENTS & TECHNOLOGIES › History of Biomedical Instrumentation, INSTRUMENTS & TECHNOLOGIES › Medical Instruments › Forceps, OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › OBSTETRICS › History of Obstetrics
  • 6529

Das medizinische Wien: Geschichte, Werden, Würdigung. 2nd ed.

Vienna: Urban & Schwarzenberg, 1947.


Subjects: COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › Austria
  • 6556

Histoire de la médecine française: son passé, son présent, son avenir.

Paris: Editions Nagel, 1947.


Subjects: COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › France
  • 6569

Medicine and health in the Soviet Union.

New York: Citadel Press, 1947.


Subjects: COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › Russia
  • 6579.1

História da medicina portuguesa.

Lisbon: Empresa Nacional de Publicidade, 1947.


Subjects: COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › Portugal
  • 6781

A check-list of medical books published in English before 1600.

Bull Hist. Med., 21, 922-58, 1947.


Subjects: BIBLIOGRAPHY
  • 6440

History of medicine. A correlative text arranged according to subjects by Cecilia Mettler. Edited by Fred A Mettler.

Philadelphia: Blakiston, 1947.

Posthumously published after the author died three days after childbirth.



Subjects: History of Medicine: General Works, WOMEN, Publications by › Years 1900 - 1999
  • 6441

Storia della medicina. 2 vols.

Milan: Soc. Editrice Libraria, 1947.


Subjects: History of Medicine: General Works
  • 6595

American medical research, past and present.

New York: Commonwealth Fund, 1947.


Subjects: COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › United States , Social or Sociopolitical Histories of Medicine & the Life Sciences
  • 6601

Historia da medicina no Brasil. (Do século XVI ao século XIX). 2 vols.

São Paulo, Brazil: Edit. Brasiliense, 1947.


Subjects: COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › Brazil, Latin American Medicine › History of Latin American Medicine
  • 6601.1

Bosquejo histórico de la farmacia y la medicina en Honduras.

Tegucigalpa (Téguz), Honduras: Ariston, 1947.


Subjects: COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › Honduras, Latin American Medicine › History of Latin American Medicine
  • 1940
  • 5402

Chloromycetin, an antibiotic with chemotherapeutic activity in experimental rickettsial and viral infections.

Science, 106, 418-419, 1947.

Introduction of chloramphenicol, used in treatment of typhus.



Subjects: INFECTIOUS DISEASE › VECTOR-BORNE DISEASES › Lice-Borne Diseases › Typhus, PHARMACOLOGY › PHARMACEUTICALS › Antibiotics, WOMEN, Publications by › Years 1900 - 1999
  • 6940

Nicolaus Pol Doctor 1494 by Max H. Fisch. With a critical text of his guaiac tract, edited with a translation by Dorothy M. Schullian.

New York: Herbert Reichner for the Cleveland Medical Library Association, 1947.

The 1494 in the title comes from the year in which Pol became a  physician, and his habit of writing his name and that date in his books. The volume includes a study of books from Nicolaus Pol's library in Cleveland and Yale, and a list of printed books and manuscripts known to have belonged to Pol, estimated possibly as high as 1350 volumes—an enormous, and unlikely number for the time. After Pol's death in 1532, his library passed to Innichen Abbey in South Tyrol. Surviving volumes of his library are now scattered; some are in Innichen, Innsbruck, and Vienna, and in the USA in the National Library of Medicine, Yale and in the Dittrick Museum of Medical History, Cleveland (33 volumes bought in 1929 from Maggs Bros., for GBP 2,500).



Subjects: BIBLIOGRAPHY › Catalogues of Physicians' / Scientists' Libraries, PHARMACOLOGY › PHARMACEUTICALS › Materia medica / Herbals / Herbal Medicines
  • 7396

A treatise on gonioscopy.

Philadelphia: F. A. Davis, 1947.

The first comprehensive book on gonioscopy.



Subjects: OPHTHALMOLOGY
  • 7892

Das Diktat der Menschenverachtung. Der Nürnberger Ärzteprozeß und seine Quellen.

Heidelberg: Lambert Schneider, 1947.

English version: Doctors of infamy. The story of the Nazi medical crimes, translated from German by Heinz Norden. With statements of 3 American authorities identified with the Nuremberg medical trial and a note on medical ethics by Albert Deutsch. New York: Henry Schuman, 1949.  Expanded German edition, 1949: Wissenschaft ohne Menschlichkeit. Medizinische und Eugenische Irrwege unter Diktatur, Bürokratie und Krieg.  Further revised and expanded edition, 1960: Medizin ohne Menschlichkeit. Dokumente des Nürnberger Ärzteprozesses.

 



Subjects: COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › Germany, Crimes / Frauds / Hoaxes, Ethics, Biomedical › History of Biomedical Ethics
  • 8644

A history of the American Medical Association 1847 to 1947.

Philadelphia: W. B. Saunders, 1947.


Subjects: COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › United States , Education, Biomedical, & Biomedical Profession › History of Biomedical Education & Medical Profession, Ethics, Biomedical › History of Biomedical Ethics, Societies and Associations, Medical
  • 9080

The medical writings of Anonymus Londinensis.

Cambridge, England: Cambridge University Press, 1947.

The text edited by Diels, with an English translation, introduction and notes by Jones, together with essays on the nature of Greek thought and medicine.



Subjects: ANCIENT MEDICINE › Greece, ANCIENT MEDICINE › Late Antiquity, ANCIENT MEDICINE › Medical Papyri
  • 9343

Healing herbs of the upper Rio Grande.

Sante Fe, NM: Laboratory of Anthropology, 1947.

Revised and edited by Michael Moore as Healing herbs of the upper Rio Grande: Traditional medicine of the Southwest (Sante Fe: Western Edge Press, 1997).



Subjects: BOTANY › Ethnobotany, PHARMACOLOGY › PHARMACEUTICALS › Materia medica / Herbals / Herbal Medicines
  • 10216

The ranks of death: A medical history of the conquest of America. By the late Colonel P. M. Ashburn...Edited by Frank D. Ashburn.

New York: Coward-McCann, 1947.

Digital facsimile from the Hathi Trust at this link.



Subjects: Biogeography › History of Biogeography, EPIDEMIOLOGY › History of Epidemiology, NATIVE AMERICANS & Medicine
  • 10284

The doctor in Oregon: A medical history.

Portland, OR: Oregon Historical Society, 1947.


Subjects: COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › United States › American Northwest, U.S.: CONTENT OF PUBLICATIONS BY STATE & TERRITORY › Oregon
  • 10692

A study of nerve physiology. 2 vols.

New York: Rockefeller Institute for Medical Research, 1947.

See, Jorge A. Larriva-Sahd, "Some predictions of Rafael Lorente de Nó 80 years later," Frontiers in neuoranatomy, 8 (2014) 147.



Subjects: Neurophysiology
  • 10822

The diagnosis of the acute abdomen in rhyme by Zeta.

London: H. K. Lewis, 1947.

 Cope published this humorous version of his Early diagnosis of the acute abdomen under the pseudonym Zeta.



Subjects: LITERATURE / Philosophy & Medicine & Biology › Poetry , SURGERY: General
  • 11066

Nos hôpitaux Parisiens. Un siècle d'histoire hospitalière. Deux siècles d'histoire hôpitalière de Henri IV à Louis-Philippe (1602-1836). 2 vols.

Paris: Paul Dupont, 1947.


Subjects: COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › France, HOSPITALS › History of Hospitals
  • 11392

Research and writings on training, conditioning, treatment of athletic injuries, and corrective work. 2 vols.

Pullman, WA: State College of Washington, 1947.

Bohm was probably the first full-time professional physician in professional sports. 



Subjects: PHYSICAL MEDICINE / REHABILITATION › Exercise / Training / Fitness, Sports Medicine
  • 11511

Development of an artificial kidney: Experimental and clinical experiences.

Arch. Surg., 55, 505-522, 1947.

".... a significant contribution to renal therapies was made by Canadian surgeon Gordon Murray with the assistance of two doctors, an undergraduate chemistry student, and research staff. Murray's work was conducted simultaneously and independently from that of Kolff. Murray's work led to the first successful artificial kidney built in North America in 1945–46, which was successfully used to treat a 26-year-old woman out of a uraemic coma in Toronto. The less-crude, more compact, second-generation "Murray-Roschlau" dialyser was invented in 1952–53, whose designs were stolen by German immigrant Erwin Halstrup, and passed off as his own (the "Halstrup–Baumann artificial kidney").[26] (Wikipedia article on hemodialysis, accessed 1-2020)

With Edmund Delorme and Newell Thomas.



Subjects: NEPHROLOGY › Renal Disease › Dialysis
  • 12814

Medical care and the plight of the Negro.

New York: National Association for the Advancement of Colored People, 1947.


Subjects: AFRICAN AMERICANS & MEDICINE & BIOLOGY
  • 13043

Physicians' desk reference to pharmaceutical specialties and biologicals.

Rutherford, NJ, 1947.

  • 13043

Physicians' desk reference to pharmaceutical specialties and biologicals. Richard R. Maehler, Editor of Compilation and Arrangement.

Rutherford, NJ: Medical Economics, Inc., 1947.

This work underwent its 71st edition in 2017.



Subjects: PHARMACOLOGY › PHARMACEUTICALS
  • 13113

The effects of atomic bombs on health and medical services in Hiroshima and Nagasaki. The United States Strategic Bombing Survey, Medical Division.

Washington, DC: Government Printing Office, 1947.

Digital facsimile from U.S. National Library of Medicine at this link.



Subjects: MILITARY MEDICINE & HYGIENE › World War II, TOXICOLOGY › Radiation Exposure
  • 13496

La contribución del Ecuador a la material médica: La quina.

Quito, Peru: Casa de la Cultura Ecuatoriana, 1947.


Subjects: COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › Ecuador, PHARMACOLOGY › PHARMACEUTICALS › Botanic Sources of Single Component Drugs › Cinchona Bark › Quinine
  • 13575

Clinical neuro-ophthalmology.

Baltimore, MD: Williams & Wilkins, 1947.

Considered first textbook on neuro-ophthalmology.



Subjects: OPHTHALMOLOGY › Neuro-ophthalmology
  • 566.2

The growth in vitro of single isolated tissue cells.

J. nat. Cancer Inst., 9, 229-46, 1948.

Sanford was the first to clone in vitro a single living cell of a mammal—in this instance, a rodent. She performed this feat in search of a means to research how cells transform into malignancy.



Subjects: BIOLOGY › Cell Biology, WOMEN, Publications by › Years 1900 - 1999
  • 4482

Source book of orthopaedics.

Baltimore, MD: Williams & Wilkins, 1948.

A concise, thematic history of orthopedic surgery from the earliest times. Includes a useful bibliography. Reprinted 1968.



Subjects: ORTHOPEDICS › History of Orthopedics, Fractures
  • 4615.2

The clinical use of fluorescein in neurosurgery; localization of brain tumors.

J. Neurosurg., 5, 392-98, 1948.

Tumor localization by radio-isotopes. With W. T. Peyton, L. A. French, and W. W. Walker. Preliminary reports in Science, 1947, 106, 130-31; 1948, 107, 569-71.



Subjects: NEUROSURGERY › Oncological, RADIOLOGY
  • 1091

Crystalline vitamin B12.

Science, 107, 396-97, 1948.

With N. G. Brink, F. R. Koniuszy, T. R. Wood, and K. Folkers.



Subjects: NUTRITION / DIET › Vitamins
  • 1092

Presence of cobalt in the anti-pernicious anaemia factor.

Nature (Lond.), 162, 144-45, 1948.

Independently of Rickes et al., Lester Smith isolated vitamin B12 in Britain. See also Nature (Lond.), 1948, 161, 638.



Subjects: HEMATOLOGY › Anemia & Chlorosis, NUTRITION / DIET › Deficiency Diseases, NUTRITION / DIET › Vitamins
  • 2010.3

A linear electron accelerator.

Rev. sci. lnstrum., 19, 89-108, 1948.

With W. R. Kennedy.



Subjects: THERAPEUTICS
  • 139.1

The cell-theory: a restatement, history, and critique.

Q. J. micr. Sci., 89, 103-25, 90, 87-108; 93, 157-90., 1948, 1952.


Subjects: BIOLOGY › Cell Biology, BIOLOGY › History of Biology
  • 1669

The dawn of Scottish social welfare. A survey from medieval times to 1863.

London: Nelson, 1948.


Subjects: COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › Scotland, PUBLIC HEALTH › History of Public Health, Social or Sociopolitical Histories of Medicine & the Life Sciences
  • 1451.1

Die funktionelle Organisation des vegetativen Nervensystems.

Basel: B. Schwabe, 1948.

Hess shared the Nobel Prize with Egas Moniz in 1949 for his discovery of the functional organization of the interbrain as a co-ordinator of the activities of the internal organs.



Subjects: NEUROSCIENCE › NERVOUS SYSTEM › Brain, including Medulla: Cerebrospinal Fluid
  • 2091

The sensitizing effect of tetraethylthiuramdisulphide (Antabuse) to ethyl alcohol.

Acta pharmacol. (Kbh.), 4, 285-96, 1948.

Introduction of “antabuse” in the treatment of alcoholism. With E. Jacobsen and V. Larsen. See also Lancet, 1948, 2, 1004.



Subjects: PHARMACOLOGY › PHARMACEUTICALS › Anti-Addiction Medications, TOXICOLOGY › Drug Addiction, TOXICOLOGY › Drug Addiction › Alcoholism
  • 2135.1

Occupational marks and other physical signs. A guide to personal identification.

New York: Grune & Stratton, 1948.

Calluses, other dermatological and physical signs of professions and occupations illustrated and described, with an annotated bibliography that includes some historical references.



Subjects: DERMATOLOGY, OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH & MEDICINE
  • 2137

History of factory and mine hygiene.

New York: Columbia University Press, 1948.


Subjects: OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH & MEDICINE › History of Occupational Health & Medicine, OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH & MEDICINE › Miners' Diseases
  • 2138

Aviation medicine in its preventive aspects: an historical survey.

London: Oxford University Press, 1948.


Subjects: AVIATION Medicine › History of Aviation / Aerospace Medicine
  • 1929.2

The occurrence of nucleases in culture filtrates of group A hemolytic streptococci.

J. exp. Med., 88, 181-88, 1948.

Streptodornase. See also W. S. Tillett et al., Proc. Soc. exp. Biol. (N. Y.), 1948, 68, 184-88.



Subjects: BIOCHEMISTRY, BIOLOGY › MOLECULAR BIOLOGY
  • 1929.4

A study of the adrenotropic receptors.

Am. J. Physiol., 153, 586-600, 1948.

Described the concept of α and β adrenergic receptors in the sympathetic nervous system, and placed specific receptors into pharmacologic mechanisms.



Subjects: Neurophysiology, PHARMACOLOGY
  • 1943

Ricerche su di un nuovo antibiotico.

Lav. Ist. Ig. Univ. Cagliari, pp. 1-11, 1948.

Brotzu showed that a Cephalosporium acremonium filtrate inhibited the growth of Gram-positive and -negative organisms.



Subjects: PHARMACOLOGY › PHARMACEUTICALS › Antibiotics
  • 2442.1

Leprosy treated with sulphetrone in 1943.

Proc. roy. Soc. Med., 41, 309-10, 1948.

Clinical use of solapsone (sulphetrone).



Subjects: INFECTIOUS DISEASE › Leprosy, PHARMACOLOGY › PHARMACEUTICALS › Anti-Leprosy Drugs
  • 1716

Medical statistics from Graunt to Farr.

Cambridge, England: University Press, 1948.

FitzPatrick Lectures, 1941 and 1943.



Subjects: DEMOGRAPHY / Population: Medical Statistics › History of Demography, Statistics, Biomedical › History of Biomedical Statistics
  • 2660.1

Temporary remissions in acute leukemia in children produced by folic acid antagonist 4-amethopteroylglutamic acid (aminopterin).

New Engl. J. Med. 238, 787-93, 1948.

With L. K. Diamond, R. D. Mercer, R. F. Sylvester, and V. A. Wolff.



Subjects: ONCOLOGY & CANCER, ONCOLOGY & CANCER › Leukemia, PHARMACOLOGY › PHARMACEUTICALS › Anti-Cancer Drugs
  • 2662.1

Index to the literature of experimental cancer research 1900-1935.

Lancaster, Pa: Wickersham Printing Co., 1948.

Divided into author and subject sections.



Subjects: BIBLIOGRAPHY › Bibliographies of Specific Subjects, ONCOLOGY & CANCER › History of Oncology & Cancer
  • 2526

A new mycobacterial infection in man.

J. Path. Bact., 60, 93-122, 1948.

Myco. ulcerans first described. With J. C. Tolhurst, G. Buckle, and H. A. Sissons.



Subjects: BACTERIOLOGY › BACTERIA (mostly pathogenic; sometimes indexed only to genus) › Gram-Positive Bacteria › Mycobacterium
  • 3046

Pulmonary valvulotomy for the relief of congenital pulmonary stenosis. Report of three cases.

Brit. med. J., 1, 1121-26, 1948.

"Brock performed the first successful valvotomies for isolated pulmonary stenosis in 1948. He gained access to the blood-filled beating heart through a small incision in the right ventricle through which he passed a valvulotome that was used to enlarge the opening of the stenotic value" (W. Bruce Fye). See Brock's book, The anatomy of congenital pulmonary stenosis, London, 1957.



Subjects: CARDIOLOGY › CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE › Heart Valve Disease, CARDIOVASCULAR (Cardiac) SURGERY, GENETICS / HEREDITY › HEREDITARY / CONGENITAL DISEASES OR DISORDERS › Congenital Heart Defects
  • 3046.1

The surgical treatment of mitral stenosis. 1. Valvuloplasty.

New Engl. J. Med., 239, 801-09, 1948.

Valvuloplasty for mitral stenosis. Harken reported the first successful intracardiac operation for treatment of this lesion--a procedure was first attempted in the 1920s. Charles Bailey in Philadelphia undertook a similar approach at the same time, and according to Lawrence Cohn "These surgeons began the 'modern' era of cardiac surgery." (L. H. Cohn, "Surgical Treatment of Valvular Heart Disease," Am. J. Surg. 135, 444-451, 1978). With L. B. Ellis, P. F. Ware. 



Subjects: CARDIOLOGY › CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE › Heart Valve Disease, CARDIOVASCULAR (Cardiac) SURGERY, WOMEN, Publications by › Years 1900 - 1999
  • 3046.2

Surgery of pulmonary stenosis. A case in which the pulmonary valve was successfully divided.

Lancet, 1, 988-9, 1948.

Operation Dec. 4, 1947.



Subjects: CARDIOLOGY › CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE › Heart Valve Disease, CARDIOVASCULAR (Cardiac) SURGERY
  • 3047

A venous shunt for marked mitral stenosis.

Amer. Practit., 2, 756-61, 1948.

First pulmonary-azygos shunt operation for relief of mitral stenosis. Two further patients were operated upon later the same year; all three are reported in J. AmermedAss.,1949, 140, 1259. A similar procedure was successfully employed independently by F. d’Allaines and his colleagues in 1949 (Mém. Acad. Chir., Paris, 1949, 75, 318-19).



Subjects: CARDIOLOGY › CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE › Heart Valve Disease, CARDIOVASCULAR (Cardiac) SURGERY
  • 3107.1

Replacement transfusion as a treatment for erythroblastosis fetalis.

Pediatrics, 2, 520-24, 1948.

Exchange transfusion.



Subjects: PEDIATRICS, THERAPEUTICS › Blood Transfusion
  • 2237.1

Presentation of two bone marrow elements: The “Tart” cell and the “L. E”. cell.

Proc. Mayo Clin., 23, 25-28, 1948.

The Hargraves “L. E”. cell, a diagnostic aid in acute disseminated lupus erythematosus. With H. Richmond and R. J. Morton. First reported by Morton in A study of the bone marrow in cases of disseminated lupus erythematosus, his Univeristy of Minnesota thesis, 1947, prepared under the guidance of Hargraves.



Subjects: Medicine: General Works
  • 3107.2

The reduction of methaemoglobin in red blood cells and studies on the cause of idiopathic methaemoglobinaemia.

Biochem. J., 42, 13-23, 1948.

Cause of hereditary methemoglobinemia elucidated.



Subjects: GENETICS / HEREDITY › HEREDITARY / CONGENITAL DISEASES OR DISORDERS › Blood Disorders › Congenital Methemoglobinemia, HEMATOLOGY › Blood Disorders
  • 3108

Klinische Erfahrungen mit einem neuen Präparat der Cumarinreihe.

Schweiz. med. Wschr., 78, 785-90, 1948.

Introduction of ethyl biscoumacetate (“tromexan”).



Subjects: HEMATOLOGY
  • 3154

Activity of vitaminB12 in Addisonian pernicious anemia.

Science, 107, 398, 1948.

First demonstration of the effectiveness of vitamin B12 in pernicious anemia.



Subjects: HEMATOLOGY › Anemia & Chlorosis
  • 3160

A history of the heart and circulation.

Philadelphia: W. B. Saunders, 1948.


Subjects: CARDIOLOGY › History of Cardiology
  • 2578.6

In vitro method for testing the toxin-producing capacity of diphtheria bacteria.

Acta Path. Microbiol. Scand., 25, 186-91, 1948.

Agar gel immunodiffusion.



Subjects: IMMUNOLOGY, INFECTIOUS DISEASE › Diphtheria
  • 2879

Thoracic aortography. Preliminary report.

Acta radiol. (Stockh.), 29, 181-88, 1948.

With H. E. Hanson and J. Karnell.



Subjects: CARDIOLOGY › CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE › Aortic Diseases, CARDIOLOGY › Tests for Heart & Circulatory Function, IMAGING › X-ray
  • 2880

Penicillin in subacute bacterial endocarditis. Report to the Medical Research Council on 269 patients treated in 14 centres appointed by the Penicillin Clinical Trials Committee.

Brit. med. J., 1, 1-4, 1948.


Subjects: CARDIOLOGY › CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE › Endocarditis, INFECTIOUS DISEASE › Endocarditis, PHARMACOLOGY › PHARMACEUTICALS › Antibiotics › Penicillin
  • 3611.2

Inguinal and femoral hernioplasty: anatomic repair.

Arch. Surg., 57, 524-30, 1948.

The McVay or Cooper ligament repair.



Subjects: SURGERY: General › Hernia
  • 3908

Studies in growth. I. Interrelationship between pituitary growth factor and growth-promoting androgens in acromegaly and gigantism. II. Quantitative evaluation of bone and soft tissue growth in acromegaly and gigantism.

J. clin. Endocr., 8, 1013-36, 1948.

L. W. Kinsell, G. D. Michaels, C. H. Li, and W. E. Larsen showed that there is an increase in growth hormone in plasma in acromegaly.



Subjects: ENDOCRINOLOGY › Pituitary
  • 2993

Cellophane treatment of syphilitic aneurysms with report of results in six cases.

Amer. Heart J., 36, 252-56, 1948.


Subjects: CARDIOLOGY › CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE › Aneurysms, INFECTIOUS DISEASE › SEXUALLY TRANSMITTED DISEASES › Syphilis
  • 3977

Experimental diabetes produced by the administration of glucose.

Endocrinology, 42, 244-62, 1948.

Experimental diabetes produced by artificially-induced hyperglycemia.



Subjects: Metabolism & Metabolic Disorders › Diabetes
  • 3020

Report of the Committee for the Evaluation of Anticoagulants in the Treatment of Coronary Thrombosis with Myocardial Infarction.

Amer. Heart J., 36, 801-15, 1948.

With C. D. Marple and D. F. Beck.



Subjects: CARDIOLOGY › CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE › Coronary Artery Disease › Myocardial Infarction, CARDIOLOGY › CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE › Thrombosis / Embolism
  • 3702

A history of dentistry. 2nd edition.

Philadelphia: Lea & Febiger, 1948.


Subjects: DENTISTRY › History of Dentistry
  • 3703

An introduction to the history of dentistry. 2 vols.

St. Louis, MO: C. V. Mosby Co., 1948.

The first volume covers the history to 1800; the second deals solely with the history of dentistry in America.



Subjects: DENTISTRY › History of Dentistry
  • 4154.1

Melanomas of childhood.

Amer. J. Path., 24, 591-609, 1948.

Spitz first defined the histologic criteria for the diagnosis of juvenile melanoma.



Subjects: DERMATOLOGY › Dermatopathology, DERMATOLOGY › Skin Cancer › Melanoma, ONCOLOGY & CANCER › Melanoma, PEDIATRICS, WOMEN, Publications by › Years 1900 - 1999
  • 1929.3
  • 5726

Curare-like action of polymethylene bis-quaternary ammonium salts.

Nature (Lond.), 161, 718-19, 1948.

Methonium compounds. See also the same journal, 1948, 162, 810.



Subjects: PHARMACOLOGY › PHARMACEUTICALS › Cardiovascular Medications, WOMEN, Publications by › Years 1900 - 1999
  • 4991.1

Cybernetics: or control and communication in the animal and the machine.

Paris: Hermann et Cie, 1948.

Foundation of "the science of control and communication theory, named ‘cybernetics’ by Wiener, from the Greek word ‘kubernetes’ or steersman. Automation, information feedback, regulators in engineering and biology, and bionics fall within its domain. His deep collaboration with Arturo Rosenblueth (a distinguished Mexican collaborator of Walter Cannon’s at Harvard) on this approach greatly extended its applicability to biological systems, including, very importantly, the nervous system" (Larry W. Swanson). 

Wiener's book was also the first commercially published book on electronic computing. Strangely, the first edition was published in English in Paris by Hermann, a publisher that specialized in mathematics. The first American edition issued by Wiley, later in 1948, was printed offset from the French sheets, reprinting the numerous typesetting errors present in the French publication of this English text. Though highly technical, the book caught the attention of a wide range of readers, most of whom could probably not understand the mathematics, and even though the American edition was reprinted several times to meet demand, Wiener did not correct the errors until the second edition, (Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press, 1961).



Subjects: COMPUTING/MATHEMATICS in Medicine & Biology, NEUROSCIENCE › Neurophysiology, PSYCHOLOGY
  • 5545

An unidentified, filterable agent isolated from the feces of children with paralysis.

Science, 108, 61-62, 1948.

Isolation of the Coxsackie virus from the stool of a patient residing in Coxsackie, New York.



Subjects: INFECTIOUS DISEASE › Coxsackie Virus Diseases, PEDIATRICS, VIROLOGY › VIRUSES (by Family) › Picornaviridae › Coxsackievirus, WOMEN, Publications by › Years 1900 - 1999
  • 6006

A short history of ophthalmology. 2nd ed.

London: Staples Press, 1948.


Subjects: OPHTHALMOLOGY › History of Ophthalmology
  • 6631.1

Music and medicine.

New York: Schuman, 1948.


Subjects: Music and Medicine
  • 6639.2

Medicine and science in postage stamps.

London: Harvey & Blythe, 1948.


Subjects: Philately, Medical
  • 6740

Lives of master surgeons.

New York: Froeben Press, 19481949.

One volume and supplement.



Subjects: BIOGRAPHY (Reference Works), SURGERY: General › History of Surgery
  • 6491

Hindu medicine.

Baltimore, MD: The Johns Hopkins University Press, 1948.


Subjects: ANCIENT MEDICINE › India › History of Ancient Medicine in India, COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › India
  • 6782

Encyclopedia of medical sources.

Baltimore, MD: Williams & Wilkins, 1948.

A valuable list of medical eponyms and original sources, arranged alphabetically by authors’ names.



Subjects: BIBLIOGRAPHY
  • 6443

Einführung in die Geschichte der Medizin in Einzeldarstellungen.

Iserlohn, Germany: Silva Verlag, 1948.


Subjects: History of Medicine: General Works
  • 5261.2

Pentaquine (Sn-13,276), a therapeutic agent effective in reducing the relapse rate in vivax malaria.

J. clin. Invest., 27, No. 3, pt. 2, 25-33, 1948.

Clinical trials of pentaquine. With B. Craige, R. Jones, C. M. Whorton, T. N. Pullman, and L. Eichelberger.



Subjects: INFECTIOUS DISEASE › VECTOR-BORNE DISEASES › Mosquito-Borne Diseases › Malaria, PARASITOLOGY › Plasmodia › P. vivax, P. falciparum, P. malariae, P. ovale, and P. knowlesi, PHARMACOLOGY › PHARMACEUTICALS › Antimalarial Drugs
  • 5262

The pre-erythrocytic stage of mammalian malaria.

Brit. med. J., 1, 192-94, 1948.

Demonstration of the pre-erythrocytic stage of P. cynomolgi in the monkey. With P. C. C. Garnham and B. Malamos. Preliminary communication in Nature (Lond.), 1948, 161, 126.



Subjects: INFECTIOUS DISEASE › VECTOR-BORNE DISEASES › Mosquito-Borne Diseases › Malaria, PARASITOLOGY › Plasmodia, VETERINARY MEDICINE › Veterinary Parasitology
  • 5262.1

The pre-erythrocytic stage of human malaria Plasmodium vivax.

Brit. med. J., 1, 547 (only), 1948.

With P. C. C. Garnham, G. Covell, and P. G. Shute.



Subjects: INFECTIOUS DISEASE › VECTOR-BORNE DISEASES › Mosquito-Borne Diseases › Malaria, PARASITOLOGY › Plasmodia › P. vivax, P. falciparum, P. malariae, P. ovale, and P. knowlesi
  • 6992

[Trials of] Burke and Hare, edited by William Roughead. Third edition.

London: William Hodge, 1948.

Notable British Trials Series. Transcripts of the trials of the most famous "resurrection men", with related documents. Digital facsimile from the Internet Archive at this link.



Subjects: ANATOMY › History of Anatomy, Crimes / Frauds / Hoaxes
  • 7038

Sexual behavior in the human male.

Philadelphia: W. B. Saunders, 1948.


Subjects: PSYCHOLOGY, SEXUALITY / Sexology
  • 7786

No place to hide.

Boston, MA: Little, Brown, 1948.

Bradley's autobiographical account of his work in the Radiological Safety Section in the Pacific in the aftermath of the Bikini atomic bomb tests, Operation Crossroads, alerted the world to the dangers of radioactive fallout from nuclear weapon explosions.



Subjects: PUBLIC HEALTH, TOXICOLOGY › Radiation Exposure
  • 7802

The estimation of acetanilide and its metabolic products, aniline, N-acetyl p-aminophenol and p-aminophenol (free and total conjugated) in biological fluids and tissues.

J. Pharmacol. Exp. Ther., 94, 22–28, 1948.

Brodie and Axelrod confirmed that paracetamol, also known as acetaminophen, was the major metabolite of acetanilide in human blood, and established that it was efficacious an analgesic. Unlike its precursors, paracetamol does not cause methemoglobinemia in humans. See also their follow-up papers:  "The fate of acetanilide in man" (PDF). J. Pharmacol. Exp. Ther., 94 (1948) 29–38., and Flinn, Frederick B., Brodie, B. B., "The effect on the pain threshold of N-acetyl p-aminophenol, a product derved in the body from acetanilide", J. Pharmacol. Exp. Ther., 94 (1948) 76-77.



Subjects: PAIN / Pain Management, PHARMACOLOGY › PHARMACEUTICALS › Acetaminophen
  • 7863

Aureomycin; a product of the continuing search for new antibiotics.

Ann N. Y. Acad. Sci., 51, 177-181., 1948.

Discovery of clortetracycline (trade name Aureomycin, Lederle) the first tetracycline antibiotic identified. Duggar,a plant physiologist, identified the antibiotic as the product of an actinomycete he cultured from a soil sample collected at the University of Missouri.



Subjects: PHARMACOLOGY › PHARMACEUTICALS › Antibiotics
  • 9024

The Pan American Sanitary Bureau: Its origin, developments and achievements, 1902-1944.

Washington, DC: Pan American Sanitary Bureau, 1948.


Subjects: Global Health, Latin American Medicine › History of Latin American Medicine, PUBLIC HEALTH › History of Public Health
  • 9179

The geographical distribution of cold-blooded vertebrates.

Q. Rev. Biol., 23, 1-28, 105-23., 1948.

"Darlington's most important contribution to science was his theory of the Old World tropical origin of dominant vertebrate groups. He first sketched out this formulation—which would influence research in zoogeography for a generation—in The Quarterly Review of Biology of 1948, then presented it in full dress in his 1957 text, Zoogeography: The Geographical Distribution of Animals." (E. O.Wilson)



Subjects: Biogeography › Zoogeography
  • 10204

The Ciba collection of medical illustrations. A compilation of pathological and anatomical paintings prepared by Frank H. Netter, M.D.

Summit, NJ: Ciba Pharmaceutical Products, Inc., 1948.

This was the first collection of anatomical images by Netter published in book form.



Subjects: ANATOMY › 20th Century, ANATOMY › Anatomical Illustration
  • 10356

WMA Declaration of Geneva.

Geneva, 19482017.

Modernized version of the Hippocratic Oath, promulgated in response to the Nuremberg War Crimes Trials.

https://www.wma.net/policies-post/wma-declaration-of-geneva/

"Adopted by the 2nd General Assembly of the World Medical Association, Geneva, Switzerland, September 1948
and amended by the 22nd World Medical Assembly, Sydney, Australia, August 1968
and the 35th World Medical Assembly, Venice, Italy, October 1983
and the 46th WMA General Assembly, Stockholm, Sweden, September 1994
and editorially revised by the 170th WMA Council Session, Divonne-les-Bains, France, May 2005
and the 173rd WMA Council Session, Divonne-les-Bains, France, May 2006
and amended by the 68th WMA General Assembly, Chicago, United States, October 2017

 

"The Physician’s Pledge

AS A MEMBER OF THE MEDICAL PROFESSION:

I SOLEMNLY PLEDGE to dedicate my life to the service of humanity;

THE HEALTH AND WELL-BEING OF MY PATIENT will be my first consideration;

I WILL RESPECT the autonomy and dignity of my patient;

I WILL MAINTAIN the utmost respect for human life;

I WILL NOT PERMIT considerations of age, disease or disability, creed, ethnic origin, gender, nationality, political affiliation, race, sexual orientation, social standing or any other factor to intervene between my duty and my patient;

I WILL RESPECT the secrets that are confided in me, even after the patient has died;

I WILL PRACTISE my profession with conscience and dignity and in accordance with good medical practice;

I WILL FOSTER the honour and noble traditions of the medical profession;

I WILL GIVE to my teachers, colleagues, and students the respect and gratitude that is their due;

I WILL SHARE my medical knowledge for the benefit of the patient and the advancement of healthcare;

I WILL ATTEND TO my own health, well-being, and abilities in order to provide care of the highest standard;

I WILL NOT USE my medical knowledge to violate human rights and civil liberties, even under threat;

I MAKE THESE PROMISES solemnly, freely, and upon my honour."

 



Subjects: Ethics, Biomedical
  • 10981

The Johns Hopkins Hospital and the Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine: A chronicle. 3 vols.

Baltimore, MD: The Johns Hopkins University Press, 19481963.

Vol. 1: Early Years 1867-1893; Vol. 2: 1893-1905; Vol. 3: 1905-1914.



Subjects: Education, Biomedical, & Biomedical Profession › History of Biomedical Education & Medical Profession, HOSPITALS › History of Hospitals, U.S.: CONTENT OF PUBLICATIONS BY STATE & TERRITORY › Maryland
  • 11620

Urological oddities.

Los Angeles, CA: [Privately Printed], 1948.


Subjects: ODDITIES & Curiosities, Biomedical, UROLOGY
  • 11766

Congenital anaomies of the heart and great vessels. Clinicopathologic study of 132 ases.

Springfield, IL: Charles C Thomas, 1948.

An extensively illustrated pathological-anatomical and physiological presentation with an historical approach.



Subjects: CARDIOLOGY › Congenital Heart Defects, CARDIOLOGY › Pediatric Cardiology
  • 11770

Bibliographie ornithologique française: [Vol.1:] Travaux publies en langue française et en latin en France et dans les Colonies Françaises de 1473 a 1944. [Vol. 2:] Abréviations des titres des publications périodiques cités dans la Bibliographie Ornithologique Française et Index méthodiques et systématiques. 2 vols.

Paris: Lechevalier, 19481949.


Subjects: BIBLIOGRAPHY › Bibliographies of Natural History, ZOOLOGY › Ornithology
  • 11946

La médecine et l'eglise: Contribution à l'histoire de l'exercice médical par les clercs.

Paris: Collection Hippocrate, 1948.


Subjects: RELIGION & Medicine & the Life Sciences
  • 12191

A bibliographical sourcebook of compressed air, diving and submarine medicine. 3 vols.

Washington, DC: Research Division, Project X-427, Bureau of Medicine and Surgery, Navy Department, 19481966.

Vol. 1 by Hoff; Vols. 2 and 3 by Hoff and Greenbaum, Jr.  Digital facsimiles of all three volumes from U.S. National Library of Medicine at this link.



Subjects: Altitude or Undersea Physiology & Medicine, BIBLIOGRAPHY › Bibliographies of Specific Subjects
  • 12359

Orally administered penicillin in patients with rheumatic fever.

J. Amer. Med. Assoc., 138, 1030-1036, 1948.

Massell and colleagues demonstrated that rheumatic fever could be prevented by penicillin treatment of streptococcal throat infections.  (Order of authorship in the original publication: Massell, Dow, Jones.)

See also: J.R. Goerner, R. F. Massell, T. D. Jones, "Use of pencillin in the treatment of carriers of beta-hemolytic streptococci among patients with rheumatic fever," New Eng. J. Med. 237 (1947) 576–580.



Subjects: CARDIOLOGY › CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE › Rheumatic Heart Disease, INFECTIOUS DISEASE › Rheumatic Fever, PHARMACOLOGY › PHARMACEUTICALS › Antibiotics › Penicillin
  • 10

The Charaka Samhita. 6 vols.

Jamnagar, India: Shree Gulabkunverba Ayurvedic Society, 1949.

Edited and published with translations in Hindi, Gujerati and English. The Charaka Samhita is the oldest known Hindu text on Ayurveda (life sciences). It was followed by the Sushruta Samhita. Except for some topics and their emphasis, both discuss many similar subjects such as General Principles, Pathology, Diagnosis, Anatomy, Sensorial Prognosis, Therapeutics, Pharmaceutics and Toxicology, with Sushruta Samhita providing the foundation of surgery, while Charaka Samhita is primarily a foundation of medicine.



Subjects: ANCIENT MEDICINE › India, Medicine: General Works
  • 352

History of the primates.

London: British Museum (Natural History), 1949.


Subjects: EVOLUTION, ZOOLOGY › Mammalogy › Primatology
  • 4483

On the contributions of Hugh Owen Thomas of Liverpool, Sir Robert Jones of Liverpool and London, John Ridlon, M.D., of New York and Chicago, to modern orthopedic surgery.

Springfield, IL: Charles C Thomas, 1949.


Subjects: ORTHOPEDICS › History of Orthopedics, Fractures
  • 4508

The effects of a hormone of the adrenal cortex (17-hydroxy-11-dehydrocorticosterone: compound E) and of pituitary adrenocorticotropic hormone on rheumatoid arthritis.

Proc. Mayo Clin., 24, 181-97, 1949.

Introduction of cortisone and A.C.T.H. in treatment of rheumatoid arthritis. With C. H. Slocumb, and H. F. Polley. Hench and Kendall shared a Nobel Prize with Tadeusz Reichstein (No. 1153) in 1950.



Subjects: RHEUMATOLOGY › Arthritis
  • 4509

The effects of the adrenal cortical hormone 17-hydroxy-11-dehydrocorticosterone (compound E) on the acute phase of rheumatic fever: preliminary report.

Proc. Mayo Clin., 24, 277-97, 1949.

Compound E (cortisone) introduced in the treatment of rheumatic fever. With C. H. Slocumb, A. R. Barnes, H. L. Smith, H. F. Polley.



Subjects: INFECTIOUS DISEASE › Rheumatic Fever
  • 4671.1

Cultivation of the Lansing strain of poliomyelitis virus in cultures of various human embryonic tissues.

Science, 109, 85-87, 1949.

 Enders, Weller, and Robbins grew the poliomyelitis virus in cultures of different tissues. Their method proved of great value in virus research, and removed the final obstacles to vaccine production. They received the Nobel Prize in 1954.



Subjects: IMMUNOLOGY › Immunization, IMMUNOLOGY › Vaccines, INFECTIOUS DISEASE › Neuroinfectious Diseases › Poliomyelitis (Infantile Paralysis), NEUROLOGY › Inflammatory Conditions › Poliomyelitis, VIROLOGY › VIRUSES (by Family) › Picornaviridae › Poliovirus
  • 4728

Un nouveau médicament symptomatique des syndromes parkinsoniens: le chlorhydrate de [(diéthylamino-2’-methyl-2’) éthyl-1-’] N-dibenzoparathiazine.

Presse méd., 57, 819-20, 1949.

Introduction of ethopropazine (“lysivane”) in the treatment of Parkinson’s disease.



Subjects: NEUROLOGY › Movement Disorders › Parkinson's Disease
  • 4729

Trihexyphenidyl. Evaluation of the new agent in the treatment of parkinsonism.

J. Amer. med. Assoc., 141, 377-82, 1949.

Clinical introduction of benzhexol (“artane”) in Parkinson’s disease.



Subjects: NEUROLOGY › Movement Disorders › Parkinson's Disease
  • 1583

A short history of physiology. 2nd ed.

London: Staples Press, 1949.


Subjects: PHYSIOLOGY › History of Physiology
  • 1155

Isolation of nor-adrenaline from the adrenal gland.

Acta chem. scand., 3, 305-6, 1949.

With U.S. von Euler and U. Hamberg. See also fuller account in Acta physiol. scand., 1950, 20, 101-8. Noradrenaline was independently isolated by B. F. Tullar, Science, 1950, 109, 536-7.



Subjects: Ductless Glands: Internal Secretion › Adrenals
  • 1175.2

Isolation of pituitary follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH).

Science, 109, 445-46, 1949.

By Choh Hao Li and colleagues. 



Subjects: Ductless Glands: Internal Secretion › Pituitary, ENDOCRINOLOGY › Pituitary, WOMEN, Publications by › Years 1900 - 1999
  • 2010.4

The microwave linear electron accelerator.

Brit. J. Radiol., 22, 473-86, 1949.


Subjects: THERAPEUTICS
  • 2010.5

Therapeutic possibilities of microwaves.

J. Amer. med. Ass., 139, 989-93, 1949.

Introduction of microwave radiation therapy. With J. F. Herrick, G. M. Martin.



Subjects: RADIOLOGY, THERAPEUTICS
  • 2064

Histoire illustrée de la pharmacie.

Paris: Guy Le Prat, 1949.


Subjects: PHARMACOLOGY › PHARMACY › History of Pharmacy
  • 2065

A critical review of the basic facts in the history of cinchona.

J. Linn. Soc. (Botany), 53, 272-309, 1949.


Subjects: PHARMACOLOGY › History of Pharmacology & Pharmaceuticals, PHARMACOLOGY › PHARMACEUTICALS › Botanic Sources of Single Component Drugs › Cinchona Bark
  • 1930

Bradykinin, a hypotensive and smooth muscle stimulating factor releases from plasma globulin by snake venoms and by trypsin.

Amer. J. Physiol., 156, 261-73, 1949.

Discovery of bradykinin. With W. T. Beraldo and G. Rosenfeld.



Subjects: PHYSIOLOGY, TOXICOLOGY › Venoms
  • 1930.1

Lithium salts in the treatment of psychotic excitement.

Med. J. Austral., 36, 349-52, 1949.

The first clinical trial of lithium.



Subjects: COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › Australia, PSYCHIATRY › Psychopharmacology › Lithium
  • 1944

Neomycin, a new antibiotic active against streptomycin-resistant bacteria, including tuberculosis organisms.

Science, 109, 305-07, 1949.

Isolation of neomycin.



Subjects: PHARMACOLOGY › PHARMACEUTICALS › Antibiotics
  • 1945

An antiphage agent isolated from Aspergillus sp.

J. Bact., 58, 527-9, 1949.

Isolation of fumagillin, an antibiotic with amoebicidal activity. See also Science, 1951, 113, 202-3.



Subjects: PHARMACOLOGY › PHARMACEUTICALS › Antibiotics
  • 2419

Immobilization of Treponema pallidum in vitro by antibody produced in syphilitic infection.

J. exp. Med., 89, 369-93, 1949.

Nelson’s treponemal immobilization test.



Subjects: INFECTIOUS DISEASE › SEXUALLY TRANSMITTED DISEASES › Syphilis
  • 2526.1

Genetic recombinations leading to production of active bacteriophage from ultraviolet inactivated bacteriophage particles.

Genetics 34, 93-125, 1949.

Luria shared the Nobel Prize in 1969 with M. Delbrück (No. 2578.5) and A. D. Hershey (No. 256) for work on genetics and replication of bacteria.



Subjects: BIOLOGY › MOLECULAR BIOLOGY, GENETICS / HEREDITY, VIROLOGY › Bacteriophage
  • 3154.1

Sickle cell anemia, a molecular disease.

Science, 110, 543-48, 1949.

First recognition, by Pauling and colleagues, of a structural hemoglobin variant, and the beginning of the molecular approach to disease. 



Subjects: AFRICAN AMERICANS & MEDICINE & BIOLOGY, BIOLOGY › MOLECULAR BIOLOGY, GENETICS / HEREDITY › HEREDITARY / CONGENITAL DISEASES OR DISORDERS › Blood Disorders › Sickle-Cell Disease, HEMATOLOGY › Anemia & Chlorosis
  • 3154.2

The inheritance of sickle cell anemia.

Science, 110, 64-66, 1949.

Genetic evidence that sickle-cell disease is inherited in a simple Mendelian manner.



Subjects: GENETICS / HEREDITY › HEREDITARY / CONGENITAL DISEASES OR DISORDERS › Blood Disorders › Sickle-Cell Disease, HEMATOLOGY › Anemia & Chlorosis
  • 3155

Vitamin B12 in pernicious anaemia: parenteral administration.

Brit. Med. J., 2, 1370-77, 1949.


Subjects: HEMATOLOGY › Anemia & Chlorosis
  • 2578.7

The production of antibodies. 2nd ed.

Melbourne, Australia: Macmillan, 1949.

Burnet and Fenner introduced the “self-marker” concept – natural tolerance to one’s own body constituents depended on their presence at a critical stage of embryonic development. For his work on immunological tolerance Burnet shared the Nobel Prize with Medawar in 1960.



Subjects: IMMUNOLOGY
  • 3855.1

Imidazoles. IV. The synthesis and antithyroid activity of some 1-substituted-2-mercaptoimidazoles.

J. Amer. chem. Soc., 71, 4000-02, 1949.

Synthesis of methimazole (mercazole, thiamazole), an antithyroid drug more potent than methylthiouracil. With E. C. Kornfeld, K. C. McLaughlin, and R. C. Anderson.



Subjects: ENDOCRINOLOGY › Thyroid , PHARMACOLOGY › PHARMACEUTICALS
  • 2924.1

Le traitement de l’artérite oblitérante parla greffe veineuse.

Arch. Mal. Coeur, 42, 371-2, 1949.

Kunlin, an associate of R. Leriche, first reported the use of a bypass venous graft for femoropopliteal occlusive arterial disease.



Subjects: CARDIOLOGY › CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE › Arterial Disease, VASCULAR SURGERY
  • 3412.4

Operative treatment of chronic suppurative otitis media.

J. Laryng. Otol., 63, 635-46, 1949.

Tympanoplasty.



Subjects: OTOLOGY › Otologic Surgery & Procedures
  • 3342
  • 3415

A history of oto-laryngology

Edinburgh: E. & S. Livingstone Ltd., 1949, 1991.

From antiquity to the beginning of the 20th century. 



Subjects: OTOLOGY › History of Otology, OTORHINOLARYNGOLOGY (Ear, Nose, Throat) › History of ENT
  • 3704

A dental bibliography: British and American, 1692-1880.

London: David Low, 1949.


Subjects: BIBLIOGRAPHY › Bibliographies of Dentistry, DENTISTRY › History of Dentistry
  • 4154.2

Concurrent melanosis and hypertrichosis in distribution of nevus unius lateris.

Arch. Derm. (Chicago), 60, 155-60, 1949.

“Becker’s nevus”, pigmented hairy epidermal nevus.



Subjects: DERMATOLOGY › Specific Dermatoses
  • 4914

Revascularization of the brain through establishment of a cervical arteriovenous fistula. Effects in children with mental retardation and convulsive disorders.

J. Pediat., 35, 317-29, 1949.

With C. F. McKhann and W. D. Belnap.



Subjects: CARDIOVASCULAR (Cardiac) SURGERY, NEUROLOGY › Neurodevelopmental Disorders › Mental Retardation, PEDIATRICS
  • 4914.1

Selective cortical undercutting as a means of modifying and studying frontal lobe function in man. Preliminary report of forty-three operative cases.

J. Neurosurg., 6, 65-73, 1949.


Subjects: NEUROSURGERY
  • 4404.1

Osteogenesis imperfecta: A study of clinical features and heredity based on 55 Danish families comprising 180 affected members.

Århus, Denmark: Universitetsforlaget, 1949.

Includes a translation of Ekman’s thesis (No. 4304.1). Also gives a case reported in 1678.



Subjects: GENETICS / HEREDITY › GENETIC DISORDERS, GENETICS / HEREDITY › HEREDITARY / CONGENITAL DISEASES OR DISORDERS › Hereditary Disorders of the Skeleton, ORTHOPEDICS › Diseases of or Injuries to Bones, Joints & Skeleton › Congenital Diseases
  • 4404.2

Control of bone growth by epiphyseal stapling: A preliminary report.

J. Bone Jt. Surg., 31-A, 464-78, 1949.

“Blount staple”. Unlike previous processes, epiphyseal stapling permitted subsequent correction.



Subjects: ORTHOPEDICS › Orthopedic Devices, ORTHOPEDICS › Orthopedic Surgery & Treatments
  • 4435.2

Evolution of medullary fixation of fractures by the longitudinal pin.

Amer. J. Surg., 78, 324-33, 1949.

“Rush pins”, made of specially hardened type 316 stainless steel, for fractures of the long bones.



Subjects: ORTHOPEDICS › Orthopedic Devices, ORTHOPEDICS › Orthopedic Surgery & Treatments › Fractures & Dislocations
  • 4962.2

The biology of mental defect.

London: Sidgwick & Jackson, 1949.


Subjects: GENETICS / HEREDITY › GENETIC DISORDERS, PSYCHIATRY
  • 5500

Studies on survival of influenza-virus between epidemics and antigenic variants of the virus.

Amer. J. publ. Hlth., 39, 171-78, 1949.

Recovery of influenza C virus.



Subjects: INFECTIOUS DISEASE › Influenza, VIROLOGY › VIRUSES (by Family) › Orthomyxoviridae › Influenza C Virus
  • 5727

The pharmacological actions of polymethylene bistrimethyl-ammonium salts.

Brit. J. Pharmacol., 4, 381-400, 1949.

Introduction of hexamethonium bromide.



Subjects: Neurophysiology, PHARMACOLOGY › PHARMACEUTICALS › Cardiovascular Medications, WOMEN, Publications by › Years 1900 - 1999
  • 5728

Proprietà farmacodinamiche di alcuni derivati della succinilcolina dotati di azione curarica. Esteri di trialchiletanolammonio di acidi bicarbossilici alifatici.

R. C. Ist. sup. Sanità, 12, 106-37, 1949.

Introduction of succinylcholine chloride. With S. Guarino, V. G. Longo, and M. Marotta.



Subjects: ANESTHESIA, WOMEN, Publications by › Years 1900 - 1999
  • 5515

Pure granulomatous nocardiosis: a new fungus disease distinguished by intracellular parasitism. A description of a new disease in man due to a hitherto undescribed organism, Nocardia intracellularis, n.sp., including a study of the biological and pathogenic properties of this species.

Amer. J. Path., 25, 1-48, 1949.

Nocardiosis described.



Subjects: INFECTIOUS DISEASE › Mycosis › Nocardiosis, WOMEN, Publications by › Years 1900 - 1999
  • 5015.1

The mentally ill in America. A history of their care and treatment from colonial times. Second edition, revised and enlarged.

New York: Columbia University Press, 1949.


Subjects: COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › United States , PSYCHIATRY › History of Psychiatry, PSYCHOLOGY › History of Psychology
  • 5766.1

A method of cutting and suturing the lip in the treatment of complete unilateral clefts.

Plast. reconstr. Surg., 4, 1-12, 1949.

LeMesurier’s cheiloplasty procedure was based on Hagedorn’s method. He was first to attempt construction of the cupid’s bow of the vermilion.



Subjects: PLASTIC & RECONSTRUCTIVE SURGERY › Cleft Lip & Palate
  • 5546

Disease resembling nonparalytic poliomyelitis associated with a virus pathogenic for infant mice.

J. Amer. med. Assoc., 141, 894-901, 1949.

Isolation of the Coxsackie virus from patients with poliomyelitis. With E. W. Shaw.



Subjects: INFECTIOUS DISEASE › Coxsackie Virus Diseases, VIROLOGY › VIRUSES (by Family) › Picornaviridae › Coxsackievirus
  • 5352.1

Bibliographie des schistosome et des schistosomiases (bilharzioses) humaines et animales de 1931 á 1948.

Mémoires, Institut Royal Colonial Belge, Section des Sciences Naturelles et Médicales, 18, fasc. 5, 1949.

Continues and supplements No. 5352.



Subjects: BIBLIOGRAPHY › Bibliographies of Specific Diseases, INFECTIOUS DISEASE › DISEASES DUE TO METAZOAN PARASITES, INFECTIOUS DISEASE › VECTOR-BORNE DISEASES › Aquatic Snail-Borne Diseases › Schistosomiasis (bilharziasis)
  • 5990.1

Actual técnica de elecciόn en queratoplastia penetrante.

Arch. Soc. oftal. hispano-amer., 9, 152-9, 1949.

Barraquer’s method of corneal graft fixation by minute direct interrupted stitches.



Subjects: OPHTHALMOLOGY
  • 5402.1

Serological evidence of Q fever in Great Britain.

Lancet, 1, 178-79, 1949.

Relationship of primary atypical pneumonia and Q fever.



Subjects: COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › England (United Kingdom), INFECTIOUS DISEASE › Pneumonia, INFECTIOUS DISEASE › Rickettsial Infections
  • 5225

The laboratory diagnosis of lymphogranuloma venereum.

J. clin. Path., 2, 241-49, 1949.

Skin-test antigen. With C. F. Barwell, E. J. King, and L. W. J. Bishop.



Subjects: INFECTIOUS DISEASE › SEXUALLY TRANSMITTED DISEASES › Lymphogranuloma Venereum
  • 6310

The development of gynaecological surgery and instruments… from the Hippocratic age to the Antiseptic period.

Philadelphia: Blakiston, 1949.

Reprint, San Francisco, Norman Publishing, 1990.



Subjects: INSTRUMENTS & TECHNOLOGIES › History of Biomedical Instrumentation, OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › GYNECOLOGY › History of Gynecology
  • 6485.92

The Charaka Samhita. Edited and published with translations in Hindi, Gujerati and English 6 vols.

Jamnagar, India: Shree Gulabkunverba Ayurvedic Society, 1949.


Subjects: ANCIENT MEDICINE › India
  • 6444

Einführung in die Medizinhistorik. Ihr Wesen, ihre Arbeitsweise und ihre Hilfsmittel.

Stuttgart: Ferdinand Enke, 1949.


Subjects: History of Medicine: General Works
  • 6445

Geschichte der Medizin. Die historische Entwicklung der Heilkunde und des ärztlichen Lebens. 2 vols. [in 3].

Berlin: Walter de Gruyter, 19491955.


Subjects: History of Medicine: General Works
  • 6596

Aesculapius comes to the Colonies. The story of the early days of medicine in the thirteen original colonies.

Ventnor, NJ: Ventnor Publishers, 1949.


Subjects: American (U.S.) REVOLUTIONARY WAR MEDICINE › History of U.S. Revolutionary War Medicine, COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › United States
  • 5262.2

The pre-erythrocytic stage of Plasmodium falciparum. A preliminary note.

Brit. med. J., 2, 1006-08, 1949.

With N. H. Fairley, G. Covell, P. G. Shute, and P. C. C. Garnham. See also Trans. roy. Soc. trop. Med. Hyg., 1951, 44, 405-19.



Subjects: INFECTIOUS DISEASE › VECTOR-BORNE DISEASES › Mosquito-Borne Diseases › Malaria, PARASITOLOGY › Plasmodia › P. vivax, P. falciparum, P. malariae, P. ovale, and P. knowlesi
  • 255.5

A morphological distinction between neurones of the male and female, and the behaviour of the nucleolar satellite during accelerated nucleoprotein synthesis.

Nature (Lond), 163, 676-7, 1949.

The Barr body, " the inactive X chromosome in a female somatic cell,[2]  rendered inactive in a process called lyonization, in those species in which sex is determined by the presence of the Y (including humans) or W chromosome rather than the diploidy of the X. The Lyon hypothesis states that in cells with multiple X chromosomes, all but one are inactivated during mammalian embryogenesis.[3] This happens early in embryonic development at random in mammals,[4] except in marsupials and in some extra-embryonic tissues of some placental mammals, in which the father's X chromosome is always deactivated.[5] (Wikipedia article on Murray Barr, accessed 3-2020). See also Anat. Rec., 1952, 112, 709-12, and Surg. Gynec. Obstet., 1953, 96, 641-8.



Subjects: BIOLOGY › MOLECULAR BIOLOGY, BIOLOGY › MOLECULAR BIOLOGY › Protein Synthesis, BIOLOGY › Reproduction
  • 6878

Huang Ti Nei Ching Su Wen: The Yellow Emperor's classic of internal medicine. Translated by Ilza Veith.

Baltimore, MD: Williams & Wilkins, 1949.

First edition in English of the Yellow Emperor's Inner Classic (Huangdi Neijing,) , the most important ancient text in Chinese medicine as well as a major book of Daoist theory and lifestyle. According to leading scholars it was written between the late Warring States period (475-221 BCE) and the early Han period (206 BCE–220 CE).The text is structured as a dialogue between the Yellow Emperor and one of his ministers or physicians, most commonly Qíbó, but also Shàoyú.  



Subjects: Chinese Medicine
  • 7084

A Sand County almanac, and sketches here and there.

New York: Oxford University Press, 1949.

This combination of natural history, philosophy, and poetic writing informed the environmental movement. It is perhaps best known for the following quote, which defines Leopold's land ethic: "A thing is right when it tends to preserve the integrity, stability, and beauty of the biotic community. It is wrong when it tends otherwise." In his chapter entitled "Thinking Like a Mountain" Leopold set out the concept of a trophic cascade, pointing out that killing a predator wolf carries serious implications for the rest of the ecosystem.



Subjects: BIOLOGY › Ecology / Environment
  • 7128

The Texas City disaster; a survey of 3,000 casualties.

Am. J. Surg., 78, (5) 756-71., 1949.

After ships anchored in Texas City exploded in 1947, injuring and burning some 3,000 persons, the Blockers published a survey of the casualties. For this and other research studies involving trauma and burns the Blockers received the Harvey Allen Award from the American Burn Association in 1971. See also Blocker, V. "The Texas City disaster; pattern of injury in 3,000 casualties," Tex Rep Biol Med. (1949) 7 (1) 22-32.



Subjects: Diseases Due to Physical Factors › Burns, Emergency Medicine
  • 7134

Queratoplastia refractiva.

Est. e Inf. Oftal. Inst. Barraquer, 2-10, Bogota, Colombia, 1949.

Barraquer was the first to sculpt corneal stromal tissue to change corneal curvature. He developed a procedure which he called "keratomileusis," (sculpting of the cornea). This involved ressecting a disc of anterior corneal tissue, which was then frozen in liquid nitrogen, placed on a modified watchmaker's lathe and milled to change corneal curvature. See also  Barraquer, "Autokeratoplasty, with optical carving for the correction of myopia (Karatomileusis)," An. Med. Espec. 51 (1965) 66-82.



Subjects: OPHTHALMOLOGY
  • 7297

Age determinations by radiocarbon content: checks with samples of known age.

Science, 110, 678-680, 1949.

Introduction of radiocarbon dating for dating organic materials, including fossils (maximum 50,000 to 60,000 years old). With J. R. Arnold.



Subjects: EVOLUTION › Human Origins / Human Evolution
  • 7316

Histopathology of the skin.

Philadelphia: J. B. Lippincott, 1949.


Subjects: DERMATOLOGY › Dermatopathology, PATHOLOGY › Histopathology
  • 7896

ASCLEPIO. Revista de Historia de la Medicina e cienca. 1-

Madrid, 1949.


Subjects: Periodicals Specializing in the History of Medicine & the Life Sciences
  • 7992

The Army Medical Library research project at the Welch Medical Library.

Bull. Med. Libr. Assoc., 37, 121-124, 1949.

One of the first reports on one of the earliest projects in automating information retrieval, the expression for which was coined by Calvin Mooers the following year. At this early date electronic computers were not yet commercially available but the writers of this report were anticipating their availability. Digital facsimile from PubMedCentral at this link.

 



Subjects: COMPUTING/MATHEMATICS in Medicine & Biology, DIGITAL RESOURCES › Digital Libraries & Databases, History of
  • 8084

The Negro in the medical profession.

Charlottesville, VA: University of Virginia , 1949.

Publications of the University of Virginia, Phelps-Stokes fellowship papers, no. 18.



Subjects: AFRICAN AMERICANS & MEDICINE & BIOLOGY, WOMEN, Publications by › Years 1900 - 1999
  • 8127

La Doctrine classique de la médecine indienne. Ses origines et ses parallèles grecs.

Paris: Imprimerie nationale, 1949.

Second edition, Paris: Ecole Française d'Extêm-Orient, 1975. English translation: The classical doctrine of Indian medicine: Its origins and its Greek parallels. Translated from the original in French by Dev Raj Chanana, New Delhi: Munshiram Monharial, 1964. Digital facsimile of the 1964 translation from the Internet Archive at this link.



Subjects: ANCIENT MEDICINE › India
  • 8514

A dictionary of Assyrian botany.

London: British Academy, 1949.


Subjects: ANCIENT MEDICINE › Mesopotamia, BOTANY, BOTANY › History of Botany, BOTANY › Medical Botany
  • 8763

The origin of medical terms.

Baltimore, MD: Williams & Wilkins, 1949.

Revised and enlarged edition, Baltimore, 1961. Digital facsimile of the 1949 edition from the Hathi Trust at this link.



Subjects: Dictionaries, Biomedical › Lexicography, Biomedical
  • 8885

Group medicine & health insurance in action.

New York: Crown Publishers, 1949.

"The Health Insurance Plan of Greater New York was established in March, 1947 for the specific purpose of accumulating the required experience under carefully controlled conditions. In order to assemble measurable data, medical services are provided solely by groups of physicians and specialists workiing together as complete units or teams paid on a per capita basis.The 700 physicians who now serve the approximately 200,000 persons now insured with the HIP are organized into major boroughs of the city. Two groups were established by teaching institutions: New York University College of Medicine and Montefiore Hospital, a teaching unit of the College of Physicians and Surgeons of Columbia University. All other groups are partnerships, of whiich the Central Medical Group of Brooklyn is an example. This group, with the largest enrollment in HIP, is now providing complete medical care, preventive as well as curative, for more than 20,000 persons.

"This volume is a report by the Central Medical Group of Brooklyn of its experiences during the first two years. It reflects the continued enthusiasm of its physician members for group practice of medicine under a prepayment plan. Its experience reveals the number of physicians' services required annually by the population which it serves, the volume of specialist and laboratory services, the administrative cost involved in operating the medical center, and the net income remaining from the per capita payments by HIP for the remuneration of the physicians...." (pp. xxi-xxii)



Subjects: ECONOMICS, BIOMEDICAL, Insurance, Health
  • 9384

Bring out your dead: The great plague of yellow fever in Philadelphia in 1793.

Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 1949.

Reprinted with a new introduction by Kenneth R. Foster, Mary F. Jenkins, and Anna Coxe Toogood (Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 1993).



Subjects: INFECTIOUS DISEASE › History of Infectious Disease, INFECTIOUS DISEASE › VECTOR-BORNE DISEASES › Mosquito-Borne Diseases › Yellow Fever › History of Yellow Fever
  • 10654

The surgical treatment of mitral stenosis (mitral commissurotomy).

Diseases of the Chest, 4, 377-97, 1949.

Pioneering work in mitral valve surgery.



Subjects: CARDIOLOGY › CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE › Heart Valve Disease, CARDIOVASCULAR (Cardiac) SURGERY
  • 11102

Mushrooms in their natural habitats.

Portland, OR: Sawyer's Inc., 1949.

A distinctively published work illustrated stereoscopically with color View-Master slides, and incorporating the View-Master "reels" and a View-Master viewer in a box along with the conventional bound text.



Subjects: BOTANY › Cryptogams › Mycology, Mycology, Medical, NATURAL HISTORY › Illustration
  • 11228

Bibliotheca chemica et alchemica. An annotated catalogue of printed books on alchemy, chemistry and cognate subjects.

London: E. Weil, 1949.

Though he was not credited on the title page, most of this catalogue was written by Herbert S. Klickstein, working for the collector, Denis Duveen.



Subjects: BIBLIOGRAPHY › Bibliographies of Chemistry / Biochemistry, BIBLIOGRAPHY › Catalogues of Physicians' / Scientists' Libraries, Chemistry › Alchemy, Chemistry › History of Chemistry
  • 11428

The fine library of a surgical historian, sold by order of Alfred Brown, M.D.

New York: Swann Galleries, 1949.

Auction catalogue of Brown's library, comprising 291 lots.



Subjects: BIBLIOGRAPHY › Catalogues of Physicians' / Scientists' Libraries
  • 11726

The first medical college in Vermont: Castleton, 1818-1862.

Montpelier, VT: Vermont Historical Society, 1949.

Digital facsimile from the Internet Archive at this link.



Subjects: Education, Biomedical, & Biomedical Profession › History of Biomedical Education & Medical Profession, U.S.: CONTENT OF PUBLICATIONS BY STATE & TERRITORY › Vermont
  • 11987

A stereotaxic apparatus for intracerebral surgery.

Acta. chir. Scand., 99, 229-233, , , 1949.

"In 1947 Leksell visited Wycis in Philadelphia and then developed and described his instrument in a publication in 1949. This was the first example of a stereotactic system based on the principle of ‘‘center-of-arc’’.[8] In contrast to the Cartesian coordinate system of the Spiegel-Wycis device, Leksell’s frame utilized three polar coordinates (angle, depth and anterior–posterior location). This ‘‘arc-quadrant’’ device provided maximum flexibility in choosing probe entry point and trajectory, and was therefore much easier to use. The frame has been modified over the ensuing years, but remains remarkably similar in function and appearance to the original 1949 device.[9] The use of a movable semi-arc with an electrode carrier implies that the tip of a probe can reach the target regardless of the position of the carrier or the angling of the arc relative to the skull fixation device, a frame or base plate with bars for bone fixation screws. This construction permits also transphenoidal, straight lateral and suboccipital probe approaches. Leksell was in many respects a perfectionist and for the rest of his life he continued to change and revise the design of virtually every small part of his instrument though the basic semicircular frame was retained. He focused not only on upgrading the function of the instrument but also on its aesthetic appearance. An important feature was that ‘‘the apparatus should be easy to handle and practical in routine clinical work’’ and ‘‘a high degree of exactitude is necessary.’’ An oft-cited quotation is ‘‘Tools used by the surgeon must be adapted to the task and where the human brain is concerned, no tool can be too refined.’’[10] (Wikipedia article on Lars Leksell, accessed 3-2020).



Subjects: INSTRUMENTS & TECHNOLOGIES › Surgical Instruments › Stereotactic Surgery, NEUROSURGERY › Stereotactic Neurosurgery
  • 12019

Medicine under canvas: A war journal of the 77th Evacuation Hospital. Edited by Max Scott Allen. [Copyright by the University of Kansas School of Medicine.]

Kansas City, MO: The Sosland Press, 1949.

"Organized in Kansas with a capacity of 750 beds, this unit was made up of 47 doctors, 52 nurses, a hospital dietitian, and 318 enlisted men. The unit shipped out to England in
May, 1942 on the H.M.T. Orcades. They began operations in Oran after the Allies invaded North Africa, and remained there until the invasion of Sicily where they were in theatre until 1943 after the Axis forces surrendered. After returning to England for refitting, they prepared for deployment following the Allied invasion on D-Day, crossing the channel July 7, 1944 and landing on Utah Beach, they served through the Battle of the Bulge, and continued across Europe into Germany until the end of the War. The 77thEvacuation Hospital treated tens of thousands of injured Allied soldiers, civilians, and POWs during their three-year tour of duty, encompassing bullet and shrapnel wounds,broken limbs, surgeries, orthopedics, blood transfusions, burn care, and even dental work. This was later made into a documentary film in 2008 incorporating interviews with many of the
surviving members" (Kol Shaver).

Digital facsimile from the U.S. National Library of Medicine at this link.



Subjects: HOSPITALS › History of Hospitals, MILITARY MEDICINE & HYGIENE › World War II
  • 12289

Complete transposition of the aorta and a levoposition of the pulmonary artery; clinical, physiological, and pathological findings.

Am. Heart J., 37, 551-9, 1949.


Subjects: CARDIOLOGY › Congenital Heart Defects
  • 12613

Antibiotics: A survey of penicillin, streptomycin, and other antimicrobial substances from fungi, actinomycetes, bacteria, and plants. 2 vols.

London & New York & Toronto, Canada: Oxford University Press, 1949.

Order of authorship of the original set: H. W. Florey, Chain, Heatley, Jennings, Sanders, Abraham, M. E. Florey.



Subjects: PHARMACOLOGY › PHARMACEUTICALS › Antibiotics, PHARMACOLOGY › PHARMACEUTICALS › Antibiotics › Penicillin
  • 12634

The chemistry of penicillin.

Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1949.

The National Academy of Sciences arranged for the preparation of this summary, with Clarke and Johnson representing the United States on the editorial board, and Robinson representing Britain. The 1120 page book was prepared by more than 60  biochemists and biophysicists, who described the phases of research to which they contributed the most. Altogether book reported the work of 23 academic, medical, industrial, and government laboratories. 

(Thanks to Juan Weiss for this reference.)



Subjects: BIOCHEMISTRY, PHARMACOLOGY › PHARMACEUTICALS › Antibiotics › Penicillin
  • 12635

X-ray crystallographic investigation of the structure of penicillin. IN: Clarke, Johnson, Robinson (eds.) Chemistry of penicillin (1949) 310-67.

Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1949.

Hodgkin and colleagues, including biochemist Barbara Low, solved the structure of penicillin in 1945, demonstrating, contrary to scientific opinion at the time, that it contains a β-lactam ring. The discovery was originally published by Crowfoot (Hodgkin) and Rogers-Low in 1945 in a classified report (Committee for Protein Synthesis [CPS] report #508). The work was first made public in 1949.

In 1949 Hodgkin and Low published another version of their report in Florey, Chain et al, Antibiotics: A survey, vol. 2, ch. 27, "Structure of the penicillin molecule," pp. 946-951.

Hodgkin used an IBM ‘CPS’ (Card Programmed, electronic Calculator), to perform the extremely complex math/generation/interpretation of the Fourier
synthesis yielding the 3D structure. This use of a programmed electronic punched-card tabulator was a very early use of a programmed device to speed up structure factor computation in x-ray crystallography.

With Charles W. Bunn and Annette Turner-Jones.

(Thanks to Juan Weiss for this reference and its interpretation.)



Subjects: BIOLOGY › MOLECULAR BIOLOGY › Protein Structure, COMPUTING/MATHEMATICS in Medicine & Biology › Computing / Mathematics in Medicine & Biology, PHARMACOLOGY › PHARMACEUTICALS › Antibiotics › Penicillin
  • 12735

The organization of behavior: A neuropsychological theory.

New York: J. Wiley & Sons, 1949.

Hebb connected the biological function of the brain as an organ together with the higher function of the mind. He studied how the function of neurons contributed to psychological processes such as learning. In this work he introduced the theory of Hebbian learning, a neuroscientific theory claiming that an increase in synaptic efficacy arises from a presynaptic cell's repeated and persistent stimulation of a postsynaptic cell. This was an attempt to explain synaptic plasticity, the adaptation of brain neurons during the learning process.
Hebb has been described as the father of neuropsychology and neural networks



Subjects: NEUROSCIENCE › Neuropsychology, NEUROSCIENCE › Neuropsychology › Memory
  • 12784

La chirurgie discipline de la connaissance.

Nice: La Diane Française, 1949.

Three hundred copies on papier vélin contain a lithographed portrait of Leriche drawn and hand-signed and numbered by Henri Matisse.



Subjects: ART & Medicine & Biology, SURGERY: General