An Interactive Annotated World Bibliography of Printed and Digital Works in the History of Medicine and the Life Sciences from Circa 2000 BCE to Circa 2020 by Fielding H. Garrison (1870-1935), Leslie T. Morton (1907-2004), and Jeremy M. Norman (1945- ) Traditionally Known as “Garrison-Morton”

15164 entries, 13034 authors and 1865 subjects. Updated: August 3, 2021

Browse by Publication Year 1880–1889

747 entries
  • 534.66

Die Missbildungen des Menschen. Eine systematische Darstellung der beim Menschen angeboren vorkommenden Missbildungen und erklärung ihrer Entstehungsweise. 2 vols. and atlas.

Leipzig: F. W. Grunow, 18801882.

Reproduces plates of important specimens from otherwise inaccessible sources. Digital facsimile from the Internet Archive at this link.



Subjects: TERATOLOGY
  • 825

Zur Genese der Herztöne.

Pflüg. Arch. ges. Physiol., 23, 275-8, 1880.


Subjects: CARDIOLOGY › CARDIOVASCULAR PHYSIOLOGY
  • 826

Regarding the action of hydrate of soda, hydrate of ammonia, and hydrate of potash on the ventricle of the frog’s heart.

J. Physiol. (Lond.), 3, 195-202, 18801882.


Subjects: CARDIOLOGY › CARDIOVASCULAR PHYSIOLOGY, PHYSIOLOGY
  • 4562

The diagnosis of diseases of the spinal cord.

London: J. & A. Churchill, 1880.

Gowers demonstrated the dorsal spinocerebellar tract, “Gowers’s tract”, and introduced the terms myotatic and knee-jerk, which he elicited with the rubber edge of his stethoscope or a percussion hammer.



Subjects: NEUROLOGY › Diseases of the Nervous System, NEUROSCIENCE › NERVOUS SYSTEM › Spinal Cord, PHYSICAL DIAGNOSIS › Percussion
  • 4700

Contribution à l’étude de l’idiotàie.

Arch. Neurol. (Paris), 1, 69-91, 1880.

“Bourneville’s disease”, tuberous sclerosis, epiloia (p. 81). Digital facsimile from biuSante.parisdescartes.fr at this link.

For the history of the understanding of this disease see the remarkable Wikipedia Timeline of tuberous schlerosis.



Subjects: GENETICS / HEREDITY › HEREDITARY / CONGENITAL DISEASES OR DISORDERS, NEUROLOGY
  • 444

Onomatologia anatomica. Geschichte und Kritik der anatomischen Sprache der Gegenwart, mit besonderer Berücksichtigung ihrer Barbarismen, Widersinnigkeiten, Tropen und grammatikalischen Fehler.

Vienna: W. Braumüller, 1880.

A classic work on anatomical terminology. Digital facsimile from Biodiversity Heritage Library at this link.



Subjects: ANATOMY › History of Anatomy
  • 1127

Om en ny körtel hos menniskan och atskilliga däggdjur.

Upsala Läkaref. Förh., 15, 441-71, 1880.

Remak, Owen, and Virchow had previously noted the presence of what may have been parathyroids; the first systematic account of them was given by Sandström. An English translation of this paper appeared in Bull. Inst. Hist. Med., Baltimore, 1938,6, 192-222; a translation was also published in book form at Baltimore, 1938.



Subjects: ENDOCRINOLOGY › Parathyroids
  • 500

A treatise on comparative embryology. 2 vols.

London: Macmillan, 18801881.

This  work sums up all the previous knowledge on the subject, and includes Balfour’s own significant contributions. Balfour, a pupil of Michael Foster, became professor of animal morphology in 1882; in the same year he met his death in a mountaineering accident. Digital facsimile from the Internet Archive at this link.



Subjects: EMBRYOLOGY
  • 501

Anatomie menschlicher Embryonen. 3 pts. and atlas.

Leipzig: F. C. W. Vogel, 18801885.

A systematic account of early human embryology that stimulated further investigation in a field in which His stood highest among his contemporaries. He was the first to study the human embryo as a whole.



Subjects: EMBRYOLOGY
  • 1225

The anatomy and pathology of two important glands of the female urethra.

Amer. J. Obstet., 13, 265-70, 1880.

Skene’s glands”  described.



Subjects: Genito-Urinary System
  • 1621

Observations on the construction of healthy dwellings.

Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1880.

Galton spent some years in the army; he had a variety of interests, chief among them being railways, education and sanitary science. He designed the Herbert Hospital at Woolwich and he invented a ventilating fire grate.



Subjects: PUBLIC HEALTH
  • 123

Ueber Zellbildung und Zelltheilung. 3te. Aufl.

Jena: Gustav Fischer, 1880.

A pioneer work on the formation and division of cells. In this third edition Strasburger established one of the principles of modern cytology, i.e., that independent cell formation does not occur but that fresh nuclei invariably arise through the division of older ones. The first edition of this book appeared in 1875.



Subjects: BIOLOGY › Cell Biology, BIOLOGY › Developmental Biology
  • 2035

Historical sketch of the progress of pharmacy in Great Britain.

London: Butler & Tanner, 1880.


Subjects: PHARMACOLOGY › PHARMACY › History of Pharmacy
  • 1277

Sulla struttura delle fibre nervosa midollate periferiche e centrali.

Arch. Sci. med. (Torino), 4, 221-46, 1880.

“Golgi cells” first described.



Subjects: ANATOMY › Neuroanatomy, NEUROSCIENCE › NERVOUS SYSTEM › Peripheral Nerves / Nerve Impulses
  • 1278

Studien über mechanische Nervenreizung.

Acta Soc. Scient. fenn., 11, 569-660, 1880.

Contains important work on the effects of mechanical stimulation of nerve.



Subjects: NEUROSCIENCE › NERVOUS SYSTEM › Peripheral Nerves / Nerve Impulses
  • 1870

Medicinal plants, being descriptions with original figures of the principal plants employed in medicine. 4 vols.

London: J. & A. Churchill, 1880.


Subjects: BOTANY, BOTANY › Medical Botany
  • 1871
  • 5675

Ueber die physiologische Wirking des Cocaïn.

Pflüg. Arch. ges. Physiol. 21, 38-77, 1880.

Anrep studied the action of cocaine and, like Moréno y Maïz, suggested that it might be used as a local anesthetic.



Subjects: ANESTHESIA › Cocaine, PHARMACOLOGY › PHARMACEUTICALS › Botanic Sources of Single Component Drugs › Cocaine
  • 2329

Die Tuberkulose vom Standpunkte der Infectionslehre.

Leipzig: A. Edelmann, 1880.

Cohnheim, a pioneer pathologist, was Virchow’s most distinguished pupil. Among his many valuable experiments, the greatest was perhaps his successful inoculation of tuberculosis in the anterior chamber of the rabbit’s eye, 1877, an account of which is included in the above work. This proved that tuberculous material derived from different sources owed its infectiveness to the same contagious factor. The book first appeared in quarto, 29 pp., 1879, with a Latin imprint: Lipsiae, typis A. Edelmanni. This scarce version was followed by the more common octavo (44 pp.) recorded above. An English translation is included in D. U. Cullimore’s Consumption as a contagious disease, London, [1880].



Subjects: INFECTIOUS DISEASE › Tuberculosis
  • 2492.1

De l’extension de la théorie des germes à l’étiologie de quelques maladies communes.

C.R. Acad. Sci. (Paris), 90, 1033-44, 1880.

In this study of furunculosis (“boils”) and osteomyelitis Pasteur left the first recognizable descriptions of staphylococcus and streptococcus. The term streptococcus had been coined by Billroth in 1874; however, Pasteur did not use it here. Ogston (see No.2494) named staphylococcus in 1881.



Subjects: BACTERIOLOGY › BACTERIA (mostly pathogenic; sometimes indexed only to genus) › Gram-Positive Bacteria › Staphylococcus, DERMATOLOGY › Specific Dermatoses, MICROBIOLOGY, ORTHOPEDICS › Diseases of or Injuries to Bones, Joints & Skeleton
  • 177

On the skin-furrows of the hand.

Nature (Lond.), 22, 605., London, 1880.

Faulds’s fingerprint method of identification.



Subjects: Criminology & Medical Criminology, DERMATOLOGY
  • 2783

Ueber die pathologische Gerinnungs-Vorgänge.

Virchows Arch. path. Anat., 79, 87-123, 1880.

First description (p. 106) of myocardial infarction. Leibowitz called this "the most significant contribution by a pathologist to the history of coronary heart disease." He also wrote, "This work not only provides a general description of myocardial changes following a coronary thrombosis, but also includes a very important detail, namely that of the destruction of cell nuclei. Likewise it stresses also the clinical history, since pathological findings largely depend upon the time factor" (Leibowitz, History of coronary heart disease).



Subjects: CARDIOLOGY › CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE › Coronary Artery Disease › Myocardial Infarction
  • 2537

Sur les maladies virulentes, et en particulier sur la maladie appelée vulgairement choléra des poules.

C. R, Acad. Sci. (Paris), 90, 239-48, Paris, 1880.

This paper marked the beginning of Pasteur’s work on the attenuation of the infective organism. Noting that fowls inoculated with an attenuated form of the chicken cholera bacterium acquired immunity, he developed the idea of a protective inoculation by attenuated living cultures, and subsequently adopted this principle with anthrax, rabies, and swine erysipelas. His work laid the foundations of the science of immunology. Since 1979, the availability to scholars of Pasteur’s original laboratory notebooks has provided evidence that Émile Roux played a crucial and previously unacknowledged role in the development of the vaccine. See also his later paper in the same journal, 1880, 91, 673-80. Abridged English translation of both papers and discussion of Roux’s role in Bibel, Milestones in immunology (1988). Roux did receive credit from Pasteur for his work on anthrax. See No. 5169.



Subjects: IMMUNOLOGY › Immunization, INFECTIOUS DISEASE, INFECTIOUS DISEASE › Cholera, VETERINARY MEDICINE
  • 4846

A practical treatise on nervous exhaustion (neurasthenia).

New York: W. Wood & Co., 1880.


Subjects: PSYCHIATRY, PSYCHIATRY › Neuroses & Psychoneuroses
  • 3125.4

Über Regeneration und Degeneration der rothen Blutscheiben bei Anämien.

Berl. klin. Wschr., 17, 405., 1880.


Subjects: HEMATOLOGY › Anemia & Chlorosis
  • 3565

On perityphlitis.

Ann. surg. anat. Soc. (Brooklyn), 2, 249-70., 1880.

Sands published an account of 26 cases, in which he had operated successfully in all but two. His later publications show that he recognized the early signs of perforation of the appendix, and he advocated and practised early operation.



Subjects: SURGERY: General › Appendicitis
  • 3287

A manual of diseases of the throat and nose. 2 vols.

London: J. & A. Churchill, 18801884.

Mackenzie’s great reputation earned him the title of Father of British Laryngology. In 1863 he founded the Golden Square Throat Hospital, London, the first hospital in the world devoted solely to diseases of the throat; he was also the founder of the Journal of Laryngology. He was called to attend Crown Prince Frederick, afterwards Emperor Ferderick III of Germany, who suffered from, and succumbed to, a cancer of the larynx. Mackenzie was much maligned by a section of the German medical profession for refusing to agree to operation until biopsy had been performed. Three specimens proved negative and operation was delayed until too late. Mackenzie’s health was affected by his arduous duties on behalf of the Emperor and he died in 1892. The Manual was the standard work on the subject and had an important influence on the development of laryngology.



Subjects: OTORHINOLARYNGOLOGY (Ear, Nose, Throat) › Laryngology, OTORHINOLARYNGOLOGY (Ear, Nose, Throat) › Rhinology
  • 2589

Hay fever.

London: Baillière, Tindall & Cox, 1880.


Subjects: ALLERGY
  • 3594.1

Hernia, strangulated and reducible, with cure by subcutaneous injections.

London: Sampson, Low, 1880.

The injection method of treating hernia remained a frequently utilized procedure until the 1930s.



Subjects: SURGERY: General › Hernia
  • 3739

Kakke (Beriberi).

Mitt. deutsch. Ges. Nat. u. Völkerk. Ostasiens, 3, 301-19., 18801884.

In his important account of beriberi, Baelz dealt with the Tokyo outbreak of 1881.



Subjects: COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › Japan, NUTRITION / DIET › Deficiency Diseases › Beriberi
  • 3995

Pathologie und Therapie der Hautkrankheiten.

Vienna & Leipzig: Urban & Schwarzenberg, 1880.

 English translation by J. C. Johnston in 1895.



Subjects: DERMATOLOGY, DERMATOLOGY › Dermatopathology
  • 3996

Photographic illustrations of skin diseases.

New York: E. B. Treat, 1880.

Fox, who was Professor of Dermatology in New York, produced a valuable atlas of skin diseases.



Subjects: DERMATOLOGY, IMAGING › Photography / Photomicrography
  • 4292.1

A case of nephro-lithotomy; or the extraction of a calculus from an undilated kidney.

Trans. clin. Soc. Lond., 14, 30-44, London, 18801881.

Nephrolithotomy; removal of a renal calculus by a lumbar incision.



Subjects: NEPHROLOGY › Renal Disease › Renal Calculi (Kidney Stones)
  • 4078

A clinical study of hydroa.

Arch. Derm. (Philad.), 6, 16-52, Philadelphia, 1880.

First description of dermatitis herpetiformis (“Duhring’s disease”; see No. 4083).



Subjects: DERMATOLOGY › Specific Dermatoses
  • 3473

Ueber Radicalheilung des Krebses.

Dtsch. Z. Chir., 13, 134-66, 1880.

Kocher’s operation of radical extirpation of the tongue for carcinoma.



Subjects: ONCOLOGY & CANCER › Carcinoma, SURGERY: General
  • 3473.1

Wyçiecie raka odźwiernika zoladkowego, śmierćw 12 godzinach.

Przegl. lek., 19, 637-39, 1880.

First extirpation of carcinomatous pylorus. Death after 12 hours. German translation in Dtsch. Z. Chir., 1881, 14, 252-60.



Subjects: GASTROENTEROLOGY › Esophagus: Stomach: Duodenum: Intestines, ONCOLOGY & CANCER, SURGERY: General › Surgical Oncology, SURGERY: General › Upper Gastrointestinal Surgery
  • 3685.1

A treatise on oral deformities.

New York: D. Appleton and Company, 1880.

First "scientific" treatment of irregularities of the teeth. Kingsley made the first attempt at systematizing the treatment of occlusal abnormalities



Subjects: DENTISTRY › Orthodontics
  • 5169

Sur l’étiologie du charbon.

C. R. Acad. Sci. (Paris), 91, 86-94, 1880.

First use of attenuated bacteria for therapeutic purposes. See also the same journal, 1881, 92, 1378-83.



Subjects: BACTERIOLOGY › BACTERIA (mostly pathogenic; sometimes indexed only to genus) › Gram-Positive Bacteria › Bacillus › Bacillus anthracis, IMMUNOLOGY, INFECTIOUS DISEASE › Anthrax, VETERINARY MEDICINE
  • 5512

Ueber Actinomykose.

Berl. klin. Wschr., 17, 660-61, 1880.

Ponfick recognized the causative role of Actinomyces in human actinomycosis; he established the identity of the human and animal forms of the disease. He published a book on the subject in 1882.



Subjects: BACTERIOLOGY › BACTERIA (mostly pathogenic; sometimes indexed only to genus) › Gram-Negative Bacteria › Actinomyces, INFECTIOUS DISEASE › Actinomycosis, VETERINARY MEDICINE
  • 5030

Die Organismen in den Organen bei Typhus abdominalis.

Virchows Arch. path. Anat., 81, 58-74, 1880.

Salmonella typhi, causal organism of typhoid, was discovered by Eberth. Some European writers refer to the disease as “Eberth’s disease”.



Subjects: BACTERIOLOGY › BACTERIA (mostly pathogenic; sometimes indexed only to genus) › Gram-Negative Bacteria › Salmonella, INFECTIOUS DISEASE › Salmonellosis, INFECTIOUS DISEASE › Salmonellosis › Typhoid Fever
  • 5346.1

Ueber parasitäre Hämoptoë (Gregarinosis pulmonum).

Zbl. med. Wiss., 18, 721-22, 1880.

Description of the ova of Paragonimus (which Baelz named Gregarina pulmonalis) and its relationship to endemic hemoptysis. Translation in Kean (No. 2268.1), p. 602.



Subjects: INFECTIOUS DISEASE › DISEASES DUE TO METAZOAN PARASITES, PARASITOLOGY
  • 5773

Die Krankheiten der Brustdrüsen.

Stuttgart: Ferdinand Enke, 1880.

A monograph on cancer and other diseases of the breast, including a discussion of cancer in the male breast in the final chapter. This work is also significant in the history of plastic and reconstructive surgery. Digital facsimile from the Internet Archive at this link.



Subjects: ONCOLOGY & CANCER, PLASTIC & RECONSTRUCTIVE SURGERY › Mammaplasty, SURGERY: General › Diseases of the Breast
  • 5346.2

Distoma ringeri.

Med. Rep. Imperial Maritime Customs, China, Special series No. 2, 20th issue, pp. 10-12, 1880.

Manson made a fundamental contribution to knowledge on paragonimiasis with his description of its etiology and of the parasite. He named it Distoma ringeri after Dr. Ringer, who recovered it from the lung at necropsy; it was later named Paragonimus ringeri. Reproduced in Kean (No. 2268.1), p. 603.



Subjects: COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › China, People's Republic of, INFECTIOUS DISEASE › DISEASES DUE TO METAZOAN PARASITES, PARASITOLOGY
  • 5918

Symmetrical changes in the region of the yellow spot in each eye of an infant.

Trans. ophthal. Soc. U. K., 1, 55-57, 18801881.

Tay was the first to describe amaurotic familial idiocy, his paper dealing mainly with the ocular manifestations. The condition later became known as “Tay-Sachs’s disease” (see also No. 4705).



Subjects: GENETICS / HEREDITY › HEREDITARY / CONGENITAL DISEASES OR DISORDERS › Inherited Metabolic Disorders, NEUROLOGY › Neurodevelopmental Disorders, OPHTHALMOLOGY , PEDIATRICS
  • 5919

Traité complet de l’ophtalmologie. 4 vols.

Paris: Vve. A. Delahaye et Cie, 18801889.


Subjects: OPHTHALMOLOGY
  • 5676

Clinical observations on the introduction of tracheal tubes by the mouth instead of performing tracheotomy or laryngotomy.

Brit. med. J., 2, 122-24, 163-65, 1880.

First administration of an anesthetic (chloroform) through a metal tracheal tube introduced by the mouth (endotracheal anesthesia).



Subjects: ANESTHESIA, ANESTHESIA › Chloroform
  • 5209

Ueber Bacterien bei den venerischen Krankheiten.

Charité-Ann., (1882), 7, 750-72, 1880.

Leistikow was first to report the cultivation of the gonococcus.



Subjects: BACTERIOLOGY › BACTERIA (mostly pathogenic; sometimes indexed only to genus) › Gram-Negative Bacteria › Gonococcus, INFECTIOUS DISEASE › SEXUALLY TRANSMITTED DISEASES › Gonorrhoea & Trichomonas Infection
  • 6763

Index-catalogue of the library of the Surgeon General’s Office. Vol. 1-16; 2nd ser., vol. 1-21; 3rd ser., vol. 1-10; 4th ser., vol. l-11(A-Mn); 5th ser., vol. 1-3.

Washington, DC: Government Printing Office, 18801961.

In 1836 Surgeon General Joseph Lovell established a small collection of medical books for the use of his staff. This was the origin of the “Surgeon General’s Library.” John Shaw Billings did much to develop the library; he planned and started the Index Catalogue, the first large-scale subject index of any library, and the first truly comprehensive subject index of the published literature any science. Four years prior to the beginning of publication of the Index Catalogue Billings issued a Specimen Fasciculus of a Catalogue of the National Medical Library Under the Direction of the Surgeon-General, United States Army (Washington, 1876). In addition to showing the ambitious nature of his cataloguing plans, the fasciculus shows that Billings viewed the Library of the Surgeon General's Office as a national medical library. Series 1-4 indexes about 3,000,000 books, journal articles, and pamphlets. In the 5th series only monographs and theses are included. For continuation see Nos. 6784, 6786.9. In 1952 the name of the library was changed to Armed Forces Medical Library; it became the National Library of Medicine in 1956. See S. J. Greenberg & P. E. Gallagher, "The great contribution: Index MedicusIndex-Catalogue, and IndexCat," J. Med. Libr. Assoc. 97 (2009) 108–113.

The Index-catalogue is available online from the National Library of Medicine at this link.



Subjects: BIBLIOGRAPHY › Catalogues of Institutional Medical Libraries, BIBLIOGRAPHY › Periodicals, BIBLIOGRAPHY › Reference Works Digitized and Online
  • 4501.1

On the association of affections of the throat with acute rheumatism.

Lancet, 2, 933-34, London, 1880.

Fowler drew attention to the association of throat infections with acute rheumatism.



Subjects: OTORHINOLARYNGOLOGY (Ear, Nose, Throat), RHEUMATOLOGY
  • 4561

De la narcolepsie.

Gaz. Hôp. (Paris), 53, 626-28, 635-37., Paris, 1880.

Narcolepsy first fully described.



Subjects: NEUROLOGY › Diseases of the Nervous System
  • 6838

Sulla circolazione del sangue nel cervello dell’uomo. Ricerche sfigmografiche.

Reale Accademia dei Lincei. Memorie, 3rd series, 5 (1879-80), 1880.

In this work Angelo Mosso reported his discovery that blood circulation in the brain increases in certain discrete areas during mental activity, and published the records of this activity produced by the machine he invented to record these changes. As the first method of imaging brain function, Mosso's work paved the way for modern-day brain imaging techniques such as CT scans, PET scans and magnetic resonance imaging.

“. . . Mosso was the first to experiment with the idea that changes in the flow of blood in the brain might provide a way of assessing brain function during mental activity. Mosso knew that, in newborn children, the fontanelles—the soft areas on a baby’s head where the bones of the skull are not yet fused—can be seen to pulsate with the rhythm of the heartbeat. He noticed similar pulsations in two adults who had suffered head injuries that left them with defects of the skull, and observed, in particular, a sudden increase in the magnitude of those pulsations when the subjects engaged in mental activities” (Kolb & Whishaw, Fundamentals of Human Neuropsychology, 132).

Mosso devised a graphic recorder to document these pulsations, demonstrating that blood pressure changes in the brain caused by mental exertion occur independently of any pressure changes in the rest of the body. Mosso concluded that brain circulation changes selectively in accordance with mental activity, stating that “we must suppose a very delicate adjustment whereby the circulation follows the needs of the cerebral activity. Blood very likely may rush to each region of the cortex according as it is most active” (quoted in Shepherd, Creating Modern Neuroscience, 185). English translation in M. E. Raichle and G. M. Shepherd, Angelo Mosso's Circulation of Blood in the Human Brain (New York: Oxford Univ. Press, 2014.)

 


Subjects: IMAGING, INSTRUMENTS & TECHNOLOGIES, INSTRUMENTS & TECHNOLOGIES › Medical Instruments, NEUROSCIENCE › NERVOUS SYSTEM › Brain, including Medulla: Cerebrospinal Fluid, NEUROSCIENCE › Neurophysiology
  • 6874

Tratado clinico iconografico de dermatologia quirurgica.

Barcelona: Establecimeiento Tiopográfico La Academia Evaristo Ullastres, 1880.

The first medical text in Spanish to use photographs as illustrations. Includes 17 lithographed plates (12 chromolithographs) and 3 original photographs (2 hand-colored). Giné y Partagás was a surgeon, dermatologist, and psychiatrist. Digital facsimile from Google Books at this link.



Subjects: COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › Spain, DERMATOLOGY, IMAGING › Photography / Photomicrography
  • 7287

Breves apuntes sobre algunos objetos prehistóricos de la provincia de Santander

Santander, Spain, 1880.

Privately printed pamphlet asserting the prehistoric origin of cave paintings discovered in the cave of Altamira, Cantabria, Spain by Maria Sanz de Sautuola, daughter of the author. These were first prehistoric cave paintings discovered; initially the scientific establishment refused to accept the prehistoric origin of these paintings, and other cave paintings as they were discovered.



Subjects: COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › Spain, EVOLUTION › Human Origins / Human Evolution
  • 7440

Island life: Or, the phenomena and causes of insular faunas and floras, including a revision and attempted solution of the problem of geological climates.

London: Macmillan, 1880.

"In 1880, Wallace published the book Island Life as a sequel to The Geographical Distribution of Animals. It surveyed the distribution of both animal and plant species on islands. Wallace classified islands into three different types. Oceanic islands, such as the Galapagos and Hawaiian Islands (then known as the Sandwich Islands) formed in mid-ocean and never part of any large continent. Such islands were characterised by a complete lack of terrestrial mammals and amphibians, and their inhabitants (with the exceptions of migratory birds and species introduced by human activity) were typically the result of accidental colonisation and subsequent evolution. He divided continental islands into two separate classes depending on whether they had recently been part of a continent (like Britain) or much less recently (like Madagascar) and discussed how that difference affected the flora and fauna. He talked about how isolation affected evolution and how that could result in the preservation of classes of animals, such as the lemurs of Madagascar that were remnants of once widespread continental faunas. He extensively discussed how changes of climate, particularly periods of increased glaciation, may have affected the distribution of flora and fauna on some islands, and the first portion of the book discusses possible causes of these great ice agesIsland Life was considered a very important work at the time of its publication. It was discussed extensively in scientific circles both in published reviews and in private correspondence[126]" (Wikipedia article on Alfred Russel Wallace, accessed 02-2017).



Subjects: Biogeography, Biogeography › Zoogeography, EVOLUTION, ZOOLOGY
  • 7874

Histoire des monstres, depuis l'antiquité jusqu'a nos jours.

Paris: C. Reinwald, 1880.

Digital facsimile from the Internet Archive at this link.



Subjects: TERATOLOGY › History of Teratology
  • 7984

La médecine du Thalmud ou tous le passages concernant la médecine extraits des 21 traités du Thalmud de Babylone.

Paris: L'Auteur, 1880.

Digital facsimile from the Internet Archive at this link.



Subjects: Jews and Medicine › History of Jews and Medicine, RELIGION & Medicine & the Life Sciences
  • 8976

The natural & moral history of Indies, by Father Joseph de Acosta. Reprinted from the English translated edition of Edward Grimston, 1604. And edited, with notes and an introduction by Clements R. Markham. Vol. 1: The natural history. Vol. 2: The moral history. 2 vols.

London: Printed for the Hakluyt Society, 1880.

Digital facsimile from Google Books at this link.



Subjects: COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › Latin America, COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › Mexico, COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › Peru, NATURAL HISTORY, VOYAGES & Travels by Physicians, Surgeons & Scientists
  • 9306

The home hand-book of domestic hygiene and rational medicine.

Battle Creek, MI: Health Publishing Company, 1880.

"Kellogg was not only a physician, surgeon, author, and administrator, but also an inventor. Although less discussed in comparison to his food creations, he designed and improved upon a number of medical devices that aided in his surgical operations and in treatment modalities falling under the term "physiotherapy" that were regularly used at the Battle Creek Sanitarium. Dr. Kellogg attempted to popularize these treatment methods, including electrotherapy, hydrotherapy, and motor therapy, in his work The Home Handbook of Domestic Hygiene and Rational Medicine first published in 1881.[25]

"As he specialized in certain gynecological surgeries (particularly hemorrhoidectomies and ovariotomies) and gastrointestinal surgeries, he developed various instruments for these operations including specialized hooks and retractors, a heated operating table, and an aseptic drainage tube used in abdominal surgery.[26] Additionally, Kellogg took keen interest in devising instruments for light therapy, mechanical exercising, proper breathing, and pure water. His medical inventions spanned a wide range of applications and included a hot air bath, vibrating chair, oscillomanipulator, window tent for fresh air, pneumograph to graphically represent respiratory habits,[26]loofah mitt, and apparatus for home sterilization of milk.[26] Some of his inventions were even considered fashionable enough to be found in the first class gymnasium of the Titanic[27]" (Wikipedia article on John Harvey Kellogg, accessed 03-2017).

Digital facsimile of the 1885 edition from the Hathi Trust at this link.



Subjects: Household or Self-Help Medicine, Hygiene, Popularization of Medicine
  • 9626

Report on the scientific results of the Voyage of the H.M.S. Challenger during the Years 1873-76, under the command of Captain George S. Nares… and Captain Frank Tourle Thomson. 42 vols. in 50.

London: H.M.S.O. for Longman & Co...., 18801895.

This work edited by John Murray and Charles Wyville Thomson, and completed by Murray after Thomson's death, was published over a 15 year period, and included about 29,500 pages and more than 3,280 plates. It treated in unprecedented detail the currents, temperatures, depths and constituents of the oceans, the topography, geology and biology of the sea bottom, and animal life in the ocean depths. It included many observations on other natural history topics including fauna of the countries visited. Some of the notable papers include Birds, by P.L.Sclater,with 30 hand-col.plates; Bones of Cetacea, by W.Turner, with 3 plates; Collections of Eggs described by P.L.Sclater; Essay on the Green Turtle by W.K.Parker with 13 plates; Essay on Shore Fishes, with 32 plates and Deep Sea Fishes, with 73 plates, both by A.Gunther; Deep-Sea Fauna of New Zealand, by A.Hamilton.

Digital facsimiles of the entire set are available from the Biodiversity Heritage Library at this link.



Subjects: BIOLOGY › Marine Biology, Oceanography, VOYAGES & Travels by Physicians, Surgeons & Scientists
  • 11153

Recherches sur les difformités congénitales chez les monstres, le foetus et l'enfant.

Paris: Bureau de Publication, 18801882.

Published as Vol. 1 of Oeuvres de Docteur Jules Guerin, of which this work was all published. Digital facsimile from Google Books at this link.



Subjects: GENETICS / HEREDITY › HEREDITARY / CONGENITAL DISEASES OR DISORDERS, TERATOLOGY
  • 11291

Catalogue of the "Wood" Museum of Bellevue Hospital, New York City. Comprising a descriptive and classified list of anatomical and pathological specimens.

New York: Department Press, 1880.

Described 224 specimens in 26 categories.  The museum was colected by James Rushmore Wood.



Subjects: MUSEUMS › Medical, Anatomical & Pathological
  • 11721

Die Messung des Pulses und des Blutdrucks am Menschen.

Berlin: August Hirschwald, 1880.

Probably the first book published on the messurement blood pressure in mankind. Mostly concerned with normal physiologic conditions, with a small section on fluctuations in illness. Digital facsimile from Google Books at this link.



Subjects: CARDIOLOGY › CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE › Hypertension (High Blood Pressure), CARDIOLOGY › Tests for Heart & Circulatory Function › Sphygmogram, INSTRUMENTS & TECHNOLOGIES › Medical Instruments › Sphygmomanometer
  • 12884

Fisologia del dolore.

Florence: Felice Paggi, 1880.

Mantegazza performed pioneering research into the physiology of pain at his experimental laboratory. His work marks the beginning of algometry, the scientific measurement of responses to pain stimuli.

Mantegazza invented an “algometer,” a device for measuring the physiological effects of pain in laboratory animals, and also investigated the facial expressions of individuals subjected to painful stimuli. His pain researches, conducted during the 1860s and 1870s, are summarized in his Fisiolgia del dolore.


Subjects: NEUROLOGY › Chronic Pain, PAIN / Pain Management
  • 13109

The spectroscope in medicine.

London, 1880.


Subjects: HEMATOLOGY, INSTRUMENTS & TECHNOLOGIES
  • 13169

The physiology of woman, embracing girlhood, maternity, and mature age, with essays on the "Coeducation of the sexes in medicine," "The physiological basis of education," "Temperance from a physician's point of view, and "A plea for moderation."

Chicago, IL: Cushing, Thomas & Company, 1880.

Stevenson was the first woman member of the American Medical Association (AMA), the first woman appointed on the Illinois State Board of Health, and the first woman to be on staff at the Cook County Hospital in Chicago. Digital facsimile of the 1882 3rd edition from the U.S. National Library of Medicine at this link.



Subjects: OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › GYNECOLOGY, PHYSIOLOGY
  • 13279

Principles of electro-homoeopathy. A new science discovered by Count Cesar Mattei, of Bologna.

Nice: Printing and Stereotype Offices V.-E. Gauthier & Co., 1880.

"Electrohomoeopathy (or Mattei cancer cure) is a derivative of homeopathy invented in the 19th century by Count Cesare Mattei. The name is derived from a combination of electro (referring to an electric bio-energy content supposedly extracted from plants and of therapeutic value, rather than electricity in its conventional sense) and homeopathy (referring to an alternative medicinal philosophy developed by Samuel Hahnemann in the 18th century). Electrohomeopathy has been defined as the combination of electrical devices and homeopathy" (Wikipedia).



Subjects: ALTERNATIVE, Complimentary & Pseudomedicine › Homeopathy
  • 534.67

Storia della teratologia. 8 vols. (Tomo 1-3, 5-7 called pt. 1; t. 4 and 8 called pt. 2, Note ed osservazioni.)

Bologna: Regia Tipographia, 18811894.

The most extensive history and bibliography of teratology ever published, even though the section on malformations of single organs and parts was never completed. Contains excerpts and detailed abstracts of innumerable rare specimens from sources that are obscure and otherwise extremely difficult to obtain. Digital facsimile of vol. 1 from the Internet Archive at this link. Digital facsimiles of most, if not all, volumes are available from Google Books.



Subjects: BIBLIOGRAPHY › Bibliographies of Specific Subjects, TERATOLOGY › History of Teratology
  • 827

On a method of isolating the mammalian heart.

Science, 2, 228, 1881.

Martin devised a form of perfusion of the isolated mammalian heart – one of the greatest single contributions ever to come from an American physiological laboratory. This made possible his later work on the heart. See W. Bruce Fye,  "H. Newell Martin and the isolated heart preparation: The link between the frog and open heart surgery," Circulation , 73 (1986) 857-864.
Also in 1881 Martin published a different account: "A new method of studying the mammalian heart," Studies from the Biological Laboratory, 2 (1881) 119-130, with an engraved plate drawn by Martin.



Subjects: CARDIOLOGY › CARDIOVASCULAR PHYSIOLOGY
  • 4564

Paramyoklonus multiplex.

Virchows Arch. path. Anat., 86, 421-30, 1881.

First description of paramyoclonus multiplex, “Friedreich’s disease”.



Subjects: NEUROLOGY › Diseases of the Nervous System
  • 635

Handbuch der Physiologie des Gesammt-Stoffwechsels und der Fortpflanzung.

Leipzig: P. C. W. Vogel, 1881.

Forms vol. 6, pt. 1 of Hermann’s Handbuch der Physiologie.



Subjects: PHYSIOLOGY
  • 1014

Nuovo metodo per avere il succo enterico puro, e stabilime le proprietà fisiologiche.

Mem. r. Accad. Sci. Ist. Bologna, 2, 515-38, 1881.


Subjects: GASTROENTEROLOGY › Anatomy & Physiology of Digestion
  • 701

Physiologische Chemie.

Berlin: A. Hirschwald, 1881.

Hoppe-Seyler, one of the greatest of the physiological chemists, founded the Zeitschrift für physiologische Chemie and wrote a classical textbook on the subject.



Subjects: BIOCHEMISTRY
  • 1042

Ueber die Bedeutung der anorganischen Salze für die Ernährung des Thiers.

Hoppe-Seyl. Z. physiol. Chem., 5, 31-39, 1881.

Working in Bunge’s laboratory, Lunin prepared synthetic milk diets and showed that they lacked an unknown factor necessary for animal growth, and that animals cannot live on a chemically pure (i.e. vitamin-free) diet. This was the starting point of modern research on vitamins.



Subjects: NUTRITION / DIET › Vitamins
  • 2176

Ueber primäres Debridement der Schusswunden.

Trans. 7th Int. Med. Congr., London, 2, 587-97., 1881.

Reyher, a Russian surgeon, reintroduced débridement and made a controlled study of its value in contaminated gunshot wounds during the Russo-Turkish War of 1877. See No. 2177.



Subjects: COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › Russia, MILITARY MEDICINE & HYGIENE, SURGERY: General › Wound Healing
  • 1566

Das Gehörorgan der Wirbelthiere. 2 vols.

Stockholm: Samson & Wallin, 18811884.

The most magnificent of all comparative anatomical studies of the ear, and the most beautiful studies of the ear after those of Casseri (No.1540). Retzius described the “Retzius bodies” in the labyrinth.



Subjects: ANATOMY › Anatomical Illustration, COMPARATIVE ANATOMY, OTOLOGY › Anatomy of the Ear, OTOLOGY › Physiology of Hearing
  • 502

Die Coelomtheorie. Versuch einer Erklärung des mittleren Keimblattes.

Jena: Verlag von Gustav Fischer, 1881.

The Hertwig brothers formulated the “coelom” theory to account for the classification and phylogeny of metazoan animals. Digital facsimile from the Internet Archive at this link.



Subjects: BIOLOGY, EMBRYOLOGY
  • 4818

Epilepsy and other chronic convulsive diseases.

London: J. & A. Churchill, 1881.

Gowers left a classic account of epilepsy, a book which today is still one of the most important on the subject. He was first to note the tetanic nature of the epileptic convulsion.



Subjects: NEUROLOGY › Epilepsy
  • 783

La circulation du sang à l’état physiologique et dans les maladies.

Paris: G. Masson, 1881.


Subjects: CARDIOLOGY › CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE, CARDIOLOGY › CARDIOVASCULAR PHYSIOLOGY
  • 1413

Untersuchungen über die Localisation der Funktionen in der Grosshirnrinde des Menschen.

Vienna: Wilhelm Braumüller, 1881.

Exner identified the superficial tangential fibers of the molecular layer of the cerebral cortex, known eponymically as “Exner’s plexus”.

Exner’s book of 1881 on cortical localization contained maps based on the clinical manifestations of cerebral lesions…. Exner was among those postulating the existence of precise functional ‘centers’ with a minute parcellation of the cortex, based on the belief that the site of a lesion producing a specific functional disturbance indicated the location of that function. He is best known for siting his ‘writing center’ in the posterior part of the second frontal convolution.” (Clarke and Dewhurst).



Subjects: Cartography, Medical & Biological, NEUROSCIENCE › NERVOUS SYSTEM › Brain, including Medulla: Cerebrospinal Fluid
  • 1414

Ueber die Functionen der Grosshirnrinde.

Berlin: A. Hirschwald, 1881.

Munk made important investigations on the functions of the temporal lobes.



Subjects: NEUROSCIENCE › NERVOUS SYSTEM › Brain, including Medulla: Cerebrospinal Fluid
  • 1647

Die öffentliche Hygiene im alten Rom.

Berlin, 1881.


Subjects: ANCIENT MEDICINE › Roman Empire › History of Medicine in the Roman Empire, Hygiene › History of Hygiene, PUBLIC HEALTH › History of Public Health
  • 1873

Die natürlich vorkommenden mydriatisch wirkenden Alkaloïde.

Ann. Chem. Pharm., 206, 274-307, 1881.

Isolation of hysocine (scopolamine), an anti-nausea drug.



Subjects: PHARMACOLOGY › PHARMACEUTICALS
  • 2081

Die Nebenwirkungen der Arzneimittel.

Berlin: A. Hirschwald, 1881.

This was the first book of its kind. It deals with the borderline between the pharmacological and the toxicological action of drugs with the untoward or side-effects of all kinds of medicaments. For details regarding this book and its author, see D. I. Macht, Ann. med. Hist., 1931, 3, 179-94, which includes a bibliography of Lewin’s writings. English translation by W. T. Alexander, with the author’s revisions, as The incidental effects of drugs. A pharmacological and clinical hand-book (New York, 1882). Digital facsimile of the 1882 edition from the Internet Archive at this link. The revised and enlarged second edition was translated by J. J. Mulheron and more appropriately titled The untoward effects of drugs. A pharmcological and clinical manual (Detroit, 1883). Digital facsimile of the 1883 translation from the Internet Archive at this link.



Subjects: PHARMACOLOGY › Drug Side-Effects, TOXICOLOGY
  • 2305

Lehrbuch de allgemeinen und speciellen pathologischen Anatomie und Pathogenese.

Jena: Gustav Fischer, 18811882.

An outstanding textbook which today remains of value to pathologists. Ziegler was Professor of Pathology at Freiburg, and founded the Beiträge zur pathologischen Anatomie (“Ziegler’s Beiträge”).



Subjects: PATHOLOGY
  • 2330

Sulla poliorromennite scrofolosa, o tisi delle sierose.

G. int. Sci. med., n.s. 3, 1037-53., 1881.

Concato’s excellent description of tuberculous inflammation of the serous membranes resulted in the eponym “Concato’s disease”.



Subjects: INFECTIOUS DISEASE › Tuberculosis
  • 2493

Ueber das Methylenblau und seine klinisch-bakterioskopische Verwerthung.

Z. klin. Med., 2, 710-13, 1881.

Introduction of methylene blue in bacteriological staining.



Subjects: BACTERIOLOGY › Bacteriology, Laboratory techniques in
  • 2494

Report upon micro-organisms in surgical diseases.

Brit. med. J., 1, 369-75, 1881.

Ogston showed that micrococci are constantly present in acute and chronic abscesses. He discovered Staphylococcus aureus. Ogston named staphylococcus in his paper, "Micrococcus poisoning," J. Anat. Physiol., 1882, 16, 526-6; & 1883, 17, 24-58.



Subjects: BACTERIOLOGY › BACTERIA (mostly pathogenic; sometimes indexed only to genus) › Gram-Positive Bacteria › Staphylococcus, MICROBIOLOGY, SURGERY: General › Wound Healing
  • 2495

Essays on the floating-matter of the air in relation to putrefaction and infection.

London: Longmans, Green & Co., 1881.

Tyndall interested himself in atmospheric germs and dust. His experiments on sterilization by heat led him to the discovery in 1877 of fractional sterilization (Tyndallization). His work on the subject is included in the above book, in which he also described the bactericidal effects of moulds. The researches of Tyndall, even more than those of Pasteur, dealt the final blow to the doctrine of spontaneous generation; they were fundamental for the progress of bacteriology. See No. 1932.



Subjects: BACTERIOLOGY, BACTERIOLOGY › Bacteriology, Laboratory techniques in, MICROBIOLOGY
  • 2495.1

Zur Untersuchungen von pathogenen Organismen.

Mittheil. Kais. Gesundheitsamte, 1, 1-48., 1881.

Koch’s description of his methods of growing bacterial cultures in gelatine solutions, making films of bacteria on cover slips and fixing them by gentle heat, and staining slides differentially by aniline. These methods are the bases on which bacteriology largely rests.



Subjects: BACTERIOLOGY › Bacteriology, Laboratory techniques in, MICROBIOLOGY
  • 2784

Ueber die Messung des Blutdrucks am Menschen.

Z. klin. Med., 2, 79-96., 1881.

Basch’s important modifications of the methods of blood-pressure recording mark the beginning of clinical sphygmomanometry. English translation in Ruskin (No. 3160.1).



Subjects: CARDIOLOGY › CARDIOVASCULAR PHYSIOLOGY
  • 2785

Sulla poliorromennite scrofolosa, otisi delle sierose.

G. int. Sci. med., n.s. 3, 1037-53, 1881.

“Concato’s disease” – inflammation of the serous membranes. Involvement of the pericardium was later described by Pick (No. 2803).



Subjects: CARDIOLOGY › CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE
  • 3125.5

Über einige Beobachtungen am anämischen Blut.

Berl. klin. Wschr., 18, 43., 1881.

In the above contributions to the knowledge of anemia, Ehrlich dealt in the first paper with the blood cells in anemia, and in the second gave the first description of the reticulocyte.



Subjects: HEMATOLOGY › Anemia & Chlorosis
  • 3172

L’organisme microscopique trouvé par M. Pasteur dans la maladie nouvelle provoquée par la salive d’un enfant mort de la rage.

Bull. Acad. Méd. Paris, 2 sér., 10, 379., 1881.

Probably the earliest record of pneumococcus. Parrot reported the discovery made by Louis Pasteur.



Subjects: BACTERIOLOGY › BACTERIA (mostly pathogenic; sometimes indexed only to genus) › Gram-Positive Bacteria › Streptococcus › Pneumococcus , RESPIRATION › Respiratory Diseases
  • 3173

A fatal form of septicaemia in the rabbit, produced by the subcutaneous injection of human saliva.

National Board of Health Bulletin, April 30, John Murphy & Co., 1881.

In the same year as Pasteur, and independently, Sternberg discovered the pneumococcus (Streptococcus pneumoniae) demonstrating its carriage in the healthy human mouth.



Subjects: BACTERIOLOGY › BACTERIA (mostly pathogenic; sometimes indexed only to genus) › Gram-Positive Bacteria › Streptococcus › Pneumococcus , RESPIRATION › Respiratory Diseases
  • 3286

Surgical treatment of hypertrophic nasal catarrh.

Trans. Amer. laryng. Ass., (1880), 2, 130-41, 1881.

Jarvis nasal snare described.



Subjects: OTORHINOLARYNGOLOGY (Ear, Nose, Throat) › Rhinology
  • 3288

Clinical remarks on the proclivity of the abductor fibres of the recurrent laryngeal nerve to become affected sooner than the adductor fibres, or even exclusively, in cases of undoubted central or peripheral injury or disease of the roots or trunks of the pneumogastric, spinal accessory, or recurrent nerves.

Arch. Laryng. (N.Y.), 2, 197-222, 1881.

“Semon’s law”. Of German birth, Semon became one of the greatest laryngologists in Britain. He developed the modern operation of laryngofissure for early cancer of the larynx.



Subjects: ONCOLOGY & CANCER, OTORHINOLARYNGOLOGY (Ear, Nose, Throat) › Laryngology
  • 3387.3

Les lésions nerveuses dans la surdité.

Trans. 7th int. med. Congr., London, 3, 370-72, 1881.

Gellédescribed a test for determination of ossicular fixation.



Subjects: OTOLOGY › Audiology › Hearing Tests
  • 3944

Ueber Drüsenepithelnekrosen beim Diabetes mellitus mit besonderer Berücksichtigung des diabetischen Coma.

Dtsch. Arch. klin. Med., 28, 143-242., 1881.

“Ebstein’s disease”, hyaline degeneration and necrosis of the epithelial cells of the renal tubules, sometimes seen in diabetes mellitus.



Subjects: Genito-Urinary System › Kidney: Urinary Secretion, Metabolism & Metabolic Disorders › Diabetes
  • 4079

Di un caso di encondroma et angioma multiplo. Contribuzione alla genesi embrionale dei tumori.

Movimento med.-chir. 3, 399-412, 1881.

“Maffucci’s syndrome” – cavernous hemangioma with enchondromas of skeleton, producing deformities.



Subjects: DERMATOLOGY › Specific Dermatoses, ONCOLOGY & CANCER
  • 3474

Offenes Schreiben an Herrn Dr. L. Wittelshöfer.

Wien. med. Wschr., 31, 161-65, 1427, 1881.

First successful resection of the pylorus for cancer, the Billroth I operation.



Subjects: GASTROENTEROLOGY › Esophagus: Stomach: Duodenum: Intestines, ONCOLOGY & CANCER, SURGERY: General , SURGERY: General › Surgical Oncology, SURGERY: General › Upper Gastrointestinal Surgery
  • 3475

Ueber Gastroskopie und Oesophagoskopie.

Wien. med. Presse, 22, 1405-08, 1437-43, 1473-75, 1505-07, 1537-41, 1573-77, 1629-31, 1881.

Mikulicz was the first to use the electric oesophagoscope invented by Leiter in 1880. He was among the most distinguished of Billroth’s pupils and contributed much to cancer surgery.



Subjects: GASTROENTEROLOGY › Esophagus: Stomach: Duodenum: Intestines, INSTRUMENTS & TECHNOLOGIES › Medical Instruments › Endoscope, INSTRUMENTS & TECHNOLOGIES › Medical Instruments › Gastroscope
  • 3476

Gastro-Enterostomie.

Zbl. Chir., 8, 705-08, 1881.

Wölfler perfected the operation of gastro-enterostomy.



Subjects: GASTROENTEROLOGY › Esophagus: Stomach: Duodenum: Intestines, SURGERY: General › Upper Gastrointestinal Surgery
  • 3479

On a case of obstruction of the bowels due to volvulus, treated by abdominal section; recovery.

Lancet, 2, 678-80, 1881.

First successful operation in Britain for treatment of volvulus, performed 20 February, 1883.



Subjects: GASTROENTEROLOGY › Esophagus: Stomach: Duodenum: Intestines, SURGERY: General › Upper Gastrointestinal Surgery
  • 4346.2

Observations concerning transplantation of bone. Illustrated by a case of inter-human osseous transplantation, whereby over two-thirds of the shaft of a humerus was restored.

Proc. R. Soc. (Lond)., 32, 232-47, 1881.

First allograft transplantation of bone in humans.



Subjects: ORTHOPEDICS › Orthopedic Surgery & Treatments › Bone Grafts, TRANSPLANTATION
  • 5031

Der Bacillus des Abdominaltyphus und dertyphöse Process.

Arch exp. Path. Pharmak., 13, 381-460, 1881.

Klebs probably saw the typhoid bacillus before Eberth, reporting it later.



Subjects: BACTERIOLOGY › BACTERIA (mostly pathogenic; sometimes indexed only to genus) › Gram-Negative Bacteria › Salmonella › Salmonella enterica subsp. enterica serovar Typhi , INFECTIOUS DISEASE › Salmonellosis › Typhoid Fever
  • 4176

Ueber eine neue Form von Haemoglobinurie beim Menschen.

Berl. klin. Wschr., 18, 691-94, 1881.

First description of “march hemoglobinuria” – the condition in which physical exertion gives rise to the passage of red urine containing hemoglobin in solution.



Subjects: UROLOGY
  • 4177

Leçons cliniques sur les maladies des voies urinaires.

Paris: J.-B. Baillière, 1881.

Guyon was the outstanding French urologist of his day, an operator of great skill and a brilliant lithotomist.



Subjects: UROLOGY
  • 4177.1

On the occurrence of micro-organisms in fresh urine.

Brit. med. J., 2, 623-5, 1881.

Roberts reported a relationship between the finding of bacteria in the urine and the development of cystitis after catheterization.



Subjects: UROLOGY
  • 4218

Die operative Behandlung der beweglichen Niere durch Fixation.

Zbl. Chir., 8, 449-52, 1881.

Hahn devised the operation of nephropexy (nephrorrhaphy) for the relief of movable kidney.



Subjects: NEPHROLOGY › Renal Disease, NEPHROLOGY › Renal Disease › Kidney Surgery
  • 5481.3

Les injections de virus rabique dans le torrent circulatoire ne provoquent pas l’éclosion de la rage et semblant conférer l’immunité. La rage peut être transmise par l’ingestion de la matiére rabique.

C. R. Acad. Sci. (Paris), 93, 284-85, 1881.

Galtier immunized sheep by inoculating rabid saliva in the veins; this did not produce the disease and protected the animals from a further inoculation. His work aroused the interest of Pasteur.



Subjects: IMMUNOLOGY › Immunization, INFECTIOUS DISEASE › Animal Bite Wound Infections › Rabies, VETERINARY MEDICINE, VIROLOGY › VIRUSES (by Family) › Rhabdoviridae, VIROLOGY › VIRUSES (by Family) › Rhabdoviridae › Rabies Lyssavirus
  • 5481.4

Sur la rage.

C. R. Acad. Sci. (Paris), 92, 1259-60, 1881.

This paper marks the beginning of Pasteur’s studies on rabies. English translation in R. Suzor, Hydrophobia: An account of M. Pasteur’s system…London, 1887.



Subjects: INFECTIOUS DISEASE › Animal Bite Wound Infections › Rabies, VIROLOGY › VIRUSES (by Family) › Rhabdoviridae › Rabies Lyssavirus
  • 5002

Die Entdeckung des Hypnotismus: nebst einer ungedruckten Original-Abhandlung von [James] Braid in deutscher Übersetzung.

Berlin: Gebrüder Paetel, 1881.

A translation into German by Preyer of a previously unpublished work on the history of hypnosis by James Braid. 



Subjects: PSYCHIATRY › History of Psychiatry, PSYCHOLOGY › History of Psychology, PSYCHOTHERAPY › Hypnosis › History of Psychotherapy: Hypnosis
  • 5754.2

An operation for prominence of the auricles.

Arch. Otol. (N.Y.), 10, 97-99, 1881.

Otoplasty first described. Ely died very young from tuberculosis.



Subjects: PLASTIC & RECONSTRUCTIVE SURGERY › Otoplasty
  • 5920

Un ophtalmomètre pratique.

Ann Oculist. (Brux.), 86, 5-21, 1881.

Javal and Schiötz here describe an ophthalmometer invented by them.



Subjects: INSTRUMENTS & TECHNOLOGIES, OPHTHALMOLOGY
  • 5617

Die ischaemischen Muskellähmungen und Kontrakturen.

Zhl. Chir., 8, 801-03, 1881.

“Volkmann’s ischemic contracture” first described. English translation in Bick, Classics of orthopaedics.



Subjects: ORTHOPEDICS › Diseases of or Injuries to Bones, Joints & Skeleton
  • 5636.1

Ueber Desinfection.

Mitt. k. Gesundheitsamte, 1, 234-82., 1881.

Koch showed that mercuric chloride was superior to carbolic acid, and that live steam surpassed hot air in sterilizing power.



Subjects: SURGERY: General › Antisepsis / Asepsis
  • 6073

Ueber die Enukleation subperitonealer Fibrome der Gebärmutter durch das Scheidengewölbe; vaginale Myoniotomie.

Wien. med. Wschr., 31, col. 501-05, 525-29, Vienna, 1881.

The operation of enucleation of subperitoneal uterine fibroids by the vaginal route was introduced by Czerny. In the second paper the words “Fibromyome” and “Myomotomie” replace “Fibrome” and “Myoniotomie” in the title.



Subjects: OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › GYNECOLOGY
  • 6074

Ueber die theilweise und vollständige Ausschneidung der carcinomatösen Gebärmutter.

Z. Geburtsh. Gynäk., 6, 213-30, 1881.


Subjects: OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › GYNECOLOGY, ONCOLOGY & CANCER, SURGERY: General › Surgical Oncology
  • 6075

A case of removal of the uterine appendages.

Brit. med. J., 1, 766-67, 1881.

Oöphorectomy, February 1881.



Subjects: OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › GYNECOLOGY › Oophorectomy
  • 5455

El mosquito hipoteticamente considerado como agente de transmisión de la fiebre amarilla.

Ann. r. Acad. Cienc. méd. Habana, 18, 147-69, Havana, 18811882.

Finlay was the first to suggest that the Aedes aegypti mosquito was the vector of yellow fever. Digital facsimile from Google Books at this link. English translation by Rudolph Matas as "The mosquito hypothetically considered as an agent in the transmission of yellow fever poison," New Orleans Medical and Surgical Journal, 9 (1882) 601-616. Digital facsimile of the English translation also from Google Books at this link.

 



Subjects: COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › Cuba, INFECTIOUS DISEASE › VECTOR-BORNE DISEASES › Mosquito-Borne Diseases › Yellow Fever, Latin American Medicine
  • 5924
  • 6195

Die Verhütung der Augenentzüngung der Neugeborenen.

Arch. Gynäk., 17, 50-53, 1881.

Credé introduced the practice of instillation of silver nitrate into the eyes of all newborn children as a preventive measure against ophthalmia neonatorum. Separate expanded edition with the same title, Berlin: A. Hirschwald, 1884.



Subjects: OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › OBSTETRICS, OPHTHALMOLOGY › Ocular Surgery & Procedures, PEDIATRICS › Neonatology
  • 5236

Un nouveau parasite trouvé dans le sang plusieurs malades atteints de fièvre palustre.

Bull. Soc, méd. Hôp. Paris. (Mém.), 2 sér., 17, 158-64, 1881.

Laveran first saw the malaria parasite on 20 October 1880; he at once recognized its significance. He named it Oscillaria malariae. English translation in Kean (No. 2268.1). Laveran also published a monograph on the discovery: Nature parasitaire des accidents de l’impaludisme. Description d’un nouveau parasite trouvé dans le sang…Paris: Baillière, 1881. See also his "Note sur un nouveau parasite trouvé dans le sang de plusieurs maladies atteints de fièvre palustre," Bulletin de l’Académie de Médicine, 2nd Series. 9 (1880) 1235-1236. 

English translations in Paludism. Translated by J.W. Martin. London: New Sydenham Society, 1893. Laveran was awarded the Nobel Prize in 1907.



Subjects: INFECTIOUS DISEASE › VECTOR-BORNE DISEASES › Mosquito-Borne Diseases › Malaria, PARASITOLOGY › Plasmodia, PARASITOLOGY › Plasmodia › P. vivax, P. falciparum, P. malariae, P. ovale, and P. knowlesi
  • 6339

Vorlesungen über Kinderkrankheiten.

Berlin: A. Hirschwald, 1881.

Henoch, whose name is remembered for his description of purpura, initiated the modern concept of pediatrics. English translation, New York, 1882.



Subjects: PEDIATRICS
  • 6803

New Sydenham Society’s lexicon of terms used in medicine and the allied sciences. 5 vols.

London: New Sydenham Society, 18811899.


Subjects: Dictionaries, Biomedical › Lexicography, Biomedical
  • 5271

On a horse disease in India known as “surra”, probably due to a haematozoon.

Vet. J., 13, 1-10, 82-88, 180-200, 326-33, 1881.

While serving in India as a veterinary surgeon, Evans discovered parasites in the blood of horses suffering from surra; this was the first pathogenic trypanosome to be described.



Subjects: COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › India, INFECTIOUS DISEASE › VECTOR-BORNE DISEASES › Triatomine Bug-Borne Diseases › Chagas Disease (American Trypanosomiasis) , VETERINARY MEDICINE
  • 4563

Contribution à l’étude clinique de la sciatique.

Paris, 1881.

“Lasègue’s sign” in sciatica. Although discovered by E. C. Lasègue, it was first reported by his pupil Forst.



Subjects: NEUROLOGY › Chronic Pain › Sciatica, NEUROLOGY › Diseases of the Nervous System
  • 5616

An address on the catgut ligature

Trans. clin. Soc. Lond., 14, pp. xliii-lxiii., 1881.


Subjects: SURGERY: General
  • 7645

Frozen sections of a child by Thomas Dwight. Fifteen drawings from nature by H. P. Quincy.

New York: William Wood, 1881.

The first atlas of cross-sectional anatomy published in the United States. Digital facsimile from the Internet Archive at this link



Subjects: ANATOMY › 19th Century, ANATOMY › Cross-Sectional, PEDIATRICS
  • 7707

Lésions osseuses de l'homme préhistorique en France et en Algérie.

Paris: Alphonse Derenne, 1881.

Le Baron attempted diagnosis and predicted etiology on thousands of bones collected at the Musée Broca, the Musée Dupuytren, and the Musée d'Histoire Naturelle.. Digital facsimile from BnF Gallica at this link.



Subjects: ANTHROPOLOGY › Medical Anthropology, EVOLUTION › Human Origins / Human Evolution, PATHOLOGY › Paleopathology, Paleoanthropology
  • 8913

The formation of vegetable mould through the action of worms, with observations on their habits.

London: John Murray, 1881.

Darwin's last book, published only 6 months before his death, but reporting on a subject that he had studied for more than 50 years. "He showed the services performed by earthworms in eating leaves and grinding earth in their gizzards and turning it into fertile soil, which they constantly sift and turn over down to a depth of twenty inches form the surface, thereby aerating it. He calculating from the weight of worm-casting that on one acre in one year's time eighteen tons of soil are brought up to the surface by worms. This was a pioneer study of quantaitative ecology" (Gavin de Beer in D.S.B.)



Subjects: BIOLOGY › Ecology / Environment
  • 10334

History of medicine in Massachusetts. A centennial address delivered before the Massachusetts Medical Society at Cambridge, June 7, 1881.

Boston, MA: A. Williams and Company, 1881.

Digital facsimile from the Hathi Trust at this link.



Subjects: Societies and Associations, Medical, U.S.: CONTENT OF PUBLICATIONS BY STATE › Massachusetts
  • 10374

Catalogue of the Pathological Museum, Medical College, Calcutta.

Calcutta: Printed at the Bengal Secretariat Press, 1881.

Digital facsimile from the Internet Archive at this link.



Subjects: COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › India, MUSEUMS › Medical, Anatomical & Pathological , PATHOLOGY
  • 10809

Dedication of the New Building and Hall of the Boston Medical Library Association, 19 Boylston Place, December 3, 1878. Order of exercises. Address by the president, Dr. Oliver Wendell Holmes. Report of the building committee. Remarks by Dr. J. S. Billings, Prof. Justin Winsor, Dr. George H. Lyman, Charles W. Eliot, Dr. David P. Smith, Dr. Calvin Ellis, Dr. Henry I. Bowditch.

Cambridge, MA: Printed at the Riverside Press, 1881.

The printed wrapper of this pamphlet has a different text:

Address delivered at the dedication of the Hall of the Boston Medical Library Association, December III., MDCCLXXVIII., by Oliver Wendell Holmes, M.D., President. Report of C. P. Putnam, M.D. Remarks of J.S. Billings, M.D., Prof. Justin Winsor, C.H. Lyman, M.D., Pres. C. W. Lito, D.P. Smith, M.D., C. Ellis, M.D., H.I. Bowditch, M.D. Exhibition of medical portraits. Report of the librarian, James R. Chadwick, M.D. read at the sixth annual meeting, held on october IV, MDCCCLXXXI. Repot of F.C. Shattuck, M.D., on the directory for nurses.

Digital facsimile from the Hathi Trust at this link.

Holmes's address was first published in the Boston Medical and Surgical Journal, 99 (1878) 745-774.



Subjects: BIBLIOGRAPHY › Institutional Medical Libraries, Histories of, U.S.: CONTENT OF PUBLICATIONS BY STATE › Massachusetts
  • 11021

The practice of medicine by women in the United States.

Journal of Social Science, 14, 178-, 1881.

"Emily F. Pope, C. Augusta Pope, and Emma Call, doctors on the staff of the New England Hospital, published a study on women physicians. Their sample included a group of 430 women doctors who had graduated from various medical schools since 1870. Only 13 of the respondents reported poor health and only 4 of these ascribed their illness to the pressures of their practice. Furthermore, only 34 of the 307 who reponded to a special question regarding menstruation stated that they were periodically incapacitated. 'We do not think it would be easy,' the authors delcared, 'to find a better record of health among an equal number of women, taken at random from all over the country.' (Walsh, Doctors wanted, No women Need Apply, pp 131-32)



Subjects: COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › United States (See also state listings under U.S.), WOMEN in Medicine & the Life Sciences, Publications About, WOMEN, Publications by › Years 1800 - 1899
  • 11022

The college story: Valedictory address to the twenty-ninth graduating class of the Woman's Medical College of Pennsylvania.

Philadelphia: Grant, Faires, and Rodgers, 1881.

"Bodley sought to survey all the graduates of the Woman's Medical College of Pennsylvania from its founding 1850 through 1880. Of the total 276 graduates, 244 were alive. Her survey is based on the 186 graduates who responded to her questionnaire" (Drachman, Hospital with a heart, p. 226). Digital facsimile from Drexel University Libraries at this link.



Subjects: Education, Biomedical, & Biomedical Profession, WOMEN in Medicine & the Life Sciences, Publications About, WOMEN, Publications by › Years 1800 - 1899
  • 11145

Catalogue du Musée Orfila publié sour les auspices de la Faculté de Médecine de Paris.

Paris: Paul Dupont & G. Masson, 1881.

Digital facsimile from BnFgallica at this link.



Subjects: MUSEUMS › Medical, Anatomical & Pathological
  • 11334

Musée préhistorique. By Gabriel and Adrien Mortillet.

Paris: C. Reinwald, 1881.

This atlas of 100 plates containing roughly 800 individual images, with accompanying text, was both a comprehensive atlas of then-known prehistoric artifact types and an attempt at their classification. Until 1902 the scientific establishment rejected the authenticity of prehistoric cave paintings. In the 1903 second edition, the work was revised and expanded to 105 plates by Adrien de Mortillet to include recent discoveries on cave paintings, the legitimacy of which had been accepted in 1902 by Emil Cartailhac and other authorities.

Digital facsimile of the 1881 edition from the Internet Archive at this link; facsimile of the 1903 edition from Google Books at this link.



Subjects: EVOLUTION › Human Origins / Human Evolution
  • 11416

Nederlands Tijdschrift tegen de Kwakzalverij. Vol. 1- .

Amsterdam: Vereniging Tegen De Kwakzalverij, 1881.

Founded in 1881, this Dutch organization is the oldest skeptical organization in the world investigating alternative medicine and quackery. It has published its periodical since 1881. The archive of the periodical may be viewed on the society's website: https://www.kwakzalverij.nl/tijdschrift/



Subjects: ALTERNATIVE, Complimentary & Pseudomedicine, BIBLIOGRAPHY › Periodicals, COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › Netherlands, Quackery
  • 13005

Early European researches into the flora of China.

Shanghai: American Presbyterian Mission Press, 1881.

Digital facsimile from Google Books at this link.



Subjects: BOTANY › History of Botany, COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › China, People's Republic of
  • 13045

Leprosy in British Guiana. An account of West Indian Leprosy. Illustrated with twenty lithographic plates, coloured and plain, from original drawings and photographs of patients at the asylum, and several engravings from camera-lucida drawings, by E. Noble Smith, of pathological specimens, mounted and prepared, with explanatory remarks by P. S. Abraham....

London: J. & A. Churchill, 1881.

The author was medical superintendent of the General Leper Asylum, British Guiana, West Indies. Digital facsimile from the Internet Archive at this link.



Subjects: COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › Guyana, DERMATOLOGY, INFECTIOUS DISEASE › Leprosy
  • 13050

The plants an drugs of sind; being a systematic account, with descriptions, of the indigenous flora, and notices of the value and uses of their products in commerce, medicine and the arts.

London: Richardson & Co. & Bombay: Education Society's Press, Byculla, 1881.


Subjects: BOTANY, COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › Pakistan, PHARMACOLOGY › PHARMACEUTICALS › Materia medica / Herbals / Herbal Medicines
  • 946

Normale und pathologische Anatomie der Nasenhöhle und ihrer pneumatischen Anhänge.

Vienna: W. Braumüller, 18821892.


Subjects: RESPIRATION
  • 828

Observations on the direct influence of variations of arterial pressure upon the rate of beat of the mammalian heart.

Stud. Biol. Lab. Johns Hopk. Univ., 2, 213-33, 1882.


Subjects: CARDIOLOGY › CARDIOVASCULAR PHYSIOLOGY
  • 829

On the rhythm of the heart of the frog, and on the nature of the action of the vagus nerve.

Phil. Trans., 173, 993-1033, 1882.

Croonian Lectures, 1881. Gaskell’s classical memoir on the muscles and nerves of the heart included a description of “Gaskell’s nerves”, the accelerator nerves of the heart. He showed that the motor impulses from the nerve ganglia in the sinus venosus influence the heart rhythm but do not originate cardiac movements, which are due to the rhythmic contraction of the heart muscle. This led to the artificial production of heart block, the name for which Gaskell based on an expression of Romanes. See No. 632.



Subjects: CARDIOLOGY › CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE › Arrythmias, CARDIOLOGY › CARDIOVASCULAR PHYSIOLOGY, Neurophysiology
  • 4565

The diseases of the spinal cord.

Edinburgh: Maclachlan & Stewart, 1882.


Subjects: NEUROLOGY › Diseases of the Nervous System, NEUROSCIENCE › NERVOUS SYSTEM › Spinal Cord
  • 881

Su di un nuovo elemento morfologico del sangue dei mammiferi e della sua importanza nella trombosi e nella coagulazione.

Osservatore, 17, 785-87; 18, 97-99, 1882.

Bizzozero gave the blood platelets their name and found that they play a part in blood coagulation. A German translation with additions is in Virchows Arch. path. Anat., 1882, 90, 261-332. The expanded German version was translated into English by Eugen A. Beck as On a new blood particle and its role in thrombosis and blood coagulation (Bern, 1982).



Subjects: HEMATOLOGY, HEMATOLOGY › Coagulation
  • 882

Mésure du volume de sang contenu dans l’organisme d’un mammifére vivant.

R. Acad. Sci. (Paris), 94, 1450-53-, 1882.

A method of determining blood volume with carbon monoxide.



Subjects: HEMATOLOGY, PHYSIOLOGY
  • 4677

Ein Krankheitssymptom der acuten Meningitis.

St. Petersb. med. Wschr., 7, 398, St. Petersburg, Russia, 1882.

Kernig drew attention to a flexor contracture of the leg on attempting to extend it on the thigh (“Kernig’s sign”), almost always present in cerebrospinal meningitis and an important diagnostic sign. A fuller description is in Z. klin. Med., 1907, 64, 19-69.



Subjects: INFECTIOUS DISEASE › Neuroinfectious Diseases › Meningitis, NEUROLOGY › Inflammatory Conditions › Cerebrospinal Meningitis
  • 1571

The experimental method in medical science.

New York: G. P. Putnam’s Sons, 1882.

Dalton, Professor of Physiology at the universities of Buffalo and Vermont, and the College of Physicians and Surgeons, New York, was the first American to devote his time exclusively to that subject. He was present at the first demonstration of ether as an anaesthetic, Oct 16,1846, and was quick to see its possibilities as a means of illustrating his lectures with experiments on living animals. As a result of the opposition to vivisection he published the above book. Digital facsimile from Google Books at this link.



Subjects: Medicine: General Works › Experimental Design › Vivisection / Antivivisection, PHYSIOLOGY › History of Physiology
  • 4782

De l’ataxie locomotrice d’origine syphilitique.

Paris: G. Masson, 1882.

Fournier advanced the doctrine of the syphilitic origin of tabes, a hypothesis which was opposed for a time.



Subjects: NEUROLOGY › Neurosyphilis
  • 702

Zur Chemie des Zellkerns.

Hoppe-Seyl. Z. physiol. Chem., 7, 7-22; 1886.10, 248-64; 22, 176-87., 18821883, 18961897.

Among the many important contributions of Kossel was his study of the chemistry of the cell and cell-nucleus. He was professor of physiology at Marburg and Heidelberg and was awarded the Nobel Prize for Physiology in 1910.



Subjects: BIOCHEMISTRY, BIOLOGY › MOLECULAR BIOLOGY › Nucleic Acids
  • 1679

Geschichte der epidemischen Krankheiten.

Jena: H. Dufft, 1882.

Forms vol. 3 of his Lehrbuch der Geschichte der Medizin und der epidemischen Krankheiten, 3te. Aufl.



Subjects: EPIDEMIOLOGY › History of Epidemiology
  • 2331

Die Aetiologie der Tuberkulose.

Berl. klin. Wschr., 19, 221-30, 1882.

Discovery of the tubercle bacillus announced March 24, 1882. This paper also contains a statement of “Koch’s postulates”. See also Nos. 2536 and 5167. Koch published a fuller account as "Die Aetiologie der Tuberkulose," Mitt. k. Gesundh. Amte,  2 (1884) 1-88, in which he reported how he had succeeded in producing experimental tuberculosis in animals after cultivating the bacillus. Historian of bacteriology Thomas Brock stated that the 1884 paper "announced what became known as Koch's postulates." Reprinted with translation in Med. Classics, 1938, 2, 821-80. Koch received the Nobel Prize in 1905.

In 2019 Juan Weiss pointed out that on p. 225 Koch published the first reference to the discovery of Agar, without crediting its discoverer, Walther Hesse, an assistant who worked in Koch's laboratory at the time.



Subjects: BACTERIOLOGY › BACTERIA (mostly pathogenic; sometimes indexed only to genus) › Gram-Negative or Gram-Positive Bacteria, BACTERIOLOGY › BACTERIA (mostly pathogenic; sometimes indexed only to genus) › Gram-Positive Bacteria › Mycobacterium › Mycobacterium tuberculosis, INFECTIOUS DISEASE › GENERAL PRINCIPLES of Infection by Microorganisms, INFECTIOUS DISEASE › Tuberculosis, MICROBIOLOGY
  • 2331.1

Zur Färbung des Tuberkelbacillus.

Dtsch. med. Wschr., 8, 451., 1882.

Ziehl-Neelsen stain.



Subjects: INFECTIOUS DISEASE › Tuberculosis
  • 2496

Ueber Erysipel.

Dtsch. Z. Chir., 16, 391-97, 1882.

Discovery of Strep pyogenes, infectious agent of scarlet fever and other streptococcal illnesses. Fehleisen cultured it from perierysipelas lesions on humans. English translation, 1886.



Subjects: BACTERIOLOGY › BACTERIA (mostly pathogenic; sometimes indexed only to genus) › Gram-Positive Bacteria › Streptococcus , MICROBIOLOGY
  • 2497

Sur les colorations bleue et verte des linges à pansements.

C. R. Acad. Sci. (Paris), 94, 536-38, 1882.

Isolation of Pseudomonas aeruginosa (Ps. pyocyanea).



Subjects: BACTERIOLOGY › BACTERIA (mostly pathogenic; sometimes indexed only to genus) › Gram-Negative Bacteria › Pseudomonas , MICROBIOLOGY
  • 2786

Ueber Fettherz.

Z. klin Med., 5, 1-25, 1882.

Fatty infiltration of the heart first described.



Subjects: CARDIOLOGY › CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE
  • 203.2

Crania ethnica. Les crânes des races humaines décrits et figurés d 'après les collections du Muséum d'Histoire Naturelle de Paris, de la Société d'Anthropologie de Paris et les principales collections de la France et de l'étranger par A. de Quatrefages et Ernest T. Hamy: Ouvrage accompagné de planches lithographiées d'après nature par H. Formant et illustré de nombreuses figures intercalées. 2 vols.

Paris: J.-B. Baillière, 1882.

Digital facsimile from the Bayerische StaatsBibliothek at this link.



Subjects: ANTHROPOLOGY › Craniology, ANTHROPOLOGY › Physical Anthropology, COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › France, EVOLUTION › Human Origins / Human Evolution, MUSEUMS › Medical, Anatomical & Pathological
  • 3126

Dell’anemia splenica.

Florence: suce. Le Monnier, 1882.

“Banti’s disease”. Banti described the pathological changes in the spleen in splenic anemia. A later paper in Sperimentale, 1894, 48, sez. biol., 407-32, gives an account of hepatic cirrhosis as the sequel of the earlier stage of splenic anemia; this sequel has been named “Banti’s syndrome”. A translation of this latter paper is in Medical Classics, 1937, 1, 901-27.



Subjects: HEMATOLOGY › Anemia & Chlorosis
  • 3127
  • 3769

De l’epithélioma primitif de la rate; hypertrophie idiopathique de la rate sans leucémie.

Paris: Octave Doin, 1882.

“Gaucher’s disease” – familial splenic anemia. Digital facsimile from wellcomecollection.org at this link.



Subjects: GENETICS / HEREDITY › HEREDITARY / CONGENITAL DISEASES OR DISORDERS › Inherited Metabolic Disorders
  • 3174

Ueber die Schizomyceten bei der acuten fibrösen Pneumonie.

Virchows Arch. path. Anat., 87, 319-24., 1882.

Isolation of Klebsiella pneumoniae (“Friedländer bacillus”), which Friedländer regarded as the causal organism in all cases of lobar pneumonia.



Subjects: BACTERIOLOGY › BACTERIA (mostly pathogenic; sometimes indexed only to genus) › Gram-Negative Bacteria › Klebsiella pneumoniae, INFECTIOUS DISEASE › Pneumonia, RESPIRATION › Respiratory Diseases
  • 3289

Deflection of the septum narium.

Trans. Amer. laryng. Ass., 4, 61-69, 1882.

Ingals devised the operation of partial excision of the septum for the correction of septum deflection.



Subjects: OTORHINOLARYNGOLOGY (Ear, Nose, Throat) › Rhinology
  • 3290

On photographing the larynx.

Trans. Amer. laryng. Ass., 4, 32-35, 1882.

French was the first to obtain good photographs of the larynx.



Subjects: IMAGING › Photography / Photomicrography , OTORHINOLARYNGOLOGY (Ear, Nose, Throat) › Laryngology
  • 3626

Ueber Fettnekrose, eine zuweilen tödliche Krankheit des Menschen.

Virchows Arch. path. Anat., 90, 520-35., 1882.

First description of pancreatic necrosis, “Balser’s fat necrosis”.



Subjects: HEPATOLOGY › Diseases of the Gallbladder, Biliary Tract, & Pancreas
  • 3627

Ein Fall von Exstirpation der Gallenblase wegen chronischer Cholelithiasis; Heilung.

Berl. klin. Wschr., 19, 725-27., Berlin, 1882.

First successful removal of the gallbladder.



Subjects: HEPATOLOGY › Diseases of the Gallbladder, Biliary Tract, & Pancreas, SURGERY: General
  • 3828

Accidents consécutifs à l’ablation totale du goitre.

Rev. méd. Suisse rom., 2, 539., 1882.

Reverdin produced myxedema by removal of the thyroid as a whole or in part. This confirmed the earlier work of Schiff, of which Reverdin had probably not heard. See also No. 3836.



Subjects: ENDOCRINOLOGY › Thyroid
  • 3225

A contribuzione della terapia chirurgica della tisi; ablazione de polmone? pneumotorace artificiale?

Gazz. Osp. Clin., 3, 537, 585, 601, 609, 617, 625, 641, 657, 665, 689, 705., 1882.

Forlanini first discussed the induction of artificial pneumothorax in the above papers; he applied it in 1888. For his report on its application, see Gazz. med. Torino, 1894, 45, 381, 401. English translation in Tubercle, 1934-35, 16, 61-87.



Subjects: PULMONOLOGY › Lung Diseases › Pulmonary Tuberculosis
  • 3022.1

Production artificielle d’insuffisances tricuspidienne mitrale et aortique, isolées ou combinées chez le chien.

C. R. Soc. Biol. (Paris), 7 sér., 4, 108-10, 1882.

Experimental valvulotomy. Translation in Amer. J. Cardiol.,1973, 32,993.



Subjects: CARDIOVASCULAR (Cardiac) SURGERY
  • 4080

Xeroderma pigmentosum.

Med. Jb. 619-33, 1882.

Excellent pathological study of this condition (“Kaposi’s disease”), which he first described in Virchow’s Handbuch der speziellen Pathologie und Therapie, 1876, 2, 182.



Subjects: DERMATOLOGY › Specific Dermatoses, PATHOLOGY
  • 4081

Ueber akutes umschriebenes Hautödem.

Mh. prakt. Derm., 1, 129-31, 1882.

Hereditary angioedema is also known as Quincke’s edema, from the latter’s excellent description of it, but he was preceded by several other writers, including Donati (No. 4011.2) and Milton (No. 4070). It is also called “Bannister’s disease”. English translation in No. 2241.



Subjects: GENETICS / HEREDITY › HEREDITARY / CONGENITAL DISEASES OR DISORDERS › Hereditary Angioedema
  • 3477

Intorno alla divulsione digitale del pilore; osservazione cliniche.

Mem. reale. Accad. Sci. Ist. Bologna, 4 ser., 4, 353-75, 1882.

First pyloroplasty, 1882. Abstract in English in Brit. med.J., 1885, 1, 372-74.



Subjects: GASTROENTEROLOGY › Esophagus: Stomach: Duodenum: Intestines, SURGERY: General › Upper Gastrointestinal Surgery
  • 3478

Przypadek chorobowo wzmoźonego wydzielania soku zoladkowego.

Gaz. Lek., 2 ser., 2, 516-22, 1882.

First description of gastrosuccorrhoea (“Reichmann’s disease”). German translation in Berl. klin. Wschr., 1882, 19, 606.



Subjects: GASTROENTEROLOGY › Esophagus: Stomach: Duodenum: Intestines
  • 4347

Einige Fälle von kunstlicher Ankylosenbildung an paralytischen Gliedmassen.

Wien. med. Presse, 23, 725-28, 1882.

Albert introduced the concept of joint arthrodesis into orthopedic surgery. This is the first description of arthrodesis of an ankle for paralytic foot. English translation in Bick, Classics of orthopaedics, 52-54.



Subjects: ORTHOPEDICS › Orthopedic Surgery & Treatments › Foot / Ankle, Podiatry
  • 4178

Die Albuminurie im gesunden und kranken Zustande.

Berlin: A. Hirschwald, 1882.


Subjects: UROLOGY
  • 5132

Pestilentia in nummis.

Tübingen: H. Laupp, 1882.

A study of medals and tokens relating to epidemics of plague and other infectious diseases.



Subjects: EPIDEMIOLOGY › History of Epidemiology, INFECTIOUS DISEASE › VECTOR-BORNE DISEASES › Flea-Borne Diseases › Plague (transmitted by fleas from rats to humans) › Plague, History of, Numismatics, Medical
  • 4426

Fractures of the metacarpal bones.

Dublin J. med. Sci., 73, 72-75, 1882.

“Bennett’s fracture” of the first metacarpal. He was Professor of Surgery at Trinity College, Dublin.



Subjects: ORTHOPEDICS › Orthopedic Surgery & Treatments › Fractures & Dislocations
  • 4219

Un caso di rene mobile fissato col mezzo dell’operazione cruenta.

Ann. Univ. Med. (Milano), 261, 281-86, 1882.

Important modification of Hahn’s operation of nephropexy.



Subjects: NEPHROLOGY › Renal Disease › Kidney Surgery
  • 5003

Chapters in the history of the insane in the British Isles.

London: Kegan Paul, 1882.


Subjects: PSYCHIATRY › History of Psychiatry
  • 5316

Spirillum fever.

London: J.& A. Churchill, 1882.

Asiatic relapsing fever; original work on this disease by Carter is remembered by the eponym “Carter’s fever” and the name Borrelia carteri. He reproduced the disease in the monkey.



Subjects: INFECTIOUS DISEASE › VECTOR-BORNE DISEASES › Lice-Borne Diseases › Relapsing Fever
  • 5921

Ein experimenteller Beitrag zur Pathogenese der sympathischen Augen-Entzündung.

v. Graefes Arch. ophthal., 28, 2 Abt., 291-300, 1882.

Deutschmann was the chief protagonist of the infective theory of sympathetic ophthalmia.



Subjects: INFECTIOUS DISEASE, OPHTHALMOLOGY
  • 5922

Neue Instrumente.

Zbl. prakt. Augenheilk, 6, 30-31, 1882.

Introduction of the keratoscope.



Subjects: INSTRUMENTS & TECHNOLOGIES, OPHTHALMOLOGY
  • 5618

Der Jodoform-Verband.

Samml. klin. Vortr., Leipzig, Nr. 211, (Chir., Nr. 68), 1811-64., 1882.

Introduction of iodoform dressing in surgery.



Subjects: SURGERY: General
  • 5677

Über Trimethylene.

Mh. Chem., 3, 625-35., 1882.

Cyclopropane (trimethylene) first prepared.



Subjects: ANESTHESIA
  • 5439

On gangrenous eruptions in connection with vaccination and chickenpox.

Med.-chir. Trans., 65, 1-12, 1882.

Original description of varicella gangrenosa.



Subjects: INFECTIOUS DISEASE › Chickenpox
  • 6076

A new operation for uterine displacements.

Glasg. med. J., 17, 437-46, 1882.

Adams devised an operation for retroversion of the uterus, similar to that performed by Alexander (No. 6077).



Subjects: OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › GYNECOLOGY
  • 6077

A new method of treating inveterate and troublesome displacements of the uterus.

Med. Times Gaz., 1, 327-28, 1882.

Alexander’s suspension operation for retroversion of the uterus, first performed by him in 1881.



Subjects: OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › GYNECOLOGY
  • 5204.1

Precis of operations performed in the wards of the first surgeon, Medical College Hospital, during the year 1881.

Indian med. Gaz., 17, 113-23, 1882.

MacLeod was first to draw attention to granuloma inguinale.



Subjects: COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › India, INFECTIOUS DISEASE › SEXUALLY TRANSMITTED DISEASES
  • 6241

Ueberein modificirtes Verfahren beim Kaiserschnitte.

Arch. Gynäk., 19, 177-209, 1882.

Kehrer improved the technique of the Caesarean operation.



Subjects: OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › OBSTETRICS › Caesarian Section
  • 6242

Der Kaiserschnitt bei Uterusfibromen nebst vergleichender Methodik der Sectio Caesarea und der Porro-Operation.

Leipzig: Wilhelm Engelmann, 1882.

“Sänger’s operation” – the so-called “classic Caesarean section”. A preliminary note is in Arch. Gynak., 1882, 19, 370.



Subjects: OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › OBSTETRICS › Caesarian Section
  • 6284

Labor among primitive peoples.

St. Louis, MO: J. H. Chambers & Co, 1882.

Third edition, revised, 1884.



Subjects: ANTHROPOLOGY › Medical Anthropology, OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › OBSTETRICS › History of Obstetrics
  • 4082
  • 4566

Ueber die multiplen Fibrome der Haut und ihre Beziehung zu den multiplen Neuromen

Berlin: August Hirschwald, 1882.

One of Virchow’s distinguished pupils, von Recklinghausen gave a classic description of neurofibromatosis, adding much to the knowledge of the condition, which later became known as “Recklinghausen’s disease”. The article first appeared as a contribution to the Virchow Festschrift, also published in 1882. See No. 4566.



Subjects: DERMATOLOGY › Specific Dermatoses, NEUROLOGY › Diseases of the Nervous System, NEUROLOGY › Diseases of the Nervous System › Neurofibromatosis
  • 6283

The Chamberlens and the midwifery forceps.

London: J. & A. Churchill, 1882.


Subjects: INSTRUMENTS & TECHNOLOGIES › History of Biomedical Instrumentation, INSTRUMENTS & TECHNOLOGIES › Medical Instruments › Forceps, OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › OBSTETRICS › History of Obstetrics
  • 9506

Opium-smoking in America and China: A study of its prevalence, and effects, immediate and remote, on the individual and the nation.

New York: G. P. Putnam’s Sons, 1882.

The author claims (p. 1) that "the first white man who smoked opium in America is said to have been a sporting character named Clendenyn. The second—induced to try it by the first—smoked in 1871." Digital facsimile from the Internet Archive at this link.



Subjects: COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › China, People's Republic of, COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › United States (See also state listings under U.S.), PHARMACOLOGY › PHARMACEUTICALS › Botanic Sources of Single Component Drugs › Opium, PUBLIC HEALTH, TOXICOLOGY › Drug Addiction
  • 11160

De l’homicide commis par les enfants.

Paris: Asselin & Cie, 1882.

Digital facsimile from BnFgallica at this link.



Subjects: Forensic Medicine (Legal Medicine), PSYCHIATRY › Child Psychiatry
  • 11351

Studies in pathological anatomy. Vol. 1. Plates I. - XCIII. (All Published).

New York: William Wood & Company, 1882.

Delafield's work includes striking microscopic illustrations as well as explanatory text. Digital facsimile from Google Books at this link.



Subjects: PATHOLOGY, PATHOLOGY › Pathology Illustration
  • 11683

Manuel de vivisections.

Paris: J.-B. Baillière et fils, 1882.

Extensively illustrated study of methods of conducting experiments involving vivisection.



Subjects: Medicine: General Works › Experimental Design › Vivisection / Antivivisection
  • 11737

"A study of the malformations, variations, and anomalies of the circulatory apparatus in man," with a brief consideration of some of the principles governing their production.

Ann. Anat. Surg., 6, 206-215, 255-264; 7, 13-22, 91-95, 146-154, 18821883.

A pioneering study of the embryology of the cardiovascular system and its relationship to congenital heart disease.



Subjects: CARDIOLOGY › Congenital Heart Defects, EMBRYOLOGY, GENETICS / HEREDITY › HEREDITARY / CONGENITAL DISEASES OR DISORDERS › Congenital Heart Defects
  • 12200

Sorani gynaeciorum vetus translatio Latina. Nunc primum edita cum additis Graeci textus reliquiis a Dietzio repertis atque ad ipsum codicem Parisiensem nunc recognitis a Valentino Rose.

Leipzig: B. G. Teubner, 1882.

Digital facsimile from the Internet Archive at this link.



Subjects: ANCIENT MEDICINE › Roman Empire, OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › GYNECOLOGY
  • 12264

Observations on the mean pressure and the characters of the pulse wave in the coronary arteries of the heart.

Stud. Biol. Lab. Johns Hopk. Univ., 2, 315-326, 1882.


Subjects: CARDIOLOGY › CARDIOVASCULAR PHYSIOLOGY
  • 13006

Botanicon sinicum: Notes on Chinese botany from native and western sources. 3 parts.

London: Trübner & Co. & Kelly & Walsh, 18821895.

Part 1 was first published in the Journal of the North-China Branch of the Royal Asiatic Society, XVI (1881). Part 2 was published in the Journal of the China Branch of the Royal Asiatic Society for 1890-91, XXV (1893). Part 3 was also published in the Journal of the China Branch of the Royal Asiatic Society for 1894-95, XXIX, 1895.
Digital facsimiles of all three parts from Biodiversity Heritage Library at this link.



Subjects: BOTANY, COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › China, People's Republic of
  • 13120

Hygiène professionnelle. Le compositeur typographe.

Paris: Andrien Delahaye et Émile Lecrosnier, 1882.

A 21-page pamphlet of the diseases and hygiene of typographers; chiefly diseases related to their exposure to lead through their hands and breathing in of of lead particles in the air as a result of poor ventilation.

Digital facsimile from BnFgallica at this link.



Subjects: OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH & MEDICINE
  • 4471

Amputation du membre supérieur dans la contiguïté du tronc (désarticulation de l’omoplate).

Bull. Soc. Chir. 9, 656, Paris, 1883.

“Berger’s operation”, interscapulothoracic amputation. See also his monograph, Paris, Masson, 1887.



Subjects: ORTHOPEDICS › Orthopedic Surgery & Treatments › Amputations: Excisions: Resections
  • 343

Lehrbuch der vergleichenden Anatomie der Wirbelthiere.

Jena: Gustav Fischer, 1883.

English translation, London, 1886. Digital facsimile of the 1883 edition from the Biodiversity Heritage Library, Internet Archive, at this link.



Subjects: COMPARATIVE ANATOMY
  • 830

On the innervation of the heart, with special reference to the heart of the tortoise.

J. Physiol. (Lond.), 4, 43-127, 18831884.

Gaskell showed that the efferent vasoconstrictor fibers of the heart originated from the lateral horn of the spinal cord.



Subjects: CARDIOLOGY › CARDIOVASCULAR PHYSIOLOGY, NEUROSCIENCE › Neurophysiology, Neuroanatomy
  • 831

On the electrical phemomena of the excitatory process in the heart of the frog and of the tortoise, as investigated photographically.

J. Physiol. (Lond.), 4, 327-38, 18831884.

See No. 824. This paper contains several tracings of the heart's electrical activity recorded with a capillary electrometer, the earliest graphic recorder of bioelectric signals. These were the "first undistorted tracings of the electrical activity of the heart" (Burch & Depasquale, A history of electrocardiography, 1990, 102).



Subjects: CARDIOLOGY › CARDIOVASCULAR PHYSIOLOGY › Cardiac Electrophysiology, IMAGING › Photography / Photomicrography
  • 832

The direct influence of gradual variations of temperature upon the rate of beat of the dog’s heart.

Phil. Trans., 174, 663-88, 1883.

Martin was among the first to study the effect of temperature changes upon the isolated heart.



Subjects: CARDIOLOGY › CARDIOVASCULAR PHYSIOLOGY
  • 1015

Der Schluckmechanismus, seine Erregung und seine Hemmung.

Arch. Anat. Physiol., Physiol. Abt., Suppl.-Bd., 328-62, 1883.

An experimental study, by means of a balloon, of swallowing and of oesophageal contractions.



Subjects: GASTROENTEROLOGY › Anatomy & Physiology of Digestion
  • 1016

Ueber die nächsten Spaltungsproducte der Eiweisskörper.

Z. Biol., 19, 159-208, 1883.

Kühne and Chittenden isolated and named several new substances during their investigation of the products of digestion. See also the same journal, 1884, 20, 11-51; 1886, 22, 409-58; 1889, 25, 358-67.



Subjects: GASTROENTEROLOGY › Anatomy & Physiology of Digestion
  • 703

Enny Methode til kvaelstofbestemmelse i organiske Stoffer.

Medd. Carlsberg Lab. (Kbh.), 2, 1-27., 1883.

Kjeldahl, a Danish chemist, devised a method of determining the amount of nitrogen in an organic compound (“Kjeldahl’s method”). A German translation is in Z. anal. Chem., 1883, 22, 366-82.



Subjects: BIOCHEMISTRY
  • 4702

Ueber eine dem Bilde der cerebrospinalen grauen Degeneration ähnliche Erkrankung des centralen Nervensystems ohne anatomischen Befund, nebst einigen Bemerkungen über paradoxe Contraction.

Arch. Psychiat. Nervenkr., 14, 87-134, 1883.

“Westphal’s pseudosclerosis”. Later Strümpell’s description of this condition (No. 4709) led to the eponym “Westphal–Strumpell disease”.



Subjects: NEUROLOGY › Degenerative Disorders
  • 4701

De la parésie analgésique à panaris des extrémités supérieures ou paréso-analgésie des extrémités supérieures.

Gaz. hebd. Méd., n.s. 20, 580-83, 590-94, 624-26, 721-22, 1883.

First description of “Morvan’s disease” – a form of syringomyelia.



Subjects: NEUROLOGY › Degenerative Disorders
  • 502.1

Récherches sur la maturation de l’oeuf, la fécondation et la division cellulaire.

Arch. de Biol., 4, 265-640, 1883.

This work extended Hertwig’s work on fertilization (No. 495) down to the level of chromosomes, which were clearly visible in Ascaris after the sperm and egg united.



Subjects: EMBRYOLOGY, PARASITOLOGY › Helminths › Parasitic Worms › Ascaris
  • 503

Untersuchungen über Bastardirung der anuren Batrachier und die Principien der Zeugung.

Pflüg. Arch. ges. Physiol., 32, 519-41., 1883.

Pflüger was one of the earliest workers in the field of experimental embryology. Above, his first work on the subject, deals with the cross fertilization of different species of frog.



Subjects: EMBRYOLOGY
  • 1622

Die Hygiene des Auges in den Schulen.

Vienna & Leipzig: Urban & Schwarzenberg, 1883.

Cohn did much to promote school hygiene. He advocated regular examination of the eyes of school children, an idea which was put into practice in 1885. An English translation of the book appeared in 1886.



Subjects: Hygiene, OPHTHALMOLOGY , PUBLIC HEALTH
  • 1648

Medical economy during the Middle Ages; a contribution to the history of European morals, from the time of the Roman Empire to the close of the 14th century.

New York: J. W. Bouton, 1883.


Subjects: MEDIEVAL MEDICINE › History of Medieval Medicine, PUBLIC HEALTH › History of Public Health
  • 1279

On the influence of the galvanic current on the excitability of the motor nerves of man.

Phil. Trans., (1882), 173, 961-91, 1883.


Subjects: NEUROSCIENCE › NERVOUS SYSTEM › Peripheral Nerves / Nerve Impulses, PHYSIOLOGY › Electrophysiology
  • 1874

The extra pharmacopoeia of unofficial drugs … With references to their use abstracted from the medical journals by W. Wynn Westcott.

London: H. K. Lewis, 1883.

29th edition, 1989.



Subjects: PHARMACOLOGY › Pharmacopeias
  • 1875

Grundriss der Arzneimittellehre.

Leipzig: F. C. W. Vogel, 1883.

Schmiedeberg, leading German pharmacologist, was professor at Dorpat and Strasburg. Among his many valuable investigations may be mentioned his study of the effect of drugs on the circulation.



Subjects: CARDIOLOGY, CARDIOLOGY › CARDIOVASCULAR PHYSIOLOGY, PHARMACOLOGY
  • 2454

Die thierischen Parasiten des Menschen.

Würzburg: A. Stuber, 1883.


Subjects: PARASITOLOGY
  • 2455

The Filaria sanguinis hominis and certain new form of parasitic disease in India, China and warm countries.

London: H. K. Lewis, 1883.

A collection of several papers written by Manson.



Subjects: COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › China, People's Republic of, COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › India, PARASITOLOGY › Helminths › Parasitic Worms › Filaria, TROPICAL Medicine
  • 2331.2

Ein casuistischer Beitrag zur Lehre von der Tuberkulose.

Zbl. med. Wiss., 21, 497-501., 1883.

Includes (p. 500) details of his stain for the tubercle bacillus (see No. 2331.1).



Subjects: INFECTIOUS DISEASE › Tuberculosis
  • 2498

Sur une forme de tuberculose sans bacilles.

C. R. Soc. Biol., 7 sér., 5, 338-41, 1883.

Isolation of Pasteurella pseudotuberculosis.



Subjects: BACTERIOLOGY › BACTERIA (mostly pathogenic; sometimes indexed only to genus) › Gram-Negative Bacteria › Pasteurella, VETERINARY MEDICINE
  • 2788

Traité clinique des maladies du coeur et de la crosse de l’aorte.

Paris: J.-B. Baillière, 1883.


Subjects: CARDIOLOGY › CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE
  • 2789

Diagnostic et traitement des maladies du coeur.

Paris: Asselin & Cie, 1883.

English translation, 1884.



Subjects: CARDIOLOGY › CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE
  • 2229
  • 4349

Lehrbuch der speciellen Pathologie und Therapie der inneren Krankheiten. 2 vols.

Leipzig: F. C. W. Vogel, 18831884.

Strümpell gave an excellent description of ankylosing spondylitis (“Strümpell’s disease”, the “spondylose rhizomélique” of Pierre Marie, No. 4368) on p. 152 of his Lehrbuch. See No. 2229. He published an important paper on the subject in Dtsch. Z. Nervenheilk., 1897, 11, 338-42, which was translated into English in Bick, Classics of orthopaedics, 345-47. More than 30 editions of this book appeared, many translated into other languages. English translation in 1887.



Subjects: GENETICS / HEREDITY › HEREDITARY / CONGENITAL DISEASES OR DISORDERS › Congenital Rheumatologic Diseases › Ankylosing Spondylitis, ORTHOPEDICS › Diseases of or Injuries to Bones, Joints & Skeleton, RHEUMATOLOGY
  • 3720

On cases described as “acute rickets” which are probably a combination of scurvy and rickets, the scurvy being an essential, and the rickets a variable, element.

Med.-chir. Trans., 66, 159-219., 1883.

Classic description of infantile scurvy (“Barlow’s disease”), which includes the pathology of the condition. See also his earlier paper in Trans. int. med. Congr., 1881, 4, 116-28. Reprinted, but without the coloured lithographs and detailed list of cases included in the original, in Arch. Dis. Childh., 1935, 10, 223-52.



Subjects: NUTRITION / DIET › Deficiency Diseases › Rickets, NUTRITION / DIET › Deficiency Diseases › Scurvy
  • 3827

Ueber Kropfexstirpation und ihre Folgen.

Arch. klin. Chir., 29, 254-337., 1883.

Kocher coined the term “cachexia strumipriva” to describe the myxedema following total extirpation of the thyroid. His work on the subject led to a better understanding of the cause of myxedema.



Subjects: ENDOCRINOLOGY › Thyroid
  • 3829

Note sur vingt-deux opérations de goitre.

Rev. méd. Suisse rom., 3, 169-98, 233-78, 309-64., 1883.


Subjects: ENDOCRINOLOGY › Thyroid
  • 3830

Sur la nature et sur quelques-uns des symptomes de la maladie de Basedow.

Arch. Neurol. (Paris), 6, 79-85., Paris, 1883.

The fourth cardinal sign in exophthalmic goitre – tremor – was first mentioned by Pierre Marie.



Subjects: ENDOCRINOLOGY › Thyroid
  • 3831

A typical case of myxoedema.

Brit. med. J., 2, 1072., 1883.

Semon argued that cachexia strumipriva, myxedema, and cretinism were all due to loss of function of the thyroid. His contention, at first criticized, was later fully endorsed by the report of a committee set up by the Clinical Society of London to investigate the subject of myxoedema.



Subjects: ENDOCRINOLOGY › Thyroid
  • 3832

Ueber die Entwickelung und den Bau des Kropfes.

Arch. klin. Chir., 29, 1-97., 1883.

Important classification of thyroid tumors; fetal adenoma is described on p. 40.



Subjects: ENDOCRINOLOGY › Thyroid
  • 3945

Ueber die Ursachen der pathologischen Ammoniakausscheidung beim Diabetes mellitus und des Coma diabeticum.

Arch. exp. Path. Pharmak., 17, 419-44., 1883.

Stadelmann studied ammonia excretion in diabetes and noted an acid substance in the urine, which Minkowski (No. 3947) showed to be ß-oxybutyric acid. Stadelmann recognized that diabetic coma was the result of the increased formation and accumulation of acids.



Subjects: Metabolism & Metabolic Disorders › Diabetes
  • 4348

Contributions to surgery and medicine. 8 pts.

London: H. K. Lewis, 18831890.

Thomas was the veritable founder of modern orthopedics in the British Isles. The conservative methods introduced by him were developed by Sir Robert Jones. Thomas is remembered eponymically by the “Thomas splint”.



Subjects: ORTHOPEDICS , ORTHOPEDICS › Orthopedic Devices, Podiatry
  • 5055

Ueber Diphtherie.

Verh. Congr. inn. Med., 2, 139-54, 1883.

First account of Corynebacterium diphtheriae (Klebs–Loeffler bacillus), causal organism in diphtheria, discovered by Klebs.



Subjects: BACTERIOLOGY › BACTERIA (mostly pathogenic; sometimes indexed only to genus) › Gram-Positive Bacteria › Corynebacterium diphtheriae, INFECTIOUS DISEASE › Diphtheria
  • 4941

Compendium der Psychiatrie.

Leipzig: A. Abel, 1883.

Later editions of this book were called Lehrbuch. The sixth edition is notable in that in it manic-depressive psychoses were first mentioned as such. Ninth edition in 1927. Kraepelin, Professor of Psychiatry successively at Dorpat, Heidelberg, and Munich, was one of the greatest of all psychiatrists and a pioneer of experimental psychiatry.



Subjects: PSYCHIATRY
  • 5331

Fièvre bilieuse ou hépatique.

Gaz. Hôp. (Paris), 56, 809-10, 913-14, Paris, 1883.

An early account of “Weil’s disease”, Leptospirosis icterohaemorrhagica.



Subjects: INFECTIOUS DISEASE › Leptospiroses
  • 5774

La maladie kystique des mamelles.

Bull Soc. Anat. Paris, 58, 428-33, 1883.

“Reclus’s disease”. Reclus was professor of surgery in Paris; he left a classic description of chronic cystic mastitis.



Subjects: SURGERY: General › Diseases of the Breast
  • 5923

Bericht über die Thätigkeit der deutschen Cholerakommission in Aegypten und Ostindien.

Wien. med. Wschr., 33, 1548-51, 1883.

Koch–Weeks bacillus, Hemophilus conjunctivitidis, or Hemophilus aegyptius. Koch discovered the bacilli of two varieties of Egyptian conjunctivitis. See also No. 5930.



Subjects: BACTERIOLOGY › BACTERIA (mostly pathogenic; sometimes indexed only to genus) › Gram-Negative Bacteria › Haemophilus, COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › Egypt, OPHTHALMOLOGY › Diseases of the Eye › Conjunctivitis, TROPICAL Medicine
  • 5796

Die chirurgischen Klassiker Deutschlands. 2 vols.

Leipzig: C.L. Hirschfeld, 18831885.


Subjects: COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › Germany, SURGERY: General › History of Surgery
  • 5637

Anleitung zur Technik antiseptischen Wundbehandlung und des Dauerverbandes.

Kiel: Lipsius & Tischer, 1883.

The first attempts at asepsis were made by Neuber. Digital facsimile from the Internet Archive at this link.



Subjects: SURGERY: General › Antisepsis / Asepsis
  • 6452

Folk-medicine; a chapter in the history of culture.

London: E. Stock, 1883.

Folk-Lore Society Publication No. 12. Digital facsimile from the Internet Archive at this link.



Subjects: TRADITIONAL, Folk or Indigenous Medicine
  • 5237

Insects and disease - mosquitoes and malaria.

Pop. Sci. Monthly, (N. Y.), 23, 644-58, 1883.

The first reasoned argument in support of the belief of transmission of malaria by mosquitoes. King was an English-born American physician who witnessed the assassination of Abraham Lincoln in April, 1865, and as a bystander physician he was pressed into service during the assassination. He was also one of a few physicians who served in both the Confederate States Army and the United States Army during the American Civil War. Reproduced in part in Major, Classic descriptions of disease, 3rd ed., 1945, p. 104. Full text  of King's 1883 paper from Wikisource at this link.



Subjects: INFECTIOUS DISEASE › VECTOR-BORNE DISEASES › Mosquito-Borne Diseases › Malaria
  • 229

Überdie Bedeutungder Kerntheilungsfiguren.

Leipzig: F. Engelmann, 1883.

Roux investigated why the nucleus undergoes the precise division of mitosis while the rest of the cell undergoes a rather crude division when one cell splits into two. He argued that mitosis ensures a precise halving of the nucleus, suggesting that the nucleus contains the material basis of heredity.



Subjects: BIOLOGY › Cell Biology, BIOLOGY › Developmental Biology, GENETICS / HEREDITY
  • 230

Inquiries into human faculty and its development.

London: Macmillan, 1883.

Galton, cousin of Charles Darwin, founded the science of Eugenics. In his important Inquiries he showed mathematically “the results of his experiments on the relations between the powers of visual imagery and of abstract thought, of the associations between the elements of different sense departments, of the correlation of mental traits, the associations of words, and the times taken in making the associations” (T. K. Penniman). The word “eugenics” first appears in the above book.



Subjects: COMPUTING/MATHEMATICS in Medicine & Biology, GENETICS / HEREDITY, GENETICS / HEREDITY › Eugenics, PSYCHOLOGY
  • 6390

Medical essays: 1842-1882.

Boston, MA: Houghton Mifflin, 1883.

“The most important American book dealing with the history of medicine up to its day” (Garrison). Among the essays Holmes chose to include were his works on homeopathy, puerperal fever, and his address at the dedication of the Boston Medical Library. Digital facsimile from Google Books at this link.



Subjects: History of Medicine: General Works
  • 4566.1

Contribution to the study of spina bifida, encephalocele, and anencephalus.

J. Anat. Physiol. (London), 17, 257-91, 1883.

Early description of the Arnold–Chiari malformation (see Nos. 4577.1, 4581.1).



Subjects: NEUROLOGY › Diseases of the Nervous System
  • 7816

An Alphabetical list of the battles of the War of the Rebellion: with dates, from Ft. Sumter, S.C., April 12 and 13, 1861, to Kirby Smith's surrender, May 26, 1865. Compiled from the official records of the office of the Adjutant-General and the Surgeon-General, U.SA. by J. W. Wells and N. A. Strait, Revised by Newton A. Strait, with the addition of many incidents of the war, giving the number killed, wounded and missing in each of the important battles, Union troops engaged, names of the Generals killed and wounded in both armies; also the total number of enlistments, number discharged, number wounded, number missing, number of deaths, number killed in battle....And a roster of all the regimental surgeons and assistant surgeons of the late war and hospital service.

Washington, DC: G. M. van Buren, Publisher, 1883.

This was the most complete edition; prior editions were issued in 1875 and 1882. In 1990 Norman Publishing of San Francisco reprinted the 1883 edition with a new index to surgeons and an introduction by Ira M. Rutkow. Digital facsimile of the 1883 edition from the Internet Archive at this link.



Subjects: American (U.S.) CIVIL WAR MEDICINE, MILITARY MEDICINE & HYGIENE
  • 7945

Mental evolution in animals. With a posthumous essay on instinct by Charles Darwin.

London: Kegan Paul, Trench & Co., 1883.

Includes the first editon of Darwin's most significant contribution to psychology. This was part of Chapter 10 of Darwin's unpublished "big book" on the origin of species. Romanes attempted, with Darwin, to develop a theory of mental evolution in which development of successively higher stages of intelligence, including that of man, could be explained in terms of natural, historical causes. Digital facsimile from the Biodiversity Heritage Library at this link.



Subjects: EVOLUTION, PSYCHOLOGY, ZOOLOGY
  • 8133

Medical ethics and etiquette. The code of ethics adopted by the American Medical Association, with commentaries by Austin Flint.

New York: D. Appleton and Company, 1883.

Digital facsimile from the Internet Archive at this link.



Subjects: Ethics, Biomedical, Societies and Associations, Medical
  • 8176

Upon the electrical experiments to determine the location of the bullet in the body of the late President Garfield; and upon a successful form of induction balance for the painless detection of metallic masses in the human body.

Proc. Am. Assoc. Adv. Sci., 31st Meeting, 151-205, 1883.

Digital facsimile from Google Books at this link.



Subjects: Electrodiagnosis, Forensic Medicine (Legal Medicine), INSTRUMENTS & TECHNOLOGIES
  • 8378

Handbook of geographical and historical pathology. Translated from the second German edition by Charles Creighton. Vol. 1.-Acute infective diseases. Vol. 2.-Chronic infective, toxic, parasitic, septic and constitutional diseases. Vol. 3.-Diseases of organs and parts.

London: New Sydenham Society, 18831886.

This is the best edition of Hirsch's Handbuch. Digital facsimiles of all 3 vols. from the Internet Archive at this link.



Subjects: Bioclimatology, EPIDEMIOLOGY, Geography of Disease / Health Geography, INFECTIOUS DISEASE, PARASITOLOGY
  • 10739

Hospital construction and management.

London: J. & A. Churchill, 1883.

Digital facsimile from the Hathi Trust at this link.



Subjects: HOSPITALS
  • 12050

Notes from sick rooms.

London: Smith, Elder, 1883.

The author "was a celebrated Englishwoman, noted for her beauty as a Pre-Raphaelite model and philanthropist. She was the wife of the biographer Leslie Stephen and mother of Virginia Woolf and Vanessa Bell, members of the Bloomsbury Group."

Regarding this work the extraordinarily comprehensive Wikipedia article on Julia Stephen commented when I accessed it in 3-2020, "In addition to her tireless contributions to running the Stephen household, and attending to the needs of her relatives, she worked to support friends and supplicants. She had a strong sense of social justice, travelling around London by bus, nursing the sick in hospitals and workhouses. She would later write about her nursing experience in her Notes from Sick Rooms (1883).[169] This is a discussion of good nursing practices, demonstrating fine attention to detail. A notable passage is her description of the misery caused by bread crumbs in the bed.[170] "

Digital facsimile from the Internet Archive at this link.

 



Subjects: HOSPITALS
  • 12752

Sexual impotence in the male.

New York: Bermingham, 1883.

One of the earliest serious medical studies of the subject from the anatomical, physiological, emotional, and psychological points of view. In the second edition (1887) retitled Sexual impotence in the male and female, the author added almost 50 pages on women's issues covering anatomical, physiological, and psychological reasons for absence of sexual desire in women.
Digital facsimile of the first edition from wellcomecollection.org at this link; of the 1887 edition from the Internet Archive at this link.



Subjects: SEXUALITY / Sexology, SEXUALITY / Sexology › Impotence, UROLOGY
  • 12967

De la couveuse pour enfants. Part 5: Description d'une nouvelle couveuse.

Arch. de Tocologie...., 14, 577-609, 1883.

Auvert described a new and improved closed incubator inspired by a bird/poultry incubator that Tarnier saw at a Paris zoo, and had adapted for human babies by the bird incubator's inventor, Dr. Martin.  Tarnier used that successfully at the Paris Maternité hospital in 1881, and then, with his intern, Dr. Auvard, built a new model superior at regulating and maintaining the babies's temperature. Use of the incubator caused a 50% reduction in mortality. The portion of this extensive French paper in which Auvard described the incubator was translated into English by Egbert Grandin and published as "The incubator for infants," American Journal of Obstetrics and Diseases of Women and Children, 17 (1884) 421-424.  The translation, which includes detailed drawings of the incubator, is available from the Hathi Trust at this link. The French text of the 1883 paper is available from neonatology.org at this link.

(Thanks to Juan Weiss for this reference and its interpretation.)



Subjects: PEDIATRICS › Neonatology
  • 13111

Hints in sickness: Where to go and what to do.

London: Kegan Paul, Trench, Trübner & Co, 1883.

Digital facsimile from Google Books at this link.



Subjects: Emergency Medicine, Household or Self-Help Medicine
  • 555

Untersuchungen zur Morphologie und Physiologie der Zelle.

Jena: Gustav Fischer, 18841890.


Subjects: BIOLOGY › Cell Biology
  • 4567

Ueber periodisch wiederkehrende Oculomotoriuslähmung.

Berl. klin. Wschr., 21, 604-08, Berlin, 1884.

“Möbius’s disease” – ophthalmoplegic migraine.



Subjects: NEUROLOGY › Chronic Pain › Headache › Migraine, OPHTHALMOLOGY › Neuro-ophthalmology
  • 4625

Considérations sur l’agraphie à propos d’une observation nouvelle d’agraphie motrice pure.

Rev. Médecine, 4, 855-73, 1884.

Classic account of agraphia.



Subjects: NEUROLOGY › Aphasia, Agraphia, Agnosia
  • 4642

Fièvre zoster etexanthèmes zosteriformes.

J. Conn. Méd. prat. Pharm., 3 sér., 6, 19, 26, 37, 44, 52, 1884.

Landouzy first suggested the infective nature of herpes.



Subjects: DERMATOLOGY › Specific Dermatoses › Herpes Zoster (Shingles), INFECTIOUS DISEASE › Herpes › Herpes Zoster (Shingles), NEUROLOGY › Inflammatory Conditions, VIROLOGY › VIRUSES (by Family) › Herpesviridae › Varicella zoster virus
  • 704

Ueber eine neue linksdrehende Säure (Pseudooxybuttersäure).

Z. Biol, 20, 165-78; 23, 329-39., 1884, 1887.

Isolation of (ß-oxybutyric acid. (Title of second paper: Beiträge zur Kenntniss der activen ß-Oxybuttersäure).



Subjects: BIOCHEMISTRY
  • 426

Observations on the relation of the principal fissures and convolutions of the cerebrum to the outer surface of the scalp.

Lancet, 2, 539-40., London, 1884.

Reid’s base line – the anthropometric base line on the skull.



Subjects: ANATOMY › 19th Century, ANTHROPOLOGY › Anthropometry
  • 1111

Ueber den lymphatischenApparat des Pharynx.

Dtsch. med. Wschr., 10, 313, 1884.

“Waldeyer’s tonsillar ring”, the lymphoid ring of the nasopharynx.



Subjects: ANATOMY › 19th Century, OTORHINOLARYNGOLOGY (Ear, Nose, Throat) › Laryngology
  • 1128

On the function of the Thyroid gland.

Proc. roy. Soc. (Lond.), 38, 5-7; 40, 6-9., 18841885, 1886.

From his experimental work Horsley produced evidence to support the view that myxoedema, cretinism and operative cachexia strumpriva are all due to thyroid deficiency.



Subjects: Ductless Glands: Internal Secretion › Thyroid, Parathyroids
  • 1572

Doctrines of the circulation.

Philadelphia: H. C. Lea’s Son & Co., 1884.


Subjects: CARDIOLOGY › History of Cardiology, PHYSIOLOGY › History of Physiology
  • 4747

Ueber die juvenile Form der progressiven Muskelatrophie und ihre Beziehungen zur sogenannten Pseudohypertrophie der Muskeln.

Dtsch. Arch. klin. Med., 34, 467-519, 1884.

Progressive muscular dystrophy (“Erb’s muscular atrophy”). Erb did much to establish the modern conception of the muscular dystrophies.



Subjects: NEUROLOGY › Child Neurology, NEUROLOGY › Myopathies, PEDIATRICS
  • 784

Das Venensystem des menschlichen Körpers. 2 pts. and atlas.

Leipzig: Veit & Co., 18841889.

Like Braune’s other anatomical works, this is notable for its excellent illustrations.



Subjects: ANATOMY › 19th Century, ANATOMY › Anatomical Illustration, CARDIOLOGY › CARDIOVASCULAR PHYSIOLOGY › Anatomy of the Heart & Circulatory System
  • 1623

London water supply, including a history and description of the London waterworks.

London: William Clowes, 1884.


Subjects: PUBLIC HEALTH, PUBLIC HEALTH › History of Public Health
  • 1624

Die Canalisation von Berlin.

Berlin: Ernst u. Korn, 1884.

Hobrecht was responsible for the construction of the Berlin sewers.



Subjects: PUBLIC HEALTH
  • 1415

The relation of the nervous system to the temperature of the body.

J. nerv. ment. Dis., 11, 141-52., 1884.

Ott studied the nervous regulation of body temperature. His papers on the heat-center in the brain and on the thermoinhibitory apparatus were published in the same journal, 1887, 14, 150-62, 428-38; 1888, 15, 85-104.



Subjects: NEUROSCIENCE › NERVOUS SYSTEM › Brain, including Medulla: Cerebrospinal Fluid
  • 1415.1

A treatise on the chemical constitution of the brain.

London: Baillière, Tindall & Cox, 1884.

Thudichum, a German emigré, discovered cephalins and myelins in brain tissue. An enlarged German edition of his book was published at Tübingen, 1901. See biography by D. L. Drabkin, 1958, which includes an annotated bibliography of Thudichum’s writings. Reprint of the original work, with historical introduction by Drabkin, 1962.



Subjects: BIOCHEMISTRY, NEUROSCIENCE › NERVOUS SYSTEM › Brain, including Medulla: Cerebrospinal Fluid
  • 1280

Wie rasch ermüdet der Nerv?

Zbl. med. Wiss., 22, 65-68, 1884.

Although Bernstein considered that nerve could be exhausted, Vvedenskii was able, in this paper, to show that such is not the case. Further proof was supplied by Bowditch (No. 1281). Digital facsimile of Vvedenskii's paper from Google Books at this link.



Subjects: NEUROSCIENCE › NERVOUS SYSTEM › Peripheral Nerves / Nerve Impulses
  • 1468

Experimentelle Beiträge zur Lösung der Frage über die specifische Energieder Hautnerven

Z. Biol., 20, 141-56; 21, 145-60, 1884, 1885.

Besides his investigation of the specific energies of cutaneous nerves, Blix is remembered for his work on the thermodynamics of muscular contraction; he designed a muscle indicator diagram; he was also the first to suggest centrifugal force in the separation of red and white blood cells.



Subjects: HEMATOLOGY, Neurophysiology, PHYSIOLOGY › Biophysics
  • 1469

Die spezifische Energie der Temperaturnerven.

Mh. prakt. Derm., 3, 198-208, 225-41., 1884.


Subjects: Neurophysiology
  • 1877

Recherches cliniques et physiologiques sur la paraldéhyde.

Arch. ital. Biol. 6, 113-34, 1884.

Introduction of paraldehyde into therapeutics as a narcotic.



Subjects: PHARMACOLOGY › PHARMACEUTICALS
  • 1878

Ueber das Antipyrin, ein neues Antipyreticum.

Z. klin. Med. 7, 641-42, 1884.

Introduction of antipyrine.



Subjects: PHARMACOLOGY › PHARMACEUTICALS
  • 1879

Eine neue Form medicamentöser Einverleibung.

Fortschr. Med. 2, 507-09, 1884.

Unna introduced specially coated pills for local absorption in the intestine.



Subjects: PHARMACOLOGY › PHARMACEUTICALS
  • 1880

Vorlesungen über Pharmakologie.

Berlin: A. Hirschwald, 18841886.

Includes his test for quinine in urine. English translation of second edition, 1895-97. Binz was Professor of Pharmacology at Bonn. His most important work was perhaps the demonstration that quinine in low concentrations kills numerous micro-organisms.



Subjects: PHARMACOLOGY, PHARMACOLOGY › PHARMACEUTICALS › Botanic Sources of Single Component Drugs › Cinchona Bark › Quinine
  • 1880.1

Ueber coca.

Centralblatt. ges. Ther. 2, 289-314, 1884.

Freud described his observations (with himself as subject) on the effects of cocaine, including its abolition of hunger and fatigue, the “exhilaration and lasting euphoria”. He also described its supposed non-addictiveness, calling it “absolutely harmless in long use”. He later bitterly regretted this misconception, as he himself nearly became addicted, and misuse of the drug contributed to the death of one of his dearest friends. Freud’s suggestion that cocaine might act by abolishing the effect of agencies that depress bodily feeling has since been confirmed, and his recognition of the drug’s anesthetizing qualities may have given Koller the idea to revolutionize eye surgery by using cocaine as the first local anesthetic. See No. 5678. English translation in St. Louis med. & surg. J., 1884, 47, 502-05. Revised second edition by Freud, Vienna, 1885. Also translated in Freud, The Cocaine Papers, Vienna/Zurich, 1963 and Freud, Cocaine Papers, R. Byck (ed.), New York, 1974.



Subjects: ANESTHESIA › Cocaine, PHARMACOLOGY › PHARMACEUTICALS › Botanic Sources of Single Component Drugs › Cocaine, PSYCHIATRY › Psychopharmacology, TOXICOLOGY › Drug Addiction
  • 2498.1

Sur un filtre donnant de l’eau physiologiquement pure.

C. R. Acad. Sci. (Paris), 99, 247-48, 1884.

Chamberland filter, an unglazed porcelain bar with pores smaller than bacteria, enabled the earliest distinction between viruses and bacteria and led in 1898 to the re-introduction of the Latin word "virus" with the infectious agent now named tobacco mosaic virus.



Subjects: BACTERIOLOGY › Bacteriology, Laboratory techniques in, VIROLOGY
  • 2499

Ueber die isolirte Färbung der Schizomyceten in Schnitt- und Trocken-präparaten.

Fortschr. Med., 2, 185-89, 1884.

Gram’s method of staining bacteria (Gram stain). While not all bacteria may be definitively classified in this way, it is almost always the first step in the preliminary identification of a bacterial organism.



Subjects: BACTERIOLOGY › Bacteria, Classification of, BACTERIOLOGY › Bacteriology, Laboratory techniques in, Laboratory Medicine
  • 2538

Über eine Sprosspilzkrankheit der Daphnien. Beitrag zur Lehre über den Kampf der Phagocyten gegen Krankheitserreger.

Virchows Arch. path. Anat., 96, 177-95., 1884.

Metchnikoff originated the theory of phagocytosis. He described phagocytes in leucocytes and showed their function as scavengers. Abridged English translation in Bibel, Milestones in immunology (1988).



Subjects: IMMUNOLOGY › Phagocytosis, INFECTIOUS DISEASE
  • 2539

On a new method of producing immunity from contagious diseases.

Proc. biol. Soc. Wash., 3, 29-33, 18841886.

Smith found that dead virus can induce immunity against the living virulent virus. Although Smith made the discovery on his own, his supervisor, D.E. Salmon, usurped credit. See Bibel, Milestones in immunology (1988) 31-32.



Subjects: IMMUNOLOGY, IMMUNOLOGY › Immunization, INFECTIOUS DISEASE
  • 4847

On visceral neuroses.

London: J. & A. Churchill, 1884.

Gulstonian Lectures.



Subjects: PSYCHIATRY › Neuroses & Psychoneuroses
  • 3128
  • 4783

Ueber progressive perniciöse Anämie bei Tabeskranken

Dtsch. med. Wschr., 10, 849., 1884.

First description of subacute combined degeneration of the spinal cord, which Leichtenstern termed progressive pernicious anemia in tabetics.



Subjects: HEMATOLOGY › Anemia & Chlorosis, NEUROLOGY › Neurosyphilis
  • 3566

Clinical lectures on cases of difficult diagnosis; perforation of the appendix vermiformis.

Lancet, 2, 987-90, 1039-42., 1884.

In 1884 Fenwick advocated tying off and removal of the perforated appendix.



Subjects: SURGERY: General › Appendicitis
  • 3174.1

Ueber Lungenchirurgie.

Berl. klin. Wschr., 21, 129-32, 1884.

Resection of portion of a lobe that was invaded by sarcoma of the rib.



Subjects: CARDIOVASCULAR (Cardiac) SURGERY, ONCOLOGY & CANCER, PULMONOLOGY › Thoracic Surgery, SURGERY: General › Surgical Oncology
  • 3291

On a perfected method of photographing the larynx.

N. Y. med. J., 40, 653-56, 1884.

By means of a special camera of his own invention French improved the method of photographing the larynx.



Subjects: IMAGING › Photography / Photomicrography , OTORHINOLARYNGOLOGY (Ear, Nose, Throat) › Laryngology
  • 3292

Das Cocain als Anästheticum und Analgeticum für den Pharynx und Larynx.

Wien. med. Wschr., 34, col. 1334-37, 1364-67, 1884.

Cocaine first employed in laryngology.



Subjects: ANESTHESIA › Cocaine, OTORHINOLARYNGOLOGY (Ear, Nose, Throat) › Laryngology
  • 3293

Trephining the frontal sinuses for catarrhal diseases.

Med. Chron., 1, 235-38, 1884.


Subjects: OTORHINOLARYNGOLOGY (Ear, Nose, Throat) › Rhinology
  • 2708

Therapie der Kreislauf-Störungen.

Leipzig: F. C. W. Vogel, 1884.

English translation in von Ziemssen’s Handbook of general therapeutics, Vol. 7, London, 1887.



Subjects: CARDIOLOGY › CARDIOVASCULAR PHYSIOLOGY › Cardiovascular System › Diseases of Cardiovascular System
  • 3833

Ueber die Exstirpation des Kropfs bei Morbus basedowii.

Berl. klin. Wschr., 21, 163-66., Berlin, 1884.

First thyroidectomy for exophthalmic goitre. The operation reported was performed in 1880.



Subjects: ENDOCRINOLOGY › Thyroid
  • 3834

A recent specimen of artificial myxoedema in a monkey.

Lancet, 2, 827., 1884.

By experimental removal of the thyroid Horsley produced artificial myxedema, confirming previous work by Reverdin and others. At the time his results were regarded as proof that total thyroidectomy produces operative myxedema, but some of the symptoms he described are now known to have been due to removal of the parathyroids.



Subjects: ENDOCRINOLOGY › Parathyroids , ENDOCRINOLOGY › Thyroid
  • 2907.1

Ueber die Sclerose der coronar-Arterien und die davon abhängigen Krankheitszustände.

Z. klin. Med., 7, 459-86, 539-80, 1884.

A comprehensive account of the schlerosis of the coronary arteries and the morbid states arising from them, including a historical review of the problems.



Subjects: CARDIOLOGY › CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE › Coronary Artery Disease
  • 3997

Die krankhaften Veränderungen der Haut.

Braunschweig: F. Wreden, 1884.

Hans von Hebra was the son of Ferdinand, whose work he continued. His textbook correlated skin diseases to diseases of the entire organism.



Subjects: DERMATOLOGY
  • 3388

Sinusthrombose in Folge von Otitis media. [Trepanation des Proc. mastoid mit Hammer und Meissel.]

Prag. med. Wschr., 9, 474-75, 1884.

Improvement of the mastoid operation devised by Schwartze and Eysell.



Subjects: OTOLOGY › Otologic Surgery & Procedures
  • 3946

Contribution à l’étude du pancreas du lapin. Lésions provoquées par la ligature du canal de Wirsung.

Arch. Physiol. norm. path., 3 sér., 3, 287-316., 1884.

Arnozan and Vaillard showed that blockage of the pancreatic ducts caused atrophy of the pancreas but not diabetes.



Subjects: HEPATOLOGY › Diseases of the Gallbladder, Biliary Tract, & Pancreas, Metabolism & Metabolic Disorders › Diabetes
  • 3947

Ueber das Vorkommen von Oxybuttersäure im Harn bei Diabetes mellitus.

Arch. exp. Path. Pharmak., 18, 35-48., 1884.

Discovery of ß-oxybutyric acid in diabetic urine.



Subjects: Metabolism & Metabolic Disorders › Diabetes
  • 4082.1

Recherches sur les caractères anatomiques du xanthélasma.

Arch. Physiol. norm. Path., 3 ser., 4, 65-80, 1884.

First description of skin changes and necropsy findings in pseudoxanthoma elasticum. See No. 4096.1 and Trans. St. John’s Hosp. Derm. Soc., 1972, 58, 235-50 (F.M. Pope).



Subjects: DERMATOLOGY › Specific Dermatoses
  • 4083

Dermatitis herpetiformis.

J. Amer. med. Assoc., 3, 225-29, 1884.

Duhring’s best work in dermatology. He brought together, under the name of “dermatitis herpetiformis” (“Duhring’s disease”) the group of eruptions which morphologically lay between urticaria and the toxic erythemas on the one hand and pemphigus on the other. Duhring wrote the first American textbook on dermatology.



Subjects: DERMATOLOGY, DERMATOLOGY › Specific Dermatoses › Dermatitis Herpetiformis
  • 4857

Study of the pathological changes occurring in trifacial neuralgia, with the report of a case in which three inches of the inferior dental nerve were excised.

Med. News (Philad.), 45, 58-63, 1884.

Mears first suggested Gasserian ganglionectomy for trigeminal neuralgia.



Subjects: NEUROLOGY › Chronic Pain › Trigeminal Neuralgia, NEUROSURGERY, PAIN / Pain Management
  • 3480

Darmresektion und Enterorhaphieen, 1878-83.

Z. Heilk., 5, 83-108, 1884.

Billroth was a pioneer in visceral surgery. Above is an account of many intestinal resections and enterorrhaphies carried out by him.



Subjects: GASTROENTEROLOGY › Esophagus: Stomach: Duodenum: Intestines, SURGERY: General › Upper Gastrointestinal Surgery
  • 3481

Untersuchungen über Cholera nostras.

Dtsch. med. Wschr., 10, 579-82, 1884.

Finkler and Prior isolated Vibrio proteus from stools in a case of acute gastro-enteritis.



Subjects: BACTERIOLOGY › BACTERIA (mostly pathogenic; sometimes indexed only to genus) › Gram-Negative Bacteria › Vibrio , GASTROENTEROLOGY › Diseases of the Digestive System, INFECTIOUS DISEASE › Cholera
  • 3482

Intestinal obstruction

London: Cassell & Co., 1884.

Jacksonian Prize essay.



Subjects: GASTROENTEROLOGY › Esophagus: Stomach: Duodenum: Intestines, SURGERY: General › Upper Gastrointestinal Surgery
  • 3482.1

A theoretical and practical treatise on the hemorrhoidal disease, givings its history, nature, cases, pathology, diagnosis, and treatment.

New York: William Wood & Company, 1884.

An encyclopedic work containing considerable history and a comprehensive bibliography. Digital facsimile from Google Books at this link.



Subjects: Colon & Rectal Diseases & Surgery, Colon & Rectal Diseases & Surgery › History of Colon & Rectal Diseases & Surgery
  • 5032

Zur Aetiologie des Abdominaltyphus.

Mitt. k. GesundhAmte, 2, 372-420, 1884.

Gaffky was the first to grow pure cultures of Salmonella typhi; he showed it to be the true activator of the disease. English translation, New Sydenham Society, 1886. Digital facsimile of the 1884 printing from Google Books at this link.



Subjects: BACTERIOLOGY › BACTERIA (mostly pathogenic; sometimes indexed only to genus) › Gram-Negative Bacteria › Salmonella › Salmonella enterica subsp. enterica serovar Typhi , INFECTIOUS DISEASE › Salmonellosis, INFECTIOUS DISEASE › Salmonellosis › Typhoid Fever
  • 5056

Untersuchungen über die Bedeutung der Mikroorganismen für die Entstehung der Diphtherie beim Menschen, bei der Taube und beim Kalbe.

K. Ges. -Amt., 2, 421-99, 1884.

Loeffler succeeded in cultivating C. diphtheriae, the diphtheria bacillus. He reproduced the characteristic membrane by swabbing the mucous membranes of various animals with pure cultures of the bacillus.
In this paper Loeffler, who was working as one of Koch's assistants, stated on p. 424 three postulates similar to Koch's 4 postulates:
1. The organisms must be shown to be constantly present in characteristic form and arrangement in the diseased tissue.
2. The organisms which, from their behavior appear to be responsible for the disease, must be isolated and cultivated in purity.
3. The pure cultures must be shown to induce disease experimentally.

D. Jay Grimes, "Koch's postulates- then and now," Microbe 1 (2006) 223-228.



Subjects: BACTERIOLOGY › BACTERIA (mostly pathogenic; sometimes indexed only to genus) › Gram-Positive Bacteria › Corynebacterium diphtheriae, INFECTIOUS DISEASE › Diphtheria, INFECTIOUS DISEASE › GENERAL PRINCIPLES of Infection by Microorganisms
  • 5108

Ueber die Cholerabakterien.

Dtsch. med. Wschr., 10, 725-28, 1884.

Discovery of the cholera vibrio and of its transmission by drinking water, food, and clothing.



Subjects: BACTERIOLOGY › BACTERIA (mostly pathogenic; sometimes indexed only to genus) › Gram-Negative Bacteria › Vibrio , INFECTIOUS DISEASE › Cholera
  • 4179

The hydrochlorate of cocaine in genito-urinary procedures.

N.Y. med. J., 40, 635-37, 1884.

Local anesthesia first employed in urology.



Subjects: ANESTHESIA › Local Anesthesia, UROLOGY
  • 4180

On tumours of the bladder.

London: J. & A. Churchill, 1884.

Includes description of Thompson’s operation for tumors of the bladder.



Subjects: ONCOLOGY & CANCER, SURGERY: General › Surgical Oncology, UROLOGY
  • 5147

Studio experimentale sull’ eziologia del tetano.

G. r. Accad. Med. Torino, 3 ser., 32, 174-80, 1884.

Demonstration of the transmissibility of tetanus by inoculation into rabbits of pus from a human case.



Subjects: INFECTIOUS DISEASE › Tetanus
  • 5148

Ueber infectiösen Tetanus.

Dtsch. med. Wschr., 10, 842-44, 1884.

The discovery of the tetanus bacillus, Clostridum tetani, is attributed to Nicolaier; he was, however, unable to isolate the organism in pure culture.



Subjects: BACTERIOLOGY › BACTERIA (mostly pathogenic; sometimes indexed only to genus) › Gram-Positive Bacteria › Clostridium, INFECTIOUS DISEASE › Tetanus
  • 4942

Psychiatrie. Klinik der Erkrankungen der Vorderhirns.

Vienna: W. Braumüller, 1884.

Meynert, Professor of Neurology at Vienna, made many contributions to the study of the cellular architecture of the brain, and is often considered the founder of cerebral cortex cytoarchitectonics. English translation, New York: G. P. Putnam, 1885. Digital facsimile of the 1884 edition from the Medical Heritage Library, Internet Archive, at this link.



Subjects: ANATOMY › Neuroanatomy, ANATOMY › Neuroanatomy › Cytoarchitecture, NEUROLOGY
  • 4220

Die Entstehung von Nierentumoren aus Nebennierengewebe.

Verh. dtsch. Ges. Chir., 13, pt. 2, 28-38, 1884.

An important investigation of the origin of hypernephroma (“Grawitz tumor”). See also Arch. klin. Chir., 1884, 30, 824-34.



Subjects: NEPHROLOGY › Renal Disease, ONCOLOGY & CANCER
  • 5482

Nouvelle communication sur la rage.

C. R. Acad. Sci. (Paris), 98, 457-63, 1229-31, 1884.

Demonstration in the blood of the rabies virus. English translation in R. Suzor, Hydrophobia: An account of M. Pasteur’s system…London, 1887.



Subjects: INFECTIOUS DISEASE › Animal Bite Wound Infections › Rabies, VIROLOGY › VIRUSES (by Family) › Rhabdoviridae › Rabies Lyssavirus
  • 4995.1

De la suggestion dans l’état hypnotique et dans l’état de veille.

Paris: Octave Doin, 1884.

The foundation of the Nancy school of hypnosis. Like Liébeault, Bernheim studied the scientific applications of hypnotism and substituted verbal for sensory stimuli; he interpreted hypnotism and its consequent phenomena as being the result of suggestion.



Subjects: PSYCHOTHERAPY › Hypnosis
  • 5754.3

Übereine Modification der Hasenschartenoperation.

Zbl. Chir., 11, 756-8, 1884.

Hagedom’s operation is important as forming the basis of most modern methods of unilateral cleft lip repair.



Subjects: PLASTIC & RECONSTRUCTIVE SURGERY › Cleft Lip & Palate
  • 5346.3

The metamorphosis of Filaria sanguinis hominis in the mosquito.

Trans. Linn. Soc. Lond., Zool., 2, 367-88, 1884.

Manson reported that the changes he had observed in ingested filariae took place in the mosquito thorax, not in the stomach as previously thought.



Subjects: INFECTIOUS DISEASE › DISEASES DUE TO METAZOAN PARASITES, PARASITOLOGY › Helminths › Parasitic Worms › Filaria
  • 5619

Mikro-Organismen bei den Wund-Infections-Krankheiten des Menschen.

Wiesbaden: J. F. Bergmann, 1884.

Rosenbach proved that streptococci and staphylococci are distinct and differentiated two strains of staphylococci (“aureus” and “albus”). He cultured cocci from a considerable range of septic conditions, thus more accurately defining their pathological signficance for humans, and confirmed Pasteur’s prediction that acute osteomyelitis was a “furuncle of the bone marrow” (Foster).



Subjects: BACTERIOLOGY › BACTERIA (mostly pathogenic; sometimes indexed only to genus) › Gram-Positive Bacteria › Streptococcus , BACTERIOLOGY › Bacteria, Classification of, ORTHOPEDICS › Diseases of or Injuries to Bones, Joints & Skeleton, SURGERY: General › Wound Healing
  • 5678
  • 5925

Vorläufige Mitteilung über locale Anästheserung am Auge.

Klin. Mbl. Augenheilk., 22, Beilageheft, 60-63., 1884.

Introduction of cocaine as a local anesthetic; this was the first local anesthetic employed (16 September 1884). Freud (No. 1880.1) is accredited by some with this innovation, but in this connection see the letter by Koller in J. Amer. med. Ass., 1941, 117, 1284. English translation by H. Knapp in Arch. Ophthal. (Chicago), December, 1884. 



Subjects: ANESTHESIA › Cocaine, ANESTHESIA › Local Anesthesia, OPHTHALMOLOGY
  • 6078

A study of the etiology of perineal laceration, with a new method for its proper repair.

Trans. Amer. gynec. Soc., (1883), 8, 198-216, 1884.

First description of Emmet’s technique for perineorrhaphy.



Subjects: OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › GYNECOLOGY
  • 6079

Sur la faradisation utérine double ou bipolaire.

Union méd., 3 sér., 38, 709-13, 733-36, 1884.

Apostoli was the first to employ the double faradic current in the electrotherapy of uterine diseases.



Subjects: OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › GYNECOLOGY, THERAPEUTICS › Medical Electricity / Electrotherapy
  • 6080

Ueber die Enucleation interstitieller Myome.

Z. Geburtsh. Gynäk., 10, 156-62, 1884.


Subjects: OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › GYNECOLOGY
  • 6081

General summary of conclusions from one thousand cases of abdominal section.

Birmingham, England: R. Birbeck, 1884.

Tait was probably the greatest of the ovariotomists. He abandoned Listerian principles of antisepsis, relying on “scrupulous attention to cleanliness of every kind and in all directions”.



Subjects: OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › GYNECOLOGY, OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › GYNECOLOGY › Oophorectomy
  • 6196

Five cases of extra-uterine pregnancy operated upon at the time of rupture.

Brit med. J., 1, 1250-51., 1884.

The first successful operation for ruptured ectopic pregnancy was performed by Lawson Tait on 1 March 1883.



Subjects: OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › OBSTETRICS
  • 6716

Biographisches Lexikon der hervorragenden Ärzte aller Zeiten und Völker. Edited by August Hirsch, with the assistance of Ernest Gurlt and A. Wernich. 6 vols.

Vienna & Leipzig: Urban & Schwarzenberg, 18841888.

This is one of the best sources of medical biography up to 1880, with useful bibliographical notes. Articles were written by many physicians, whose names were mentioned on the title page. Gurlt and Wernich assisted Hirsch in the massive editorial process. Digital facsimile of all the volumes from Google Books at this link. A revised edition, incorporating a revision of No. 6720, was completed in 1935 and reprinted, Munich, 1962. See also No.6732.



Subjects: BIOGRAPHY (Reference Works)
  • 6526

Die Medicin in Wien während der letzten 100 Jahre.

Vienna: M. Perles, 1884.


Subjects: COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › Austria
  • 229.1

Neue Untersuchungen über den Befruchtungsvorgang bei den Phanerogamen als Gründlage für eine Theorie der Zeugung.

Jena: Gustav Fischer, 1884.

Like Roux, Strasburger hypothesized that the cell nucleus contained the material basis of heredity, and developed the idea with evidence from microscopical observations.



Subjects: BIOLOGY › Cell Biology, GENETICS / HEREDITY
  • 4848

Jumping, latah, myriachit.

Arch. Neurol. (Paris), 8, 68-74, 1884.

Latah, motor incoordination associated with echolalia and coprolalia, is named “Gilles de la Tourette’s disease” after his classic description of it.



Subjects: NEUROLOGY › Movement Disorders
  • 8207

La géographie médicale.

Paris: C. Reinwald, 1884.

Digital facsimile from Google Books at this link.



Subjects: Geography of Disease / Health Geography
  • 8655

On cocaine and its use in ophthalmic and general surgery.

Arch. Ophthalmol., 13, 402-448, 1884.

Knapp translated Koller's paper (No. 5678) into English and with the English translation published a large amount of supplementary material by American surgeons who had recently experimented with cocaine as a local anesthetic. In 1885 Knapp's paper was republished in book form as Cocaine and its use in opthalmic and general surgery...With supplementary contributions by Drs. F. H. Bosworth, R. J. Hall, E. L. Keyes, H. Knapp, and Wm. M. Polk. (New York: G. P. Putman's Sons, 1885). Digital facsimile of the book-form version from the Internet Archive at this link.



Subjects: ANESTHESIA › Cocaine, OPHTHALMOLOGY
  • 9237

Die grosse Sterben in Deutschland in den Jahren 1348 bis 1351 und die folgenden Pestepidemien bis zum Schluss des 14. Jahrhunderts.

Innsbruck: Wagner, 1884.

Digital facsimile from the Internet Archive at this link.



Subjects: INFECTIOUS DISEASE › VECTOR-BORNE DISEASES › Flea-Borne Diseases › Plague (transmitted by fleas from rats to humans) › Plague, History of, MEDIEVAL MEDICINE › Germany
  • 9422

An epitome of the reports of the medical officers to the Chinese Imperial Maritime Customs Office from 1871 to 1882. With chapters on the history of medicine in China: Materia medica: Epidemics: Famine: Ethnology: And chronology in relation to medicine and public health.

London: Baillière, Tindall & Cox, 1884.

Apart from studies of common diseases, public health issues, and epizootics, this work contains a chapter on opium smoking and a chapter on the castration of Chinese eunuchs, of which there were around a thousand working in the Forbidden City. Digital facsimile from the Internet Archive at this link.



Subjects: COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › China, People's Republic of, Chinese Medicine › History of Chinese Medicine, EPIDEMIOLOGY, PHARMACOLOGY › PHARMACEUTICALS › Botanic Sources of Single Component Drugs › Opium, PUBLIC HEALTH, VETERINARY MEDICINE
  • 9659

Chirurgie des enfants. Leçons cliniques professées à l'Hôpital des Enfants-Malades... Recueillies et publiées par Pierre-J. Mercier.

Paris: H. Lauwereyns, 1884.


Subjects: Pediatric Surgery
  • 10113

La paura.

Milan: Fratelli Treves, Editori, 1884.

Mosso conducted experiments with special equipment, which he devised to suit the requirements of the studies. He pursued two main lines of research: the analysis of motor functions and the relationship between physiological and psychic phenomena. Translated into English from the fifth edition in Italian by E. Lough and F. Kesow as Fear, London: Longmans..., 1896. Digital facsimile of the 1884 edition from Google Books at this link; of the English translation from the Internet Archive at this link.



Subjects: INSTRUMENTS & TECHNOLOGIES › Medical Instruments, Neurophysiology
  • 10114

Medical education and the regulation of the practice of medicine in the United States and Canada. prepared by the Illinois State Board of Health, and published by permission of the board.

Chicago, IL: W. T. Keener, 1884.

Rauch, Secretary of the Illinois State Board of Health, was responsible for compiling and publishing this detailed report. It was the most important and comprehensive summary of American, and Canadian medical education published before the Flexner report of 1910.



Subjects: COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › Canada, COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › United States (See also state listings under U.S.), Education, Biomedical, & Biomedical Profession, Ethics, Biomedical
  • 11120

Le mal qu'on a dit des médecins. Première série: auteurs grecs & Latins. Deuxième série: Auteurs français jusqu'a Molière. 2 vols.

Paris: C. Marpon et E. Flammarion, 18841885.

Digital facsimile from the Internet Archive at this link.  Selections were translated , with annotations by T. C. Minor as The Evil that has been said of doctors: Extracts from early writers. (Cincinnati: Reprint from the Lancet-Clinic, 1889). Digital facsimile of the translation from the Internet Archive at this link.



Subjects: Education, Biomedical, & Biomedical Profession › History of Biomedical Education & Medical Profession, LITERATURE / Philosophy & Medicine & Biology
  • 11648

Traité inédit sur l'anatomie pathologique, ou Exposition des altérations visibles qu'éprouve le corps humain dans l'état de maladie par R.-T.-H. Laënnec. Introduction et premier chapitre, précédés d'une préface par V. Cornil.

Paris: Félix Alcan & Germer Baillière, 1884.

Digital facsimile from BnF Gallica at this link.



Subjects: PATHOLOGY
  • 11682

The vivisectors' directory; being a list of the licensed vivisectors in the United Kingdom; together with the leading physiologists in foreign laboratories. Compiled from authentic sources. Edited by Benjamin Bryan, with a preface by Frances Power Cobbe.

London: Victoria Street Society for the Protection of Animals from Vivisection, 1884.

A remarkably detailed listing of scientific and medical researchers conducting research involving vivisection with address information and details of their research. This information was published in order to supply details to antivivisectionist protesters who attempted to stop this experimentation; however it is also useful as a selective directory of researchers in experimental physiology in England and on the Continent.

 

Digital facsimile from Google Books at this link.



Subjects: Medicine: General Works › Experimental Design › Vivisection / Antivivisection, PHYSIOLOGY
  • 11841

The body snatcher.

Pall Mall Christmas Extra, 3-12, 1884.

Loosely based upon the notorious crimes of Burke and Hare, who murdered 16 people in 1828 in order to sell their corpses to Scottish anatomist Robert Knox. In Stevenson's story, the anatomist is referred to as Mr. K___, and the main characters are two of Knox's medical students who become entangled in providing corpses for their mentor.



Subjects: LITERATURE / Philosophy & Medicine & Biology › Fiction
  • 12161

Prophylaxie et géographie médicale: Des principales maladies tributaires de l'hygiène.

Paris: G. Masson, 1884.

Includes several colored world maps of diseases. Digital facsimile from the Internet Archive at this link.



Subjects: Biogeography, Cartography, Medical & Biological, Geography of Disease / Health Geography
  • 12279

Hertztamponade: Ein Beitrag zur Herzchirurgie.

Leipzig: F. C. W. Vogel, 1884.

Rose coined the term "Herztomponade" translated as "cardiac tamponade." He "described the pathophysiology of cardiac tamponade and recorded 23 case histories of ruptured or wounded hearts, several of which did not cause death" (Westaby, Landmarks in Cardiac Surgery, 14.) 



Subjects: CARDIOLOGY › CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE › Heart & Aorta, Diseases of, CARDIOVASCULAR (Cardiac) SURGERY
  • 12892

Zur Anatomie der Zunge. Eine vergleichend-anatomische Studie.

Munich: Theodore Riedel, 1884.

One of the first and the most extensive comparative anatomical studies of the tongues of animals. The book contrasts the tongues of fish, amphibians and reptiles, birds and mammals, through various sectional illustrations. Prince Ludwig Ferdinand, who was trained in medicine, wrote and illustrated this book himself.



Subjects: ANATOMY › Comparative Anatomy, DENTISTRY › Comparative Anatomy of the Mouth, Teeth & Jaws
  • 12947

Plantae Davidianae ex Sinarum Imperio: Première partie: Plantes de Mongolie du Nord et du Centre de la Chine. Deuxieme Partie: Plantes du Thibet Oriental (Province de Moupine). By Adrien Franchet. 2 vols.

Paris: G. Masson, 18841888.

Catalogue of the very extensive collection of plants collected by the Lazarist missionary Father Armand David for the Musée d'Histoire Naturelle during his three major naturalist expeditions in China, Mongolia and Tibet from 1866 to 1874. Digital facsimile from Google Books at this link.



Subjects: BOTANY › Catalogues of Plants, COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › Mongolia, COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › Tibet
  • 13051

The vertebrate zoology of Sind. A systematic account, with descriptions of all the known species of mammals, birds, and reptiles inhabiting the province; observations on their habits, &c; tables of their geographical distribution in Persia, Belochistan, and Afghanistan; Punjab, North-west provinces, and the peninsula of India generally, with woodcuts, lithographs, and coloured illustrations.

London: Richardson & Co., 1884.


Subjects: COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › Afghanistan, COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › Iran (Persia), COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › Pakistan, ZOOLOGY
  • 13063

Memoir upon the formation of a deaf variety of the human race.

Washington, DC: National Academy of Sciences, 1884.

Bell determined that deafness was an inheritable trait and that deaf individuals had a tendency to marry other deaf individuals. As a eugenicist Bell considered this a problem because he thought it risked the development of a "deaf variety" of humans. He suggested both "repressive" and "preventive" measures for mitigating this tendency. Digital facsimile from Google Books at this link.



Subjects: GENETICS / HEREDITY › Eugenics, OTOLOGY › Deafness
  • 13341

Ibn Abi Useibia. Herausgegeben von August Müller.

Königsberg: Selbstverlag, 1884.

Self-published. Arabic text with relatively brief commentary. Digital facsimile from Google Books at this link.



Subjects: MEDIEVAL MEDICINE › Medieval Islamic or Arab Medicine
  • 4502

Das Regimen bei der Gicht.

Wiesbaden: J. F. Bergmann, 1885.

A pupil of Frerichs, Virchow, and Romberg, Ebstein became Professor of Medicine at Göttingen.



Subjects: RHEUMATOLOGY › Gout (Podagra)
  • 4568

Lectures on the diagnosis of diseases of the brain.

London: J. & A. Churchill, 1885.


Subjects: NEUROLOGY › Diseases of the Nervous System
  • 4626

Ueber Aphasie.

Dtsch. Arch. klin. Med., 36, 204-68, 1885.

“Lichtheim’s disease”– subcortical sensory aphasia. Lichtheim noted that although the patient could not speak, he was able to indicate with his fingers the number of syllables in the word of which he was thinking (“Lichtheim’s sign”). The paper is translated into English in Brain, 1885, 7, 433-84.



Subjects: NEUROLOGY › Aphasia, Agraphia, Agnosia, Speech, Anatomy and Physiology of › Speech Disorders
  • 4643

Ueber die akute Encephalitis der Kinder (Polioencephalitis acuta, cerebrale Kinderlähmung).

Jb. Kinderheilk., 22, 173-78, 1885.

“Strumpell’s disease” – polioencephalomyelitis.



Subjects: INFECTIOUS DISEASE › Neuroinfectious Diseases › Encephalitis, NEUROLOGY › Child Neurology, PEDIATRICS
  • 705

Ueber Ptomaine. 3 vols.

Berlin: A. Hirschwald, 18851886.

Brieger isolated and determined the composition of a number of the ptomaines.



Subjects: BIOCHEMISTRY
  • 706

Lois d’équilibre chimique dans l’état dilué, gazeux ou dissous.

K. Svenska vetenskAkad. Handl., Stockholm, 21, No. 17, pp. 1-41., 1885.

Van’t Hoff stated that osmotic pressure is proportional to the concentration if the temperature remains invariable, and proportional to the absolute temperature if the concentration remains invariable.



Subjects: BIOCHEMISTRY
  • 4703

Über eine eigentümliche Form spastischer Lähmung mit Cerebralerscheinungen auf hereditärer Grundlage. (Multiple Sklerose.)

Arch. Psychiat. Nervenkr., 16, 698-710, 1885.

“Pelizaeus–Merzbacher disease” (see No. 4715).



Subjects: NEUROLOGY › Degenerative Disorders › Multiple Sclerosis
  • 4748

Contribution à l’étude des paralysies radiculaires du plexus brachial.

Rev. Méd., 5, 591-616, 739-90, 1885.

First description of atrophic paralysis of the muscles of the hand following lesion of the brachial plexus and eighth cervical and first dorsal nerves (“Klumpke’s paralysis”).



Subjects: NEUROLOGY › Myopathies, WOMEN in Medicine & the Life Sciences, Publications About, WOMEN, Publications by › Years 1800 - 1899
  • 1366

Beitrag zur pathologischen Anatomie der Tabes dorsalis und zum Faserverlauf in menschlichen Rückenmark.

Neurol. Zbl., 4, 245-46, 1885.

“Lissauer’s tract”, the marginal tract in the spinal cord.



Subjects: NEUROSCIENCE › NERVOUS SYSTEM › Spinal Cord
  • 1281

Note on the nature of nerve-force.

J. Physiol. (Lond.), 6, 133-35, 1885.


Subjects: NEUROSCIENCE › NERVOUS SYSTEM › Peripheral Nerves / Nerve Impulses, Neurophysiology
  • 1283

Sulle degenerazioni descendenti consecutive a lesioni sperimentale in diverse zone della corteccia cerebrale.

Riv. sper. Freniat., 11, 492-94, 1886, 12, 208-52, 1885.

Marchi’s stain, osmic acid, for degenerating myelin sheaths.



Subjects: NEUROSCIENCE › NERVOUS SYSTEM › Peripheral Nerves / Nerve Impulses
  • 1470

Neue Thatsachen über die Hautsinnesnerven.

Arch. Anat. Physiol., Physiol. Abt., Suppl. Bd., 1-110., 1885.

Goldscheider recorded important investigations on the nerves conveying the sensation of temperature and on the nerves of cutaneous sensation



Subjects: NEUROSCIENCE › Neurophysiology, PSYCHOLOGY › Sensation / Perception
  • 1704

Vital statistics. A memorial volume of selections from the reports and writings of William Farr.

London: E. Stanford, 1885.

Farr applied statistical methods to epidemiology and was the first mathematically to express the rise and fall of epidemic diseases, thus making possible the more accurate prediction of the occurrence of epidemics.



Subjects: COMPUTING/MATHEMATICS in Medicine & Biology, DEMOGRAPHY / Population: Medical Statistics, DEMOGRAPHY / Population: Medical Statistics › History of Demography, EPIDEMIOLOGY
  • 1881

A text-book of pharmacology, therapeutics and materia medica.

London: Macmillan, 1885.

Brunton was physician to St. Bartholomew’s Hospital and an eminent pharmacologist. He is notable for his introduction of amyl nitrite in the treatment of angina pectoris and for a vast amount of other work concerning the action of drugs on the cardiovascular system.



Subjects: CARDIOLOGY › CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE › Coronary Artery Disease › Angina Pectoris, PHARMACOLOGY, PHARMACOLOGY › PHARMACEUTICALS › Cardiovascular Medications
  • 1520

The anatomy of the muscles, ligaments and fasciae of the orbit, including an account of the capsule of Tenon, the check ligaments of the recti, and the suspensory ligaments of the eye.

J. Anat. Physiol., (Lond.), 20, 1-25, 1885.

“Lockwood’s suspensory ligament” of the globe of the eye.



Subjects: OPHTHALMOLOGY › Anatomy of the Eye & Orbit
  • 2500

Vorlesungen über Bacterien.

Leipzig: Wilhelm Engelmann, 1885.


Subjects: BACTERIOLOGY
  • 2501

Les bactéries et leur rôle dans l’anatomie et l’histologie pathologiques des maladies infectieuses. 1 vol. and atlas.

Paris: Félix Alcan, 1885.

Considered the first treatise on bacteriology.



Subjects: BACTERIOLOGY, INFECTIOUS DISEASE
  • 2502

Ueber Fäulnissbacterien.

Leipzig: F. C. W. Vogel, 1885.

Isolation of Proteus vulgaris.



Subjects: BACTERIOLOGY › BACTERIA (mostly pathogenic; sometimes indexed only to genus) › Gram-Negative Bacteria › Proteus
  • 2503

Die Methoden der Bakterienforschung.

Wiesbaden: Kriedel, 1885.

Hueppe, a colleague of Koch, wrote an admirable manual on bacteriological methods, a subject to which he gave several original contributions. English translation, New York, 1886.



Subjects: BACTERIOLOGY › Bacteriology, Laboratory techniques in, Laboratory Medicine
  • 179

Das Weib in der Natur-und Völkerkunde. 2 vols.

Leipzig: T. Grieben, 1885.

Ploss incorporated a vast amount of data concerning every aspect of woman in the unillustrated first edition, and died the year it was published. He covered anthropology, psychology, aesthetics, physiology, sexuality, in what became a standard work. Digital facsimile of the first edition from the Hathi Trust at this link.

Anthropologists Maximilian Bartels and his son Paul Bartels edited the work through several expanded and illustrated editions, which were a major commercial success, probably because the set contained material on sexuality. After the death of Paul Bartels in 1914 sexologist Ferdinand von Reitzenstein continued the editorial work and published the 11th edition in 1927. Digital facsimile of that edition from the Hathi Trust at this link.

An English translation in 3 vols. by Eric John Dingwall was published in London in 1935 as Woman: An historical gynaecological and anthropological compendium. Dingwall improved the text and plates significantly. By that time the work included more than 1000 illustrations in black and white and 7 color plates. Digital facsimile from the Internet Archive at this link.



Subjects: ANTHROPOLOGY, SEXUALITY / Sexology
  • 180

Völkerkunde. 2 vols.

Leipzig & Vienna: Bibliographisches Inst., 18851888.

One of the greatest books on ethnology. Ratzel emphasized the importance of the investigation of the history of primitive peoples in the study of ethnology.



Subjects: ANTHROPOLOGY › Cultural Anthropology
  • 2790

The Gulstonian Lectures, on malignant endocarditis.

Brit. med. J., 1, 467-70, 522-26, 577-79, 1885.

First comprehensive description of subacute bacterial endocarditis.



Subjects: CARDIOLOGY › CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE › Endocarditis, INFECTIOUS DISEASE › Endocarditis
  • 2540

Das Sauerstoff-Bedürfniss des Organismus. Eine farbenanalytische Studie.

Berlin: A. Hirschwald, 1885.

Includes the first statement of Ehrlich’s “side-chain” theory.



Subjects: IMMUNOLOGY, INFECTIOUS DISEASE
  • 2541
  • 5483

Méthode pour prévenir la rage après morsure.

C. R. Acad. Sci. (Paris), 101, 765-74; 102, 459-69, 835-38; 103, 777-85, 1885, 1886.

Pasteur’s papers describing his rabies vaccine, and the results he attained with it gave further proof of the value of attenuated virus as a protective inoculum against infective diseases in man and animals. This is considered Pasteur’s greatest triumph. A grateful public subscribed two and a half million francs and made possible the erection of the Institut Pasteur, Paris. English translation in R. Suzor, Hydrophobia: An account of M. Pasteur’s system.… London, 1887.



Subjects: IMMUNOLOGY › Immunization, INFECTIOUS DISEASE › Animal Bite Wound Infections › Rabies, VIROLOGY › VIRUSES (by Family) › Rhabdoviridae › Rabies Lyssavirus
  • 3294

Die Natur und die Behandlung der Ozaena.

Dtsch. med. Wschr., 11, 5-8, 22-24, 1885.

Loewenberg described a bacillus found in the secretions of ozena (see No. 3307). He made the first attempt at the treatment of this condition.



Subjects: BACTERIOLOGY, OTORHINOLARYNGOLOGY (Ear, Nose, Throat) › Rhinology
  • 3295

Über die Bedeutung der Bursa pharyngea für die Erkennung und Behandlung gewisser Nasenrachenraum-Krankheiten.

Wiesbaden: J. F. Bergmann, 1885.

“Tornwaldt’s [Thornwaldt’s] bursitis”, first described by Wendt (see No. 3283).



Subjects: OTORHINOLARYNGOLOGY (Ear, Nose, Throat)
  • 3595

A case of strangulated hernia into the fossa intersigmoidea.

Brit. med. J., 1, 1195-97., 1885.

First definitely authenticated case of intersigmoid hernia.



Subjects: SURGERY: General › Hernia
  • 3731

Untersuchungen über Osteomalacie und Rachitis.

Leipzig: F. C. W. Vogel, 1885.

Hess considered this the foremost contribution to the subject during the 19th century.



Subjects: NUTRITION / DIET › Deficiency Diseases › Rickets
  • 3740

On the cause and prevention of kakke.

Trans. Sei.-I-Kwai, Tokyo, 4, 29-37., Tokyo, 1885.

Takaki was the first conclusively to show the dietary origin of beriberi. Measures introduced by him resulted in its eradication from the Japanese Navy, where it had previously been a serious problem.

 



Subjects: NUTRITION / DIET › Deficiency Diseases › Beriberi
  • 3628

Eine Icterusepidemie.

Berl. klin. Wschr., 22, 20-23, 1885.

Dr. Lürman, a general practitioner in Bremen, was first to report homologous serum hepatitis. English translation in Human viral hepatitis, by A. J. Zuckerman, 2nd ed., New York, 1972, pp. 4-10.



Subjects: INFECTIOUS DISEASE › Hepatitis
  • 3770

Zur Symptomatologie der sog. Pseudo-Leukämie

Berl. klin. Wschr., , 22, 3-7., Berlin, 1885.

“Pel-Ebstein disease”, a remittant pyrexia occurring in Hodgkin’s disease (see also No. 3771).



Subjects: Spleen: Lymphatics
  • 3226

A case of haemoptysis treated by the induction of pneumothorax so as to collapse the lung.

Trans. clin. Soc. Lond., 18, 278-84., 1885.

Artificial pneumothorax by pleural incision in intractable haemoptysis. See also Lancet, 1885, 1, 894-95.



Subjects: PULMONOLOGY › Lung Diseases › Pulmonary Tuberculosis, RESPIRATION › Respiratory Diseases
  • 3389

Ueber den Werth des Rinne’schen Versuches für die Diagnostik der Gehörkrankheiten.

Z. Ohrenheilk., 14, 61-148, 1885.

Schwabach’s hearing test.



Subjects: OTOLOGY › Audiology › Hearing Tests
  • 3948

Ueber Acetonurie und Diaceturie

Berlin: A. Hirschwald, 1885.

An important investigation concerning acetone in diabetic urine.



Subjects: Metabolism & Metabolic Disorders › Diabetes
  • 4085

Ueber eine neue Form von Hautkrankheit, “Lymphodermia perniciosa”.

Med. Jb.129-47, 1885.

First description of lymphoderma perniciosa, premycotic or leukemic erythrodermia.



Subjects: DERMATOLOGY › Specific Dermatoses
  • 4858

Case of cerebral tumour.

Med.-chir. Trans., 68, 243-75, 1885.

First instance of diagnosis, accurate clinical localization, and operative removal of a tumor of the brain, 25 November, 1884. The patient survived for one month. Preliminary report in Lancet, 1884, 2, 1090-91.



Subjects: NEUROSURGERY › Oncological
  • 3482.2

Case of acute extensive ulceration of the colon.

Trans. path. Soc. Lond., 36, 199-202, London, 1885.

First detailed description of ulcerative colitis.



Subjects: Colon & Rectal Diseases & Surgery
  • 3482.3

On a case of acute intestinal obstruction in a boy, with remarks upon the treatment of acute obstruction.

Liverpool med.-chir. J., 5, 118-30, 1885.

Abdominal section and ileostomy for intestinal obstruction; surgeon’s report on pp. 130-35.



Subjects: GASTROENTEROLOGY › Esophagus: Stomach: Duodenum: Intestines, PEDIATRICS, SURGERY: General › Upper Gastrointestinal Surgery
  • 3483

Zur Casuistik und Statistik der Magenresectionen und Gastro-enterostomieen.

Verh, dtsch. Ges. Chir., 14, Pt. II, 62-71, 1885.

Billroth II pylorectomy, reported by von Hacker. Also published in Arch. klin. Chir., 1885, 32, 616-25.



Subjects: GASTROENTEROLOGY › Esophagus: Stomach: Duodenum: Intestines, SURGERY: General › Upper Gastrointestinal Surgery
  • 3484

Application de la méthode naturelle à l’analyse de la dyspepsie nerveuse. – Détermination d’une espèce.

Lyon méd., 48, 449-64, 492-505, 523- 43, 563-83; 49, 8-28, 1885.

Important description of enteroptosis and gastroptosis.



Subjects: GASTROENTEROLOGY › Diseases of the Digestive System, GASTROENTEROLOGY › Esophagus: Stomach: Duodenum: Intestines
  • 3694

Dental bibliography: A standard reference list of books on dentistry published throughout the world from 1536 to 1885.

Philadelphia: S. S. White Dental Mfg. Co., 1885.

Digital facsimile from Google Books at this link.



Subjects: BIBLIOGRAPHY › Bibliographies of Dentistry, DENTISTRY › History of Dentistry
  • 5057

Intubation of the larynx.

N.Y. med. J., 42, 145-47, 1885.

O’Dwyer perfected the operation of laryngeal intubation in croup.



Subjects: INFECTIOUS DISEASE › Diphtheria
  • 4181

On cyclic albuminuria (albuminuria in the apparently healthy).

Brit. med. J., 2, 789-91, 1885.

“Pavy’s disease” – recurrent albuminuria.



Subjects: UROLOGY
  • 4943

Les maladies de la personnalité.

Paris: Germer Baillière, 1885.


Subjects: PSYCHIATRY
  • 4426.1

An operation for displaced semilunar cartilage.

Brit. med. J., 1, 779, 1885.

The first deliberate and planned operation for the relief of internal derangement of the knee-joint caused by a displaced cartilage, i.e. repair of the meniscus. Annandale succeeded Lister as Professor of Clinical Surgery at Edinburgh in 1877.



Subjects: ORTHOPEDICS › Orthopedic Surgery & Treatments › Fractures & Dislocations, ORTHOPEDICS › Orthopedic Surgery & Treatments › Knee
  • 5485

Lektsii ob ostrikh infektsionnîkh bolierznyakh u dietei. [Lectures on acute infectious diseases of children.] 2 vols.

Moscow: A. Lang, 18851887.

Glandular fever (infectious mononucleosis) was first described by Filatov under the name of idiopathic adenitis (“Filatov’s disease”). A German translation of his book appeared in 1895-97.



Subjects: INFECTIOUS DISEASE › Infectious Mononucleosis
  • 5293

On the presence of peculiar parasitic organisms in the tissue of a specimen of Delhi boil.

Sci. Med. mem. Off. Army India, [1884], 1, 21-31, 1885.

Cunningham saw and described bodies in Delhi boil; these were almost certainly Leishman–Donovan bodies.



Subjects: COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › India, DERMATOLOGY, INFECTIOUS DISEASE › VECTOR-BORNE DISEASES › Sandfly-Borne Diseases › Leishmaniasis
  • 5003.1

The insane in the United States and Canada.

London: H. K. Lewis, 1885.

The first history of psychiatry in the United States and Canada. Chapter 5 is the first survey of psychiatry in Canada.



Subjects: COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › Canada, COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › United States (See also state listings under U.S.), PSYCHIATRY › History of Psychiatry
  • 5528

Mycosis mucorina.

Virchows Arch. path. Anat., 102, 543-64, 1885.

First authentic case reported in man.



Subjects: INFECTIOUS DISEASE › Mycosis
  • 5347

Notes upon the experimental breeding of Taenia echinococcus in the dog from the echinococci of man.

Proc. roy. Soc. Lond., 38, 449-57, London, 1885.

Thomas succeeded in transmitting Taenia echinococcus to the dog from human sources.



Subjects: INFECTIOUS DISEASE › DISEASES DUE TO METAZOAN PARASITES, VETERINARY MEDICINE
  • 5926

Die periphere Atrophie des Sehnerven.

v. Graefes Arch. Ophthal., 31, 1 Abt., 177-200, 1885.

Peripheral atrophy of the optic nerve was described by Fuchs and called “Fuchs’s optic atrophy”.



Subjects: OPHTHALMOLOGY › Neuro-ophthalmology
  • 5927

Der Electromagnet in der Augenheilkunde.

Leipzig: Veit & Co., 1885.

The introduction of the electromagnet into ophthalmology. A pupil of Helmholtz, Hirschberg was one of the most voluminous writers in the field of ophthalmology. Besides his dictionary (see No. 5932) he wrote a classic history of the subject (see No. 5996) which today remains the authoritative history of ophthalmology. He founded the Centralblatt für praktische Augenheilkunde in 1877.



Subjects: INSTRUMENTS & TECHNOLOGIES, OPHTHALMOLOGY › Ocular Surgery & Procedures
  • 5928

On the surgical, physiological, and aesthetic advantages of the artificial vitreous body.

Brit. med. J., 2, 1153-55, 1885.

“Mules’s operation”, evisceration of the eyeball with insertion of artificial vitreous.



Subjects: OPHTHALMOLOGY › Ocular Surgery & Procedures
  • 5679

Practical comments on the use and abuse of cocaine; suggested by its invariably successful employment in more than a thousand minor surgical operations.

N.Y. med. J., 42, 294-95, 1885.

The first experiments on local infiltration anesthesia were made by Halsted, who even produced anesthesia by the intradermal injection of water. Through the process of self-experimentation Halsted became addicted to cocaine for the remainder of his life. His addiction was kept a secret from all but his closest associates until after his death.



Subjects: ANESTHESIA › Cocaine, ANESTHESIA › Local Anesthesia, SURGERY: General
  • 5680

Spinal anaesthesia and local medication of the cord.

N. Y. med. J., 42, 483-85, 1885.

Spinal anesthesia introduced. Corning showed experimentally that cocaine exerts a prolonged anesthetic effect while arresting the circulation in the anesthetized area. He first described injection of cocaine between the spinous processes of the lower dorsal vertebrae in a dog (see his earlier paper in the same journal, 1885, 42, 317-19) and then in a human being.



Subjects: ANESTHESIA › Cocaine, ANESTHESIA › Spinal Anesthesia
  • 6082

Ueber Kraurosis vulvae, eine wenig beachtete Form von Hautatrophie am pudendum muliebre.

Z. Heilk., 6, 69-80, 1885.

Although not the first to describe kraurosis vulvae, Breisky left an important account, and the condition became known as “Breisky’s disease”.



Subjects: OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › GYNECOLOGY
  • 5209

Der Mikro-Organismus der gonorrhöischen Schleimhaut-Erkrankungen, Gonococcus-Neisser.

Dtsch. med. Wschr., 11, 508-09, 1885.

Bumm cultured the gonococcus. By human inoculations he demonstrated its pathogenicity in pure culture.



Subjects: BACTERIOLOGY › BACTERIA (mostly pathogenic; sometimes indexed only to genus) › Gram-Negative Bacteria › Gonococcus, INFECTIOUS DISEASE › SEXUALLY TRANSMITTED DISEASES › Gonorrhoea & Trichomonas Infection
  • 5210.1

Bericht über eine bei Kindern beobachtete Endemie infectiöser Colpitis.

Virchows Arch. path. Anat., 99, 251-76, 1885.

The gonococcus shown to be the cause of vulvovaginitis in children.



Subjects: INFECTIOUS DISEASE › SEXUALLY TRANSMITTED DISEASES › Gonorrhoea & Trichomonas Infection, PEDIATRICS
  • 6717

Eminent doctors; their lives and their work. Second edition. 2 vols.

London: J. Hogg, 1885.

Deals with British doctors only.



Subjects: BIOGRAPHY (Reference Works)
  • 5238

Weitere Untersuchungen über die Malariainfection.

Fortschr. Med., 3, 787-806, 1885.

First accurate description of the malaria Plasmodium, discovered by Laveran in 1880. These writers were the first to adopt the name P. malariae.



Subjects: INFECTIOUS DISEASE › VECTOR-BORNE DISEASES › Mosquito-Borne Diseases › Malaria, PARASITOLOGY › Plasmodia › P. vivax, P. falciparum, P. malariae, P. ovale, and P. knowlesi
  • 5238.1

Zur Parasitologie des Blutes.

Biol. Zbl., 5, 529-37, 1885.

Discovery of malaria parasites in birds. See also Ann. Inst. Pasteur, 1890, 4, 427-31.



Subjects: INFECTIOUS DISEASE › VECTOR-BORNE DISEASES › Mosquito-Borne Diseases › Malaria, PARASITOLOGY › Plasmodia, VETERINARY MEDICINE › Veterinary Parasitology
  • 6264

Neuer Beitrag zur Aetiologie und Casuistik der Spondyl-olisthesis.

Arch. Gvnäk., 25. 182-252, 1885.


Subjects: OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › OBSTETRICS › Pelvis: Pelvic Anomalies
  • 231

Die Bedeutung der Zellenkerne für die Vorgänge der Vererbung.

Z. Wiss. Zool., 42, 1-46., 1885.

Along with Roux, Kölliker stated that hereditary characters were transmitted by the cell nucleus.



Subjects: BIOLOGY › Cell Biology, GENETICS / HEREDITY
  • 6604

Notes on the history of medical progress in Japan.

Yokohama, Japan: Meiklejohn, 1885.

From Trans. Asiatic Soc. Japan, 1885, 12, 245-469. Digital facsimile from the Internet Archive at this link.



Subjects: COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › Japan, Japanese Medicine › History of Japanese Medicine
  • 7332

Topographical anatomy of the brain. 3 vols.

Philadelphia: Lea Brothers, 1885.

The most outstanding American neurological atlas of the nineteenth century and one of the best American photographically illustrated medical books of the period. The atlas reproduces the specimens, which Dalton prepared himself, in natural size.



Subjects: ANATOMY › Neuroanatomy, ANATOMY › Topographical Anatomy, IMAGING › Photography / Photomicrography
  • 8416

Les médecins grecs depuis la mort de Galien jusqu'a la chute de l'empire d'orient (210-1453).

Paris: J.-B. Baillière, 1885.

Digital facsimile from BnF Gallica at this link.



Subjects: ANCIENT MEDICINE › Greece › History of Ancient Medicine in Greece, ANCIENT MEDICINE › Late Antiquity, ANCIENT MEDICINE › Roman Empire › History of Medicine in the Roman Empire, BYZANTINE MEDICINE › History of Byzantine Medicine, MEDIEVAL MEDICINE › History of Medieval Medicine
  • 9159

Women, plumbers, and doctors: or, household sanitation. By Mrs. H. M. Plunkett. Showing that, if women and plumbers do their whole sanitary duty, there will be comparatively little occasion for the services of the doctors.

New York: D. Appleton and Company, 1885.

Dedicated "To Dr. Henry I. Bowditch, whose early, persistent, and enthusiastic labors make him the apostle of sanitation in America." Digital facsimile from the Hathi Trust at this link.



Subjects: Hygiene, PUBLIC HEALTH, WOMEN in Medicine & the Life Sciences, Publications About, WOMEN, Publications by › Years 1800 - 1899
  • 9500

A contribution to South African materia medica, chiefly from plants in use among the natives.

Lovedale, South Africa: Lovedale Mission Press, 1885.

The first edition was a pamphlet of 23 pp. Smith issued a much-expanded second edition with 163 pp., also at Lovedale in 1888, and a further expanded third edition with 262 pp. (Cape Town, 1895). Digital facsimile of the 1888 edition from the Hathi Trust at this link, of the 1895 edition from the Internet Archive at this link.



Subjects: BOTANY › Ethnobotany, COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › South Africa, PHARMACOLOGY › PHARMACEUTICALS › Materia medica / Herbals / Herbal Medicines
  • 9544

Die elephantiastischen Formen. Eine umfassende Darstellung der angeborenen und erworbenen Elephantiasis sowie aller verwandten Leiden.

Hamburg: J. F. Richter, 1885.

This atlas illustrates the various changes that occur under the collective term elephantiasis, including tumors of the blood and lymphatic vessels, fibromas, neuromas, papillomas.  Goldschmid 258.



Subjects: DERMATOLOGY, INFECTIOUS DISEASE › Leprosy, INFECTIOUS DISEASE › VECTOR-BORNE DISEASES › Mosquito-Borne Diseases › Lymphatic Filariasis (Elephantiasis), PATHOLOGY › Pathology Illustration
  • 10192

Notes on diseases among the Indians frequenting York Factory, Hudson's Bay. Read before the Medico-Chirurgical Society of Montreal, February, 1885.

Montreal: Gazette Printing Company, 1885.

Mathews was a surgeon employed by the Hudson's Bay Company. "York Factory was a settlement and Hudson's Bay Company (HBC) factory (trading post) located on the southwestern shore of Hudson Bay in northeastern ManitobaCanada at the mouth of the Hayes River, approximately 200 kilometres (120 mi) south-southeast of Churchill. York Factory was one of the first fur-trading posts established by the HBC, built in 1684 and used in that business for more than 270 years. The settlement was headquarters of the HBC's Northern Department from 1821 to 1873" (Wikipedia). Digital facsimile from Early Canadiana Online at this link.



Subjects: COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › Canada, NATIVE AMERICANS & Medicine
  • 10383

Untersuchungen über staubinhalation und staubmetastase.

Leipzig: F. C. W. Vogel, 1885.

On the effects of dust inhalation. Digital facsimile from the Internet Archive at this link.



Subjects: OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH & MEDICINE , ONCOLOGY & CANCER
  • 10575

Indigenous flowers of the Hawaiian Islands: Forty-four plates painted in water-colours and described by Mrs. Francis Sinclair, Jr.

London: Sampson, Low, Marston, Searle, and Rivington, 1885.

The first color-illustrated book on Hawaiian flora. "The following collection of flowers was made upon the islands of Kauai and Niihau, the most northern of the Hawaiian archipelago. It is not by any means a large collection, considering that the flowering plants of the islands are said by naturalists to exceed four hundred varieties. But this enumeration was made some years ago, and it is probable that many plants have become extinct since then." (preface). Digital facsimile from Biodiversity Heritage Library at this link.



Subjects: BOTANY, U.S.: CONTENT OF PUBLICATIONS BY STATE › Hawaii, WOMEN, Publications by › Years 1800 - 1899
  • 11537

A text-book of nursing for the use of training schools, families, and private students. Compiled by Clara S. Weeks-Shaw.

New York: D. Appleton and Company, 1885.

This was the first textbook on nursing formally written by a nurse credited on the title page. Digital facsimile of the second edition (1899) from Google Books at this link.



Subjects: NURSING
  • 11636

A system of medicine. Edited by William Pepper. 5 vols.

Philadelphia: Lea Brothers, 18851886.

"The most comprehensive 19th century American work on medicine.  Pepper assembled virtually all of the leading American physicians of the day, including D. Hayes Agnew, Roberts Bartholow, John Shaw Billings, William Byford, Alonzo Clark, J. Solis Cohen, Jacob Mendez DaCosta, Nathan Smith Davis, Louis Duhrling, Louis Elsberg, George Engelmann, Reginald Fitz, Austin Flint, Frank Foster, Samuel W. Gross, Allan McLane Hamilton, Abraham Jacobi, Mary Putnam Jacobi, Joseph Leidy, Alfred L. Loomis, William T. Lusk, Charles K. Mills, Francis Minot, S. Weir Mitchell, William Osler, William Pepper, James J. Putnam, Edward Seguin, Alexander Skene, Alfred Stille, T. Gaillard Thomas, James Tyson, William H. Welch, J. William White, James C. Wilson, and Horatio Wood, among others. This massive work provides remarkable insight into the practice of medicine when Osler was transitioning from a pathologist and part-time internist into a specialist in internal medicine. In Osler's memorial address that summarized Pepper's many achievements, he wrote of this system, "There had never been published in this country a composite work by native writers, corresponding to the System of Medicine by Reynolds or to Ziemssen's Encyclopedia. A circular was issued in November, 1881, to the joint authors, but it was more than three years before the first volume of the system was issued; the five volumes were then published in rapid succession, the fifth appearing in 1886. While unequal, as all such systems must necessarily be, it remains a great work, and contains articles which have become classical in American literature." (W. Bruce Fye).



Subjects: Composite Systems of Medicine, Encyclopedias
  • 12075

The field and limitation of the operative surgery of the human brain.

Philadelphia: P. Blakiston, Son & Co., 1885.

The first American monograph on surgery on the human brain, also published in 1885 the Transactions of the American Surgical Association. Roberts was "one of the few American surgeons to advocate an aggressive exploratory approach to cranial fractures in an effort to avoid consequences such as infection, delayed seizures, and insanity. In his 1885 article in the Transactions of the American Surgical Association titled “The Field and Limitation of the Operative Surgery of the Human Brain,” he predicted that with antiseptic precautions and the growing knowledge of cerebral localization, operations on the brain would become commonplace. This work predated that of Horsley, Keen, and many others." (James L. Stone,"John Bingham Roberts and the first American monograph on human brain surgery," Neurosurgery, 49 (2001) 974-985).

Digital facsimile from Google Books at this link.



Subjects: NEUROSURGERY
  • 12122

Gleanings from the natural history of the ancients.

London: Elliot Stock, 1885.

Digital facsimile from the Internet Archive at this link.



Subjects: NATURAL HISTORY › History of Natural History
  • 12502

Gli amori degli uomini. Saggio di una etnologie dell'amore. 2 vols.

Milan: Paolo Mantegazza, Editore, 1885.

Digital facsimile of the 1886 edition from the Hathi Trust at this link.

Translated into English "from the latest Italian edition, as approved by the author, by Samuel Putnam, edited with an introduction by Victor Robinson" as Sexual relations of mankind, New York: Eugenics Publishing Company (1935).



Subjects: SEXUALITY / Sexology
  • 13153

Über das Gedachtnis: Untersuchungen zur experimentellen Psychologie.

Leipzig: Duncker & Humblot, 1885.

Ebbinghaus conducted a series of experiments on memory and forgetting using himself as subject. Out of this came concepts such as the learning curve and the forgetting curve, and the serial position effect. Digital facsimile from Google Books at this link. Translated into English by Henry A. Ruger & Clara E. Bussenius as Memory: A contribution to experimental psychology (1913), of which the digital text is available from Classics in the History of Psychology at this link.



Subjects: PSYCHOLOGY › Cognition, PSYCHOLOGY › Experimental
  • 554

Ueber die Methylenblaureaction der lebenden Nervensubstanz.

Dtsch. Med. Wschr., 12, 49-52., 1886.

Ehrlich’s method of intravital staining.



Subjects: ANATOMY › Microscopic Anatomy (Histology)
  • 4569
  • 4751

A manual of diseases of the nervous system. 2 vols.

London: J. & A. Churchill, 18861888.

Gowers was physician and Professor of Clinical Medicine at University College, London. He especially distinguished himself in the field of neurology, and the above set is his greatest work.Page 365 of vol. 1 includes the first description of local panatrophy. See also Rev. Neurol. Psychiat. (Edinb.), 1903, 1, 3-4. Gowers was also interested in stenography, advised his students to take down his lectures in shorthand, and founded the Society of Medical Phonographers. See No. 4751. Biography by Macdonald Critchley, London, 1949.



Subjects: NEUROLOGY › Diseases of the Nervous System
  • 4570

Paralyses, cerebral, bulbar and spinal.

London: H. K. Lewis, 1886.

Bastian was one of the founders of English neurology. He is remembered for “Bastian’s law” (see No. 4577).



Subjects: NEUROLOGY › Diseases of the Nervous System
  • 4571

Two cases of associated paralysis of the tongue, soft palate, and vocal cord on the same side.

Trans. clin. Soc. Lond., 19, 317-19, London, 1886.

“Mackenzie’s syndrome”.



Subjects: NEUROLOGY › Diseases of the Nervous System
  • 1017
  • 6340

Die Darmbakterien des Säuglings und ihre Beziehungen zur Physiologie der Verdauung.

Stuttgart: Ferdinand Enke, 1886.

Includes the first account of Bact. coli infection. The organism was later renamed Escherichia coli (E.coli).

 



Subjects: BACTERIOLOGY › BACTERIA (mostly pathogenic; sometimes indexed only to genus) › Gram-Negative Bacteria › Escherichia coli, GASTROENTEROLOGY › Diseases of the Digestive System, INFECTIOUS DISEASE › Food-Borne Diseases
  • 708

Ueber den Niederschlag, welchen Pikrinsäure in normalen Harn erzeugt und über eine neue Reaction des Kreatinins.

Hoppe-Seyl. Z. physiol. Chem. 10, 391-400., 1886.

Jaffe’s creatinine test.



Subjects: BIOCHEMISTRY, BIOCHEMISTRY › Clinical Chemistry
  • 427

Plastische Anatomie des menschlichen Körpers.

Leipzig: Veit & Co., 1886.

“Illustrated with lithographs from hand-drawings, photographs from the nude, ethnic studies of facial features…The text…is of unusual historic interest, and includes special chapters on the anatomy of the infant, human proportions, and ethnic morphology” (Choulant, transl. Frank).



Subjects: ANATOMY › 19th Century, ANATOMY › Anatomical Illustration, ANATOMY › Anatomy for Artists, ART & Medicine & Biology
  • 4704

Ueber eine bestimmte Form der primären combinirten Systemerkrankungen des Rückenmarks.

Arch. Psychiat. Nervenkr., 17, 217-38, 1886.

“Strümpell’s disease” – hereditary spastic spinal paralysis, previously described by Erb and by Charcot.



Subjects: GENETICS / HEREDITY › HEREDITARY / CONGENITAL DISEASES OR DISORDERS › Inherited Neurological Disorders, GENETICS / HEREDITY › HEREDITARY / CONGENITAL DISEASES OR DISORDERS › Inherited Neurological Disorders › Hereditary Spastic Periplegia, NEUROLOGY › Degenerative Disorders
  • 1129

Functional nervous disorders due to loss of thyroid gland and pituitary body.

Lancet, 1, 5, 1886.

First successful experimental hypophysectomy; two dogs survived five and six months respectively after this operation.



Subjects: Ductless Glands: Internal Secretion › Thyroid, Parathyroids
  • 4749

Sur une forme particuliére d’atrophie musculaire progressive souvent familiale débutant par les pieds et les jambes et atteignant plus tard les mains.

Rev. Méd., 6, 97-138, 1886.

First description of the peroneal form of muscular atrophy, the so-called Charcot–Marie–Tooth type.



Subjects: NEUROLOGY › Myopathies
  • 4750

The peroneal type of progressive muscular atrophy.

London: H. K. Lewis, 1886.

Tooth described peroneal muscular atrophy independently of, and in the same year as, Charcot and Marie.



Subjects: › Myopathies
  • 1329

On the structure, distribution, and function of the nerves which innervate the visceral and vascular system.

J. Physiol. (Lond.), 7, 1-80, 1886.

Gaskell established the origin of the preganglionic neurons (white rami).



Subjects: NEUROSCIENCE › NERVOUS SYSTEM › Peripheral Autonomic Nervous System, Neurophysiology
  • 4752

Contribution à l’étude de la myopathie atrophique progressive (myopathie atrophique progressive, à type scapulo-huméral).

C. R. Soc. Biol. (Paris), 8 sér., 3, 478-81, 1886.

“Landouzy–Dejerine type” of progressive muscular dystrophy.



Subjects: NEUROLOGY › Myopathies
  • 84

Œuvres complètes ed J.-M. Charcot. Recueillies et publiées par D. M. Bourneville [and others]. 9 vols.

Paris: Bureaux de Progrès Médical; A. Delahaye & E. Lecrosnier, 18861891.

Charcot, famous teacher at La Salpêtrière, created there the greatest neurological clinic of his time. He was a pioneer of psychotherapy and left many memorable descriptions of nervous disorders. Pierre Marie, who died in 1940, was a pupil of Charcot. Digital facsimile from the Internet archive at this link.  An extensive bibliography of Charcot's works with links to digital facsimiles of many of his publications may be found on the Charcot website of Serge Nicolas at https://sites.google.com/site/jeanmartincharcot18251893/home (accessed 12-2016).

 



Subjects: Collected Works: Opera Omnia, NEUROLOGY, PSYCHIATRY
  • 504

Lehrbuch der Entwicklungsgeschichte des Menschen und der Wirbelthiere.

Jena: Gustav Fischer, 1886.


Subjects: EMBRYOLOGY
  • 1367

Physiological studies of the knee-jerk.

Med. News (Phila.), 48, 169-73, 198-203., 1886.

Demonstration that the knee-jerk can be reinforced by sensory stimulation.



Subjects: Neurophysiology
  • 1368

The structure and combination of the histological elements of the central nervous system.

Bergens Museum Aarsberetning, 29-214, 1886.

Nansen, better known for his Arctic explorations, was the first to point out that the posterior root fibers divide on entering the spinal cord into ascending and descending branches. Digital facsimile from the Hathi Trust at this liink.



Subjects: NEUROSCIENCE › NERVOUS SYSTEM › Spinal Cord
  • 758

Praelectiones anatomiae universalis.

London: John Churchill, 1886.

Facsimile reproduction with transliteration of Harvey’s manuscript notes for a Lumleian Lecture, 1616. These show that at that date Harvey had already completed his demonstration of the circulation of the blood. English translation with annotations, Berkeley, 1961. Edited, with an introduction, translation, and notes by G. Whitteridge, Edinburgh, 1964.



Subjects: CARDIOLOGY › CARDIOVASCULAR PHYSIOLOGY › Cardiovascular System
  • 707

A text-book of human physiology, including histology and microscopical anatomy....by L. Landois. Translated from the fifth German edition. With additions by William Stirling. 2 vols.

London: Charles Griffin and Company, 1886.

Second edition in English. Matthew Hay devised a test for the determination of bile acids in the urine, published in vol. 1, p. 381.
Digital facsimile from the Hathi Trust at this link.



Subjects: BIOCHEMISTRY, BIOCHEMISTRY › Clinical Chemistry
  • 1416

Sulla fina anatomia degli organi centrali del sistema nervoso.

Milan: U. Hoepli, 1886.

Golgi’s histological studies made a clear conception of the nervous system possible for the first time. He demonstrated the existence of multipolar nerve-cells (Golgi cells) by means of his silver nitrate stain, and described the “Golgi apparatus” and “Golgi type II” nerve cells – cells with short axons ramified within the cortex. In 1906 he shared the Nobel Prize with Ramón y Cajal. First published as a series of papers in Riv. sper. Freniat., 1882-85. Chiefly known from the German translation, Untersuchungen über den feineren Bau des centralen und peripherischen Nervensystems (1894).

In 2000 Marina Bentivoglio and Larry W. Swanson translated, with an historical introduction, Golgi's paper on the mamalian hippocampus as it appeared in the 1886 work as "On the fine structure of the pes Hippocampi major (with plates XIII-XXIII)", Brain Research Bulletin 54 (2001) 461-483.



Subjects: ANATOMY › Microscopic Anatomy (Histology), NEUROSCIENCE › NERVOUS SYSTEM › Brain, including Medulla: Cerebrospinal Fluid
  • 1882

Ueber Disulfone.

Ber. dtsch. chem. Ges. 19, 2806-14, 1886.

Preparation of sulphonal.



Subjects: PHARMACOLOGY › PHARMACEUTICALS
  • 1883

Ichthyol und Resorcin als Repräsentanten der Gruppe reduzierender Heilmittel.

Hamburg & Leipzig: L. Voss, 1886.

Unna introduced ichthyol and resorcinol into medicine. Supplement to Mh. prakt. Derm., No. 1.



Subjects: DERMATOLOGY, PHARMACOLOGY › PHARMACEUTICALS
  • 1883.01

Om Periodiske Depressionstilstande og deres Patogenese.

Copenhagen: Jacob Lunds Forlag, 1886.

Lange was the first to use a mixture of drugs containing lithium carbonate for the preventive treatment of periodic depression. This work contains the “first unequivocal account of prophylactic drug treatment for an exclusively psychiatric–as distinct from physical–condition” (Johnson).



Subjects: PSYCHIATRY › Psychopharmacology, PSYCHIATRY › Psychopharmacology › Lithium
  • 2106

Researches upon the venoms of poisonous serpents.

Washington, DC: Smithsonian Institution, 1886.

Mitchell (see also No. 2104) and Reichert showed that snake venom is protein, and demonstrated the presence of toxic albumins. Mitchell was one of the first to investigate snake venoms.



Subjects: TOXICOLOGY › Venoms
  • 2306

Beitrag zur Kenntnis der amyloiden und der hyalinen Degeneration des Bindegewebes.

Beitr. path. Anat. Physiol., 1, 175-200., 1886.

First reported case of primary amyloidosis.



Subjects: PATHOLOGY
  • 2456

Traité de zoologie médicale. 2 vols.

Paris: J.-B. Baillière, 18861890.

Digital facsimile from the Internet Archive at this link.



Subjects: PARASITOLOGY, ZOOLOGY, ZOOLOGY › Helminthology
  • 2503.1

Ueber die Mosaikkrankheit des Tabaks.

Landw. VersSta., 32, 450-67, 1886.

Mayer was first to describe and name tobacco mosaic disease and to demonstrate its infectious nature, that it could be transferred between plants, similar to bacterial infections. Translation in Phytopathological Classics, No. 7, pp. 9-24, Ithaca, 1942. See No. 2506.2.



Subjects: INFECTIOUS DISEASE, PHARMACOLOGY › PHARMACEUTICALS › Botanic Sources of Single Component Drugs › Tobacco, VIROLOGY › VIRUSES (by Family) › Virgaviridae › Tobacco Mosaic Virus
  • 2504

An introduction to practical bacteriology based upon the methods of Koch.

London: H. K. Lewis, 1886.

Crookshank studied under Koch, and later became Professor of Bacteriology at King’s College, London.



Subjects: BACTERIOLOGY
  • 2505

The bacterium of swine-plague.

Amer. monthly micr. J., 7, 204-05, 1886.

Discovery of Salmonella choleraesuis. The Salmonellae tribe was named after Salmon, even though the discovery was made by Smith. See Bibel, Milestones in immunology (1988) 31-32.



Subjects: BACTERIOLOGY › BACTERIA (mostly pathogenic; sometimes indexed only to genus) › Gram-Negative Bacteria › Salmonella, EPIDEMIOLOGY, INFECTIOUS DISEASE › Salmonellosis, VETERINARY MEDICINE, VETERINARY MEDICINE › Epizootics
  • 2393

La syphilis héréditaire tardive.

Paris: G. Masson, 1886.

Fournier, one of the greatest syphilologists, did more than any other person to develop the knowledge regarding congenital syphilis. Through his writings, the importance of syphilis as a cause of degenerative diseases was recognized.



Subjects: GENETICS / HEREDITY › HEREDITARY / CONGENITAL DISEASES OR DISORDERS › Congenital Syphilis
  • 181

Les signalements anthropométriques.

Paris: G. Masson, 1886.

Bertillon invented a method (“Bertillonage”) of identifying persons by means of selected measurements, the five following measurements being used as the basis of his system: head length, head breadth, length of middle finger, length of left foot, and length of forearm from elbow to extremity of middle finger. His method was used particularly for the identification of criminals.



Subjects: ANTHROPOLOGY › Anthropometry, Criminology & Medical Criminology
  • 3067.1

A case of haemophilia: pedigree through five generations.

Lancet, 2, 533-34, London, 1886.

True hemophilia in a female. The family was the subject of several later investigations, the last being reported in Lancet, 1973, 2,734.



Subjects: GENETICS / HEREDITY › HEREDITARY / CONGENITAL DISEASES OR DISORDERS › Blood Disorders › Hemophilia, HEMATOLOGY › Blood Disorders
  • 2230

The principles and practice of medicine. 2 vols.

London: J. & A. Churchill, 1886.

Fagge was physician to Guy’s hospital and editor of Guy’s Hospital Reports. His important textbook was published posthumously.



Subjects: Medicine: General Works
  • 3485

Neurasthénie et enteroptose.

Sem. méd. (Paris), 6, 211-12., 1886.

Splanchnoptosis (“Glénard’s disease”).



Subjects: GASTROENTEROLOGY › Diseases of the Digestive System
  • 3486

Ueber die Verwendung des Musculus rectus abdominis zum Verschlusse der künstlichen Magenfistel.

Wien. med. Wschr., 36, 1073-77, 1110-14., 1886.

Von Hacker’s method of gastrostomy.



Subjects: GASTROENTEROLOGY › Esophagus: Stomach: Duodenum: Intestines, SURGERY: General › Upper Gastrointestinal Surgery
  • 3487

Ein Fall von Resection des carcinomatösen Oesophagus mit plastischem Ersatz des excidierten Stückes.

Prag. med. Wschr., 11, 93-94., Prague, 1886.

Von Mikulicz was the first to make a plastic reconstruction of the oesophagus after the resection of its cervical portion for carcinoma.



Subjects: ONCOLOGY & CANCER › Carcinoma, Thoracic Surgery
  • 3567

Perforating inflammation of the vermiform appendix, with special reference to its early diagnosis and treatment.

Trans. Ass. Amer. Phys., 1, 107-44., 1886.

A conclusive demonstration of the pathology and symptoms of disease of the vermiform appendix. Fitz invented the term “appendicitis”; his paper, which records 25 cases collected by himself, convinced physicians of the need to remove the appendix immediately if threatening symptoms did not subside within 24 hours. Reprinted in Med. Classics, 1938, 2, 459-91.



Subjects: SURGERY: General › Appendicitis
  • 3568

Suppurative peritonitis due to ulceration and suppuration of the vermiform appendix; laparotomy; resection of the vermiform appendix; toilette of the peritonaeum; drainage; recovery.

N.Y. med. J., 43, 662-63., 1886.

This is believed to be the first reported case of survival after removal of a perforated appendix. Hall worked with William Halsted during the 1880s and participated in Halsted’s experiments with cocaine as a local anaesthetic. Like Halsted, Hall became addicted to cocaine. It caused his premature death.



Subjects: SURGERY: General , SURGERY: General › Appendicitis
  • 3175

Die Mikrococcen der Pneumonie.

Z. Klin. Med., 10, 426-49; 11, 437-58, 1886.

Fraenkel showed definitely that the organism found by Pasteur (No. 3172) and Sternberg (No. 3173) was a cause of pneumonia.



Subjects: BACTERIOLOGY › BACTERIA (mostly pathogenic; sometimes indexed only to genus) › Gram-Positive Bacteria › Streptococcus › Pneumococcus , INFECTIOUS DISEASE › Pneumonia, MICROBIOLOGY, RESPIRATION › Respiratory Diseases
  • 3176

Ueber die Aetiologie der acuten Lungen- und Rippenfellentzündungen.

Med. Jb., n.F. 1, 483-554, 1886.

Weichselbaum definitely established that Friedländer’s bacillus was responsible for pneumonia in a small percentage of cases.



Subjects: BACTERIOLOGY › BACTERIA (mostly pathogenic; sometimes indexed only to genus) › Gram-Negative Bacteria › Klebsiella pneumoniae, INFECTIOUS DISEASE › Pneumonia, RESPIRATION › Respiratory Diseases
  • 3596

On the radical cure of oblique inguinal hernia by internal abdominal peritoneal pad, and the restoration of the valved form of the inguinal canal.

Ann. Surg., 4, 89-119., 1886.

Macewen’s method for the radical cure of oblique inguinal hernia. The sac was folded into a pad and used as a plug at the internal ring, the ring being closed in layers. Reprinted in Brit. med. J., 1887, 2, 1263-71.



Subjects: SURGERY: General › Hernia
  • 3629

The surgery of the pancreas, as based upon experiments and clinical researches.

Trans. Amer. surg. Ass., 4, 99-232, 1886.

In this review of the world literature and a report of animal experimentation, Senn concluded that complete extirpation of the pancreas was invariably followed by death, but that partial excision was feasible and justifiable.



Subjects: HEPATOLOGY › Diseases of the Gallbladder, Biliary Tract, & Pancreas, SURGERY: General
  • 3790

Congenital absence of hair and mammary glands with atrophic condition of the skin and its appendages in a boy whose mother had been almost wholly bald from alopecia areata from the age of six.

Med.-chir. Trans., 69, 473-77, 1886.

First description of progeria.



Subjects: ENDOCRINOLOGY, GENETICS / HEREDITY › GENETIC DISORDERS › Progeria, PEDIATRICS
  • 3835

Functional nervous disorders due to the loss of thyroid gland and pituitary body.

Lancet, 1, 5., London, 1886.


Subjects: ENDOCRINOLOGY › Pituitary, ENDOCRINOLOGY › Thyroid
  • 3865

Ein Fall von doppelseitigem, völlig latent verlaufenen Nebennieren-tumor und gleichzeitiger Nephritis mit Veränderungen am Circulationsapparat und Retinitis.

Virchows Arch. path. Anat., 103, 244-63., 1886.

Pheochromocytoma first described. Republished in book form.



Subjects: ENDOCRINOLOGY › Adrenals, NEPHROLOGY › Renal Disease, NEPHROLOGY › Renal Disease › Nephritis, ONCOLOGY & CANCER
  • 3884

Sur deux cas d’acromégalie. Hypertrophie singulière non congénitale des extrémités supérieures, inférieures et céphalique.

Rev. Méd., 6, 297-333., 1886.

In this, the first complete clinical description of the condition, Marie suggested the name “acromegaly”. The paper excited much interest and was translated into English and published by the New Sydenham Society, 1891.



Subjects: ENDOCRINOLOGY › Pituitary
  • 3389.1

Ueber Nystagmus und associierte Augenbewegungsversuche bei Hystero-Epileptischen.

Pest. med.-chir. Presse, 22, 765, 787, 807, 827, 1886.

Rotational nystagmus described. First published in Magyar in Orvosi Hetilap, 1886, 30, 857, 889.



Subjects: OPHTHALMOLOGY , OTOLOGY
  • 3949

Ueber experimentellen Diabetes.

Verh. Congr. inn. Med., 5, 185-89., 1886.

Mering was able to produce experimental diabetes by means of phloridzin.



Subjects: Metabolism & Metabolic Disorders › Diabetes
  • 4086

Lichen ruber monileformis – Korallen schnurartiger Lichen ruber.

Vjschr. Derm., 13, 571-82, 1886.

Kaposi is credited with the first description of this condition, sometimes called “Kaposi’s disease”, and probably a rare variety of lichen planus.



Subjects: DERMATOLOGY › Specific Dermatoses
  • 4087

Ueber Pemphigus vegetans (frambösioides).

Vjschr. Derm., 13, 157-78, 1886.

“Neumann’s disease” – pemphigus vegetans. This was first described by Alibert. English translation (New Sydenham Society), 1897.



Subjects: DERMATOLOGY › Specific Dermatoses
  • 4088

Du lichen (lichen, prurigo, strophulus).

Ann. Derm. Syph. (Paris), 2 sér., 7, 133-54, 1886.

“Vidal’s disease” – neurodermatitis.



Subjects: DERMATOLOGY › Specific Dermatoses
  • 5080

Report on a disease of cows prevailing at a farm from which scarlatina had been distributed along with the milk of cows.

15th Ann. Rep. Local Govt. Bd., Suppl. containing Report of the Medical Officer for 1885, pp. 90-110, 1886.

Contains the first suggestion of the streptococcal origin of scarlet fever.



Subjects: BACTERIOLOGY › BACTERIA (mostly pathogenic; sometimes indexed only to genus) › Gram-Positive Bacteria › Streptococcus , INFECTIOUS DISEASE › Scarlet Fever, VETERINARY MEDICINE
  • 4182

Some observations on rupture of the urinary bladder, with an account of two cases of intra-peritoneal rupture successfully treated by abdominal section and subsequent suture of the vesical rent.

Lancet, 2, 1118-22, 1886.

MacCormac introduced an operation for the treatment of intraperitoneal rupture of the bladder.



Subjects: UROLOGY
  • 5156

Die Aetiologie der Rotzkrankheit.

Arb. k. GesundhAmte, 1, 141-98, 1886.

Discovery of Burkholderia mallei, causative organism of glanders. Preliminary notice in Dtsch. med. Wschr., 1882, 8, 707.



Subjects: BACTERIOLOGY › BACTERIA (mostly pathogenic; sometimes indexed only to genus) › Gram-Negative Bacteria › Burkholderia mallei, INFECTIOUS DISEASE › Glanders, VETERINARY MEDICINE
  • 4944

Psychopathia sexualis; eine klinisch-forensische Studie.

Stuttgart: Ferdinand Enke, 1886.

Krafft-Ebing revised the book through 12 editions. Digital facsimile of the first edition from wellcomecollection.org at this link. English translation as Psychopathia sexualis, with special reference to contrary sexual instinct: A medico-legal study. Authorized translation of the seventh enlarged and revised German edition by Charles Gilbert Chaddock (Philadelphia: F. A. Davis Company, 1894). Digital facsimile of the 1894 edition from Google Books at this link. (The author's full name was Richard Fridolin Joseph Freiherr Krafft von Festenberg auf Frohnberg, genannt von Ebing.)



Subjects: Forensic Medicine (Legal Medicine), PSYCHIATRY, SEXUALITY / Sexology, SEXUALITY / Sexology › Homosexuality
  • 5186

Zur Aetiologie der Dysenterie in Aegypten.

Virchows Arch. path. Anat., 105, 521-31, 1886.

Kartulis discovered amoebae in liver abscess. It was principally through the work of Kartulis that amoebae came to be considered the cause of dysentery in man.



Subjects: COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › Egypt, INFECTIOUS DISEASE › Amoebiasis
  • 5332

Ueber eine eigenthümliche, mit Milztumor, Icterus und Nephritis einhergehende, acute Infectionskrankheit.

Dtsch. Arch. klin. Med., 39, 209-32, 1886.

In his classic description of Leptospirosis icterohaemorrhagica Weil differentiated the disease from other types of acute jaundice. It is better known as “Weil’s disease”.



Subjects: INFECTIOUS DISEASE › Leptospiroses
  • 4572
  • 5929

D’un nouveau precédé opératoire applicable au ptosis congénital et au ptosis paralytique.

Arch. Ophtal., 6, 1-14, 1886.

An operation for congenital and paralytic ptosis was introduced by Panas.



Subjects: OPHTHALMOLOGY › Diseases of the Eye, OPHTHALMOLOGY › Neuro-ophthalmology, OPHTHALMOLOGY › Ocular Surgery & Procedures
  • 5930

The bacillus of acute conjunctival catarrh or “pink eye”.

Arch. Ophthal. (N.Y.), 15, 441-51, 1886.

In 1883 Koch discovered the bacilli of two different forms of infectious conjunctivitis (Egyptian ophthalmia); in 1886. Weeks discovered the same organism to be the cause of “pink-eye”. The organism has become known as the Koch – Weeks bacillus (see also No. 5923).



Subjects: BACTERIOLOGY › BACTERIA (mostly pathogenic; sometimes indexed only to genus) › Gram-Negative Bacteria › Haemophilus, INFECTIOUS DISEASE, OPHTHALMOLOGY › Diseases of the Eye, OPHTHALMOLOGY › Diseases of the Eye › Conjunctivitis
  • 5797

Memorials of the craft of surgery in England. From materials compiled by John Flint South. Edited by D'Arcy Power.

London: Cassell & Co., 1886.

South, trained in Germany, became surgeon to St. Thomas’s Hospital. Through his efforts John Hunter’s body was reburied in Westminster Abbey and South himself wrote the inscription on the tablet there. Digital facsimile from the Internet Archive at this link.



Subjects: COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › England (United Kingdom), SURGERY: General › History of Surgery
  • 5356

Sobre a molestia vulgarmente denominada oppilaçao ou cançaço.

Gaz. med. Bahia, 1, 27-29, 39-41, 52-54, 63-64, 1886.

Wucherer confirmed Griesinger’s conclusion that the cause of tropical anemia was hookworm infestation. See also the same journal, 1869, 3, 170-72, 183-84, 198-200. English translation in Kean (No. 2268.1).



Subjects: INFECTIOUS DISEASE › DISEASES DUE TO METAZOAN PARASITES › Hookworm Disease, PARASITOLOGY › Helminths › Hookworms
  • 5359

Remarks on parasites and scorpions.

Trans. Coll. Phys. Philad., 3 ser., 8, 441-43, 1886.

Leidy found the hookworm in the cat and suggested that it might also be found in man as a cause of pernicious anemia.



Subjects: INFECTIOUS DISEASE › DISEASES DUE TO METAZOAN PARASITES › Hookworm Disease, VETERINARY MEDICINE › Veterinary Parasitology
  • 5427

The life-history of the micro-organisms associated with variola and vaccinia. An abstract of results obtained from a study of smallpox and vaccination in the surgical laboratory of the University of Edinburgh.

Proc. roy. Soc. Edinb., 13, 603-20, 1886.

The “Paschen elementary bodies” (No. 5430) were first recognized and demonstrated by Buist. Republished as an appendix to his Vaccinia and variola, London, 1887.



Subjects: INFECTIOUS DISEASE › Smallpox , VIROLOGY › VIRUSES (by Family) › Variola and Vaccinia
  • 5680.1

Local anesthesia in general medicine and surgery.

New York: D. Appleton and Company, 1886.

The first textbook on local anesthesia.



Subjects: ANESTHESIA › Local Anesthesia
  • 6083

Ueber ventrale Operation bei Prolapsus und Retroversio uteri.

Zbl. Gynäk., 10, 698-701, 1886.

First account of Olshausen’s operation for retroversion of the uterus.



Subjects: OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › GYNECOLOGY
  • 6084

Ablation des tumeurs flbreuses ou myomes du corps de l’utérus par la voie vaginale.

Gaz. Hôp. (Paris), 59, 445-47, 1886.

Péan’s method of morcellement of the uterus for the removal of tumors.



Subjects: OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › GYNECOLOGY, ONCOLOGY & CANCER, SURGERY: General › Surgical Oncology
  • 5476

Zur Pathologie und Therapie einer eigenthümlichen endemischen Krankheitsform.

Wien. med. Wschr., 36, 1141-45, 1168-71, Vienna, 1886.

This is generally regarded as the first description of pappataci fever.



Subjects: INFECTIOUS DISEASE › VECTOR-BORNE DISEASES › Sandfly-Borne Diseases › Phlebotomus (Pappataci) Fever
  • 5239

Sull infezione malarica.

Arch. Sci. med. (Torino), 10, 109-35, 1886.

Description of the development of the parasite of quartan malaria. Golgi differentiated the tertian and quartan parasites by the periods of their respective developments.



Subjects: INFECTIOUS DISEASE › VECTOR-BORNE DISEASES › Mosquito-Borne Diseases › Malaria, PARASITOLOGY › Plasmodia › P. vivax, P. falciparum, P. malariae, P. ovale, and P. knowlesi
  • 6341

Ueber Kindermilch und Säuglings-Ernährung.

Münch, med. Wschr., 33, 253, 276, Munich, 1886.

Soxhlet wrote on the nature of milk droplets, estimated the specific gravity of milk with his lactodensimeter, described an apparatus for the sterilization of milk, and devised a test for the estimation of fats in milk.



Subjects: PEDIATRICS
  • 6597

Historia de la medicina en México desde la epoca de los Indios hasta la presente. 3 vols.

México: Oficina tip. de la Secretaría de Fomento, 18861888.

Digital facsimile from the Internet Archive at this link.



Subjects: COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › Mexico, Latin American Medicine › History of Latin American Medicine
  • 269

Ueber neue Mikroskope.

S. B. Jena. Ges. Med., 2, 107-28 (suppl. to Jena Z. Naturw. 1887, 20), 1886.

Fundamental improvements in the microscope were made by Abbe, who was a mathematician. In 1878 he introduced the oil immersion lens; in 1886 he made an apochromatic objective corrected for three colors in which the secondary spectrum was not noticeable, while he is also remembered for the sub-stage condenser which bears his name. A translation of the above article is in J. roy. micr. Soc., 1887, 20-34.



Subjects: Microscopy
  • 7070

Physical training in American colleges and universities. Circulars of information of the Bureau of Education. No. 5-1885.

Washington, DC: Government Printing Office, 1886.

Concerns training methods and equipment, primarily for men (3 pages devoted to women) in the United States, with a chapter on training in Germany. Digital facsimile from the Hathi Trust at this link.



Subjects: PHYSICAL MEDICINE / REHABILITATION › Exercise / Training / Fitness
  • 7387

Index to the periodical literature of dental science and art, as presented in the English language.

Philadelphia: P. Blakiston, Son & Co., 1886.

Digital facsimile from the Medical Heritage Library, Internet Archive, at this link.



Subjects: BIBLIOGRAPHY › Bibliographies of Dentistry, BIBLIOGRAPHY › Periodicals, DENTISTRY, DENTISTRY › History of Dentistry
  • 7708

Notes on the anomalies, injuries and diseases of the bones of the native races of North America.

Reports of the Peabody Museum of American Archaeology and Ethnology, 3, 433-448, Cambridge, England, 1886.

The first American contribution to paleopathology. Digital facsimile from Google Books at this link.



Subjects: ANTHROPOLOGY › Medical Anthropology, NATIVE AMERICANS & Medicine, PATHOLOGY › Paleopathology
  • 7744

Klinicheskii sbornik po dermatologii i sifilologii. 4 vols.

Moscow, 18861890.

Mansurov was the first dermatologist in Russia, and one of the first physicians to use photography systematically in medical illustration. This was a periodical, illustrated with original photographs, of which Manusrov issued 4 volumes.



Subjects: COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › Russia, DERMATOLOGY, IMAGING › Photography / Photomicrography , INFECTIOUS DISEASE › SEXUALLY TRANSMITTED DISEASES › Syphilis, Illustration, Biomedical
  • 8848

Apuntes para la historia de la medicina en Michoacán desde los tiempos Pre-Colombianos hasta el año 1875.

Michoacán, Mexico: Morelia, 1886.


Subjects: COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › Mexico, Latin American Medicine › History of Latin American Medicine, Pre-Columbian Medicine, History of
  • 9111

Die Bevölkerung der griechisch-römischen Welt.

Berlin, 1886.

Digital facsimile from the Internet Archive at this link.



Subjects: ANCIENT MEDICINE › Greece › History of Ancient Medicine in Greece, ANCIENT MEDICINE › Roman Empire › History of Medicine in the Roman Empire, DEMOGRAPHY / Population: Medical Statistics › History of Demography
  • 9566

A nomenclature of colors for naturalists, and compendium of useful knowledge for ornithologists.

Boston, MA: Little, Brown, 1886.

Ridgway proposed a simple classification system, doing away with many subjective and evocative names that were currently popular. The work illustrated 186 colors. Digital facsimile from the Biodiversity Heritage Library at this link.

In 1912 Ridgway greatly expanded the work under the title of Color standards and color nomenclature. "The work became a standard reference used by ornithologists for decades after Ridgway's death, as well as specialists in such wide-ranging fields as mycologyphilately, and food coloring.The book named 1,115 colors, illustrated with painted samples reproduced on 53 plates. Special care was taken to ensure consistency of color reproduction across the edition, as well as the prevention of fading. The color samples were printed as large sheets by A. Hoen & Co., cut into swatches one inch by one-and-one-half inches, and pasted into each bound book" (Wikipedia article on Robert Ridgway accessed 9-2017). Digital facsimile of the 1912 work from the Biodiversity Heritage Library at this link.



Subjects: NATURAL HISTORY, ZOOLOGY › Ornithology
  • 9665

Atlas des poissons vénéneux et descriptions des ravages produits par eux sur l'organisme humain, et des contre-poisons à employer. Atlas iadovitykh ryb s opisaniem vida ikh, deistviia iada na organizm cheloveka i ukazaniem protivuiadii.

St. Petersburg, Russia: Tipografiia V. S. Balasheva, 1886.

The first well-illustrated medical military manual on toxic marine organisms. Text in French and Russian.



Subjects: COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › Russia, TOXICOLOGY, TOXICOLOGY › Zootoxicology, ZOOLOGY › Ichthyology
  • 10191

The "medicine-man"; or, Indian and Eskimo notions of medicine. Reprinted from the "Canada Medical and Surgical Journal" for March and April, 1886.

Montreal: Gazette Printing Company, 1886.

Digital facsimile from the Internet Archive at this link.



Subjects: COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › Canada, NATIVE AMERICANS & Medicine
  • 10207

Catalogue of anatomical models, charts and osteological preparations. Auzoux's papier mache anatomical models, Bocksteger models painted in natural colors, human skeletons.

Philadelphia: James W. Queen & Co., 1886.

One of the better illustrated American trade catalogues of the period describing available anatomical models, charts, skeletons for use in teaching. Reprinted, along with several other catalogues relating to instrumentation in The Queen Catalogues. With a new introduction by Deborah Jean Warner. 2 vols. San Francisco: Norman Publishing, 1993.



Subjects: ANATOMY › 19th Century
  • 10350

The relation of hospitals to medical education.

Boston, MA, 1886.

Withington, pp. 18-22, proposed Bills of Rights for subjects of experiments "to secure patients again any injustice from the votaries of science." Digital facsimile from the Internet Archive at this link.



Subjects: COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › United States (See also state listings under U.S.), Education, Biomedical, & Biomedical Profession, Ethics, Biomedical, HOSPITALS
  • 10450

Beiträge zur Analyse der Empfindungen.

Jena: Gustav Fischer, 1886.

Translated into English by C. M .Williams and Sydney Waterlow as The Analysis of Sensations (1897). Revised and supplemented from the Fifth German edition by Sydney Waterlow (1914). Digital facsimile of the 1886 edition from the Hathi Trust at this link. Digital facsimile of the 1914 English translation from the Internet Archive at this link.



Subjects: PSYCHOLOGY, PSYCHOLOGY › Experimental, PSYCHOLOGY › Psychophysics
  • 10521

Leprosy in Hawaii. Extracts from reports of presidents of the board of health, government physicians and others, and from official records, in regard to leprosy before and after the passage of the “Act to prevent the spread of leprosy”, approved Jan. 3, 1865. The laws and regulations in regard to leprosy in the Hawaiian Kingdom.

Honolulu, HI: Daily Bulletin Office, 1886.


Subjects: INFECTIOUS DISEASE › Leprosy, PUBLIC HEALTH, U.S.: CONTENT OF PUBLICATIONS BY STATE › Hawaii
  • 11163

Traité d'hygiène industrielle, à l'usage des médecins et des membres des conseils d'hygiène.

Paris: G. Masson, 1886.

Poincaré reviewed 105 industries.  He was the father of mathematician Henri Poincaré. Digital facsimile from BnFgallica at this link.



Subjects: OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH & MEDICINE
  • 12269

Outlines of lectures on physiology, with an introductory chapter on general biology, and an appendix containing laboratory exercises in practical physiology.

Montreal: W. Drysdale & Co., 1886.

Mills, a student of Osler, became the first professional physiologist in Canada. This outline of his lectures is probably the first Canadian physiology textbook. Digital facsimile from the Internet Archive at this link.



Subjects: PHYSIOLOGY
  • 12293

Über die Beziehung zwischen Reizung und Erregung im Tetanus.

Ber. Akad. Wiss. St. Petersburg, 54, 96-, Tipografīi︢a Imperatorskoǐ akademīi Nauk,, 1886.

One mechanism that has been implicated in the origin of arrhythmias is the Wedensky effect. This was first described in neuromuscular studies by Wedensky as a prolonged lowered threshold of excitability induced by a strong stimulus (1886). See Castellanos, Lemberg, Johnson, Berkovits, "The Wedensky effect in the human heart," Brit. Heart. J., 28 (1966) 276-283.



Subjects: CARDIOLOGY › CARDIOVASCULAR PHYSIOLOGY › Cardiac Electrophysiology
  • 12417

A system of hygienic medicine, or the only rational way of treating disease.

London: Frederick Pitman, 1886.

"In place of orthodox medicine, he [Allinson] promoted health through diet, exercise, fresh air and bathing. He advocated a vegetarian diet and the avoidance of alcohol, tobacco, coffee and tea. He especially promoted the benefits of stone-ground wholemeal breads. He opposed the use of drugs by doctors, many of which at that time were ineffective and toxic and was a lifelong opponent of compulsory vaccination against smallpox. This approach became known as Allinsonian Medicine" (Wikipedia article on Thomas Allinson, accessed 4-2020).



Subjects: ALTERNATIVE, Complimentary & Pseudomedicine › Anti-Vaccination, Household or Self-Help Medicine, Popularization of Medicine
  • 13052

The reptiles of Sind: A systematic account, with descriptions of all the species inhabiting the province, and a table of their geographical distribution in Persia, Bloochistan, Afghanistan, Punjab, Northwest Provinces, and the Peninsula of India generally, with woodcuts, lithographs, and colored illustrations.

London & Bombay, 1886.

A re-issue with additions to date, of "Reptilian fauna" in the author's Vertebrate zoology of Sind. Digital facsimile from the Hathi Trust at this link.



Subjects: COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › Afghanistan, COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › India, COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › Iran (Persia), COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › Pakistan, ZOOLOGY › Herpetology
  • 13108

Researches on Myohaematin and the Histohaematins.

Phil. Trans., 177, 267-298, 1886.

First description of the respiratory pigment in blood, known today as Cytochrome1. Digital facsimile from the Royal Society at this link.



Subjects: HEMATOLOGY
  • 13281

On certain problems in the physiology of the blood corpuscles. I. The blood-plaque or third corpuscle; II. Degeneration and regeneration of the corpuscles; III. The relation of the corpuscles to coagulation and thrombosis. The Cartwright Lectures, delivered before the Association of Physicians and Surgeons, New York, March 23, 27, 30.

The Medical News, 48, 365-370, 393-399, 421-424, 1886.

"These important lectures, based on original research, begun in 1882 on the blood - plates of Bizzozero (haematoblasts of Hayem), established Osler's reputation as an original investigator. The aggregation of blood platelets which takes place as soon as the blood is withdrawn from the body is known as 'Osler's phenomenon' " (Golden & Roland 22).



Subjects: HEMATOLOGY
  • 833

A demonstration on man of electromotive changes accompanying the heart’s beat.

J. Physiol. (Lond.), 8, 229-34, 1887.

Waller was first to use electrodes and leads in demonstrating the action currents of the heart, avoiding the necessity of opening the chest of laboratory animals and preparing the way for present-day clinical electrocardiography. He obtained the first electrocardiogram in man.



Subjects: CARDIOLOGY › CARDIOVASCULAR PHYSIOLOGY › Cardiac Electrophysiology, CARDIOLOGY › Tests for Heart & Circulatory Function › Electrocardiography
  • 4627

Eine besondere Art der Wortblindheit.

Wiesbaden: J. F. Bergmann, 1887.

Berlin first suggested the term “dyslexia”. Digital facsimile from the Internet Archive at this link.



Subjects: PSYCHOLOGY › Cognitive Disorders
  • 1018

D’une disposition à sphincter spéciale de l’ouverture du canal cholédoque.

Arch. ital. Biol., 8, 317-22, 1887.

“Sphincter of Oddi” of the bile duct, already known to Glisson in 1654. Reprinted as a pamphlet, Perugia, 1887.



Subjects: ANATOMY › 19th Century, GASTROENTEROLOGY › Anatomy & Physiology of Digestion
  • 4678

Ueber die Aetiologie der akuten Meningitis cerebro-spinalis.

Fortschr. Med., 5, 573-83, 620-26, 1887.

Weichselbaum discovered the meningococcus, Neisseria meningitidis, causative agent of cerebrospinal meningitis.



Subjects: BACTERIOLOGY › BACTERIA (mostly pathogenic; sometimes indexed only to genus) › Gram-Negative Bacteria › Neisseria meningitidis, INFECTIOUS DISEASE › Neuroinfectious Diseases › Meningitis, NEUROLOGY › Inflammatory Conditions › Cerebrospinal Meningitis
  • 709

Ueber die Dissociation der in Wasser gelösten Stoffe.

Z. Physikal. Chem. 1, 631-48., 1887.

The electrolytic dissociation theory of Arrhenius.



Subjects: Chemistry
  • 710

Lehrbuch der physiologischen und pathologischen Chemie.

Leipzig: F. C. W. Vogel, 1887.


Subjects: BIOCHEMISTRY
  • 711

Die Rolle des osmotischen Druckes in der Analogic zwischen Lösungen und Gasen.

Z. physikal. Chem., 1, 481-508., 1887.


Subjects: Chemistry
  • 4705

On arrested cerebral development, with special reference to its cortical pathology.

J. nerv. ment. Dis., 14, 541-53, 1887.

Sachs described the cerebral changes in amaurotic familial idiocy. Earlier, Tay (No. 5918) had recorded the ocular manifestations of this condition, which became known as “Tay-Sachs’s disease”. Two further papers on the subject by Sachs are in the same journal, 1892, 17, 603-07; 1896, 21, 475-79.



Subjects: GENETICS / HEREDITY › HEREDITARY / CONGENITAL DISEASES OR DISORDERS › Inherited Metabolic Disorders › Tay-Sachs Disease, NEUROLOGY › Neurodevelopmental Disorders
  • 4784

Sur un cas de paraplégie par névrites périphériques, chez un ataxique morphiomane.

C. R. Soc. Biol. (Paris), 8 sér., 4, 137-43, Paris, 1887.

First description of peripheral neuritis, “Dejerine’s neurotabes”.



Subjects: NEUROLOGY › Neurosyphilis
  • 1368.1

Zur Geschichte der menschlichen Rückenmarkes und der Nervenwurzeln.

Abh. math.-phys. Cl. k. sächs. Ges Wiss. Leipzig, (1886), 13, 477-514., 1887.

This is generally considered the first clear statement that nerve cells in the brain might be independent units rather than forming an anastomotic network—as Gerlach, Golgi, and most others believed—although there are earlier hints of this from a variety of sources.  His’s conclusion was based on embryological observations in the spinal cord, suggesting that axons arise from nerve cell bodies (one per nerve cell), followed later by dendrites, and that any fusion of processes, if they occur at all, must be a secondary event. (Larry W. Swanson).



Subjects: ANATOMY › Neuroanatomy, EMBRYOLOGY › Neuroembryology, NEUROSCIENCE › NERVOUS SYSTEM › Spinal Cord
  • 1368.2

Einige hirnanatomische Betrachtungen und Ergebnisse.

Arch. Psychiat. Nervenkr. 18, 162-98, 1887.

Independently of His, Forel formulated the neuron theory.



Subjects: ANATOMY › Neuroanatomy, NEUROSCIENCE › NERVOUS SYSTEM › Spinal Cord
  • 1625

The health of nations: A review of the works of Edwin Chadwick, with a biographical dissertation by Benjamin Ward Richardson. 2 vols.

London: Longmans, Green & Co., 1887.

Chadwick may be said to have initiated the public health era. Largely through his efforts the Public Health Act 1848 came into existence in England. He was the greatest sanitarian of the 19th century; among other things he was responsible for the introduction of glazed earthenware pipes for drains. See also R. A. Lewis’s Edwin Chadwick and the public health movement, 1832-54, London, 1952.  Digital facsimile of the 1887 work from the Internet Archive at this link.



Subjects: BIOGRAPHY (Reference Works) › Biographies of Individuals, PUBLIC HEALTH
  • 1626

Public health reports by John Simon. Edited for the Sanitary Institute of Great Britain by Edward Seaton. 2 vols.

London: J. & A. Churchill, 1887.

Simon was the first medical officer for the City of London. Together with his English sanitary institutions, the above work played a great part in paving the way for modern reforms in the sphere of hygiene and public health. Next to Chadwick, Simon was the greatest sanitary reformer of the 19th century. See also No. 1650. Biography by R. Lambert, 1963.



Subjects: PUBLIC HEALTH
  • 1416.1

A minute analysis (experimental) of the various movements produced by stimulating in the monkey different regions of the cortical centre for the upper limb, as defined by Professor Ferrier.

Phil. Trans. B., 178, 153-68, 1887.

Beevor, physician to the National Hospital, Queen Square, London, collaborated with Horsley in an important series of investigations of the localization of cerebral function.



Subjects: NEUROSCIENCE › NERVOUS SYSTEM › Brain, including Medulla: Cerebrospinal Fluid
  • 1417

Leçons sur les fonctions motrices du cerveau.

Paris: Octave Doin, 1887.

François-Franck’s studies on the excitability of the cerebral cortex and the localization of function followed work in collaboration with Pitres; Charcot wrote the preface. See also No. 1423.



Subjects: NEUROSCIENCE › NERVOUS SYSTEM › Brain, including Medulla: Cerebrospinal Fluid
  • 1418

Ueber einen Fall von chronischer progressiver Lähmung der Augenmuskeln (Ophthalmoplegia externa) nebst Beschreibung von Ganglien-zellengruppen im Bereiche des Oculomotoriuskems.

Arch. Psychiat. Nervenkr., 18, 846-71., 1887.

“Westphal’s nucleus” – for accommodation – in the third cranial nerve. Called also “Edinger’s nucleus” (see the same journal, 1885, 16, 858-89).



Subjects: NEUROSCIENCE › NERVOUS SYSTEM › Brain, including Medulla: Cerebrospinal Fluid
  • 1883.2

Sur l’action de l’antifébrine (acétanilide) et de quelques corps analogues.

Progrès méd., 5, 43-46, 1887.

Introduction of acetanilide (antifebrin).



Subjects: PHARMACOLOGY › PHARMACEUTICALS
  • 1883.3

Ueber die Wirkung des Acetphenetidins.

Zbl. med. Wiss., 25, 145-8, 1887.

Introduction of phenacetin.



Subjects: PHARMACOLOGY › PHARMACEUTICALS
  • 145.62

The lake as a microcosm.

Bull. Sci. Assoc. Peoria, Ill., 77-87., Peoria, IL, 1887.

Forbes was the first to apply ecological principles to limnology. He emphasized population regulation and the dynamic nature of the community.



Subjects: BIOLOGY › Ecology / Environment
  • 2250.1

The treatment of burns.

Med. Rec. (N.Y.), 31, 518 (only)., 1887.

Introduction of the open or exposure method for the treatment of burns.



Subjects: Diseases Due to Physical Factors › Burns
  • 2505.1

Eine kleine Modification des Koch’schen Plattenverfahrens.

Zbl. Bakt., 1, 279-80., 1887.

Petri dish. A similar dish was described by Cornil and Babès (see No. 2501) and by Nicati and Rietsch, Arch. Physiol. norm. path., 1885, 6, 72. Petri was an assistant of Koch.



Subjects: BACTERIOLOGY › Bacteriology, Laboratory techniques in, Laboratory Medicine, MICROBIOLOGY
  • 182

Les pygmées.

Paris: J.-B. Baillière, 1887.

De Quatrefages showed that pygmies are descended from ancient races and are not, as was believed by many, a retrograde or degenerate type of negro of comparatively recent growth. English translation by Frederick Starr, 1895. Digital facsimile of the 1887 edition from the Internet Archive at this link; of the 1895 edition at this link.



Subjects: ANTHROPOLOGY, COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › Africa
  • 183

Der Bau des Menschen als Zeugniss für seine Vergangenheit.

Freiburg: J. C. B. Mohr, 1887.

English translation, London, 1893.



Subjects: ANTHROPOLOGY
  • 2791

Fibrillar contraction of the heart.

J. Physiol. (Lond.), 8, 296-310, 1887.

MacWilliam discovered that fibrillar contraction of the heart is due to “a rapid succession of incoordinated peristaltic contractions.” He clearly described auricular and ventricular fibrillation, and showed that ventricular fibrillation could be caused by the injection of certain poisons into the blood stream. His paper is included, with an account of his life, in Willius & Keys, Cardiac classics, 1941, pp. 666-678.



Subjects: CARDIOLOGY › CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE › Arrythmias, CARDIOLOGY › CARDIOVASCULAR PHYSIOLOGY
  • 3068

Ueber Purpura fulminans.

Berl. klin. Wschr., 24, 8-10., Berlin, 1887.

First description.



Subjects: HEMATOLOGY › Blood Disorders
  • 3488

Circular suture of the intestines; an experimental study.

Amer. J. med. Sci., 94, 436-61., 1887.

Halsted set down some of the fundamental rules regarding intestinal anastomosis.



Subjects: GASTROENTEROLOGY › Esophagus: Stomach: Duodenum: Intestines, SURGERY: General › Upper Gastrointestinal Surgery
  • 3489

Stuhlträgheit Neuegeborener in Folge von Dilatation und Hypertrophie des Colons.

Jb. Kinderheilk., n.F. 27, 1-7, 18871888.

Hirschsprung’s diseases (congenital megacolon).



Subjects: Colon & Rectal Diseases & Surgery, GENETICS / HEREDITY › HEREDITARY / CONGENITAL DISEASES OR DISORDERS › Hirschsprung's Disease, PEDIATRICS › Neonatology
  • 3490

Die sacrale Methode der Exstirpation von Mastdarmkrebsen und die Resectio recti.

Berl. klin. Wschr., 24, 899-904, 1887.

Kraske introduced the sacral method of resection of the rectum for carcinoma.



Subjects: Colon & Rectal Diseases & Surgery, ONCOLOGY & CANCER › Carcinoma
  • 3569

Cases of exploratory laparotomy followed by appropriate remedial operation.

Trans. Coll. Phys. Philad., 9, 183, 1887.

Thomas George Morton (1835-1903) was one of the first deliberately to operate for and remove the inflamed appendix after correct diagnosis, April 1887. The patient survived. Case reported by Woodbury.



Subjects: SURGERY: General , SURGERY: General › Appendicitis
  • 3296

Erste Heilung eines Larynx-Cancroids vermittelst Ausrottung per vias naturales.

Arch. klin. Chir., 34, 281-86, 1887.

First successful intralaryngeal extirpation of a malignant growth.



Subjects: ONCOLOGY & CANCER, OTORHINOLARYNGOLOGY (Ear, Nose, Throat) › Laryngology, SURGERY: General › Surgical Oncology
  • 3297

Zur operativen Behandlung des Empyems der Highmorshöhle.

Arch. klin. Chir., 34, 626-34, 1887.

Mikulicz’s Operation for the treatment of disease of the accessory nasal sinuses.



Subjects: OTORHINOLARYNGOLOGY (Ear, Nose, Throat) › Rhinology
  • 2579

Vorlesungen über die geschichtliche Entwickelung der Lehre von den Bacterien. Teil l.[All published].

Leipzig: F. C. W. Vogel, 1887.

Loeffler, Professor of Hygiene at Greifswald, made many discoveries in bacteriology. His history of the subject was the first and only history of bacteriology prior to the publication of Bulloch's History of bacteriology (1938). It was unfortunately left unfinished. Digital facsimile from Biodiversity Heritage Library at this link.



Subjects: BACTERIOLOGY › History of Bacteriology
  • 3597

Cure radicale des hernies.

Paris : A. Delahaye et E. Lecrosnier, 1887.


Subjects: SURGERY: General › Hernia
  • 3771

Das chronische Rückfallsfieber, eine neue Infektionskrankheit.

Berl. klin. Wschr., 24, 565-68., Berlin, 1887.


Subjects: Spleen: Lymphatics
  • 3836

Contribution à l’étude du myxoedème consécutif à l’extirpation totale ou partielle du corps thyroïde.

Rev. méd. Suisse rom., 7, 275-91, 318-30., 1887.


Subjects: ENDOCRINOLOGY › Thyroid
  • 2908

L’artério-sclérose subaiguë dans ses rapports avec les spasmes vasculaires et son traitement par la trinitrine (nitroglycérine).

Gaz. Hôp. (Paris), 60, 1034-35, 1887.

“Huchard’s disease” – continued hypertension causing arteriosclerosis. Huchard did much to develop the knowledge concerning arteriosclerosis and summarized his work in a classic monograph published in 1909.



Subjects: CARDIOLOGY › CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE › Arterial Disease, CARDIOLOGY › CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE › Hypertension (High Blood Pressure), PHARMACOLOGY › PHARMACEUTICALS › Cardiovascular Medications
  • 3885

Lieber einen Fall von Akromegalie.

Berl. klin. Wschr., 24, 371-74., Berlin, 1887.

Minkowski called attention to the constancy of pituitary enlargement on acromegaly; he was the first definitely to note this relationship.



Subjects: ENDOCRINOLOGY › Pituitary
  • 2984

Pathogenese (Histogenese und Aetiologie) der Aneurysmen einschliesslich des Aneurysma equi verminosum.

Arch. klin. Chir., 35, Suppl.-Heft, 1-563, 1887.


Subjects: CARDIOLOGY › CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE › Aneurysms
  • 4089

Ueber die Aetiologie und Therapie der Impetigo, des Furunkels und der Sykosis.

Mh. prakt. Derm. 6, 450-71, 1887.

First description of impetigo circumpilaris infantilis (“Bockhart’s impetigo”).



Subjects: DERMATOLOGY › Specific Dermatoses, PEDIATRICS
  • 4090

Ueber die normale Entwicklung und über einige Veränderungen der menschlichen Haare.

Vjschr. Derm. Syph. 14, 1049-75, 1887.

“Giovanni’s disease”. He described the developmental defect of hair follicles known as pili multigemini.



Subjects: DERMATOLOGY › Specific Dermatoses
  • 4091

Impetigo herpetiformis.

Vjschr. Derm. 14, 273-96, 1887.

Although not the first to describe this condition, Kaposi established its status.



Subjects: DERMATOLOGY › Specific Dermatoses
  • 4092

Das seborrhoische Ekzem.

Mh. prakt. Derm. 6, 827-46, 1887.

Unna’s seborrhoeic eczema.



Subjects: DERMATOLOGY › Specific Dermatoses
  • 4093

Dermatitis venenata: An account of the action of external irritants upon the skin.

Boston, MA: Cupples & Hurd, 1887.

White, a pupil of Hebra, was an outstanding personality in American dermatology; he held the first chair in that subject in the U.S.A. The eponym “White’s disease” refers to his description of keratosis follicularis in J. cutan. gen.-urin. Dis., 1889, 7, 201-09, a condition described earlier by Lutz and later by Darier.



Subjects: DERMATOLOGY, DERMATOLOGY › Specific Dermatoses, GENETICS / HEREDITY › HEREDITARY / CONGENITAL DISEASES OR DISORDERS › Congenital Skin Disorders › Keratosis Follicularis
  • 4859

Die chirurgische Behandlung von Hirnkrankheiten.

Arch f. Klin. Chirurg., 36, 759-872., Berlin, 1887.

Bergmann was the first in Germany to undertake an intensive study of the surgical aspects of brain diseases. From his experience as a military surgeon he learned that increased intracranial pressure was a consequence of brain trauma. In his book on brain injuries, Die Lehre von den Kopfverletzungen (1880), he discussed these problems in detail. In this later work on non-traumatic brain diseases Bergmann addressed unsolved problems such as blood loss and brain edema. Second edition, and first edition in book form, Berlin: A. Hirschwald, 1889. Digital facsimile of the 1889 edition from Google Books at this link.



Subjects: NEUROSURGERY
  • 3686

Notes on orthodontia, with a new system of regulation and retention.

Transactions of the International Medical Congress; Ninth Session, 5, 565-72., 1887.

The specialty of orthodontics received a new impetus with the work of Angle. He organized and classified the various abnormalities of the teeth and jaws and devised many methods of treating them. Through a series of books and pamphlets he standardized appliances, inventing the systems now widely used, with modifications.



Subjects: DENTISTRY › Orthodontics
  • 5098

Note on the discovery of a micro-organism in Malta fever.

Practitioner, 39, 161-70, 1887.

Malta fever was shown by Bruce to be due to Micrococcus (Brucella) melitensis. The disease was later named Brucellosis.



Subjects: BACTERIOLOGY › BACTERIA (mostly pathogenic; sometimes indexed only to genus), BACTERIOLOGY › BACTERIA (mostly pathogenic; sometimes indexed only to genus) › Gram-Negative Bacteria, BACTERIOLOGY › BACTERIA (mostly pathogenic; sometimes indexed only to genus) › Spirochetes › Borrelia , COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › Malta, INFECTIOUS DISEASE › Brucellosis
  • 4945

Disturbance of psychic activity in alcoholic paralysis.

Vestn. klin. Psichiat. Neurol., 4, No. 2, 1-102, 1887.

“Korsakoff’s psychosis” or syndrome – alcoholic polyneuritis with loss and falsification of memory. A second paper on the subject in Ezhened. klin. Gaz., 1889, 9, 85, 115, 136, is translated into English in Neurology, 1955, 5, 395-406.



Subjects: NEUROSCIENCE › Neuropsychology › Memory, PSYCHIATRY, PSYCHOLOGY › Cognitive Disorders, TOXICOLOGY › Alcoholism
  • 4946

Ueber die Einwirking fieberhafter Erkrankungen auf Psychosen.

Jb. Psychiat., 7, 94-134, 1887.

Wagner von Jauregg’s first studies of the effect of fevers upon psychotic conditions. See also No. 4806.



Subjects: PSYCHIATRY
  • 5186.1

O úplavici. Předběžné sđělení.

Cas. Lék. čes., 26, 70-74, 1887.

Hlava induced experimental amoebiasis in cats by intrarectal inoculation of stools. In an abstract of this paper Kartulis confused the author’s name with that of the title, a mistake copied by writers for many years; see C. Dobell, Parasitology, 1938, 30, 239-41.



Subjects: INFECTIOUS DISEASE › Amoebiasis
  • 5503

Lektsii ob ostrikh infektsionnîkh bolieznyakh u dietei. [Lectures on acute infectious diseases of children.] Vol. 2

Moscow: A. Lang, 1887.

On p. 113 is Filatov’s account of a form of rubella with a scarlatiniform rash. To this he gave the name “rubeola scarlatinosa”. (See also No. 5505.)



Subjects: INFECTIOUS DISEASE › Rubella & Allied Conditions
  • 5754.4

The deformity termed “pug nose” and its correction, by a simple operation.

Med. Rec., 31, 621-23, 1887.

Roe invented the intranasal approach for corrective rhinoplasty.



Subjects: PLASTIC & RECONSTRUCTIVE SURGERY › Rhinoplasty
  • 5931

Die ärztliche Ueberwachung der Schulen zur Verhütung der Verbreitung der Kurzsichtigkeit.

Arb VII. int Congr. Hyg. Demogr., Wien 1, Heft 12, 9-28, 18871888.

Cohn was a pioneer in his advocacy of the routine examination of the eyes of schoolchildren.



Subjects: OPHTHALMOLOGY , PEDIATRICS
  • 5932

Wörterbuch der Augenheilkunde.

Leipzig: Veit & Co., 1887.


Subjects: Dictionaries, Biomedical, OPHTHALMOLOGY
  • 5638

Zur Sublimatfrage.

Therap. Mh., 1, 41-44., 1887.

Bergmann was a pioneer in the evolution of asepsis. He gradually merged the corrosive sublimate method of antisepsis into steam sterilization of instruments and dressing material, demonstrating its superiority to chemical antisepsis. He was also an early adopter of the "white coat".



Subjects: SURGERY: General › Antisepsis / Asepsis
  • 6085

The gradual preparatory treatment of the complications of urinary and faecal fistulae in women.

Trans. int. med. Congr., Washington, 2, 514-58, 1887.

Pyelitis complicating vesical and fecal fistulae in women was successfully treated by Bozeman.



Subjects: OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › GYNECOLOGY
  • 6086

Hysterorrhaphy.

New York: W. Wood & Co., 1887.


Subjects: OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › GYNECOLOGY
  • 6087

On the method of flap-splitting in certain plastic operations.

Brit. gynaec. J., 3, 367-76; 7, 195-214, 18871888, 18911892.

Tait devised a flap-splitting operation for retocele which, with some modifications, is in use today.



Subjects: OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › GYNECOLOGY
  • 6197

Beiträge zur Anatomie und zur operativen Behandlung der Extrauterinschwangerschaft.

Stuttgart: Ferdinand Enke, 1887.


Subjects: OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › OBSTETRICS
  • 6285

Les accouchements à la cour.

Paris: G. Steinheil, 1887.

Digital facsimile from the Internet Archive at this link.



Subjects: OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › OBSTETRICS › History of Obstetrics
  • 6286

Histoire des accouchements chez tous les peuples.

Paris: G.Steinheil, 1887.

182-page appendix: "L'arsenal obstétrical", containing numerous illustrations of instruments, at end. Digital facsimile from the Internet Archive at this link.



Subjects: ANTHROPOLOGY › Medical Anthropology, INSTRUMENTS & TECHNOLOGIES › Medical Instruments, OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › OBSTETRICS › History of Obstetrics
  • 6342

The intestinal diseases of infancy and childhood.

Detroit, MI: G. S. Davis, 1887.

Jacobi was the first in the United States to specialize in the practice and of pediatrics, and in 1862 founded the first pediatric clinic in the U.S., in New York. He wrote extensively on pediatrics.



Subjects: PEDIATRICS
  • 6605

Les démoniaques dans l’art.

Paris: A. Delahaye & E. Lecrosnier, 1887.

Charcot was a talented artist; he collaborated with Richer, artist at La Salpêtrière, in the production of interesting books on disease and deformity, and aspects of medicine and art.



Subjects: ART & Medicine & Biology
  • 1883.1

Ephedrin.

Pharm. Ztg., 32, 700, 1887.

Isolation of ephedrine from Ephedra distachya.



Subjects: PHARMACOLOGY › PHARMACEUTICALS › Botanic Sources of Single Component Drugs › Ephedrine
  • 7796

Die psychischen Störungen des Kindesalters. IN: Carl Gerhardt's Handbuch der Kinderkrankheiten, Nachtrag II.

Tübingen: H. Laupp, 1887.

The first systematic monograph on child psychiatry. Digital facsimile from the Hathi Trust at this link.



Subjects: PSYCHIATRY › Child Psychiatry
  • 7917

Über einige Derivate der Phenylmethacrylsäure und der Phenylisobuttersäure.

Berlin: Preuss, 1887.

Synthesis of phenylisopropylamine, later known as amphetamine. Its stimulant effects were unknown until it was independently resynthesized by Gordon Alles.  

 



Subjects: PSYCHIATRY › Psychopharmacology › Amphetamine
  • 8716

American medicinal plants; an illustrated and descriptive guide to the American plants used as homoeopathic remedies: Their history, preparation, chemistry and physiological effects. Illustrated by the author.

New York & Philadelphia: Boericke & Tafel, 1887.

Plates printed by chromolithography. Digital facsimile from the Internet Archive at this link.



Subjects: ALTERNATIVE, Complimentary & Pseudomedicine › Homeopathy, COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › United States (See also state listings under U.S.), PHARMACOLOGY › PHARMACEUTICALS › Materia medica / Herbals / Herbal Medicines
  • 8849

Apuntes par la historia de la medicina, cirurgía y obstetricia, en Michoacán desde los tiempos pre-Colombianos, hasta et año 1875.

Michoacán, Mexico: Morelia, 1887.


Subjects: COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › Mexico, Latin American Medicine › History of Latin American Medicine, Pre-Columbian Medicine, History of
  • 9121

Ten days in a mad-house.

New York: Ian L. Munro, 1887.

By newspaper reporter Nellie Bly, this book was initially published as a series of articles for the New York World newspaper. The book collected Bly's reportage while on an undercover assignment in which she feigned insanity at a women's boarding house, so as to be involuntarily committed to an insane asylum. She then investigated the reports of brutality and neglect at the Women's Lunatic Asylum on Blackwell's Island.  "The book's graphic depiction of conditions at the asylum caused a sensation which brought Bly lasting fame and prompted a grand jury to launch its own investigation with Bly assisting. The jury's report resulted in an $850,000 increase in the budget of the Department of Public Charities and Corrections. The grand jury also made sure that future examinations were more thorough so that only the seriously ill went to the asylum" (Wikipedia). The text and illustrations are available from digital.library.upenn.edu at this link.



Subjects: PSYCHIATRY, Popularization of Medicine, WOMEN, Publications by › Years 1800 - 1899
  • 9551

The student's manual and handbook for the dental laboratory. To which is appended Dr. E.H. Angle's system of appliances for correcting irregularities.

Philadelphia: The Wilmington Dental Mfg. Co., 1887.

Angle's chapter, "The Angle system of regulation and retention of teeth," represented the first edition of what was later separately published as Angle's textbook on orthodontics with the same title. This chapter reappeared in the second edition of Haskell's manual (1890). The first separate edition of Angle's work was a revised and enlarged version of what originated as the chapter, issued in 1892. That separate edition was identified as the third edition.



Subjects: DENTISTRY › Orthodontics
  • 9623

Orificial surgery and its application to the treatment of chronic diseases.

Chicago, IL: W. T. Keener, 1887.

Pratt's bizarre orificial surgery emerged from the the practice of homeopathy. Digital facsimile from the Internet Archive at this link.



Subjects: ALTERNATIVE, Complimentary & Pseudomedicine, ALTERNATIVE, Complimentary & Pseudomedicine › Homeopathy, SURGERY: General
  • 9964

Euthanasia; or, medical treatment in aid of an easy death.

London: Longmans, Green & Co., 1887.

Digital facsimile from the Internet Archive at this link.



Subjects: DEATH & DYING › Euthanasia
  • 10596

Photography of bacteria. Illustrated with eight-six photographs reproduced in autotype.

London: H. K. Lewis & New York: J. H. Vail & Co., 1887.

The first book entirely devoted to the photography of bacteria. Digital facsimile from Google Books at this link.



Subjects: BACTERIOLOGY, IMAGING › Photography / Photomicrography
  • 11494

Militärmedicin: kurze Darstellung des gesamten Militär-Sanitätswesens. (Band 13 von Wreden’s Sammlung kurzer medizinischer Lehrbücher).

Braunschweig: Friedrich Wreden, 1887.

Digital facsimile from Google Books at this link.



Subjects: MILITARY MEDICINE & HYGIENE
  • 11606

Catalogue of books in the medical and biological libraries at University College, London. With an appendix.

London: Taylor and Francis, 1887.

Digital facsimile from Google Books at this link.



Subjects: BIBLIOGRAPHY › Catalogues of Institutional Medical Libraries
  • 11756

The agricultural pests of India, and of eastern and southern Asia, vegetable and animal, injurious to man and his products.

London: Bernard Quaritch , 1887.

Digital facsimile from the Internet Archive at this link.



Subjects: Agriculture / Horticulture, COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › India, ZOOLOGY › Arthropoda › Entomology
  • 12039

Hydrophobia: An account of M. Pasteur's system containing a translation of all his communications on the subject, the technique of his method, and the latest statistical results. By Renaud Suzor.

London: Chatto & Windus, 1887.

The author, qualified M.D. in both Edinburgh and Paris,  characterized himself on the title page of this work as "Commissioned by the Government of the Colony of Mauritius to study M. Pasteur's new treatment in Paris."  Digital facsimile from Google Books at this link.



Subjects: IMMUNOLOGY › Immunization, INFECTIOUS DISEASE › Animal Bite Wound Infections › Rabies
  • 12295

Sphygmographische Untersuchungen an Geisteskranken.

Jena: Gustav Fischer, 1887.

Ziehen, a student of Hermann Munk, wrote his habiltation thesis on sphygmographic studies of psychiatric patients. This was the first monograph on the subject.



Subjects: Neurophysiology, PSYCHIATRY
  • 13053

The avifauna of British India and its dependencies. A systematic account, with descriptions of all the known species of birds inhabiting British India, observations on their habits, nidification, &c., tables of their geographical distribution in Persia, Beloochistan, Afghanistan, Sind, Punjab, N.W. Provinces, and the peninsula of India generally, with woodcuts, lithographs, and coloured illustrations. 2 vols.

London: Trübner & Co. & Bombay: Education Society's Press, Byculla, 18871890.

Digital facsimile from Biodiversity Heritage Library at this link.



Subjects: COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › Afghanistan, COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › India, COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › Iran (Persia), COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › Pakistan, ZOOLOGY › Ornithology
  • 13259

Meine Wasser-Kur, durch mehr als 30 Jahre erprobt und geschrieben zur Heilung der Krankheiten und Erhaltung der Gesundheit.

Kempten, Germany: Kösel, 1887.

Kneipp was a Bavarian priest and not a physician. He learned about hydrotherapy and other methods of treatment later called naturopathic during the time he suffered from tuberculosis. 

Digital facsimile of the 1889 10th edition from the Internet Archive at this link. Translated into Englishfrom the 36th German edition as My water-cure, as tested through more than thirty years and described for the healing of diseases and the preservation of health. Edinburgh: William Blackwood and Sons, 1891. Digital facsimile of the 6th edition of the translation from the Internet Archive at this link.



Subjects: ALTERNATIVE, Complimentary & Pseudomedicine › Naturopathy, THERAPEUTICS › Hydrotherapy
  • 344

Mémoires sur le cerveau de l’homme et des primates publiés avec un introduction et des notes par Le docteur S. Pozzi.

Paris: C. Reinwald, 1888.

Digital facsimile from the Biodiversity Heritage Library at this link.



Subjects: ANATOMY › Neuroanatomy, COMPARATIVE ANATOMY, ZOOLOGY › Mammalogy › Primatology
  • 4574

Intracranial tumours.

Edinburgh: Young J. Pentland, 1888.


Subjects: NEUROLOGY › Brain & Spinal Tumors, ONCOLOGY & CANCER
  • 4706

Ueber die Diagnose der Syringomyelie.

Prag. med. Wschr. 13, 45, 63, 1888.

First complete description of syringomyelia.



Subjects: NEUROLOGY › Degenerative Disorders
  • 4753

An atypical case of Thomsen’s disease (myotonia congenita).

Med. Rec. (N.Y.), 33, 433-35, 1888.

Dana described a combination of myotonia and muscular atrophy.



Subjects: NEUROLOGY › Myopathies
  • 505

Beiträge zur Entwickelungsmechanik des Embryo. Ueber die künstliche Hervorbringung halber Embryonen durch Zerstörung einer der beiden ersten Furchungskugeln, sowie über die Nachentwickelung (Postgeneration) der fehlenden Körperhalfte.

Virchows Arch. path. Anat., 114, 113-53, 246-91., 1888.

Roux is regarded as the founder of developmental mechanics (“Entwicklungsmechanik” as he named it). His work on the production of half-embryos initiated a turning point by shifting emphasis from descriptive to experimental embryology. Roux believed that the above work showed that the nucleus of each blastomere is capable of directing a specific independent line of differentiation. He eventually concluded that the nucleus is made up of hereditary particles. Partial English translation in No. 534.3.



Subjects: EMBRYOLOGY
  • 712

Ptomaines and leucomaines, or the putrefactive and physiological alkaloids.

Philadelphia: Lea Brothers & Co., 1888.


Subjects: BIOCHEMISTRY
  • 1884

Sulfonal, ein neues Schlafmittel.

2 Berl. klin. Wschr., 25, 309-14, Berlin, 1888.

Introduction of sulphonal, previously discovered by Baumann.



Subjects: PHARMACOLOGY › Psychopharmacology
  • 1521

Kort öfversigt af läran om lokalisationen i hjernbarken.

Upsala LäkFören. Förh. 27, 507-25, 601-12., 1888.

Discovery of the cortical visual center.



Subjects: Neurophysiology, OPHTHALMOLOGY › Physiology of Vision
  • 2620.2

Demonstration der durch Impfung von Hund auf Hund erzeugten Carcinomknötchen.

Verh. dtsch. Ges. Chir.17, 52-53, 1888.

A tumor transplant from dog to dog was reported by Wehr.



Subjects: ONCOLOGY & CANCER, TRANSPLANTATION
  • 2506

Ueber die Fleischvergiftung in Frankenhausen. a.K. und den Erreger derselben.

Korrespbl. ärztl Ver. Thüringen, 17, 573-600, 1888.

Discovery of Salmonella enteritidis, a cause of food poisoning.



Subjects: BACTERIOLOGY › BACTERIA (mostly pathogenic; sometimes indexed only to genus) › Gram-Negative Bacteria › Salmonella, INFECTIOUS DISEASE › Food-Borne Diseases, INFECTIOUS DISEASE › Salmonellosis, MICROBIOLOGY, TOXICOLOGY
  • 2792

Contribution à l’anatomie pathologique de la maladie bleu (cyanose cardiaque).

Marseille méd, 25, 77-93, 138-58, 207-23, 270-86, 341-54, 403-20., 1888.

The “tetralogy of Fallot.” He gave an important, but not the first, account of this condition (see Nos. 2726.1 & 2761). Abstract translation in Willius & Keys, Cardiac classics, 1941, pp. 689-90.



Subjects: CARDIOLOGY › Congenital Heart Defects, GENETICS / HEREDITY › HEREDITARY / CONGENITAL DISEASES OR DISORDERS › Congenital Heart Defects
  • 2793

Remarks on failure of the heart from overstrain.

Brit. med. J., 2,1321- 26, 1888.

Important experimental work on cardiac overstrain was carried out by Roy and Adami who considered that mechanical overstrain caused chronic thickening of the cardiac valves.



Subjects: CARDIOLOGY › CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE › Heart Failure, CARDIOLOGY › CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE › Heart Valve Disease
  • 2794

The murmur of high-pressure in the pulmonary artery.

Med. Chron. (Manch.), 9, 182-88, 18881889.

First description of the pulmonary diastolic murmur – the “Graham Steell murmur.” Reproduced in Willius & Keys, Cardiac Classics, 1941, pp. 680-85.



Subjects: CARDIOLOGY › CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE › Arterial Disease, CARDIOLOGY › Tests for Heart & Circulatory Function › Auscultation and Physical Diagnosis
  • 2542

Experimente über die bacterienfeindlichen Einflüsse des thierischen Körpers.

Z. Hyg. InfektKr. 4, 353-94, 1888.

Working with the defibrinated blood of certain animals, Nuttall was the first to describe the bactericidal action of blood. Abridged English translation in Bibel, Milestones in immunology (1988).



Subjects: BACTERIOLOGY, HEMATOLOGY, IMMUNOLOGY
  • 3489.1

Fälle von angeborener Pylorusstenose, beobachtet bei Säuglingen.

Jb. Kinderheilk., 28, 61-68, 1888.

Hirschsprung first made the medical world aware of congenital hypertrophic pyloric stenosis as a distinct clinical entity. In this paper he made no suggestions concerning therapy.



Subjects: GASTROENTEROLOGY › Esophagus: Stomach: Duodenum: Intestines, GENETICS / HEREDITY › HEREDITARY / CONGENITAL DISEASES OR DISORDERS › Pyloric Stenosis, PEDIATRICS
  • 3491

On the coeliac affection.

St. Barth. Hosp. Rep., 24, 17-20., 1888.

Coeliac disease (non-tropical sprue, idiopathic steatorrhoea) was first described by Gee. Later Thaysen (No. 3550) studied the disease, which acquired the eponym “Gee-Thaysen disease”.



Subjects: GASTROENTEROLOGY › Diseases of the Digestive System, GASTROENTEROLOGY › Esophagus: Stomach: Duodenum: Intestines
  • 3492

Zur Technik der Kolotomie.

Zbl. Chir., 15, 433-39, 1888.

First successful colostomy.



Subjects: Colon & Rectal Diseases & Surgery
  • 3492.1

Des polyadénomes gastriques et de leurs rapports avec le cancer de l’estomac.

Arch. Physiol. norm. path., 20, 32-55, 236-62., 1888.

“Menetrier’s disease” – giant hypertrophic gastritis.



Subjects: GASTROENTEROLOGY › Diseases of the Digestive System
  • 3493

Zur operativen Behandlung des Prolapsus recti et coli invaginati.

Verh, dtsch. Ges. Chir., 17, 294-317., 1888.

Description of Mikulicz’s important operation for complete prolapse of the rectum.



Subjects: Colon & Rectal Diseases & Surgery
  • 3494

Rectal insufflation of hydrogen gas an infallible test in the diagnosis of visceral injury of the gastro-intestinal canal in penetrating wounds of the abdomen.

J. Amer. med. Assoc., 10, 767-77., 1888.

Senn’s method of detecting intestinal perforation by insufflation with hydrogen.



Subjects: GASTROENTEROLOGY › Esophagus: Stomach: Duodenum: Intestines, SURGERY: General › Upper Gastrointestinal Surgery
  • 3129

Ueber einen Fall von Anämie mit Bemerkungen über regenerative Veränderungen des Knochenmarks.

Charité-Ann., 13, 300-09., 1888.

Ehrlich was first to distinguish the aplastic type of anemia.



Subjects: HEMATOLOGY › Anemia & Chlorosis
  • 3630

Contribution à l’étude clinique et anatomo-pathologique du cancer primitif du pancréas.

Rev. Méd., 8, 257-82, 363-405, 1888.

“Bard-Pic syndrome” first described.



Subjects: HEPATOLOGY › Diseases of the Gallbladder, Biliary Tract, & Pancreas, ONCOLOGY & CANCER
  • 3631

Ueber den zungenförmigen Fortsatz des rechten Leberlappens und seine pathognostiche Bedeutung für die Erkrankung der Gallenblase nebst Bemerkungen über Gallensteinoperationen.

Berl. klin. Wschr., 25, 577-81, 602-07., 1888.

“Riedel’s lobe”, a form of constriction lobe of the liver.



Subjects: HEPATOLOGY › Diseases of the Gallbladder, Biliary Tract, & Pancreas, HEPATOLOGY › Diseases of the Liver
  • 3917

A subcutaneous connective tissue dystrophy of the arms and back, associated with symptoms resembling myxoedema.

Univ. med. Mag. (Philad.), 1, 140-50., Philadelphia, 18881889.

First description of adiposis dolorosa (“Dercum’s disease”).



Subjects: Metabolism & Metabolic Disorders
  • 3998

Diseases of the skin.

London: H. K. Lewis, 1888.


Subjects: DERMATOLOGY
  • 3390

Education of deaf-mutes. A manual for teachers.

London: Wertheimer, Lea & Co, 1888.

Includes a history of the subject. Digital facsimile from the Internet Archive at this link.



Subjects: OTOLOGY › Deaf-Mute Education
  • 3391

Krankenvorstellung: Geheilter Hirnabscess.

Berl. klin. Wschr., 25, 1054-56, 1888.

Radical mastoidectomy. (See No. 3392.)



Subjects: OTOLOGY › Otologic Surgery & Procedures
  • 2985

Traumatic aneurism of the left brachial artery. Failure of direct and indirect pressure; ligation of the artery immediately above tumor; return of pulsation on the tenth day; ligation immediately below tumor; failure to arrest pulsation; incision and partial excision of sac; recovery.

Med. News (Phila.), 53, 462-66, 1888.

First aneurysmorrhaphy, April 6, 1888. See also Trans. Amer. surg.Ass.,1902, 20,396-434.



Subjects: CARDIOLOGY › CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE › Aneurysms, VASCULAR SURGERY
  • 4262.1

On supra-pubic prostatectomy, with three cases in which the operation was successfully performed for chronic prostatic hypertrophy.

Trans. clin. Soc. Lond., 21, 52-57., London, 1888.

McGill pioneered the operation of suprapubic prostatectomy, first performed by him in March 1887.



Subjects: UROLOGY › Prostate
  • 4094

Folliculite épilante décalvante.

Réunions clin. Hôp. St. Louis, C. R. (Paris), 9, 17, 18881889.

Folliculitis decalvans of Quinquaud first described. At about the same time, P. A. Robert described it independently in his thesis, Paris, 1889.



Subjects: DERMATOLOGY › Specific Dermatoses
  • 4860

A case of tumour of the spinal cord. Removal; recovery.

Med.-chir. Trans., 71, 377-430, 1888.

Horsley was the founder of neurosurgery in England. The above paper records the first successful operation for the removal of an extramedullary tumor of the spinal cord.



Subjects: NEUROSURGERY › Oncological
  • 4350

Ueber freie Körper in den Gelenken.

Dtsch. Z. Chir., 27, 90-109, 1888.

König of Göttingen was the first to use the term “osteochondritis dissecans”.



Subjects: ORTHOPEDICS › Diseases of or Injuries to Bones, Joints & Skeleton
  • 5033

Untersuchungen über Typhus abdominalis.

Münch med. Wschr., 35, 315-18, 1888.

Salmonella typhi first demonstrated in the gall-bladder in cases of typhoid.



Subjects: INFECTIOUS DISEASE › Salmonellosis, INFECTIOUS DISEASE › Salmonellosis › Typhoid Fever
  • 5034

De l’immunité contre le virus de la fièvre typhoöde conférée par des substances solubles.

Ann. Inst. Pasteur, 2, 54-59, 1888.

Experimental antityphoid inoculation.



Subjects: IMMUNOLOGY › Immunization, INFECTIOUS DISEASE › Salmonellosis › Typhoid Fever
  • 5059

Contribution a l’étude de la diphtérie.

Ann. Inst. Pasteur, 2, 629-61; 3, 273-88; 4, 385-426, Paris, 18881889, 1890.

Confirmation of the work of Loeffler and demonstration of the exotoxin. This work is the starting point of the development of an immunizing serum.



Subjects: IMMUNOLOGY › Immunization, INFECTIOUS DISEASE › Diphtheria
  • 5090.1

Sur les microbes de la dysentérie épidémique.

Bull. Acad. Méd. (Paris), 19, 522-29, 1888.

The dysentery bacillus was isolated by Chantemesse and Widal, although they failed to establish its etiological relationship to the disease.



Subjects: BACTERIOLOGY › BACTERIA (mostly pathogenic; sometimes indexed only to genus) › Gram-Negative Bacteria › Shigella , INFECTIOUS DISEASE › Bacillary Dysentery
  • 4183

Leçons cliniques sur les affections chirurgicales de la vessie et de la prostate.

Paris: J.-B. Baillière, 1888.

Guyon was Professor of genitourinary surgery at Paris, and a great teacher (see also No. 4177).



Subjects: UROLOGY
  • 4221

Chronic pyelitis, successfully treated by kolpo-uretero-cystotomy.

Amer. J. med. Sci., 95, 255-65, 368-76, 1888.

Bozeman treated vesical and fecal fistulae in women, dealing with the complication of pyelitis by catheterization of the ureter through a vesicovaginal opening.



Subjects: NEPHROLOGY › Renal Disease › Kidney Surgery, UROLOGY
  • 5512.1

Note sur la maladie des boeufs de la Guadeloupe, connue sous le nom de farcin.

Ann. Inst. Pasteur, 2, 293-302, 1888.

The first pathogenic aerobic actinomycete to be described. It was later named Nocardia farcinica and is probably identical with N. asteroides.



Subjects: BACTERIOLOGY › BACTERIA (mostly pathogenic; sometimes indexed only to genus) › Gram-Negative Bacteria › Actinomyces, COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › Caribbean, VETERINARY MEDICINE
  • 4996

Der Hypnotismus und die suggestive Psychotherapie.

Stuttgart: Ferdinand Enke, 1888.


Subjects: PSYCHOTHERAPY › Hypnosis
  • 5323

Note on the occurrence of a minute blood-spirillum in an Indian rat.

Sci. Mem. med. Off. Army India, (1887), 3, 45-48, 1888.

Demonstration of Spirillum minus, later shown to be a cause of rat-bite fever. (See also No. 5327).



Subjects: BACTERIOLOGY, COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › India, INFECTIOUS DISEASE › Animal Bite Wound Infections › Rat-Bite Fever
  • 5933

Eine neue Methode der Hornhauttransplantation.

v. Graefes Arch. Ophthal., 34, 1 Abt., 108-30, 1888.

Modern keratoplasty is based on the technique introduced by von Hippel.



Subjects: OPHTHALMOLOGY , OPHTHALMOLOGY › Ocular Surgery & Procedures › Corneal Transplant, TRANSPLANTATION
  • 5619.1

Eine einfache Methode zurErzielung sicherer Asepsis.

CorrespBl. scbweiz. Aerzte, 18, 3-20., 1888.

Kocher introduced silk sutures.



Subjects: SURGERY: General
  • 6198

De l’accouchement provoqué; dilatation du canal génital (col de l’utérus, vagin et vulve) à l’aide de ballons introduits dans la cavité utérine pendant la grossesse.

Ann. Gynéc. Obstet., 30, 401-38., 1888.

The “Champetier de Ribes bag”.



Subjects: OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › OBSTETRICS
  • 6199

Lectures on ectopic pregnancy and pelvic haematocele.

Birmingham, England: Journal Printing Works, 1888.


Subjects: OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › OBSTETRICS
  • 5211

Die Blenorrhöe der Sexualorgane und ihre Complicationen.

Leipzig & Vienna: Franz Deuticke, 1888.


Subjects: INFECTIOUS DISEASE › SEXUALLY TRANSMITTED DISEASES, INFECTIOUS DISEASE › SEXUALLY TRANSMITTED DISEASES › Gonorrhoea & Trichomonas Infection
  • 231.1

Zellen-Studien.

Jena Z. Naturw., 22, 685-882., 1888.

Boveri gave decisive proof of the maintenance of chromosomal individuality.



Subjects: BIOLOGY › Cell Biology, GENETICS / HEREDITY
  • 4573

Sur une affection caractérisée par de l’astasie et de l’abasie.

Arch. Neurol. (Paris), 15, 24-51, 187-211., Paris, 1888.

Blocq’s disease” – astasia–abasia.



Subjects: NEUROLOGY › Diseases of the Nervous System
  • 4575

NOUVELLE Iconographie de la Salpêtriere. 28 vols.

Paris, 18881918.

Henry Meige, Richer, and other pupils of Charcot published many valuable studies of the constitutional aspects of nervous diseases in the above work, a series unique in the history of medicine and of great value for the study of nervous diseases. This journal was the successor to Charcot's Iconographie de la Salpêtriere, No. 4558.1. Digital facsimile of vols. 2-27 from the Hathi Trust at this link.



Subjects: IMAGING › Photography / Photomicrography , Illustration, Biomedical, NEUROLOGY › Diseases of the Nervous System, PSYCHIATRY
  • 7334

Estructura de los centros nerviosos de las aves.

Revista Trimestral de Histología Normal y Patológica I, 1-10, 1888.

"The foundational article of modern cellular neuroscience. . . . this is where Cajal first demonstrated with the Golgi method how neurons interact by contact not continuity in the adult central nervous system—in this case the avian cerebellum, and more specifically between  'basket cell' axons and Purkinje cell bodies. Over the course of the next decade he went on to show how this principle of interaction, the 'neuron doctrine' applies throughout the vertebrate (and invertebrate) nervous system, championing the idea that the nervous system is not a reticulum, but instead individual units or neurons interact by way of articulations, or as Sherrington soon called them, “synapses”. In doing this he displayed a combination of technical, observational, synthetic, and artistic genius never matched in neurohistology....Major discoveries contained in this brief paper include, a) dendritic spines (on Purkinje cells), b) the descending fringes (later called basket endings) of stellate cells in the molecular layer, which he interpreted as axons ending on (and not anastomosing with) Purkinje cells, the first clear evidence in the adult brain of what came to be known as the neuron doctrine, and leading him to hypothesize that “each element [nerve cell] is an absolutely autonomous canton”, and c) the ascending mossy fiber input to the cerebellum (Larry W. Swanson).



Subjects: ANATOMY › Neuroanatomy, Neurophysiology
  • 8746

The medical profession in the United Kingdom.

Dublin: Fannin & Co. & London: Longmans, Green & Co., 1888.

(1200pp.) This is the greatly expanded edition of the book first published with the same title nine years earlier. "His most important and voluminous writings were the two Carmichael Prize essays of the Royal College of Surgeons in Ireland, the one published in 1879 and the other in 1888. The subject of both was same, namely 'The Medical Profession,' and they dealt with the history of the profession from the earliest times until the date of publication. They form perhaps the only complete account of the history, development, character, and laws relating to the medical profession in existence, and the essay bearing the date 1887 is characterized by the most extreme historical and verbal accuracy" (The Lancet, May 15, 1887, pp. 1380-1381.)



Subjects: COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › England (United Kingdom), Education, Biomedical, & Biomedical Profession
  • 8996

My story of the war: The Civil War memories of the famous nurse, relief organizer and suffragette.

Hartford, CT: A. D. Worthington & Company, 1888.


Subjects: American (U.S.) CIVIL WAR MEDICINE, NURSING, WOMEN in Medicine & the Life Sciences, Publications About, WOMEN, Publications by › Years 1800 - 1899
  • 9328

Untersuchungen zur Morphologie und Systematik der Vögel, zugleich ein Beitrag zur Anatomie der Stütz- und Bewegungsorgane. 2 vols.

Amsterdam: T. J. van Holkema, 1888.

Fürbringer specialized in avian morphology and classification; he undertook the first major phylogenetic ordering of bird groups based on a large scale study of skeletal, morphological and anatomical characteristics. Digital facsimile of the 2 vols. from the Biodiversity Heritage Library at this link.



Subjects: COMPARATIVE ANATOMY, ZOOLOGY › Ornithology
  • 9533

Rectal and anal surgery, with a description of the secret methods of the itinerants.

Chicago, IL: W. T. Keener, 1888.

The authors were father and son. An unusual feature of this work was its critical analysis of the methods used by itinerant or untrained practitioners. Digital facsimile from the Hathi Trust at this link.



Subjects: COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › United States (See also state listings under U.S.), COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › United States (See also state listings under U.S.) › American Midwest, Colon & Rectal Diseases & Surgery
  • 9754

Medical museums, with special reference to the Army Medical Museum at Washington. The president's address delivered before the Congress of American Physicians and Surgeons, September 20, 1888.

The Medical News, 53, 309-316., 1888.

An historical and comparative study promoting the value of medical museums. Digital facsimile from Google Books at this link.



Subjects: MUSEUMS › History of Museums, MUSEUMS › Medical, Anatomical & Pathological
  • 11271

Hereditary angio-neurotic oedema.

Am. J. med. Sci., 95, 362-67, 1888.

Osler was the first in the English-speaking world to describe what is now called hereditary angioedema. In this paper he presented "an interesting study of the heredity of a case, with a genealogical table" (Golden & Roland).



Subjects: GENETICS / HEREDITY › HEREDITARY / CONGENITAL DISEASES OR DISORDERS › Hereditary Angioedema
  • 11676

Physiologie des exercices du corps.

Paris: Félix Alcan, 1888.

Digital facsimile of the revised and expanded 2nd edition, 1889, from BnFGallica at this link.



Subjects: PHYSICAL MEDICINE / REHABILITATION › Exercise / Training / Fitness
  • 13059

Poëme sur la grande peste de 1348. Publié d'après le manuscrit de la Bibliothèque du Palais Saint-Pierre par Georges Geigue.

Lyon: Henri Georg, 1888.

The book indicates that 175 copies were printed "sur papier de Hollande." The editor describes himself as the archivist of the city of Lyon. Digital facsimile from Google Books at this link.



Subjects: EPIDEMIOLOGY › Pandemics › Plague, LITERATURE / Philosophy & Medicine & Biology › Poetry , MEDIEVAL MEDICINE › France
  • 13173

L'Enseignement et l'organisation de l'art dentaire aux États-Unis. Rapport adresse à Monsieur le Ministre de l'Instruction publique.

Paris: Octave Doin, 1888.

The first study of the American dental profession, and the system of teaching dentistry in the United States.



Subjects: COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › United States (See also state listings under U.S.) › American Midwest, DENTISTRY, Education, Biomedical, & Biomedical Profession
  • 947

On the regulation of respiration.

J. Physiol. (Lond.), 10, 1-70, 279-90, 1889.

Demonstration of the action of the vagus in respiration.



Subjects: RESPIRATION
  • 362

Die Anatomie des Heinrich von Mondeville. Nach einer Handschrift der Königlichen Bibliothek zu Berlin von Jahre 1304 zum ersten Male herausgegeben von J. Pagel.

Berlin: G. Reimer, 1889.

Mondeville was the first teacher known to have lectured with the aid of illustrations, using 13 charts of human anatomy. He lectured at Montpellier. Digital facsimile from the Medical Heritage Library, Internet Archive at this link.



Subjects: ANATOMY › Anatomical Illustration, ANATOMY › Medieval Anatomy (6th to 15th Centuries), BIBLIOGRAPHY › Manuscripts & Philology, MEDIEVAL MEDICINE , MEDIEVAL MEDICINE › France
  • 4576

Tremblement avec paralysie croisée du moteur oculaire commun.

Bull. méd. (Paris), 3, 547-48, Paris, 1889.

“Benedikt’s syndrome”–paralysis of the oculomotor nerve on one side with intensive trembling of the other side. English translation in Wolf, The classical brain stem syndromes, Springfield, Charles CThomas, 1971.



Subjects: NEUROLOGY › Diseases of the Nervous System, OPHTHALMOLOGY › Neuro-ophthalmology
  • 1013

Fisiologia del digiuni.

Florence: Sucessori Le Monnier, 1889.

Luciani distinguished three stages of starvation in man – hunger, physiological inanition, and pathological inanition. Digital facsimile from Google Books at this link.



Subjects: GASTROENTEROLOGY › Anatomy & Physiology of Digestion, NUTRITION / DIET, PHYSIOLOGY
  • 713

Ueber Nucleinsäuren.

Arch. Anat. Physiol., Physiol. Abt., 524-36., 1889.

Atlmann coined the term "nucleic acid", replacing Friedrich Miescher's term "nuclein" when it was demonstrated that nuclein was acidic.

 



Subjects: BIOLOGY › MOLECULAR BIOLOGY, BIOLOGY › MOLECULAR BIOLOGY › Nucleic Acids
  • 714

Fixation de l’azote par la terre végétale nue ou avec le concours des légumineuses.

Rev. sci. (Paris), 43, 450-54., 1889.

Berthelot showed that bacteria acting in clay soils are able to fix nitrogen.



Subjects: BIOCHEMISTRY, BIOLOGY › Ecology / Environment
  • 428

Traité d’anatomie humaine. 3 vols.

Paris: Octave Doin, 18891892.

7th edition, 1921-23.



Subjects: ANATOMY › 19th Century
  • 1329.1

On the local paralysis of peripheral ganglia, and on the connexion of different classes of nerve fibres with them.

Proc. roy. Soc. 46, 423-31, 1889.

Langley and Dickinson studied the effect of nicotine on nerve fibers, and were able by this means to make a thorough investigation of the distribution of nerve fibers.



Subjects: NEUROSCIENCE › NERVOUS SYSTEM › Peripheral Autonomic Nervous System, Neurophysiology
  • 506

Uterus and embryo.

J. Morph., 2, 341-462., 1889.


Subjects: EMBRYOLOGY
  • 4785

Sur l’atrophie musculaire des ataxiques.

Paris: Félix Alcan, 1889.

Dejerine ranks high in French neurology. He became clinical chief at the Salpêtrière. He separated peripheral from medullary tabes, wrote on the tabetic muscular atrophies, on the parietal lobe syndrome, and made many other contributions to neurological literature.



Subjects: NEUROLOGY › Neurosyphilis
  • 1177

Expérience démontrant la puissance dynamogénique chez l’homme d’un liquide extrait de testicules d’animaux.

Arch. Physiol. norm. path., 5 sér., 1, 651-58, 1889.

Brown-Séquard injected into himself a testicular extract in order to bring about rejuvenation. He reported much benefit but his advocacy of this method evoked scepticism and criticism, although it stimulated research on internal secretion, being perhaps the first employment of “male sex hormone”. Further papers on this subject were published by Brown-Séquard in the same journal, 1889, 5 sér., 1, 739-46; 1890, 2, 201-08, 443-57, 641-48; and 1891, 3, 747-61.



Subjects: Ductless Glands: Internal Secretion › Gonads: Sex Hormones
  • 1419

A record of experiments upon the functions of the cerebral cortex.

Phil. Trans. B, (1888), 179, 1-45, 1889.

A detailed analysis, by means of faradic stimulation, of the motor responses of the cerebral cortex, internal capsule, and spinal cord of higher primates.



Subjects: NEUROSCIENCE › NERVOUS SYSTEM › Brain, including Medulla: Cerebrospinal Fluid, NEUROSCIENCE › NERVOUS SYSTEM › Spinal Cord, PHYSIOLOGY › Electrophysiology
  • 1419.1

Laboratory notes of technical methods for the nervous system.

N.Y. med. J., 1, 57-60., 1889.

Van Gieson’s acid fuchsin and picric acid stain for nerve tissue.



Subjects: NEUROSCIENCE › NERVOUS SYSTEM › Brain, including Medulla: Cerebrospinal Fluid
  • 2036

Aus pharmazeutischer Vorzeit in Bild und Wort. 2 vols.

Berlin: Julius Springer, 18891891.

Digital facsimile of the 1889 edition from the Internet Archive at this link. Translated into English by William Netter as Pictorial history of ancient pharmacy; with sketches of early medical practice (Chicago, G. P. Engelhard & Company, 1889). Digital facsimile of the English translation from the Internet Archive at this link.



Subjects: PHARMACOLOGY › PHARMACY › History of Pharmacy
  • 1705

On vital and medical statistics.

New York: Trow, 1889.


Subjects: DEMOGRAPHY / Population: Medical Statistics, Statistics, Biomedical
  • 2100

Des polynévrites en général et des paralysies et atrophies saturnines en particulier.

Paris: Félix Alcan, 1889.

Madame Dejerine-Klumpke, famous neurologist, contributed an important work on lead palsies.



Subjects: NEUROLOGY › Diseases of the Nervous System, OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH & MEDICINE , TOXICOLOGY › Lead Poisoning, WOMEN in Medicine & the Life Sciences, Publications About, WOMEN, Publications by › Years 1800 - 1899
  • 1932.2

Bakteriolytische Enzyme als Ursache der erworbenen Immunität und die Heilung von Infectionskrankheiten durch dieselben.

Z. Hyg. Infekt.-Kr., 31, 1-65, 1889.

Emmerich and Löw prepared a water-soluble antibiotic substance, pyocyanase, from Pseudomonas pyocanea. It inhibited pathogenic cocci and the organisms responsible for diphtheria, plague, cholera, and typhoid.



Subjects: BACTERIOLOGY › BACTERIA (mostly pathogenic; sometimes indexed only to genus) › Gram-Negative Bacteria › Pseudomonas , PHARMACOLOGY › PHARMACEUTICALS › Antibiotics
  • 2621

Erfolgreiche experimentelle Uebertragung von Carcinom.

Fortschr. Med. 7, 321-39, 1889.

Hanau successfully transplanted cancer in mammals.



Subjects: ONCOLOGY & CANCER, TRANSPLANTATION
  • 1766.601
  • 6391

Geschichte des medizinischen Unterrichtes von den ältesten Zeiten bis zur Gegenwart.

Leipzig: Veit & Co., 1889.

The only comprehensive multinational study of the development of medical education, and of limited value for coverage of the 19th century. Translated into English by Evan H. Hare as A history of medical education from the most remote to the most recent times (London, 1891), reprinted, with introduction by Erwin Ackerknecht, New York, Hafner, 1966. Digital facsimile of the 1891 edition from the Internet Archive at this link.



Subjects: Education, Biomedical, & Biomedical Profession › History of Biomedical Education & Medical Profession
  • 2394

Expériences sur la toxicité du bismuth.

C. R. Soc. Biol. (Paris), 9 sér., 1, 537-44, Paris, 1889.

Balzer was the first to suggest bismuth in the treatment of syphillis.



Subjects: INFECTIOUS DISEASE › SEXUALLY TRANSMITTED DISEASES › Syphilis
  • 2795

De la tachycardie essentielle paroxystique.

Rev. Médecine, 9, 753-93, 837-55, 1889.

Bouveret introduced the term “Paroxysmal tachycardia”. Partial English translation in No. 2241.



Subjects: CARDIOLOGY › CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE › Arrythmias
  • 2796

Maladies du coeur et des vaisseaux.

Paris: Octave Doin, 1889.

In his important monograph on disorders of the cardiovascular system, Huchard was apparently the first to use the designation “Stokes–Adams disease”.



Subjects: CARDIOLOGY › CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE, CARDIOLOGY › CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE › Arrythmias
  • 2797

Cardiac failure and sudden death from ventricular fibrillation.

Brit. med. J., 1, 6-8, 1889.

First description of a case of death from ventricular fibrillation.



Subjects: CARDIOLOGY › CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE › Arrythmias, CARDIOLOGY › CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE › Heart Failure
  • 2798

Du sphygmomanomètre et de la mésure de la pression artérielle chez l’homme à l’état normale et pathologique.

Arch. Physiol. norm. path., 5 sér., 1, 556-69, 1889.

Potain devised a simple portable air sphygmomanometer for blood-pressure estimation.



Subjects: CARDIOLOGY › Tests for Heart & Circulatory Function › Sphygmogram, INSTRUMENTS & TECHNOLOGIES › Medical Instruments › Sphygmomanometer
  • 2543

Ueber die bakterientödtende Wirkung des zellenfreien Blutserums.

Zbl. Bakt., 5, 817-23; 6, 1-11, 1889.

Following Nuttall’s work, Buchner discovered a substance in blood serum that was capable of destroying bacteria. He called the substance "alexin". He demonstrated that the bactericidal power of defibrinated blood was possessed by the cell-free serum, and was lost on heating the serum to 55°C for one hour.



Subjects: BACTERIOLOGY, HEMATOLOGY, IMMUNOLOGY
  • 3495

Die Gastrodiaphanie.

Med. Mschr. N.Y., 1, 559., 1889.

Einhorn devised the method of exploration of the stomach by means of a tube – gastrodiaphany.



Subjects: GASTROENTEROLOGY › Esophagus: Stomach: Duodenum: Intestines
  • 3496

Ueber Darmsaftgewinnung beim Menschen. (Vorläufige Mittheilung.)

Zbl. klin. Med., 10, 97-99., 1889.

Duodenal aspiration.



Subjects: GASTROENTEROLOGY › Esophagus: Stomach: Duodenum: Intestines
  • 3130
  • 883

Du sang et de ses altérations anatomiques

Paris: G. Masson, 1889.

Includes (pp. 614-751) an important account of chlorosis; Hayem, by his accurate observation, placed knowledge of the disease on a firm basis.



Subjects: HEMATOLOGY › Anemia & Chlorosis
  • 3131

Ueber Leukaemia und Leukocytose im Kindesalter.

Wien. klin. Wschr., 2, 435-37, 456-58., 1889.

From this classic description of infantile pseudoleukemic anemia, the condition became known as “von Jaksch’s disease”.



Subjects: HEMATOLOGY › Anemia & Chlorosis, PEDIATRICS
  • 3570

Experience with early operative interference in cases of disease of the vermiform appendix.

N.Y. med. J., 50, 676-84., 1889.

Describes (p. 678) “McBurney’s point”: “The seat of greatest pain, determined by the pressure of one finger, has been very exactly between an inch and a half and two inches from the anterior spinous process of the ilium on a straight line drawn from that process to the umbilicus”. McBurney also includes a description of some successful cases of early operation for perforative appendicitis. Reprinted in Med. Classics, 1938, 2, 506-31.



Subjects: SURGERY: General , SURGERY: General › Appendicitis
  • 3177

Ueber die Grundsätze der Behandlung von Eiterungen in starrwandigen Höhlen, mit besonderer Berücksichtigung des Empyems der Pleura.

Dtsch. med. Wschr., 15, 185-87., 1889.

First thoracotomy for empyema.



Subjects: PULMONOLOGY › Thoracic Surgery, RESPIRATION › Respiratory Diseases
  • 3298

A treatise on diseases of the nose and throat. 2 vols.

New York: W. Wood & Co., 18891892.

Bosworth, a pioneer of American rhinology, advanced an important theory of the causation of ozena.



Subjects: OTORHINOLARYNGOLOGY (Ear, Nose, Throat) › Rhinology
  • 3299

Diagnosis and treatment of abscess of the antrum.

J. Amer. med. Assoc., 13, 478-83, 1889.

Classic paper on sinusitis.



Subjects: OTORHINOLARYNGOLOGY (Ear, Nose, Throat) › Rhinology
  • 3300

Beiträge zur Resection der Cartilago quadrangularis narium zur Heilung der Skoliosis septi.

Berl. klin. Wschr., 26, 699-701, 717-20, 1889.

The Operation of partial excision of the cartilage for the treatment of deflections of the nasal septum was perfected by Krieg.



Subjects: OTORHINOLARYNGOLOGY (Ear, Nose, Throat) › Rhinology
  • 3301

Des abscès du sinus maxillaire.

Paris: Steinheil, 1889.

See No. 3305.



Subjects: OTORHINOLARYNGOLOGY (Ear, Nose, Throat) › Rhinology
  • 3302

Die ersten Operationen in der Kehlklopfshöhle vom Munde aus, bei der Durchleuchtung des Kehlkopfes von aussen.

Dtsch. med. Wschr., 15, 340-43, 1889.

The first laryngeal operation through the mouth with external illumination.



Subjects: OTORHINOLARYNGOLOGY (Ear, Nose, Throat) › Laryngology
  • 3598

Nuovo metodo per la cura radicale dell’ ernia inguinale.

Atti Congr. Ass. Med. Ital., (1887), Pavia, 2, 179-82., 1889.

Bassini’s operation for the radical cure of inguinal hernia. His first account was unillustrated. Translation in J. Hist. Med., 1966, 21, 401-07. Bassini expanded his paper into an illustrated book with the same title, Pavia, 1889. This book was translated into German in Arch. f. klin. Chir., 1890, 40, 429-76.



Subjects: SURGERY: General › Hernia
  • 3599

The radical cure of hernia.

Johns Hopk. Hosp. Bull., 1, 12-13, 112., Baltimore, MD, 1889.

Simultaneously with Bassini, Halsted devised the modern operation for the radical cure of inguinal hernia. This is known as the Halsted I repair. Later his technique differed much from that of Bassini. See also his later paper on the subject in the same journal, 1893, 4, 17-24, which is reprinted in Med. Classics, 1938, 3, 412-40.



Subjects: SURGERY: General › Hernia
  • 3632

Acute pancreatitis; a consideration of pancreatic hemorrhage, hemorrhagic suppurative, and gangrenous pancreatitis, and of disseminated fat necrosis.

Boston. med. surg. J., 120, 181-87, 205-07, 229-35., 1889.

Fitz described three forms of acute pancreatitis, and made the earliest suggestion that disseminated fat necrosis is the result of a pathologic process in the pancreas.



Subjects: HEPATOLOGY › Diseases of the Gallbladder, Biliary Tract, & Pancreas
  • 3916

Ueber Haemochromatose.

Berl. klin. Wschr., 26, 925, Berlin, 1889.

Recklinghausen gave to hemochromatosis its present name.



Subjects: GENETICS / HEREDITY › HEREDITARY / CONGENITAL DISEASES OR DISORDERS › Blood Disorders › Hemochromatosis
  • 3392

Ueber die Gründsätze der Behandlung von Eiterungen in starrwandigen Höhlen, mit besonderer Berücksichtigung des Empyems der Pleura.

Dtsch. med. Wschr., 15, 254-57, 1889.

Küster and von Bergmann developed the Operation of radical mastoidectomy.



Subjects: NEUROSURGERY, OTOLOGY
  • 4095

Lupus pernio de la face; synovites fongueuses (scrofulo-tuberculeuses) symétriques des extrémités supérieures.

Ann. Derm. Syph. (Paris), 2 sér., 10, 333-36, Paris, 1889.

Besnier–Boeck–Schaumann disease, Boeck’s sarcoid. Boeck (No. 4128) wrote a classic paper on the subject and later Schaumann’s paper (No. 4149) resulted in a triple eponym. (See No. 4067).



Subjects: DERMATOLOGY › Specific Dermatoses
  • 4096

A case of erythema with remarkable nodular thickening and induration of skin, associated with intermittent albuminuria.

Illustr. med. News, 3, 145-48, 1889.

Erythema elevatum diutinum (“Bury’s disease”).



Subjects: DERMATOLOGY › Specific Dermatoses
  • 4096.1

Xanthélasma disséminé et symétrique, sans insufficance hépatique.

Bull. Mém. Soc. méd. Hôp. Paris, 3 sér., 6, 412-19, Paris, 1889.

In 1889 Chauffard gave an important description of pseudoxanthoma elasticum. Further reports on his patient were published by Besnier and Doyon, Darier, and Hallopeau and Laffitte, the last in Ann. Derm. Syph. (Paris), 1903, 4, 595.



Subjects: DERMATOLOGY › Specific Dermatoses
  • 4097

De la psorospermose folliculaire végétante.

Ann. Derm. Syph. (Paris), 10, 597-612, Paris, 1889.

Dyskeratosis follicularis was so well described by Darier that it is universally known as “Darier’s disease”. J. C. White also described it (see No. 4093) and the first description is accredited to H.C. Lutz (No. 4050).



Subjects: DERMATOLOGY › Specific Dermatoses
  • 4099

Des érythèmes papuleux fessiers post-érosifs.

Rev. Mal. Enf. 4, 208-18, 1889.

“Jacquet’s disease”, “Jacquet’s dermatitis”, papulo-lenticular erythema of the napkin area.



Subjects: DERMATOLOGY › Specific Dermatoses
  • 4100

Ueber das Ulerythema ophryogenes, eine noch nicht beschriebene Hautkrankheit.

Mh. prakt. Derm., 8, 197-208, 1889.

Ulerythema ophryogenes (“Taenzer’s disease”) first described.



Subjects: DERMATOLOGY › Specific Dermatoses
  • 4101

Sur une nouvelle forme de dermatite pustuleuse chronique en foyer à progression excentrique.

Congr. int. Derm. Syph., C. R. Paris, 1890, 344, 1889.

Pyodermite végétante. Hallopeau described a suppurative form of Neumann’s pemphigus vegetans.



Subjects: DERMATOLOGY › Specific Dermatoses
  • 4860.1

A contribution to the surgery of the spine.

Med. Rec., 35, 149-52, 1889.

Posterior rhizotomy.



Subjects: NEUROSURGERY › Spine
  • 4861

The treatment of epilepsy.

Edinburgh: Young J. Pentland, 1889.

Alexander was the first to attempt the treatment of epilepsy by surgical means. He removed the superior cervical sympathetic ganglia. Digital facsimile from the Internet Archive at this link.



Subjects: NEUROLOGY › Epilepsy, NEUROSURGERY › Epilepsy
  • 4861.1

A case in which acute spasmodic pain in the left lower extremity was completely relieved by sub-dural division of the posterior roots of certain spinal nerves, all other treatment having proved useless. Death from sudden collapse and cerebral haemorrhage on the twelfth day after the operation, at the commencement of apparent convalescence.

Med.-chir. Trans., 72, 329-48, 1889.

Posterior rhizotomy.



Subjects: NEUROSURGERY › Spine, PAIN / Pain Management
  • 4862

Die temporäre Resektion der Schädeldaches an Stelle der Trepanation.

Zbl. Chir., 16, 833-38, 1889.

Osteoplastic flap operation. Wagner’s method of opening the skull made a large area of the brain more easily accessible than by trephining. Translation in J. Neurosurg., 1962, 19, 1099.



Subjects: NEUROSURGERY
  • 3694.1

Bibliographie français de l’art dentaire.

Paris: Félix Alcan, 1889.

Concerns the French literature of dentistry.



Subjects: BIBLIOGRAPHY › Bibliographies of Dentistry, COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › France, DENTISTRY › History of Dentistry
  • 4351

Zur Symptomatologie des multiplen Myeloms.

Prag. med. Wschr., 14, 33-35, 44-49, 1889.

“Kahler’s disease” – multiple myeloma.



Subjects: ONCOLOGY & CANCER › Multiple Myeloma, ORTHOPEDICS › Diseases of or Injuries to Bones, Joints & Skeleton
  • 4183.1

Zur Operation der angeborenen Blasenspalte.

Zbl. Chir., 26, 641-3, 1889.

First enterocystoplasty.



Subjects: UROLOGY
  • 4184

Lehrbuch der Kystoskopie.

Wiesbaden: J. F. Bergmann, 1889.

Nitze introduced the cystoscope in 1877 (see No. 4175) and in 1889 published his important monograph on cystoscopy.



Subjects: INSTRUMENTS & TECHNOLOGIES, UROLOGY
  • 5149

Ueber den Tetanusbacillus.

Z. Hyg. InfektKr., 7, 225-34, 1889.

Kitasato obtained a pure culture of the tetanus bacillus, Cl. tetani.



Subjects: BACTERIOLOGY › BACTERIA (mostly pathogenic; sometimes indexed only to genus) › Gram-Positive Bacteria › Clostridium, INFECTIOUS DISEASE › Tetanus
  • 5157

Sur un moyen de diagnostic rapide de la morve.

Arch. Méd. exp. Anat. path., 1, 460-62, 1889.

Straus reaction for the diagnosis of glanders.



Subjects: INFECTIOUS DISEASE › Glanders, VETERINARY MEDICINE
  • 4976.1

L’Automatisme psychologique.

Paris: Félix Alcan, 1889.

Janet argued that “hysterical symptoms are due to subconscious fixed ideas that have been isolated and usually forgotten. Split off from consciousness – ‘dissociated’ – they embody painful experiences, but become autonomous by virtue of their segregation from the main stream of consciousness” (E.L. Bliss, Multliple personality, allied disorders, and hypnosis, N.Y., Oxford University Press, 1986). This predated Breuer and Freud’s announcement of their virtually identical discovery (No. 4977.3) by four years.



Subjects: PSYCHIATRY, PSYCHIATRY › Hysteria
  • 5486

Drüsenfieber.

Jb. Kinderheilk., 29, 257-64., 1889.

“Pfeiffer’s disease”. He is by some accredited with the original description of infectious mononucleosis, ascribed to Filatov. Pfeiffer’s paper is a most comprehensive discussion of the clinical aspects of the disease.



Subjects: INFECTIOUS DISEASE › Infectious Mononucleosis, VIROLOGY
  • 5504

Ueber örtliche Rötheln.

Jb. Kinderheilk., n.F., 29, 372-79., 1889.

First description of acute infectious erythema, “fifth disease”, called also “Sticker’s disease” after the latter’s description of it in Z. prakt. Aerzte, 1899, 8, 353.



Subjects: INFECTIOUS DISEASE › Rubella & Allied Conditions, PEDIATRICS
  • 5934

Keratitis punctata superficialis.

Wien. klin. Wschr., 2, 837-41, 1889.

Epidemic keratoconjunctivitis first described.



Subjects: EPIDEMIOLOGY, OPHTHALMOLOGY › Diseases of the Eye
  • 5935

Lehrbuch der Augenheilkunde.

Leipzig & Vienna: Franz Deuticke, 1889.

Fuchs’s textbook was an outstanding contribution to the literature, and was translated into many languages. The last English edition appeared in 1933.



Subjects: OPHTHALMOLOGY
  • 5936

Conjonctivite infectieuse transmise par les animaux.

Ann. Oculist. (Brux), 101, 252, 1889.

Parinaud described an infectious tuberculous conjunctivitis transmissible from animals to man. In 1924 Gifford suggested the name “Parinaud’s oculo-glandular syndrome” as a more suitable description. See also Rec. Ophtalmologie, 1889, 3 sér., 11, 176-80.



Subjects: INFECTIOUS DISEASE › Tuberculosis, OPHTHALMOLOGY › Diseases of the Eye › Conjunctivitis, VETERINARY MEDICINE
  • 5620

Experimental surgery.

Chicago, IL: W. T. Keener, 1889.

Senn made important experimental studies on air embolism, introduced a method of diagnosing intestinal perforation by means of insufflation of hydrogen (see No. 3494), and used X-rays in the treatment of leukemia. He was professor of surgery at Rush Medical College.



Subjects: ONCOLOGY & CANCER › Leukemia, SURGERY: General
  • 5620.1

The American armamentarium chirurgicum.

Chicago, IL: George Tiemann & Co., 1889.

The most comprehensive trade catalogue of medical and surgical instruments and equipment published in America during the 19th century. Reprinted with introduction by James M. Edmondson and F. Terry Hambrecht, San Francisco: Norman Publishing & Boston: The Printers’ Devil, 1989.



Subjects: INSTRUMENTS & TECHNOLOGIES, SURGERY: General
  • 5435

History and pathology of vaccination. 2 vols.

London: H. K. Lewis, 1889.

This very full history of the subject caused a good deal of controversy; see the review of it in Lancet, 1890, 1, 470-72. Crookshank was an opponent of vaccination.



Subjects: INFECTIOUS DISEASE › Smallpox › History of Smallpox
  • 6088

Die Tripperansteckung beim weiblichen Geschlechte.

Leipzig: O. Wigand, 1889.


Subjects: OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › GYNECOLOGY
  • 6200

Die Conjugata eines engen Beckens ist keine konstante Grosse, sondem lässt sich durch die Körperhaltung der Trägerin verändem.

Zbl. Gynäk., 13, 892-93., 1889.

Description of the “Walcher position”.



Subjects: OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › OBSTETRICS
  • 5205

Il virus dell’ ulcera venerea.

Gazz. int. Sci. med., 11, 44, 1889.

Announcement of the discovery of Haemophilus ducreyi (Ducrey’s bacillus), causal organism in chancroid.



Subjects: BACTERIOLOGY › BACTERIA (mostly pathogenic; sometimes indexed only to genus) › Gram-Negative Bacteria › Haemophilus, INFECTIOUS DISEASE › SEXUALLY TRANSMITTED DISEASES › Chancroid
  • 5226

Die Litteratur über die venerischen Krankheiten von der ersten Schriften über Syphilis aus dem Ende des fünfzehnten Jahrhunderts bis zum Jahre 1889. (Supplement Band I. Enthält die Litteratur von 1889-99 und Nachträge aus früherer Zeit.) 5 vols.

Bonn: P. Hanstein, 18891900.

Reprinted Nieuwkoop, De Graaf 1966.



Subjects: BIBLIOGRAPHY › Bibliographies of Specific Diseases, INFECTIOUS DISEASE › SEXUALLY TRANSMITTED DISEASES › History of Sexually Transmitted Diseases
  • 5240

Sul ciclo evolutivo dei parassiti malarica nella febbre terzana.

Arch. Sci. med. (Torino), 13, 173-96, 1889.

Golgi showed that the parasite of quartan differs from that of tertian malarial fever. English translation in Kean (No. 2268.1).



Subjects: INFECTIOUS DISEASE › VECTOR-BORNE DISEASES › Mosquito-Borne Diseases › Malaria, PARASITOLOGY › Plasmodia › P. vivax, P. falciparum, P. malariae, P. ovale, and P. knowlesi
  • 6243

A case of Caesarean section for contracted pelvis.

Trans. obstet. Soc. Lond., 31, 136-60, 1889.

Champney’s advocacy for the Sänger operation was a powerful factor in its adoption in Britain.



Subjects: OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › OBSTETRICS › Caesarian Section
  • 6244

Eclampsia gravidarum: eene nieuwe indicatie voor sectie caesarea.

Ned. T. Geneesk„ 2D., 25, 485-91, 1889.

Halbertsma first performed Caesarean section in puerperal convulsions.



Subjects: OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › OBSTETRICS › Caesarian Section
  • 233

Natural inheritance.

London: Macmillan, 1889.

By the employment of statistical methods Galton propounded a “law of filial regression”. This book represents the first statistical study of biological variation and inheritance.



Subjects: GENETICS / HEREDITY, Statistics, Biomedical
  • 6606

Les difformes et les malades dans l’art.

Paris: Lecrosnier & Babé, 1889.

Reprinted Amsterdam, B.M.Israël, 1972



Subjects: ART & Medicine & Biology
  • 4098

A rare form of lupus (marginatus).

Arch. Surg. (Lond.), 1, Plates 13-14., London, 18891890.

“Hilliard’s lupus”. Hutchinson made an innovation in terminology when he named the disease after the patient instead of the physician describing it. The Archives, which ran to 11 volumes, were written entirely by Hutchinson. See also Polyclinic, 1900, 2, 104-09, for a fuller description of this patient.



Subjects: DERMATOLOGY › Specific Dermatoses
  • 7335

Die Neuroblasten und deren Entstehung im embryonalen Mark.

Abh. math.-phys. Cl. der Konig. Säch. Ges. d. Wiss. 15, 313-372., 1889.

In this paper on neuroblasts (young neurons) and their development in the embryonic spinal cord, His coined the term, “dendrite,” for what had been called protoplasmic processes since the term was introduced by Deiters in 1865 (Larry W. Swanson).



Subjects: ANATOMY › Neuroanatomy, EMBRYOLOGY › Neuroembryology
  • 7996

Electrical stimulation of the heart in man.

Brit. Med. J. 1 (1468) 348-350, 1889.

MacWilliams described experiments in which application of an electrical impulse to the human heart in asystole caused a ventricular contraction, and that a heart rhythm of 60–70 beats per minute could be evoked by impulses applied at spacings equal to 60–70 /minute. Digital facsimile from PubMedCentral at this link.



Subjects: CARDIOLOGY › CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE › Arrythmias, CARDIOLOGY › CARDIOVASCULAR PHYSIOLOGY › Cardiac Electrophysiology
  • 8330

Marcelli De medicamentis liber. Edited Georgius Helmreich.

Leipzig: B. G. Teubner, 1889.

Marcellus's compendium of pharmacological preparations drawing on the work of multiple medical and scientific writers as well as folk remedies and magic. Digital facsimile from the Internet Archive at this link.



Subjects: ANCIENT MEDICINE › Late Antiquity, ANCIENT MEDICINE › Roman Empire, PHARMACOLOGY › PHARMACEUTICALS, TRADITIONAL, Folk or Indigenous Medicine
  • 9041

Geschichte des Physiologus.

Strassburg, Austria: Karl J. Trübner, 1889.

The most comprehensive survey of the general background of the Physiologus, and the later influence of this text. Digital facsimile from the Internet Archive at this link.



Subjects: Medieval Zoology, Medieval Zoology › History of Medieval Zoology
  • 9276

The folk-lore of plants.

London: Chatto & Windus, 1889.

Digital facsimile from the Internet Archive at this link.



Subjects: Magic & Superstition in Medicine, TRADITIONAL, Folk or Indigenous Medicine
  • 9525

Merck's index of fine chemicals and drugs for the materia medica and the arts: Comprising a summary of whatever chemical products are to-day adjudged as being useful in either medicine or technology, with average values and synonyms affixed; a guide for the physician, apothecary, chemist, and dealer.

New York: E. Merck, 1889.

First edition of the Merck Manual. Digital facsimile from the Internet Archive at this link.



Subjects: Chemistry, PHARMACOLOGY, PHARMACOLOGY › PHARMACEUTICALS › Materia medica / Herbals / Herbal Medicines
  • 9666

Les poissons venimeux. Contribution à l'hygiène navale.

Paris: Octave Doin, 1889.

The first systematic work on the venom organs of fishes.



Subjects: TOXICOLOGY, TOXICOLOGY › Zootoxicology, ZOOLOGY › Ichthyology
  • 10291

Histoire naturelle des cétacés des mers d'Europe. Extrait des tomes XXXVIII, XL, XLV, XLIII des Mémoires couronnés et autres Mémoires publiés par l'Académie royale des sciences, des lettres et des beaux-arts de Belgique - 1889.

Brussels: F. Hayez, 1889.

Digital facsimile from the Internet Archive at this link.



Subjects: ZOOLOGY › Mammalogy › Marine Mammals, ZOOLOGY › Mammalogy › Marine Mammals › Cetacea
  • 10618

Old age: The results of information received respecting nearly nine hundred persons who had attained the age of eighty years, including seventy-four centenarians.

Cambridge, England: Macmillan and Bowes, 1889.

Analysis, illustrated with Woodburytype photographs, of data collected by the "Collective Investigation Committee" of the British Medical Association. Note that in the 1880s attaining the age of 80 was considered worth documenting. Digital facsimile from the Internet Archive at this link.



Subjects: GERIATRICS / Gerontology / Aging, IMAGING › Photography / Photomicrography
  • 10786

Antibiose et symbiose.

Assoc. Française pour l'avancement des sciences. 18e sess., 2nd part., Notes et mems., II, 525-543., 1889.

Villemin coined the term antibiosis and advanced the term from an evolutionary viewpoint. Though he presented the concept Villemin did not apply this concept to fight disease.

(Thanks to Juan Weiss for this reference.)



Subjects: BIOLOGY, INFECTIOUS DISEASE, MICROBIOLOGY, PHARMACOLOGY › PHARMACEUTICALS › Antibiotics
  • 10885

Preliminary observations on the microorganism of Texas fever.

Med. News (Phila.), 55, 689-693, 1889.

First report on the discovery of a Babesia, cause of Babesiosis. Smith first observed the microscopic organism in the summer of 1886, but mentioned Babes's work in this paper, perhaps resulting in Babes being credited with the discovery.

(Thanks to Juan Weiss for this reference and its interpretation.)



Subjects: INFECTIOUS DISEASE › VECTOR-BORNE DISEASES › Tick-Borne Diseases › Babesiosis, MICROBIOLOGY, PARASITOLOGY, U.S.: CONTENT OF PUBLICATIONS BY STATE › Texas
  • 11276

The cerebral palsies of children.

Philadelphia: P. Blakiston, Son & Co., 1889.

Osler's monograph on cerebral palsy helped define this condition. "Osler emphasized the diverse causes of childhood hemiplegia. Osler classified his patients with nonprogressive upper motor neuron dysfunction according to the distribution of their weakness (hemiplegia, diplegia, and paraplegia) and separated the children with congenital dysfunction from those whose weakness was acquired later in childhood. The monograph contains numerous case descriptions and emphasizes signs, symptoms, and etiology" (Ashwal, Founders of Child Neurology, p. 329; see also pp. 330-32).

See also  Longo, L.D. & Ashwal, S. "William Osler, Sigmund Freud and the evolution of ideas concerning cerebral palsy," J. Hist. Neurosci., 2 (1993) 255-82.



Subjects: NEUROLOGY › Child Neurology, NEUROLOGY › Movement Disorders
  • 11541

Traité des maladies des pays chauds: Région prétropicale.

Paris: J.-B. Baillière, 1889.


Subjects: TROPICAL Medicine
  • 11869

Opium: Historical note, or, the poppy in China. Published by order of The Inspector General of Customs.

Shanghai: Statistical Department of the Inspectorate General of Customs, 1889.

Though relatively brief (50pp.) this may be the first historical study of opium in English. Text in English and Chinese. Digital facsimile from the Hathi Turst at this link. Reprinted without the Chinese text, Shanghai: American Presbyterian Mission Press, 1898. Digital facsimile of the 1898 edition also from the Hathi Trust at this link.



Subjects: PHARMACOLOGY › PHARMACEUTICALS › Botanic Sources of Single Component Drugs › Opium
  • 12267

Cardiac failure and sudden death.

Brit. med. J., 1, 6-8, 1889.

"Physiologists and physicians had proposed various theories to explain transient and fatal cardiac standstill in animals and humans who were apparently healthy. MacWilliam defined two distinct mechanisms depending on whether recovery was possible. He offered experimental proof that “fibrillar contraction” (later termed ventricular fibrillation) was the cause of irreversible cessation of the heartbeat and sudden death. Writing in 1889, he argued that

'Sudden cardiac failure does not usually take the form of a simple ventricular standstill in diastole...It assumes, on the contrary, the form of violent, though irregular and incoordinated, manifestation of ventricular energy. Instead of quiescence, there is a tumultuous activity, irregular in its character and wholly ineffective as regards its results.'
"He explained that a variety of pathological conditions could predispose to ventricular fibrillation, including “degenerative changes of a fatty or fibroid nature in the muscular walls” and “diseased conditions...of the coronary arteries.” MacWilliam demonstrated that the fundamental electrophysiologic properties of the hearts of cold-blooded amphibians could be reproduced in mammals. He also extended the time an isolated mammalian heart preparation remained viable by combining artificial ventilation and rhythmic manual compression of the ventricles with the administration of pilocarpine.10 In 1889, MacWilliam published an article in The British Medical Journal announcing his conviction 'that ventricular fibrillation rather than cardiac standstill (asystole) was the cause of many, if not most cases of sudden death in humans' (Silverman & Fye, "John A. MacWilliam: Scotish pioneer of cardiac elec