An Interactive Annotated World Bibliography of Printed and Digital Works in the History of Medicine and the Life Sciences from Circa 2000 BCE to Circa 2020 by Fielding H. Garrison (1870-1935), Leslie T. Morton (1907-2004), and Jeremy M. Norman (1945- ) Traditionally Known as “Garrison-Morton”

14973 entries, 12870 authors and 1842 subjects. Updated: May 10, 2021

Browse by Publication Year 1870–1879

638 entries
  • 4470

On supra-condyloid amputation of the thigh.

Med.-chir. Trans., 53, 175-86, 1870.

Gritti–Stokes amputation (see also No. 4466).



Subjects: ORTHOPEDICS › Orthopedic Surgery & Treatments › Amputations: Excisions: Resections
  • 337

Grundzüge der vergleichenden Anatomie der Wirbelthiere.

Leipzig: Wilhelm Engelmann, 1870.

Gegenbaur’s best work. He stressed the value of comparative anatomy as the basis of the study of descent, considering that knowledge of the relations of corresponding parts in different animals was more important even than comparative embryology in this respect.



Subjects: COMPARATIVE ANATOMY, EVOLUTION
  • 820

Ueber die Messung des Blutquantums in den Herzventrikeln.

S. B. phys.-med. Ges. Wurzburg, Neue Folge 2, XVI-XVII., 1870.

Fick principle for the calculation of cardiac output based on measuring the minute volume of oxygen consumption and the arteriovenous oxygen difference. Digital facsimile from the Hathi Trust at this link.



Subjects: CARDIOLOGY › CARDIOVASCULAR PHYSIOLOGY
  • 4541

Das Rankenneurom.

Tübingen: H. Laupp, 1870.

Original description of plexiform neurofibroma.



Subjects: NEUROLOGY › Diseases of the Nervous System, NEUROLOGY › Diseases of the Nervous System › Neurofibromatosis
  • 4665

Une observation de paralysie infantile s’accompagnant d’une altération des cornes antérieures de la substance grise de la moëlle.

C. R. Soc. Biol. (Paris), (1869), 5 sér., 1, 312-15, Paris, 1870.

First demonstration of the atrophy of the anterior horns of the spinal cord in infantile paralysis, confirming earlier suggestions of von Heine and Duchenne.



Subjects: NEUROLOGY › Child Neurology, NEUROLOGY › Inflammatory Conditions › Poliomyelitis
  • 423

Die descriptive und topographische Anatomie des Menschen.

Vienna: W. Braumüller, 1870.


Subjects: ANATOMY › 19th Century, ANATOMY › Topographical Anatomy
  • 2169

Kriegschirurgische Beiträge aus dem Jahre 1866.

Wroclaw (Vratislava, Breslau): Maruschke & Berendt, 1870.

A surgical history of the Seven Weeks War between Germany and Austria. Digital facsimile from Google Books at this link.



Subjects: MILITARY MEDICINE & HYGIENE
  • 2170

A method of antiseptic treatment applicable to wounded soldiers in the present war.

Brit. med. J., 2, 243-44., 1870.

In 1870, for the first time on the battlefield, French and German army surgeons applied antiseptic methods in the management of wounds. Lister published the above short paper describing the simplest method he could devise to use carbolic as an antiseptic.



Subjects: MILITARY MEDICINE & HYGIENE, SURGERY: General › Antisepsis / Asepsis, SURGERY: General › Wound Healing
  • 2171
  • 5185
UNITED STATES. War Dept. Surgeon General

The medical and surgical history of the War of the Rebellion, 1861-65. 6 vols.

Washington, DC: Government Printing Office, 18701888.

Written by Woodward, Smart, Otis, and Huntington under the direction of Joseph K. Barnes, Surgeon General of the Army. This massive, graphically illustrated set has been called the “first comprehensive American medical book”. It is one of the most remarkable works ever published on military medicine. An index of operators and reporters appears at the end of the third surgical volume. This index makes it possible to look up any surgeon, and find the patients he treated. 

Woodward published an account of diarrhoea and dysentery in Pt.2, Vol. 1 (1879) pp. 1-869. Garrison considered this the greatest single monograph on dysentery. Woodward saw the Lösch amoeba, but without recognizing its significance.

Appendix to Part I, Containing Reports of Medical Directors, and Other Documents includes on pp. 92-104, LXXXII. Extracts from a Report of the Operations of the Medical Department of the Army of the Potomac from July 4th to December 31st, 1862. By JONATHAN LETTERMAN, Surgeon, U. S. Army, Medical Director of the Army of the Potomac. (Digital text of Letterman's report is available from U.S. Army Medical Department Office of Medical History at this link.

 

 



Subjects: American (U.S.) CIVIL WAR MEDICINE, American (U.S.) CIVIL WAR MEDICINE › History of U.S. Civil War Medicine, COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › United States (See also state listings under U.S.), INFECTIOUS DISEASE › Amoebiasis, INFECTIOUS DISEASE › Bacillary Dysentery, INFECTIOUS DISEASE › Dysentery, MILITARY MEDICINE & HYGIENE, MILITARY MEDICINE & HYGIENE › History of Military Medicine
  • 1564

Ueber die physiologische Bedeutung der Bogengänge des Ohrlabyrinths.

Pflüg. Arch. ges. Physiol., 3, 172-92, 1870.

Goltz demonstrated the relation of vertigo and vestibular disturbance, showing that the former is a result of disease or irritation of the semicircular canals.



Subjects: OTOLOGY › Vestibular System, OTOLOGY › Vestibular System › Vertigo
  • 491

Zur Kenntnis der menschlichen Placenta.

Arch Gynäk., 1, 317-34, 1870.

“Langhans’s layer”—the cytotrophoblast, the individual cells of which are termed “Langhans’s cells”.



Subjects: ANATOMY › 19th Century, BIOLOGY › Cell Biology
  • 492

Eierstock und Ei.

Leipzig: Wilhelm Engelmann, 1870.

Waldeyer discovered the germinal epithelium.



Subjects: EMBRYOLOGY
  • 1619

On the effects of the antiseptic system of treatment upon the salubrity of a surgical hospital.

Lancet 1, 4-6, 40-42, London, 1870.


Subjects: PUBLIC HEALTH, SURGERY: General › Antisepsis / Asepsis
  • 1405

Ueber die elektrische Erregbarkeit des Grosshirns.

Arch. Anat. Physiol. wiss. Med., 300-32, 1870.

These workers showed that electrical stimulation of the frontal cortex in various experimental animals caused movements of the extremities of the opposite side of the body, thus proving the existence of a motor area in the cerebral cortex, predicted earlier in the same year by Hughlings Jackson. Translation in J. Neurosurg., 1963, 20, 905-16. Reprinted, with translation, in R. H. Wilkins, Neurosurgical Classics, New York, 1965



Subjects: NEUROSCIENCE › NERVOUS SYSTEM › Brain, including Medulla: Cerebrospinal Fluid, PHYSIOLOGY › Electrophysiology
  • 1406

Experimentaluntersuchungen über das peripherische und centrale Nervensystem.

Arch. Psychiat. Nervenkr., 2, 693-723., 1870.

Modern study of the functions of the thalamus began with the important investigations of Gudden. He is remembered eponymically by “Gudden’s commissure” and “Gudden’s atrophy” – specific thalamic nuclei degenerate when certain areas of the cerebral cortex are destroyed. His collected works were published in 1889. He was drowned in a lake at Starnberg by his patient Ludwig II, the mad king of Bavaria.



Subjects: NEUROSCIENCE › NERVOUS SYSTEM › Brain, including Medulla: Cerebrospinal Fluid
  • 1467

De physiologie der spraakklanken.

Utrecht: C. van der Post, jr, 1870.

Donders’s most important work was performed in the field of ophthalmology, but he wrote a classic treatise on the physiology of speech. Also published in Onderzoekingen gedaan in het Physiologisch Laboratoriumder Utrechtsche Hoogeschool, 1870, 3, 354-73.



Subjects: Speech, Anatomy and Physiology of
  • 1514

Om retinaströmmen.

Upsala LäkFören. Förh., 6, 419-55, 18701871.

First demonstration of retinal action currents.



Subjects: OPHTHALMOLOGY › Physiology of Vision
  • 2481

Études sur la maladie des vers à soie. 2 vols.

Paris: Gauthier-Villars, 1870.

This work saved the French silk industry, which had been crippled by the disease pébrine. After three years of research on the problem, Pasteur was able to show that the disease known as pébrine was caused by a parasite, and that the disease known as flacherie, which authorities had thought to be a manifestation of pébrine, was in reality a bacterial disease with its own character and etiology. He developed a screening method, still used today, that employs systematic microscopic examination to separate infected silkworm eggs from healthy ones.



Subjects: BACTERIOLOGY, MICROBIOLOGY, PARASITOLOGY
  • 171

Anthropométrie, ou mesure des différentes facultés de l’homme.

Brussels: C. Muquardt, 1870.

In his classification of various populations, Quetelet adopted the plan of determining the standard or typical “mean man” as a basis, using stature, weight, or complexion, etc., as a measure in each particular race or population.



Subjects: ANTHROPOLOGY › Anthropometry, DEMOGRAPHY / Population: Medical Statistics
  • 2679

Medical thermometry.

Brit for med.- chir. Rev., 45, 429-41, 1870.

Allbutt introduced the modern clinical thermometer.



Subjects: INSTRUMENTS & TECHNOLOGIES › Medical Instruments, INSTRUMENTS & TECHNOLOGIES › Medical Instruments › Thermometer, PHYSICAL DIAGNOSIS
  • 3066

Ein Fall von Leukämie mit Erkrankung des Knochenmarkes.

Arch. Heilk. (Lpz.), 11, 1-14., Leipzig, 1870.

Neumann was the first to note changes in the bone marrow in leukemia, and he proposed the term “myelogenous leukemia”.



Subjects: HEMATOLOGY › Blood Disorders, ONCOLOGY & CANCER › Leukemia
  • 3121

Cachessia puerperale raccolta nella clinica ginecologica dell’ospitale Maggiore di Milano.

Milan: G. Bernardoni, 1870.

“Valsuani’s disease” – progressive anemia in pregnant and lactating women, probably first described by H. N. Bennett (No. 3117).



Subjects: HEMATOLOGY › Anemia & Chlorosis
  • 3277

Ueber ein eigenthümliches Neugebilde an der Nase – Rhinosclerom.

Wien. med. Wschr., 20, 1-5, 1870.

 Rhinoscleroma is considered a tropical disease, mostly endemic to Africa and Central America, and less common in the United States.



Subjects: OTORHINOLARYNGOLOGY (Ear, Nose, Throat) › Rhinology, TROPICAL Medicine
  • 228

Contributions to the theory of natural selection.

London: Macmillan, 1870.

Reprints, with important revisions and additions, nine important papers concerning natural selection, which had previously appeared in journals, and publishes for the first time a major paper on The limits of natural selection as applied to man. Unlike Darwin, Wallace believed that at some point during man’s history man had partially escaped natural selection, and that a “higher intelligence” had a part in the development of the human race.



Subjects: BIOLOGY, EVOLUTION, EVOLUTION › Human Origins / Human Evolution
  • 2768

On the etiology and prevalence of diseases of the heart among soldiers.

London: John Churchill, 1870.

First description of “Da Costa’s syndrome” – the “effort syndrome” of Sir Thomas Lewis.



Subjects: CARDIOLOGY › CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE, PSYCHIATRY › Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)
  • 2769

Capillary embolism or arterial pyaemia.

Guy’s Hosp. Rep. 3 sér., 15, 29-35, 1870.

One of the first accounts of bacterial endocarditis was given by Wilks, who, in his classic paper on the subject, called the condition “arterial pyaemia.” Reprinted in Willius & Keys, Cardiac classics, 1941, pp. 579-84.



Subjects: CARDIOLOGY › CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE › Endocarditis, INFECTIOUS DISEASE › Endocarditis
  • 3381

Die Schalleitung durch die Kopfknochen und ihre Bedeutung für die Diagnostik der Ohrenkrankheiten.

Würzburg: Stahel, 1870.

Lucae was the first to study the transmission of sounds through the cranial bones for the purpose of diagnosing diseases of the ear.



Subjects: OTOLOGY › Diseases of the Ear, OTOLOGY › Physiology of Hearing
  • 3009

Traité clinique et expérimental des embolies capillaires.

Paris: J.-B. Baillière, 1870.


Subjects: CARDIOLOGY › CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE › Thrombosis / Embolism
  • 4060

Dermatitis erysipelatosa; Gangraena; Enkephalitis.

Öst. Jb. Pädiat., 1, 23-24, 1870.

First description of dermatitis exfoliativa neonatorum (“Rittershain’s disease”).



Subjects: DERMATOLOGY › Specific Dermatoses, PEDIATRICS
  • 4061

On dermatitis exfoliativa.

Med. Times Gaz. 1, 118-20, 1870.

Although Hippocrates mentioned this condition, Erasmus Wilson first named it and described it as we know it today. It has been called “Wilson’s disease”; an eponym discarded since its use to describe the progressive lenticular degeneration of Kinnier Wilson.



Subjects: DERMATOLOGY › Specific Dermatoses
  • 3463.1

Case in which an intestinal obstruction was removed by the operation of gastrotomy.

Edinb. med. J., 16, 700-04, 18701871.


Subjects: GASTROENTEROLOGY › Esophagus: Stomach: Duodenum: Intestines, SURGERY: General › Upper Gastrointestinal Surgery
  • 3464

Case of stricture of the oesophagus in which gastrotomy was performed.

Amer. J. med. Sci., 59, 365-71, 1870.

First gastrostomy for obstruction of the esophagus performed in America.



Subjects: GASTROENTEROLOGY › Esophagus: Stomach: Duodenum: Intestines, SURGERY: General › Upper Gastrointestinal Surgery
  • 4339

Ueber hereditäre Knochensyphilis bei jungen Kindern.

Virchows Arch. path. Anat., 50, 305-22., 1870.

“Wegner’s disease” – osteochondritic separation of the epiphyses in congenital syphilis.



Subjects: INFECTIOUS DISEASE › SEXUALLY TRANSMITTED DISEASES › Syphilis, ORTHOPEDICS › Diseases of or Injuries to Bones, Joints & Skeleton › Congenital Diseases
  • 4425

Eine neue Reductionsmethode für Schulterverrenkung.

Berl. klin. Wschr., 7, 101-05, 1870.

Kocher was Professor of Surgery at Berne, and among the greatest surgeons of his day. He is remembered, among other things, for his method of reduction of subluxation of the shoulder-joint.



Subjects: ORTHOPEDICS › Orthopedic Surgery & Treatments › Fractures & Dislocations, ORTHOPEDICS › Orthopedic Surgery & Treatments › Shoulder
  • 4425.1

Traité de l’immobilisation directe des fragments osseux dans les fractures.

Paris: Adrien Delahaye, 1870.

First book devoted to the treatment of fractures by internal fixation.



Subjects: ORTHOPEDICS › Orthopedic Surgery & Treatments › Fractures & Dislocations
  • 4212

Handbuch der pathologischen Anatomie. I. Abt.

Berlin: A. Hirschwald, 1870.

A classic description of glomerulonephritis (“Klebs’s disease”) is on pp. 644-48.



Subjects: NEPHROLOGY › Renal Disease
  • 4213

Exstirpation einer Niere am Menschen.

Dtsch. Klin. , 22, 137-138, 1870.

First successful planned nephrectomy for urinary tract fistula. A more detailed, illustrated account of the case appears in No. 4214.



Subjects: NEPHROLOGY › Renal Disease, NEPHROLOGY › Renal Disease › Kidney Surgery, UROLOGY
  • 5313

Observations on relapsing fever, as it occurred in Philadelphia in the winter of 1869 and 1870.

Amer. J. med. Sci., n.s. 60., 336-58, 1870.

Parry called attention to infection from articles of clothing worn by victims of the epidemic of relapsing fever in Philadelphia in 1869.



Subjects: INFECTIOUS DISEASE › VECTOR-BORNE DISEASES › Lice-Borne Diseases › Relapsing Fever
  • 5750

Greffe épidermique. Expérience faite dans le service de M. le docteur Guyon à l’hôpital Necker.

Bull. Soc. imp. Chir. Paris, (1869), 2 sér., 10, 511-15., 1870.

Reverdin’s work on the transplantation of free skin, as contrasted with the previous method of pedunculated flaps, attracted much attention. English translation in No. 5768.2.



Subjects: PLASTIC & RECONSTRUCTIVE SURGERY › Skin Grafting, TRANSPLANTATION › Skin Grafting
  • 5526

Mycosis der Lunge beim Pferde.

Virchows Arch. path. Anat., 49, 583-86., 1870.

Botriomycosis first described.



Subjects: INFECTIOUS DISEASE › Mycosis, VETERINARY MEDICINE
  • 5905

Das Ulcus corneae serpens und seine Therapie.

Bonn: M. Cohen & Sohn, 1870.

First description of serpiginous ulcer of the cornea and its treatment. Called also “Saemisch’s ulcer”.



Subjects: OPHTHALMOLOGY › Diseases of the Eye
  • 6061

Vaginal ovariotomy.

Amer. J. med. Sci., 59, 387-90, 1870.

First vaginal ovariotomy.



Subjects: OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › GYNECOLOGY › Oophorectomy
  • 6239

Gastro-elytrotomy; a substitute for the Caesarean section.

Amer. J. Obstet. Dis. Wom., 3, 125-39., 1870.

Thomas revived and modified Ritgen’s operation.



Subjects: OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › OBSTETRICS › Caesarian Section
  • 6387

Histoire des sciences médicales. 2 vols.

Paris: J.-B. Baillière, 1870.

Digital facsimile from the Internet Archive at this link.



Subjects: History of Medicine: General Works
  • 5292

Kala azar.

Proc. Govt. Bengal in the Med. Dept., No. 52, pp. 31-33, 1870.

Kala azar is mentioned briefly in the Proceedings in 1869 (No. 34, p. 19) but the above is the first full description, given by Briscoe in a report dated 1 Dec 1869.



Subjects: COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › India, INFECTIOUS DISEASE › VECTOR-BORNE DISEASES › Sandfly-Borne Diseases › Leishmaniasis
  • 268

Beschreibung eines Mikrotoms.

Arch. mikr. Anat., 6, 229-32., 1870.

His was, more than any other person, responsible for the introduction of the microtome, although Ranvier and other French people had earlier employed microtomes of simpler types.



Subjects: MICROBIOLOGY, Microscopy
  • 7601

A descriptive catalogue of the Warren Anatomical Museum.

Boston, MA: A. Williams and Company, 1870.

Digital facsimile from the Internet Archive at this link.



Subjects: MUSEUMS › Medical, Anatomical & Pathological , U.S.: CONTENT OF PUBLICATIONS BY STATE › Massachusetts
  • 10448

Report on barracks and hospitals, with descriptions of military posts.

Washington, DC: Government Printing Office, 1870.

Describes military posts in all regions of the U.S., including the Western territories, with details of their hospitals, barracks, etc. In a 1928 talk at Mayo Clinic historian Fielding Garrison wrote about this work, "From 1869 to 1874 he [Billings] was borrowed from the Army by the Secretary of the Treasury to study the different stations of the Marine Hospital Service....In pursuance of this end, he was in every important city or locality in the whole length and breadth of the United States....While on this detail he rendered to the Surgeon General two important and massive reports on the barracks, hospitals and hygienic condition of the army (1870-1875)" (Fielding Garrison, Billings: A Maker of American Medicine. Lectures on the History of Medicine. A Series of Lectures at the Mayo Foundation. (Philadelphia ,1933) 187-200. Digital facsimile from the Internet Archive at this link.



Subjects: COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › United States (See also state listings under U.S.), HOSPITALS, MILITARY MEDICINE & HYGIENE
  • 10567

The religious system of the Amazulu. Izinyanga zokubula; or, divination, as existing among the Amazulu, in their own words, with a translation into English, and notes.

Natal : John Blair & London: Trübner & Co., 1870.

Callaway, a surgeon turned missionary and bishop of the Diocese of Natal, may have been the first to publish actual transcriptions of Zulu divination, including indigenous medical beliefs and practices, in their original language, with translation and notes. Part IV (pp. 416-448) specificially concerns "Medical magic and witchcraft." There are also numerous other references to medicine throughout the text. Digital facsimile from the Internet Archive at this link. Though its formal title page is dated 1870, and indicates that it was published in several cities in South Africa in 1870, the copy available from the Internet Archive indicates that the printed sheets were distributed by The Folk-Lore Society in 1884. 



Subjects: COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › South Africa, TRADITIONAL, Folk or Indigenous Medicine
  • 11623

A manual of medical jurisprudence for India, including the outline of a history of crime against the person in India.

Calcutta: Thacker, Spink & Co., 1870.

Digital facsimile from the Internet Archive at this link.



Subjects: Forensic Medicine (Legal Medicine), INDIA, Practice of Medicine in, LAW and Medicine & the Life Sciences
  • 11702

Handbuch der operativen Chirurgie von Julius von Szymanowski. Deutsche Ausgabe von dem Verfasser und ... C.W. F. Uhde. Ester Theil (All Published.)

Braunschweig: Friedrich Vieweg & Sohn, 1870.

The author, who died of testicular cancer at the age of 39 two years before this posthumous publication, is one of the forgotten pioneers of plastic surgery. Many of the techniques described by later authors without citing sources are dealt with here for the first time. Dermatoplastic operations are described on over 300 pages of text with many meticulous, artistically high-quality images. The types of surgery for skin defects and substance loss are explained in great detail by very clear illustrations. Operations on cheek, eyelid and lip, nose, and ear are described in detail. The final part is the plastic surgery on the trunk, extremities and urogenital system. 

The preface to the work by Dr. Uhde explains the history of its publication. Digital facsimile from the Internet Archive at this link.



Subjects: PLASTIC & RECONSTRUCTIVE SURGERY
  • 13032

The boys in white: The experience of a hospital agent in and around Washington.

New York: Lange & Hillman, 1870.

An account of the author's experiences as a nurse working in Washington, D.C. hospitals during the U.S. Civil War. Wheelock became known as the "Florence Nightingale of Michigan." Digital facsimile from the Hathi Trust at this link.



Subjects: American (U.S.) CIVIL WAR MEDICINE, NURSING
  • 13077

Naval hygiene, by Joseph Wilson, Surgeon United States Navy: With an Appendix: Moving wounded men on shipboards by Albert C. Gorgas, Surgeon United States Navy.

Washington, DC: Government Printing Office, 1870.

Digital facsimile from Google Books at this link.



Subjects: MILITARY MEDICINE & HYGIENE › Navy
  • 943

Der Kehlkopf des Menschen.

Tübingen: H. Laupp, 1871.


Subjects: RESPIRATION
  • 338

A manual of the anatomy of vertebrated animals.

London: J. & A. Churchill, 1871.

Huxley was among those who refuted Owen’s theory of the vertebral skull.



Subjects: COMPARATIVE ANATOMY, EVOLUTION
  • 821

Untersuchungen über einige Giftwirkungen am Froschherzen.

Arb. physiol. Anst. Leipzig, (1870), 5, 41-52, 1871.

First investigation of the effect of poisons on the frog’s heart. In some cases Schmiedeberg found that stimulation of the vagus after administration of poisons produced acceleration of the heart rate.



Subjects: CARDIOLOGY › CARDIOVASCULAR PHYSIOLOGY, TOXICOLOGY
  • 4542

Treatise on diseases of the nervous system.

New York: D. Appleton and Company, 1871.

The first American treatise on neurology. The original description of athetosis, sometimes called “Hammond’s disease”, appears on pp. 654-62. During his tenure as Surgeon General of the Army during the U.S. Civil War, Hammond established the U.S. Army Hospital for Diseases of the Nervous System.



Subjects: NEUROLOGY › Diseases of the Nervous System
  • 626

On the physiological effects of severe and protracted muscular exercise; with special reference to the influence of exercise upon the excretion of nitrogen.

N. Y. med. J., 13, 609-97, 1871.

Flint made investigations on the nitrogen output of a long-distance walker, before, during, and after the latter’s attempt to walk 400 miles in five days. The useful data in this paper are often referred to in discussions on the subject. Edition in book form, New York, D. Appleton, 1871.



Subjects: BIOCHEMISTRY › Metabolism, PHYSIOLOGY
  • 1010

Einige Versuche mit Fermenten, welche Stärke und Rohrzucker in Traubenzucker verwandeln.

Arch. Anat. Physiol. wiss. Med., 305-84, 1871.


Subjects: GASTROENTEROLOGY › Anatomy & Physiology of Digestion
  • 874

Die Blutkrystalle.

Jena: Mauke, 1871.


Subjects: HEMATOLOGY
  • 694

Ueber das Vorkommen von Urobilin im Darminhalt.

Zbl. med. Wiss., 9, 465-66., 1871.

Discovery of urobilin in the intestines.



Subjects: BIOCHEMISTRY
  • 695

Ueber die chemische Zusammensetzung der Eiterzellen.

Med.-chem. Unters., Berlin, Heft 4, 441-60, 1871.

In 1869 Miescher discovered a substance which he termed nuclein (nucleoprotein), later shown to be the hereditary genetic material. He demonstrated it in pus cells. The discovery he first published in 1871. He was also first to suggest the existence of the genetic code (see Nature (Lond.), 1967, 215, 556).

Digital facsimile from Google Books at this link.



Subjects: BIOCHEMISTRY, BIOLOGY › MOLECULAR BIOLOGY › Genetic Code, BIOLOGY › MOLECULAR BIOLOGY › Nucleic Acids
  • 2172

Ueber Lazarette und Barracken.

Berl. klin. Wschr., 8, 109-11, 121-24, 133-35, 157-59., 1871.

On the best way of setting up military hospitals to prevent the spread of infectious diseases. For English translation see No. 1617 (note).



Subjects: HOSPITALS, MILITARY MEDICINE & HYGIENE
  • 1996.4

A practical treatise on the medical and surgical uses of electricity, including localized and general electrization.

New York: William Wood, 1871.

Beard and Rockwell were the leading American electrotherapists of the 19th century. This is the most influential American treatise ever published on electrotherapy. It is of especial value today for its comprehensive and carefully documented historical analysis. In a nontherapeutic application of medical electricity Rockwell invented the electric chair.



Subjects: THERAPEUTICS › Medical Electricity / Electrotherapy
  • 1273

Untersuchungen über den Erregungsvorgang im Nerven- und Muskelsysteme.

Heidelberg: C. Winter, 1871.


Subjects: NEUROSCIENCE › NERVOUS SYSTEM › Peripheral Nerves / Nerve Impulses
  • 2127

Die Krankheiten der Arbeiter. Beiträge zur Förderung der öffentlichen Gesundheitspflege. Erste Abtheilung. Dien inneren Krankheiten der Arbeiter. Erster Theil. Die Staubinhalations-Krankheiten und die von ihnen besonders heimgesuchten Gewerbe und Fabrikbetriebe (1871). Theil. II. Die in Folge der Einathmung von Gasen und Dämpfen entstandenen Krankheiten ("Gasinhalations - Krankheiten") und die von ihnen besonders heimgesuchten Gewerbe- und Fabrikbetriebe (1873). Theil III. Die in Folge der Beschäftigung mit giftigen Stoffen entstandenen Krankheiten ("Gewerbliche Vergiftungen") und die von ihnen besonders heimgesuchten Gewerbe- und Fabrikbetriebe (1875). Theil IV. Die Krankheiten der Arbeiter. Abt. II. Die äusseren (chirurgischen) Krankheiten der Arbeiter (1878). 4 vols.

Wroclaw (Vratislava, Breslau) & Leipzig: Ferdinand Hirt, 18711878.

Hirt was the leading German writer on occupational medicine in the second half of the 19th century. Digital facsimile from the Internet Archive at this link.



Subjects: OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH & MEDICINE
  • 2248.1

Cases of skin-grafting and skin-transplantation.

Trans. clin. Soc. Lond., 4, 37-47, 1871.

Pollock used Reverdin’s skin-grafting technique in the treatment of burn contractures.



Subjects: Diseases Due to Physical Factors › Burns, PLASTIC & RECONSTRUCTIVE SURGERY › Skin Grafting, TRANSPLANTATION › Skin Grafting
  • 2482

Ueber Bakterien in der Pockenhaut.

Zhl. med. Wiss., 9, 609-11, 1871.

Weigert, famous as pathologist and histologist, was the first to stain bacteria. He introduced many of the best staining methods in use today. Weigert discovered bacteria in hemorrhagic smallpox. In the same paper is described how carmine will color cocci.



Subjects: BACTERIOLOGY › Bacteriology, Laboratory techniques in, INFECTIOUS DISEASE › Smallpox , MICROBIOLOGY
  • 169

Mémoires d’anthropologie. 5 vols.

Paris: C. Reinwald, 18711888.

Most often remembered for his contributions to neurology, Broca was also among the greatest of the French anthropologists. He originated modern craniometry and in that connection devised many craniometric and cranioscopic instruments. See also No. 344 et al.  

The papers in vol. 1 concern anthropology in generalthe bulk of vol. 2 concerns prehistoric man; vol. 3 concerns primates and evolutionary theory; vol. 4, edited by Broca's son August and published in 1883, concerns craniology; vol. 5, edited by S. Pozzi, concerns the brain. Digital facsimiles of all 5 vols. are available from BnFGallica.



Subjects: ANTHROPOLOGY › Craniology, ANTHROPOLOGY › Physical Anthropology, Collected Works: Opera Omnia, EVOLUTION › Human Origins / Human Evolution, NEUROLOGY
  • 170
  • 227

The descent of man, and selection in relation to sex. 2 vols.

London: John Murray, 1871.

This is really two works. The first demolished the theory that the universe was created for humans while in the second Darwin presented a mass of evidence in support of his earlier hypothesis regarding sexual selection. With respect to human origins, Darwin predicted that the ancestors of humanity would eventually be found in Africa, based on the extensive primate populations there. However, during the 19th and early 20th centuries paleoanthropologists focused their researches in Europe and Asia rather than Africa. This focus only gradually changed after Raymond Dart discovered Australopithecus africanus in 1924.



Subjects: ANTHROPOLOGY, COMPARATIVE ANATOMY, EVOLUTION, EVOLUTION › Human Origins / Human Evolution, ZOOLOGY › Mammalogy › Primatology
  • 172

Primitive culture: Researches into the development of mythology, philosophy, religion, art, and custom. 2 vols.

London: John Murray, 1871.

The standard work on primitive religion for many years. Tylor approached his subject from the point of view of psychology, exploring the nature of belief in spirits, omens, magic, etc. His work has important ties with the analytical psychology of Jung. Digital facsimile from Google Books at this link.



Subjects: ANTHROPOLOGY › Cultural Anthropology, Magic & Superstition in Medicine, PSYCHOLOGY
  • 2535

Die Ursache der infectiösen Wundkrankheiten.

Cor.-Bl. d. schweiz. Aerzte, 1, 241-46., 1871.

Klebs, Professor of Pathology at Berne, Würzburg, Prague, Zurich, and Chicago, preceded Koch in investigations of the pathology of traumatic infection. He found bacteria in gunshot wounds, granulation tissue, etc., and developed his theory of a single organism, Microsporon septicum, as the cause of all pathological changes.



Subjects: BACTERIOLOGY, INFECTIOUS DISEASE, PATHOLOGY, SURGERY: General › Wound Healing
  • 4844

Die Agoraphobie, eine neuropathische Erscheinung.

Arch. Psychiat. Nervenkr., 3, 138-61, 18711872.

First description of agoraphobia



Subjects: PSYCHIATRY
  • 2224

Zur Fieberlehre. In his: Gesammelte Beiträge zur Pathologie und Physiologie, 2 (1871) pt. 1, 624-56, 679-83; 3 (1878) 503-05, 582-87.

Berlin: August Hirschwald, 18711878.

Digital facsimile of Vol. 2, pt. 1 from the Internet Archive at this link, of Vol. 3 at this link.



Subjects: INFECTIOUS DISEASE, Medicine: General Works
  • 3122

Ueber hochgradigste Anämie Schwangerer.

Arch. Gynäk., 2, 218-35., 1871.

An important account of pernicious anemia of pregnancy.



Subjects: HEMATOLOGY › Anemia & Chlorosis
  • 3278

Essay on growths in the larynx.

London: J. & A. Churchill, 1871.

An analysis of 100 of Mackenzie’s own cases.



Subjects: OTORHINOLARYNGOLOGY (Ear, Nose, Throat) › Laryngology
  • 3592.1

A new use of carbolized catgut ligatures.

Bost. med. surg. J., 85, 315-317., Boston, MA, 1871.

Marcy was the first to stress the importance of reconstruction of the internal ring following reduction of the sac.



Subjects: SURGERY: General › Hernia
  • 3766.1

De la microcythémie

Bull. Acad. roy. Méd. Belg., , 3 sér., 5, 515-613, 1871.

Vanlair and Masius were the first to suggest the concept of hereditary hemolytic anemia. Their paper was republished in book form, Brussels, 1871.



Subjects: GENETICS / HEREDITY › HEREDITARY / CONGENITAL DISEASES OR DISORDERS › Blood Disorders › Inherited Hemolytic Anemia, HEMATOLOGY › Anemia & Chlorosis
  • 2770

On irritable heart; a clinical study of a form of functional cardiac disorder and its consequences.

Amer. J. med. Sci., n.s. 61, 17-52, 1871.

“Da Costa’s syndrome.” This was first described by Myers (No. 2768) and is now known as “effort syndrome,” “soldier’s heart,” “disordered action of the heart.” More recently it has been considered an early recognition of one aspect of post traumatic stress disorder (PTSD).



Subjects: CARDIOLOGY › CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE, PSYCHIATRY › Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)
  • 2771

On the murmurs attendant on mitral contraction.

Guy’s Hosp. Rep. 3 ser., 16, 247-342, 1871.

Important and exhaustive account of the knowledge of presystolic murmurs. Fagge’s paper also includes many clinical observations relating to the rhythm of heart murmurs and the state of the sounds of the heart in 67 cases at Guy’s Hospital.



Subjects: CARDIOLOGY, CARDIOLOGY › CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE, CARDIOLOGY › Tests for Heart & Circulatory Function › Auscultation and Physical Diagnosis
  • 3822

On sporadic cretinism.

Med.-chir. Trans., 54, 155-70., 1871.

In this paper Fagge, nephew of John Hilton of Guy’s Hospital, described sporadic cretinism as distinct from the endemic variety.



Subjects: ENDOCRINOLOGY › Thyroid
  • 3994

Lectures on dermatology. 4 vols.

London: J. & A. Churchill, 18711878.

Erasmus Wilson gave the original descriptions of several cutaneous diseases, and made a fine collection of dermatological preparations. He classified skin diseases on an anatomical basis. The above book consists of his lectures at the Royal College of Surgeons, at which institution he founded a chair of dermatology.



Subjects: DERMATOLOGY
  • 2982

Ein Fall von Aneurysma der Leberarterie.

Berl. klin. Wschr., 8, 349-52, 386, Berlin, 1871.

Quincke observed aneurysm of the hepatic artery in 1870.



Subjects: CARDIOLOGY › CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE › Aneurysms
  • 3883

Du féminisme et de l’infantilisme chez les tuberculeux.

Paris, 1871.

In a letter prefaced to Faneau de La Cour’s thesis, Paul Joseph Lorain (1827-1875) described the idiopathic arrest of growth now known as “Lorain’s type”. It was subsequently ascribed to hypopituitarism. The word “infantilism” first appeared in this work. Digital facsimile from BiuSante.ParisDescartes.fr at this link.



Subjects: ENDOCRINOLOGY › Pituitary, INFECTIOUS DISEASE › Tuberculosis
  • 4855

New operation for the relief of persistent facial neuralgia.

Philad. med. Times, 2, 285-87, 18711872.

Pancoast devised the operative procedure of sectioning the second and third branches of the fifth pair of nerves as they emerge from the base of the brain. Reported by F. Woodbury.



Subjects: NEUROLOGY › Chronic Pain › Trigeminal Neuralgia, NEUROSURGERY, PAIN / Pain Management
  • 4339.1

On bone-setting (so-called), and its relation to the treatment of joints crippled by injury, rheumatism, inflammation, etc.

London: Macmillan, 1871.

The first work on manipulation written by a physician. Digital facsimile from the Medical Heritage Library, Internet Archive, at this link.



Subjects: ORTHOPEDICS › Orthopedic Surgery & Treatments, ORTHOPEDICS › Orthopedic Surgery & Treatments › Fractures & Dislocations
  • 4214

Chirurgie der Nieren. Teil 1-2.

Erlangen: Ferdinand Enke, 18711876.

Simon was Professor of Surgery at Rostock and Heidelberg. The work was projected as 3 vols., but Simon died before it was completed.



Subjects: NEPHROLOGY › Renal Disease › Kidney Surgery
  • 5751

On the transplantation of portions of skin for the closure of large granulating surfaces.

Trans. clin. Soc. Lond., 4, 49-53, 1871.

Lawson, surgeon to the Middlesex Hospital, London, was the first successfully to transplant sizeable areas of skin, as compared with the small grafts of Reverdin, and of whole thickness skin as well. Reprinted in No. 5768.2.



Subjects: PLASTIC & RECONSTRUCTIVE SURGERY › Skin Grafting, TRANSPLANTATION › Skin Grafting
  • 5344.8

On a haemotozoon inhabiting human blood. Its relation to chyluria and other diseases.

Ann. Rep. sanit. Comm. India (1871), 8, Appendix E 241-60, 1871.

Independently of Demarquay (No. 5344.3) and Wucherer (No. 5344.6), Lewis found microfilariae in the urine and blood in chyluria. He was first to use the term Filaria sanguinis hominis for the parasite.



Subjects: COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › India, INFECTIOUS DISEASE › DISEASES DUE TO METAZOAN PARASITES, PARASITOLOGY › Helminths › Parasitic Worms › Filaria
  • 5669.1

Beiträge zu den Operationen an den Luftwegen.

Arch. klin. Chir., 12, 112-33., 1871.

Endotracheal anesthesia by means of a tracheostomy.



Subjects: ANESTHESIA, SURGERY: General
  • 5906

Ueber hereditäre und congenital-angelegte Sehnervenleiden.

v. Graefes Arch. Ophthal., 17, 2 Abt., 249-91, 1871.

First description of hereditary optic atrophy, “Leber’s optic atrophy”.



Subjects: GENETICS / HEREDITY › HEREDITARY / CONGENITAL DISEASES OR DISORDERS › Inherited Neurological Disorders › Leber's Hereditary Optic Neuropathy, OPHTHALMOLOGY
  • 6263.1

Ueber die hintere Scheitelbeinstellung, eine nicht selten Art von fehlerhafter Einstellung des Kopfes unter der Geburt.

Arch. Gynäk., 2, 433-40, 1871.

“Litzmann’s obliquity” or posterior parietal presentation.



Subjects: OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › OBSTETRICS › Pelvis: Pelvic Anomalies
  • 9655

Contributions towards the materia medica & natural history of China for the use of medical missionaries & native medical students.

Shanghai: American Presbyterian Mission Press & London: Turner & Co., 1871.

Digital facsimile from the Internet Archive at this link.



Subjects: Chinese Medicine , PHARMACOLOGY › PHARMACEUTICALS › Materia medica / Herbals / Herbal Medicines
  • 10123

Traité des opérations qui se pratiquent sur l'oeil.

Paris: H. Lauwereyns, 1871.

Published in fascicules beginning in 1870. Includes 22 original mounted albumen photographs by Montméja illustrating chapters on cataract, iridectomy, strabismus, eyelids, and lacrymal passages. There are also 190 wood engravings by Badoureau after drawings by Léveillé. Digital facsimile from BnF Gallica at this link



Subjects: IMAGING › Photography / Photomicrography , OPHTHALMOLOGY , OPHTHALMOLOGY › Ocular Surgery & Procedures › Cataract
  • 10483

Physical effects of compressed air, and of the causes of pathological symptoms produced on man, by increased atmospheric pressure employed for the sinking of piers, in the construction of the Illinois and St. Louis Bridge over the Mississippi River at St. Louis, Missouri.

St. Louis, MO: R. & T.A. Ennis, Stationers and Printers, 1871.

Study of caisson disease and its treatement resulting from experience in treating workmen constructing the Eads Bridge, which opened in 1874. Digital facsimile from the Internet Archive at this link.



Subjects: Altitude or Undersea Physiology & Medicine, OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH & MEDICINE , U.S.: CONTENT OF PUBLICATIONS BY STATE › Missouri
  • 10585

Photographic review of medicine and surgery. A bi-monthly illustration of interesting cases, accompanied by notes. Edited by F.F. Maury [and] L.A. Duhring. Vols. 1 & 2 (All published).

Philadelphia: J. B. Lippincott, 18711872.

The leading 19th century American publication of artistic medical photography. Each of the two volumes includes 24 mounted photographs. The photographs ilustrate cases of unusual and extreme disease, such as gross deformities from cancer, birth defects or syphilis. Digital facsimile from the Hathi Trust at this link.



Subjects: COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › United States (See also state listings under U.S.), DERMATOLOGY, IMAGING › Photography / Photomicrography , INFECTIOUS DISEASE › SEXUALLY TRANSMITTED DISEASES › Syphilis
  • 11545

On the use of the ophthalmoscope in diseases of the nervous system and of the kidneys; also in certain other general disorders.

London & New York: Macmillan & Co., 1871.

One of the earliest works on the wider appications of the ophthalmoscope. Digital facsimile from Google Books at this link.



Subjects: INSTRUMENTS & TECHNOLOGIES › Medical Instruments › Ophthalmoscope
  • 11715

Gesammelte Beiträge zur Pathologie und Physiologie. 3 vols.

Berlin: August Hirschwald, 18711878.

Digital facsimile from Google Books at this link.



Subjects: CARDIOLOGY › CARDIOVASCULAR PHYSIOLOGY, Collected Works: Opera Omnia, PATHOLOGY, PHYSIOLOGY
  • 12475

Notes on the natural history of the Strait of Magellan and the west coast of Patagonia made during the voyage of HMS 'Nassau' in the years 1866, 67, 68, & 69.

Edinburgh: Edmonston and Douglas, 1871.

Cunningham, a physician, was naturalist aboard the Nassau, a steamer sent to survey the Strait of Magellan and the adjacent channels. This book contains a narrative of the voyage and natural history descriptions. Cunningham’s own interest was in the ornithology of the region, but he also discussed the botany of the area, mentioning his collections of plants in the Royal Herbarium, Kew, and promising articles on the reptiles, amphibia, fishes, mollusca, and crustacea in Linnean Transactions. He acknowledged the help of Hooker, Huxley, Newton, Flower, Sclater, Salvin, Gray, Gunther, and Baird.

Digital facsimile from Biodiversity Heritage Library at this link.



Subjects: COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › Argentina, COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › Chile, VOYAGES & Travels by Physicians, Surgeons & Scientists
  • 12583

Dermatología general y clínica iconográfica de enfermedades de la piel ó dermatósis.

Madrid: T. Fortanet, 18711880.

This very large format publication was issued in four parts from 1871 to 1880. It included 168 large plates in the style of Alibert, and was the first major illustrated work on dermatology published in Spain.

Digital facsimile from bdh.bne.es at this link.



Subjects: COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › Spain, DERMATOLOGY
  • 12899

Emergencies and how to treat them: The etiology, pathology, and treatment of the accidents, diseases, and cases of poisoning, which demand prompt action.

New York: D. Appleton and Company, 1871.

A “guide in the treatment of cases of emergency occurring in medical, surgical, or obstetrical practice” (p. 3), covering such topics as hemorrhage, burns, loss of consciousness, asphyxia, sunstroke, poisoning and complications of labor.  Digital facsimile from U.S. National Library of Medicine at this link.



Subjects: Emergency Medicine
  • 13211

HIT.

New York: The American News Company, 1871.

An enigmatically titled book of essays on women's rights by the American surgeon, abolitionist, prohibitionist, and prisoner of war, who remains the only woman to receive the Congressional Medal of Honor. Medical content in this collection primarily concerns the impact of the restrictive clothing of the time of women's health--a topic that Walker crusaded against by wearing clothing of her own design, or mens' clothing. Digital facsimile from Google Books at this link.



Subjects: WOMEN, Publications by
  • 13216

The ornithology of Shakespeare. Critically examined, explained, and illustrated.

London: John van Voorst, 1871.

Digital facsimile from Google Books at this link.



Subjects: LITERATURE / Philosophy & Medicine & Biology › Drama, ZOOLOGY › Ornithology
  • 822

Ueber die Eigenthümlichkeiten der Reizbarkeit, welche die Muskelfasern des Herzens zeigen.

Arb. physiol. Anst. Leipzig, (1871), 6, 139-76, 1872.

Bowditch was the first to research the relationship between the strength of the heart beat and the interval between beats. He established the “all-or-nothing” principle of heart muscle contraction. He founded, at Harvard, the first physiological laboratory in the United States.

Translated into English by J. Schaefer, W. Deppert, M. I. M Noble, et al as "On the peculiarities of excitability which the fibres of cardiac muscle show," in M.I.M Nobel & W. A. Seed, eds., The Interval-force relationship of the heart: Bowditch revisited, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1992, pp. 3-43.



Subjects: CARDIOLOGY › CARDIOVASCULAR PHYSIOLOGY, CARDIOLOGY › CARDIOVASCULAR PHYSIOLOGY › Cardiac Electrophysiology
  • 353

Geschichte der Zoologie bis auf Joh. Müller und Charl. Darwin.

Munich: R. Oldenbourg, 1872.

French edition, 1880. Digital facsimile of the German edition from Biodiversity Heritage Library at this link; of the French edition from Google Books at this link.



Subjects: ZOOLOGY › History of Zoology
  • 2706
  • 4545

Clinical lecture on certain painful affections of the feet.

Philad. med. Times, 3, 81-82, 113-115, 1872.

Mitchell suggested the name “erythromelalgia” for this condition, which is also known as “Weir Mitchell’s disease”. He records four earlier writers on the subject, the first being Graves in 1848. See also his paper in Amer. J. med. Sci., 1878, 76, 17-36.



Subjects: CARDIOLOGY › CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE, NEUROLOGY › Diseases of the Nervous System, PAIN / Pain Management
  • 4546

Leçons sur les maladies du système nerveux faites à La Salpêtrière.

Paris: A. Delahaye, 18721887.

An excellent idea of Charcot’s work is gained by perusal of his Leçons, dealing with his teaching on nervous disorders. In the second volume, pp. 1-72, is a classic account of the anomalies of tabes dorsalis. Charcot became one of the greatest of all neurologists. English translation, 1877-89.



Subjects: NEUROLOGY › Diseases of the Nervous System
  • 627

Ueber die Diffusion des Sauerstoffs, den Ort und die Gesetze der Oxydationsprocesse im thierischen Organismus.

Pflüg. Arch. ges. Physiol., 6, 43-64, 190., 1872.


Subjects: BIOCHEMISTRY › Metabolism
  • 1011

Ueber die Wirkung einiger Gifte auf die Nerven der glandula submaxillaris.

Pflüg. Arch. ges. Physiol., 5, 309-18, 1872.

Study of the effect of poisons on the nerves of the submaxillary gland.



Subjects: GASTROENTEROLOGY › Anatomy & Physiology of Digestion, TOXICOLOGY › Neurotoxicology
  • 4699

On chorea.

Med. surg. Reporter, 26, 317-21, 1872.

The classic description by Huntington of the chronic degenerative hereditary type of chorea led to the eponym “Huntington’s chorea”. Earlier accounts of the disease were given by John Elliotson (Lancet, 1832, 1, 163), Waters (see No. 4691), and I. W. Lyon (Amer. med. Times, 1863, 7, 289-90). For historical note see D. L. Stevens, J. roy. Coll. Phycns., 1972, 6, 271-82. For bibliography see No. 5019.12.



Subjects: GENETICS / HEREDITY › HEREDITARY / CONGENITAL DISEASES OR DISORDERS › Inherited Neurological Disorders › Huntington's Chorea, NEUROLOGY › Degenerative Disorders, NEUROLOGY › Movement Disorders › Chorea
  • 424

Topographisch-anatomischer Atlas. Nach Durchschnitten angefrornen Cadavern.

Leipzig: Veit & Co., 1872.

Fine illustrations of frozen sections. Translated into English by Edward Bellamy as An atlas of topographical anatomy after plane sections of frozen bodies. (Philadelphia: Lindsay and Blakiston, 1877).



Subjects: ANATOMY › 19th Century, ANATOMY › Cross-Sectional, ANATOMY › Topographical Anatomy
  • 2173

Beiträge zur pathologischen Anatomie der Schusswunden.

Leipzig: F. C. W. Vogel, 1872.

Klebs filtered the discharges from gunshot wounds, found the filtrate to be non-infectious, and from that reasoned that traumatic septicemia is of bacterial origin. He was the first to filter bacteria and to experiment with the filtrate.



Subjects: BACTERIOLOGY › Bacteriology, Laboratory techniques in, MILITARY MEDICINE & HYGIENE, SURGERY: General › Wound Healing
  • 4831

Zur Lehre von der Tetanie.

Berl. klin. Wschr., 9, 441-44, Berlin, 1872.

Important observations on gastric tetany were made by Kussmaul. He called attention to the convulsions sometimes accompanying dilatation of the stomach. He first mentioned “gastric tetany” in 1869 in his paper on gastric lavage (No. 3463).



Subjects: NEUROLOGY › Tetany
  • 1620

La Seine. Etudes hydrologiques. Régime de la pluie, des sources, des eaux courantes. (Les travaux souterrains de Paris.) 4 vols. and atlas.

Paris: Vve. C. Dunod, 18721887.

Belgrand designed the Paris sewers.



Subjects: PUBLIC HEALTH
  • 2105

The thanatophidia of India. Being a Description of the venomous snakes of the Indian Peninsula, with an account of the influence of their poison on life and a series of experiments

London: J. & A. Churchill, 1872.

Considered the first systematic work on venomous snakes. Describes all the venomous snakes of India. Digital facsimile from the Internet Archive at this link.



Subjects: COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › India, TOXICOLOGY › Venoms, TOXICOLOGY › Zootoxicology, ZOOLOGY › Herpetology, ZOOLOGY › Illustration
  • 1515

Zur Lehre vom Lichtsinne. 6 parts.

S. B. k. Akad. Wiss. (Wien), math.-nat. Cl., 3 Abt., 66, 5-24; 68, 186-201, 229-44; 1874, 69, 85-104, 179-217; 1875, 70,169-204., Vienna, 18721875.

Hering’s theory of color sense. First edition in book form (Vienna, 1878). Hering expanded this work in Grundzüge der Lehre vom Lichtsinn (1905-11; 1920) English translation of that expanded work by Leo M. Hurvich and Dorothea Jameson as Outlines of a theory of the light sense (Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1964).



Subjects: OPHTHALMOLOGY › Physiology of Vision, PSYCHOLOGY › Psychophysics
  • 2250

Thermic fever, or sunstroke.

Philadelphia: J. B. Lippincott, 1872.

A study of the pathology of sunstroke. Wood held the chairs of botany, therapeutics, and neurology at the University of Pennsylvania.



Subjects: Diseases Due to Physical Factors
  • 2301

Leçons de pathologie expérimentale.

Paris: J.-B. Baillière, 1872.

An elaboration of his lectures on the subject at the Collège de France.



Subjects: PATHOLOGY
  • 2325

Lungenentzündung, Tuberkulose und Schwindsucht.

Munich: R. Oldenbourg, 1872.

Buhl stated that disseminated miliary tuberculosis is always associated with the presence of a caseous focus in some part of the body, which is the centre from which infection starts (Buhl-Dittrich law). English translation, New York, 1874.



Subjects: INFECTIOUS DISEASE › Tuberculosis
  • 2483

Untersuchungen über Bacterien.

Beitr. Biol. Pflanzen, 1, Heft 2, 127-224; Heft 3, 141-207; 1876, 2, Heft 2, 249-76., 1872, 1875.

Cohn’s morphological classification of bacteria. He founded the Beiträge.



Subjects: BACTERIOLOGY › Bacteria, Classification of, MICROBIOLOGY
  • 1747

Beiträge zur gerichtlichen Chemie einzelner organischer Gifte.

St. Petersburg, Russia: H. Schmitzdorff, 1872.


Subjects: Forensic Medicine (Legal Medicine), TOXICOLOGY
  • 3124

Eine eigenthumliche Form von progressiver perniciöser Anämie.

Koresp Bl. schweiz. Ärz., 2, 15-18., 1872.

In his account of progressive pernicious anemia, Biermer was first to describe the retinal haemorrhages. He was at one time accredited with the first description of pernicious anemia ; later it was shown that Addison had described the condition in his classic work on the suprarenals (No. 3118) and that Combe (No. 3112) had reported a case of pernicious anemia as far back as 1822. On the European Continent the condition is referred to as “Biermer’s disease”. Preliminary communication in Versammlung deutscherNaturforscher undAertze, 1868, Tageblatt No. 8, IX Sect., p. 173.



Subjects: HEMATOLOGY › Anemia & Chlorosis
  • 3279

Ueber Diagnose und Behandlung der Stimmbandlähmung.

Samml. klin. Vortr., Nr. 36 (Inn. Med., Nr. 13), 271-82, 1872.

See No. 3270. Continuing his study of laryngeal paralysis. Gerhardt proposed the term “cadaveric position” to indicate the position of the vocal cord in total paralysis of the larynx.



Subjects: OTORHINOLARYNGOLOGY (Ear, Nose, Throat) › Laryngology
  • 3280

Diseases of the throat: A guide to the diagnosis and treatment of affections of the pharynx, oesophagus, trachea, larynx, and nares.

New York: W. Wood & Co., 1872.

First American textbook on oto-rhino-laryngology.



Subjects: OTORHINOLARYNGOLOGY (Ear, Nose, Throat), OTORHINOLARYNGOLOGY (Ear, Nose, Throat) › Laryngology
  • 3767

Das maligne Lymphosarkom (Pseudoleukämie).

Virchows Arch. path. Anat., , 54, 509-37., 1872.

Langhans noted the presence of giant cells in the lesions of Hodgkin’s disease.



Subjects: ONCOLOGY & CANCER › Lymphoma, Spleen: Lymphatics
  • 2772

Cases of partial and general idiopathic pericarditis.

Trans. clin. Soc. Lond. 5, 8-22, 1872.

Pericarditis epistenocardiaca described.



Subjects: CARDIOLOGY › CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE › Pericardial Diseases › Pericarditis
  • 2773

Ueber zwei seltene Herzaffektionen, mit Bezugnahme auf die Theorie des ersten Herztons.

Wien. med. Wschr. 22, 1-4, 25-28, 1872.

“Bamberger’s disease” (Pick’s disease, No. 2803).



Subjects: CARDIOLOGY › CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE
  • 2774

Ein Fall von Endocarditis ulcerosa puerperalis mit Pilzbildungen im Herzen (Mycosis endocardii).

Virchows Arch. path. Anat. 56, 407-14, 1872.

Heiberg suggested the microbic nature of endocarditis. He described what appeared to him to be the mycelia of Leptothrix in the vegetations of a case of ulcerative endocarditis.



Subjects: CARDIOLOGY › CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE › Endocarditis, INFECTIOUS DISEASE › Endocarditis
  • 2775

Ein Fall von Pulsus bigeminus nebst Bemerkungen über die Leberschwellungen bei Klappenfehlern und über acute Leberatrophie.

Berl. klin. Wschr. 9, 185-88, 221-24, 1872.

First clear description of pulsus bigeminus. Translated in Willius & Keys, Cardiac classics, 1941, pp. 590-99.



Subjects: CARDIOLOGY › CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE, CARDIOLOGY › CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE › Arrythmias
  • 3010

Untersuchungen über die embolischen Processe.

Berlin: A. Hirschwald, 1872.

Cohnheim developed the doctrine of infarction as a result of occlusion of terminal arteries. He explained the haemorrhagic nature of certain infarcts on the basis of a reflux flow and diapedesis through the altered capillaries of the infarcted area.



Subjects: CARDIOLOGY › CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE, CARDIOLOGY › CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE › Aortic Diseases, CARDIOLOGY › CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE › Coronary Artery Disease › Myocardial Infarction
  • 4062

Ueber einzelne während der Schwangerschaft, dem Wochenbette und bei Uterinalkrankheiten der Frauen zu beobachtende Hautkrankheiten.

Wien. med. Wschr. 22, 1197-1201, Vienna, 1872.

Hebra was the first to describe impetigo herpetiformis, more fully dealt with by Kaposi, his son-in-law.



Subjects: DERMATOLOGY › Specific Dermatoses
  • 4063

Idiopathisches multiples Pigmentsarkom der Haut.

Arch. Derm. Syph. (Prag.), 4, 265-73, 1872.

First description of “Kaposi’s sarcoma” – multiple idiopathic hemorrhagic sarcoma. English translation in CA, 1982, 32, 342-47.



Subjects: DERMATOLOGY › Specific Dermatoses, INFECTIOUS DISEASE › Kaposi's Sarcoma / HHV-8, INFECTIOUS DISEASE › SEXUALLY TRANSMITTED DISEASES, ONCOLOGY & CANCER
  • 3465

Ueber die Resection des Oesophagus.

Arch. klin. Chir., 13, 65-69, 1872.

First resection of the esophagus.



Subjects: Thoracic Surgery
  • 4339.2

De la périarthrite scapulo-humérale et des raideurs de l’épaule qui en sont la conséquence.

Arch. gén. Méd., 20, 513-42, 1872.

“Frozen shoulder” syndrome described.



Subjects: ORTHOPEDICS › Diseases of or Injuries to Bones, Joints & Skeleton, ORTHOPEDICS › Orthopedic Surgery & Treatments › Shoulder
  • 5111.2

Annals of cholera: from the earliest periods to the year 1817.

London: Ranken & Co, 1872.


Subjects: EPIDEMIOLOGY › History of Epidemiology, INFECTIOUS DISEASE › Cholera
  • 4215

On the pathology of the morbid state commonly called chronic Bright’s disease with contracted kidney (“arterio-capillary fibrosis”).

Med.-chir. Trans., 55, 273-326, 1872.

First clear description of arteriosclerotic atrophy of the kidney (“Gull–Sutton disease”), and probably the first description of hypertensive nephrosclerosis.



Subjects: NEPHROLOGY › Renal Disease
  • 4975

The expression of the emotions in man and animals.

London: John Murray, 1872.

Darwin examined the causes, physiological and psychological, of all the fundamental emotions in man and animals. He concluded that “the chief expressive actions exhibited by man and by the lower animals are now innate or inherited”, and that most of the movements of expression must have been gradually acquired. This is the only book by Darwin illustrated with photographs. It reproduces a number of photographs from Duchenne (No. 4973), and other photographs by Oscar Gustav Reijlander. Reprinted, New York, 1955. See P. Ekman (ed.): Darwin and facial expression: A century of research in review. New York, 1973.



Subjects: EVOLUTION, IMAGING › Photography / Photomicrography , PSYCHOLOGY
  • 4995

Leçons sur les maladies du système nerveux faites à La Salpêtrière. 3 vols.

Paris: A. Delahaye, 18721887.

Charcot’s pioneering research on the application of hypnosis to the psychoneuroses brought this subject to the attention of the scientific community.



Subjects: PSYCHIATRY › Neuroses & Psychoneuroses, PSYCHOTHERAPY › Hypnosis
  • 5752

Greffes cutanées ou autoplastiques.

Bull Acad. Méd. (Paris), 2 sér., 1, 243-50., 1872.

First description of intermediate thickness skin grafts. Ollier used large grafts and carried out complete excision of scar tissue and its replacement with skin.



Subjects: PLASTIC & RECONSTRUCTIVE SURGERY › Skin Grafting, TRANSPLANTATION › Skin Grafting
  • 5670

Sur l’action combinée de la morphine et du chloroforme.

C. R. Acad. Sci. (Paris), 74, 627-29, 1872.

Labbe and Guyon developed pre-anesthetic medication.



Subjects: ANESTHESIA › Chloroform, ANESTHESIA › Opiates
  • 6062

Normal ovariotomy.

Atlanta med. surg. J., 10, 321-39: also in Trans. med. Ass. Georgia, 24, 36-69, 1872, 1873.

Battey’s ovariotomy operation for the treatment of non-ovarian conditions. This operation later acquired a greater significance in connection with more modern work on endocrinology. Preliminary communication in J. gynaec. Soc. Boston, 1872, 7, 331-35.



Subjects: OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › GYNECOLOGY › Oophorectomy
  • 6063

Chronic cystitis in the female, and mode of treatment.

Amer. Practit., 5, 65-92, 1872.

Vaginal cystotomy for chronic cystitis.



Subjects: OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › GYNECOLOGY
  • 6064

Die latente Gonorrhoe im weiblichen Geschlecht.

Bonn: M. Cohen & Sohn, 1872.

Noeggerath was the first to point out the late effects of gonorrhoea in women, particularly its role in the production of sterility.



Subjects: INFECTIOUS DISEASE › SEXUALLY TRANSMITTED DISEASES › Gonorrhoea & Trichomonas Infection, OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › GYNECOLOGY
  • 6065

Cases of intermenstrual or intermediate dysmenorrhoea.

Brit. med. J., 2, 431-32, 1872.

First report of cases of Mittelschmerz.



Subjects: OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › GYNECOLOGY › Menstruation
  • 6188

Die Lage des Uterus und Foetus am Ende der Schwangerschaft nach Durchschnitten an gefrornen Cadavern

Leipzig: Veit & Co., 1872.

Supplement to No. 424.



Subjects: ANATOMY › 19th Century, ANATOMY › Cross-Sectional, OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › OBSTETRICS
  • 6189

On the contractions of the uterus throughout pregnancy: Their physiological effects and their value in the diagnosis of pregnancy.

Trans. obstet. Soc. Lond., (1871), 13, 216-31, 1872.

“Braxton Hicks’s sign”.



Subjects: OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › OBSTETRICS
  • 6649.91

Medical women: Two essays. I. Medicine as a profession for women. II. Medical education for women

Edinburgh: Oliphant, 1872.

From the time of her admission to medical school Jex-Blake became virtually the leader of the movement in Great Britain to open the medical profession to women. Greatly expanded second edition, Edinburgh, 1886.



Subjects: Education, Biomedical, & Biomedical Profession › History of Biomedical Education & Medical Profession, WOMEN in Medicine & the Life Sciences, Publications About, WOMEN, Publications by › Years 1800 - 1899
  • 6282

English midwives.

London: J. & A. Churchill, 1872.

Reprinted with biographical sketch by J. L. Thornton, London, 1967.



Subjects: OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › OBSTETRICS › History of Obstetrics, OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › OBSTETRICS › Midwives
  • 6388

Médecine et médecins.

Paris: Didier et Cie, 1872.


Subjects: History of Medicine: General Works
  • 4543

De l’électrisation localisée et de son application à la pathologie et à la thérapeutique. 3me. éd.

Paris: J.-B. Baillière, 1872.

Early description, page 357, of partial brachial plexus paralysis, upper type (“Duchenne-Erb palsy”: see No. 4548). An English translation of the 3rd ed., by H. Tibbitts, actually appeared London in 1871, one year before the French edition, and a Philadelphia publisher also issued the English sheets with a cancel title page in 1871. The translator stated that he prepared the translation from sheets of the 3rd edition, the publication of which was delayed by the German occupation of Paris.



Subjects: NEUROLOGY › Diseases of the Nervous System, PHYSIOLOGY › Electrophysiology
  • 4547

On a case of paralysis of the tongue from haemorrhage in the medulla oblongata.

Lancet, 2, 770-73., 1872.

Jackson here described the syndrome consisting of paralysis of half the tongue, the same half of the palate, and of one vocal cord – “Jackson’s syndrome”.



Subjects: NEUROLOGY › Diseases of the Nervous System
  • 7373

Diverses périodes de l'age de la pierre.

Revue d'anthropologie, I, 431-442., Paris, 1872.

Mortillet rejected the fauna-based cultural subdivisions of the Pleistocene (cave bear, mammoth, reindeer) that had been introduced by Edouard Lartet in favor of a system based on tools and artifacts (“données industrielles”). During the 1860s Mortillet “extended the geological system of period and epochs into the recent past, characterizing each by a series of archaeological ‘type-fossils’ and naming them after a ‘type-site.’ . . . By 1869 his scheme for European prehistory was fairly well elaborated and included: the Thenasian (for the now obsolete Eolithic), Chellean, Mousterian, Solutrean, Aurignacian, Magdalenian, and Robenhausian. Many of these remain in use as cultural-historical labels for bodies of material, but whereas de Mortillet saw each as a block of time they are now seen as geographically as well as chronologically defined entities” (Darvill, The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Archaeology [2003], 271).



Subjects: EVOLUTION › Human Origins / Human Evolution
  • 7609

Origen, naturaleza y antigüedad del hombre.

Madrid: Imprenta de la Compaña de Impressores y Libreros del Reino, 1872.

The first book on human origins or human evolution published in Spanish. Digital facsimile from Google Books at this link.



Subjects: COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › Spain, EVOLUTION › Human Origins / Human Evolution
  • 7831

Descriptive catalogue of the teratological series in the Museum of the Royal College of Surgeons of England.

London: Printed for the College and sold by H. Hardwicke, 1872.

Digital facsimile from the Internet Archive at this link.



Subjects: MUSEUMS › Medical, Anatomical & Pathological , TERATOLOGY
  • 8613

A history of the Massachusetts General Hospital. [Privately printed in 1861.] Second edition, with a continuation to 1872.

Boston, MA: Printed by the Trustees from the Bowditch Fund, 1872.

Digital facsimile from the Internet Archive at this link.



Subjects: COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › United States (See also state listings under U.S.), COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › United States (See also state listings under U.S.) › American Northeast, HOSPITALS › History of Hospitals, U.S.: CONTENT OF PUBLICATIONS BY STATE › Massachusetts
  • 8972

Air and rain. The beginnings of a chemical climatology.

London: Longmans, Green & Co., 1872.

In this work on the industrial causes of pollution Smith coined the term acid rain

"The corrosive effect of polluted, acidic city air on limestone and marble was noted in the 17th century by John Evelyn, who remarked upon the poor condition of the Arundel marbles.[2] Since the Industrial Revolution, emissions of sulfur dioxide and nitrogen oxides into the atmosphere have increased.[3][4] In 1852, Robert Angus Smith was the first to show the relationship between acid rain and atmospheric pollution in ManchesterEngland.[5]

"Though acidic rain was discovered in 1853, it was not until the late 1960s that scientists began widely observing and studying the phenomenon.[6] The term "acid rain" was coined in 1872 by Robert Angus Smith.[7]"  (Wikipedia). 

Digital facsimile from Google Books at this link.



Subjects: BIOLOGY › Ecology / Environment, Environmental Science & Health, OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH & MEDICINE
  • 9069

Thesaurus literaturae botanicae omnium gentium inde a rerum botanicarum initiis ad nostra usque tempora. Quindecim millia operum recensens. Editionem novam reformatam.

Leipzig: F. A. Brockhaus, 18721877.

First published in 1851, this documents literature from ancient times to publication date. Research involved examination of 40,000 works in libraries at Vienna, Geneva, London, Paris and various German locations. Digital facsimile of the 1872 edition from the Hathi Trust at this link.



Subjects: BIBLIOGRAPHY › Bibliographies of Botany / Materia Medica, BOTANY › History of Botany
  • 9699

Earth as a topical application in surgery: Being a full exposition of Its use in all the cases requiring topical applications admitted in the men's and women's surgical wards of the Pennsylvania Hospital during a period of six Months in 1869.

Philadelphia: Lindsay & Blakiston, 1872.

Includes four "Photo-relief" (Woodburytype) plates. Possibly the only book on this subject. One may assume that the special earth contained some anti-bacterial mold such as penicillin. Digital facsimile from Google Books at this link.



Subjects: SURGERY: General , SURGERY: General › Antisepsis / Asepsis, U.S.: CONTENT OF PUBLICATIONS BY STATE › Pennsylvania
  • 11326

History of medicine from the earliest ages to the commencement of the nineteenth century. By Robley Dunglison. Arranged and edited by Richard J. Dunglison.

Philadelphia: Lindsay & Blakiston, 1872.

In 1824 Dunglison was recuited to join the Medical Faculty of the new University of Virginia. There he became Thomas Jefferson's personal physician for two years until Jefferson's death.

Dunglison was hired to teach medical history as well as anatomy, physiology, surgery and materia medica. Delivered annually between 1824 and 1833, Dunglison's lectures on medical history represented the earliest course on the history of medicine known to have been given in the United States. They were first published by Dunglison's son in 1872.  Digital facsimile from the Hathi Trust at this link.



Subjects: Historiography of Medicine & the Life Sciences , History of Medicine: General Works
  • 11790

Key to North American birds containing a concise account of every species of living and fossil bird at present known from the continent north of the Mexican and United States boundary.

Salem, MA: Naturalists' Agency, 1872.

Coues continued to revise and expand this work, putting it through four editions during his lifetime. Digital facsimile of the 1872 edition from the Hathi Trust at this link. The Hathi Trust also makes available digital copies of the later editions, through the posthumous sixth edition (1927).



Subjects: ZOOLOGY › Ornithology
  • 11803

Corals and coral islands.

New York: Dodd and Mead, 1872.

Digital facsimile from Biodiversity Heritage Library at this link.



Subjects: BIOLOGY › Marine Biology, ZOOLOGY › Anthozoology
  • 12187

Illustrations of the influence of the mind upon the body in health and disease, designed to elucidate the action of the imagination.

London: J. & A. Churchill, 1872.

Digital facsimile from the Hathi Trust at this link.



Subjects: PSYCHIATRY, PSYCHOSOMATIC MEDICINE
  • 12225

Der Mechanismus der halbmondformigen Herzklappen.

Leipzig: S. Hirzel, 1872.
Using an excised pig heart preparation with tubes, a manometer, and a visualizing apparatus, Ceradini working in Carl Ludwig’s laboratory, illustrated  the mechanism of closure of the semilunar valves. He was the first to conceive that the closure of the heart valves depends not on a static back pressure, nor upon eddies, but is primarily the consequence  of the decelerated systolic efflux. See Troiani and Manni, "The work of Giulio Ceradini explaining the mechanism of semilunar cardiac valve function," Advf. Phsiol. Educ., 35 (2011) 110-113).

Digital facsimile from the Internet Archive at this link.



Subjects: CARDIOLOGY › CARDIOVASCULAR PHYSIOLOGY › Cardiovascular System
  • 12419

Eine Methode Aus Der Einen Lippe Substanzverluste Der Anderen zu Ersetzen.

Arch. klin. Chir., 14, 622-631, 1872.

The Abbe-Estlander operation, transferring a full-thickness flap from one lip of the oral cavity to fill a defect in the other lip.



Subjects: PLASTIC & RECONSTRUCTIVE SURGERY › Cleft Lip & Palate
  • 12503

Fisologia dell' amore.

Milan: Presso Giuseppe Bernardoni e la Libreria Brigola, 1872.

Through many editions and translations of his three main works of sexuality (cited in this database) Mantagazza may have been the most widely read author on sexuality in the 19th century. He was also a widely published author on various other topics.

See V. Sigusch, "The birth of sexual medicine: Paolo Mantegazza as pioneer of sexual medicine in the 19th century," J. Sex. Med., 5, 217-222.

Digital facsimile of the 1875 second edition from Google Books at this link.



Subjects: SEXUALITY / Sexology
  • 13171

The detection of criminal abortion, and a study of foeticidal drugs.

Boston: James Campbell, Publisher, 1872.

Digital facsimile from U.S. National Library of Medicine at this link.



Subjects: Forensic Medicine (Legal Medicine), OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › OBSTETRICS › Abortion
  • 13212

Autumnal catarrh (Hay fever) with three maps.

New York: Published by Hurd and Houghton & Cambridge, MA: The Riverside Press, 1872.

Wyman conducted experiments that convinced him that ragweed was a cause of hay fever. He then collected data from correspondents and published the first pollen maps of the U.S. so that sufferers could plan vacations in low pollen areas. The pollen maps cover the United States, New England States, and White Mountains and vicinity. Digital facsimile from Google Books at this link.



Subjects: ALLERGY, Cartography, Medical & Biological
  • 2587
  • 4549

On megrim, sick-headache, and some allied disorders.

London: J. & A. Churchill, 1873.

Liveing’s classic account of migraine showed the close association of this condition with tetany, asthma, and false angina pectoris, with epilepsy, and the alternation of all these conditions in the same subject or the transference permanently from one to another. Digital facsimile from the Internet Archive at this link.



Subjects: ALLERGY › Asthma, NEUROLOGY › Chronic Pain › Headache › Migraine, NEUROLOGY › Epilepsy, PAIN / Pain Management
  • 628

Principles of animal mechanics.

London: Longmans, Green & Co., 1873.

Haughton stated that the muscular mechanism is so arranged that its work is carried out with the minimum of muscular contraction. This he called the “principle of least action”. His opposition to Darwinism is especially noticed in this book.



Subjects: Biomechanics
  • 876

De la numération des globules rouges du sang I. Des méthodes de numération. II. De la richesse du sang en globules rouges dans les différentes parties de l'arbre circulatoire.

Paris: A. Parent, 1873.

In his thesis Malassez provided the initial description of the hemocytometer, which he invented, but which was named by Gowers, who modified it in 1877.  The trade issue of the thesis was published in Paris by Adrien Delahaye. See also Malassez's "Nouvelle méthode de numération des globules rouges et des globules blancs du sang", Arch. Physiol. norm. path., 2 sér., 1, (1874) 32-52. Digital facsimile of the 1873 trade edition from BnF Gallica at this link.



Subjects: HEMATOLOGY, INSTRUMENTS & TECHNOLOGIES
  • 2017.2

Immediate transfusion in England: seven cases, and the author’s method of operating.

Obstet. J. Gt. Britain, 1, 289-311., 1873.

Portable transfusion apparatus.



Subjects: THERAPEUTICS › Blood Transfusion
  • 1406.01

Iconographie photographique des centres nerveux.

Paris: J.-B. Baillière, 1873.

Contains 70 photographs of brain sections taken by Luys himself, with 64 lithographed schemas based on his drawings. Luys undertook this work when the evidence of his lithographs published in 1865 (No. 4012) was disputed. It is the first large-scale photographic atlas of the anatomy of the brain.



Subjects: ANATOMY › Neuroanatomy, IMAGING › Photography / Photomicrography , NEUROSCIENCE › NERVOUS SYSTEM › Brain, including Medulla: Cerebrospinal Fluid
  • 1701

Plan einer Mortalitäts-Statistik für Grossstädte.

Vienna: C. Gerold, 1873.

The modern methods of interpreting vital statistics of large cities were devised by von Körösi.



Subjects: DEMOGRAPHY / Population: Medical Statistics
  • 1515.1

Studien über den Flüssigkeitswechsel im Auge.

v. Graefes Arch. Ophthal., 19, Abt. II, 87-185., 1873.

Leber discovered how the ciliary body excretes intraocular fluid.



Subjects: OPHTHALMOLOGY › Physiology of Vision
  • 2302

Neue Untersuchungen über die Entzündung.

Berlin: A. Hirschwald, 1873.

Cohnheim was the master experimental pathologist of the 19th century. He was a pupil of Virchow and Kölliker; in contradiction of the former, he showed the essential feature of inflammation to be the passage of leucocytes through the capillary walls and their accumulation at the site of the injury – “ohne Gefässe keine Entzündung”. His first article on the subject will be found in Virchows Arch. path. Anat., 1867, 40, 1-79.



Subjects: CARDIOLOGY › CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE, PATHOLOGY
  • 2326

De l’unité de la phthisie. Thèse pour le doctorat en médecine. No. 50

Paris: A. Parent, 1873.

Confirmation of Villemin. Grancher in 1903 instituted the “Grancher system” – the boarding out of children from tuberculous households in France. Digital facsimile from the Internet Archive at this link.



Subjects: INFECTIOUS DISEASE › Tuberculosis
  • 2327

Die künstliche Erzeugung der Tuberkulose.

Arch. exp. Path. Pharmak., 1, 163-80., 1873.

Klebs was the first to produce experimental bovine tuberculosis (by feeding cattle with infected milk). His work confirmed the earlier researches of Villemin.



Subjects: INFECTIOUS DISEASE › Tuberculosis
  • 2328

Recherches sur l’anatomie pathologique de la tuberculose. Thèse No. 45

Paris: Aux bureaux du Mouvement médical & Librairie Duval, 1873.

Digital facsimile from the Internet Archive at this link.



Subjects: INFECTIOUS DISEASE › Tuberculosis
  • 2484

A further contribution to the natural history of bacteria and the germ theory of fermentative changes.

Quart. J. micr. Sci., n.s. 13, 380-408, 1873.

Isolation of Bacterium lactis, the specific micro-organism responsible for the lactic acid fermentation of milk.



Subjects: BACTERIOLOGY › BACTERIA (mostly pathogenic; sometimes indexed only to genus) › Gram-Positive Bacteria › Lactobacillus , MICROBIOLOGY, Zymology (Zymurgy) (Fermentation)
  • 173

Descriptive sociology: A cyclopaedia of facts; representing the constitution of every type and grade of human society, etc.

London, 1873.

Spencer founded and edited this series. 



Subjects: ANTHROPOLOGY, SOCIAL MEDICINE
  • 4832

Zur Lehre von der Tetanie nebst Bemerkungen über die Prufung der electrischen Erregbarkeit motorischer Nerven.

Arch. Psychiat. Nervenkr., 4, 271-316, 18731874.

“Erb’s sign”.



Subjects: NEUROLOGY › Tetany
  • 2225

Untersuchungen über den fieberhaften Process und seine Behandlung.

Berlin: A. Hirschwald, 1873.

Senator was a director of the Charité Hospital in Berlin and later at the university polyclinic. His study of fever represents his best work.



Subjects: Medicine: General Works
  • 3281

Fall von gutartiger Mycosis des Pharynx.

Berl. klin. Wschr., 10, 94, Berlin, 1873.

Mycosis pharyngitis first reported.



Subjects: OTORHINOLARYNGOLOGY (Ear, Nose, Throat)
  • 2588

Experimental researches on the causes and nature of catarrhus aestivus.

London: Baillière, Tindall & Cox, 1873.

Blackley showed that pollen can produce hay fever in both the asthmatic and catarrhal forms; he also showed that skin reactions were evoked in sensitive persons. 



Subjects: ALLERGY, ALLERGY › Asthma
  • 2776

Ueber schwielige Mediastino-Pericarditis und den paradoxen Puls.

Berl. klin. Wschr.10, 433-35, 445-49, 461-64, 1873.

Kussmaul introduced the concept of the “paradoxical pulse.”



Subjects: CARDIOLOGY › CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE
  • 3382

Ueber die künstliche Eröffnung des Warzenfortsatzes.

Arch. Ohrenheilk., n.F. 1, 157-87, 1873.

These workers helped to revive the mastoid operation (which had fallen into disuse), placing it on a modern basis. They described the method of opening the ear by chiselling, “Schwartze’s operation”.



Subjects: OTOLOGY › Otologic Surgery & Procedures
  • 3823

On a cretinoid state supervening in adult life in women.

Trans. clin. Soc. Lond., 7, 180-85., 18731874.

Gull was among the first to point out the cause of myxedema, of which the above paper gives a classic description. Gull was associated with Guy’s Hospital, London, for most of his life.



Subjects: ENDOCRINOLOGY › Thyroid
  • 4064

Erythema serpens.

St. Barth. Hosp. Rep., 9, 198-211, 1873.

First description of erythema serpens, usually called “erysipeloid of Rosenbach”, following the latter’s paper in Arch. klin. Chir., 1887, 36, 346.



Subjects: DERMATOLOGY › Specific Dermatoses
  • 4065

On dysidrosis (an undescribed eruption).

Brit. med. J. 2, 365-66, 1873.

Original description of dysidrosis (pompholyx).



Subjects: DERMATOLOGY › Specific Dermatoses
  • 4215.1

Lectures on Bright’s disease: with special reference to pathology, diagnosis, and treatment.

London: Smith, Elder, 1873.

Johnson showed that fatty infiltrations of the renal tubules are reflected by the presence of fatty casts and droplets in the urine, thus introducing the concept of lipoid nephrosis associated with nephrotic syndrome.



Subjects: NEPHROLOGY › Renal Disease
  • 4976

Grundzüge der physiologischen Psychologie. 2 pts.

Leipzig: Wilhelm Engelmann, 18731874.

Wundt made experimental investigations of normal individual reactions, reflex responses, and general behavior, and interpreted them in terms of neural mechanisms. He was the founder of experimental psychology, and his book remains the most important on the subject.



Subjects: PSYCHOLOGY › Biological, PSYCHOLOGY › Experimental
  • 5314

Vorkommen feinster, eine Eigenbewegung zeigender Fäden im Blute von Recurrenskranken.

Zbl. med. Wiss., 11, 145-47, 1873.

Discovery (in 1868) of Borrelia recurrentis, causative agent in relapsing fever.



Subjects: BACTERIOLOGY › BACTERIA (mostly pathogenic; sometimes indexed only to genus) › Spirochetes, BACTERIOLOGY › BACTERIA (mostly pathogenic; sometimes indexed only to genus) › Spirochetes › Borrelia , INFECTIOUS DISEASE › VECTOR-BORNE DISEASES › Lice-Borne Diseases › Relapsing Fever
  • 5029

Typhoid fever; its nature, mode of spreading, and prevention.

London: Longmans, Green & Co., 1873.

Budd insisted that typhoid fever was spread by contagion and established the fact that infection with typhoid came from the dejecta of the patients; he strengthened the theory of water-born infection. See also his earlier papers in Lancet, 1856, 2, 617, 694; 1859, 2, (several papers); 1860, 1, (several papers).



Subjects: INFECTIOUS DISEASE › Salmonellosis › Typhoid Fever
  • 5907

Zur sogenannten Commotio retinae.

Klin. Mbl. Augenheilk., 11, 42-78, 1873.

Berlin, professor of ophthalmology at Rostock, described the traumatic edema of the retina which is sometimes referred to as “Berlin’s edema”.



Subjects: OPHTHALMOLOGY › Diseases of the Eye › Retinal Diseases
  • 5908

Kératoscopie.

Rec. Ophtal., 1, 14-23, 18731874.

Introduction of the shadow test (retinoscopy), sometimes called “Cuignet’s method”.



Subjects: OPHTHALMOLOGY › Diseases of the Eye › Retinal Diseases, Optometry › Vision Tests
  • 5909

Light for the blind: A history of the origin and success of Moon’s system of reading (embossed in various languages) for the blind.

London: Longmans & Co, 1873.

Moon became totally blind at the age of 22. He taught other blind people and devised a simplified form of roman letters, embossed on paper, for use by blind readers. This was in 1845, and two years later he published his first book in Moon type. Digital facsimile from Google Books at this link.



Subjects: OPHTHALMOLOGY › Blind Education
  • 5910

Atlas der pathologischen Anatomie des Augapfels. Atlas of the pathological anatomy of the eyeball. By Ernst Pagenstecher and Carl Genth.

Weisbaden: C. W. Kreidel, 18731875.

Text in German and English; Sir W. R. Gowers was responsible for the English translation. Digital facsimile from the Bayerische StaatsBibliothek at this link.



Subjects: OPHTHALMOLOGY › Anatomy of the Eye & Orbit, PATHOLOGY, PATHOLOGY › Pathology Illustration
  • 5611

Ueber künstliche Blutleere bei Operationen.

Samml. klin. Vortr., Nr. 58 (Chir., Nr. 19), 373-84., 1873.

Esmarch bandage for surgical hemostasis. English translation New Sydenham Society, 1876.



Subjects: SURGERY: General
  • 5671

Description of a new double current inhaler for administering ether.

Brit. med. J., 1, 282-83, 1873.

Clover’s gas-ether inhaler.



Subjects: ANESTHESIA › Inhalers, INSTRUMENTS & TECHNOLOGIES › Medical Instruments › Anesthesia Inhalers
  • 6570

Danmarks Laeger og Laegevaesen fra de aeldste Tider indtil Aar 1800. 2 vols.

Copenhagen: E. Jespersen, 1873.


Subjects: COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › Denmark
  • 6393

Histoire de la médecine et des doctrines médicales. 2 vols.

Paris: Germer Baillière, 1873.


Subjects: History of Medicine: General Works
  • 4548

Ueber eine eigenthümliche Localisation von Lähmungen im Plexus brachialis.

Verh, nat.-med. Vereins. Heidelb., n.F. 1, 130-36., Heidelberg, 18731877.

“Erb’s palsy”, first described by Smellie in 1763 and later by Duchenne (No. 4543).



Subjects: NEUROLOGY › Diseases of the Nervous System
  • 7473

La scienza e la pratica della anatomia patologica.

Milan: [Privately Printed], 18731892.

Divided into six parts, as follows:

Book I: Delle alterazioni di prima formazione (on teratology)

Book II: Delle ipertrofie

Book III: Delle atrofie

Book IV: Dell’infiammazione e della mortificazione

Book V: Dei tumori da tessuto morboso

Book VI: Dell degenerazione

The work appeared in fascicules between 1873 and 1892, with Book VI issued first and the remaining books following in numerical order. The illustrations were printed by lithography and chromolithography.



Subjects: PATHOLOGY, PATHOLOGY › Pathology Illustration, TERATOLOGY
  • 7483

The depths of the sea. An account of the general results of the dredging cruises of H. M. SS. 'Porcupine' and 'Lightning during the summers of 1868, 1869, and 1870, under the scientific direction of Dr. Carpenter, F.R.S., J. Gwyn Jeffreys, F.R.S., and Dr. Wyville Thomson, F.R.S.

London: Macmillan, 1873.

Digital facsimile from the Internet Archive at this link.



Subjects: BIOLOGY › Marine Biology, BOTANY, Oceanography, VOYAGES & Travels by Physicians, Surgeons & Scientists, ZOOLOGY, ZOOLOGY › Ichthyology
  • 425
  • 7630

Die Corrosions-Anatomie und ihre Ergebnisse: mit 18 chromolithographirten Tafeln.

Vienna: Wilhelm Braumüller, 1873.

Hyrtl significantly enhanced the techniques of corrosion anatomy, a technique of preparing anatomical specimens invented by Frederik Ruysch. He built up a collection unsurpassed in Europe. In this work Hyrtl described a method that he invented in which he injected the blood supplies of the different organs, the adjacent parts being eaten away by acids, in order to show the finest ramifications. The technique of wax impregnation and later corrosion was also known to the Hunters. Digital facsimile from the Heidelberg University at this link



Subjects: ANATOMY › 19th Century, MUSEUMS › Medical, Anatomical & Pathological
  • 7803

Experimental researches in cerebral physiology and pathology.

The West Riding Lunatic Asylum Medical Reports 3, 30-96, London, 1873.

Using a variety of experimental animals, Ferrier demonstrated that various neurologic functions were controlled by separate parts of the cerebrum and that damage or loss of that part created an irrevocable and particular deficit. He showed that these areas were much more discrete as one ascended the phylogenetic scale and that, accordingly, effects of brain damage in rabbits, dogs and cats etc. could not be compared to those in monkeys, apes and human beings. Clarke & O’Malley, The Human Brain and Spinal Cord, pp. 513-14. This paper became the basis of Ferrier's book, The Functions of the Brain (1876).



Subjects: NEUROSCIENCE › NERVOUS SYSTEM › Brain, including Medulla: Cerebrospinal Fluid
  • 10482

The effects of high atmospheric pressure, including the caisson disease.

Brooklyn, NY: Eagle Print, 1873.

Classic study of caisson disease. Smith was "Late Surgeon to the New York Bridge Co. (Caisson Work)", treating workmen who built the Brooklyn Bridge. The Eads Bridge (St. Louis) and the Brooklyn Bridge (New York City) were testing grounds for caisson construction. These caissons were enormous compressed air boxes used to build riverine piers and abutments anchoring the bridges. Caisson meant faster and cheaper construction, but there was a hidden cost- caisson disease (decompression sickness). Within caissons, workers labored at pressures as high as 55 psig. Digital facsimile from the Internet Archive at this link. See also Smith's The physiological, pathological and therapeutical effects of compressed air. (Detroit: George S. Davis, 1886). Digital facsimile of the 1886 work from Google Books at this link.



Subjects: Altitude or Undersea Physiology & Medicine, OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH & MEDICINE , U.S.: CONTENT OF PUBLICATIONS BY STATE › New York
  • 10796

The medical department of the United States army from 1775 to 1873. Compiled under the direction of the Surgeon General by Harvey E. Brown.

Washington, DC: Surgeon General's Office, 1873.

Digital facsimile from the Internet Archive at this link.



Subjects: COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › United States (See also state listings under U.S.), MILITARY MEDICINE & HYGIENE › History of Military Medicine
  • 11212

Catalogue of the Library of the Surgeon General's Office, United States Army. 3 vols.

Washington, DC: Government Printing Office, 1873.

The first formal published catalogue of the ancestor of the US National Library of Medicine, prepared under the supervision of John Shaw Billings. Vols. 1-2 represented an author catalogue A-Z. Vol. 3: Supplement: Anonymous, transactions, reports, periodicals.

In his preface Billings wrote that the library contained "about 25,000 volumes, and 15,000 single pamphlets, and the present catalogue gives about 50,000 titles exclusive of cross-references...." Digital facsimile from the Internet Archive at this link.



Subjects: BIBLIOGRAPHY › Catalogues of Institutional Medical Libraries
  • 11333

Découverte d’un squelette humain de l’époque paléolithique dans les cavernes des Baoussé-Roussé dites grottes de Menton.

Paris: J.-B. Baillière et fils & Menton: chez l'Auteur, 1873.

In March 1872 Rivière discovered an entire fossil human skeleton in a cave at Menton, in the south of France near the Italian border. The skeleton, later known as “Menton man,” closely resembles the Cro-Magnon remains, later classified as European Early Modern Humans, from the Dordogne region. Rivière had the skeleton photographed in situ by Anfossi and Radiguet; two of their superb original photographs serve as plates to the present work. These appear to be the earliest published photographs of fossil humans. 

The Menton skeleton was displayed at the Natural History Museum in Paris in 1872; it was the first fossil human to be presented to the public in a museum in France or possibly anywhere.

Digital facsimile from Google Books at this link.



Subjects: EVOLUTION › Human Origins / Human Evolution, IMAGING › Photography / Photomicrography
  • 11388

Letter of Johns Hopkins to the trustees of "The Johns Hopkins Hospital".

Baltimore, MD: [Privately Printed], 1873.

The letter published in this 12-page pamphlet was dated March 10th, 1873. It outlined financier and philanthropist Johns Hopkins' planned bequest and general plans for the Johns Hopkins Hospital. Hopkins died in December 1873. The Johns Hopkins Hospital was opened in 1889. This and the Johns Hopkins school of medicine are considered the founding institutions of modern American medicine, and the birthplace of numerous medical traditions including rounds, residents and house staff.

Digital facsimile from the U.S. National Library of Medicine at this link.



Subjects: American (U.S.) Contributions to Medicine & the Life Sciences, HOSPITALS, U.S.: CONTENT OF PUBLICATIONS BY STATE › Maryland
  • 11444

Cleave's Biographical cyclopaedia of homoeopathic physicians and surgeons.

Philadelphia: Galaxy Publishing Company, 1873.

The first biographical encyclopedia of American homeopathic physicians and surgeons. Digital facsimile from the Internet Archive at this link.



Subjects: ALTERNATIVE, Complimentary & Pseudomedicine › Homeopathy, BIOGRAPHY (Reference Works)
  • 11565

Removal of a needle from the heart. Recovery of the patient.

Med. chir. Trans., 88, 203-212, 1873.

"The first occasion on which a surgeon deliberately operated on an injured heart was in October 1872. This followed a brawl in a public house in East London, after which a 31-year-old man could not find a needle he usually kept in the left side of his coat. The next day he attended St. Bartholomew's Hospital, but the need was not found. Nine days later, pain and discomfort persisted, and on return to St. Bartholomew's he was admitted. The surgeon, George Callender, explored the area of discomfort and made an incision between the ribs. He eventually located the needle, which was embedded in the myocardium close to the apex. The needle was removed and the patient made an uneventful recovery" (Westaby and Bosher, Landmarks in cardiac surgery, 14).



Subjects: CARDIOVASCULAR (Cardiac) SURGERY
  • 11749

Heart studies in Australia, with observations on aneurism of the aorta.

Melbourne, Australia: Published by the Author, 1873.

The first book on heart disease written by an Australian physician and published in Australia.



Subjects: CARDIOLOGY › CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE › Aneurysms, CARDIOLOGY › CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE › Heart & Aorta, Diseases of, COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › Australia
  • 12261

Eine periodische Function des isolirten Froschherzen.

Ber. Ver. Ges. Wiss. Leipzig, 25, 11-94, 1873.

"Using an isolated frog heart preparation with ligatures around the atria, Luigi Luciani, an Italian physiologist working in 1873 in Carl Ludwig’s famous laboratory in Leipzig, was the first to demonstrate cardiac group beating, which he named periodic rhythm. He attributed this to increased resistance to impulse propagation between the atria and the ventricle. Karel F. Wenckebach, in his 1899 landmark report of group beating in a patient in which he also used pulse tracings, credited Luciani with this discovery. Wenckebach referred to the phenomena as “Luciani periods" (Upshaw & Silverman, "Luigi Luciani and the earliest graphic demonstration of Wenckebach periodicity," Circulation, 101 (2000) 2662–2668.



Subjects: CARDIOLOGY › CARDIOVASCULAR PHYSIOLOGY › Cardiac Electrophysiology
  • 12879

A monograph of the Paradiseidae or birds of paradise.

London: Printed for the subscribers, 1873.

This work contains 36 plates by lithographed Joseph Smit from drawings by Joseph Wolf, and handcolored by J.D. White. Wolf was regarded as the greatest bird artist of his time. Among the birds of paradise there are some of the most colorful and spectacular birds, and these plates (with those of the male pheasants) proved that Wolf was equally talented at painting exotic, highly colourful birds ... and the published prints show the extraordinary coloration of the birds of paradise, including iridescent feathers’ (K. Schulze-Hagen & A. Geus, Joseph Wolf (1820-1899) animal painter, 212). In the preface of the book Elliot comments, "The drawings of Mr. Wolf will, I am sure, receive the admiration of those who see them; for, like all that artist's productions, they cannot be surpassed, if equalled, at the present time. Mr. J. Smit has lithographed the drawings with his usual conscientious fidelity, and his share of the work has left me nothing to desire... In the colouring of the plates Mr. J.D. White has faithfully followed the originals; and in the difficult portions where it was necessary to produce metallic hues, he has been very successful."

Digital facsimile from Biodiversity Heritage Library at this link.



Subjects: ZOOLOGY › Illustration, ZOOLOGY › Ornithology
  • 823

Beiträge zur Theorie der Herz-und Arterientöne.

Dtsch. Arch. klin. Med., 15, 77-98, 1874.


Subjects: CARDIOLOGY › CARDIOVASCULAR PHYSIOLOGY
  • 4550

Klinik der Rückenmarks-Krankheiten.

Berlin: A. Hirschwald, 18741875.

One of Leyden’s best works. He was Professor of Medicine at Berlin, Königsberg, and Strassburg. In vol. 2, p. 65, of the above is given an account of “Leyden’s paralysis”, a form of hemiplegia probably first described in 1856 by Gubler (see No. 4531).



Subjects: NEUROLOGY › Diseases of the Nervous System
  • 4551

Headaches, from heat-stroke, from fevers, after meningitis, from overuse of brain, from eyestrain.

Med. surg. Reporter, 31, 67-71, 1874.

Mitchell drew attention to the importance of eyestrain as a cause of headache.



Subjects: INFECTIOUS DISEASE › Neuroinfectious Diseases › Meningitis, NEUROLOGY › Chronic Pain › Headache, NEUROLOGY › Diseases of the Nervous System, OPHTHALMOLOGY › Neuro-ophthalmology, PAIN / Pain Management
  • 4552

Post-paralytic chorea.

Amer. J. med. Sci., 68, 342-52, 1874.

First description.



Subjects: NEUROLOGY › Movement Disorders › Chorea
  • 4623

Der aphasische Symptomencomplex.

Wroclaw (Vratislava, Breslau): M. Cohn & Weigert, 1874.

Sensory aphasia (“Wernicke’s aphasia”). Wernicke did important work on the localization of aphasia; he included in his book accounts of alexia and agraphia. English translation in Boston Studies in the Philosophy of Science, edited by R. Cohen and W. Wartofsky, Dordrecht: Reidel, 1969, pp. 3497.



Subjects: NEUROLOGY › Aphasia, Agraphia, Agnosia
  • 1012

Ueber das Trypsin.

Verh. naturh.-med. Ver. Heidelberg, n.F. 1, 194-98, 18741877.

Isolation of trypsin.



Subjects: GASTROENTEROLOGY › Anatomy & Physiology of Digestion
  • 875

An account of certain organisms occurring in the liquor sanguinis.

Proc. roy. Soc. (Lond.), (1873), 22, 391-98, 1874.

One of the best early descriptions of the blood platelets was given by Osler. He noticed that white thrombi were almost entirely composed of them.



Subjects: HEMATOLOGY
  • 442

A sketch of the early history of practical anatomy.

Philadelphia: J. B. Lippincott, 1874.

Reprinted in Keen’s Addresses and other papers, Philadelphia, 1905.



Subjects: ANATOMY › History of Anatomy
  • 1110

Anatomie, physiologie, pathologie des vaisseaux lymphatiques.

Paris: A. Delahaye & E. Lecrosnier, 18741875.

Notable for its illustrations.



Subjects: ANATOMY › Anatomical Illustration, Lymphatic System
  • 2174

Chirurgische Beobachtungen aus dem Kriege.

Berlin: August Hirschwald, 1874.

Digital facsimile from the Internet Archive at this link.



Subjects: MILITARY MEDICINE & HYGIENE
  • 4742

Des amyotrophies spinales chroniques.

Progr. med., 2, 573-74, 1874.

Charcot differentiated between the ordinary (Aran–Duchenne) type of muscular atrophy and the rarer amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, (ALS), at one time called “Charcot’s disease,” but more frequently designated today as Lou Gehrig's disease.



Subjects: NEUROLOGY › Myopathies
  • 493

Anthropogenie oder Entwicklungsgeschichte des Menschen.

Leipzig: Wilhelm Engelmann, 1874.


Subjects: EMBRYOLOGY, EVOLUTION
  • 494

Unsere Körperform und das physiologische Problem ihrer Entstehung.

Leipzig: F. C. W. Vogel, 1874.

In this work His compared the various layers and organs of the embryo to a series of elastic tubes and plates. He thought that the local inequalities of growth and the differences in the consistency of the tissues might account for the various organs and structures. This work led to the idea of “developmental mechanics”.



Subjects: EMBRYOLOGY
  • 1365

Ueber die Functionen des Lendenmarks des Hundes.

Pflüg. Arch. ges. Physiol. 8, 460-98. See No. 1364, 1874.


Subjects: NEUROSCIENCE › NERVOUS SYSTEM › Spinal Cord
  • 1235

Versuche über den Vorgang der Harnabsonderung.

Pflüg. Arch. ges. Physiol., 9, 1-27, 1874.

Heidenhain’s “secretion” theory of renal function.



Subjects: Genito-Urinary System › Kidney: Urinary Secretion, NEPHROLOGY › Renal Physiology
  • 2018

Auflösung der rothen Blutzellen.

Zbl. med. Wiss., 12, 419-22., 1874.

Landois discovered the hemolyzing effect of blood serum of one species when transfused into another.



Subjects: THERAPEUTICS › Blood Transfusion
  • 120

Die Gastraea-Theorie, die phylogenetische Classification des Thierreichs und die Homologie der Keimblätter.

Jena. Z. Naturw., 8, 1-55, 1874.

Haeckel’s gastraea theory, which considers the two-layered gastrula the ancestral form of multicellular animals.



Subjects: BIOLOGY, EVOLUTION
  • 1406.1

Investigations into the functions of the human brain.

Amer. J. med. Sci., 67, 305-13., 1874.

Bartholow confirmed in man the findings of Fritsch and Hitzig (No. 1405) that electrical stimulus of the cortex on one side stimulated muscles on the other side of the body.



Subjects: NEUROSCIENCE › NERVOUS SYSTEM › Brain, including Medulla: Cerebrospinal Fluid, Neurophysiology
  • 1407

Anatomischer Nachweis zweier Gehimcentra.

Zbl. med. Wiss., 12, 578-80, 595-99., 1874.

Discovery of the giant pyramidal cells of the motor cortex.



Subjects: NEUROSCIENCE › NERVOUS SYSTEM › Brain, including Medulla: Cerebrospinal Fluid
  • 1408

Untersuchungen über das Gehirn.

Berlin: A. Hirschwald, 1874.

Hitzig accurately defined the limits of the motor area in the cerebral cortex of the dog and the monkey.



Subjects: NEUROSCIENCE › NERVOUS SYSTEM › Brain, including Medulla: Cerebrospinal Fluid
  • 2032

Pharmacographia. A history of the principal drugs of vegetable origin met with in Great Britain and British India.

London: Macmillan, 1874.

Digital facsimile from the Biodiversity Heritage Library at this link.



Subjects: COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › England (United Kingdom), COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › India, PHARMACOLOGY › PHARMACEUTICALS › Materia medica / Herbals / Herbal Medicines
  • 1516

Ueber die Kreuzung der Fasern im Chiasma nervorum opticorum.

v. Graefes Arch. Ophthal., 20, 2 Abt., 249-68; 25, 1 Abt., 1-56., 18741879.

Important studies on the partial decussation of optic paths.



Subjects: OPHTHALMOLOGY › Physiology of Vision
  • 2436

Indberetning til det Norske mediciniske Selskab i Christiania om en med understottelse af selskabet foretaghen reise for at anstille undersogelser angaende spedalskhedens arsager, tidels udforte sammen med forstander Hartwig.

Norsk. Mag. f Laegevidensk., 3 R., 4, 9 Heft, 1-88; Case reports, i-liii., 1874.

Hansen discovered the leprosy bacillus on 28 February 1873. He had been stimulated by the previous work of Danielssen and Boeck, and his own demonstration of the leprosy bacillus is one of the earliest observations of pathogenic bacteria. For an English translation of the paper see Brit. for. med. -chir. Rev., 1875, 55, 459-89.



Subjects: BACTERIOLOGY › BACTERIA (mostly pathogenic; sometimes indexed only to genus) › Gram-Positive Bacteria › Mycobacterium , DERMATOLOGY, INFECTIOUS DISEASE › Leprosy
  • 4845

Anorexia nervosa (apepsia hysterica, anorexia hysterica).

Trans. clin. Soc. Lond., 7, 22-28, London, 1874.

Classic description of anorexia nervosa.



Subjects: PSYCHIATRY, PSYCHIATRY › Neuroses & Psychoneuroses
  • 1972

A treatise on therapeutics.

Philadelphia: J. B. Lippincott, 1874.

Wood was a professor of botany (1866-76), therapeutics (1875-1907) and nervous diseases (1875-1901) in the University of Pennsylvania. In his book the effects of various drugs in small doses was first discussed; it also contains a standard classification of drugs.



Subjects: PHARMACOLOGY, THERAPEUTICS
  • 3282

Ueber die erste durch Th. Billroth am Menschen ausgeführte Kehlkopf-Exstirpation und die Anwendung eines künstlichen Kehlkopfes.

Verh. dtsch. Ges. Chir., 3, Heft 2, 76-89, 1874.

The first complete excision of the larynx for cancer, performed by Billroth on 31 December 1873 and reported by Gussenbauer. The patient left the hospital in good state on 3 March 1874. Also published in Arch. klin. Chir., 1874, 17, 343-56.



Subjects: ONCOLOGY & CANCER, OTORHINOLARYNGOLOGY (Ear, Nose, Throat) › Laryngology, SURGERY: General › Surgical Oncology
  • 3623

Contribution à l’étude de l’hépatite interstitielle chronique avec hypertrophie (sclérose ou cirrhose hypertrophique du foie).

Arch. Physiol. norm. path., 2 sér., 1, 126-57., 1874.

Classic description of chronic interstitial hepatitis.



Subjects: HEPATOLOGY › Diseases of the Liver, INFECTIOUS DISEASE › Hepatitis
  • 3824

Excision of the thyroid gland.

Edinb. med. J., 19, 252-55., 1874.

Watson was a pioneer of thyroidectomy in the treatment of goitre, although Green (No. 3814) was the first to perform the operation. Also in Brit. med. J., 1875, 2, 386-88.



Subjects: ENDOCRINOLOGY › Thyroid
  • 2906.1

The etiology of Bright’s disease and the prealbuminuric stage.

Med. chir. Trans., 57, 197-228, 1874.

Mahomed proved that cases of “arteriocapillary fibrosis” were hypertensive, and showed that they may occur without renal involvement.



Subjects: CARDIOLOGY › CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE › Arterial Disease, NEPHROLOGY › Renal Disease › Nephritis
  • 3383

Vertiges ab aure laesa (maladie de Menière).

Gaz. Hôp. (Paris), 47, 73-74, Paris, 1874.

Charcot completed the description of the syndrome first described by Menière.



Subjects: OTOLOGY › Diseases of the Ear
  • 3384

Atlas of the membrana tympani.

London: H. S. King, 1874.


Subjects: OTOLOGY › Anatomy of the Ear
  • 3385

The questions of aural surgery.

London: H. S. King, 1874.

Hinton was one of the most eminent aural surgeons in England during the latter half of the 19th century, and the first Aural Surgeon to Guy’s Hospital. In 1868 he performed the first operation for mastoiditis in England. He proved that aural polypus originated within the tympanum and that cholesteatomata might prove fatal by eroding the bone.



Subjects: OTOLOGY › Otologic Surgery & Procedures
  • 3939

Zur Lehre vom diabetes mellitus.

Dtsch. Arch. klin. Med., 14, 1-46., 1874.

Kussmaul explained diabetic coma as being due to acetonemia. He described the air-hunger (“Kussmaul’s respiration”) present in this condition. Partial English translation in No. 2241.



Subjects: Metabolism & Metabolic Disorders › Diabetes
  • 4261

Di un nuovo cauterizzatore ed incisore termo-galvanico contro le iscurie da ipertrofia prostatica.

Galvani (Bologna), 2, 437-52., Bologna, 1874.

Bottini’s galvano-cautery for relief of prostatic obstruction.



Subjects: UROLOGY › Prostate
  • 4066

On mycetoma, or the fungus disease of India.

London: J. & A. Churchill, 1874.

See No. 4047.



Subjects: COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › India, DERMATOLOGY › Specific Dermatoses, Mycology, Medical, TROPICAL Medicine
  • 4938

Die Katatonie.

Berlin: A. Hirschwald, 1874.

In 1869 Kahlbaum suggested catatonia as a separate disease entity and in 1874 his classic monograph appeared. English translation, Baltimore, 1973



Subjects: PSYCHIATRY
  • 5911

Om den medfödda, färgblindhetens diagnostic och teori.

Nord. med. Ark., 6, Nr. 24, 1-21; Nr. 28, 1-35, 1874.

Holmgren introduced the wool-skein test for the diagnosis of color-blindness.



Subjects: GENETICS / HEREDITY › HEREDITARY / CONGENITAL DISEASES OR DISORDERS › Color-Blindness, Optometry › Vision Tests
  • 5772

On disease of the mammary areola preceding cancer of the mammary gland.

St. Barth. Hosp. Rep., 10, 87-89., London, 1874.

First description of “Paget’s disease of the nipple” –eczema of the nipple with cancer. The paper is reprinted in Med. Classics, 1936, 1, 75-78. Paget was Sergeant Surgeon to Queen Victoria, and a great surgical pathologist. He was associated with St. Bartholomew’s Hospital during most of his life.



Subjects: ONCOLOGY & CANCER, SURGERY: General › Diseases of the Breast
  • 5672

De l’anesthésie produite chez l’homme par les injections de chloral dans des veines.

C. R. Acad. Sci. (Paris), 78, 515-17, 651-54., 1874.

First successful human intravenous anesthesia. Oré, professor of physiology at Bordeaux, reported the successful use of this method in animals in Bull. Soc. Chir. Paris, 1872, 3 sér., 1, 400-12. See also his monograph on the subject, Paris, 1875.



Subjects: ANESTHESIA › Intravenous Anesthesia
  • 5426

Anatomische Beiträge zur Lehre von den Pocken. 2 pts.

Wroclaw (Vratislava, Breslau): M. Cohn & Weigert, 18741875.

In the course of his important studies on smallpox, Weigert carried out the first successful staining of bacteria (see No. 2482). His fine description of the destructive effects of the smallpox virus on the skin led to the coining of the term “coagulation necrosis” as a name for the process causing the development of the lesions.



Subjects: DERMATOLOGY, INFECTIOUS DISEASE › Smallpox
  • 6616

Le Parnasse médicale français.

Paris: A. Delahaye, 1874.

Dictionary of French medical poets.



Subjects: LITERATURE / Philosophy & Medicine & Biology › Poetry
  • 5235

De la fièvre bilieuse mélanurique des pays chauds comparée avec la fièvre jaune.

Paris: A. Delahaye, 1874.

An important description of blackwater fever. Berenger-Féraud had experience of the disease in French West Africa.



Subjects: INFECTIOUS DISEASE, INFECTIOUS DISEASE › VECTOR-BORNE DISEASES › Mosquito-Borne Diseases › Malaria
  • 6760.1

Bibliographie des sciences médicales.

Paris: Librairie Tross, 1874.

Cites books and articles. Author index.  Begun by Daremberg and completed by Pauly. 



Subjects: BIBLIOGRAPHY › Bibliographical Classics
  • 3466
  • 6357.54

A successful case of abdominal section for intussusception.

Med.-chir. Trans., 57, 31-75, 1874.

In 1871 Hutchinson was the first successfully to operate on a case of intussusception in a two year-old infant. Preliminary account in Med. chir. Trans., 1876, 41 (2nd ser.), 99-102.



Subjects: GASTROENTEROLOGY › Esophagus: Stomach: Duodenum: Intestines, Pediatric Surgery
  • 6585

Contributions to the annals of medical progress and medical education in the United States before and during the War of Independence.

Washington, DC: Government Printing Office, 1874.

Digital facsimile from the Hathi Trust at this link.



Subjects: American (U.S.) REVOLUTIONARY WAR MEDICINE › History of U.S. Revolutionary War Medicine, COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › United States (See also state listings under U.S.), Education, Biomedical, & Biomedical Profession › History of Biomedical Education & Medical Profession
  • 5753

Ueber die feineren anatomischen Veränderungen bei Aufheilung von Haut auf Granulationen.

Verh. dtsch. Ges. Chir., 3, 69-75, 1874.

Thiersch’s first paper on transplantation of skin. Simultaneous publication in Arch. klin. Chir., 1874, 17, 318-24. English translation in No. 5768.2.



Subjects: DERMATOLOGY, PLASTIC & RECONSTRUCTIVE SURGERY › Skin Grafting, TRANSPLANTATION › Skin Grafting
  • 3283

Rareficirender, trockner Katarrh der Nasenrachenhöhle und des Rachens (Atrophie). In: H. von Ziemssen’s Handbuch der speciellen Pathologie, 7, 1, 313-16.

1874.

First description of “Tornwaldt’s bursitis”, an inflammatory condition of the pharyngeal tonsil, so named from the latter’s description of it in 1885 (see No. 3295).



Subjects: OTORHINOLARYNGOLOGY (Ear, Nose, Throat)
  • 6854

The encyclopedia of pure materia medica. A record of the positive of effects of drugs upon the healthy human organism. 10 vols.

New York: Boericke & Tafel, 18741879.

With contributions by Richard Hughes of England; Constantine Hering of Philadelphia; Carroll Dunham of New York; Adolph Lippe of Philadelphia and others. This massive work is almost a complete record of all provings and poisonings recorded to date.



Subjects: ALTERNATIVE, Complimentary & Pseudomedicine › Homeopathy, Encyclopedias
  • 7443

The naturalist in Nicaragua: A narrative of a residence at the gold mines of Chontales; journeys in the savannahs and forests, with observations on animals and plants in reference to the theory of evolution of living forms.

London: John Murray, 1874.

In this book Belt first described "the mutualistic relationship of certain Acacias and the ant we now know as Pseudomyrmex spinicola. These are a species of red myrmecophyte-inhabiting neotropical ants which are found only in Nicaragua and Costa Rica. They live in the thorns of a tropical tree, Acacia collinsii, feeding on nectaries along with the protein and lipid-rich pods produced by the plant for the ants and now known as Belsian bodies (or Beltian bodies) in honor of Belt" (Wikipedia article on Thomas Belt, accessed 07-31-2016).

Digital facsimile from the Biodiversity Heritage Library at this link.



Subjects: BOTANY, COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › Nicaragua, EVOLUTION, VOYAGES & Travels by Physicians, Surgeons & Scientists, ZOOLOGY › Arthropoda › Entomology
  • 7479

Statistical atlas of the United States based on the results of the ninth census 1870, with contributions from many eminent men of science and several departments of the government.

Washington, DC: Government Printing Office, 1874.

This oversized compendium of maps, graphs, statistical tables, and essays was the first comprehensive thematic atlas produced by any nation.  It was hailed both at home and abroad for its innovative use of graphic elements to distill and display complex data, including medical and population statistics and epidemiology. When he conceived and supervised production and publication of this work Walker was Chief of the U. S. Bureau of Statistics and superintendent of the 1870 census. The 60 large maps, most of which were printed in color, were chromolithographed in New York by Julius Bien, who produced the plates for the first American full-size reissue of portions of Audubon's Birds of America (1858-60). Kinnahan, "Charting Progress: Francis Amasa Walker's Statistical Atlas of the United States and Narratives of Western ExpansionOffsite Link," American Quarterly 60 (2008) 399-423. Digital facsimile from the Library of Congress at this link.



Subjects: Bioclimatology, Cartography, Medical & Biological, DEMOGRAPHY / Population: Medical Statistics, DEMOGRAPHY / Population: Medical Statistics › Graphic Display of, GRAPHIC DISPLAY of Medical & Scientific Information, Geography of Disease / Health Geography
  • 7498

Catalogue of the preparations of comparative anatomy in the Museum of Guy's Hospital.

London: Ash & Comp., 1874.

Digital facsimile from the Internet Archive at this link.



Subjects: COMPARATIVE ANATOMY, MUSEUMS › Medical, Anatomical & Pathological
  • 7705

Sur les crânes artificiellement perforés à l'époque des dolmens.

Bulletin et Mémoires de Société d'Anthropologie, Paris, IX, 185-205., Paris, 1874.

Prunières separated postmortem trepanations and rondelles from antemortem operations, and also described tuberculous lesions in Neolithic bones.



Subjects: ANTHROPOLOGY › Medical Anthropology, INFECTIOUS DISEASE › Tuberculosis, NEUROSURGERY › Head Injuries, PATHOLOGY › Paleopathology
  • 7848

The nature of gunshot wounds of the abdomen, and their treatment: Based on a review of the case of the late James Fisk, Jr., in its medico-legal aspects.

New York: William Wood, 1874.

Peugnet argued that over-medication, and not the pistol shot, caused Fisk's death. Peugnet, a surgeon who had served in the American Civil War, died at the early age of 43, having been struck by a locomotive while absent-mindedly standing on a railroad track. Digital facsimile from Google Books at this link.



Subjects: Forensic Medicine (Legal Medicine), SURGERY: General , TOXICOLOGY
  • 9592

La médecine en France, hommes et doctrines depuis l'antiquité jusqu'à nos jours; avec introduction, notes et supplément par A[uguste] Le Pileur. Ouvrage publié sur la dernière édition de l'Histoire des français des divers états, couronnée deux fois par l'Académie française.

Paris: Bibliothéque Nouvelle, 1874.

One of the pioneer histories of medicine in France. "He [Monteil] boasted of having been the first to write really 'national' history, and he wished further to show this in a memoir entitled L'Influence de l'histoire des divers etats, ou comment fill allée la France si elle est eu cette histoire. (1840; reprinted in 1841 under the title: Les Français pour la premiere fois dans l'histoire de France, ou poetique de l'histoire des divers etats).[1]  Monteil did not invent the history of civilization, but he was one of the first in France, and perhaps in Europe, to point out its extreme importance. He revised the third edition of his history himself (5 vols, 1848); a fourth appeared after his death with a preface by Jules Janin (5 vols, 1853)" (Wikipedia). Digital facsimile from the Hathi Trust at this link.



Subjects: COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › France, History of Medicine: General Works
  • 9643

Shadows from the walls of death: Facts and inferences prefacing a book of specimens of arsenical wall papers.

Lansing, MI: W. S. George, 1874.

To drive home the dangers of arsenic in wallpaper Kedzie took the step of publishing one of the most unusual books ever issued: Shadows from the Walls of Death: Facts and Inferences Prefacing a Book of Specimens of Arsenical Wall Papers, a large volume measuring about 22 x 30 inches containing a title page and an 8 page preface followed by 86 samples cut from rolls of arsenic impregnated wallpaper. These volumes Kedzig donated to libraries throughout the State of Michigan. On May 12, 2012 The Ann Arbor Chronicle reported that only two of the one hundred copies remain extant in Michigan, one at the University of Michigan in Ann Arbor and the other at Michigan State University in East Lansing. Both copies remain toxic. The copy in Ann Arbor has all leaves encapsulated for safety, and can be handled only with gloves. 

Two other copies of Shadows, also toxic, are preserved at Harvard University Medical School, and the National Library of Medicine. Digital facsimile from the U.S. National Library of Medicine at this link.



Subjects: PUBLIC HEALTH, TOXICOLOGY
  • 10127

La matière médicale chez les chinois.

Paris: G. Masson, 1874.

Digital facsimile from BnFGallica at this link.



Subjects: China, Practice of Medicine in, Chinese Medicine , PHARMACOLOGY › PHARMACEUTICALS › Materia medica / Herbals / Herbal Medicines
  • 10260

The marine mammals of the north-western coast of North America described and illustrated together with an account of the American whale-fishery.

San Francisco, CA: John H. Carmany and Company & New York: G. P. Putnam’s Sons, 1874.

Digital facsimile from the Biodiversity Heritage Library at this link.



Subjects: ZOOLOGY › Mammalogy, ZOOLOGY › Mammalogy › Marine Mammals, ZOOLOGY › Mammalogy › Marine Mammals › Cetacea
  • 11087

On the action of organic acids and their anydrides on the natural alkaloïds. Part I.

J. chem. Soc., 27, 1031-1043, 1874.

In quest of a non-addictive alternative to morphine, Wright experimented with combining morphine with various acids. He boiled anhydrous morphine alkaloid with acetic anhydride over a stove for several hours and produced a more potent, acetylated form of morphine, now called diamorphine (or diacetylmorphine), also known as heroin. After Wright's death, Heinrich Dreser, a chemist at Bayer Laboratories, continued to test heroin. Bayer marketed it as an analgesic[3] and 'sedative for coughs' in 1898. When its addictive potential was recognized, Bayer ceased its production in 1913. (Wikipedia article Charles Romley Alder Wright).

Digital facsimile from the Hathi Trust at this link.



Subjects: PHARMACOLOGY › PHARMACEUTICALS › Botanic Sources of Single Component Drugs › Opium › Morphine › Heroin
  • 11093

Die Spermatozoen einiger Wirbelthiere. Ein Beitrag zur Histochemie.

Verh. naturf. Ges. Basel, 6, 138-208, 1874.

Miescher first isolated DNA and identified it as an acid through chemical analysis of salmon spermatozoa.  See Ralf Dahm, "Discovering DNA: Friedrich Miescher and the early years of nucleic acid research," Human Genetics, 122 (2008) 565-581.



Subjects: BIOCHEMISTRY, BIOLOGY › MOLECULAR BIOLOGY › Nucleic Acids
  • 11129

Répertoire bibliographique des médecins et des pharmaciens de la marine française 1698-1873.

Paris: J.-B. Baillière, 1874.

Digital facsimile from Google Books at this link.



Subjects: BIOGRAPHY (Reference Works), COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › France, MILITARY MEDICINE & HYGIENE › Navy
  • 11619

Atlas der pathologischen Topographie des Auges. 3 vols.

Vienna: W. Braumüller, 18741878.


Subjects: OPHTHALMOLOGY › Diseases of the Eye
  • 11789

Field ornithology. Comprising a manual of instruction for procuring, preparing and preserving birds and a check list of North American birds.

Salem, MA: Naturalists' Agency, 1874.

This work incorporated Coues' A check list of North American birds (1873). Coues had the check list portion of this work printed with the versos blank so that users could enter in their own information. Digital facsimile from the Hathi Trust at this link.



Subjects: ZOOLOGY › Ornithology
  • 12064

Untersuchungen über die Vegetationsformen von Coccobacteria septica und den Antheil, Welchen sie an der Enstehung und Verbreitung der accidentellen Wundkrankheiten Haben. Versuch einer wissenschaftlichen Kritik der verscheidenen Methoden antiseptischer Wundbehandlung.

Berlin: Georg Reimer, 1874.

Billroth provided the first account of streptocci wound infection, calling the bacteria Coccobacteria septica. When Billroth introduced antisepic techniques in his surgical practice the number of surgical patients with these infections dramatically decreased. Digital facsimile from the Internet Archive at this link.



Subjects: BACTERIOLOGY › BACTERIA (mostly pathogenic; sometimes indexed only to genus) › Gram-Positive Bacteria › Streptococcus , SURGERY: General › Antisepsis / Asepsis, SURGERY: General › Wound Healing
  • 12705

The Last Journals of David Livingstone, in Central Africa. From eighteen hundred and sixty-five to his death. Continued by a narrative of his last Moments and sufferings, obtained from his faithful servants, Chuma and Susi, by Horace Waller, F.R.G.S.

London: John Murray, 1874.

"Livingstone’s most famous expedition was in 1866–73, when he traversed much of central Africa in an attempt to find the source of the Nile. This book contains the daily journals that Livingstone kept on this expedition, from his first entry on January 28, 1866, when he arrived at Zanzibar (in present-day Tanzania), to his last on April 27, 1873, four days before he died from malaria and dysentery in a village near Lake Bangweulu in present-day Zambia. In his more than seven-year journey, Livingstone was assisted by friendly African chiefs and at times by Arab slave traders, whose activities he abhorred. His journals contain detailed observations on the people, plants, animals, topography, and climate of central Africa, as well as on the slave trade. The journals also provide Livingstone’s account of his meeting with Henry Morton Stanley in the fall of 1871. Stanley had been sent by the New York Herald to find the explorer, but was unable to convince him to return to England. Livingstone’s last entry reads: “Knocked up quite, and remain—recover—sent to buy milch-goats. We are on the banks of the Molilamo.” After Livingstone’s death, his African servants Susi and Chuma saved the journals for transport to England, where they were edited and published by Livingstone’s friend Horace Waller" (wdl.org/en/item 2566/)
Digital facsimile from Google Books at this link.



Subjects: BIOGRAPHY (Reference Works) › Autobiography, BIOGRAPHY (Reference Works) › Biographies of Individuals, COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › Africa, VOYAGES & Travels by Physicians, Surgeons & Scientists
  • 2
  • 3
  • 6467.9

Papyros Ebers: Das hermetische Buch über die Arzeneimittel der alten Ägypter in hieratischer Schrift, herausgegeben mit Inhaltsangabe und Einleitung versehen von Georg Ebers, mit Hieroglyphisch-Lateinischem Glossar von Ludwig [Christian] Stern, mit Unterstützung des Königlich Sächsischen Cultusministerium. 2 vols.

Leipzig: Wilhelm Engelmann, 1875.

The Ebers Papyrus dates from about 1552 BCE. It measures 20.23 m. in length and 30 cm. in height, and is, along with the Edwin Smith Papyrus, one of the two most important surviving medical papyri. It was written in hieratic script and contains the most complete surviving record of Egyptian medicine, and dentistry, referring to diseases of the teeth and offering various toothache remedies. Like the Edwin Smith Papyrus, the Ebers Papyrus came into the possession of Edwin Smith (1822-1906) in 1862. The source of the papyrus is unknown, but it was said to have been found between the legs of a mummy in the Assassif district of the Theban necropolis. The papyrus remained in the collection of Edwin Smith until at least 1869 when it apeared in the catalog of an antiquities dealer, described as "a large medical papyrus in the possession of Edwin Smith, an American farmer of Luxor." It was purchased by Egyptologist Georg Ebers in 1873-74, who published the first edition of the text in facsimile with an introduction in 1875. It was translated into German as Papyros Ebers. Das älteste Buch über Heilkunde. Aus dem Aegyptischen zum erstenmal vollständig übersetzt von H. Joachim (Berlin, 1890). The papyrus was translated into English by B[endix Joachim] Ebell as The papyrus Ebers. The greatest Egyptian medical document. (Copenhagen: Levin & Munksgaard: London: Oxford University Press, 1937). It was retranslated by Paul Ghalioungui and published in 1987. See No. 8315. Digital facsimile of vol. 1 of the 1875 edition from Heidelberger historische Bestände at this link; of vol. 2 from the same source at this link. Digital facsimile of the 1890 German translation from Heidelberger historisch Bestände-digital at this link.



Subjects: ANCIENT MEDICINE › Egypt, ANCIENT MEDICINE › Medical Papyri, DENTISTRY, Medicine: General Works
  • 943.1

Influence de la pression de l’air sur la vie de l’homme. Climats d'altitude et climats du montagne. 2 vols.

Paris: Masson & Cie, 1875.

Jourdanet’s observational work in remote areas of Latin America and Asia produced important evidence for Bert’s proof that altitude sickness is due to anoxemia. In La pression barométrique (No. 944) Bert described how Jourdanet made it possible for him to do his laboratory work on altitude physiology, and how the two agreed to each take half the field: Bert, the laboratory work; and Jourdanet, the observational. Bert also credits Jourdanet with the theory of anoxemia. Extensively illustrated. Second edition, 2 vols., 1876. See No. 935.2. Digital facsimile of the 1875 edition from the Internet Archive at this link.



Subjects: Altitude or Undersea Physiology & Medicine, COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › Latin America, Latin American Medicine, RESPIRATION › Respiratory Physiology, VOYAGES & Travels by Physicians, Surgeons & Scientists
  • 339

Der Ursprung der Wirbelthiere und das Princip des Functionswechsels.

Leipzig: Wilhelm Engelmann, 1875.

Dohrn’s theory of change of function as the origin of evolutionary novelties.



Subjects: EVOLUTION
  • 4499.1

Rhumatisme articulaire subaigu avec production de tumeurs multiples dans les tissus fibreux périarticulaires et sur le périoste d’un grand nombre d’os.

Lyon méd., 20, 495-99, 1875.

Meynet was the first to draw special attention to the subcutaneous fibroid nodules in rheumatism.



Subjects: ONCOLOGY & CANCER, RHEUMATOLOGY
  • 4553

On rest in the treatment of nervous disease.

New York: G. P. Putnam’s Sons, 1875.

First account of the “Weir Mitchell treatment”.



Subjects: NEUROLOGY › Diseases of the Nervous System
  • 4556

Ueber einen wenig bekannten spinalen Symptomencomplex.

Berl. klin. Wschr., 12, 357-59, Berlin, 1875.

“Erb–Charcot disease” (spastic spinal paralysis).



Subjects: NEUROLOGY › Diseases of the Nervous System
  • 629

Ueber die summation elektrischer Hautreize.

Arb. Physiol. Anst. Leipzig, (1874), 9, 223-91., 1875.

Stirling, a pupil of Ludwig, became a great teacher of physiology. His paper on the summation of electrical stimuli to the skin was a prize thesis.



Subjects: PHYSIOLOGY › Electrophysiology
  • 4641

Affection encéphalique (encéphalite diffuse probable) localisée aux étages supérieurs des pédoncules cérébraux et aux couches optiques.

Arch. Physiol. Norm. path., 2 sér., 2, 341-51, 1875.

First description of acute superior hemorrhagic polioencephalitis. Called also “Wernicke’s encephalopathy”, following the latter’s description in his Lehrbuch der Gehirnkrankheiten, Kassel, 1881, 2, 229-42.



Subjects: NEUROLOGY › Inflammatory Conditions
  • 4665.1

Ueber acute Spinällahmung (Poliomyelitis anterior acuta) bei Erwachsenen und über verwandte spinale Erkrankungen.

Arch. Psychiat. Nervenkr., 5, 758-91, 1875.

Erb was first to use the term “acute anterior poliomyelitis”.



Subjects: NEUROLOGY › Inflammatory Conditions › Poliomyelitis
  • 877

Undersökningar af de s.k. fibringeneratorema fibrinet samt fibrinogenets koagulation.

Upsala LäkFören. Förh., 11, 538-79, 18751876.

Investigating the mechanism of blood coagulation, Hammarsten showed it to be accomplished by the splitting up of fibrinogen into fibrin and other substances.



Subjects: HEMATOLOGY › Coagulation
  • 2175

Traité des maladies et épidémies des armées.

Paris: G. Masson, 1875.


Subjects: EPIDEMIOLOGY, MILITARY MEDICINE & HYGIENE
  • 4743

Klinik der Rückenmarks-Krankheiten. Bd. 2, pt.2.

Berlin: A. Hirschwald, 18751876.

First description of myotonia congenita occurs on p. 550.



Subjects: NEUROLOGY › Myopathies
  • 496

Le maturation de l’oeuf, la fécondation et les premières phases du développement embryonnaire des mammifères.

Bull Acad. roy. Sci. Belg., 2 sér., 40, 686-736., 1875.

First detailed description of the segmentation of the mammalian ovum.



Subjects: EMBRYOLOGY
  • 4780

Ueber Sehnenreflexe bei Gesunden und bei Rückenmarkskranken.

Arch. Psychiat. Nervenkr., 5, 792-802, 1875.

Knee-jerk first used as diagnostic measure in tabes dorsalis.



Subjects: NEUROLOGY › Neurosyphilis
  • 4781

Ueber einige durch mechanische Einwirkung auf Sehnen und Muskeln hervorgebrachte Bewegungs-Erscheinungen.

Arch. Psychiat. Nervenkr., 5, 803-34, 1875.

Westphal discovered the diagnostic value of the knee-jerk simultaneously with Erb.



Subjects: NEUROLOGY › Neurosyphilis
  • 4817

Case of hemikinesis.

Brit. Med. J., 1, 773, 1875.


Subjects: NEUROLOGY › Epilepsy
  • 780

Die beiderseitige mechanische Reizung des Nv. vagus beim Menschen.

Zbl. med. Wiss., 13, 403-06, 1875.


Subjects: CARDIOLOGY › CARDIOVASCULAR PHYSIOLOGY
  • 1408.1

The electric currents of the brain.

Brit. med. J., 2, 278, 1875.

Caton succeeded in leading off action potentials from the brains of animals, a first step towards the development of the electroencephalograph. See also Brit. med. J., 1877, 1, Suppl. 62-75.



Subjects: NEUROSCIENCE › NERVOUS SYSTEM › Brain, including Medulla: Cerebrospinal Fluid, PHYSIOLOGY › Electrophysiology
  • 1408.2

Studien in der Anatomie des Nervensystems und des Bindegewebes. Erste Hälfte und zweite Hälfte, erste und zweite Abtheilung. 2 vols.

Stockholm: Samson & Wallin, 18751876.

One of the most strikingly beautiful neuroanatomies ever published, with exquisite reproductions of the color dye injection experiments. The authors confirmed the existence of the foramina of Magendie and Luschka, and studied the movement of the cerebrospinal fluid. All published. Digital facsimile from the Bayerische StaatsBibliothek at this link.



Subjects: ANATOMY › Neuroanatomy, NEUROSCIENCE › NERVOUS SYSTEM › Brain, including Medulla: Cerebrospinal Fluid
  • 1646

Histoire de l’habitation humaine depuis les temps préhistoriques jusqu'à nos jours.

Paris, 1875.

Viollet-Le-Duc traced the history of domestic architecture among the different "races" of mankind. Translated into English by Benjamin Bucknall as Habitations of man in all ages (1876). Digital facsimile of the French edition from the Hathi Trust at this link; of the English translation at this link.



Subjects: Hygiene › History of Hygiene, PUBLIC HEALTH › History of Public Health
  • 1869.1

Untersuchungen über die pharmakologisch wirksamen Bestandtheile der Digitalis purpurea

L. Arch. exp. Path. Pharmak. 3, 16-43, 1875.

Schmiedeberg isolated digitoxin from digitalis.



Subjects: PHARMACOLOGY › PHARMACEUTICALS › Botanic Sources of Single Component Drugs › Digitalis, PHARMACOLOGY › PHARMACEUTICALS › Cardiovascular Medications
  • 1869.2

Ueber die Anwendung der Salicy Isäure als Antipyreticum.

Dtsch. Arch. klin. Med. 15, 457-501, 1875.

Buss introduced the clinical use of salicylic acid as an antipyretic.



Subjects: PHARMACOLOGY › PHARMACEUTICALS › Botanic Sources of Single Component Drugs › Willow Tree Bark (Salycilic Acid; Aspirin)
  • 1702

Essays and papers on some fallacies of statistics concerning life and death, health and disease.

London: Smith, Elder, 1875.


Subjects: DEMOGRAPHY / Population: Medical Statistics
  • 1703

Supplement to the thirty-fifth annual report of the Registrar-General of Births and Marriages in England.

London: Eyre & Spottiswoode, 1875.

Includes statistical calculations of the effect on life expectation if certain preventable diseases were eliminated.



Subjects: DEMOGRAPHY / Population: Medical Statistics, PUBLIC HEALTH
  • 2126

Beiträge zur Chirurgie, anschliessend an einen Bericht über die Thätigkeit der chirurgischen Universitäts-Klinik zu Halle im Jahre 1873.

Leipzig: Breitkopf & Härtel, 1875.

Contains (pp. 370-81) first description of industrial tar and paraffin cancer.



Subjects: OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH & MEDICINE , ONCOLOGY & CANCER
  • 1748

Lehrbuch der gerichtlichen Psychopathologie.

Stuttgart: Ferdinand Enke, 1875.


Subjects: Forensic Medicine (Legal Medicine), PSYCHIATRY
  • 3067

Ueber das Vorkommen von Bilirubinkrystallen bei neugebornen Kindern.

Virchows Arch. path. Anat., 63, 447-62, 1875.

Kernicterus first described.



Subjects: HEMATOLOGY › Blood Disorders, PEDIATRICS › Neonatology
  • 2226

Handbuch der Pathologie und Therapie des Fiebers.

Leipzig: F. C. W. Vogel, 1875.


Subjects: Medicine: General Works
  • 3125

Progressive pernicious anaemia, or anaematosis.

Amer. J. med. Sci., 70, 313-47., 1875.

Pepper described bone-marrow changes of pernicious anemia, though his actual description more closely resembles leukaemia.



Subjects: HEMATOLOGY › Anemia & Chlorosis
  • 3284

Ueber respiratorische Paralysen.

Samml. klin Vortr., Nr. 95 (Inn. Med., Nr. 33), 761-96, 1875.

Riegel distinguished between respiratory and phonatory paralysis of the larynx.



Subjects: OTORHINOLARYNGOLOGY (Ear, Nose, Throat) › Laryngology
  • 2778

Die Defecte der Scheidewände des Herzens.

Vienna: W. Braumüller, 1875.

Rokitansky’s memoir on defects of the septum of the heart was his last work, and possibly his greatest. It represented 14 years’ study of the subject.



Subjects: CARDIOLOGY › Congenital Heart Defects, GENETICS / HEREDITY › HEREDITARY / CONGENITAL DISEASES OR DISORDERS › Congenital Heart Defects, PATHOLOGY › Pathology Illustration
  • 3940

De la glycosurie ou diabète sucré; son traitement hygiénique.

Paris: Germer Baillière, 1875.

Bouchardat used the fermentation test, polariscope and copper solutions for the detection of diabetes; he substituted fresh fats for carbohydrates, advised the avoidance of milk and alcohol, invented gluten bread and advocated the use of green vegetables. This was the most rational treatment for diabetes up to his time.



Subjects: Metabolism & Metabolic Disorders › Diabetes, NUTRITION / DIET
  • 3941

Ueber die Erkrankungen des Auges bei Diabetes mellitus.

v. Graefe’s Arch. Ophthal., 21, Abt. iii, 206-337., 1875.

A record of Leber’s important studies on the disorders of the eye in diabetes.



Subjects: Metabolism & Metabolic Disorders › Diabetes, OPHTHALMOLOGY
  • 4067

Illustrations of clinical surgery. 2 vols.

London: John Churchill, 18751888.

Vol. 1 pp. 49-52: Hutchinson’s classic description of cheiropompholyx, dysidrosis (“Hutchinson’s disease”). The first description and illustration of sarcoidosis is on p. 42.



Subjects: DERMATOLOGY › Specific Dermatoses, Illustration, Biomedical, NEUROLOGY › Neuropathology
  • 4068

Ueber eine noch wenig gekannte Hautkrankeit (Dermatitis circumscripta herpetiformis).

Vjschr. Derm., 2, 41-52, 1875.

First description of porokeratosis (Mibelli).



Subjects: DERMATOLOGY › Specific Dermatoses
  • 4069

On a rare case of idiopathic localized or partial atrophy of the skin.

Arch. Derm. (N.Y.), 2, 114-21, 18751876.

First description of the condition called by Herxheimer and Hartmann in 1902 “acrodermatitis chronica atrophicans”, and known eponymically as “Taylor’s disease”.



Subjects: DERMATOLOGY › Specific Dermatoses
  • 3467

Gastrostomy for stricture (cancerous?) of oesophagus; death from bronchitis forty days after operation.

Lancet, 1, 678-79, 1875.

Successful human gastrostomy by the older (Sédillot’s) method. Reported by S. Osborne.



Subjects: GASTROENTEROLOGY › Esophagus: Stomach: Duodenum: Intestines, SURGERY: General › Upper Gastrointestinal Surgery
  • 4340

Diseases of the hip, knee and ankle joints, with their deformities, treated by a new and efficient method.

Liverpool: T. Dobb & Co, 1875.

Thomas splint. Enlarged second edition, 1876. See No. 4348.



Subjects: ORTHOPEDICS › Orthopedic Devices, ORTHOPEDICS › Orthopedic Surgery & Treatments › Foot / Ankle, ORTHOPEDICS › Orthopedic Surgery & Treatments › Hip, ORTHOPEDICS › Orthopedic Surgery & Treatments › Knee, Podiatry
  • 4174

Exstirpation eines Harnblasenmyoms nach vorausgehendem tiefen und hohen Blasenschnitt. Heilung.

Arch. klin. Chir., 18, 411-423, 1875.

First abdominal resection of a tumor of the bladder. The operation was performed by Billroth.



Subjects: UROLOGY
  • 5184

Massenhafte Entwickelung von Amöben im Dickdarm.

Virchows Arch. path. Anat., 65, 196-211, 1875.

Lösch discovered Entamoeba histolytica as the infective agent in amoebic dysentery. Before this time distinction between the different forms of dysentery had been made on purely clinical grounds. English translation in Kean (No. 2268.1).



Subjects: INFECTIOUS DISEASE › Amoebiasis, PARASITOLOGY › Amoeba
  • 5754

A new method of performing plastic operations.

Brit. med. J., 2, 360-61, 1875.

Wolfe insisted that in free skin grafts the subcutaneous tissue at the site of the graft must be removed, and that the graft should consist of skin only. His name is perpetuated in the “Wolfe-Krause graft rest”.



Subjects: PLASTIC & RECONSTRUCTIVE SURGERY › Skin Grafting, TRANSPLANTATION › Skin Grafting
  • 5344.9

Remarks on the anatomy and pathological relations of a new species of liver fluke.

Lancet, 2, 271-74, 1875.

First complete description of Chlonorchis sinensis.



Subjects: HEPATOLOGY › Diseases of the Liver, INFECTIOUS DISEASE › DISEASES DUE TO METAZOAN PARASITES, PARASITOLOGY › Helminths › Liver Flukes
  • 5344.10

On the presence of a Filaria in “craw-craw”.

Lancet, 1, 265-66, 1875.

In 1874, while examining skin snips from craw-craw patients in Ghana, during his service on the H. M. S. Decoy, the Irish surgeon O’Neill discovered the subcutaneous microfilaria. This was the earliest known visual identification of the O. volvulus parasite, fifty years before the worm was linked with blindness (onchocerciasis). In May 2015 O'Neill's paper could be read at this link.



Subjects: COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › Ghana, INFECTIOUS DISEASE › DISEASES DUE TO METAZOAN PARASITES, INFECTIOUS DISEASE › VECTOR-BORNE DISEASES › Black Fly-Borne Diseases, INFECTIOUS DISEASE › VECTOR-BORNE DISEASES › Black Fly-Borne Diseases › Onchocerciasis (river blindness), OPHTHALMOLOGY › Ophthalmic Parasitology, PARASITOLOGY › Helminths › Parasitic Worms › Filaria
  • 5912

Ueber die Verletzungen des Auges mit besonderer Rücksicht auf deren gerichtsärztliche Würdigung.

Vienna: W. Braumüller, 1875.

 English translation by Charles S. Turnbull as Injuries of the eye and their medico-legal aspect. (Philadelpha. 1878). Digital facsimile of the 1875 edition from the Internet Archive at this link; of the 1878 edition from the Hathi Trust at this link.



Subjects: Forensic Medicine (Legal Medicine), OPHTHALMOLOGY › Diseases of the Eye
  • 5612

De la forcipressure.

Bull mém. Soc. méd. chir. Paris, n.s., 1, 17, 108, 273, 522, 646., 1875.

Introduction of forcipressure in the control of hemorrhage. Republished in book form, 1875.



Subjects: SURGERY: General
  • 5673

Leçons sur les anesthésiques et sur l’asphyxie.

Paris: J.-B. Baillière, 1875.

As early as 1864 Bernard discovered that chloroform anesthesia could be prolonged and intensified by the injection of morphine. J. N. von Nussbaum also observed this. English translation by B. Fink, Park Ridge, 1989.



Subjects: ANESTHESIA › Chloroform, ANESTHESIA › Opiates
  • 6643.9

Science and health.

Boston, MA: Christian Science Publishing Company, 1875.

Includes an exposition of the system of faith healing that holds a significant place in Christian Science.



Subjects: ALTERNATIVE, Complimentary & Pseudomedicine, RELIGION & Medicine & the Life Sciences, RELIGION & Medicine & the Life Sciences › Faith Healing, WOMEN, Publications by › Years 1800 - 1899
  • 7064

De l'obésité: étiologie, thérapeutique et hygiène. Thèse présentée et soutenue le 12 Aout 1875.

Paris: Imprimerie de E. Martinet, 1875.

Primarily a summary of research on the subject to date. Worthington was an American from Cincinnati who received his M.D. in Paris in 1876, and practiced there until 1879, when he returned to the U.S.A. A geneological study of the Worthington family states that he changed his name to Lewis Nicholas Worthington in 1882. Digital facsimile from the Hathi Trust at this link



Subjects: Obesity Research
  • 7631

Neuer Führer durch das anatomische, pathologische und ethnologische Museum.

Dresden: H. B. Schulze, 1875.


Subjects: MUSEUMS › Medical, Anatomical & Pathological
  • 7818

Statistics, medical and anthropological, of the Provost-Marshal-General's Bureau, derived from records of the examination for military service in the armies of the United States during the late War of the Rebellion, of over a million recruits.... 2 vols.

Washington, DC: Government Printing Office, 1875.

Digital facsimile from the Internet Archive at this link.



Subjects: ANTHROPOLOGY, American (U.S.) CIVIL WAR MEDICINE, DEMOGRAPHY / Population: Medical Statistics, MILITARY MEDICINE & HYGIENE
  • 8443

Plinii Secundi quae fertur una cum Gargilli Martialis medicina: Nunc primum edita a Valentino Rose.

Leipzig: B. G. Teubner, 1875.

Fragments of Martialis's work (probably called De hortis), which treated of the cultivation of trees and vegetables, and also of their medicinal properties, survived, chiefly in the body of and as an appendix to the Medicina Plinii (an anonymous 4th century handbook of medical recipes based upon Pliny the ElderNaturalis Historiae, xx–xxxii). Extant sections treat of apples, peaches, quinces, citrons, almonds, chestnuts, parsnips, and various other edibles, with an emphasis on the medical effects they have on the body (quoting Dioscorides sometimes). (Adapted from Wikipedia article on Quintus Gargilius Martialis.) Digital facsimile of the 1875 edition from Google Books at this link.



Subjects: ANCIENT MEDICINE › Late Antiquity, ANCIENT MEDICINE › Roman Empire, Agriculture / Horticulture, PHARMACOLOGY › PHARMACEUTICALS › Materia medica / Herbals / Herbal Medicines
  • 9492

Reliquiae Aquitanicae; being contributions to the archaeology and palaeontology of Périgord and the adjoining provinces of southern France. Edited by Thomas Rupert Jones.

London: Williams & Norgate & Paris: J.-B. Baillière, 1875.

This beautiful and bibliographically complicated work was issued in 17 parts from 1865 to 1875. It includes 82 tinted lithographic plates, and is the first visually spectacular large extensively illustrated publication on paleoanthropology and paleolithic mobiliary art. Plate B-XXVIII illustrates the ivory carving of a mammoth discovered in 1864 by Lartet, Falconer, and de Verneuil in the cave of La Madeleine, which provided undeniable evidence that humans and mammoths had co-existed. Lartet first described this carving in a paper entitled “Une lame d’ivoire fossile trouvée dans un gisement ossifere du Périgord, et portant des incisions qui paraissent constituer la reproduction d’un éléphant à longue crinere,” published in the Comptes rendus des séances de l’Académie des sciences 61 (1865): 309–11; an English translation of this brief paper appears in the Reliquiae Aquitanicae. The work also includes the English translation of the first paper on Cro-Magnon man by Edouard Lartet's son, Louis Lartet: Mémoire sur une sépulture des anciens troglodytes du PérigordAnnales des sciences naturelles, 5e sér., zoologie et paléontologie, 10, 133-1451868.



Subjects: ART & Medicine & Biology, COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › France, EVOLUTION, EVOLUTION › Human Origins / Human Evolution
  • 10451

The geographical distribution of heart disease and dropsy, cancer in females & phthisis in females, in England and Wales. Illustrated by six small and three large coloured maps.

London: Smith, Elder, 1875.

Haviland used the national mortality statistics for England and Wales to develop an elaborate geographical explanation based on map analysis for the cause of heart, cancer, and tuberculosis deaths. He found that females had higher rates for all three causes of death. However, although his technique was innovative his analysis was flawed. Second edition retitled, The geographical distribution of disease in Great Britain (1892). Digital facsimile of the 1892 edition from the Internet Archive at this link.



Subjects: COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › England (United Kingdom), COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › Wales, Cartography, Medical & Biological, EPIDEMIOLOGY, INFECTIOUS DISEASE › Tuberculosis, ONCOLOGY & CANCER
  • 10652

Hospital plans. Five essays relating to the construction, organization & management of hospitals, contributed by their authors for the use of the Johns Hopkins Hospital of Baltimore.

New York: W. Wood & Co., 1875.

Essays influential on the planning and eventual operation of Johns Hopkins Hospital, which was innovative in its design and influential on the design of hospitals that followed. See Brieger, Gert, "The original plans for the Johns Hopkins Hospital and their historical significance," Bull. Hist. Med., 39 (1965) 518-528. Digital facsimile of the 1875 work from the Internet Archive at this link.



Subjects: HOSPITALS, U.S.: CONTENT OF PUBLICATIONS BY STATE › Maryland
  • 10829

Experimentation on animals, as a means of knowledge in physiology, pathology, and practical medicine.

New York: F. W. Christern, 1875.

Digital facsimile from the Hathi Trust at this link.



Subjects: Medicine: General Works › Experimental Design › Vivisection / Antivivisection
  • 11307

Something about California: Being a description of its climate, health, wealth and resources, compressed into small compass: Marin County: Its industries, roads, appearance, health and population, also, a series of carefully written and well considered articles and paragraphs describing the sanatarium of San Rafael in which the mildness and equability of its climate are explained.

San Rafael, CA: San Rafael Herald, 1875.

This 32-page pamphlet was probably the first separate publication concerning health matters in Marin County, California, my county of residence during the years in which I wrote this online bibliography-- J.M.N.

Digital facsimile from the U.S. National Library of Medicine at this link.



Subjects: Biogeography, U.S.: CONTENT OF PUBLICATIONS BY STATE › California
  • 11758

Medical hints to the people of India. Eminent medical men of Asia, Africa, Europe and America, who had advanced medical science; Compiled for the use of students and for the Vydians and Hakims of India.

Madras: Higginbotham & Co., 1875.

A compilation of biographical sketches of selected figures in medical history written by Balfour as Surgeon-General, Madras Medical Department, "for the hindu Vydian, for the muhammadan Hakim, and for the students of the several Medical Schools of British India, all of whom will wish to see an outline traced of the progress of medicine from the earliest times to the present day and learn something of the eminent men who have proceeded them -- Philosophers, Anatomists, Physicians and Surgeons--to whom medical science is indebted."  Digital facsimile from the Internet Archive at this link.



Subjects: BIOGRAPHY (Reference Works), COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › India
  • 12235

On the interpretation of cardiographic tracings, and the evidence which they afford as to the causation of the murmurs attendant upon mitral stenosis.

Guy’s Hosp. Rep., 3rd ser., 20, 261-310, 1875.

"The first case of heart block in a human documented graphically was reported in 1875 by British physician Alfred Galabin. He published an apical pulse tracing from a 34-year-old man with a two-year history of lightheaded spells associated with bradycardia. The tracing is consistent with complete atrioventricular dissociation with a normal atrial rate and a ventricular rate of 25 to 30 beats per minute" (W. B. Fye, "Disorders of the Heartbeat,: Am. J. Cardiol.,1993).

Digital facsimile from Google Books at this link.



Subjects: CARDIOLOGY › CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE › Arrythmias
  • 551

Ueber den Bau der Meissner’schen Tastkörperchen.

Arch. mikr. Anat., 12, 364-90., 1876.

Includes first account of the demonstration of nerve endings by means of the gold chloride method.



Subjects: ANATOMY › Neuroanatomy
  • 552

Ueber Stemzellen der Leber.

Arch. mikr. Anat., 12, 353-8, 1876.

Kupffer cells” – macrophage stellate cells in the lining of the blood channels in the liver.

Confocal microscopy picture showing the steady-state location and interactions between Kupffer cells (Red), hepatic stellate cells (green) and liver sinusoidal endothelial cells (blue). Cell nuclei are in grey. (Wikipedia article on Kupffer cell, accessed 4-2020).



Subjects: ANATOMY › 19th Century, HEPATOLOGY › Hepatic Anatomy
  • 4557

Handbuch der Krankheiten des Nervensystems.

Leipzig: F. C. W. Vogel, 18761878.

Erb was Professor of Neurology at Heidelberg. He gave the original descriptions of several nervous disorders, especially the muscular dystrophies, and was a pioneer in the use of electrotherapy.



Subjects: NEUROLOGY › Diseases of the Nervous System
  • 4558

Leçons sur les localisations dans les maladies du cerveau.

Paris: Progrès médical & V. A. Delahaye, 18761880.

Charcot is especially notable for his important study of the localization of functions in diseases of the brain. Volume two is entitled Leçons sur les localisations dans les maladies du cerveau et de la moëlle épinière… English translation (New Sydenham Society), 1883.



Subjects: NEUROLOGY › Diseases of the Nervous System
  • 696

Die quantitative Spectralanalyse in ihrer Anwendung auf Physiologie, Physik, Chemie und Technologie.

Tübingen: H. Laupp, 1876.

Vierordt’s spectral analyses of hemoglobin, bile and urine were of great value. He studied the variations in the spectrum of oxyhemoglobin produced by different dilutions of this substance and was thus able to estimate the hemoglobin content of the blood.



Subjects: BIOCHEMISTRY, BIOCHEMISTRY › Clinical Chemistry, HEMATOLOGY
  • 4744

Tonische Krämpfe in willkürlich beweglichen Muskeln in Folge von ererbter psychischer Disposition (Ataxia muscularis?).

Arch. Psychiat. Nervenkr., 6, 702-18, 1876.

Thomsen suffered from muscle weakness and cramps, an issue that all his sons inherited. Realizing that this was a hereditary disease, Thomsen managed to trace the disease for six generations, and found over 20 cases of it in his family. Thomsen was motivated to research this problem when his youngest son was accused of being a malingerer. with respect to military service. It took the authorities almost two months of medical examinations to confirm that the son really suffered from a disease. Thomsen first described the disease, myotonia congenita, in the above paper. The name Thomsen's disease was proposed in 1883 by Karl Friedrich Otto Westphal .

 

 



Subjects: GENETICS / HEREDITY › HEREDITARY / CONGENITAL DISEASES OR DISORDERS › Inherited Neurological Disorders › Myotonia Congenita, NEUROLOGY › Myopathies
  • 495

Beiträge zur Kenntnis der Bildung, Befruchtung und Theilung des thierischen Eies.

Morph. Jb., 1, 347-434, 1876.

Demonstration that the spermatozoon enters the ovum and that fertilization occurs by the union of the nuclei of the male and female sex cells. Hertwig also established that the transfer of hereditary material is part of the same nuclear process. Hertwig was professor of anatomy at Jena and Berlin.



Subjects: BIOLOGY › Reproduction
  • 781

Ueber den Druck in den Blutcapillaren der menschlichen Haut.

Arb. physiol. Anst. Lpz. (1875), 10, 69-80., 1876.

Kries attempted to measure blood pressure in the capillaries by using a skin blanching method.



Subjects: CARDIOLOGY › CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE › Hypertension (High Blood Pressure), CARDIOLOGY › CARDIOVASCULAR PHYSIOLOGY, DERMATOLOGY
  • 782

Untersuchungen über die Gefässernerven-Wurzeln des Ischiadicus.

S. B. k. Akad. Wiss. Wien, math.-nat. Cl., 3 Abt., 74, 173-85., 1876.

Stricker was the first to describe vasodilatation on stimulation of the posterior nerve roots.



Subjects: CARDIOLOGY › CARDIOVASCULAR PHYSIOLOGY, NEUROSCIENCE › Neurophysiology
  • 1409

The functions of the brain.

London: Smith, Elder, 1876.

Ferrier may be said to have laid the foundations of our knowledge concerning the localization of cerebral function. His book includes his earlier work published in the West Riding Lunatic Asylum Reports. Digital facsimile from the Internet Archive at this link.



Subjects: NEUROSCIENCE › NERVOUS SYSTEM › Brain, including Medulla: Cerebrospinal Fluid
  • 1410

Die Leitungsbahnen im Gehirn und Rückenmark des Menschen auf Grund entwicklungsgeschichtlicher Untersuchungen dargestellt.

Leipzig: Wilhelm Engelmann, 1876.

Flechsig mapped out the motor and sensory areas of the cerebral cortex, and named the “pyramidal tract”. See Clarke & O'Malley, The human brain and spinal cord, p. 857, and pp. 277-81.
Digital facsimile from Bayerische StaatsBibliothek at this link.



Subjects: NEUROSCIENCE › NERVOUS SYSTEM › Brain, including Medulla: Cerebrospinal Fluid
  • 145.6

The geographical distribution of animals. 2 vols.

London: Macmillan, 1876.

"In 1872, at the urging of many of his friends, including Darwin, Philip Sclater, and Alfred Newton, Wallace began research for a general review of the geographic distribution of animals. He was unable to make much progress initially, in part because classification systems for many types of animals were in flux at the time.[120] He resumed the work in earnest in 1874 after the publication of a number of new works on classification.[121] Extending the system developed by Sclater for birds—which divided the earth into six separate geographic regions for describing species distribution—to cover mammals, reptiles and insects as well, Wallace created the basis for the zoogeographic regions still in use today. He discussed all of the factors then known to influence the current and past geographic distribution of animals within each geographical region. These included the effects of the appearance and disappearance of land bridges (such as the one currently connecting North America and South America) and the effects of periods of increased glaciation. He provided maps that displayed factors, such as elevation of mountains, depths of oceans, and the character of regional vegetation, that affected the distribution of animals. He also summarised all the known families and genera of the higher animals and listed their known geographic distributions. The text was organised so that it would be easy for a traveller to learn what animals could be found in a particular location. The resulting two-volume work, The Geographical Distribution of Animals, was published in 1876 and would serve as the definitive text on zoogeography for the next 80 years.[122]

"In this book Wallace did not confine himself to the biogeography of living species, but also included evidence from the fossil record to discuss the processes of evolution and migration that had led to the geographical distribution of modern animal species. For example, he discussed how fossil evidence showed that tapirs had originated in the Northern Hemisphere, migrating between North America and Eurasia and then, much more recently, to South America after which the northern species became extinct, leaving the modern distribution of two isolated groups of tapir species in South America and Southeast Asia.[123] Wallace was very aware of, and interested in, the mass extinction of megafauna in the late Pleistocene. In The Geographical Distribution of Animals (1876) he wrote, "We live in a zoologically impoverished world, from which all the hugest, and fiercest, and strangest forms have recently disappeared".[124] He added that he believed the most likely cause for the rapid extinctions to have been glaciation...." (Wikipedia article on Alfred Russel Wallace, accessed 02-2017).



Subjects: Biogeography, Biogeography › Zoogeography, Cartography, Medical & Biological, ZOOLOGY
  • 1518

Ueber den feineren Bau der Chorioidea des Menschen nebst Beiträgen zur pathologischen und vergleichenden Anatomie der Aderhaut.

v. Graefes Arch. Ophthal., 22, Abt. 2, 1-100., 1876.

“Sattler’s layer” of the choroid.



Subjects: OPHTHALMOLOGY › Anatomy of the Eye & Orbit
  • 2127.1

Paraffin epithelioma of the scrotum.

Edinb. med. J., 22, 135-37, 1876.

Shale oil shown to be a cause of skin cancer. A teacher of Sir Arthur Conan Doyle, Bell was the model for the character of Sherlock Holmes.



Subjects: DERMATOLOGY › Dermatopathology, DERMATOLOGY › Skin Cancer, LITERATURE / Philosophy & Medicine & Biology, OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH & MEDICINE
  • 1932

The optical deportment of the atmosphere in relation to the phenomena of putrefaction and infection.

Phil. Trans., 166, 27-74, 1876.

Tyndall observed the selective bacteria-inhibiting effect of Penicillium and the resistance of Ps. pyocyanea to it. See No. 2495.



Subjects: BACTERIOLOGY, BACTERIOLOGY › BACTERIA (mostly pathogenic; sometimes indexed only to genus) › Gram-Negative Bacteria › Pseudomonas , PHARMACOLOGY › PHARMACEUTICALS › Antibiotics
  • 2304

Die Sections-Technik im Leichenhause des Charité-Krankenhauses.

Berlin: A. Hirschwald, 1876.

On the technique of dissection. English translation, London, 1876.



Subjects: ANATOMY › 19th Century, PATHOLOGY
  • 2485

Études sur la bière, ses maladies, causes qui les provoquent, procédé pour la rendre inaltérable; avec une théorie nouvelle de la fermentation.

Paris: Gauthier-Villars, 1876.

Pasteur resumed his studies on fermentation in 1876, and in this book took into account the developments in this field since his previous publications on the subject. He described a new and perfected method of preparing pure yeast and acknowledged that a limited quantity of oxygen was important for brewing. Digital facsimile from the Internet Archive at this link. English translation as Studies on fermentation. The diseases of beer, their causes and the means of preventing them.... A translation, made with the author's sanction (London, 1879). Digital facsimile of the English translation from the Biodiversity Heritage Library at this link.

 



Subjects: MICROBIOLOGY, Zymology (Zymurgy) (Fermentation)
  • 2486

Ueber eine Mykose bei einem neugeborenen Kinde (Bakterienfärbung mit Anilinfarben).

Jber. schles. Ges. vaterl. Cultur, (1875), 53, 229., 1876.

In this paper Weigert showed that methyl violet will reveal cocci in tissues.



Subjects: BACTERIOLOGY › Bacteriology, Laboratory techniques in, MICROBIOLOGY, PEDIATRICS › Neonatology
  • 2620.1

O privivanii rakovikh novoobrazovanii. [On the inoculation of cancerous neoplasms.]

Med. Vestn.16, 289-90, 1876.

Novinsky successfully transplanted two tumors in dogs. German translation in Zbl. med. Wiss., 1876, 14, 790-91. A fuller report appeared in his thesis K voprosu o privivanii zlokachestvennich novoobrazovanii (eksperimentalnoi issledovanii). [On the question of inoculation of malignant neoplasms (experimental investigations)]. St. Petersburg, 1877.



Subjects: ONCOLOGY & CANCER, TRANSPLANTATION
  • 174
  • 4939

L’uomo delinquente, studiato in rapporto alla antropologia, alla medicina legale ed alle discipline carcerarie.

Milan: U. Hoepli, 1876.

Lombroso inaugurated the doctrine of a “criminal type”. His systematic studies showed that in general the criminal population exhibits a higher percentage of physical, nervous and mental anomalies than the normal population; this he attributed partly to degeneration and partly to atavism.



Subjects: ANTHROPOLOGY, Criminology & Medical Criminology, PSYCHOLOGY
  • 2391

On irregular and defective tooth development.

Trans. odont. Soc. G. B., n.s. 5, 223-43, 18761877.

“Moon’s molars”, the first molars in congenital syphilitics.



Subjects: DENTISTRY › Oral Pathology , GENETICS / HEREDITY › HEREDITARY / CONGENITAL DISEASES OR DISORDERS › Congenital Syphilis
  • 175

L’anthropologie.

Paris: C. Reinwald, 1876.

Topinard was curator of the museum of the Société d’Anthropologie de Paris. “Topinard’s angle” and “line”, both described in this book, are landmarks employed in anthropometry. English translations 1878 and 1894.



Subjects: ANTHROPOLOGY, ANTHROPOLOGY › Anthropometry, ANTHROPOLOGY › Craniology
  • 4833

Beitrag zur Tetanie.

Wien. med. Presse, 17, 1201-03, 1225-27, 1253-58, 1313-16, 1876.

“Chvostek’s sign”, a reliable diagnostic sign in latent tetany in small children.



Subjects: NEUROLOGY › Tetany, PEDIATRICS
  • 2227

The collected works. 2 vols.

London: New Sydenham Society, 18761878.

Latham, successively physician to Middlesex and St. Bartholomew’s hospitals, was an authority on cardiac disease and among the earliest in England to advocate auscultation. He held progressive views on medical education and championed clinical study in the wards. His clinical lectures are among the very best.



Subjects: Collected Works: Opera Omnia, Medicine: General Works
  • 3125.1

Erkrankung des Knochenmarkes bei perniciöser Anämie.

Virchows Arch. path. Anat., 68, 291-93., 1876.

Cohnheim gave a more convincing account than Pepper of the bone-marrow changes in pernicious anemia.



Subjects: HEMATOLOGY › Anemia & Chlorosis
  • 3170

Thoracentesis: the plan of continuous aspiration.

Brit. med. J., 1, 317., 1876.

Hewett introduced a method of continuous aspiration of the thorax for emphysema.



Subjects: RESPIRATION › Respiratory Diseases
  • 2707

A case of haemophilia complicated with multiple naevi.

Lancet, 2, 856, 1876.

First description of multiple hereditary telangiectasis (“Rendu–Osler–Weber disease”).



Subjects: CARDIOLOGY › CARDIOVASCULAR PHYSIOLOGY › Cardiovascular System › Diseases of Cardiovascular System, GENETICS / HEREDITY › GENETIC DISORDERS › Osler-Weber-Rendu Disease
  • 3624

Étude sur une forme de cirrhose hypertrophique du foie (cirrhose hypertrophique avec ictère chronique).

Paris: J.-B. Baillière, 1876.

“Hanot’s disease”. First description of hypertrophic cirrhosis of the liver with icterus. Thesis publication, 1875; published in book form, Paris, 1876. Digital facsimile of the book form edition from the Internet Archive at this link.



Subjects: HEPATOLOGY › Diseases of the Liver
  • 2777

Du rhythme cardiaque appelé bruit de galop, de son mécanisme et de sa valeur séméiologique.

Bull. Soc. méd. Hôp. Paris, (1875) 12, (Mém.), 137-66, 1876.

Analysis of “gallop rhythm.” Partial English translation in No. 2241 and No. 3160.1.



Subjects: CARDIOLOGY › CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE › Arrythmias
  • 2779

Clinical lectures on diseases of the heart and aorta.

London: J. & A. Churchill, 1876.

Includes “Balfour’s test” to ascertain whether the heart is still active, in cases of apparent death.



Subjects: CARDIOLOGY, CARDIOLOGY › CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE
  • 3224

Recherches sur les relations qui existent entre les lésions des poumons et celles des ganglions trachéo-bronchiques.

C. R. Soc. Biol. (Paris), sér. 6, 3, 308-09., 1876.

The primary lesion in pulmonary tuberculosis in children (“Ghon’s primary focus”) was first described by Parrot.



Subjects: PULMONOLOGY › Lung Diseases › Pulmonary Tuberculosis
  • 2983

On aortic aneurism in the army and the conditions associated with it.

Med.-chir. Trans., 59, 59-77, 1876.

Welch, an Army surgeon, supported the theory of a causal connexion between syphilis and aneurysm.



Subjects: CARDIOLOGY › CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE › Aneurysms, INFECTIOUS DISEASE › SEXUALLY TRANSMITTED DISEASES › Syphilis
  • 3022

Ueber die Paracentese des Perikardiums.

Schriften Univ. Kiel, (1875), Diss. Nr. 2, pp. 20, 1876.

Account of first pericardiocentesis for suppurative pericarditis.



Subjects: CARDIOVASCULAR (Cardiac) SURGERY
  • 4070

On giant urticaria.

Edinb. med. J., 22, 513-26, Edinburgh, 18761877.

Although Quincke described angioneurotic edema with great precision and has given his name to it (“Quincke’s disease”, “Quincke’s edema”), Milton first noted it, calling it “giant urticaria”.



Subjects: DERMATOLOGY › Specific Dermatoses
  • 4070.1

Zur Aetiologie der Psoriasis.

Viertelj. Dermatol. Syph., 8, 559-561, 1876.

“Koebner phenomenon” – appearance at points of injury of any skin lesion that is not an ordinary manifestation or complication of the injury.



Subjects: DERMATOLOGY › Specific Dermatoses
  • 3467.1

Die partielle Magenresektion; eine experimentelle operative Studie.

Arch. klin. Chir., 19, 347-80, 1876.

A practical method for excision of the pylorus, as demonstrated in dogs, was published by these two assistants of Billroth.



Subjects: GASTROENTEROLOGY › Esophagus: Stomach: Duodenum: Intestines, SURGERY: General › Upper Gastrointestinal Surgery
  • 3468

Observation de gastro-stomie pratiquée avec succès pour un rétrécissement cicatriciel infranchissable de l’oesophage.

Bull. Acad. Méd. (Paris), 2 sér., 5, 1023-38, 1876.

Verneuil’s gastrostomy operation, a modification of Sédillot’s method.



Subjects: GASTROENTEROLOGY › Esophagus: Stomach: Duodenum: Intestines, SURGERY: General › Upper Gastrointestinal Surgery
  • 3685

Suppurative inflammation of the gums, and absorption of the gums and alveolar process.

Penn. J. dent. Sci., 3, 99-104, 1876.

“Riggs’s disease” – pyorrhoea alveolaris. Treatment of the disease by scraping was introduced by Riggs.



Subjects: DENTISTRY › Periodontics
  • 4341

A peculiar and painful affection of the fourth metatarso-phalangeal articulation.

Amer. J. med. Sci., Philadelphia, 71, 37-45., 1876.

First complete description of anterior metatarsalgia (“Morton’s disease”). See also No. 4325.



Subjects: ORTHOPEDICS › Diseases of or Injuries to Bones, Joints & Skeleton, PAIN / Pain Management, Podiatry
  • 4342.1

Lectures on orthopaedic surgery and diseases of the joints.

New York: D. Appleton and Company, 1876.

See Nos. 4344 & 4344.1.



Subjects: ORTHOPEDICS › Diseases of or Injuries to Bones, Joints & Skeleton, ORTHOPEDICS › Orthopedic Surgery & Treatments
  • 4344

Report on Pott’s disease, or caries of the spine; treated by extension, and the plaster of Paris bandage.

Trans. Amer. med. Ass., 27, 573-629., 1876.

Sayre was the first to use plaster of Paris as a support for the spinal column in scoliosis and Pott’s disease. His name is eponymically linked with Sayre’s jacket, a plaster of Paris jacket applied while the patient is suspended by the head and axillae, and with Sayre’s suspension apparatus, a tripod derrick with rope and pulley for head traction during the application of a plaster of Paris jacket.



Subjects: INFECTIOUS DISEASE › Tuberculosis › Tuberculous Spondylitis (Pott's Disease), ORTHOPEDICS › Orthopedic Devices, ORTHOPEDICS › Orthopedic Surgery & Treatments › Spine
  • 4174.1

Sondirung des Harnleiters mit Hilfe des Endoskops.

Wien. med. Presse, 17, 919, 949, 1876.

Successful catheterization of the ureter under vision.



Subjects: UROLOGY
  • 5111.3

A history of Asiatic cholera.

London: Macmillan, 1876.


Subjects: EPIDEMIOLOGY › History of Epidemiology, INFECTIOUS DISEASE › Cholera
  • 5167

Die Aetiologie der Milzbrand-Krankheit, begründet auf die Entwicklungsgeschichte des Bacillus anthracis.

Beitr. Biol Pflanzen, 2, 277-310, 1876.

In 1876 Koch first obtained pure cultures of B. anthracis and described its complete life history. With Davaine (Nos. 5165-66) he did much to prove that infectious diseases are caused by living reproductive microorganisms. The paper also marks the beginning of exact knowledge of bacterial infectious diseases. It is reproduced with translation in Med. Classics, 1938, 2, 745-820. See also Nos. 2331 and 2536.



Subjects: BACTERIOLOGY › BACTERIA (mostly pathogenic; sometimes indexed only to genus) › Gram-Positive Bacteria › Bacillus › Bacillus anthracis, INFECTIOUS DISEASE › Anthrax, INFECTIOUS DISEASE › GENERAL PRINCIPLES of Infection by Microorganisms, VETERINARY MEDICINE
  • 4216

The state of the arteries in Bright’s disease.

Brit. med. J., 2, 743-45, 1876.

Gowers’s important account of the changes in the retinal vessels in Bright’s disease is reproduced in Willius & Keys, Cardiac classics, 1941, pp. 605-11.



Subjects: NEPHROLOGY › Renal Disease › Nephritis, OPHTHALMOLOGY
  • 5754.1

Contributions to reparative surgery; showing its application to the treatment of deformities produced by destructive disease or injury; congenital defects from arrest or excess of development; and cicatrical contractions from burns.

New York: D. Appleton and Company, 1876.

First American work exclusively on reconstructive surgery.



Subjects: PLASTIC & RECONSTRUCTIVE SURGERY
  • 5344.11

Sur la maladie dite diarrhée de Cochinchine.

C. R. Acad. Sci. (Paris), 83, 316-18, 1876.

Normond found Strongyloides stercoralis, the causal parasite in strongyloidiasis. English translation in Kean (No. 2268.1).



Subjects: COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › Vietnam, INFECTIOUS DISEASE › DISEASES DUE TO METAZOAN PARASITES, PARASITOLOGY
  • 5913

Ueber eine neue therapeutische Verwendung des Physostigmin.

Zbl. med. Wiss., 14, 421-22, 1876.

Introduction of physostigmine in the treatment of glaucoma.



Subjects: OPHTHALMOLOGY › Diseases of the Eye › Glaucoma
  • 5914

Der Frühjahrskatarrh. In: GRAEFE and SAEMISCH, Handbuch der gesammten Augenheilkunde

4, Theil 2, 25-29, 1876.

First description of vernal conjunctivitis.



Subjects: OPHTHALMOLOGY › Diseases of the Eye › Conjunctivitis
  • 5916

Om färgblindheten i dess förhallande till jernvägstrafiken och sjöväsendet.

Upsala Läkaref. Förh., 12, 171-251, 267-358, 18761877.

A serious railway accident in Sweden in 1875 was believed by Holmgren to be due to color-blindness, and resulted in the above important paper dealing with the condition and its relation to railway and maritime traffic. Translation in Rep. Smithsonian Inst., 1877. Washington, 1878, 131-200.



Subjects: GENETICS / HEREDITY › HEREDITARY / CONGENITAL DISEASES OR DISORDERS › Color-Blindness, OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH & MEDICINE , OPHTHALMOLOGY › Physiology of Vision
  • 5794

Chirurgie vor 100 Jahren; historische Studie.

Leipzig: F. C. W. Vogel, 1876.

Reprinted Berlin, Springer, 1978.



Subjects: SURGERY: General › History of Surgery
  • 5795

A century of American surgery.

Amer. J. med. Sci., n.s., 71, 431-84., 1876.

The first serious history of American surgery to 1876. Also published in No. 6586.



Subjects: COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › United States (See also state listings under U.S.), SURGERY: General › History of Surgery
  • 5993

Geschichte des grauen Staares.

Leipzig: Veit & Co., 1876.

An early history of cataract.



Subjects: OPHTHALMOLOGY › History of Ophthalmology, OPHTHALMOLOGY › Ocular Surgery & Procedures › Cataract
  • 5636

Chirurgie antiseptique.

Paris: J.-B. Baillière, 1876.

Lucas-Championnière, eminent French surgeon, was one of the first to adopt the principles of Listerism. He wrote the first authoritative work on antiseptic surgery and introduced antisepsis into France. First edition in English, Portland, Maine: Loring, Short, and Harmon, 1881.



Subjects: SURGERY: General › Antisepsis / Asepsis
  • 5674

On an apparatus for administering nitrous oxide gas and ether, singly or combined.

Brit med. J., 2, 74-75, 1876.

Clover’s ether inhaler. See also the same journal, 1877, 1, 69. He invented an inhaler in 1862; this was described, but not by Clover, in Med. Times Gaz., 1862, 2, 149.



Subjects: ANESTHESIA › Inhalers, INSTRUMENTS & TECHNOLOGIES › Medical Instruments › Anesthesia Inhalers
  • 6066

Zur Enucleation der intraparietalen Myome des Corpus uteri.

Z. Geburtsh. Frauenkr., 1, 143-67, 1876.


Subjects: OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › GYNECOLOGY
  • 6190

Ueber das Verhalten des Uterus und Cervix in der Schwangerschaft und während der Geburt.

Stuttgart: Ferdinand Enke, 1876.

“Bandl’s ring”. Bandl was professor of obstetrics and gynaecology at Vienna and Prague.



Subjects: OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › OBSTETRICS
  • 6191

Extra-uterine pregnancy.

Philadelphia: H. C. Lea, 1876.

Lawson Tait regarded this as the first authoritative work on the subject. Parry showed the necessity for operation in such cases and it was this book, more than anything else, which determined Tait (No. 6196) to do so.



Subjects: OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › OBSTETRICS
  • 6469

Die ersten Anfänge der Heilkunde und die Medizin im alten Aegypten. Eine kulturgeschichteliche Skizze.

Berlin: Habel, 1876.

Sammlung gemeinverständlicher wissenscbaftlicher Vorträge, No. 255.



Subjects: COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › Egypt
  • 6240

Della amputazione utero-ovarica come complemento di taglio cesareo.

Ann. univ. Med. Chir., 237, 289-350., 1876.

Caesarean section with excision of the uterus and adnexa (“Porro’s operation”).



Subjects: OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › OBSTETRICS › Caesarian Section
  • 6505

Histoire de la médecine arabe. Exposé complet des traductions du grec. Les sciences en Orient, leur transmission à l’Occident par les traductions latines. 2 vols.

Paris: E. Leroux, 1876.

An exhaustive history, for its time, of Arabian medical translations from East to West and vice versa. Digital facsimile from the Internet Archive, at this link.



Subjects: ISLAMIC OR ARAB MEDICINE › History of Islamic or Arab Medicine, MEDIEVAL MEDICINE › Medieval Islamic or Arab Medicine
  • 6761

History of American medical literature from 1776 to the present time.

Philadelphia: Collins, 1876.


Subjects: BIBLIOGRAPHY › Bibliographical Classics, COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › United States (See also state listings under U.S.)
  • 6357.55

Et Tilfaelde af Subakut Tarminvagination.

Hosp. Tid., 3, 321-27, 1876.

Discouraged by the high mortality of intussusception, Hirschsprung instituted a plan of controlled hydrostatic pressure reduction. By 1905 he was able to present a 35 per cent mortality based on 107 personal cases in a disease that was usually fatal in over 80 per cent of cases.



Subjects: Pediatric Surgery
  • 6360

Haemorrhagic periostitis of the shafts of several of the long bones, with separation of the epiphyses.

Trans. path. Soc. Lond., 27, 219-22, 1876.

Craniohypophyseal xanthomatosis was first reported by Sir Thomas Smith (see also No. 6359). Hand in 1893 (No. 6361), Schüller in 1915 (No. 6362), and Christian in 1919 (No. 6363) also reported cases, and the condition became known as the “Hand–Schüller–Christian syndrome”.



Subjects: ORTHOPEDICS › Diseases of or Injuries to Bones, Joints & Skeleton
  • 6389

Grundriss der Geschichte der Medicin und des heilenden Standes.

Stuttgart: Ferdinand Enke, 1876.

Until superseded by Garrison, Baas’s book was the most important one-volume text on the history of medicine. For an expert evaluation of it, see Garrison’s History, 4th ed., p. 884. An English translation, by H.E. Handerson was published in New York in 1889 as Outlines of the history of medicine. Digital facsimile of the 1876 edition from the Internet Archive at this link. Digital facsimile of the 1889 translation from Google Books at this link.



Subjects: History of Medicine: General Works
  • 6586

A century of American medicine 1776-1876. By Edward H. Clarke, H. J. Bigelow, S. D. Gross, T. Gaillard Thomas and J. S. Billings.

Philadelphia: H. C.Lea, 1876.

Digital facsimile from the Internet Archive at this link.



Subjects: COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › United States (See also state listings under U.S.)
  • 3285

Rhinitis chronica. Ozaena. Stockschnupfen. Stinknase. In Ziemssen’s Handbuch der speciellen Pathologie und Therapie 4, I, 125-34

Leipzig, 1876.

Fraenkel established ozena (atrophic rhinitis) as a clinical entity.



Subjects: OTORHINOLARYNGOLOGY (Ear, Nose, Throat) › Rhinology
  • 4500

Rhumatisme.

Dict. encyclopéd. Sci. méd., Paris, 3 sér., 4, 446-819, 1876.

Besnier wrote an important description of rheumatism.



Subjects: RHEUMATOLOGY
  • 4501

The treatment of acute rheumatism by salicin.

Lancet, 1, 34243, 383-84, London, 1876.

Introduction of salicylates in the treatment of rheumatism.



Subjects: RHEUMATOLOGY
  • 4558.1

Iconographie photographique de la Salpêtrière. Service de M. Charcot. 3 vols.

Paris: Bureaux du Progrès Médical & Adrien Delahaye et Lecroisnier, 18761880.

A photographic atlas devoted to cases of hysteria and epilepsy, with case histories; the third volume includes discussions of hypnotism, somnambulism and magnetism. Bourneville was Charcot’s assistant at the Salpêtrière from 1870-79. The plates in v. 1 are mounted photographs (albumen prints) with letterpress captions; the plates in v. 2-3 are collotypes with letterpress captions. All of the plates, which depict patients at La Salpêtrière, are from photographs by Bourneville and Regnard. Title-page vignettes: (v.1: mounted albumen print; v. 2-3: collotypes). Digital facsimile of vol. 1 from Google Books at this link; of vol. 2 from the Internet Archive at this link, and of vol. 3 from the Internet Archive at this link.

Continued in the Nouvelle iconographie, No. 4575. For an analysis of this see No. 8068



Subjects: IMAGING › Photography / Photomicrography , NEUROLOGY › Diseases of the Nervous System, NEUROLOGY › Epilepsy, PSYCHIATRY › Hysteria
  • 497

Contributions à l’histoire de la vésicule germinative et du premier noyau embryonnaire.

Bull. Acad. Roy. Sci. Belg., 2 sér., 41, 38-85., 1876.

Independently of Flemming, van Beneden discovered the centrosome.



Subjects: EMBRYOLOGY
  • 7215

Études historiques, physiologiques et cliniques sur la transfusion du sang.

Paris: J.-B. Baillière, 1876.

An excellent and well-documented treatise on blood transfusion, including a comprehensive history of the subject from its beginnings in the seventeenth century to its revival in the nineteenth after a long period of disuse. The nineteenth century witnessed both the first human-to-human transfusion (in 1818) and the beginning of scientific research on how to make transfusion more practicable, including the development of improved transfusion technology (illustrated here in the plates and text wood-engravings) and the use of anticoagulants to prevent clotting. During this time several Continental researchers also began experimenting again with animal-to-human transfusion, which had been practiced briefly in the seventeenth century before being banned in 1670; Oré reported on 150 of these heterologous transfusions, describing the procedure as both efficacious and relatively (!) harmless. He recommended using lamb’s blood, as its red corpuscles are the same size as those in human blood. This is the greatly expanded second edition; the first edition, published in 1868, consisted of only 189pp. Digital facsimile from the HathiTrust at this link.



Subjects: THERAPEUTICS › Blood Transfusion, THERAPEUTICS › Blood Transfusion › History of Blood Transfusion
  • 8911

The effects of cross and self fertilisation in the vegetable kingdom.

London: John Murray, 1876.

Darwin's report on over 12 years of experimentation with cross and self-fertilization on 57 species. In these experiments Darwin discovered and demonstrated the concept of hybrid vigor or heterosis.



Subjects: BOTANY, GENETICS / HEREDITY
  • 9316

Hygeia: A city of health.

London: Macmillan, 1876.

Imaginative outline for an utopian city of 100,000 people which Richardson, as public health reformer, hoped would reduce mortality to five per thousand in two generations. Includes details of the laying out of streets - with subway trains beneath - down to their paving and camber. Housing, Richardson planned to be entirely above ground; with impermeable brickwork, but laid with removable wedges that allowed cavity air to be flushed or heated. Interior walls and arched ceilings, Richardson planned to be made of glazed brickwork, allowing the complete interior to be washed down with water. As in other garden cities, Richardson placed factories, sanitation works, abbatoirs, etc. some distance from the city, and trades such as tailoring, shoe-making, lacework, he removed from homes to convenient blocks of offices and workrooms. He planned small, almost portable, model hospitals every few blocks, with the insane, infirm and incapacitated to be cared for in houses indistinguishable from the houses of healthy people. Digital facsimile from the Internet Archive at this link.



Subjects: PUBLIC HEALTH
  • 9527

Diseases of modern life.

London: Macmillan, 1876.

Digital facsimile from the Internet Archive at this link.



Subjects: OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH & MEDICINE , PUBLIC HEALTH
  • 10412

The people's medical advisor.

Buffalo, NY: Published at the World's Dispensary Printing-Office and Bindery, 1876.

A graduate of the Eclectic Medical College in Cincinnati, Vaughn was a member of the New York State Senate (31st D.) in 1878 and 1879, and was elected as a Republican to the 46th United States Congress, holding office from March 4, 1879 to September 18, 1880, when he resigned. On the title page of this book, which was reprinted many times, Pierce styled himself "Counselor-in-chief of the Board of Physicians and Surgeons, at the World's Dispensary".  Pierce manufactured and sold of patent medicines, and established the Invalids' Hotel and Surgical Institute. His manufacturing business started with "Doctor Pierce's Favorite Prescription", which he followed with other medicines, including Smart Weed and Dr. Pierce's Pleasant Pellets. Nearly one million bottles of Dr. Pierce's Smart Weed and other preparations shipped annually.



Subjects: Household or Self-Help Medicine, PHARMACOLOGY › PHARMACEUTICALS, U.S.: CONTENT OF PUBLICATIONS BY STATE › New York
  • 10494

Catalogue of dental materials, furniture, instruments, etc.

Philadelphia: Samuel S. White, 1876.

White, who characterized himself as "Manufacturer, importer, and wholesale dealer in all articles appertaining to dentistry," was the leading U.S. manufacturer of dental supplies during the 19th century. His 1876 catalogue, with 408 pages, is among his most comprehensive. Digital facsimile of the 1877 edition from the Hathi Trust at this link.  Facsimile reprint "With a new introduction on Samuel S. White and the S. S. White Dental Company by Audrey B. Davis. (San Francisco: Norman Publishing in association with Smithsonian Institution Libraries, 1995).



Subjects: DENTISTRY › Dental Instruments & Apparatus, DENTISTRY › History of Dentistry, INSTRUMENTS & TECHNOLOGIES › Dental Instruments
  • 10681

Cholera epidemics in East Africa. An account of the several diffusions of the disease in the country from 1821 till 1872, with an outline of the geography, ethnology, and trade connections of the regions through which the epidemics passed.

London: Macmillan, 1876.

Digital facsimile from the Internet Archive at this link.



Subjects: COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › Africa, EPIDEMIOLOGY › History of Epidemiology, INFECTIOUS DISEASE › Cholera
  • 10795

The southern side: Or, Andersonville Prison. Complied from official documents. Together with an examination of the Wirz Trial: A comparison of the mortality in Northern and Southern prisons; remarks on the exchange bureau, etc. An appendix, showing the number of prisoners that died at Andersonville, and the causes of death; classified lists of all that died in stockade and hospital, etc., etc.

Baltimore, MD: Turnbull Brothers, 1876.

Stevenson was chief surgeon at the Confederate States Military Prison Hospitals in Andersonville, Georgia. The appendix lists the causes of death of 12,912 men.

"Andersonville Prison, established in Georgia early in 1864 to relieve the congestion in the capital and ease the supply problem, soon became the scene of sickness and death of an almost unbelievable scale. The inadequate facilities, the difficulties in procuring supplies and equipment, and the increasing poverty of the Confederacy were the principal factors that go to explain the frightful conditions that existed at Andersonville. Surgeon R. Randolph Stevenson, medical officer in charge, was appraised by one of his colleagues as a 'poor medical man & no surgeon, but an energetic officer in trying to provide for the wants and comforts of the sick under his charge--but without the means afforded him here to accomplish his desires" (Cunningham, Doctors in Gray, 103.)

Digital facsimile from the Internet Archive at this link.



Subjects: American (U.S.) CIVIL WAR MEDICINE, American (U.S.) CIVIL WAR MEDICINE › History of U.S. Civil War Medicine, COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › United States (See also state listings under U.S.) › American South, HOSPITALS
  • 10839

Report of the Royal Commission on the Practice of Subjecting Live Animals to Experiments for Scientific Purposes: With minutes and evidence and appendix.

London: Eyre & Spottiswoode, 1876.

This commission, or others with a similar name, seems to have continued intermittently in England for several decades, with the fourth report of the Royal Commission on Vivisection issued as late as 1908.

Digital facsimile of the 1876 report from the Internet Archive at this link.



Subjects: Medicine: General Works › Experimental Design › Vivisection / Antivivisection
  • 11161

Du cancer chez les enfants.

Paris: Imprimerie Badoureau, 1876.

Duzan's thesis was the first treatise exclusively on cancer in childhood. He was able to collect 182 cases. All 182 cases were of pediatric sarcoma: 70 of the eye, 45 of the kidney, 11 of the testicle, 8 of the prostate, and the remainder divided among the bones, tongue, abdomen, brain and dura mater, lung, pancreas, liver, tonsils, rectum and stomach. 
Digital facsimile from wellcomecollection.org at this link.



Subjects: NEPHROLOGY › Renal Disease, ONCOLOGY & CANCER, PEDIATRICS
  • 11222

Handbuch der Samenkunde: physiologisch-statistische Untersuchungen über den wirthschaftlichen Gebrauchswerth der land- und forstwirthschaftlichen, sowie gärtnerischen Saatwaren.

Berlin: Wiegandt, Hempel & Parey, 1876.

In 1869 Nobbe set up the first seed control station, establishing the science of seed testing. He set out to improve seed quality in a sustainable way, through systematic inspection. In his Handbuch der Samenkunde he described the morphology and anatomy of seeds, the germination process, and the physical conditions required for germination, and methods for determining the value of the seeds. He called for the introduction of uniform examination methods. His experimental and control station for seeds in Tharandt, Germany became a model for the establishment of similar seed testing stations elsewhere. Digital facsimile from Google Books at this link.



Subjects: Agriculture / Horticulture, BOTANY
  • 11261

Specimen fasciculus of a catalogue of the National Medical Library, under the direction of the Surgeon-General, United States Army at Washington, D. C.

Washington, DC: Government Printing Office, 1876.

This analystical subject-author catalogue was a 96-page preview of what became known four years later as the Index-Catalogue of the Library of Surgeon General's Office. Reflecting Billings' long term view of the institution, this may have been the first publication to refer to the Surgeon General's library at a "National Medical Library." Digital facsimile from the U.S. National Library of Medicine at this link.



Subjects: BIBLIOGRAPHY
  • 11574

Methodik der physiologischen experimente und vivisectionen. 2 vols.

Giessen: J. Ricker & St. Petersburg, Russia: Carl Ricker, 1876.

"This textbook and its remarkable atlas [of 54 plates] was used by Europe's leading physiologists as they expanded animal experimentation in an attempt to understand human function in health and disease" (W. Bruce Fye).

Digital facsimile from Google Books at this link.



Subjects: Medicine: General Works › Experimental Design › Vivisection / Antivivisection, PHYSIOLOGY
  • 12004

A catalogue of plants cultivated in the garden of John Gerard, in the years 1596-1599. Edited with notes, references to Gerard's Herball, the addition of modern names, and a life of the author by Benjamin Daydon Jackson.

London: Privately Printed, 1876.

Digital facsimile from Biodiversity Heritage Library at this link.



Subjects: BOTANY › Botanical Gardens, BOTANY › Catalogues of Plants
  • 12089

Female health and hygiene on the Pacific Coast.

San Francisco, CA: Bonnard & Daly, 1876.

This was probably the first book on female health and hygiene published in California and intended for the residents of the state. The book was written for women rather than for medical professionals. Little is known of Joshua Harrison Stallard other than that he was a provincial medical practitioner who moved to London and campaigned for improvement in metropolitan workhouses. Stallard apparently wrote this book after a relatively brief visit to California where he recognized the need for information of this kind. Digital facsimile from Google Books at this link.



Subjects: Hygiene, Self-Help Guides, U.S.: CONTENT OF PUBLICATIONS BY STATE › California, WOMEN in Medicine & the Life Sciences, Publications About
  • 12220

Contribution a l’étude du phénomène respiratoire de Cheyne-Stokes.

Lyon méd., 23, 517-528, 561-567, 1876.
Biot's respiration, "an abnormal pattern of breathing characterized by groups of quick, shallow inspirations followed by regular or irregular periods of apnea"


Subjects: RESPIRATION › Respiratory Diseases
  • 12891

A history of dental and oral science in America. Prepared under the direction of the American Academy of Dental Science.

Philadelphia: Samuel S. White, 1876.

The first history of dentistry in America written by James E. Dexter for the American Academy of Dental Science.
Digital facsimile from the Hathi Trust at this link.



Subjects: DENTISTRY › History of Dentistry
  • 12995

Gerichtlich-medicinische Untersuchungen über das Skopzenthum in Russland nebst historischen Notizen.

Giessen: J. Rucker, 1876.

Pelikan, professor of forensic medicine in St. Petersburg, published this German version of his treatise on the fanatical Russian Christian sect Skoptsy, known for its practice of castration, clitoridectomies, and mastectomies of its members, the year after it appeared in Russian. "According to the Great Soviet Encyclopedia, the sect still operated within the USSR in 1947.[14] It is believed to have mostly disappeared by the 1970s,[15] although there are reports of surviving communities in Latvia in the 1990s.[16] A small sect of so-called "spiritual Skoptsy" (духовные скопцы), ascetics who do not practice castration, survive in the North Caucasus" (Wikipedia article on Skoptsy, accessed 6-2020).



Subjects: ANTHROPOLOGY › Medical Anthropology, COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › Russia, SEXUALITY / Sexology › Sexuality / Sexology
  • 13103

Nouveau traité élémentaire et pratique des maladies mentales. Suivi de considérations pratiques sur l'administration des asiles d'aliénés.

Paris: J.-B. Baillière et fils, 1876.

The first psychiatric textbook to utilize photographic illustrations of patients. This was the second edition of Dagonet's Traité élémentaire et pratique des maladies mentales (1862). The second edition included 8 Woodburytype photographs depicting 33 "types of insanity."
A proponent of physiognomic diagnosis, which associated physical and facial morphology to personal characteristics (Pichel 2019), Dagonet strategically used visuals to make his textual arguments more convincing. Dagonet hired photographer J. Valette to create “portrait-style” photographs of a number of his patients at the Sainte Anne asylum in Paris. Digital facsimile from Google Books at this link.



Subjects: IMAGING › Photography / Photomicrography , PSYCHIATRY
  • 13160

International Exhibition of 1876. Medical Department, U.S. Army. Photographs illustrating rare books in the National Medical Library. Philadelphia, 1876. 2 vols.

Washington, DC: U.S. National Library of Medicine, 1876.

These two volumes include a series of original photographs of primarily the title pages of rare medical books in the National Medical Library pasted onto specially printed sheets with manuscript entries indicating their accession number at the NLM and their number in the sequence of images in the two volumes. Captions for the images are provided in printed lists in the preliminary leaves of each volume. Both volumes have printed title pages and give the impression of being privately printed books, vol. 1 including photographs 1-54, and vol. 2 photographs 55-104. Whether multiple copies of this set were distributed to other institutions after the exhibition was unclear. The selection of the works photographed for this set provides an indication of works regarded by the NLM as major classics at the time.

The first volume contained an explanatory statement by Billings in the form of a letter to General J. K. Barnes dated May 6, 1876 as follows:

"General:

"The photographs herewith submitted are intended to indicate some of the older and rare books in the National Medical Library, and are to be placed in the International Exhibition of 1876, in connection with the Catalogues of the Library, as the safest and most convenient means of showing what has been accomplished in the attempt made by this Department to form a collection of medical literature which should meet the demands of the physicians of the United States.

"The photographs have been prepared under the supervision of Assistant-Surgeon J. J. Woodward, U.S.A., and are unusually successful. It must be remembered that many of these books are yellow with age, and that all yellow spots or stains appear in the photograph as dark or black spots.

"The photographs may be considered as being arranged in three series.

"The first series is taken from early printed books, the so-called "Incunabulae," and from other works, which are are rare, at least in this country.

"The second series relates to Surgery, and especially Military Surgery; and the third series is from rare books and pamphlets connected with American Medical History.

"Very respectfully, your obedient servant,
John S. Billings,
Assistant-Surgeon, United States Army
In Charge of Library"

Digital facsimile of both volumes from U.S. National Library of Medicine at this link.



Subjects: BIBLIOGRAPHY › Catalogues of Institutional Medical Libraries
  • 534.65

Récherches sur la production artificielle des monstruosités, ou essais de teratologénie expérimentale.

Paris: Reinwald, 1877.

Dareste devoted his career to experimental teratology, and in this work established the field as a science. The second edition (1891) was greatly revised and enlarged. Contains a valuable history of experimental teratology.



Subjects: TERATOLOGY, TERATOLOGY › History of Teratology
  • 823.1

Beiträge zur Kenntniss der Reizwell und Contractionswelle des Herzmuskels.

Pflügers Arch. ges. Physiol., 15, 511-36, 1877.

Marchand obtained the first electrocardiogram. Using the differential rheotome he measured the time course of the potential variations from the frog’s heart.



Subjects: CARDIOLOGY › CARDIOVASCULAR PHYSIOLOGY › Cardiac Electrophysiology, CARDIOLOGY › Tests for Heart & Circulatory Function › Electrocardiography, INSTRUMENTS & TECHNOLOGIES › Medical Instruments
  • 4554

Fat and blood and how to make them.

Philadelphia: J. B. Lippincott, 1877.

Includes full account of Weir Mitchell’s rest cure for nervous disorders.



Subjects: NEUROLOGY › Diseases of the Nervous System
  • 4555

The relation of pain to weather, being a study of the natural history of a case of traumatic neuralgia.

Amer. J. med. Sci., 73, 305-29, 1877.

First study of the subject.



Subjects: NEUROLOGY › Diseases of the Nervous System, PAIN / Pain Management
  • 631

A text-book of physiology.

London: Macmillan, 1877.

Foster was one of the greatest of the modern teachers of physiology. He became professor at Cambridge in 1883. Many great scientists are numbered among his pupils. See G.L. Geisen, Michael Foster and the Cambridge School of Physiology. Princeton, Princeton University Press, 1978.



Subjects: PHYSIOLOGY
  • 632

Observations on the locomotor system of Medusae. 3 pts.

Phil. Trans., 166, 269-313; 167, 659-752; 171, 161-202, 18771880.

Charles Sherrington described the significance of Romanes' research on jellyfish in terms of its impact on cardiac physiology: "Romanes's observations carried out with simple means were novel and fundamental. The questions which he put to the swimming-bell [medusa or jelly-fish] and answered from it, led, it is not too much to say, to the development of modern cardiology. Medusa swims by the beat of its bell, and Romanes examining it discovered there and analyzed the two phenomena now recognized world-over in the physiology of the heart, and there spoken of as the 'pace-maker' and 'conduction-block'" (Sherrington quoted in W. Bruce Fye, "The origin of the heart beat: A tale of frogs, jellyfish and turtles," Circulation 76 (1987) 493-500.

Romanes’ work with electro-stimulation directly influenced W. H. Gaskell in his artificial production of heart block, the name for which Gaskell based on an expression of Romanes. See No. 829.



Subjects: BIOLOGY › Marine Biology, CARDIOLOGY › CARDIOVASCULAR PHYSIOLOGY › Cardiac Electrophysiology, PHYSIOLOGY › Comparative Physiology
  • 630

K voprosu o perevyazkie vorotnoi veni. Predvaritelnoye soobshtshenize. [On the ligature of the portal vein.]

Voyenno med. J., 130, No. 2, 1-2., 1877.

Eck developed the “Eck fistula” for the experimental study of diseases of the liver and the relation of the liver to metabolism. English translation in Surg. Gynec. Obstet., 1953, 96, 375.



Subjects: HEPATOLOGY › Diseases of the Liver, HEPATOLOGY › Hepatic Physiology
  • 4624

Die Störungen der Sprache.

Leipzig: F. C. W. Vogel, 1877.

Kussmaul termed aphasia “word-blindness”. The book was issued as a supplement to vol. 12 of Ziemssen’s Handbuch der speciellen Pathologie und Therapie. English translation in Ziemssen’s Cyclopedia of the practice of medicine, Vol. 14, New York, 1877.



Subjects: NEUROLOGY › Aphasia, Agraphia, Agnosia
  • 697

Ueber die Ausscheidung des Indicans unter physiologischen und pathologischen Verhältnissen.

Virchows Arch. path. Anat., 70, 72-111., 1877.

Isolation of indican in the urine.



Subjects: BIOCHEMISTRY, BIOCHEMISTRY › Clinical Chemistry
  • 698

Osmotische Untersuchungen.

Leipzig: Wilhelm Engelmann, 1877.

The osmotic pressures of solutions were found by Pfeffer to be directly in proportion to the concentration of the solute and to the absolute temperature. English translation, 1895.



Subjects: Chemistry
  • 699

Untersuchungen über die Wirkung der Säuren auf den thierischen Organismus.

Arch. exp. Path. Pharmak., 7, 148-78., 1877.


Subjects: BIOCHEMISTRY
  • 4745

On cerebritis, hysteria, and bulbar paralysis, as illustrative of arrest of function of the cerebro-spinal centres.

Guy’s Hosp. Rep., 3 ser., 22, 7-55, 1877.

The case of “bulbar paralysis” (pp. 45-55) is believed to be the first definite record of myasthenia gravis.



Subjects: NEUROLOGY › Myopathies
  • 498

Beobachtungen über die Beschaffenheit des Zellkerns.

Arch. mikr. Anat., 13, 693-717., 1877.

Discovery of the centrosome.



Subjects: EMBRYOLOGY
  • 4799

A case of general paralysis at the age of sixteen.

J. ment. Sci., 23, 419-20, 1877.

Clouston, eminent English psychiatrist, was the first definitely to recognize the relationship between paresis and congenital syphilis and to report a case. This paper is also of interest as being the only recorded case of juvenile paresis at the time Ibsen wrote Ghosts, with its excellent portrayal of the condition in the person of Oswald Alving.



Subjects: LITERATURE / Philosophy & Medicine & Biology, NEUROLOGY › Neurosyphilis, NEUROLOGY › Paralysis › General Paresis
  • 1779

Traité de climatologie médicale, 4 vols. and 1 atlas.

Paris: J.-B. Baillière, 18771880.


Subjects: Bioclimatology, Geography of Disease / Health Geography
  • 1997

Researches on the effect of light upon bacteria and other organisms.

Proc. roy. Soc. (Lond.), 26, 488-500, 1877.

Downes and Blunt were the first to demonstrate the bactericidal action of sunlight; they regarded the germicidal property of light as depending on oxidation.



Subjects: INFECTIOUS DISEASE › GENERAL PRINCIPLES of Infection by Microorganisms, THERAPEUTICS
  • 1998

Die Hydrotherapie. 2 vols.

Vienna: Urban & Schwarzenberg, 1877.


Subjects: THERAPEUTICS › Hydrotherapy
  • 1411

Untersuchungen über die Haubenregion und ihre oberen Verknüpfungen im Gehirne des Menschen und einiger Säugethiere, mit Beiträgen zu den Methoden der Gehirnuntersuchung.

Arch. Psychiat. Nervenkr., 7, 393-495., 1877.

Forel elucidated the subthalamic region, “campus Foreli”.



Subjects: NEUROSCIENCE › NERVOUS SYSTEM › Brain, including Medulla: Cerebrospinal Fluid
  • 2033

Hauptmomente in der geschichtlichen Entwickelung der medicinischen Therapie.

Copenhagen: A. F. Host, 1877.

Reprinted Hildesheim, 1966.



Subjects: THERAPEUTICS › History of Therapeutics
  • 1274

Ueber die Ermüdung und Erholung der Nerven.

Pflüg. Arch. ges. Physiol., 15, 289-327, 1877.

After successfully tetanizing a nerve-muscle preparation, Bernstein inferred, from this and additional data, that nerve is exhausted in the process. This conflicted with the findings of Bowditch (No. 1281-82) and Vvedenskii (No. 1280).



Subjects: NEUROSCIENCE › NERVOUS SYSTEM › Peripheral Nerves / Nerve Impulses
  • 145.61

Die Auster und die Austernwirtschaft.

Berlin: Verlag von Wiegandt, 1877.

In this study of oyster culture precipitated by the impoverishment of natural oyster beds, Möbius provided the earliest description of a marine animal community maintained in a state of equilibrium by limitations of resources.



Subjects: BIOLOGY, BIOLOGY › Ecology / Environment, BIOLOGY › Marine Biology
  • 1517

Zur Physiologie des Sehens und der Farbenempfindung.

Mber. k. preuss. Akad. Wiss. Berlin, 2-7, 72-74., 1877.

Boll noted that visual purple is bleached on exposure to light.



Subjects: OPHTHALMOLOGY › Physiology of Vision
  • 2303

Vorlesungen über allgemeine Pathologie. 2 vols.

Berlin: A. Hirschwald, 18771880.

Apart from Virchow’s Cellularpathologie, this was the most influential textbook of pathology during the 19th century. It includes (vol. 1, p. 38) a report on the experimental production of heart murmurs. English translation, New Sydenham Society, 3 vols., 1889-90.



Subjects: CARDIOLOGY, PATHOLOGY
  • 2487

Beitrag zur Kenntnis der Anilinfärbungen und ihrer Verwendung in der mikroskopischen Technik.

Arch. mikr. Anat., 13, 263-77, 1877.

Ehrlich’s first paper on the staining of specific granulation in white blood corpuscles by means of aniline dyes. His work immensely affected subsequent technical methods of staining.



Subjects: BACTERIOLOGY › Bacteriology, Laboratory techniques in, MICROBIOLOGY
  • 2488

Verfahrungen zur Untersuchung, zum Conserviren und Photographiren der Bacterien.

Beitr. Biol. Pflanzen, 2, 399-434, 1877.

Koch greatly improved staining methods; he laid the foundations of the technical procedures employed in bacteriology today. In the above paper he described his method of slide preparation, making films of bacteria on cover-slips and fixing them gently by heat, his methods of staining, and preserving the specimens. He also gave details of his method of photographing bacteria, and reproduced the first photomicrographs of bacteria. In some of his reproductions of photomicrographs the cilia are clearly perceptible.



Subjects: BACTERIOLOGY › Bacteriology, Laboratory techniques in, IMAGING › Photography / Photomicrography , MICROBIOLOGY
  • 2489

On the lactic fermentation and its bearings on pathology.

Trans. path. Soc. Lond., 29, 425-67, 18771878.

Lister was the first to obtain a pure culture of a bacterium (Bact. lactis).  Lister first presented the results of this research in an address to the Royal Society on December 18, 1877. Because of its historic significance the text of the lecture was almost immediately published in Lancet,II, 918-921 in the issue of December 22, 1877. His full report in the Transactions of the Pathological Society of London appeared significantly later, in 1878. In the lecture Lister actually demonstrated before his audience how to obtain a "pure culture" of an organism.
(Thanks to Juan Weiss for this reference and its interpretation.)

"
Joseph Lister's goal was to show that a pure culture of Bacterium lactis, normally present in milk, uniquely caused the lactic acid fermentation of milk. To demonstrate this fact he devised a procedure to obtain a pure clonal population of B. lactis, a result that had not previously been achieved for any microorganism. Lister equated the process of fermentation with infectious disease and used this bacterium as a model organism, demonstrating its role in fermentation; from this result he made the inductive inference that infectious diseases of humans are the result of the growth of specific, microscopic, living organisms in the human host.... By demonstrating that a microscopic living entity smaller than a yeast cell could cause fermentation, he was able to argue ‘that other organisms may exist … smaller than the B. lactis’, and not readily visible in diseased human tissues, could be the cause of infectious disease in humans.3 This paper was a landmark for two reasons. It was the first example of the use of a bacterium as a model organism and also for the invention of a procedure, now characterized as the limiting dilution method, for isolating a specific bacterium in a pure form, providing a first case of bacterial cloning.4 (Santer, "Joseph Lister: first use of a bacterium as a 'model organism' to illustrate the cause of infectious disease of humans," Notes and Records of the Royal Society, 64, 2009) .



Subjects: BACTERIOLOGY › BACTERIA (mostly pathogenic; sometimes indexed only to genus) › Gram-Positive Bacteria › Lactobacillus , MICROBIOLOGY, Zymology (Zymurgy) (Fermentation)
  • 1749

Lehrbuch der gerichtlichen Medicin.

Vienna: Urban & Schwarzenberg, 18771878.

An important German work on the subject. Hofmann’s book went through many editions and was translated into several European languages.



Subjects: Forensic Medicine (Legal Medicine)
  • 1932.1
  • 2490

Charbon et septicémie.

C. R. Acad. Sci. (Paris), 85, 101-15, 1877.

Discovery of Vibrion septique (Cl. septicum), the first pathogenic anerobe to be found. Pasteur and Joubert were probably the first to realize the practical implications of antibiosis. They noted the antagonism between Bacillus anthracis and other bacteria in cultures.

 



Subjects: BACTERIOLOGY › BACTERIA (mostly pathogenic; sometimes indexed only to genus) › Gram-Positive Bacteria, BACTERIOLOGY › BACTERIA (mostly pathogenic; sometimes indexed only to genus) › Gram-Positive Bacteria › Bacillus , BACTERIOLOGY › BACTERIA (mostly pathogenic; sometimes indexed only to genus) › Gram-Positive Bacteria › Bacillus › Bacillus anthracis, BACTERIOLOGY › BACTERIA (mostly pathogenic; sometimes indexed only to genus) › Gram-Positive Bacteria › Clostridium, PHARMACOLOGY › PHARMACEUTICALS › Antibiotics
  • 2491

Fermentation and its bearings on the phenomena of disease.

Glasgow: W. Collins, 1877.

See No. 2495.



Subjects: BACTERIOLOGY, MICROBIOLOGY, Zymology (Zymurgy) (Fermentation)
  • 176

Beiträge zur physischen Anthropologie der Deutschen. Mit besonderer Berücksichtigung der Friesen.

Abh. k. preuss. Akad. Wiss. Berl. Phys.-math. Klasse, Abt. 1, 1-390., Berlin, 1877.

Virchow made an important survey of the physical characters of the German people. Outside pathology of which he was the Master, Virchow’s greatest scientific interest was anthropology.



Subjects: ANTHROPOLOGY › Physical Anthropology, COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › Germany
  • 3125.2

A case of progressive pernicious anaemia (idiopathic of Addison).

Canada Med. Surg. J., 5, 383-404., 1877.

First complete account of pernicious anemia. "In 1877, William Gardner and Osler described a patient who was almost certainly the first with the clinical, hematologic, and pathologic features to leave no doubt it was Addisonian pernicious anemia., The case was that of a 52-year-old Englishman who complained of weakness and dyspnea on exertion, numbness of the fingers and the hands (difficulty buttoning his clothes), and a throbbing sensation in his temples. He died of progressive symptoms 3 months later. In the peripheral blood, Osler described macro-ovalocytes that measured up to 14 × 9 µ and large nucleated red cells with abnormal chromatin. At autopsy, pallor of the skin and organs was described, as well as a peculiar lemon tint to the skin and a thin gastric membrane. The bone marrow disclosed intense hyperplasia and was filled with large nucleated red cells having homogeneous stroma and finely granulated nuclei. This was the first clear description of the megaloblast so named by Paul Ehrlich 3 years later. Osler rejected William Pepper’s idea that PA was a form of pseudo-leukemia but hypothesized instead that it was a reversion of the bone marrow to an embryonic state, though why he did not know. Osler remarked it was “a disease … concerning the pathology of which we still have a good deal to learn, and concerning the successful treatment of which we as yet know nothing”  (Marvin J. Stone, "Diabetes mellitus and pernicious anemia: Interrelated therapeutic triumphs discovered shortly after William Osler’s death," Proc. (Baylor Univ. Med. Cent) 33 (2020) 689-692).

 
 
 
 


Subjects: HEMATOLOGY › Anemia & Chlorosis
  • 3593

Studien zur Radikalbehandlung der Hernien.

Wien. med. Wschr., 27, 497-500, 527-30, 553-56, 578-81., Vienna, 1877.


Subjects: SURGERY: General › Hernia
  • 2780

Du rétrécissement mitral pur.

Arch. gén. Méd. 6 sér., 30, 32-54, 184-97, 1877.

First description of congenital mitral stenosis, “Duroziez’s disease.”



Subjects: CARDIOLOGY › CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE › Heart Valve Disease, CARDIOLOGY › Congenital Heart Defects, GENETICS / HEREDITY › HEREDITARY / CONGENITAL DISEASES OR DISORDERS › Congenital Heart Defects
  • 3386

Erkrankungen des Warzentheiles.

Arch. Ohrenheilk, 13, 26-68, 1877.

First clear description of mastoiditis.



Subjects: OTOLOGY , OTOLOGY › Diseases of the Ear
  • 3387.1

Ueber einen einheitlichen Hörmesser.

Arch. Ohrenheilk., 12, 104-09, 1877.

Politzer described an acumeter.



Subjects: INSTRUMENTS & TECHNOLOGIES, OTOLOGY › Audiology
  • 3942

Leçons sur le diabète et la glycogenèse animale.

Paris: J.-B. Baillière, 1877.

Bernard showed that in diabetes there is primarily glycemia followed by glycosuria.



Subjects: Metabolism & Metabolic Disorders › Diabetes
  • 3943

Notes et reflexions à propos de 2 cas de diabète sucré avec altération du pancreas.

Bull. Acad. Méd. (Paris), 2 sér., 6, 1215-40., Paris, 1877.

Lancereaux was the first definitely to claim a causal relationship between lesions of the pancreas and diabetes.



Subjects: Ductless Glands: Internal Secretion › Pancreas, Metabolism & Metabolic Disorders › Diabetes
  • 4073

The minute anatomy of dysidrosis.

Trans. path. Soc. Lond., 29, 264-68, London, 18771878.


Subjects: DERMATOLOGY › Specific Dermatoses
  • 4342

On the formation of synovial cysts in the leg in connection with disease of the knee joint.

St. Barth. Hosp. Rep., 13, 245-61; 1885, 21, 177-90, 1877.

“Baker’s cysts” of the knee-joint. Reprinted in Med. Classics, 1941, 5, 785-820.



Subjects: ORTHOPEDICS › Diseases of or Injuries to Bones, Joints & Skeleton
  • 4343

On a form of chronic inflammation of bones (osteitis deformans).

Med.-chir. Trans., 60, 37-64; 65, 225-36., 1877, 1882.

Paget was at one time Sergeant Surgeon to Queen Victoria. His classic description of osteitis deformans led that condition to be called “Paget’s disease”. Reprinted in Med. Classics, 1936, 1, 29-71.



Subjects: ORTHOPEDICS › Diseases of or Injuries to Bones, Joints & Skeleton
  • 4344.1

Spinal disease and spinal curvature, their treatment by suspension and the use of the plaster of Paris bandage.

London: Smith, Elder, 1877.

Sayre’s monograph on his methods of treating tuberculosis of the spine and scolosis is the first American surgical textbook to contain actual mounted photographs, some of which are remarkable for their artistic qualities. The book was first published in London while Sayre was a delegate to the British Medical Congress. The virtually identical American edition was published in Philadelphia by Lippincott, also in 1877.



Subjects: ART & Medicine & Biology, IMAGING › Photography / Photomicrography , INFECTIOUS DISEASE › Tuberculosis › Tuberculous Spondylitis (Pott's Disease), ORTHOPEDICS › Orthopedic Devices, ORTHOPEDICS › Orthopedic Surgery & Treatments › Spine
  • 3693

The history of the reform movement in the dental profession in Great Britain during the last twenty years.

London: Trübner & Co., 1877.

The history of the beginnings of an organized dental profession in Britain.



Subjects: DENTISTRY › History of Dentistry
  • 5168

Étude sur la maladie charbonneuse.

C. R. Soc. Biol. (Paris), 84, 900-06, 1877.

Pasteur confirmed Koch’s results regarding anthrax; with Joubert he carried the bacillus through 100 generations and succeeded in producing anthrax from the last, thus disposing of the idea of a separate virus.



Subjects: BACTERIOLOGY › BACTERIA (mostly pathogenic; sometimes indexed only to genus) › Gram-Positive Bacteria › Bacillus › Bacillus anthracis, INFECTIOUS DISEASE › Anthrax, VETERINARY MEDICINE
  • 4216.1

Eine eigenthümliche Nierenexstirpation.

Berl. klin. Wschr., 14, 337-40, 1877.

First nephrectomy for malignant disease.



Subjects: NEPHROLOGY › Renal Disease › Kidney Surgery
  • 4216.2

Leçons sur les maladies du foie, des voies biliaires et des reins.

Paris: Progrés Médical & Adrien Delahaye, 1877.

Charcot defined “scarlatinous nephritis” and “amyloid kidney” as distinct pathological entities. English translation, New York, 1878.



Subjects: NEPHROLOGY › Renal Disease
  • 5510

Ueber eine neue Pilzkrankheit beim Rinde.

Zbl. med. Wiss., 15, 481-85, 1877.

First effective description of Actinomyces bovis.



Subjects: BACTERIOLOGY › BACTERIA (mostly pathogenic; sometimes indexed only to genus) › Gram-Negative Bacteria › Actinomyces, VETERINARY MEDICINE
  • 5345

Filaria sanguinis hominis.

Med. Rep. Imperial Maritime Customs, China, 13th issue, 30-38, 1877.


Subjects: COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › China, People's Republic of, INFECTIOUS DISEASE › DISEASES DUE TO METAZOAN PARASITES, PARASITOLOGY › Helminths › Parasitic Worms › Filaria
  • 5345.1

Further observations on Filaria sanguinis hominis.

Med. Rep. Imperial Maritime Customs, China, (1878), Special series No. 2, 14th issue, 1-26, 1877.

Manson showed that Wuchereria bancrofti, the cause of filarial elephantiasis in man, develops in, and is transmitted by, the Culex mosquito. This was the first proof that infective diseases are spread by animal vectors. See also his later paper in J. Linnean Soc., 1878 (Zool.), 14, 304-11.



Subjects: INFECTIOUS DISEASE › DISEASES DUE TO METAZOAN PARASITES, INFECTIOUS DISEASE › VECTOR-BORNE DISEASES › Mosquito-Borne Diseases › Lymphatic Filariasis (Elephantiasis), PARASITOLOGY › Helminths › Parasitic Worms › Filaria
  • 4850.1
  • 5548

Chirurgie d’Hippocrate. 2 vols

Paris: Imprimerie nationale, 18771878.

A Greek-French edition with extensive notes and commentaries by J. E. Pétrequin, surgeon-in-chief of the Hôtel-Dieu of Lyon. Operations attributed to Hippocrates included trephination and paracentesis; his most important successes were in the reduction of fractures and dislocations.



Subjects: ANCIENT MEDICINE › Greece, NEUROSURGERY, NEUROSURGERY › History of Neurosurgery, ORTHOPEDICS › History of Orthopedics, Fractures, ORTHOPEDICS › Orthopedic Surgery & Treatments › Fractures & Dislocations, SURGERY: General › History of Surgery
  • 5994

Geschichte der Ophthalmologie. In: GRAEFE and SAEMISCH, Handbuch der gesammten Augenheilkunde 7, Theil 5, 235-554

Leipzig, 1877.

The first systematic history of the subject.



Subjects: OPHTHALMOLOGY › History of Ophthalmology
  • 5613

Mémoires de chirurgie. 5 vols.

Paris: G. Masson, 18771888.

Verneuil, Paris surgeon, introduced forcipressure in hemorrhage (see No. 5612), dry bandaging, and iodoform in the treatment of abscesses. All his works are included in his Mémoires.



Subjects: SURGERY: General
  • 5614

Du cautére Paquelin.

Bull. gén. Thérap., 93, 145-58., 1877.

Paquelin introduced a thermocautery (“Paquelin’s cautery”).



Subjects: SURGERY: General
  • 6066.1

Uber drei Fälle von primärem Carcinom im Fundus und Corpus des Uterus.

Med. Jb., 364-68, 1877.

Choriocarcinoma first reported.



Subjects: OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › GYNECOLOGY, ONCOLOGY & CANCER › Carcinoma
  • 6067

Ueber die Exstirpation normaler und nicht zu umfänglichen Tumoren degenerirter Eierstöcke.

Zbl Gynäk., 1, 297-307; 2, 25-39, 1877, 1878.

Hegar developed Battey’s operation (No. 6062) and employed it for the treatment of various ovarian conditions.



Subjects: OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › GYNECOLOGY
  • 6068

Noveau procédé pour la guérison du prolapsus utérin.

Bull. gén. Thérap., 92, 337-44, 1877.

Le Fort’s operation for prolapse.



Subjects: OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › GYNECOLOGY
  • 6069

Anatomische Bedeutung der Erosionen am Scheidentheil.

Zbl. Gynäk., 1, 17-19, 1877.


Subjects: OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › GYNECOLOGY
  • 6192

Description de deux nouveaux forceps.

Paris: Lauwereyns, 1877.

Tarnier invented the axis-traction forceps. See also Ann. Gynéc., 1877, 7, 241-64



Subjects: INSTRUMENTS & TECHNOLOGIES › Medical Instruments › Forceps, OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › OBSTETRICS
  • 6485.91
  • 9

[Charaka Samhita. Edited by Jibananda Vidyasagara.]

Calcutta: Sarasvati Press, 1877.

Sanskrit text. Authorities vary as to the date of Charaka. He is said to have lived at times varying between 800 BCE and 78 CE. The Samhita, or Sanhita, is one of the most ancient and complete systems of Hindu medicine to have survived. It is arranged in the form of dialogues between master and pupil and is divided into eight books. Charaka’s writing is superior to that of Susruta in the accuracy of his descriptions. What Susruta is to surgery, Charaka is to medicine.



Subjects: ANCIENT MEDICINE › India, Medicine: General Works
  • 6337

Handbuch der Kinderkrankheiten. Hrsg. von C. GERHARDT. 9 vols.

Tübingen: H. Laupp, 18771893.

Gerhardt edited this great work, which was written by the foremost pediatricians of the time and which gives a close-up view of pediatric knowledge at the end of the 19th century.



Subjects: PEDIATRICS
  • 6761.1

Die Uebersetzungen arabischer Werke in das Lateinische seit dem XI. Jahrhundert.

Göttingen: Dieterich'sche Verlags-Buchhandlung, 1877.

Digital facsimile from the Internet Archive at this link.



Subjects: BIBLIOGRAPHY › Manuscripts & Philology, BIBLIOGRAPHY › Manuscripts & Philology › Translations to and from Arabic, MEDIEVAL MEDICINE › Medieval Islamic or Arab Medicine
  • 5915

Beziehungen der Allgemein-Leiden und Organ-Erkrankungen zu Veränderungen und Krankheiten des Sehorgans. In: GRAEFE and SAEMISCH, Handbuch der gesammten Augenheilkunde, 7, Theil 5, 59-234

Leipzig, 1877.

Förster was among the first to study the relationship between eye disease and general and organic disease of the body.



Subjects: OPHTHALMOLOGY › Diseases of the Eye
  • 7118

De observatione ciborum epistula ad Theudericum Regem Francorum. Iterum edidit Valentinus Rose.

Leipzig: B. G. Teubner, 1877.

De observatione ciborum ("On the Observance of Foods") by Anthimus, a Byzantine physician at the court of the Ostrogoth king Theodoric, concerns foods and their preparations as well as the use of foods for selected ailments such as dysentery, diarrhea, edema, and fever. It was edited by Valentine Rose from two 9th century codices in St. Gall and Bamberg, an 11th century manuscript at St. Gall, and a 12th century manuscript at Paris. Digital facsimile of the 1877 edition from the Internet Archive at this link. English translation by Mark Grant as Anthimus: On the observance of foods (1996).



Subjects: ANCIENT MEDICINE › Late Antiquity, BYZANTINE MEDICINE, MEDIEVAL MEDICINE , MEDIEVAL MEDICINE › Italy, NUTRITION / DIET
  • 7484

The voyage of the "Challenger": The Atlantic: A preliminary account of the general results of th exploring voyage of H.M.S. "Challenger" during the year 1873 and the early part of the year 1876. 2 vols.

London: Macmillan, 1877.

Digital facsimile of the first American edition (1878) from the Biodiversity Heritage Library, Internet Archive, at this link.



Subjects: BIOLOGY › Marine Biology, BOTANY, Oceanography, VOYAGES & Travels by Physicians, Surgeons & Scientists, ZOOLOGY, ZOOLOGY › Ichthyology
  • 8417

L'ancienne faculté de médecine de Paris.

Paris: V. A. Delahaye & Cie, 1877.

Digital facsimile from BnF Gallica at this link.



Subjects: COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › France, Education, Biomedical, & Biomedical Profession › History of Biomedical Education & Medical Profession, MEDIEVAL MEDICINE › History of Medieval Medicine
  • 8528

Traité des simples. 3 vols. Notices et extraits des manuscrits de la Bibliothèque nationale et autres bibliothèques, 1877, tome 23,1; tome 25,1; tome 26,1. Traduit par Lucien Leclerc.

Paris: Imprimerie nationale, 18771883.

Ibn al-Baytar systematically recorded the additions to pharmacy made by medieval Islamic physicians, who added between 300 and 400 types of medicines to the roughly one thousand known since antiquity.

"Ibn al-Baitar’s largest and most widely read book is his Compendium on Simple Medicaments and Foods. It is a pharmacopoeia (pharmaceutical encyclopedia) listing 1400 plants, foods, and drugs and their uses. It is organized alphabetically by the name of the useful plant or plant component or other substance—a small minority of the items covered are not botanicals. For each item, Ibn al-Baitar makes one or two brief remarks himself and gives brief extracts from a handful of different earlier authors about the item. The bulk of the information is compiled from the earlier authors. The book contains references to 150 previous Arabic authors, as well as 20 previous Greek authors.[6][7] One of the sources he quotes the most frequently is the Materia Medica of Dioscorides, and another is Book Two of the Canon of Medicine of Ibn Sina. Both of those sources have similarities in layout and subject matter with Ibn al-Baitar's own book, but Ibn al-Baitar's treatments are richer in detail, and a large minority of Ibn al-Baitar's useful plants or plant substances are not covered at all by Dioscorides or Ibn Sina. In modern printed edition, the book is more than 900 pages long. As well as in Arabic, it was published in full in translation in German and French in the 19th century" (Wikipedia article on Ibnal-Batar, accessed 01-2017). Digital facsimile from docs.google.com at this link.



Subjects: BOTANY › Medical Botany, Encyclopedias, MEDIEVAL MEDICINE › Medieval Islamic or Arab Medicine, NUTRITION / DIET, PHARMACOLOGY › PHARMACEUTICALS › Materia medica / Herbals / Herbal Medicines, PHARMACOLOGY › Pharmacopeias
  • 8980

Early recollections and life of Dr. James Still.

Philadelphia: Printed for the Author by J. B. Lippincott & Co., 1877.

Still's autobiography is probably the first biography or autobiography of an African American physician.

"James Still, medical doctor and herbalist, was born on April 9, 1812 in Burlington County, New Jersey.  Still was born to Levin and Charity Still, two former slaves living in the Pine Barrens to avoid being captured and sold back into slavery. Although the Still family was poor, the children attended school periodically and had some of their own textbooks, such as the New Testament and a spelling book.  When Still was three years old, a Dr. Fort, a Philadelphia physician, came to the Pines to vaccinate the children. His visit was the spark of inspiration that led to Still’s desire to be a doctor.

"Just before Still turned 18 he was voluntarily hired out as an indentured servant by his father. During the three years of his servitude, Still read everything available about medicine and botany, and learned all he could from the Native Americans of the area. On his twenty-first birthday, he was released from his service, given $10.00 and a new suit. He left immediately for Philadelphia. Still’s racial and financial status prevented him from attending medical school. Nonetheless, he continued to gain medical knowledge, reading everything he could find while working menial jobs to support himself.  

"In the spring of 1835, Still met Angelina Willow. The two were married on July 25 of that year and had a girl, Beulah. Angelina died from tuberculosis in August of 1838 and Beulah died in August of the following year. Still quickly remarried Henrietta Thomas and the two of them had two sons, James and Joseph.

"Still’s medical career began soon after his second marriage.  He created a “cough balm” from plants and herbs grown on his farm and soon after his first patient used it successfully Still became famous.  Two Philadelphia pharmacists heard of his product and began buying all of the cough balm he could supply. With that money he was able to buy a small house and begin making house-calls to patients.

"In response to his success, local doctors challenged his medical credentials. Still consulted a local attorney and learned that he was safe from legal action as long as he continued to never claim to be an MD, nor ask for a fee for his services.

"James Still eventually suffered a stroke, limiting his practice to patients who came to his home. In 1877, he published his autobiography, Early Recollections and Life of Dr. James Still in which he detailed the memories of his life. Five years later, in 1882 James Still died of a second stroke at his New Jersey home" (http://www.blackpast.org/aah/still-james-1812-1882), accessed 02-2017).  

Digital facsimile from the Internet Archive at this link.



Subjects: AFRICAN AMERICANS & MEDICINE & BIOLOGY, BIOGRAPHY (Reference Works) › Autobiography
  • 9160

Public hygiene in America: Being the centennial discourse delivered before the International Medical Congress, Philadelphia, September, 1876 by Henry I. Bowditch. With extracts from correspondence from the various states. Together with a digest of American sanitary law by Henry G. Pickering.

Boston, MA: Little, Brown, 1877.

Digital facsimile from the Internet Archive at this link.



Subjects: Hygiene, LAW and Medicine & the Life Sciences, PUBLIC HEALTH
  • 9481

A biographical sketch of an infant.

Mind, 2, 285-294, 1877.

The first significant paper on child psychology, written from Darwin's personal notes of his observations of the development of his first born son, William Erasmus. The text is available from Darwin Online at this link.



Subjects: PSYCHOLOGY › Child
  • 9532

The mortality of surgical operations in the upper lake states, compared with that of other regions.

Chicago, IL: Hazlitt & Reed Printers, 1877.

Digital facsimile from the Hathi Trust at this link.



Subjects: SURGERY: General , Statistics, Biomedical
  • 9640

Bibliographie analytique des principaux phénomènes subjectifs de la vision, depuis les temps anciens jusqu'a la fin du XVIIIe siècle, suivie d'une bibliographie simple pour la partie écoulée du siècle actuel.

Memoires de l'Academie royale des sciences, des lettres et des beaux-arts de Belgique, 42, Brussels: F. Hayez, 18771882.

Première section: Persistance des impressions sur la rétine.

Deuxième section: couleurs accidentelles ordinaires du succession.

Troisième section: images qui succèdent à la contemplation d'objets brillants.

Quatrième section: irradiation (1878).

Cinquième section: phénomènes ordinaires de contrast.

Sixième section: ombres coloreés, avec supplement.

Deuxième supplement à la bibliographie analytique pour 1878-1879, Ibid, Tome XLIII.

Troisième supplement pour 1880-1881-1882, Ibid, Tome XLV.



Subjects: BIBLIOGRAPHY › Bibliographies of Specific Subjects, OPHTHALMOLOGY › History of Ophthalmology, OPHTHALMOLOGY › Physiology of Vision, PSYCHOLOGY › Experimental, PSYCHOLOGY › History of Psychology
  • 10722

Leprosy in India. A report.

Office of the Superintendent of Government Printing, Calcutta, 1877.

 The first quantitative study of leprosy in India. Leprosy first appeared in India at least 2,000 years ago and continued to exist throughout the subcontinent over the succeeding centuries. Upon the establishment of the Indian Raj in 1858, the colonial authorities began to assume a more professional and scientific attitude towards public health. The severity and geographic distribution of leprosy in India was unknown until it was surveyed in the British Indian Census of 1872, the statistics of which prominently feature in this report. Includes two chromolithographed disease maps. Digital facsimile from the Internet Archive at this link.



Subjects: COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › India, INFECTIOUS DISEASE › Leprosy
  • 10787

Filiaria sanguinis hominis - mature form.

Indian med. Gaz., 12 (9), 248-249, 1877.

Lewis made the critical connection/association of the worm, Filaria sanguinis,(Wuchereria bancrofti ) to Elephantiasis. This brief account appears to be a third person account summarizing Lewis's work written by an editor of the Indian Medical Gazette. Digital facsimile from PubMedCentral at this link.

Lewis published a formal paper in Lancet: "Filaria sanguinis hominis (mature form), found in a blood clot in Naevoid Elephantiasis of the scrotum," Lancet, II (1877) 453-455.

(Thanks for Juan Weiss for these references.)

 



Subjects: COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › India, INFECTIOUS DISEASE › DISEASES DUE TO METAZOAN PARASITES, INFECTIOUS DISEASE › VECTOR-BORNE DISEASES › Mosquito-Borne Diseases › Lymphatic Filariasis (Elephantiasis), PARASITOLOGY › Helminths › Parasitic Worms › Filaria
  • 11096

Art anatomy.

Boston, MA: Little, Brown, 1877.

Perhaps the first great American anatomy for artists by an American painter and sculptor. Rimmer not only drew the 900 drawings on the 81 heliotype plates, but he also wrote in the explanatory text on the sheets along with the drawings. The first edition is an oblong folio. According to the slightly reduced format second edition of 1884 much of the first edition was destroyed in a fire in 1879.



Subjects: ANATOMY › Anatomy for Artists, ART & Medicine & Biology
  • 11147

Catalogue des pièces du Musée Dupuytren, publié sous les auspices de la Faculté de Médecine de Paris. 5 vols. text plus 4 vols. atlas.

Paris: Masson, 18771879.

Detailed catalogue, illustrated by photography, of the Musée Dupuytren, a museum of gross pathology. When this catalogue was published the museum contained about 6000 items.



Subjects: IMAGING › Photography / Photomicrography , MUSEUMS › Medical, Anatomical & Pathological , PATHOLOGY
  • 11886

Catalogue or guide to the Liverpool Museum of Anatomy, 29, Paradise Street. This superb collection with all the latest additions, comprising upwards of 1000 models and diagrams, procured at the anatomical galleries of Paris, Florence, and Munich. Now forms the largest collection of anatomical preparations in England, with one exception only, namely of the Royal College of Surgeons’ Museum....

Liverpool: Liverpool Museum of Anatomy, circa 1877.

The dating and contents of this pamphlet are discussed in Hoolihan, An annotated catalogue of the Edward C. Atwater Collection of American popular medicine & health reform S-741.1.



Subjects: MUSEUMS › Medical, Anatomical & Pathological
  • 11912

The question of rest for women during menstruation.The Boylston Prize Essay of Harvard University for 1876.

New York: G. P. Putnam’s Sons, 1877.

"Jacobi's paper was a response to Dr. Edward H. Clarke's earlier publication, Sex in Education; or, A Fair Chance for the Girls (1875), a book claiming that any physical or mental exertion during menstruation could lead to women becoming infertile.[4] Jacobi did not believe this was the case, and to test the idea she collected extensive physiological data on women throughout their menstrual cycle, including muscle strength tests before and after menstruation. She concluded that "there is nothing in the nature of mentruation to imply the necessity, or even desirability, of rest." (Wikipedia article on Mary Putnam Jacobi, accessed 3-2020). 

Digital facsimile from the Internet Archive at this link.



Subjects: OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › GYNECOLOGY › Menstruation, WOMEN, Publications by › Years 1800 - 1899
  • 12318

Catalogue of physicians and surgeons who have presented their diplomas and other credentials to the Board of Examiners of the Medical Society of the State of California and received therefrom a license to practice medicine and surgery in said state, in obedience to an "Act to regulate the practice of medicine in the State of California, approved April 3, 1876. Compiled by W. A. Grover.

San Francisco, CA: A. L. Bancroft, Printers, 1877.

Digital facsimile from the Hathi Trust at this link. At the same link the Hathi Trust offers facsimiles of the same directory published from 1899 to 1921.



Subjects: BIOGRAPHY (Reference Works), U.S.: CONTENT OF PUBLICATIONS BY STATE › California
  • 12324

Seeking the golden fleece: A record of pioneer life in California, to which is annexed footprints of early navigators, other than Spanish, in California, with an account of the voyage of the schooner Dolphin.

San Francisco, CA: A. Roman & Co., 1877.

Digital facsimile from the Hathi Trust at this link.



Subjects: U.S.: CONTENT OF PUBLICATIONS BY STATE › California, VOYAGES & Travels by Physicians, Surgeons & Scientists
  • 12504

Igiene dell' amore

Milan: Libreria Brigola, 1877.

Digital facsimile of the Milan, 1891 edition from the Internet Archive at this link.



Subjects: SEXUALITY / Sexology
  • 12920

Traité des anomalies du système dentaire chez l'homme et les mammifères. Avec un atlas de 20 planches dessinées et gravées par C. Nicolet.

Paris: G. Masson, 1877.

Digital facsimile from Biodiversity Heritage Library at this link.



Subjects: DENTISTRY › Comparative Anatomy of the Mouth, Teeth & Jaws, DENTISTRY › Orthodontics
  • 12940

Biographical memoirs of the National Academy of Sciences. Personal and scholarly views of America's most distinguished scientists.

Washington, DC: National Academy of Sciences, 18772021.
http://www.nasonline.org/publications/biographical-memoirs/

"Published since 1877, Biographical Memoirs provide the life histories and selected bibliographies of deceased National Academy of Sciences members. Colleagues familiar with the subject's work write these memoirs and as such, the series provides a biographical history of science in America.

"The Online Collection includes more than 1,600 memoirs, including those of famed naturalist Louis AgassizJoseph Henry, the first secretary of the Smithsonian Institution; Thomas EdisonAlexander Graham Bell; noted anthropologist Margaret Mead; and psychologist and philosopher John Dewey."



Subjects: BIOGRAPHY (Reference Works), DIGITAL RESOURCES
  • 12948

Les oiseaux de la Chine. Avec un atlas de 124 planches, dessinées et lithographiées par M. Arnoul et coloriées au pinceau. 2 vols.

Paris: G. Masson, 1877.

Digital facsimile from Google Books at this link.



Subjects: COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › China, People's Republic of, ZOOLOGY › Ornithology
  • 13110

The cottage hospital: Its origin, progress, management and work. With an alphabetical list of every cottage hospital at present opened, and a chapter on hospitalism in cottage hospital practice.

London: J. & A. Churchill, 1877.

Digital facsimile of the first edition from Google Books at this link.

Much expanded second edition: Cottage hospitals general, fever, and convalescent : their progress, management, and work with an alphabetical list of every cottage hospital at present opened; and chapters on mortuaries, the relative mortality of large and small hospitals, and cottage hospitals in America. London: J. & A. Churchill, 1880. Digital facsimile from Google Books at this link.

Third edition, somewhat condensed, "with an alphabetical list of every cottage hospital at present opened." London: The Scientific Press, 1896. Digital facsimile from Google Books at this link.



Subjects: HOSPITALS
  • 944

La pression barométrique. Recherches de physiologie expérimentale.

Paris: G. Masson, 1878.

The most famous work in the history of altitude physiology, in which Bert proved that the principal symptoms of altitude sickness arise from reduced partial pressure of oxygen and not from diminution of total pressure. Bert introduced oxygen apparatus to avert the dangerous consequences of ascent to high altitudes, and was the first to study the conditions of high-altitude ascents in a pressure chamber. He also explained the etiology and mechanism of caisson disease. English translation, 1943. See No. 12192.



Subjects: Altitude or Undersea Physiology & Medicine, RESPIRATION › Respiratory Physiology
  • 4559

Neuropathologische Beobachtungen.

Dtsch. Arch. klin. Med., 22, 362-93, 1878.

Bernhardt drew attention to meralgia paraesthetica in the leg (“Bernhardt’s disease”) due to disease of the external cutaneous nerve of the thigh.



Subjects: NEUROLOGY › Diseases of the Nervous System
  • 633

Ueber Wärme und Oxydation der lebendigen Materie.

Pflüg. Arch. ges. Physiol., 18, 247-380., 1878.


Subjects: BIOCHEMISTRY › Metabolism
  • 1012.1

Ueber die Pepsinbildung in den Pylorusdrusen.

Pflüg. Arch. ges. Physiol., 18, 169-71, 1878.

Heidenhain pouch.



Subjects: ANATOMY › 19th Century, GASTROENTEROLOGY › Anatomy & Physiology of Digestion
  • 879

Recherches sur l’évolution des hématies dans le sang de l’homme et des vertébrés.

Arch. Physiol. norm. path., 5, 692-734, 1878.

First accurate counts of the blood platelets.



Subjects: HEMATOLOGY
  • 700

La fermentation alcoolique.

Rev. sci. (Paris), 16, 49-56., 1878.

Bernard disbelieved Pasteur’s definition of a ferment as “a living form originating from a germ”.



Subjects: BIOCHEMISTRY, Zymology (Zymurgy) (Fermentation)
  • 700.1

Erfahrungen und Bemerkungen über Enzyme und Fermente.

Untersuch. physiol. Inst. Univ. Heidelberg, 1, 291-324., 1878.

Kühne introduced the term “enzyme”.



Subjects: BIOCHEMISTRY, Zymology (Zymurgy) (Fermentation)
  • 1120

Ueber secretorische und trophische Drüsennerven.

Pflüg. Arch.ges. Physiol., 17, 1-67, 1878.

Investigation of the secretory and trophic nerves of glands. Heidenhain considered all secretory phenomena to be intracellular, rather than mechanical, processes.



Subjects: Ductless Glands: Internal Secretion
  • 499

The embryology of Clepsine.

Quart. J. micr. Sci.,18, 215-315., 1878.

The study of cell-lineage was initiated by Whitman’s paper on Clepsine.



Subjects: BIOLOGY › Cell Biology, EMBRYOLOGY
  • 1412

On the comparative structure of the cortex cerebri.

Brain, 1, 79-96., 1878.

Lewis described the giant cells of the precentral convolution.



Subjects: NEUROSCIENCE › NERVOUS SYSTEM › Brain, including Medulla: Cerebrospinal Fluid
  • 2034

Bibliotheca therapeutica, or bibliography of therapeutics, chiefly in reference to articles of the materia medica, with numerous critical, historical, and therapeutical annotations, and an appendix containing the bibliography of British mineral waters. 2 vols.

London: New Sydenham Society, 18781879.

References to over 10,000 items, ‘arranged under 660 separate headings or articles,’ some with comments by the compiler. Digital facsimile from the Hathi Trust at this link.



Subjects: BIBLIOGRAPHY › Bibliographies of Specific Subjects, PHARMACOLOGY, PHARMACOLOGY › PHARMACEUTICALS › Materia medica / Herbals / Herbal Medicines, THERAPEUTICS › History of Therapeutics
  • 1276

Leçons sur l’histologie du système nerveux. 2 vols.

Paris: F. Savy, 1878.

Includes his description of the “nodes of Ranvier”, interruptions of the medullary nerve sheaths.



Subjects: ANATOMY › Microscopic Anatomy (Histology), NEUROSCIENCE › NERVOUS SYSTEM › Peripheral Nerves / Nerve Impulses
  • 1519

Ueber den Sehpurpur.

Untersuch. physiol. Inst. Univ. Heidelberg, 1, 15-103., 1878.

Kühne was Professor of Physiology at Amsterdam and Heidelberg. Among his best work is his investigation of visual purple (rhodopsin) which he was first to extract from the retina. Several other papers by him on the same subject appear in the above volume.



Subjects: OPHTHALMOLOGY › Physiology of Vision
  • 2492

Les bactéries.

Paris: F. Savy, 1878.

Translated into English by George M. Sternberg as The bacteria (Boston, 1880). Sternberg illustrated the American edition with 5 heliotype reproductions of his own photomicrographs.



Subjects: BACTERIOLOGY
  • 2392

Das Contagium der Syphilis. Eine experimentelle Studie.

Arch. exp. Path Pharmea., 10, 161-221., 18781879.

Klebs inoculated syphilis into apes and probably saw the spirochete before Schaudinn and Hoffmann.



Subjects: INFECTIOUS DISEASE › SEXUALLY TRANSMITTED DISEASES › Syphilis
  • 2536

Untersuchungen über die Aetiologie der Wundinfectionskrankheiten.

Leipzig: F. C. W. Vogel, 1878.

Koch’s epochal work on the etiology of traumatic infectious disease established his reputation. He inoculated animals with material from various sources and produced six types of infection, each due to microorganisms. He carried these infections through several generations of animals. These experiments determined the role of bacteria in the etiology of wound infections and demonstrated for the first time the specificity of infection. This work also contains the first explicit statement of the criteria implicit in Henle (See No. 2533) on contagion, which later became known as Koch’s postulates. See also Nos. 2331 and 5167. English translation, New Sydenham Society, 1880.



Subjects: IMMUNOLOGY › Immunization, INFECTIOUS DISEASE, INFECTIOUS DISEASE › GENERAL PRINCIPLES of Infection by Microorganisms, SURGERY: General › Wound Healing
  • 203.3

Finska kranier: Jämte några natur- och literatur-studier, inom andra områden af finsk antropologi.

Stockholm: Central-Tryckeriet, 1878.


Subjects: ANTHROPOLOGY › Craniology, COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › Finland
  • 3125.3

Die progressive perniziöse Anämie.

Leipzig: Veit & Co., 1878.

Comprehensive account.



Subjects: HEMATOLOGY › Anemia & Chlorosis
  • 3285.1

The throat and its diseases, including associated affections of the nose and ear.

London: Baillière, Tindall & Cox, 1878.


Subjects: OTORHINOLARYNGOLOGY (Ear, Nose, Throat)
  • 3594

The radical cure of hernia by the antiseptic use of the carbolized catgut ligature.

Trans. Amer. med. Ass., 29, 295-305., 1878.

Marcy introduced antiseptic ligatures in the radical cure of hernia. See also No. 3601.



Subjects: SURGERY: General › Antisepsis / Asepsis, SURGERY: General › Hernia
  • 3719

Three cases of scurvy supervening on rickets in young children.

Lancet, 2, 685-87, 1878.

Infantile scurvy was confused with rickets until Cheadle differentiated between the two conditions.

 



Subjects: NUTRITION / DIET › Deficiency Diseases › Rickets, NUTRITION / DIET › Deficiency Diseases › Scurvy, PEDIATRICS
  • 3625

Remarks on cholecystotomy in dropsy of the gall-bladder.

Brit. med. J., 1, 811-15, 1878.

Sims’ operation of cholecystotomy.



Subjects: HEPATOLOGY › Diseases of the Liver
  • 3768

Specimens illustrative of the pathology of lymphadenoma and leucocythemia

Trans. path. Soc. Lond., , 29, 272-304, 1878.

Greenfield also drew attention to the giant cells in lymphadenoma, which later became known as “Dorothy Reed’s giant cells” (see No. 3780).



Subjects: ONCOLOGY & CANCER, Spleen: Lymphatics
  • 2781

Ein Fall von thrombotischen Verschlusse einer der Kranzarterien des Herzens.

Wien. med. Wschr. 28, 97-102, 1878.

First description of coronary thrombosis with diagnosis before death. English translation of original report, Amer. J. Cardiol, 1978, 42, 849-52.



Subjects: CARDIOLOGY › CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE › Thrombosis / Embolism
  • 3825

On myxoedema.

Med.-chir. Trans., 61, 57-78., 1878.

Ord coined the term “myxedema” for the condition noted earlier by Curling and Gull.



Subjects: ENDOCRINOLOGY › Thyroid
  • 3826

Exstirpation einer Struma retrooesophagea.

KorrespBl. Schweiz. Aerzte, 8, 702-05., 1878.

Kocher, a pupil of Billroth, was a pioneer of thyroidectomy for goitre. Before his time the operation was seldom performed. Garrison says that he performed this difficult operation 2,000 times, with a mortality rate of only 4.5 per cent. Kocher received the Nobel Prize in 1909.



Subjects: ENDOCRINOLOGY › Thyroid
  • 3387

Lehrbuch der Ohrenheilkunde. 2 pts.

Stuttgart: Ferdinand Enke, 18781882.

Politzer was one of the greatest of all otologists. He was the first Professor of Otology in Vienna and his textbook was for many years the standard authority on the subject. English translation, 1883.



Subjects: OTOLOGY
  • 3387.2

Ueber eine neue Methode der Hörprüfung mit Hülfe elektrischer Ströme.

Arch. Anat. Physiol., Physiol. Abt., 155-57, 1878.

First audiometer.



Subjects: INSTRUMENTS & TECHNOLOGIES, OTOLOGY › Audiology
  • 4292

Lithotrity by a single operation.

Amer. J. med. Sci., 75, 117-34., 1878.

Introduction of litholapaxy at one sitting.



Subjects: UROLOGY › Urinary Calculi
  • 4074

Summer prurigo, prurigo aestivalis, seu prurigo adolescentium, seu acne-prurigo.

Med. Times Gaz., 1, 161-63, 1878.

Hutchinson’s summer prurigo.



Subjects: DERMATOLOGY › Specific Dermatoses
  • 4075.1

On the treatment of psoriasis by an ointment of chrysophanic acid.

London: J. & A. Churchill, 1878.

Introduction of chrysarobin in dermatology.



Subjects: DERMATOLOGY › Specific Dermatoses › Psoriasis, GENETICS / HEREDITY › HEREDITARY / CONGENITAL DISEASES OR DISORDERS › Congenital Skin Disorders › Psoriasis, PHARMACOLOGY › PHARMACEUTICALS
  • 3469

Volvulus flexurae sigmoideae coli – Laparo-colotomia – Helsa.

Upsala LäkFören. Förh., 14, 513-27, 18781879.

First recorded operation for volvulus.



Subjects: GASTROENTEROLOGY › Esophagus: Stomach: Duodenum: Intestines, SURGERY: General › Upper Gastrointestinal Surgery
  • 3470

Ueber den Mastdarmkrebs und die Extirparlo recti.

Samml. klin. Vortr., Nr. 131 (Chir., Nr. 42), 1113-28, 1878.

First excision of the rectum for cancer.



Subjects: Colon & Rectal Diseases & Surgery
  • 4345

Die spontane Subluxation der Hand nach vorne.

Verh. dtsch. Ges. Chir., 7, pt. 2, 259-76, 1878.

“Madelung’s deformity” of the wrist. Madelung regarded the condition as a defect of growth of the wrist joint.



Subjects: ORTHOPEDICS › Diseases of or Injuries to Bones, Joints & Skeleton
  • 5511

Neue Beobachtungen auf dem Gebiete der Mykosen des Menschen.

Virchows Arch. path. Anat, 74, 15-53., 1878.

Israel contributed an important early paper on the ray fungus Actinomyces. He included some drawings made by Langenbeck in 1845 and was the first to describe a human case of actinomycosis.



Subjects: BACTERIOLOGY › BACTERIA (mostly pathogenic; sometimes indexed only to genus) › Gram-Negative Bacteria › Actinomyces, INFECTIOUS DISEASE › Actinomycosis, Mycology, Medical
  • 5346

Cases of filarious disease.

Trans. path. Soc. Lond., 29, 406-19, 1878.

Discovery (1876) of Wuchereria bancrofti. Bancroft’s first report on this was in the form of a letter to T. S. Cobbold, who published it in Lancet, 1877, 2, 70-71.



Subjects: INFECTIOUS DISEASE › DISEASES DUE TO METAZOAN PARASITES, PARASITOLOGY › Helminths › Parasitic Worms › Filaria
  • 5916.1

Ueber Keratoplastik.

Graefe’s Arch. Ophthal., 24, 4 Abt., 1-46, 321-24, 1878.

Sellerbeck was first to use human donor corneas for transplants. He was not very successful, probably because the antiseptics employed were too strong.



Subjects: OPHTHALMOLOGY › Ocular Surgery & Procedures › Corneal Transplant, TRANSPLANTATION
  • 5357

Intornoall’Anchilostoma duodenale (Dubini).

Gazz. med. ital. lomb., 7 ser., 5, 193-96, 1878.

Fecal diagnosis of hookworm disease. Before this time hookworm had been diagnosed only post mortem. With C. Parona and E. Parona. English translation in Kean (No. 2268.1).



Subjects: INFECTIOUS DISEASE › DISEASES DUE TO METAZOAN PARASITES › Hookworm Disease, PARASITOLOGY › Helminths › Hookworms
  • 6070

Eine neue Methode der Exstirpation des ganzen Uterus.

Samlung klinischer Vorträge No. 133, Gynäkologie, 41, 911-924, Breitkopf & Härtel, 1878.

Freund performed the first successful abdominal hysterectomy for cancer. Although removal of the uterus by the abdominal route had been carried out earlier, to Freund belongs the credit for the invention of the operation, in which he utilized Lister’s antiseptic method. His first paper describing the operation was published on 3 April 1878.

Freund published two shorter accounts of the procedure later in 1878:

"Zu meiner Methode der totalen Uterus-Exstirpation," Zbl. Gynäk., 2/12, 265-69. Leipzig: Breitkopf & Härtel, 1878. This appeared on 8 June.

"Eine neue Methode der Exstirpation des ganzen Uterus," Berl. klin. Wschr., 15/28, 417-18. Berlin: August Hirschwald, 1878. This appeared on 15 July.



Subjects: OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › GYNECOLOGY › Hysterectomy, ONCOLOGY & CANCER, SURGERY: General › Surgical Oncology
  • 6193

Traité du palper abdominal au point de vue obstétrical.

Paris: H. Lauwereyns, 1878.

Pinard, professor of obstetrics in Paris, showed the importance of abdominal palpation as an aid to obstetrical diagnosis. English translation, 1885.



Subjects: OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › OBSTETRICS, PHYSICAL DIAGNOSIS › Palpation
  • 6715.1

The physicians and surgeons of the United States.

Philadelphia: Charles Robson, 1878.

The second edition was entitled, A biographical dictionary of contemporary American physicians and surgeons. Philadelphia, D. G. Brinton, 1880.  Digital facsimile from the Hathi Trust at this link.



Subjects: BIOGRAPHY (Reference Works)
  • 228.1

Ueber die Vortheile der Mimicry bei Schmetterlingen.

Zool. Anz. 1, 54-5., 1878.

Bates’s theory of mimicry did not account for the superficial resemblances between two or more unpalatable species. Müller explained such mimicry, known today as “Müllerian mimicry”. A predator must learn which potential prey are palatable. The coloration of an unpalatable species serves as warning colouration to predators. When warning colouration is shared by two or more unpalatable species, the warning colours are recognized more quickly by the predator and the number of individuals destroyed in each species is reduced while the predator learns. Müller's account contained one of the earliest uses of a mathematical argument in evolutionary ecology to show how powerful the effect of natural selection would be:

"Instead of a general deduction, which is by the way extremely simple, I give an example. There may in a certain area live two unpalatable species; 10,000 individuals of the first species, and 2000 of the second. The predators living in the same area may eat per year 1200 individuals of each [distinct] unpalatable species per year until they avoid it as such. Each species would lose this many if they appeared different; but if they are very similar so that experience with one species benefits the other, then the first species will lose 1000 and the second 200 individuals. The first species therefore will gain because of its similarity 200 individuals, or 2 % of the total number, the second will however gain 1000 individuals, which is 50% of the total number - from this consideration it follows further that probably in some cases (for example Thyridia and Ituna) the question which one of both species is the original and which one is the copy is an irrelevant question; each had an advantage from becoming similar to the other; they could have converged on each other" (http://www.ucl.ac.uk/taxome/jim/Mim/muller1878.html, accessed 03-2018).



Subjects: BIOLOGY, COMPUTING/MATHEMATICS in Medicine & Biology, EVOLUTION
  • 5270.1

The microscopic organisms found in the blood of man and animals, and their relation to disease.

Ann. rep. sanit. Comm. India (1877), 14, Appendix B, 157-208, 1878.

First description of a trypanosome (T. lewisi) in a mammal. Seoarate edition in book form with the same title: Calcutta: Office of the Superintendent of Government Printing, 1879.



Subjects: COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › India, INFECTIOUS DISEASE › VECTOR-BORNE DISEASES › Triatomine Bug-Borne Diseases › Chagas Disease (American Trypanosomiasis) , PARASITOLOGY › Trypanosoma
  • 268.1

On a large-angled immersion objective, without adjustment collar; with some observations on “numerical aperture”.

J. roy. micr. Soc., 1, 51-6., 1878.

Stephenson suggested the oil immersion lens system to Abbe, who developed it.



Subjects: Microscopy
  • 7294

La méthode graphique dans les sciences expérimentales et particulièrement en physiologie et en médecine.

Paris: G. Masson, 1878.

Marey pioneered the use of graphical recording in the experimental sciences, using instruments (many of his own invention) to capture and display data impossible to observe with the senses alone, and to record the progression of such data over time. He began by applying graphical recording methods to problems in physiology, using machines to investigate the mechanics of the circulatory, respiratory and muscular systems. After 1868 he turned to the study of human and animal locomotion. In the second edition (1885) Marey added a 51-page supplement, Développment de la mêthode graphique par l'emploi de la photographie. Digital facsimile of the 1878 from Google Books at this link; digital facsimile of the 1885 edition from the Internet Archive at this link.

For the second issue the title was changed to La méthode graphique dans les sciences expérimentales et principalement en physiologie et en médecine.



Subjects: DEMOGRAPHY / Population: Medical Statistics › Graphic Display of, GRAPHIC DISPLAY of Medical & Scientific Information, IMAGING › Photography / Photomicrography , INSTRUMENTS & TECHNOLOGIES › Medical Instruments, PHYSIOLOGY
  • 7515

Les produits de la nature japonaise et chinoise: comprenant la dénomination, l'histoire et les applications aux arts, à l'industrie, à l'économie, à la médecine, etc. des substances qui dérivent des trois règnes de la nature et qui sont employées par les Japonais et les Chinois / Partie inorganique et minéralogique, contenant la description des minéraux et des substances qui dérivent du règne minéral.

Yokohama, Japan: C. Lévy, 18781883.

Digital facsimile from Google Books at this link.



Subjects: COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › Japan, Chinese Medicine , Japanese Medicine, PHARMACOLOGY › PHARMACEUTICALS
  • 7706

Etude historique et clinique sur la trépanation du crâne; la trépanation guidée par les localisations cérébrales.

Paris: A. Delahaye, 1878.

Lucas-Chamionnière asserted that the operation was performed by ancient surgeons for both magical and therepeutic reasons, and noted that ancient surgeons prevented lethal hemorrhage from the sagittal sinus by avoiding the sagittal suture.



Subjects: NEUROSURGERY, PATHOLOGY › Paleopathology
  • 7745

The life and education of Laura Dewey Bridgman, the deaf, dumb, and blind girl.

Boston, MA: Houghton Mifflin, 1878.

Biography of Laura Bridgman (1829-89, the first deaf-blind person ever to read, write, and converse in the finger alphabet. The book includes a signed holograph facsimile of Bridgman's widely circulated religious poem, "Holy Home." Bridgman transcribed it by folding paper over a tablet with grooved lines that contained letters of the alphabet— a method of lettering commonly used by the blind in this period. Bridgman also used this method for her signature, which appears in facsimile on the upper cover of the original cloth binding. Bridgman was a prize student of Samuel Gridley Howe (1801-76) director of the Perkins School for the Blind, at which Lamson was a teacher. The book consists mainly of extracts from Lamson's diary and the diaries of other teachers at Perkins. Digital facsimile from the Internet Archive at this link.



Subjects: BIOGRAPHY (Reference Works) › Biographies of Individuals, OPHTHALMOLOGY › Blind Education, OTOLOGY › Deaf-Mute Education
  • 8966

Alexander von Tralles. Original-Text und Übersetzung nebst einer einleitenden Abhandlung. Ein Beitrag zur Geschichte der Medicin. 2 vols.

Vienna: Wilhelm Braumüller, 18781879.

Digital facsimile from the Internet Archive at this link.



Subjects: ANCIENT MEDICINE › Late Antiquity, BYZANTINE MEDICINE, PARASITOLOGY
  • 9174

Tropical nature and other essays.

London: Macmillan, 1878.

"Wallace's extensive work in biogeography made him aware of the impact of human activities on the natural world. In Tropical Nature and Other Essays (1878), he warned about the dangers of deforestation and soil erosion, especially in tropical climates prone to heavy rainfall. Noting the complex interactions between vegetation and climate, he warned that the extensive clearing of rainforest for coffee cultivation in Ceylon (Sri Lanka) and India would adversely impact the climate in those countries and lead to their eventual impoverishment due to soil erosion.[127] In Island Life, Wallace again mentioned deforestation and also the impact of invasive species. On the impact of European colonisation on the island of Saint Helena, he wrote:

... yet the general aspect of the island is now so barren and forbidding that some persons find it difficult to believe that it was once all green and fertile. The cause of this change is, however, very easily explained. The rich soil formed by decomposed volcanic rock and vegetable deposits could only be retained on the steep slopes so long as it was protected by the vegetation to which it in great part owed its origin. When this was destroyed, the heavy tropical rains soon washed away the soil, and has left a vast expanse of bare rock or sterile clay. This irreparable destruction was caused, in the first place, by goats, which were introduced by the Portuguese in 1513, and increased so rapidly that in 1588 they existed in the thousands. These animals are the greatest of all foes to trees, because they eat off the young seedlings, and thus prevent the natural restoration of the forest. They were, however, aided by the reckless waste of man. The East India Company took possession of the island in 1651, and about the year 1700 it began to be seen that the forests were fast diminishing, and required some protection. Two of the native trees, redwood and ebony, were good for tanning, and, to save trouble, the bark was wastefully stripped from the trunks only, the remainder being left to rot; while in 1709 a large quantity of the rapidly disappearing ebony was used to burn lime for building fortifications![128]" (Wikipedia article on Alfred Russel Wallace, accessed 02-2017).

Digital facsimile from the Internet Archive at this link.

 



Subjects: BIOLOGY › Ecology / Environment, Biogeography, Biogeography › Phytogeography, Biogeography › Zoogeography, EVOLUTION
  • 9497

The poisonous snakes of India: For the use of the officials and others residing in the Indian Empire.

London: J. & A. Churchill, 1878.

Digital facsimile from the Biodiversity Heritage Library at this link.



Subjects: COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › India, TOXICOLOGY › Venoms, ZOOLOGY › Herpetology
  • 10721

Elephants and their treatment in health and disease.

Moulmein (Mawlamyine, Myanmar): For the Author, 1878.

Expanded from a "small" edition issued in 1873 at the request of the Conservator of Forests, British Burma to "answer the purpose of a guide for the management of those animals, in a more direct and complete form; and also to gather, from the records available, the cause of the high rate of mortality among the Government elephants in Burma" (Preface).



Subjects: COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › Myanmar, VETERINARY MEDICINE, ZOOLOGY › Mammalogy
  • 11078

De l'influence des découvertes de M. Pasteur sur les progrès de la chirurgie.

Comptes rendus de l'Académie des Sciences, 86, 634-640, 1878.

Sedillot, a surgeon, first used the word "microbe" on p. 634, third paragraph, of this paper. He coined the term after consulting with lexicographer Émile Littré, to ascertain etymological appropriateness. Shortly thereafter Pasteur used the term in a paper with Chamberland and Joubert in the same journal (pp. 1037-1043).

Digital facsimile from BnF.gallica at this link.

(Thanks to Juan Weiss for this reference and its interpretation.)



Subjects: MICROBIOLOGY
  • 11427

Catalogue des livres composant la bibliothèque scientifique de Claude Bernard.

Paris: J.-B. Baillière et fils, 1878.

Auction catalogue of Bernard's library conducted by Bernard's publisher and bookseller, J.-B Baillière et Fils.  The sale, conducted over 4 days, included 1077 lots. Most were books published during Bernard's lifetime. Bernard did own a few antiquarian anatomical works, including a Vesalius Epitome (1543) but no Fabrica. Digital facsimile from picus.unica.it at this link.



Subjects: BIBLIOGRAPHY › Catalogues of Physicians' / Scientists' Libraries
  • 11536

A manual of nursing prepared for the Training School for Nurses attached to Bellevue Hospital. [Compiled and edited by Dr. Victoria White.]

New York: G. P. Putnam’s Sons, 1878.

The Training School for Nurses attached to Bellevue Hospital opened in 1873, the first school in United States run according to Florence Nightingale's nursing principles. Among other things, these principles called for strict rules of hygiene and cleanliness, as well as having a staff of trained nurses supervised by a woman who would be in charge of nursing services in the hospital. This was the first formal nursing textbook issued by a U.S. nursing school. The compiler appears to have been a female physician rather than a nurse. Digital facsimile from Google Books at this link.



Subjects: NURSING, U.S.: CONTENT OF PUBLICATIONS BY STATE › New York
  • 11538

A hand-book of nursing for family and general use. Published under the direction of the Connecticut Training-School for Nurses, State Hospital, New Haven, Connecticut.

Philadelphia: J. B. Lippincott, 1878.

The Connecticut Training-School for Nurses opened in 1873, and the first edition of this manual was copyright 1878, the same year as the Bellevue manual. However, it is believed that the first copies of this work were issued in 1879. Digital facsimile of the 1890 printing of the first edition from Google Books at this link.



Subjects: NURSING, U.S.: CONTENT OF PUBLICATIONS BY STATE › Connecticut
  • 11696

The action of medicines.

Philadelphia: Lindsay & Blakiston, 1878.

Ott founded experimental pharmacology in America; his book was the first written by an American on the action of medicines.



Subjects: PHARMACOLOGY › Pharmacodynamics
  • 11788

American ornithological bibliography. 4 parts. (Also called "Ornithological bibliography").

Washington, DC: Government Printing Office, 18781880.

This is an exhaustive work up to time of publications, including scientific references to American birds in publications, the titles of which do not indicate any ornithological material.

[Pt. 1.] Geological and Geographical Survey of the Territories. Miscellaneous publications, no. 11, appendix, & has title: "Bibliographical appendix" [to his Birds of the Colorado Valley]. "List of faunal publications relating to North American ornithology."

[Pts. 2-3.] Geological and Geographical Survey of the Territories. Bulletin vol. 5, p. 230-330, 521-1066 & have title: "Second-[third] instalment of American ornithological bibliography."

[Pt. 4.] In Proceedings of the United States National Museum, vol. v, p. 359-477 & has title: "Fourth instalment of ornithological bibliography: being a list of faunal publications relating to British birds."

Digital facsimiles of all the parts are available from the Hathi Trust at this link.

 



Subjects: BIBLIOGRAPHY › Bibliographies of Natural History, BIBLIOGRAPHY › Bibliographies of Specific Subjects, ZOOLOGY › Ornithology
  • 12257

Weitere Beiträge zur Entstehungsgeschichte der Endocarditis.

Arch. exp. Path. Pharm., 9, 52-94, 1878.

Klebs "concluded that most cases of acute endocarditis were caused by 'monads' or by 'septic cocci' " (Bloomfield, Bibliography of internal medicine, selected diseases, 43-44). Klebs believed that all cases of endocarditis were bacterial in origin.



Subjects: CARDIOLOGY › CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE › Endocarditis
  • 12401

William Harvey: A history of the discovery of the circulation of the blood. By Robert Willis.

London: C. Kegan Paul & Co., 1878.

Digital facsimile from the Hathi Trust at this link.



Subjects: PHYSIOLOGY › History of Physiology
  • 122

Beiträge zur Kenntniss der Zelle und ihrer Lebenserscheinungen

Arch. mikr. Anat., 16, 302-436; 18, 151-259, 1879, 1880.

Classic account of cell division and karyokinesis. Flemming named the nuclear substance “chromatin” and gave the name “mitosis” to cell division. Translation of Part II in J. Cell Biol., 1965, 25, No. 1, pt. 2, 3-69. See also Flemming’s book on the subject, Zellsubstanz, Kern und Zellteilung, Leipzig, 1882.



Subjects: BIOLOGY › Cell Biology
  • 945

On the respiratory function of the internal intercostal muscles.

J. Physiol. (Lond.), 2, 24-27, 18791880.

The important work of Martin and Hartwell on the intercostal muscles settled the controversy regarding their function.



Subjects: RESPIRATION
  • 553

Technique de l’emploi du collodion humide pour la pratique des coupes microscopiques.

J. Anat. Physiol. (Paris), 15, 185-8., Paris, 1879.

Introduction of collodion for embedding.



Subjects: ANATOMY › Microscopic Anatomy (Histology)
  • 553.1

Beitrage zur Kenntniss der granulirten Bindegewebszellen und der eosinophilen Leukocyten.

Arch. Anat. Physiol., Physiol. Abt., 166-69., 1879.

Mast cells; see No. 548.1.



Subjects: BIOLOGY › Cell Biology
  • 824

On the time-relations of the excitatory process in the ventricle of the heart of the frog.

J. Physiol. (Lond.), 2, 384-435, 18791880.

These workers were among the first to study the action currents of the heart, and made the first records (with the capillary electrometer) of the minute electrical current produced by the beating of the heart. See also No. 831.



Subjects: CARDIOLOGY › CARDIOVASCULAR PHYSIOLOGY › Cardiac Electrophysiology, INSTRUMENTS & TECHNOLOGIES › Medical Instruments
  • 4560

Topische Diagnostik der Gehirnkrankheiten.

Berlin: A. Hirschwald, 1879.

On p. 220 is the description of unilateral oculomotor paralysis combined with cerebellar ataxia, “Nothnagel’s syndrome”.



Subjects: NEUROLOGY › Diseases of the Nervous System, OPHTHALMOLOGY › Neuro-ophthalmology
  • 4560.1

A case of partial epilepsy, apparently due to a lesion of one of the vasomotor centres of the brain.

Trans. clin. Soc. Lond., 12, 162-67, 1879.

“Sturge–Weber syndrome” – association of a port-wine nevus in the skin of the face with a vascular abnormality of the meninges on the same side. See No. 4605.2.



Subjects: DERMATOLOGY, NEUROLOGY › Epilepsy
  • 634

Leçons de physiologie opératoire.

Paris: J.-B. Baillière, 1879.

In this, his last work, Bernard showed himself “the unapproachable master in the technique of experimental procedure” (Garrison).



Subjects: PHYSIOLOGY
  • 4666

Ueber Poliomyelitis und Neuritis.

Z. klin. Med., 1, 387-434, 18791880.

Leyden enjoyed a great reputation as a neurologist and his paper on poliomyelitis and neuritis is one of his best works. He was one of the founders of the journal in which it appeared.



Subjects: INFECTIOUS DISEASE › Neuroinfectious Diseases › Poliomyelitis (Infantile Paralysis), NEUROLOGY › Inflammatory Conditions › Poliomyelitis
  • 878

An apparatus for the clinical estimation of haemoglobin.

Trans. clin. Soc. Lond., 12, 64-67, London, 1879.

Gowers introduced the colorimetric method of estimating hemoglobin and devised a hemoglobinometer for the purpose. This was modified by Haldane (see No. 891). Previously Hoppe-Seyler had used a hematinometer.



Subjects: HEMATOLOGY
  • 880

Methodologische Beiträge zur Physiologie und Pathologie der verschiedenen Formender Leukocyten.

Z. klin. Med., 1, 553-560, 18791880.

Foundation of the differential blood count technique.



Subjects: HEMATOLOGY
  • 443

Das Arabische un Hebräische in der Anatomie.

Vienna: W. Braumüller, 1879.

Hyrtl, professor of anatomy at Prague and Vienna, retired in 1874 and devoted his leisure to the writing of this and his Onomatologia anatomica. Garrison considered Hyrtl, along with Littré, among the greatest medical scholars.



Subjects: ANATOMY › History of Anatomy, ISLAMIC OR ARAB MEDICINE › History of Islamic or Arab Medicine, Jews and Medicine › History of Jews and Medicine
  • 4746

Ueber einen eigenthümlichen bulbären (?) Symptomenkomplex.

Arch. Psychiat. Nervenkr., 9, 172-73, 1879.

Myasthenia gravis (“Erb-Goldflam disease”; see also No. 4757). A further paper on the subject by Erb appears in the above volume, pp. 325-50.



Subjects: NEUROLOGY › Myopathies
  • 782.1

Sur la contractilité capillaires sanguins.

C. R. Acad. Sci. (Paris), 88, 916-18., 1879.

Rouget made an important investigation of the control of capillary circulation. He described cells (“Rouget’s cells”) on the outer surfaces of capillary walls, considered to be contractile. English translation in No. 1588.3.



Subjects: CARDIOLOGY › CARDIOVASCULAR PHYSIOLOGY, CARDIOLOGY › CARDIOVASCULAR PHYSIOLOGY › Anatomy of the Heart & Circulatory System
  • 2436.1

Über die Ätiologie des Aussatzes.

Jber. akad. nat. Vereins Breslau, 57, 65-72., Wroclaw (Vratislava, Breslau), 1879.

Neisser obtained leprosy tissue from Hansen and, using aniline dyes for staining Myco. leprae, was able to demonstrate it more convincingly than Hansen.



Subjects: INFECTIOUS DISEASE › Leprosy
  • 1766.6

The medical profession. Being the essay to which was awarded the first Carmichael Prize of £200 by the Council of the Royal College of Surgeons, Ireland, 1879.

Dublin: Fannin & Co & London: Longmans & Co, 1879.

A history of the organization of the medical profession with particular reference to Britain. Digital facsimile from the Hathi Trust at this link.



Subjects: Education, Biomedical, & Biomedical Profession
  • 2782

Recherches cliniques sur la communication congénitales des deux coeurs par inocclusion du septum intervenniculare.

Bull Acad. Méd. (Paris), 2 sér., 8, 1074-94,, 1189-91, 1879.

Roger drew attention to an important anomaly of the septum, interventricular patency (“maladie de Roger”), demonstrating the presence of a murmur in this condition. This is sometimes called “Roger’s murmur”, although it had been noted by earlier writers. Translated in Willius & Keys, Cardiac classics, 1941, pp. 624-38.



Subjects: CARDIOLOGY › CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE, CARDIOLOGY › Congenital Heart Defects, CARDIOLOGY › Tests for Heart & Circulatory Function › Auscultation and Physical Diagnosis
  • 2892

Nitro-glycerine as a remedy for angina pectoris.

Lancet 1, 80-81, 113-15, 151-52, 225-27, 1879.

Murrell introduced trinitrin (nitroglycerin, glyceryl trinitrate) in the treatment of angina.



Subjects: CARDIOLOGY › CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE › Coronary Artery Disease › Angina Pectoris, PHARMACOLOGY › PHARMACEUTICALS › Cardiovascular Medications
  • 24

Oeuvres, texte collationné sur les manuscrits, traduit pour la première fois en français avec une introduction. Publication commencée par Ch. Daremberg, continuée et terminée par Ch. Émile Ruelle.

Paris: J.-B. Baillière, 1879.

Greek–French edition containing all the extant works of Rufus, as well as fragments collected from a wide range of ancient and medieval sources. Digital facsimile fro the BnF at this link. The treatise On the interrogation of the patient was published as Corpus Medicorum Graecorum Supplement IV, Berlin, 1962, and Diseases of the Kidney and Bladder as CMG III, 1, Berlin, 1977. The 1977 edition is available online  from the CMG at this link.



Subjects: ANCIENT MEDICINE › Greece, Collected Works: Opera Omnia, NEPHROLOGY › Renal Disease
  • 2907

Ueber eine eigenthümliche Form von Endarteriitis und Endophlebitis mit Gangrän des Fusses.

Arch. klin. Chir., 23, 202-26, 1879.

Early description of thromboangiitis obliterans (Buerger’s disease, No. 2912).



Subjects: CARDIOLOGY › CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE › Arterial Disease
  • 4071

Warty growths.

St. George’s Hosp. Rep., (1877-1878), 9, 753-62, London, 1879.

Original description of angiokeratoma (“Mibelli’s disease” – so named from the latter’s description of it in 1891; see No. 4105).



Subjects: DERMATOLOGY › Specific Dermatoses
  • 4075

Lectures on clinical surgery. Pt. 2.

London: J. & A. Churchill, 1879.

On p. 298 is the first description of hydradenitis destruens suppurativa, later named “Pollitzer’s disease” from the latter’s important description of it in J. cutan. gen.-urin. Dis., 1892, 10, 9-24.



Subjects: DERMATOLOGY › Specific Dermatoses
  • 4076

A case of multiple tumors of the skin accompanied by intense pruritis.

Arch. Derm. (Philad.), 5, 385; 6, 129-32, Philadelphia, 18791880.

First description of prurigo nodularis. In 1909 J. N. Hyde (Diseases of the skin, Philadelphia, p. 174) was responsible for its present name and for the eponym “Hyde’s disease”.



Subjects: DERMATOLOGY › Specific Dermatoses
  • 4077

Notes on unusual or rare forms of skin disease. IV. Congenital ulceration of skin (two cases) with pemphigus eruption and arrest of development generally.

Lancet, 1, 766-67., London, 1879.

First description of epidermolysis bullosa.



Subjects: DERMATOLOGY › Specific Dermatoses
  • 4856

Tumour of the dura mater–convulsions–removal of tumour by trephining–recovery.

Glasg. med. J., 12, 210-13, Glasgow, 1879.


Subjects: NEUROSURGERY › Oncological
  • 3471

Klinik der Verdauungskrankheiten. 3 vols.

Berlin: A. Hirschwald, 18791902.

An important work on disorders of digestion. With Boas, Ewald devised the test breakfast and he utilized intubation for exploring the contents of the stomach. English translation of vols. 1-2, 1891-92.



Subjects: GASTROENTEROLOGY › Diseases of the Digestive System
  • 3472

De l’ablation des tumeurs de l’estomac par la gastrectomie.

Gaz. Hôp. (Paris), 52, 473-75, 1879.

First gastrectomy for carcinoma; unsuccessful.



Subjects: GASTROENTEROLOGY › Esophagus: Stomach: Duodenum: Intestines, ONCOLOGY & CANCER › Carcinoma, SURGERY: General › Upper Gastrointestinal Surgery
  • 3685.01

Die antiseptische Behandlung der Pulpakrankheiten des Zahnes. Mit Beiträgen sur Lehre von den Neubildungen in der Paulpa.

Berlin: Commissionsverlag von C. Ash & Sons, 1879.

Witzel used histological methods to analyze pulp diseases, and applied antiseptic principles to their treatment. Digital facsimile from the Internet Archive at this link.



Subjects: DENTISTRY › Dental Pathology, DENTISTRY › Endodontics
  • 4346

Sarcoma of the long bones; based upon a study of one hundred and sixty-five cases.

Amer. J. med. Sci., n.s. 78, 17-57, 338-77., 1879.

First comprehensive work on bone sarcoma.



Subjects: ONCOLOGY & CANCER › Sarcoma › Osteosarcoma, ORTHOPEDICS › Diseases of or Injuries to Bones, Joints & Skeleton
  • 4346.1

Ein Fall von sogenannter Myositis ossificans progressiver.

Aerztl. Intelligenz-Bl., 26, 485-89, 1879.

Helferich described the association of microdactyly with myositis ossificans progressiva.



Subjects: ORTHOPEDICS › Diseases of or Injuries to Bones, Joints & Skeleton, ORTHOPEDICS › Diseases of or Injuries to Bones, Joints & Skeleton › Congenital Diseases
  • 4175

Eine neue Beobachtungs- und Untersuchungsmethode für Harnröhre, Harnblase und Rectum.

Wien. med. Wschr., 29, 649-52, 688-90, 713-16, 776-82, 806-10, 1879.

Nitze devised an electrically lighted cystoscope in 1877, which made possible great improvements in the surgery of the bladder.



Subjects: INSTRUMENTS & TECHNOLOGIES, UROLOGY
  • 4940

Lehrbuch der Psychiatrie auf klinischer Grundlage.

Stuttgart: Ferdinand Enke, 1879.

English translation, Philadelphia, 1905.



Subjects: PSYCHIATRY
  • 4217

Die Bright’sche Nierenkrankung vom pathologisch-anatomischen Standpunkte.

Samml. klin. Vortr., Nr. 162-63 (Inn. Med., Nr. 55), 1411-60, 1879.

Classic study of the pathological anatomy of Bright’s disease.



Subjects: NEPHROLOGY › Renal Disease
  • 5481.2

Études sur la rage.

Ann. Méd. vét., 28, 627-39., 1879.

Galtier demonstrated the transmissibility of rabies from dog to rabbit to rabbit in a series, a matter of considerable interest to Pasteur.



Subjects: INFECTIOUS DISEASE › Animal Bite Wound Infections › Rabies, VETERINARY MEDICINE
  • 5315

Materialien zur Pathologie und Therapie des Rückfallstyphus.

Dtsch. Arch. klin. Med., 24, 80-97, 1879.

By inoculating healthy subjects with blood of patients suffering from replapsing fever, and producing the fever in the former, Mochutkovski demonstrated not only the communicability of the disease but also the specific pathogenic significance of the spirochaete.



Subjects: INFECTIOUS DISEASE › VECTOR-BORNE DISEASES › Lice-Borne Diseases › Relapsing Fever
  • 5527

Beitrag zur Frage des Pneumotyphus. (Eine Hausepidemie in Uster[Schweiz] betreffend.)

Dtsch. Arch. klin. Med., 25, 53-96, 1879.

First description of psittacosis in a human.



Subjects: COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › Switzerland, INFECTIOUS DISEASE › Psittacosis
  • 5917

On astigmatism as a cause for persistent headache and other nervous symptoms.

Med. News (Philad.), 27, 81-88, 1879.

Thomson was a pioneer in the study of refraction. He was much interested in color-blindness and modified Holmgren’s wool-skein test. Himself affected with hypermetropia, he made important investigations on this condition, and (above) on astigmatism as a cause of headache.



Subjects: GENETICS / HEREDITY › HEREDITARY / CONGENITAL DISEASES OR DISORDERS › Color-Blindness, NEUROLOGY › Chronic Pain › Headache, OPHTHALMOLOGY › Diseases of the Eye, OPHTHALMOLOGY › Physiology of Vision, Optometry, PAIN / Pain Management
  • 5358

L’anchilostomiasi e l’anemia che ne conseguita (anchilostomanemia).

G. int. Sci. med., n.s. 1, 1054-69, 1245-53, 1879.

Introduction of thymol as a hookworm vermifuge.



Subjects: INFECTIOUS DISEASE › DISEASES DUE TO METAZOAN PARASITES › Hookworm Disease
  • 5376.1

Das japanische Fluss- oder Ueberschwemmings-fieber, eine acute Infectionskrankheit.

Virchows Arch. path. Anat., 78, 373-420, 528-30, 1879.

Early scientific account of tsutsugamushi fever.



Subjects: COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › Japan, INFECTIOUS DISEASE › Rickettsial Infections
  • 5615

Remarks on forcipressure and the use of pressure-forceps in surgery.

Brit. med. J., 1, 926-28; 2, 3-4, 1879.

Spencer Wells forceps.



Subjects: INSTRUMENTS & TECHNOLOGIES › Medical Instruments › Forceps, SURGERY: General
  • 6071

Removal of normal ovaries.

Brit. med. J., 1, 813-14, 1879.

Lawson Tait reported that he had performed Battey’s operation on 1 August 1872, 16 days before Battey. See No. 6062.



Subjects: OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › GYNECOLOGY
  • 6072

Ueber die Ausrottung des Gebärmutterkrebses.

Wien. med. Wschr., 29, 1171-74, 1879.

First total hysterectomy by the vaginal route.



Subjects: OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › GYNECOLOGY › Hysterectomy
  • 6194

Clinical lecture on hepatic disease in gynaecology and obstetrics.

Med. Times Gaz., 1, 57-59., 1879.

Matthews Duncan pointed out that pernicious vomiting in pregnancy may be associated with hepatic lesions.



Subjects: OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › OBSTETRICS
  • 5208

Ueber eine der Gonorrhoe eigentümliche Micrococcusform.

Zbl. med. Wiss., 17, 497-500, 1879.

Discovery of the gonococcus – causal organism in gonorrhoea.



Subjects: BACTERIOLOGY › BACTERIA (mostly pathogenic; sometimes indexed only to genus) › Gram-Negative Bacteria › Gonococcus, INFECTIOUS DISEASE › SEXUALLY TRANSMITTED DISEASES › Gonorrhoea & Trichomonas Infection
  • 6278

Septicémie puerpérale.

Bull. Acad. Méd. (Paris), 2 sér., 8, 505-508, 1879.

Description of the streptococcus of puerperal sepsis.



Subjects: BACTERIOLOGY › BACTERIA (mostly pathogenic; sometimes indexed only to genus) › Gram-Positive Bacteria › Staphylococcus, OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › OBSTETRICS › Puerperal Fever
  • 6338

Ueber eine bisher nicht beschriebene endemisch aufgetretene Erkrankung Neugeborener.

Dtsch. med. Wschr., 5, 303-07, 415-18, 431-36, 447-50, 1879.

First description of “Winckel’s disease” of the newborn, characterized by icterus, hemorrhage, hemoglobinuria, and cyanosis.



Subjects: HEMATOLOGY › Blood Disorders
  • 6762

Index Medicus. A monthly classified record of the current medical literature of the world. Vols. 1-21.

New York, 18791899.

"Functionally, however, the greatest difference between the two publications [Index Medicus and the Index-Catalogue] was that the Index-Catalogue was a government publication and Index Medicus was not. For its entire run, the Index-Catalogue was published by the Surgeon-General's Office of the US Army, while Index Medicus was privately published by a series of small publishers, who had difficulty making the work profitable. In this period (1879–1926), the Index-Catalogue had a secure source of funding, while Index Medicus was expected to be self-supporting. As Billings wrote in his introduction to the first volume of Index Medicus:

It has often been suggested that it is highly desirable that [the Index-Catalogue] should be supplemented by some current publication, which should show all recent works, together with articles in periodicals, arranged by subjects [emphasis in the original], but until quite lately no proper means have been available for such an undertaking. Now, however, Mr. F. Leypoldt, of New York City, proposes to undertake the publication of such a current medical bibliographical serial.

"The role of Leypoldt has been described in different ways, but it is undeniable that, between 1879 and 1926, Index Medicus had a number of publishers, including Leypoldt in New York, George Davis in Boston, and the Carnegie Foundation in Washington. There was even a period (1899–1902) when publication of Index Medicus ceased and was briefly replaced by a Paris publication called the Bibliographica Medica. There were also years, such as 1895–1899, when the title page mysteriously read only “Published by the Editors, New York and Boston.” Sometimes (as in 1879), publishers were listed for London, Paris, Leipzig, Amsterdam, and St. Petersburg, and would-be contributors were advised to submit their publications to these Europeans offices for inclusion in Index Medicus. A certain collection development objective is implied here: the introductory letter already cited made it clear that, after indexing, the publications would be added to the collections of the library" (S. J. Greenberg & P. E. Gallagher, "The great contribution: Index MedicusIndex-Catalogue, and IndexCat," J. Med. Libr. Assoc. 97(2009) 108–113).

A second series, edited by Fletcher and F. H. Garrison, vols. 1-6, 1921-27. In 1927 the Quarterly Cumulative Index to Current Medical Literature (12 vols., 1916-26) was amalgamated with the Index Medicus to form Quarterly Cumulative Index Medicus (1927-56) which, with No. 6777, was superseded in 1960 by a new monthly Index Medicus with an annual Cumulated Index Medicus. The gap 1900-02 was partly filled by Bibliographia Medica, 3 vols., Paris, 1900-1903, and by Index Medicus Novus, Vienna, Nos. 1-12, 1899; Nos. 1-3, 1900. The first three series of Index Medicus were reprinted New York, Johnson Reprint, 1967. Bibliographia Medica was reprinted New York, Johnson Reprint, 1972.



Subjects: BIBLIOGRAPHY , BIBLIOGRAPHY › Periodicals
  • 6866

The guiding symptoms of the materia medica. 10 vols.

Philadelphia: American Publishing Co., 18791891.

Hering was called the “father of American homeopathy.” His 10-volume work is a record of confirmed symptoms that Hering and his colleagues observed over 50 years of practice.  



Subjects: ALTERNATIVE, Complimentary & Pseudomedicine › Homeopathy
  • 7591

Catalogue of the specimens illustrating the osteology and dentition of vertebrated animals, recent and extinct, contained in the Museum of the Royal College of Surgeons of England. 3 vols.: Part 1. Man: Homo sapiens.... Part II: Class Mammalia, other than man... Part III: Class Aves.

London: Printed for the College, 18791891.

Parts 1 and 2 by Flower; part 3 by Sharpe. Digital facsimile of Part 1 from the Biodiversity Heritage Library at this link, of Part 2 at this link, and Part 3 at this link.



Subjects: ANTHROPOLOGY › Physical Anthropology, COMPARATIVE ANATOMY, DENTISTRY › Comparative Anatomy of the Mouth, Teeth & Jaws, MUSEUMS › Medical, Anatomical & Pathological , MUSEUMS › Natural History Museums / Wunderkammern, ZOOLOGY › Mammalogy, ZOOLOGY › Ornithology
  • 7703

Gesammelte Schriften. 2 vols.

Leipzig: Wilhelm Engelmann, 1879.

In "Beschreibung und mikroskopische Untersuchungen von Mumien", published in I, 114-156, Czermak used histology to identify arterioschlerosis in an Egyptian mummy. Digital facsimile of this specific paper from ECHO at this link.



Subjects: Collected Works: Opera Omnia, PATHOLOGY › Paleopathology
  • 8240

The practice of medicine among the Burmese, translated from original manuscripts, with an historical sketch of the progress of medicine, from the earliest times.

Edinburgh: Maclachlan & Stewart, 1879.

Digital facsimile from the Internet Archive at this link.



Subjects: COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › Myanmar
  • 8852

Gold as a remedy in disease, notably in some forms of organic heart disease, angina pectoris, melancholy, tedium vitae, scrofula, syphilis, skin disease, & as an antidote to the ill effects of mercury.

London: Homoeopathic Publishing Co. & Philadelphia: Boericke & Tafel, 1879.

Burnett, a homeopath, provided an excellent summary of the history of gold as it was used in medicine, with extensive references to the historical literature. Digital facsimile from the Hathi Trust at this link.



Subjects: ALTERNATIVE, Complimentary & Pseudomedicine › Homeopathy, CARDIOLOGY › CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE › Coronary Artery Disease › Angina Pectoris, INFECTIOUS DISEASE › Mycosis › Scrofula (Mycobacterial cervical lymphadenitis), Minerals and Medicine
  • 8919

Erasmus Darwin. By Ernst Krause. Translated from the German by W. S. Dallas. With a preliminary notice by Charles Darwin.

London: John Murray, 1879.

Krause's short biography originally appeared in the German evolutionary periodical Kosmos in February 1879. In this translation Darwin added a biographical contribution that is longer than Krause's, i.e. 127pp by Darwin versus 89pp. by Krause. Darwin paid frequent tribute to his grandfather Erasmus, but denied that Erasmus's ideas had influenced him significantly in the development of the theory of evolution by natural selection. Digital facsimile of the copy Darwin presented to his daughter Henrietta Litchfield from the Internet Archive at this link.



Subjects: BIOGRAPHY (Reference Works) › Biographies of Individuals, EVOLUTION
  • 9012

Cassius Felicis De medicina ex Graecis logicae sectae auctoribus liber translatus sub Artabure et Calepio consulibus (anno 447) nunc primu editus a Valentino Rose.

Leipzig: B. G. Teubner, 1879.

Editio princeps. Cassius Felix was a Roman African medical writer, probably native of Constantina (now Algeria). His De medicina is a simple handbook for practical use, drawing on Greek medical sources. Digital facsimile from Google Books at this link.



Subjects: ANCIENT MEDICINE › Late Antiquity, ANCIENT MEDICINE › Roman Empire
  • 9028

The laws relating to quarantine of Her Majesty's dominions at home and abroad, and of the principal foreign states, including the sections of the Public health act, 1875, which bear upon measures of prevention

London: C. Kegan Paul & Co., 1879.

Digital facsimile from the Internet Archive at this link.



Subjects: EPIDEMIOLOGY › History of Epidemiology, Global Health, LAW and Medicine & the Life Sciences › Legislation, Biomedical, PUBLIC HEALTH › History of Public Health
  • 9627

Notes by a naturalist on the Challenger; being an account of observations made during the Voyage of H.M.S.Challenger round the world in the years 1872-1876. Under the Command of Capt. Sir G. S.Nares and Capt. F. T. Thomson.

London: Macmillan, 1879.

Includes descriptions of the natural history of Teneriffe, St. Thomas, Bermuda; Azores, Madeira, Cape Verdes; St. Paul’s Rocks and Fernando Do Norhona; Bahia; Tristan Da Cunha, Inaccessible Island; Nightingale Island; Cape of Good Hope; Prince Edward Island, The Crozet Islands; Kerguelen’s Land; Heard Island; Amongst the Southern Ice; Victoria, New South Wales; New Zealand, The Friendly Islands, Matuku Island; Fiji Islands; New Hebrides, Cape York, Torres Straits; Aru, Ke, Banda, Amboina, Ternate; The Philippine Islands; China, New Guinea; The Admiralty Islands; Japan, The Sandwich Islands; Tahiti, Juan Fernandez; Chile, Magellan’s Straits, Falkland Islands, Ascensions; life on the ocean Surface and in the deep sea. Digital facsimile from the Internet Archive at this link.



Subjects: BIOLOGY › Marine Biology, NATURAL HISTORY, Oceanography, VOYAGES & Travels by Physicians, Surgeons & Scientists
  • 10397

On health and occupation. Manuals of Health. Published under the direction of the Committee of General Literature and Education appointed by the Society for Promoting Christian Knowledge.

London: Society for Promoting Christian Knowledge, 1879.

Digital facsimile from the Internet Archive at this link.



Subjects: COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › England (United Kingdom), OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH & MEDICINE
  • 10524

The epidemic of 1878 in Mississippi: Report of the yellow fever relief work.

Jackson, MS: Clarion Steam Publishing House, 1879.

Digital facsimile from the U.S. National Library of Medicine at this link.



Subjects: EPIDEMIOLOGY, INFECTIOUS DISEASE › VECTOR-BORNE DISEASES › Mosquito-Borne Diseases › Yellow Fever, U.S.: CONTENT OF PUBLICATIONS BY STATE › Mississippi
  • 11248

Additional notes on filaria sanguinis hominis and filiaria disease.

Med. Rep. Imperial Maritime Customs, China, 18th issue, 31-51, 1879.

On p. 36 of this paper Manson first described nocturnal periodicity in Filaria Bancrofti, an adaptation to the nocturnal biting habits of their mosquito vector. 

(Thanks to Juan Weiss for this reference and its interpretation.)



Subjects: COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › China, People's Republic of, INFECTIOUS DISEASE › DISEASES DUE TO METAZOAN PARASITES, INFECTIOUS DISEASE › VECTOR-BORNE DISEASES › Mosquito-Borne Diseases, PARASITOLOGY › Helminths › Parasitic Worms › Filaria
  • 11626

Traité des corps étrangers en chirurgie. Voies naturelles pharynx et oesophage - estomac - intestin - rectum - voies respiratoire - organes génito-urinaires de l'homme et de la femme conduit auditif - fosses nasales - conduits glandulaires. Avec figures dans le texte, desinées par H. Dauphin.

Paris: Octave Doin, 1879.

A comprehensive treatise on an astounding variety of foreign bodies that surgeons had recorded removing from various and sometimes amazing parts of the body. Digital facsimile of the 1879 edition from Google Books at this link.

Translated into English as A treatise on foreign bodies in surgical practice. 2 vols. New York: William Wood & Company, 1880. Digital facsimile from the Internet Archive at this link.



Subjects: ODDITIES & Curiosities, Biomedical, SURGERY: General
  • 11826

The study and practice of medicine by women.

International Review, 6, 442-471, 1879.

Probably the first study of how women physicians used their medical training. Digital facsimile from the Internet Archive at this link.



Subjects: WOMEN in Medicine & the Life Sciences, Publications About
  • 11954

Catalogue of the plants under cultivation in the botanical gardens, Singapore, Straits Settlements.

Singapore: Government Printing Office, 1879.

The first published catalogue of plants in the Singapore Botanic Gardens. Digital facsimile from the Hathi Trust at this link.



Subjects: BOTANY › Botanical Gardens, COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › Singapore
  • 12084

Gesammelte Abhandlungen aus dem Gebiete der öffentlichen Medicin und der Seuchenlehre. 2 vols.

Berlin: August Hirschwald, 1879.

Digital facsimile from the Internet Archive at this link.  Translated into English by L. J. Rather as Collected essays on public health and epidemiology. 2 vols. Canton, MA: Science History Publications, 1985.



Subjects: EPIDEMIOLOGY, PUBLIC HEALTH, SOCIAL MEDICINE
  • 12274

Die Diagnostik des Pulses in Bezug auf die localen Veränderungen desselben.

Leipzig: Verlag von Veit, 1879.

Bedford 56: "Pulse reporting by hydrosphygmograph by Italian physiologist Angelo Mosso (1846-1910), who was professor of pharmacology at Turin University." Digital facsimile from the Internet Archive at this link.



Subjects: CARDIOLOGY › CARDIOVASCULAR PHYSIOLOGY › Cardiac Electrophysiology
  • 12418

Resektion af refben vid kroniskt empyem. C. R. Sur la résection des côtes dans l'empyème chronique.

Nord. med. Ark.,11, 1-14, 1879.
Esklander proposed a new method of surgery, involving sectioning of the ribs, to cure a condition previously considered incurable caused by chronic purulent pleurisy. 


Subjects: PULMONOLOGY › Lung Diseases
  • 13078

Naval hygiene. Human health and the means of preventing disease. With illustrative incidents principally derived from naval experience.

Philadelphia: Lindsay & Blakiston, 1879.

Includes chromolithographed plates. Digital facsimile of the second edition (1879) from Google Books at this link. WorldCat cites only this second edition with this title and Wilson's work of 1870 (No. 13077). Therefore it is possible that this 1879 work, which is very different from the 1870 work, was considered by Wilson to be a second edition of that work.



Subjects: MILITARY MEDICINE & HYGIENE › Navy, Maritime Medicine