An Interactive Annotated World Bibliography of Printed and Digital Works in the History of Medicine and the Life Sciences from Circa 2000 BCE to Circa 2020 by Fielding H. Garrison (1870-1935), Leslie T. Morton (1907-2004), and Jeremy M. Norman (1945- ) Traditionally Known as “Garrison-Morton”

14973 entries, 12870 authors and 1842 subjects. Updated: May 10, 2021

Browse by Publication Year 1820–1829

322 entries
  • 4519.2

A treatise on nervous diseases.

London: Longman, 18201823.

“The earliest separate work on clinical neurology” (McHenry). Includes the Croonian lecture (1819) on apoplexy, and sections on palsy and epilepsy. The work includes the first history of neurological thought.



Subjects: NEUROLOGY › Diseases of the Nervous System, NEUROLOGY › History of Neurology
  • 668.3

Mémoire sur la conversion de matiéres animales en nouvelles substances par le moyen de l’acide sulfurique.

. Ann. Chim. Phys., Sér. 2, 13, 113-15., 1820.

Isolation of glycine and leucine.



Subjects: BIOCHEMISTRY
  • 1556

De aure et auditu hominis et animalium.

Leipzig: apud G. Fleischerum, 1820.


Subjects: OTOLOGY , OTOLOGY › Physiology of Hearing
  • 1604.2

A treatise on the adulterations of food and culinary poisons: Exhibiting the fraudulent sophistications of bread, beer, wine, spirituous liquors, tea, coffee, cream, confectionery, vinegar, mustard, pepper, cheese, olive oil, pickles and other articles employed in domestic economy; and methods of detecting them.

London: Longman, Hurst..., 1820.

One of the earliest exposures of food adulteration, written by a German chemist who spent most of his career in England. This sensational popular scientific work exposed established scandalous practices within the food processing industry, antagonizing London food manufacturers. The scandal was particularly sensational since it affected consumers of all economic classes. However, after a lawsuit was brought against him Accum left England, living out the rest of his life as a teacher at an industrial institution in Berlin.

"A thousand copies of A Treatise on Adulterations of Food and Culinary Poisons were sold within a month of its publication. A second run was printed in the same year, and a German translation was printed in Leipzig two years later. The book's cover shows that Accum was capable of using dramatic imagery to try to draw attention to his scientific knowledge. It featured a rectangular frame supporting a spider's web and surrounded by intertwined snakes. A spider lurks in the middle of the web over its prey, and a skull crowns the entire collection with a caption beneath it, taken from 2 Kings 4:40: 'There is death in the pot' " (Wikipedia article Friedrich Accum, accessed 9-2017).

Digital facsimile of the first edition from the Internet Archive at this link; of the second edition, with different title page, at this link.



Subjects: NUTRITION / DIET, PUBLIC HEALTH, TOXICOLOGY
  • 2030

Histoire abrégée des drogues simples. 2 vols.

Paris: L. Colas, 1820.


Subjects: PHARMACOLOGY › History of Pharmacology
  • 1845

Pharmacopoeia of the United States of America. 1820. By the authority of the medical societies and colleges.

Boston, MA: Charles Ewer, 1820.

The first official US pharmacopoeia. Spalding began campaigning for a national pharmacopeia in 1815. His efforts finally bore fruit in a national convention that met in 1820 and adopted a pharmacopeia based mainly on the Pharmacopoeia of the Massachusetts Medical Society (1808). Spalding chaired the Committee of Publication for the  national pharmacopoeia. The title page of the first edition bore the date "Dec. 1820" Digital facsimile from the Internet Archive at this link



Subjects: COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › United States (See also state listings under U.S.), PHARMACOLOGY › Pharmacopeias
  • 2073

Pharmacologia; or the history of medicinal substances, with a view to establish the art of prescribing. 3rd ed.

London: W. Phillips, 1820.

First description of cancer caused by arsenic (p. 133).



Subjects: ONCOLOGY & CANCER, PHARMACOLOGY, TOXICOLOGY
  • 3056

Von einer erblichen Neigung zu tödtlichen Blutungen.

Arch. med. Erfahr., 1, 385-434., 1820.

In his description of hemophilia Nasse stressed the immunity of females, despite their ability to transmit the disease. This fact has become known as “Nasse’s law”.



Subjects: HEMATOLOGY › Blood Disorders
  • 3812

Découverte d’un nouveau remède contre le goitre.

Bibliothèque universelle, 14, 190-98; also in Ann. Chim. Phys., , 15, 49-59., 1820, 1820.

Coindet is usually regarded as the first to administer iodine in cases of goitre, with beneficial results. It had previously been prepared from seaweed by B. Courtois in 1812 (Ann. Chim. (Paris), 1813, 88, 304-10), and both Ampère and Humphry Davy were interested in it. W. Prout, however, in his Chemistry, meteorology, etc., London, 1834, p. 113, claimed that he had recommended it to John Elliotson, who had used it in 1819 at St. Thomas’s Hospital. There is an English translation of his paper in Lond. med. Phys. J., 1820, 44, 486-89.



Subjects: ENDOCRINOLOGY › Thyroid
  • 2944

Case of a wound of the common iliac artery.

Amer. med. Recorder, 3, 185-93, 1820.

Gibson was the first to ligate the common iliac, July 27, 1812.



Subjects: VASCULAR SURGERY › Ligations
  • 3679.5

Traité de la partie mécanique de l’art du chirugien-dentiste. 2 vols.

Paris: L'Auteur, 1820.

The first scientifically written textbook of dental prosthetics. Delabarre's innovations included clasp retentions, the impression tray, and the palatal obturator.
Digital facsimile from gallica.BnF.fr at this link.



Subjects: DENTISTRY › Prosthodontics
  • 4444

Observation sur une résection de la mâchoire inférieure.

J. univ. Sci. méd., 19, 77-98., 1820.

Dupuytren was the first successfully to excise the lower jaw, in 1812, as recorded in his Leçons orales, 1829, 2, 421-53. The above paper deals with a later operation of the same type.



Subjects: ORTHOPEDICS › Orthopedic Surgery & Treatments › Amputations: Excisions: Resections
  • 4445

A treatise on gun-shot wounds. 2nd. ed.

London: Longman, 1820.

Successful amputation at the hip-joint, after the battle of Waterloo, 7 July, 1815.



Subjects: MILITARY MEDICINE & HYGIENE, MILITARY MEDICINE & HYGIENE › Napoleon's Campaigns & Wars, ORTHOPEDICS › Orthopedic Surgery & Treatments › Amputations: Excisions: Resections
  • 5739

Die Gaumennath, ein neuentdecktes Mittel gegen angeborene Fehler der Sprache.

J. Chir. Augenheilk., 1, 1-54, 1820.

Graefe devised an operation for the treatment of congenital cleft palate. He reported his first closure of a cleft in the soft palate to the Med.-Chir. Gesellschaft, Berlin, on 27 December 1816 (see J. pract Heilk., 1817, 44, 1St., p. 116). Abridged English translation in No. 5768.2.



Subjects: PLASTIC & RECONSTRUCTIVE SURGERY › Cleft Lip & Palate
  • 5740

Dissertatio chirurgo-medica inauguralis de velosynthesi.

Edinburgh: J. Moir, 1820.

Stephenson, a medical student from Montreal, was the first to be operated upon by Roux (No. 5739.1) for the repair of cleft of the soft palate. He described the operation in his graduation thesis. Stephenson later founded the Montreal Medical Institution, from which the Medical Faculty at McGill University developed. For translations see J. Hist. Med., 1963, 18, 209-19, and Brit J. plast. Surg., 1966, 19, 1-14.



Subjects: COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › Canada, PLASTIC & RECONSTRUCTIVE SURGERY › Cleft Lip & Palate
  • 5588

Illustrations of the great operations of surgery, trepan, hernia, amputation, aneurism, and lithotomy.

London: Longman, 18201821.

One of the most dramatically and beautifully illustrated works in the entire literature of surgery. Hand-colored copies show more blood than is usual for surgical treatises of this period. From publication in fascicules, 1820-21. A second, undated issue appeared circa 1830. One of the images of shows an operation done on the head of a black man. This may be the earliest depiction of a black person in a medical work.



Subjects: ANTHROPOLOGY › Medical Anthropology, Illustration, Medical, SURGERY: General , SURGERY: General › Notable Surgical Illustrations
  • 5843

A synopsis of the diseases of the eye.

London: Longman, 1820.

The earliest systematic treatise in English on diseases of the eye. The book became the authority in Europe and America. Travers, a pupil of Sir Astley Cooper, became surgeon to St. Thomas’s Hospital.



Subjects: OPHTHALMOLOGY › Diseases of the Eye
  • 5233

Recherches chimique sur les quinquinas.

Ann. Chim. Phys. (Paris), 15, 289-318, 337-65, 1820.

Isolation of quinine.



Subjects: INFECTIOUS DISEASE › VECTOR-BORNE DISEASES › Mosquito-Borne Diseases › Malaria, PHARMACOLOGY › PHARMACEUTICALS › Botanic Sources of Single Component Drugs › Cinchona Bark › Quinine
  • 7055

A treatise on the diseases of Negroes, as they occur in the island of Jamaica: with observations on the country remedies.

Jamaica: Printed by Alex. Aikman, Jr., 1820.

Digital facsimile from the National Library of Medicine, Internet Archive, at this link.



Subjects: AFRICAN AMERICANS & MEDICINE & BIOLOGY, COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › Caribbean, COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › Caribbean › Jamaica, Slavery and Medicine
  • 7596

A dissertation on the treatment of morbid local affections of nerves.

London: J. Drury, 1820.

An early discussion of peripheral nerve injuries, tumors, and inflammation of nerves, including issues of pain and healing. Swan was among the first of the 19th-century surgeons to argue that divided nerves that are surgically repaired heal  best. Also, this work probably includes the first animal experiments on nerve injuries. Digital facsimile from the Internet Archive at this link.



Subjects: NEUROSCIENCE › NERVOUS SYSTEM › Peripheral Nerves / Nerve Impulses, NEUROSURGERY › Peripheral Nerves
  • 7632

Compte rendu à la Faculté de Médecine de Strasbourg sur l'état actuel de son muséum anatomique suivi du catalogue des objects qu'il renferme.

Strasbourg, France: F. G. Levrault, 1820.

Digital facsimile from the Hathi Trust at this link. See also Lobstein's Compte rendu à la Faculté de Médicine de Strasbourg sur les travaux anatomiques exécutés à l'amphithéâtre de cette faculté pendant les années 1821, 1822, et 1823: Suivi d'un premier supplément au catalogue de son musée anatomique (1824).



Subjects: MUSEUMS › Medical, Anatomical & Pathological
  • 8924

Dictionaire des sciences médicales. Biographie médicale. 7 vols.

Paris: C. L. F. Panckoucke, 18201825.

Authorship of this anonymous work is frequently attributed to Jourdan, who signed the preface. Digital facsimile from Google Books at this link.



Subjects: BIOGRAPHY (Reference Works)
  • 8948

Observations sur la fièvre jaune, faites à Cadix, en 1819 par MM. Pariset et Mazet, docteurs en médecine de la Faculté de Paris, et rédigées par M. Pariset.

Paris: Audot, 1820.

Pariset and Mazet distinguished themselves combating an outbreak of yellow fever in Spain. Pariset's colleague was apparently not involved with publication of the book, and died in a yellow fever outbreak in Barcelona in 1821, very soon after the book's publication, as Pariset's dedication is dated December, 1820. Some copies have an inserted plate honoring his memory. This is probably the most elaborately produced, and strangely beautiful book on yellow fever published during the 19th century with 5 full-page hand-colored lithographs by le Comte de Lasteyrie, pioneer lithographer in France. Digital facsimile from Google Books at this link.



Subjects: COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › Spain, INFECTIOUS DISEASE › VECTOR-BORNE DISEASES › Mosquito-Borne Diseases › Yellow Fever, Illustration, Medical
  • 9072

Ensaio dermosographico ou Succinta e systematica descripção das doenças cutaneas, conforme os principios e observações dos doutores Willan, e Bateman, com indicacão dos respectivos remedios aconselhados por estes celebres authores, e alguns outros.

Lisbon: Na Typographia da Mesma Academia, 1820.

The first book on dermatology published in Portuguese. Digital facsimile from the Internet Archive at this link.



Subjects: COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › Portugal, DERMATOLOGY
  • 9197

Zoological illustrations, or, original figures and descriptions of new, rare, or interesting animals, selected chiefly from the classes of ornithology, entomology, and conchology, and arranged on the principles of Cuvier and other modern zoologists. 3 vols.

London: Printed by R. and A. Taylor for Baldwin, Cradock, and Joy...., 18201823.

"Apart from the common and scientific names of many species, it is for the quality of his illustrations that he [Swainson] is best remembered. His friend William Elford Leach, head of zoology at the British Museum, encouraged him to experiment with lithography for his book Zoological Illustrations (1820–23). Swainson became the first illustrator and naturalist to use lithography, which was a relatively cheap means of reproduction and did not require an engraver. He began publishing many illustrated works, mostly serially. Subscribers received and paid for fascicles, small sections of the books, as they came out, so that the cash flow was constant and could be reinvested in the preparation of subsequent parts. As book orders arrived, the monochrome lithographs were hand-coloured, according to colour reference images, known as ‘pattern plates’, which were produced by Swainson himself. It was his early adoption of this new technology and his natural skill of illustration that in large part led to his fame.[8]" (Wikipedia article on William John Swainson, accessed 03-2017).

Digital facsimile from the Biodiversity Heritage Library at this link.

 



Subjects: NATURAL HISTORY, NATURAL HISTORY › Illustration, ZOOLOGY › Arthropoda › Entomology, ZOOLOGY › Malacology, ZOOLOGY › Ornithology
  • 9696

Hamse-i Şanizade. Miratü'l Ebdan fi Teşrih-i Azaü'l-İnsan [About anatomy]; Usulü't Tabia [Book of physiology]; Miyaru'l-Etibba [Practice of medicine].

Istanbul (Constantinople): Dar üt-Tibaat ül-Amire, 1820.

This illustrated compendium of anatomy, physiology, and internal medicine was first medical work in Turkish printed by letterpress in the Ottoman Empire. It was also one of the first medical works in Turkish to draw throughly on western science. Digital facsimile of the 1867 edition from the Hathi Trust at this link.



Subjects: ANATOMY › 19th Century, COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › Turkey
  • 10617

Ichthyologia Ohiensis, or natural history of the fishes inhabiting the river Ohio and its tributary streams, preceded by a physical description of the Ohio and its branches.

Lexington, KY: Printed for the Author by W. G. Hunt, 1820.

In Rafinesque's polemic style the title page includes the following statement:

"The art of seeing well, or of noticing and distinguishing with accuracy the objects which we perceive, is a high faculty of the mind, unfolded in few individuals, and despised by those who can neither acquire it, nor appreciate its results."

New edition by Richard Ellsworth Call as Ichthyologia Ohiensis or natural history of the fishes inhabiting the river Ohio and its tributary steams. A verbatim et literatim reprint of the original, with a sketch of the life, the ichthyologic work, and the ichthyologic bibliography of Rafinesque (Cleveland: The Burrows Brothers Co, 1899).

Digital facsimile of the 1820 edition from Biodiversity Heritage Library at this link.



Subjects: COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › United States (See also state listings under U.S.) › American Midwest, U.S.: CONTENT OF PUBLICATIONS BY STATE › Ohio, ZOOLOGY › Ichthyology
  • 10762

Flora Indica; or descriptions of Indian plants by the late William Roxburgh. Edited by William Carey, to which are added descriptions of plants recently discovered by Nathaniel Wallich. 2 vols.

Serampore, India: Printed at the Mission Press, 18201824.

Digital facsimile from the Internet Archive at this link.



Subjects: BOTANY, COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › India
  • 11411

Neueste phytochemische Entdeckungen zur Begründung einer wissenschaftlichen Phytochemie. 2 vols.

Berlin: G. Reimer, 18201821.

On pp. 144-146 of vol. 1 Runge reported the isolation of relatively pure caffeine for the first time. He called it "Kaffebase." Digital facsimile from Google Books at this link. In 1821 the French chemists Pierre-Joseph Pelletier and Joseph Bienaimé Caventou independently isolated caffeine without knowledge of Runge's work. 



Subjects: BIBLIOGRAPHY › Bibliographies of Chemistry / Biochemistry, PHARMACOLOGY › PHARMACEUTICALS › Botanic Sources of Single Component Drugs › Caffeine
  • 12471

A flora of North America. Illustrated by coloured figures, drawn from nature. 3 vols.

Philadelphia: M. Carey & Sons, 18201824.

This work represents the first successful use of stipple engravings for the reproduction of images in a book published in the United States. 29 of the 106 hand-colored plates were engraved by Cornelius Tiebout (1773-1832) considered the first truly skilled engraver born in the U.S.

Digital facsimile from Biodiversity Heritage Library at this link.



Subjects: BOTANY, BOTANY › Botanical Illustration
  • 12750

Chirurgische Kupfertafeln. 4 vols.

Weimar: Landes-Industrie-Comptoir, 18201847.

This collection of 417 plates on surgical procedures, instruments, and bandages, with 4 pages of explanatory text, was published in 96 parts between 1820 and 1847. Fifty-two of the plates were issued hand-colored. The work was initiated by Ludwig Friedrich Froriep and continued by his son Robert. The set is especially useful for orthopedics, ophthalmology, plastic surgery, etc. The work is primarily derivative from the published works of other authors including Astley Cooper, Travers, Rosenmüller, Walther, Scarpa, Dupuytren, Brüninghausen, Desalut, Boyer, Ford, Bellm Liston, Langenbruch, Seiler, Hagedorn, Szondi, Bateman, Dieffenbach, Graefe.



Subjects: ORTHOPEDICS › Orthopedic Surgery & Treatments › Amputations: Excisions: Resections, PLASTIC & RECONSTRUCTIVE SURGERY, SURGERY: General
  • 13116

Mirât ul-abd fi techrīhh azâ il-insân.

Üsküdar (Scutari), 1820.

The first book on anatomy and medicine printed in Turkish. The title may be translated as Miroir des corps dans l'anatomie des membres de l''homme. The work was primarily derived from European sources and included 56 plates copied from European books.

My references for book and the spelling of the author's name are "Catalogue des Livres composant la Bibliothèque Linguistique de M. Le Marquis de la Ferté-Sénectère (1873). No. 2115. And the pamphlet about the publication by T.-X Bianchi (No. 13115 in historyofmedicine.com).



Subjects: ANATOMY › 19th Century, COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › Turkey
  • 13168

Sailor's physician, exhibiting the symptoms, causes and treatment of diseases incident to seamen and passengers in merchant vessels: With directions for preserving their health in sickly climates; intended to afford medical advice to such persons while at sea, where a physician cannot be consulted.

Cambridge, MA: Printed by Hilliard and Metcalf, 1820.

Digital facsimile from U.S. National Library of Medicine at this link. This work underwent at least four editions, the last of which was published in 1851 under the title of Physician for ships....That edition included new material on California and the Gold Rush of 1849 and following years, "containing advice to persons bound to that region, both by sea and overland, for the preservation of health and cure of disease on their way and while employed at the gold diggings."



Subjects: Maritime Medicine
  • 318

System der vergleichenden Anatomie. 6 vols.

Halle: Renger, 18211833.

Meckel is considered the greatest comparative anatomist before Johannes Müller. Digital facsimile from the Hathi Trust Digital Library at this link.



Subjects: COMPARATIVE ANATOMY
  • 1255
  • 4520

On the nerves; giving an account of some experiments on their structure and functions, which lead to a new arrangement of the system.

Phil. Trans., 111, 398-424, 1821.

“Bell’s palsy”. The facial paralysis ensuing upon lesion of the motor nerve of the face is described here for the first time. See also his later paper, with more detailed description, in the same journal, 1829, 119, 317-30. Reprinted in Med. Classics, 1936, 1, 152-69. This paper also includes the description of “Bell’s nerve”, the long thoracic.



Subjects: NEUROLOGY › Diseases of the Nervous System, NEUROSCIENCE › NERVOUS SYSTEM › Peripheral Nerves / Nerve Impulses
  • 598

Mémoires sur le mécanisme de l’absorption chez les animaux à sang rouge et chaud.

J. Physiol. exp. path., 1, 1-17, 18-31, 1821.

Magendie, the pioneer of experimental physiology in France, demonstrated the absorption of fluids and semisolids to be a function of the blood-vessels, as well as of the lymphatics. He was the founder, in 1821, of the Journal de physiologie expérimentale.



Subjects: PHYSIOLOGY
  • 409

Anatomie de l’homme, ou descriptions et figures lithographiées de toutes les parties du corps humain. 5 vols.

Paris: Imprimerie lithographique de C. Lasteyrie, Imprimerie de Rignous [Vols. 1-2] & Imprimerie lithographique de M. Engelmann et Compagnie, chez M. de Comte de Lasteyrie, Imprimerie de A. Belin [Vols. 3-5], 18211831.

The first anatomical atlas illustrated by lithography, containing 300 plates in folio format. This was one of the most elaborate of the lithographic “incunabula” produced by Charles Philibert de Lasteyrie, one of the pioneer lithographers in France. In planning this atlas Cloquet intended to exploit the faster production speed resulting new technology of printing by lithography; however, no matter how fast the plates could be drawn on stone, the publication in fascicles or parts was inevitably delayed by time required to do the dissections and prepare the original drawings. Jules began his career as an apprentice to his father, J.B.A. Cloquet, an artist and engraver and art teacher, and went to medical school after working as a wax-modeler for the Paris Faculty of Medicine. Jules illustrated his own doctoral thesis on hernia, and what was more unusual, he also drew the plates on stone for the lithographic reproductions in the version of his thesis that was commercially published in 1819. For this large anatomical atlas Jules and his artist sister, Lise, created the drawings for approximately 150 plates that were original for the work. The remaining 150 plates not after drawings by the Cloquets were copied from publications by William Hunter, Soemmerring, Tiedemann, Haller, Walter, Mascagni, Charles Bell, Scarpa, and others. There were more than 3000 separate figures on the 300 plates in the complete atlas. The art was drawn on stone by Haincelin, Feillet and Dubourjal. The lithographs were printed at the presses of de Lasteyrie, Godefroy Engelmann (the other pioneer lithographer in France), and Brigeaut, a workman at de Lasteyrie's press who set up his own shop. 

A few copies of the second edition in reduced quarto format, (Paris, 1825-[36]), were issued with the plates hand-colored.

 


Subjects: ANATOMY › 19th Century, ANATOMY › Anatomical Illustration, ART & Medicine & Biology
  • 2016

Examen du sang et de son action dans les divers phénomènes de la vie.

Ann. Chim. (Paris), 18, 280-96, 1821.

First successful use of defibrinated blood for animal transfusions. This was the first attempt to prevent coagulation during transfusion.



Subjects: HEMATOLOGY › Anticoagulation, THERAPEUTICS › Blood Transfusion
  • 1846

Formulaire pour la préparation et l’emploi de plusieurs nouveaux médicamens, tels que la noix vomique, la morphine, etc.

Paris: Méquignon-Marvis, 1821.

Magendie was the pioneer of experimental physiology in France. His Formulaire introduced into medical practice several of the newly discovered alkaloids, notably morphine, veratrine, brucine, piperine, emetine, as well as quinine and strychnine. Digital facsimile of the 1821 edition from BnF Gallica at this link. Translated into English from the third French edition with an introduction and notes by Robley Dunglison, Philadelphia, 1824. Digital facsimile of the 1824 edition from the U. S. National Library of Medicine at this link.



Subjects: PHARMACOLOGY › Pharmacopeias › Dispensatories or Formularies
  • 3253

Osphrésiologie, ou traité des odeurs, du sens et des organes de l’olfaction. 2me. éd.

Paris: Méquignon-Marvis, 1821.

An exhaustive work which discusses olfaction, diseases of the nose, membranous occlusion of the nostrils, deviations of the septum, rhinoplasty, coryza, vasomotor rhinitis, rhinorrhoea, etc. The first edition was entitled Dissertation sur les odeurs… (Paris, Feugueray, 1815).



Subjects: OTORHINOLARYNGOLOGY (Ear, Nose, Throat) › Rhinology, Olfaction / Smell, Anatomy & Physiology of, PLASTIC & RECONSTRUCTIVE SURGERY › Rhinoplasty
  • 3584

Sull’ernia del perineo.

Pavia: P. Bizzoni, 1821.

Scarpa’s work on perineal hernia included a classic description of sliding hernia, or hernia of the large bowel. His contribution to the subject of hernia ranks with that of Cooper, and he did much toward modernizing the knowledge of this specialty.



Subjects: SURGERY: General › Hernia
  • 28

Opera omnia. 20 vols., [in 22].

Leipzig: C. Cnobloch, 18211833.

This Greek–Latin edition, edited by C. G. Kühn, is reprinted from much earlier editions, and leaves much to be desired with respect to scholarship. However, it remained the standard edition for about 100 years.



Subjects: ANCIENT MEDICINE › Roman Empire, Collected Works: Opera Omnia
  • 3364

Traité des maladies de l’oreille et de l’audition. 2 vols.

Paris: Méquignon-Marvis, 1821.

First of the modern textbooks on diseases of the ear, this work did much to establish otology on a firm basis. Itard described startle tests for the hearing of children and malingerers, and he developed an acumeter.



Subjects: OTOLOGY › Audiology, OTOLOGY › Audiology › Hearing Tests, OTOLOGY › Diseases of the Ear
  • 4411.1

Remarks on certain injuries of the bones in children.

Amer. Med. Rec., 4, 9-20., 1821.

On bending fractures in children.



Subjects: ORTHOPEDICS › Orthopedic Surgery & Treatments › Fractures & Dislocations, PEDIATRICS
  • 4446

Case of tumour of the superior jaw.

Amer. med. Recorder, 4, 222-30., 1821.

First excision of the superior maxilla, 11 Nov, 1820.



Subjects: ORTHOPEDICS › Orthopedic Surgery & Treatments › Amputations: Excisions: Resections
  • 6170

Pratique des accouchemens…par Marie Louise La Chapelle. Publiés par Antoine Dugès. 3 vols.

Paris: J.-B. Baillière, 18211825.

Mme La Chapelle was a famous midwife and a colleague of Baudelocque. She supervised 5,000 deliveries and her vast experience enabled her to write her book. She reduced the 94 theoretical presentations suggested by Baudelocque to 22. The above, posthumously edited by her nephew, represents her life work.



Subjects: OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › OBSTETRICS, OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › OBSTETRICS › Midwives, WOMEN in Medicine & the Life Sciences, Publications About, WOMEN, Publications by › Years 1800 - 1899
  • 6374.14

A treatise on acupuncturation, being a description of a surgical operation originally peculiar to the Japonese and Chinese, and by them denominated zin-king, now introduced into European practice, with directions for its performance, and cases illustrating its success.

London: Simpkin, Marshall, 1821.

The first English monograph on acupuncture. Churchill had most success with rheumatic conditions, sciatica, back-pain, etc. Digital facsimile from the Internet Archive at this link.

The German translation of Churchill's book, Abhandlung über die Acupunctur. Aus dem Englischen übersetzt von J. Wagner. Mit Vorrede und Zusätzen hrsg. von J. B. Friedreich. Bamberg: Ludwig Wesché, 1824, was the first treatise on acupuncture in German.



Subjects: ALTERNATIVE, Complimentary & Pseudomedicine › Acupuncture (Western References), NEUROLOGY › Chronic Pain › Sciatica, PAIN / Pain Management, RHEUMATOLOGY
  • 5336.4

Notiz. a. d. Geb. d. Natur-u. Heilk., Weimar, 1, col. 64, 1821.

Description of the calcified cysts of trichinosis in human muscle. (A brief notice with no title).



Subjects: INFECTIOUS DISEASE › DISEASES DUE TO METAZOAN PARASITES, INFECTIOUS DISEASE › Food-Borne Diseases › Trichinosis, PARASITOLOGY › Trichinella
  • 7772

A journal of travels into the Arkansas territory, during the year 1819. With occasional observations on the manners of the aborigines. Illustrated by a map and other engravings.

Philadelphia: T. H. Palmer, 1821.

Nuttall travelled  from Philadelphia, down the Ohio and Mississippi rivers to the Arkansas. From there he travelled across Arkansas to the interior of the modern Oklahoma; returning via the Arkansas and Mississippi rivers, and then to New Orleans. Digital facsimile from the Hathi Trust at this link.



Subjects: ANTHROPOLOGY, COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › United States (See also state listings under U.S.), COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › United States (See also state listings under U.S.) › American South, NATURAL HISTORY, U.S.: CONTENT OF PUBLICATIONS BY STATE › Arkansas, U.S.: CONTENT OF PUBLICATIONS BY STATE › Louisiana, U.S.: CONTENT OF PUBLICATIONS BY STATE › Oklahoma, VOYAGES & Travels by Physicians, Surgeons & Scientists
  • 8547

Flore pittoresque et médicale des Antilles, ou, Histoire naturelle des plantes usuelles des colonies françaises, anglaises, espagnoles et portugaises; par M. E. Descourtilz. Peinte par J. Th. Descourtilz. 8 vols.

Paris: Pichard, 18211829.

Medical botany of the Caribbean, finely illustrated with colored plates after paintings by the author's son. Digital facsimile from the Biodiversity Heritage Library at this link.



Subjects: BOTANY › Medical Botany, COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › Caribbean, PHARMACOLOGY › PHARMACEUTICALS › Materia medica / Herbals / Herbal Medicines
  • 9700

Icones cerebri simiarum et quorundam mammalium rariorum.

Heidelberg: Mohr & Winter, 1821.

"Although a few more reports were published furing the next hundred years [after Tyson] it was Tiedemann alone who gave a more detailed account, on monkeys, in his... Icones Simiarum.... In monkeys he found the brain shorter, the sulci shallower, and both sulci and gyri far fewer than in the human brain....in monkeys, as also in the ape, he observed greater symmetry and regularity of the convolutional pattern than is generally seen in man (Meyer, Historical aspects of cerebral anatomy, 142). Digital facsimile of the 1821 edition from Google Books at this link.



Subjects: ANATOMY › Neuroanatomy › Comparative Neuroanatomy, COMPARATIVE ANATOMY, ZOOLOGY › Mammalogy › Primatology
  • 10167

Systema mycologicum: Sistens fungorum ordines, genera et species, huc usque cognitas, quas ad normam methodi naturalis determinavit. 3 vols.

Lund: Ex Officina Berlingiana, 18211832.

Fries's work represents the beginning of mycological nomenclature. Digital facsimile from Biodiversity Heritage Library at this link.



Subjects: BOTANY › Cryptogams › Mycology
  • 10546

De la ménopause, ou de l'age critique des femmes; Traité dans lequel sont exposés du description anatomique et physiologique de l'utérus à la ménopause, les changemens que cette époque opère tant sur le physique que sur le moral de la femme, les moyens hygiéniques qui doivent être alors employés, enfin les maladies qui surviennent ordinairement à l'âge critique. Seconde edition.

Paris: Méquignon-Marvis, 1821.

In this work, a revised second edition of Gardanne's Avis aux femmes qui entrent dans l'age critique (1816), Gardanne coined the term menopause. Digital facsimile of the 1816 edition from the Internet Archive at this link.



Subjects: OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › GYNECOLOGY, OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › GYNECOLOGY › Menopause, WOMEN in Medicine & the Life Sciences, Publications About
  • 10647

Phytographie médicale, ornée de figures coloriées de grandeur naturelle, ou l’on expose l’histoire des poisons tirés du règne végétal, et les moyens de remédier a leurs effets délétères, avec des observations sur les propriétés et les usages des plantes héroïques. 2 vols.

Paris: Pierre-Nicolas-Firmin Didot, 1821.

Perhaps the most beautiful book on botanic poisons and their antidotes, including narcotics. Plates 1-15 cover mushrooms, and plate 175 depicts Cannabis sativa. With 180 plates printed in color à la poupée and finished by hand. Digital facsimile from BnF Gallica at this link.



Subjects: BOTANY › Cryptogams › Mycology, PHARMACOLOGY › PHARMACEUTICALS › Materia medica / Herbals / Herbal Medicines, TOXICOLOGY
  • 12757

The history of plague, as it has lately appeared in the islands of Malta, Gozo, Corfu, Cephalonia, &c. detailing specific contagion of that disease, with particulars of the means adeopted for its eradication.

London: Longman, Hurst, Rees, Orme, and Brown, 1821.

Concerns the Maltese plague,. 1813-1814. Digital facsimile from the Internet Archive at this link.



Subjects: COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › Greece , COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › Malta, INFECTIOUS DISEASE › VECTOR-BORNE DISEASES › Flea-Borne Diseases › Plague (transmitted by fleas from rats to humans), VOYAGES & Travels by Physicians, Surgeons & Scientists › History of Voyages & Travels by Physicians....
  • 12902

Traité historique det pratique sur les dents artificielles incorreuptibles, content les procédés de fabrication et dl'application.

Paris: L'Auteur & Gabon, Méquignon-Marivis, Croullebois, 1821.

One of the first comprehensive works on the production of false teeth, providing 30 or 40 different formulae for their manufacture. Digital facsimile from Google Books at this link.



Subjects: DENTISTRY › Prosthodontics
  • 13115

Notice sur le premier ouvrage d'anatomie et de médecine, imprimé en Turc, à Constantinople, en 1820, intitulé Miroir des corps dans l'anatomie de l'homme envoyé et offert par S. Exc. L'Ambassadeur de France près la sublime porte a la Bibliothèque du Roi; Suivie du Catalogue des livres turcs, arabes et persans, imprimés à Contantinople, depuis l'introduction de l'Imprimerie, en 12726-27, jusqu'en 1820.

Paris: De L'Imprimerie de L.-T. Cellot, 1821.

Bianchi characterized himself on the title page as Adj. Secretarty-Interpreter of the King for Oriental Languages.  In this pamphlet he translated parts of the text of Chani-Zadeh and also translated the Table of Contents of the work.

Digital facsimile from Google Books at this link.



Subjects: BIBLIOGRAPHY , BIBLIOGRAPHY › Bibliographies of Anatomy, COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › Turkey
  • 13191

Leçons de médecine légale. 2 vols.

Paris: Béchet jeune, 18211823.

Vol. 1, illustrated with 22 plates, of which 7 were hand-colored, was issued in 1823.  Digital facsimile from Google Books at this link.



Subjects: Forensic Medicine (Legal Medicine), TOXICOLOGY
  • 4521

On a peculiar disease resulting from the use of ardent spirits.

New Engl. J. Med. Surg., 2, 351-53, 1822.

Jackson drew attention to alcoholic neuritis – arthrodynia a potu. Jackson was professor at Boston Medical School.



Subjects: NEUROLOGY › Diseases of the Nervous System, TOXICOLOGY › Alcoholism, TOXICOLOGY › Drug Addiction
  • 409.1

Anatomia universa… 2 vols.

Pisa: Niccolo Capurro, 18221832.

The largest of all medical books from the standpoint of format. The 44 life size engraved plates are reproduced in double elephant folio size measuring 950 x 635 mm., and include an almost incredible level of detail. Published posthumously in fascicules over ten years, very few sets were issued, some hand-colored by the artist, Antonio Serrantoni. Three plates placed end-to-end illustrate the entire figure life-size. A lithographed edition, almost indistinguishable from the engraved edition, was issued nearly simultaneously by Francesco Antommarchi (Paris, 1823-26); G-M 7242). Antommarchi, Mascagni's literary executor, had been Napoleon's physician on St. Helena, and had presided over Napoleon's autopsy. For a longer discussion of Antommarchi's version, and why two versions of this huge publication were issued almost simultaneously, see "The Double Publication of the Double Elephant Folio of Anatomy," at HistoryofInformation.com at this link. A small folio authorized version of the Pisa edition, with more conveniently sized versions of the dramatic color plates, was issued in 2 vols., Florence, Batelli, 1833. 

 



Subjects: ANATOMY › 19th Century, ANATOMY › Anatomical Illustration, ART & Medicine & Biology
  • 4795

Recherches sur l’arachnitis chronique, la gastrite et la gastro-entérite chroniques, et la goutte: Considerées comme causes de l'aliénation mentale. Thèse No. 247

Paris: De L'Imprimerie de Didot le jeune, 1822.

First description of  general paresis, or paralytic dementia, general paralysis of the insane, or "maladie de Bayle". This is considered the first demonstation of an organic cause for a "psychiatric" disorder; it was influential in drawing the attention of psychiatrists to other disorders of the nervous system as possible causes of other "mental" disorders. Commercial issue: Paris, Didot le Jeune, 1822. Partial English translation in Arch. Neurol. Psychiat. (Chicago), 1934, 32, 808-829. Digital facsimile from the University of Calgary at this link.



Subjects: NEUROLOGY › Paralysis › General Paresis, PSYCHIATRY
  • 4809

A treatise on diseases of the nervous system.

London: T. & G. Underwood, 1822.

Includes the best early account of epilepsy after Willis.



Subjects: NEUROLOGY, NEUROLOGY › Epilepsy
  • 534.57

Philosophie anatomique, Tome II, Des monstruosités.

Paris: L'Auteur, 1822.

The elder Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire is credited with coining the word teratology, and was the first seriously to attempt the experimental production of anomalies, by manipulating chick eggs. See T. Cahn, La vie et l’œuvre d’Étienne Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire, Paris, 1962.



Subjects: TERATOLOGY
  • 1605

Leçons sur les épidémies et l’hygiène publique. 4 vols.

Paris: F. G. Levrault, 18221824.


Subjects: EPIDEMIOLOGY, Hygiene, PUBLIC HEALTH
  • 1390

Anatomical and physiological commentaries. Numbers I & II [All published].

London: T. & G. Underwood, 18221823.

Mayo discovered and described the functions of the Vth and VIIth cranial nerves on pp. 107-120 of Number I, and did much towards the clarification of the idea of reflex action. Reprinted, Metuchen, N.J., Scarecrow Press, 1975.



Subjects: NEUROSCIENCE › NERVOUS SYSTEM › Brain, including Medulla: Cerebrospinal Fluid
  • 1256

Expériences sur les fonctions des racines des nerfs rachidiens.

J. Physiol. exp. path., 2, 276-79, 1822.

Magendie definitely discovered that the anterior root is motor and that the dorsal root is sensory, although Romberg, Flourens, Sherrington, and others credited the discovery to Charles Bell. In this paper Magendie announced that “section of the dorsal root abolishes sensation, section of ventral roots abolishes motor activity, and section of both roots abolishes both sensation and motor activity” (Cranefield, No. 1588.9). This discovery has been called “the most momentous single discovery in physiology after Harvey”. This work was confirmed by Müller in 1831 (No. 1259). For a translation of the paper, see J. F. Fulton’s Selected readings in the history of physiology, 2nd ed., 1966, pp. 280-85.



Subjects: NEUROSCIENCE › NERVOUS SYSTEM › Peripheral Nerves / Nerve Impulses, NEUROSCIENCE › Neurophysiology
  • 1256.1

Expériences sur les fonctions des racines des nerfs qui naissent de la moelle épinière.

J. Physiol. exp. path., 2, 366-71, 1822.

Further experiments, including, most probably, “the first use of strychnine as part of a study of the localization of function in the nervous system as well as being a very early example of the rational use of a known property of a drug as a tool in physiological investigation”(Cranefield, No.1588.9).



Subjects: NEUROSCIENCE › NERVOUS SYSTEM › Peripheral Nerves / Nerve Impulses, NEUROSCIENCE › Neurophysiology
  • 1847

Erfahrungen über die grossen Heilkräfte des Leberthrans gegen chronische Rheumatismen und besonders gegen das Hüft- und Lendenweh.

J. pract. Heilk. 55, 6 St. 31-58; 62, 3 St., 3-40, 1822, 1826.

Schenk’s account of his experience with cod liver oil led to its general use on the continent of Europe. Author’s name incorrectly given as Scherer in original.



Subjects: PHARMACOLOGY › PHARMACEUTICALS › Cod Liver Oil
  • 1848

Mémoire sur l’iodure de potassium, l’acide hydriodique et sur un composé nouveau de carbone, d’iode et d’hydrogène.

Ann. Chim. Phys., 2 sér., 20, 163-68, 1822.

Iodoform discovered. See also Sérrulas' Notes sur l'Hydriodate de potasse et l'Acide hydriodique. – Hydriodure de carbone; moyen d'obtenir, à l'instant, ce composé triple (1822), of which a digital facsimile is available from BnF Gallica at this link.



Subjects: PHARMACOLOGY › PHARMACEUTICALS › Disinfectants
  • 1696.1

Illustrations and proofs of the principle of population including an examination of the proposed remedies of Mr. Malthus, and a reply to the objections of Mr. Godwin and others.

London: Longman, 1822.

Place was the first important proponent of birth control in any English speaking country. The above work openly advocates contraception, though without indicating how it was to be achieved. Reprinted with additional material collected by N.E. Himes, London, 1930.



Subjects: Contraception , DEMOGRAPHY / Population: Medical Statistics
  • 2530

Mémoire physiologique sur les maladies purulentes et putrides, sur la vaccine, etc.

J. Physiol. exp. path., 2, 1-45; 4, 1-69., 1822, 1824.

Gaspard was one of the first to make experimental studies on pyemia following the injection of putrid fluids. He experimented on dogs, sheep, foxes, and pigs, injecting putrid infusions pus, vaccine, lymph, blood, bile, urine, saliva, carbolic acid, hydrogen, or sulphuretted hydrogen.



Subjects: INFECTIOUS DISEASE
  • 3220

Essays, physiological and practical.

Liverpool: F. B. Wright, 1822.

Carson proposed the induction of open pneumothorax for the treatment of pulmonary tuberculosis (p. 64). Later he attempted it on a patient (see his An inquiry into the cause of respiration, etc. 2nd ed., London, 1833, p. 50). The procedure was carried out by Forlanini (see No. 3225).



Subjects: PULMONOLOGY › Lung Diseases › Pulmonary Tuberculosis
  • 3912

Account of a singular variety of urine, which turned black soon after being discharged; with some particulars respecting its chemical properties.

Med.-chir. Trans., 12, 37-45., 18221823.

Alkaptonuria described.



Subjects: GENETICS / HEREDITY › HEREDITARY / CONGENITAL DISEASES OR DISORDERS › Inherited Metabolic Disorders › Alkaptonuria, Metabolism & Metabolic Disorders
  • 4412.1

A treatise on dislocations, and on fractures of the joints.

London: Longman, 1822.

Through this and numerous subsequent editions this was the principal reference work on the subject in England and America for 30 years. “Many later clinical modifications were developed from Cooper’s methods” (Bick).



Subjects: ORTHOPEDICS › Orthopedic Surgery & Treatments › Fractures & Dislocations
  • 4447

Case of osteo-sarcoma in which the right side of the lower jaw was removed successfully after tying the carotid artery.

N.Y. med. phys. J., 1, 385-93., 1822.

Mott resected the entire half of the bone, necessitating a disarticulation at the temporo-mandibular joint.



Subjects: ONCOLOGY & CANCER › Sarcoma › Osteosarcoma, ORTHOPEDICS › Orthopedic Surgery & Treatments › Amputations: Excisions: Resections
  • 5740.1

Gelungener Versuch einer Nasenbildung aus einem völlig getrennten Hautstück aus dem Beine.

J. Chir. Augen-Heilk., 4, 569-582, 1822.

First well-documented full-thickness skin graft, used for a rhinoplasty on a patient whose nose and forehead had been destroyed by uncontrolled lupus. English translation in No. 5768.2.



Subjects: PLASTIC & RECONSTRUCTIVE SURGERY › Rhinoplasty, TRANSPLANTATION › Skin Grafting
  • 5741

Nonnula de regeneratione et transplantatione.

Würzburg: typ. Richterianis, 1822.

Dieffenbach’s thesis for the M.D., Würzburg.



Subjects: PLASTIC & RECONSTRUCTIVE SURGERY, TRANSPLANTATION
  • 6024

Case of ovarian dropsy, successfully removed by a surgical operation.

Amer. Med. Recorder, 5, 124-26, 1822.

Smith was the first in the U.S.A. after McDowell to perform ovariotomy, for ovarian edema. Smith was apparently without knowledge of the previous operations of McDowell.



Subjects: OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › GYNECOLOGY › Oophorectomy
  • 6171

Mémoire sur l’auscultation appliquée à l’étude de la grossesse.

Paris: Méquignon-Marvis, 1822.

Although not the first to record the auscultation of the fetal heart sound, Lejumeau, a pupil of Laennec, brought the importance of this diagnostic procedure to the notice of the medical profession. Laennec reprinted Lujumeau’s paper in the later editions of De l’auscultation médiate (No. 2673).



Subjects: CARDIOLOGY, OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › OBSTETRICS, PHYSICAL DIAGNOSIS › Auscultation, PHYSIOLOGY › Fetal Physiology
  • 6731

Sveriges läkare-historia ifran Konung Gustaf den I:s till närvarande tid. 5 vols.

Stockholm: P. A Norstedt & Soner, 18221935.


Subjects: BIOGRAPHY (Reference Works), COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › Sweden
  • 6383

Geschichte der Heilkunde. 2 vols.

Berlin: Enslin, 18221829.


Subjects: History of Medicine: General Works
  • 6988

New guide to health; or botanic family physician, containing a complete system of practice, upon a plan entirely new; with a description of the vegetables made use of, and directions for preparing and adminstering them to cure disease. To which is prefixed a narrative of the life and medical discoveries of the author.

Boston, MA: Printed for the Author, by E. G. House, 1822.

The "Bible" of Thomsonism or "Thomsonian medicine", which employed botanical remedies, often based on native American medicines. Digital facsimile from the Medical Heritage Library, Internet Archive, at this link.



Subjects: ALTERNATIVE, Complimentary & Pseudomedicine, BOTANY › Ethnobotany, Household or Self-Help Medicine, NATIVE AMERICANS & Medicine, PHARMACOLOGY › PHARMACEUTICALS › Materia medica / Herbals / Herbal Medicines
  • 7695

Grundtræk til en almindelig Plantegeographie.

Copenhagen: Gyldendalske Boghandlings Forlag, 1822.

The first atlas of the geography of plants, including distribution maps for the eastern and western hemisphere. Schouw translated the work into German and had the translation published the following year: Grundzüge einer allgemeinen Pflanzengeographie  (Berlin: Gedruckt und verlegt bei G. Reimer, 1823).



Subjects: BOTANY, Biogeography, Biogeography › Phytogeography, Cartography, Medical & Biological
  • 8904

Confessions of an opium eater.

London: Printed for Taylor and Hessey, 1822.

First published anonymously in September and October 1821 in the London Magazine, 4, No. xxi, 293-312, and No. xxii, 353-79, the Confessions was released in book form in 1822, and, after various reprints, again in 1856, in an edition revised by De Quincey. Numerous book-form editions of this work are available in digital facsimile online.



Subjects: BIOGRAPHY (Reference Works) › Autobiography, LITERATURE / Philosophy & Medicine & Biology › Fiction, PHARMACOLOGY › PHARMACEUTICALS › Botanic Sources of Single Component Drugs › Opium, TOXICOLOGY › Drug Addiction
  • 9071

Memoria sobre a virtude toenifuga da romeira, com observações zoologicas e zoonomicas relativas á toenea, e com huma estampa.

Lisbon: Na Typ. da Academia Real des Sciencias, 1822.

On the use of a root medicine to treat tapeworms, roundworms and similar parasites. The author refers to cases from Portuguese Africa, India and Brazil, and gives clinical observations based on his own case studies, several of which had been observed in Brazil. He describes in detail five types of parasites, describes symptoms, advocates his remedy, and gives zoological observations concerning the parasites. The large folding engraved plate depicts each of the five varieties of parasites from several different perspectives. (Richard Ramer).

Digital facsimile from Biodiversity Heritage Library at this link.



Subjects: COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › Africa, COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › Brazil, PARASITOLOGY › Helminths › Parasitic Worms, PHARMACOLOGY › PHARMACEUTICALS, TROPICAL Medicine
  • 9326

Traité des maladies des artisans, et de celles qui résultent des diverse professions, d'après Ramazzini; Ouvrage dans lequel on indique les précautions que doivent prendre, sous le rapport de la salubrité publique et particulière, les fabricans, les manufacturiers, les chefs d'ateliers, les artistes, et toutes les personnes qui exercent des professions insalubres.

Paris: J.-B. Baillière, 1822.

This second French edition of Ramazzini's De morbis artificum diabriba by Philibert Patissier provides so much new material on the diseases of workers in France as to virtually double the length of Ramazzini’s text. Digital facsimile from the Internet Archive at this link.



Subjects: Economics, Biomedical, OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH & MEDICINE , PHYSICAL MEDICINE / REHABILITATION › Exercise / Training / Fitness, PUBLIC HEALTH, Sports Medicine, TOXICOLOGY, TOXICOLOGY › Lead Poisoning
  • 9523

An account of the yellow fever which occurred in the city of New York, in the year 1822, to which is prefixed a brief sketch of the different pestilential diseases, with which this city was afflicted, in the years 1798, 1799, 1803 & 1805, with the opinion of several of our most eminent physicians, respecting the origin of the disease, its prevention and cure.To which is added a correct list of all the deaths by yellow fever during the late season.

New York: Samuel Marks, 1822.

Digital facsimile from the Internet Archive at this link.



Subjects: COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › United States (See also state listings under U.S.), COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › United States (See also state listings under U.S.) › American Northeast, INFECTIOUS DISEASE › VECTOR-BORNE DISEASES › Mosquito-Borne Diseases › Yellow Fever, U.S.: CONTENT OF PUBLICATIONS BY STATE › New York
  • 10068

A treatise on the materia medica, intended as a sequel to the Pharmacopoeia of the United States: Being an account of the origin, qualities and medical uses of the articles and compounds, which constitute that work, with their modes of prescription and administration.

Boston, MA: Charles Ewer, 1822.

Bigelow, who with Lyman Spalding, was largely responsible for the creation and publication in 1820 of the first U.S. pharmacopeia, published this valuable explanatory and supplementary volume two years later. It was probably essential reading for most users of the first U.S. pharamcopeia. Digital facsimile from the Internet Archive at this link.



Subjects: COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › United States (See also state listings under U.S.), PHARMACOLOGY › Pharmacopeias
  • 10070

Traité de physiologie appliquée à la pathologie. 2 vols.

Paris: Aux Bureau des Annales de la Médecine Physiologique & Mlle Delaunay, Libraire, 18221823.

Broussais was the inventor of "physiological medicine", a crucial step in the development of modern scientific medicine. (Ackerknecht, Bull. Hist. Med. 27, 320). Translated into English by John Bell and R. La Roche as A treatise on physiology applied to pathology, Philadelphia: H. C. Carey and I. Lea, 1826. Digital facsimile of the French edition from the Internet Archive at this link, of the English translation, also from the Internet Archive at this link.



Subjects: PATHOLOGY, PHYSIOLOGY
  • 10751

A narrative of the life and medical discoveries of Samuel Thomson: Containing an account of his system of practice, and the manner of curing disease with vegetable medicine, upon a plan entirely new; to which is added an introduction to his New Guide to Health, or Botanic Family Physician containing the principles upon which the system is founded, with remarks on fevers, steaming, poison &c.

Boston, MA: Printed for the Author by E. G. House, 1822.

Thomson issued this introductory work shortly before publication of his New Guide. Three issues appeared in 1822: one with 180 pages, another with 182 pages including testimonials, and a 204 page issue with the introduction to the New Guide included. Digital facsimile of the 1825 second edition from U.S. National Library of Medicine at this link.



Subjects: ALTERNATIVE, Complimentary & Pseudomedicine, BOTANY › Ethnobotany, Household or Self-Help Medicine, NATIVE AMERICANS & Medicine, PHARMACOLOGY › PHARMACEUTICALS › Materia medica / Herbals / Herbal Medicines
  • 11738

The miscellaneous tracts of the late William Withering. To which is prefixed a memoir of his life, character and writings. 2 vols.

London: Longman, Hurst, Rees, Orme, and Brown, 1822.

Withering's collected works, with the exception of his A botanical arrangement of all the the vegetables naturally growing in the Great Britain. Includes the second edition of his monograph on the foxglove. Digital facsimile from Google Books at this link.



Subjects: Collected Works: Opera Omnia, INFECTIOUS DISEASE, PHARMACOLOGY › PHARMACEUTICALS › Botanic Sources of Single Component Drugs › Digitalis
  • 11901

Voyage pittoresque autour du monde avec des portraits de sauvages d'Amérique, d'Asie, d'Afrique, et des îles du Grand Océan: Des paysages, des vues maritimes, et plusieurs objets d'histoire naturelle; accompagné de descriptions par M. le baron Cuvier, et M. A. de Chamisso, et d'observations sur les crânes humains, part M. le docteur Gall. Par M. Louis Choris, Peintre.

Paris: De l'Imprimerie de Firmin Didot, 1822.

Choris was the artist aboard the Rurik, 1815-18, commanded by Otto von Kotzebue. After visiting islands in the South Seas, Kotzebue explored the North American coast and landed twice in the Hawaiian Islands. Choris's work, illustrated with 104 plates, is of particular interest for the outstanding images, and includes scientific information by Cuvier, Chamisso, and Gall. The book was issued in 22 parts. Buyers had the option of ordering the plates in black & white, the plates partially colored and partially uncolored, or with the plates entirely colored.

Digital facsimile from Biodiversity Heritage Library at this link.



Subjects: VOYAGES & Travels by Physicians, Surgeons & Scientists
  • 12497

Travels along the Mediterranean, and parts adjacent; in the company with the Earl of Belmore, during the years 1816-17-18: Extending as far as the second cataract of the Nile, Jerusalem, Damascus, Balbec &c. &c. 2 vols.

London: T. Cadell, 1822.

Digital facsimile from the Internet Archive at this link.



Subjects: COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › Africa, COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › Israel, COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › Middle East, COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › Syria, VOYAGES & Travels by Physicians, Surgeons & Scientists
  • 4448

Case of removal of a portion of the lower maxillary bone.

Amer. Med. Recorder, 6, 516-17, 1823.

Deaderick resected a portion of the jaw in 1810. He wrote this paper to obtain priority over Mott (No. 4447).



Subjects: ORTHOPEDICS › Orthopedic Surgery & Treatments › Amputations: Excisions: Resections
  • 669

Recherches chimiques sur les corps gras d’origine animale.

Paris: F. G. Levrault, 1823.

A classic study of animal fats. Chevreul discovered that fats are composed of fatty acids and glycerol.



Subjects: BIOCHEMISTRY
  • 1317

De nervi sympathetici humani fabrica usu et morbis.

Paris: F. G. Levrault, 1823.

Includes description of “Lobstein’s ganglion”, an accessory ganglion of the sympathetic nerve above the diaphragm. English translation, 1831.



Subjects: NEUROSCIENCE › NERVOUS SYSTEM › Peripheral Autonomic Nervous System
  • 1391

Recherches physiques sur les propriétés et les fonctions du système nerveux dans les animaux vertébrés.

Arch. gén. Med., 2, 321-70., 1823.

Flourens removed the cerebrum and cerebellum in pigeons, showing maintenance of reflexes with loss of cerebration in the former case and disturbance of equilibrium in the latter case. Thus he demonstrated that the cerebrum is the organ of thought and the cerebellum the organ controlling the co-ordination of body movements and of will-power. See Nos. 1388 & 1493. Digital facsimile from Google Books at this link.



Subjects: NEUROSCIENCE › NERVOUS SYSTEM › Brain, including Medulla: Cerebrospinal Fluid
  • 1735

Elements of medical jurisprudence. 2 vols.

Albany, NY: Websters & Skinners, 1823.

First notable American text on forensic medicine.



Subjects: Forensic Medicine (Legal Medicine)
  • 3057

Observations sur l’état des veines dans les infiltrations des membres.

J. Physiol. exp. path, 3, 89-93., 1823.

Description of venous obstruction and edema.



Subjects: CARDIOLOGY › CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE › Venous Disease
  • 3881

Observations sur les maladies de l’appendice sus-sphenoïdal (glande pituitaire) du cerveau.

Arch. gén. Méd., 3, 350-67., 1823.

Includes description of pituitary obesity.



Subjects: ENDOCRINOLOGY › Pituitary
  • 3433.1

Extirpation of the parotid gland.

Baltimore phil. J.& Rev., 1, 165-183, 1823.

Although Béclard and possibly others may have extirpated the parotid before Davidge, this was the first published case.



Subjects: SURGERY: General
  • 4851.1

Case reports: From injuries of the head.

Transylvania. J. Med., 1, 9-40, 1823.

Dudley was for many years the leading surgeon on the western frontier of the United States. This paper reports the first operations on the brain performed in the United States. Three of the five patients were relieved of their symptoms.



Subjects: NEUROSURGERY › Head Injuries, U.S.: CONTENT OF PUBLICATIONS BY STATE › Kentucky
  • 4312
  • 5741.1

Chirurgie clinique de Montpellier. 2 vols.

Paris: Gabon, 18231828.

Delpech's work includes the first account of rhinoplasty in France. On 4 June 1823, Delpech performed the first of six cases of rhinoplasty by the Indian forehead flap method, and one (unsuccessful) with a flap from the arm following von Graefe (No. 5738). Delpech also was the first to restore the lower lip by means of a skin graft from the throat.

Delpech devoted pp. 147-231 of vol. 1 to Considerations sur la difformité appelé pied-bots. In this he described on pp. 184-192 the beneficial effect of section of the tendo Achillis for club-foot; he performed the operation on May 9, 1816, and although not first to do so, he was the first to demonstrate the value of tenotomy in the correction of contracture deformities of the extremities.

 

 



Subjects: ORTHOPEDICS › Orthopedic Surgery & Treatments › Foot / Ankle, PLASTIC & RECONSTRUCTIVE SURGERY › Rhinoplasty, Podiatry
  • 5844

A treatise on the diseases of the eye.

Baltimore, MD: F. Lucas jnr, 1823.

First American textbook of ophthalmology by the first American who is believed to have restricted his practice to diseases of the eye. Frick studied under Georg Beer in Vienna.



Subjects: OPHTHALMOLOGY , OPHTHALMOLOGY › Diseases of the Eye
  • 5845

Lectures on the operative surgery of the eye.

London: Burgess & Hill, 1823.

Guthrie founded the Royal Westminster Ophthalmic Hospital, London, in 1816. He was the earliest teacher of the subject in the British Isles. The above includes important work on the artificial pupil.



Subjects: OPHTHALMOLOGY › Ocular Surgery & Procedures
  • 6273

An essay on the proximate cause of the disease called phlegmasia dolens.

Med.-chir. Trans., 12, 419-60, 1823.

Davis was the first to state that phlegmasia alba dolens was due to inflammation of the veins. He was physician-accoucheur at the birth of Queen Victoria.



Subjects: OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › OBSTETRICS › Puerperal Fever
  • 6584.9

A military journal during the American Revolutionary War, from 1775-1783…

Boston, MA: Richardson & Lord, 1823.

The first American medical historian, Thacher gave the best contemporary account of medicine during the Revolutionary War, as well as an important history of the war in general. See No. 6710.



Subjects: American (U.S.) REVOLUTIONARY WAR MEDICINE › History of U.S. Revolutionary War Medicine, COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › United States (See also state listings under U.S.), MILITARY MEDICINE & HYGIENE › History of Military Medicine
  • 1492.1
  • 160

Commentatio de examine physiologico organi visus et systematis cutanei.

Wroclaw (Vratislava, Breslau): typis Universitatis, 1823.

Purkynĕ was first to examine the interior of the human eye and the dog eye, using only a candle and a concave spherical lens. He thus invented the ophthalmoscope three decades before Helmholtz (1851; No. 5866). Reprinted in his Opera (No. 82), 1918,1, 163-94. English trans. in John, Jan Evangelista Purkyne, Philadelphia, 1959. See Albert & Miller, Jan Purkinje and the ophthalmoscope, Amer. J. Ophth., 1973, 76, 494-99.

Purkynĕ was also the first to classify fingerprints. Reprinted in his Opera omnia (No. 82), vol. 1, pp. 163-94, 1918. English translation in John, Jan Evangelista Purkynĕ, Philadelphia, 1959.



Subjects: DERMATOLOGY, INSTRUMENTS & TECHNOLOGIES › Medical Instruments › Ophthalmoscope, OPHTHALMOLOGY › Ophthalmoscopy, OPHTHALMOLOGY › Physiology of Vision
  • 7242

Planches anatomiques du corps humain executes d’après les dimensions naturelles. Double elephant folio atlas and small folio text.

Paris: Imprimerie lithographique de R. Brégeaut; C. de Lasteyrie, 18231826.

Considering that it is among the rarest of all anatomies, and certainly the largest and probably the most spectacular, it is remarkable that two nearly identical editions of Mascagni’s posthumous life-size anatomy were published almost simultaneously. The present lithographed edition was issued between 1823 and 1826 by Mascagni's literary executor and Napoleon's physician at St. Helena, Francesco Antommarchi. An edition with engraved plates was also published in Pisa under the title Anatomia universa (1823-32) (G-M 409.1).



Subjects: ANATOMY › 19th Century, ANATOMY › Anatomical Illustration, ART & Medicine & Biology
  • 7254

Reliquiae diluvianae; or, observations on the organic remains contained in caves, fissures, and diluvial gravel, and on other geological phenomena, attesting the action of an universal deluge.

London: John Murray, 1823.

Buckland’s elaborately illustrated Reliquiae diluvianae (Relics of the Flood) describes his geological and paleontological researches of the early 1820s, including his investigations of the Kirkdale and Paviland caves in Great Britain. His excavation of the Paviland Cave (Goat’s Hole) in Wales is notable for his discovery of a partial human skeleton covered in red ochre and accompanied by mammoth fossils and some bone and ivory ornaments. This find, which became known as the "Red Lady of Paviland," was later recognized as the first discovery of modern human fossil remains found in Europe. However, despite the proximity of the headless skeleton to the fossils of an extinct animal, Buckland identified the human remains as “anterior to, or coeval with, the Roman invasion of this country” (p. 92). This was in part due to his allegiance to catastrophist thought, as propounded by Cuvier, which held that human beings had not appeared on earth until after “geological deluge.” 



Subjects: COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › England (United Kingdom), EVOLUTION › Human Origins / Human Evolution
  • 7361

Medical jurisprudence. 3 vols.

London: W. Phillips, 1823.

Digital facsimile from Google Books at this link.



Subjects: Forensic Medicine (Legal Medicine)
  • 8798

Manners and customs of several Indian tribes located west of the Mississippi; including some account of the soil, climate, and vegetable productions, and the Indian materia medica: to which is prefixed the history of the author's life during a residence of several years among them.

Philadelphia: Printed and Published for the Author, by J. Maxwell, 1823.

Hunter claimed that as a child he had been captured by the Cherokee before they came to Texas. He adopted the name of an English benefactor, John Dunn, and later added the name "Hunter" given by the Indians because of his prowess in the chase. Although he lived with the Cherokee until about 1816, he received a fairly good education and traveled considerably through the United States and England.  Chapter 14: "Residence, dress, painting, food, dseases, treatment of the sick, disposal of the dead, mournings, &c." Chapter 15: "Observations on the materia medica of the Indians." Chapter 16: "Observations on the Indian practice of surgery and medicine." Digital facsimile from the Internet Archive at this link.



Subjects: ANTHROPOLOGY › Medical Anthropology, COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › United States (See also state listings under U.S.), COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › United States (See also state listings under U.S.) › American West, NATIVE AMERICANS & Medicine
  • 9579

Bibliothek de Veterinairkunde.

Berlin: F. Dümmler, 1823.

An early attempt at a bibliography of the literature of veterinary medicine, including historical works. Strangely, the author cited publication dates only by their last 3 digits, thus 1800 is printed as 800, etc. Digital facsimile from the Bayerische Staatsbibliothek at this link.



Subjects: BIBLIOGRAPHY › Bibliographies of Veterinary Medicine, VETERINARY MEDICINE, VETERINARY MEDICINE › History of Veterinary Medicine
  • 10503

Chronik der Seuchen in Verbindung mit der gleichzeitigen Vorgängen in der physischen Welt und in der Geschichte der Menschen. Erster Theil vom Anfang der Geschichte bis in die Mitte des fünfzehnten Jahrhunderts. Zeiter Theil von der Mitte des fünzehnten Jahrhunderts bis auf die neuste Zeit. (2 vols.)

Tübingen: Christian Friedrich Osiander, 18231825.

Digital facsimile from the Internet Archive at this link.



Subjects: EPIDEMIOLOGY
  • 12860

Reflexiones sobre la importancia de conservar la dentadura y manejo necesario al efecto: En lo que se incluyen una explicacion de los principios teoricos de dentista, y un método practico de curacion en casos de abandono.

Mexico: Imprenta de Lorrain, 1823.

In addition to his dental training Parrott was a merchant, businessman, consult to Mexico (1834-1836) and confidential U.S. agent to Mexico during 1845-1848, the period of the Mexican-American War.  This 72 page booklet was the first separate publication on dentistry printed in Mexico. Digital facsimile from wellcomecollection.org at this link.



Subjects: COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › Mexico, DENTISTRY
  • 4449

Case of osteo-sarcoma of the superior maxillary bone, with the operation for its removal.

N.Y. med. phys. J., 3, 301-03, 1824.

Rogers removed nearly all of the upper jaw. Operation performed in 1810.



Subjects: ONCOLOGY & CANCER › Sarcoma › Osteosarcoma, ORTHOPEDICS › Orthopedic Surgery & Treatments › Amputations: Excisions: Resections
  • 319

Histoire naturelle des mammifères. 4 vols.

Paris: Belin & Blaise, 18241842.

Digital facsimile from Biodiversity Heritage Library at this link.



Subjects: ZOOLOGY, ZOOLOGY › Illustration, ZOOLOGY › Mammalogy
  • 987

On the nature of the acid and saline matters usually existing in the stomachs of animals.

Phil. Trans., 114, 45-49, 1824.

Proof that the gastric juice contains free hydrochloric acid.



Subjects: BIOCHEMISTRY, GASTROENTEROLOGY › Anatomy & Physiology of Digestion
  • 474.1

Deuxième mémoire sur la génération. Rapports de l’oeuf avec la liqueur fécondante. Phénomènes appréciables, résultant de leur action mutuelle. Développement de l’oeuf des Batraciens.

Ann. Sci. nat. (Paris), 2, 100-120, 129-49., Paris, 1824.

Prévost and Dumas proved that the frog egg is fertilized by the entry of spermatozoa.



Subjects: EMBRYOLOGY
  • 4796

Considérations sur une espèce de paralysie qui affecte particulièrement les aliénés. Thèse [pour le doctorat en médecin] No. 224

Paris: De L'Imprimerie de Didot le jeune, 1824.

Delaye, a pupil of Esquirol, selected for his thesis the subject of “incomplete general paralysis of the insane”, which he differentiated from other forms of paralysis. He recorded the early signs of the disease, emphasizing the speech disturbance. Digital facsimile from Google Books at this link.



Subjects: NEUROLOGY › Paralysis, PSYCHIATRY
  • 108

Recherches anatomiques et physiologiques sur la structure intime des animaux et des végétaux.

Paris: J.-B. Baillière, 1824.


Subjects: BIOLOGY, BOTANY
  • 1493

Recherches expérimentales sur les propriétés et les fonctions du système nerveux, dans les animaux vertébrés.

Paris: Crevot, 1824.

Experimental proof that vision depends on the integrity of the cerebral cortex. See No. 1391 for his first paper on the subject. Partial English translation in von Bonin, Some papers on the cerebral cortex, Springfield: Charles C Thomas, 1960.



Subjects: Neurophysiology, OPHTHALMOLOGY › Physiology of Vision
  • 1494

Description of a small muscle of the internal commissure of the eyelids.

Philad. J. med. phys. Sci., 8, 70-80, 1824.

Homer described the tensor tarsi (Horner’s) muscle, supplying the lacrimal apparatus. It was first described by Du Verney in 1749



Subjects: OPHTHALMOLOGY › Anatomy of the Eye & Orbit
  • 2606

De tumoribus praeter naturam. In his Opera omnia, ed. cur. C.G. Kühn. 7, 705-32.

Leipzig: C. Cnobloch, 1824.

Galen’s classification of tumors persisted for more than 1,000 years. He considered neoplasms to be due to an excess of black bile, which solidified in certain sites. He advocated purges to dissolve the black bile, and if these were unsuccessful, the knife. He was not familiar with internal tumors. Critical edition and English translation by J. Reedy, Diss, (not published,) University of Michigan, 1968.



Subjects: ANCIENT MEDICINE › Roman Empire, ONCOLOGY & CANCER
  • 2531

Origines contagii.

Karlsruhe & Baden: D. R. Marx, 1824.

History of contagious disease in the ancient world through readings from the texts. A supplementary “Additamenta” was published in 1826. Digital facsimile of the 1824 edition from the Internet Archive at this link.



Subjects: ANCIENT MEDICINE › Egypt › History of Ancient Medicine in Egypt, ANCIENT MEDICINE › Greece › History of Ancient Medicine in Greece, ANCIENT MEDICINE › Roman Empire › History of Medicine in the Roman Empire, INFECTIOUS DISEASE › History of Infectious Disease
  • 3112

History of a case of anaemia.

Trans. Med.-Chir. Soc. Edinb., 1, 194-204., 1824.

First description of pernicious anemia. Paper read May 1, 1822.



Subjects: HEMATOLOGY › Anemia & Chlorosis
  • 3561

Observations pour servir à l’histoire des inflammations de l’appendice du caecum.

Arch. gén. Méd., 5, 246-50., 1824.

Report of two cases of fatal peritonitis due to perforation of the appendix. Of this paper, H. A. Kelly says, “It at once established a definite place for lesions of the appendix in the category of recognized diseases”.



Subjects: SURGERY: General › Appendicitis
  • 3730

Beobachtungen Über den Nutzen des Berger Leberthrans (Oleum jecoris Aselli, von Gadus asellus L.)

Arch. med. Erfahr., 2, 79-92., 1824.

First report of the value of cod-liver oil in the treatment of rickets.



Subjects: NUTRITION / DIET › Deficiency Diseases › Rickets, PHARMACOLOGY › PHARMACEUTICALS › Cod Liver Oil
  • 2945

Account of an operation for the extirpation of a tumour in which a ligature was applied to the carotid artery.

New Engl. J. Med. Surg., 13, 357-60, 1824.

Cogswell ligated the primitive carotid on Nov. 4, 1803.



Subjects: VASCULAR SURGERY › Ligations
  • 3434

Extirpation de la parotide.

Arch. gén. Méd., 4, 60-66, 1824.

First excision of the parotid, 1823.



Subjects: SURGERY: General
  • 5022

A practical essay on typhous fever.

New York: E. Bliss & E. White, 1824.

Nathan Smith left a classic account of typhoid; this was reprinted in Med. Classics, 1937, 1, 781-819 He clearly recognized the contagious nature of the disease.



Subjects: INFECTIOUS DISEASE › Salmonellosis › Typhoid Fever
  • 6025

Ueber den Gebärmutterkrebs, dessen Entstehung und Verhütung.

Berlin: F. Dümmler, 1824.

Classic account of cancer of the uterus.



Subjects: OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › GYNECOLOGY, ONCOLOGY & CANCER
  • 5647

A letter on suspended animation, containing experiments showing that it may be safely employed during operations on animals, with a view of ascertaining its probable utility in surgical operations on the human subject.

Ironbridge, England: W. Smith, 1824.

Hickman was the first to prove that the pain of surgical operations could be abolished by the inhalation of a gas. He rendered animals unconscious, first through partial asphyxiation by the exclusion of air, then by inhalation of carbon dioxide. He amputated limbs without pain and with good surgical results. His work, the first in the field of surgical anesthesia, was received with apathy, and no use was made of it. His “Letter” was reissued in the Hickman centenary volume, published by the Wellcome Historical Medical Museum, London, 1930.



Subjects: ANESTHESIA
  • 145.56
  • 1991
  • 598.1

De l’influence des agens physiques sur la vie.

Paris: Crochard, 1824.

Edwards studied the influence of environmental factors on animal life, concluding that vital processes depend on external physical and chemical forces but are not entirely controlled by them. The work includes an account of Edwards’ important experimental work regarding the effect of light on the body. Digital facsimile from Google Books at this link.  For the English translation by Thomas Hodgkin, with important additional material by Hodgkin and others see No. 12197.

 



Subjects: BIOLOGY › Ecology / Environment, PHYSIOLOGY › Environmental Physiology
  • 4511

De tremore, palpitatione, convulsione, et rigore. IN: Opera omnia ed. cur. C.G. Kühn, cur 7, 584-642.

Leipzig: C. Cnobloch, 1824.

Complete English translation by D. Sider and M. McVaugh in Trans. stud. Coll. Phys. Phila., 1979, 1, 183-210.



Subjects: ANCIENT MEDICINE › Roman Empire, NEUROLOGY › Diseases of the Nervous System
  • 8410

Bibliotheca Britannica, or, A general index to British and foreign literature. 4 vols.

Edinburgh: Archibald Constable & London: Longman, Hurst..., 1824.

This bio-bibliographical encyclopedia of English and foreign literature includes many articles on physicians from the ancient world up to Watt's time, and is an extraordinary achievement for one man. Typically the first sentence summarizes the author's life and death, followed by listing of writings more or less detailed. Watt's comments on specific editions and translations indicate a remarkable familiarity with the history of medical literature, and occasionally with the rarity of certain editions. The work has been estimated to include citations of more than 200,000 books, pamphlets and periodicals on the widest range of subjects. The first and second volumes contain an alphabetical listing of over 40,000 authors and their biographical details. Full length titles of works, date and place of publication, and information on translations and subsequent editions are provided for each author. The entries covering the earliest printed texts contain details of British and foreign printers. Volumes three and four provide an encyclopedic index to volumes one and two. The works are listed within 30,000 subject areas, in chronological order of publication. Subjects, authors and titles are fully cross-referenced using an ingenious indexing system. Robert Watt devoted 25 years of his life to the Bibliotheca's compilation. He studied classical languages and philosophy at Glasgow University. Later he became a student of anatomy and theology at Edinburgh, and practised as a physician. His interest in the history of medicine led him to begin compiling the Bibliotheca, which he extended to include works on law, history, language, philosophy, science, technology, travel and geography, and classical literature. Digital facsimile from the Hathi Trust at this link.



Subjects: BIBLIOGRAPHY › Bibliographical Classics, BIOGRAPHY (Reference Works), Encyclopedias
  • 9484

American entomology, or descriptions of the insects of North America. Illustrated by coloured figures from original drawings executed from nature. 3 vols.

Philadelphia: Samuel Augustus Mitchell, 18241828.

Plates by Titian Ramsay Peale, H. Bridport, C. A. Lesueur, W. W. Wood, and C. Tiebout; engraved by Tiebout, G. Lang, and Longacre. Digital facsimile from the Internet Archive at this link.



Subjects: COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › United States (See also state listings under U.S.), NATURAL HISTORY › Illustration, ZOOLOGY › Arthropoda › Entomology
  • 9531

Reise im Norden Europa's, vorzüglich in Island: in den Jahren 1820 bis 1821. 2 vols.

Leipzig: Carl Heinrich Reclam, 18241827.

Digital facsimile from Google Books at this link.



Subjects: COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › Iceland, VOYAGES & Travels by Physicians, Surgeons & Scientists
  • 10184

Recherches pour server à l'histoire des maladies du système lymphatique.

Archives de Médecine, 6, 508-510., 1824.

First description of lymphangitis carcinomatosa. See L. Doyle, "Gabriel Andral (1797-1876) and the first reports of lymphangitis carcinomatosa," Journal of the Royal Society of Medicine, 82 (1989) 491-93.



Subjects: ONCOLOGY & CANCER
  • 11156

A practical treatise on the diseases of the skin, comprehending an account of such facts as have been recorded on these subjects, with original observations. The whole arranged with a view to illustrate the constitutional causes of these diseases, as well as their local characters.

London: Underwood, 1824.

Plumbe was one of the most outspoken critics of Willan and Bateman’s morphological system of skin disease classification. In his Practical Treatise he was the first dermatologist to attempt to produce a classification of skin diseases based on etiology. [Plumbe] "attempted to organize his material according to the ‘constitutional causes’ of each disease, along with ‘due consideration of the organic structure and physiology of the part of the skin on which it is seated’ . . . Along with the conflicts between the champions of the morphologic and etiologic approaches to the study of skin diseases, another development of the future was anticipated in the work of Samuel Plumbe—the introduction of anatomic evidence on the macroscopic level in the support of theories of pathogenesis . . . In the next decade [Plumbe’s] anatomic methods and habits of thought were picked up by Erasmus Wilson, improved and incorporated into the British dermatologic ethos well enough to allow the transition to the cellular theories of disease to be made more smoothly in Britain than it was in France, where efforts of the same nature on the part of Pierre Rayer were ignored” (Crissy and Parrish, pp. 34-36). Plumbe was the first to perform manual epilation (hair removal) as part of the treatment for diseases of the scalp. The frontispiece of the Practical Treatise illustrates Plumbe’s division of skin diseases into five major categories; the engraved image is printed in reddish ink with other colors added by hand. Crissy and Parrish, The Dermatology and Syphilology of the Nineteenth Century, pp. 34-37. 



Subjects: DERMATOLOGY
  • 11315

Report on the state of the anatomical museum of the University of Pennsylvania, 30th June, 1824.

Philadelphia: Published by Order of the Trustees, 1824.

This 36-page pamphlet is the earliest printed record of Caspar Wispar's museum collection. It was augmented by William Horner, whom Wistar appointed to manage the collection. The combined collections beame known as the Wistar and Horner Museum. Later the collections were managed by Joseph Leidy. In 1892 they became the fondation of the Wistar Institute, the first independent medical research facility in the United States. Digital facsimile from the U.S. National Library of Medicine at this link.



Subjects: MUSEUMS › Medical, Anatomical & Pathological , U.S.: CONTENT OF PUBLICATIONS BY STATE › Pennsylvania
  • 11599

Original cases with dissections and observations illustrating the use of the stethoscope and percussion in the diagnosis of diseases of the chest:Also commentaries on the same subjects selected and translated from Auenbrugger, Corvisart, Laennec and others. By John Forbes.

London: T. and G. Underwood, 1824.

This is the earliest English work on the stethoscope. It "includes the first English translation of Auenbrugger's book on percussion, selected sections from Laennec's book on auscultation, and detailed reports from 39 cases from Forbes's practice in which ascultation and percussion were especially helpful" (W. Bruce Fye). Digital facsimile from the Wellcomcollection.org at this link.



Subjects: CARDIOLOGY › Tests for Heart & Circulatory Function › Auscultation and Physical Diagnosis, INSTRUMENTS & TECHNOLOGIES › Medical Instruments › Stethoscope, PHYSICAL DIAGNOSIS › Percussion
  • 11908

Voyage autour du monde, entrepris par ordre du Roi, sous le Ministère et conformément aux instructions de S. Exc. M. le Vicomte du Bouchage, Secrétaire d'État au Département de la Marine, exécuté sur les corvettes de S. M. l'Uranie et la Physicienne, pendant les années 1817, 1818, 1819 et 1820; Publié sous les auspices de S. E. M. Le Comte Corbière, Secrétaire d'État de l'Intérieur, pour la partie historique et les sciences naturelles, et de S.E.M. Le Marquis de Clermont-Tonnerre, Secrétaire d'État de la Marine et des Colonies, pour la partie nautique, par M. Louis de Freycinet. 7 vols [in 10] & Atlas in 4 vols.

Paris: Chez Pillet Aîné, 18241842.

In 1817 Freycinet commanded the Uranie, accompanied by marine hydrologist Louis Isidore Duperrey, the artist Jacques Arago, junior draughtsman Adrien Taunay the Younger and others, and a guard of seventeen officers. Freycinet sailed to Rio de Janeiro to take a series of pendulum measurements and to make observations, not only in geography and ethnology, but in astronomy, terrestrial magnetism, and meteorology, and for the collection of specimens in natural history. Freycinet also managed to sneak his wife Rose de Freycinet aboard.

For three years, Freycinet cruised about the Pacific, visiting Australia, the Mariana Islands, Hawaiian Islands, and other Pacific islands, South America, and other places, and, notwithstanding the loss of the Uranie on the Falkland Islands during the return voyage, returned to France with fine collections in all departments of natural history, and with voluminous notes and drawings of the countries visited.

The set consists of:

1. Historique par L. de Freycinet.  2  vols. plus Atlas of 113 plates), 1825-29.

2. Recherches sur les langues des sauvages. 

3. Zoologie, par MM. Quoy et Gaimard. 1 vol. plus Atlas of 96 plates.

4. Botanique. Par M. C. Gaudichaud. 1 vol. plus Atlas of 120 plates.

5. Observations du pendule et de magnétisme. 

6. Météorologie 1 vol.

7. Hydrographie. 1 vol. plus Atlas de 22 plates.

 Digital facsimile from Biodiversity Heritage Library at this link.



Subjects: BOTANY, VOYAGES & Travels by Physicians, Surgeons & Scientists, ZOOLOGY
  • 12861

Système dentaire des mammifères et des oiseaux, sous le point de vue de la composition et de la détermination de chaque sorte de ses parties, embrassant sous de nouveaux rapports les principaux faites de l'organisation dentaire chez l'homme.

Paris: Chez Crevot, 1824.

Digital facsimile from Google Books at this link.



Subjects: COMPARATIVE ANATOMY, DENTISTRY › Comparative Anatomy of the Mouth, Teeth & Jaws
  • 4450

On the amputation of the knee-joint.

Amer. med. Rev., 2, 370-71, 1825.

Smith amputated the knee-joint in 1824, being the first in America to do so.



Subjects: ORTHOPEDICS › Orthopedic Surgery & Treatments › Amputations: Excisions: Resections
  • 4618

Recherches cliniques propres à démontrer que la perte de la parole correspond à la lésion des lobules antérieurs du cerveau.

Arch. gén. Méd., 8, 25-45, 1825.

Classic account of aphasia. Bouillaud was the first to suggest that injuries of the frontal lobe were a cause of aphasia.



Subjects: NEUROLOGY › Aphasia, Agraphia, Agnosia
  • 987.1

A case of wounded stomach [by Joseph Lovell].

Medical Recorder, 8, 14-19, 840, 1825.

Beaumont’s first report on Alexis St. Martin was accidentally published under the name of Joseph Lovell, Surgeon-General of the U.S. Army. See No. 989.



Subjects: GASTROENTEROLOGY › Anatomy & Physiology of Digestion
  • 475

Ueber die Entwickelung der Eier im Eierstock bei den Gespenst-heuschrecken.

Nove Acta phys.-med. Acad. Caes. Leopold nat. curios., Bonn, 12, 553-672., 1825.

Discovery of the Müllerian duct.



Subjects: EMBRYOLOGY
  • 476

Symbolae ad ovi ovium historiam ante incubationem.

Wroclaw (Vratislava, Breslau): typ. Universitatis, 1825.

First description of the germinal vesicle in the embryo, “Purkynĕ’s vesicle” This is located on the spot of the yolk where the embryo develops. Later identified with the cell nucleus, this formed a bridge between the large avian egg and the small ova of other animals, stimulating the researches of von Baer (No. 477). Reprinted in his Opera selecta, Prague, 1948, pp. 1-25; 2nd ed. Leipzig, L. Voss, 1830, reprinted in his Opera omnia, vol. 1, pp. 195-218. English translation of 2nd ed., in Essays in biology in honor of Herbert M. Evans (1943).



Subjects: EMBRYOLOGY
  • 2210
  • 3813
  • 4522

Collections from the unpublished writings of the late Caleb Hillier Parry. 3 vols.

London: Underwoods , 1825.

Includes Parry’s interesting description of eight cases of exophthalmic goitre, the first of which was observed in 1786, and his notes on four cases of angina pectoris. Parry's paper, "Enlargement of the thyroid gland in connection with enlargement or palpitation of the heart," appears in vol. 2, pp. 111-129. This is classic account of exophthalmic goitre. Although Graves and Basedow have both been credited with the first description of the condition, giving their names to it, Osler called attention to the priority of Parry’s claim, and it is now sometimes referred to as “Parry’s disease”. Garrison says that Parry first noted the condition in 1786; he briefly reported it in his Elements of pathology and therapeutics, 1815. Reprinted in Med. Classics, 1940, 5, 8-30. See No. 2210.

Parry was a copious note-taker, and many of these notes are here published for the first time. His careful records of many years’ observation in practice were intended to form a large work, Elements of pathology and therapeutics, of which only the first volume appeared, in 1815; this was republished, together with the unfinished vol. 2, in 1825. In vol. 1, pp. 478-80 Parry was the first to record cases of facial hemiatrophy.

This posthumous work was seen through the press by Parry's son, the physician and writer Charles Henry Parry, who added the following supplementary volume, which is not always noticed: Introductory Essays to Collections from the unpublished Medical Writings of the late Caleb Hillier Parry, M.D.,  also published in 1825. 



Subjects: CARDIOLOGY, CARDIOLOGY › CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE › Coronary Artery Disease › Angina Pectoris, ENDOCRINOLOGY › Thyroid , NEUROLOGY › Diseases of the Nervous System
  • 766

Wellenlehre auf Experimente gegründet oder über die Wellen tropfbarer Flüssigkeiten mit Anwendung auf die Schall- und Lichtwellen.

Leipzig: Gerhard Fleischer, 1825.

The first work to apply hydrodynamics to the circulation of the blood.



Subjects: CARDIOLOGY › CARDIOVASCULAR PHYSIOLOGY
  • 1392

Mémoire sur un liquide qui se trouve dans le crâne et le canal vertebral de l’homme et des animaux mammifères.

J. Physiol. exp. path., 5, 27-37; 7, 1-29, 66-82., 1825, 1827.

First clear description of the cerebrospinal fluid.



Subjects: NEUROSCIENCE › NERVOUS SYSTEM › Brain, including Medulla: Cerebrospinal Fluid
  • 1393

Osservazioni sul cervelletto.

Mem. r. Accad. Sci. Torino, 29, 163-88., 1825.

Rolando was the first to investigate the functions of the cerebellum. His name is perpetuated in the “fissure of Rolando”, so named by F. Leuret, Anatomic comparée, 1839-57, whose attention had been drawn to it previously by Rolando.



Subjects: NEUROSCIENCE › NERVOUS SYSTEM › Brain, including Medulla: Cerebrospinal Fluid
  • 1696

Beiträge zur medizinischen Statistik un Staatsarzneikunde. 2 vols.

Berlin: F. Dümmler, 18251835.


Subjects: DEMOGRAPHY / Population: Medical Statistics
  • 2074

Wanderings in South America, the North-West of the United States, and the Antilles, in the years 1812, 1816, 1820, and 1824.

London: J. Mawman, 1825.

Waterton traveled to the Guyana region of South America to obtain curare. He provided a detailed description of its paralyzing effects, its preparation by distillation, and the blowpipe and darts used to deliver it. On his return to England Waterton conducted experiments with curare. His researches, in collaboration with veterinarian Wiliam Sewell and surgeon Benjamin Brodie, stimulated medical interest in the poison. One experiment that Waterton performed included resuscitating an animal poisoned with curare by blowing air into its lungs. This he tried at the suggestion of the natives who had supplied him with a few of their antidotes along with the poison. Reprinted, London, O. U. P., 1973, edited by L. H. Matthews. Digital facsimile from Google Books at this link.



Subjects: ANESTHESIA, COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › Caribbean, COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › South America, COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › United States (See also state listings under U.S.) › American Northwest, Resuscitation, TOXICOLOGY › Venoms, VOYAGES & Travels by Physicians, Surgeons & Scientists
  • 1494.1

Beobachtungen und Versuche zur Physiologie der Sinne. Neue Beiträge zur Kenntniss des Sehens in subjectiver Hinsicht. 2 vols.

Berlin: Reimer, 1825.

“Purkynĕ phenomenon” or “Purkynĕ shift”, a change in the apparent relative luminosity of colors in a dim light (scotopic vision) compared with that in full daylight (photopic vision). Also published in Rust’s Mag. ges. Heilk., 1825, 20, 3-83, 199-276, 391-423. See V. Kruta J.E. Purkynĕ, physiologist. A short account of his contributions… with a bibliography of his works. Prague: Academia Publishing House, 1969.



Subjects: OPHTHALMOLOGY › Physiology of Vision
  • 1736

System der psychisch-gerichtlichen Medizin, oder theoretisch-praktische Anweisung zur wissenschaftlichen Erkenntniss und gutachtlichen Darstellung der krankhaften persönlichen Zustände, welche vor Gericht in Betracht kommen.

Leipzig: C. H. F. Hartmann, 1825.

The first important work exclusively on medico-legal aspects of insanity. Digital facsimile from the Internet Archive at this link.



Subjects: Forensic Medicine (Legal Medicine), PSYCHIATRY › Forensic Psychiatry
  • 2674

An introduction to the use of the stethoscope.

Edinburgh: Maclachlan & Stewart, 1825.

Stokes, famous member of the Irish school of medicine, published the first systematic treatise on the use of the stethoscope – and this before his qualification at Edinburgh. His name is perpetuated in medical literature in connection with “Cheyne–Stokes respiration” and the “Stokes–Adams syndrome.”



Subjects: INSTRUMENTS & TECHNOLOGIES › Medical Instruments › Stethoscope, PHYSICAL DIAGNOSIS › Auscultation
  • 2946

Account of a case in which both carotids were successfully tied.

N. Y. med. phys. J., 4, 576, 1825.

In 1823 Macgill successfully ligated in continuity both primitive carotid arteries in the same subject within a month. He was the first American to do so.



Subjects: VASCULAR SURGERY › Ligations
  • 3221

Recherches anatomico-pathologiques sur la phthisis.

Paris: Gabon et Cie, 1825.

Louis’ researches were based on 358 dissections and 1,960 clinical cases, and included a numerical study of extra-pulmonary lesions. First edition in English, London, 1835. English translation, Boston, 1836. A translation of the 2nd edition was published by the Sydenham Society in 1844.



Subjects: DEMOGRAPHY / Population: Medical Statistics, INFECTIOUS DISEASE › Tuberculosis, PULMONOLOGY › Lung Diseases › Pulmonary Tuberculosis
  • 4024

Description des maladies de la peau. 2me. édition. 2 vols.

Paris: A. Wahlen, 1825.

Contains (vol. 2, p. 214) first description of sycosis barbae (“Alibert’s mentagra”).



Subjects: DERMATOLOGY › Specific Dermatoses
  • 5741.2

Mémoire sur la staphyloraphie, ou la suture du voile du palais.

Arch. gén. Méd., 7, 516-38, 1825.

Roux’s first detailed paper on his operation for cleft of the soft palate in which he first proposed the name, “staphylorrhaphy”. The greatly expanded edition in book form, Paris, Chaudé, 1825, was translated into German by Dieffenbach, Berlin, Enslin, 1826.



Subjects: PLASTIC & RECONSTRUCTIVE SURGERY › Cleft Lip & Palate
  • 5633

De l’emploi des chlorures d’oxide de sodium et de chaux.

Paris: Mme. Hazard, 1825.

First chlorine solution for disinfecting purposes. English translation, 1826.



Subjects: SURGERY: General › Antisepsis / Asepsis
  • 6026

Observations on extraction of diseased ovaria.

Edinburgh: D. Lizars, 1825.

Lizars performed the first (unsuccessful) ovariotomy in Britain. His book made generally known the practical possibility of this operation.



Subjects: OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › GYNECOLOGY › Oophorectomy
  • 6238

Geschichte eines mit ungünstigem Erfolge verrichteten Bauchscheidenschnitts und Folgerung daraus.

Heidelb. klin. Ann., 1, 263-77., 1825.

Ritgen first performed extraperitoneal Caesarean section in 1821.



Subjects: OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › OBSTETRICS › Caesarian Section
  • 6256

Das weibliche Becken.

Carlsruhe: C.F. Muller, 1825.


Subjects: OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › OBSTETRICS › Pelvis: Pelvic Anomalies
  • 6331

Treatise on the physical and medical treatment of children.

Philadelphia: H. C. Carey & I. Lea, 1825.

First American textbook on pediatrics.



Subjects: PEDIATRICS
  • 6374.15

Memoire on acupuncturation, embracing a series of cases drawn up under the inspection of M. Julius Cloquet, by M. Morand. Paris. 1825. Translated from the French by Franklin Bache.

Philadelphia: Robert Desilver, 1825.

The first American book on acupuncture, translated by the great grandson of Benjamin Franklin. Little is known about Morand; he refers to his teacher, Jules Germain Cloquet (1790-1883) throughout the text. Digital facsimile from the Internet Archive at this link. For Cloquet's work on acupuncture see No. 6829.



Subjects: ALTERNATIVE, Complimentary & Pseudomedicine › Acupuncture (Western References), PAIN / Pain Management
  • 6374.16

Mémoires sur l’électro-puncture, considerée comme moyen nouveau de traiter efficacement la goutte, les rheumatisme et les affections nerveuses…

Paris: L'Auteur, 1825.

The first treatise on electro-puncture – the only significant Western contribution to acupuncture, and one of the most widely used methods of acupuncture today.



Subjects: ALTERNATIVE, Complimentary & Pseudomedicine › Acupuncture (Western References), RHEUMATOLOGY › Gout (Podagra)
  • 6861

The characteristics of homoeopathia. From Hahnemann's "Geist der Homöopathischen Heil-lehre."

New York: J. & J. Harper, 1825.

The first publication on homeopathy issued in the United States— a translation of Hahnemann's essay. The 24-page pamphlet was dedicated to David Hosack of New York, and gratuitously distributed to leading physicians throughout the country, but it was written in such imperfect and obscure English that few were able to understand it. Digital facsimile from the National Library of Medicine at this link.



Subjects: ALTERNATIVE, Complimentary & Pseudomedicine › Homeopathy, COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › United States (See also state listings under U.S.), COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › United States (See also state listings under U.S.) › American Northeast
  • 7320

Observations on Italy.

Edinburgh: Blackwood, 1825.

Digital facsimile of the 1825 edition from the Internet Archive at this link. The second, posthumous, edition published in English in Naples by Fibreno in 1834 includes additional chapters by Bell that were not included in the first edition, as well as notes added by the translator of the edition in Italian. Digital facsimile of the 1834 edition from Google Books at this link.

 



Subjects: COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › Italy, VOYAGES & Travels by Physicians, Surgeons & Scientists
  • 7603

Catalogue of the anatomical museum in the College of Physicians and Surgeons, New York.

New York: J. W. Palmer & Co., 1825.

Digital facsimile from the Hathi Trust at this link.



Subjects: MUSEUMS › Medical, Anatomical & Pathological , U.S.: CONTENT OF PUBLICATIONS BY STATE › New York
  • 7702

An essay on Egyptian mummies; with observations on the art of embalming among the ancient Egyptians.

Phil. Trans., 115, 269-316, 1825.

Granville rapported histological observations of samples from a twenty-seventh dynasty Egyptian mummy that he dissected, and he illustrated disscted views of an ovarian cyst from that mummy. Digital facsimile from the Royal Society at this link.



Subjects: ANATOMY › Embalming, PATHOLOGY › Paleopathology
  • 8375

On the nature of the function expressive of the law of human mortality, and on a new mode of determining the value of life contingencies.

Phil. Trans., 115, 513-583., 1825.

Gompertz function. "Gompertz showed that over much of the adult human lifespan, age-specific mortality rates increased in an exponential manner. Gompertz's work played an important role in shaping the emerging statistical science that underpins the pricing of life insurance and annuities. Latterly, as the subject of ageing itself became the focus of scientific study, the Gompertz model provided a powerful stimulus to examine the patterns of death across the life course not only in humans but also in a wide range of other organisms. The idea that the Gompertz model might constitute a fundamental ‘law of mortality’ has given way to the recognition that other patterns exist, not only across the species range but also in advanced old age. Nevertheless, Gompertz's way of representing the function expressive of the pattern of much of adult mortality retains considerable relevance for studying the factors that influence the intrinsic biology of ageing" (http://rstb.royalsocietypublishing.org/content/370/1666/20140379, accessed 1-2017). Digital facsimile of the 1825 paper from the Royal Society at this link.



Subjects: COMPUTING/MATHEMATICS in Medicine & Biology, DEMOGRAPHY / Population: Medical Statistics, GERIATRICS / Gerontology / Aging
  • 9360

Opere. 6 vols.

Milan: Società tipogr. de' classici italiani, 18251826.

Digital facsimiles from the Internet Archive at this link.



Subjects: BIOLOGY, Collected Works: Opera Omnia
  • 9499

American ornithology; or, the natural history of birds inhabiting the United States, not given by Wilson. 4 vols.

Philadelphia: Carey, Lea & Carey, 18251828.

Bonaparte, nephew of Napoleon, set out to document birds in the United States that were not mentioned by Alexander Wilson.



Subjects: COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › United States (See also state listings under U.S.), ZOOLOGY › Ornithology
  • 10385

Igiene dé tipografi.

Torino: Dalla Tipografia Reale, 1825.

Probably the first separate publication on the diseases of printers and typesetters. Digital facsimile from Google Books at this link.



Subjects: OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH & MEDICINE
  • 10518

Medical facts and inquiries, respecting the causes, nature, prevention and cure of fever: more expressly in relation to the endemic fevers of summer and autumn in the southern states: Together with a history of the bilious remitting fever of Alabama, as it appeared in Cahawba and its vicinity in the summers and autumns of 1821 and 1822.

Cahawba, AL: Printed by William B. Allen, 1825.

Digital facsimile from the U.S. National Library of Medicine at this link.



Subjects: COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › United States (See also state listings under U.S.) › American South, EPIDEMIOLOGY, INFECTIOUS DISEASE › VECTOR-BORNE DISEASES › Mosquito-Borne Diseases › Malaria, U.S.: CONTENT OF PUBLICATIONS BY STATE › Alabama
  • 10580

Galerie médicale dessinée et lithographiée par Vigneron avec des notices biographiques et littéraires par G. T. Doin.

Paris: G. Engelmann, 18251829.

32 finely lithographed portraits in small folio format with biographies of notable figures in the history of medicine. The original intention was to publish 100 portraits but only 32 were issued.



Subjects: ART & Medicine & Biology, BIOGRAPHY (Reference Works)
  • 10744

Outlines of lectures on mental diseases.

Edinburgh: Printed for Daniel Lizars, 1825.

Of particular note for the greatly expanded second edition published in 1826. That edition contained 150 pages compared to 72 pages in the first edition. The second edition also contained 13 plates derived from images collected by Jean Esquirol, but published more than a decade before Esquirol published related images.

"In making a collection for this purpose, I have great pleasure in acknowledging my obligations to my friend Dr Esquirol of Paris, for his liberal permission to avail myself of his extensive collection of busts and drawings illustrative of the subjects ; and also to Dr. Sutherland, and to Mr. Wastell to London, for the facility afforded in selecting examples of different varieties, from a very large number of insane" (p.126).
 
"In March 1818, Morison travelled to Paris to meet Jean Étienne-Dominique Esquirol at the Salpêtrière. They corresponded for many years, Morison visited him on a further five occasions, and Esquirol subsequently sent students over to him. Morison visited a variety of Paris hospitals and was impressed with the French example that work could serve both as occupation and punishment. He noted the use of bath treatment with water to the head. He explored the theory of phrenology: he attended a lecture by Franz Joseph Gall and met with Johann Spurzheim, who told him he did not follow Esquirol’s classification of insanity."

Digital facsimile of the 1825 edition from Google Books at this link. Digital facsimile of the 1826 edition from the Internet Archive at this link.



Subjects: ART & Medicine & Biology, PSYCHIATRY
  • 11508

The last days of the Emperor Napoleon by Doctor F. Antommarchi, his physician. 2 vols.

London: Henry Colburn, 1825.

An account of Napoleon's final illness and the medical care that Napoleon received while emprisoned on the island of Saint Helena, by his physician. English and French language versions of this work were published in 1825. Digital facsimile from Google Books at this link.



Subjects: BIOGRAPHY (Reference Works) › Biographies of Individuals, MILITARY MEDICINE & HYGIENE › Napoleon's Campaigns & Wars
  • 11730

Report of the trial of an action: Charles Lowell against John Faxon and Micajah Hawks, doctors of medicine, defendants, for malpractice in the capacity of physicians and surgeons: At the Supreme Judicial Court of Maine, holden at Machias for the county of Washington, June term, 1824, before the Hon. Nathan Weston, Jun., justice of the court.

Portland, ME: Printed for J. Adams, 1825.

A detailed narrative on the trial based on the transcript. Digital facsimile from the U.S. National Library of Medicine at this link.



Subjects: LAW and Medicine & the Life Sciences › Malpractice, ORTHOPEDICS › Orthopedic Surgery & Treatments › Hip, U.S.: CONTENT OF PUBLICATIONS BY STATE › Maine
  • 11800

Histoire naturelle et médicale des sangsues, contenant la description anatomique des organes de la sangsue officinale, avec des considérations physiologiques sur ces organes; des notions très-étendues sur la conservation domestique de ce ver, sa reproduction, ses maladies, son application, etc.

Paris, 1825.

Digital facsimile from Biodiversity Heritage Library at this link.



Subjects: PARASITOLOGY › Marine Parasitology, THERAPEUTICS › Bloodletting, ZOOLOGY › Annelidology
  • 599

Die Physiologie als Erfahrungswissenschaft. Edited by Karl Friedrich Burdach. 6 vols.

Leipzig: Voss, 18261840.

Burdach’s great textbook of physiology was planned to run to 10 vols., but the death of his wife quenched his enthusiasm for the task. Parts of the text were written by von Baer, Rathke, Johannes Müller, R. Wagner and others, under the direction of Burdach. Von Baer’s contribution includes material also published the same year in Ueber Entwicklungsgeschichte der Thiere. Burdach’s unsatisfactory editing of it for Die Physiologie stimulated von Baer to have his own separate book published. See No. 479.



Subjects: EMBRYOLOGY, PHYSIOLOGY
  • 987.2

Further experiments on the case of Alexis San Martin, who was wounded in the stomach by a load of buckshot.

Medical Recorder, 9, 94-97, 1826.

In this and No. 987.1 Beaumont first described his revolutionary experiments on Alexis St. Martin. He continued these researches and published his monograph in 1833. See No. 989.



Subjects: GASTROENTEROLOGY › Anatomy & Physiology of Digestion
  • 988

Die Verdauung nach Versuchen. 2 vols.

Heidelberg: K. Groos, 18261827.

Confirmation of the work of Prout.



Subjects: GASTROENTEROLOGY › Anatomy & Physiology of Digestion
  • 4797

De la paralysie consideree chez les aliénés.

Paris: J.-B. Baillière, 1826.

Classic description of general paralysis. Calmeil’s work complements Bayle’s earlier delineation of general paralysis (No. 4795). Between the two of them they established the clinical picture of general paralysis of the insane, associating it with chronic inflammation of the brain. This was the first breakthrough in neuro-psychiatric research, and it gave psychiatry the spur to precise and systematic clinical, pathological, and statistical innovation on its own terms.



Subjects: NEUROLOGY › Paralysis › General Paresis, PSYCHIATRY
  • 1257
  • 1495

Zur vergleichenden Physiologie des Gesichtssinnes des Menschen und der Thiere.

Leipzig: C. Cnobloch, 1826.

Includes Müller’s law of specific nerve energies. For an English translation, see his Elements of physiology, transl. W. Baly, London, 1838, vol. 1, pp. 766-67. Includes (p. 73) his explanation of the color sensations produced by pressure upon the retina.



Subjects: NEUROSCIENCE › NERVOUS SYSTEM › Peripheral Nerves / Nerve Impulses, Neurophysiology, OPHTHALMOLOGY › Physiology of Vision
  • 1848.1

Sur une substance particulière contenue dans l’eau de la mer.

Ann. Chim. (Paris), 32, 337-81, 1826.

Isolation of bromine.



Subjects: Chemistry
  • 1456

Ueber die phantastischen Gesichtserscheinungen.

Coblenz: J. Hölscher, 1826.

Müller’s early studies on specific nerve energies are included in the above work. Later he stated, in his Handbuch der Physiologie, Coblenz, 1840, 2, 258, his law of specific nerve energies – each nerve of special sense, however excited, gives rise to its own peculiar sensation.



Subjects: Neurophysiology, PSYCHOLOGY › Sensation / Perception
  • 2284.1

The morbid anatomy of the human brain.

London: Printed for the Author, and Sold by Longmans, 1826.

Based on over 4000 autopsies performed over 30 years, and illustrated with fine hand-colored plates.



Subjects: NEUROLOGY › Neuropathology, PATHOLOGY, PATHOLOGY › Pathology Illustration
  • 3254

Observations on the surgical pathology of the larynx and trachea.

Dublin: Hodges & M’Arthur, 1826.

Porter was Professor of Surgery at the Royal College of Surgeons in Ireland. The above includes a description of “Porter’s sign”, tracheal tugging in aortic aneurysm.



Subjects: CARDIOLOGY › CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE › Aneurysms, OTORHINOLARYNGOLOGY (Ear, Nose, Throat) › Laryngology
  • 2947

Observation sur un cas de ligature de l’artère iliaque externe.

Repert, gén. Anat. Physiol. path., 2, 230-50, 1826.

Successful ligation of the external iliac, Oct. 16, 1815.



Subjects: VASCULAR SURGERY › Ligations
  • 3989

Traité théorique et pratique des maladies de la peau. 2 vols, and atlas.

Paris: J.-B. Baillière, 18261827.

A classic summary of dermatological literature of the period. Rayer first described adenoma sebaceum and xanthoma multiplex. He was the first to differentiate between acute and chronic eczema. The second edition, Paris, Baillière, 1835 includes an entirely new third volume of text and a much enlarged atlas of coloured plates. English translation, 1883.



Subjects: DERMATOLOGY, DERMATOLOGY › Specific Dermatoses › Adenoma Sebaceum, DERMATOLOGY › Specific Dermatoses › Dermatitis / Eczema, DERMATOLOGY › Specific Dermatoses › Xanthoma Multiplex
  • 4289

Sur la lithotritie ou broiement de la pierre dans la vessie.

Arch. gén. Méd., 10, 393-419., 1826.

Civiale invented a lithotriteur for crushing stones inside the bladder and was responsible for putting the operation of lithotrity upon a sound basis. His claim to have introduced the operation was opposed by Leroy d’Etoilles and other contemporaries.



Subjects: UROLOGY › Urinary Calculi
  • 3435

Mémoire sur l’entéroraphie avec la description d’un procédé nouveau pour pratiquer cette opération chirurgicale.

Rep. gén. Anat. Physiol. path., 2, 100-07, 1826.

Description of what is now known as Lembert’s suture, which ensures that serous surface is applied to serous surface in suturing intestine – the foundation of all modern gastric and intestinal surgery. Dieffenbach (see No. 3441) was the first successfully to employ Lembert’s method.



Subjects: GASTROENTEROLOGY › Esophagus: Stomach: Duodenum: Intestines, SURGERY: General › Upper Gastrointestinal Surgery
  • 3436

Extracts from an account of a case in which a new and peculiar operation for artificial anus was performed.

Philad. J. med. phys. Sci., 13, 199- 202, Philadelphia, 1826.

Physick’s operation for artificial anus – colocutaneous fistula formed as a result of mortification from a strangulated hernia.



Subjects: Colon & Rectal Diseases & Surgery
  • 5053

Des inflammations spéciales du tissu muqueux et en particulier de la diphthérite, ou inflammation pelliculaire.

Paris: Crevot, 1826.

Bretonneau showed that croup, malignant angina, and “scorbutic gangrene of the gums” were all the same disease, for which he suggested the term dipntheritis, later substituting “dipnthérite”. He performed (pp. 300-38) tracheotomy for croup. English translation in New Sydenham Society’s Memoirs on diphtheria, London, 1859.



Subjects: INFECTIOUS DISEASE › Diphtheria
  • 4413

Mémoire sur un déplacement originel ou congénital de la tête des fémurs.

Répert. gén. Anat. Physiol. path., 2, 82-93., 1826.

First clear pathological description of congenital dislocation of the hip-joint. Dupuytren distinguished this syndrome caused by failure of fetal development of the acetabulum from deformities due to tuberculosis and pyarthrotic disease of the hip joint.



Subjects: ORTHOPEDICS › Orthopedic Surgery & Treatments › Fractures & Dislocations
  • 5481.1

Die Geschichte der Hundswuth und der Wasserscheu und deren Behandlung.

Gotha: In der Hennings’schen Buchbandlung, 1826.

A full account of rabies, summarizing current knowledge, with a bibliography of about 300 items.



Subjects: BIBLIOGRAPHY › Bibliographies of Specific Subjects, INFECTIOUS DISEASE › Animal Bite Wound Infections, INFECTIOUS DISEASE › Animal Bite Wound Infections › Rabies, VETERINARY MEDICINE
  • 6026.1

A treatise on the diseases of females.

Philadelphia: Carey & Lea, 1826.

First American textbook on gynecology.



Subjects: COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › United States (See also state listings under U.S.), COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › United States (See also state listings under U.S.) › American Northeast, OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › GYNECOLOGY
  • 6752

Repertorium bibliographicum. 2 vols. [in 4].

Stuttgart & Tubingen: J. G. Cotta, 18261838.

Alphabetical author-index of 16,299 incunabula. Originally based on the contents of the Munich Hofbibliothek, it was made more useful when Walter Arthur Copinger published a 3-volume supplement, 1895-1902, which added 6,619 items and corrected 7,000 of the original entries. In 1914, Dietrich Reichling completed a further supplement containing 1,921 items.



Subjects: BIBLIOGRAPHY › 15th Century (Incunabula) & Medieval, BIBLIOGRAPHY › Bibliographical Classics
  • 6828

Cases illustrative of the remedial effects of acupuncturation.

North American Medical and Surgical Journal 1, 311-321, 1826.

The first original study of acupuncture published in North America, and one of the earliest American publications on the alleviation of pain. Franklin Bache, great-grandson of Benjamin Franklin, was the first American to perform original research on acupuncture. 

"As assistant physician at the state penitentiary in Philadelphia, Bache determined in 1825 to test acupuncture on the prisoners whom he was called upon to serve. With the aid of a colleague, he used the needles to treat 12 different prisoners who were suffering from highly painful afflictions: three with muscular rheumatism, four with 'chronic pains,' three with neuralgia, and two with ophthalmia. He also used acupuncture among the prisoners in relieving several lesser pains, including a headache accompanying bilious fever, the head pain of an epileptic, an elastic tumor near the elbow joint, and a dull pain caused by pulmonic inflammation.

"Bache reported varying successes. In summarizing 17 subsequent cases, some of which were not among the prisoners, he noted that seven "were completely cured, seven considerably relieved, and in the remaining three cases, the remedy produced no effect" (Cassedy, "Early uses of acupuncture in the United States, with an addendum (1826) by Franklin Bache, M.D.," Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine 50 [1974] 892-906).



Subjects: ALTERNATIVE, Complimentary & Pseudomedicine › Acupuncture (Western References), NEUROLOGY › Chronic Pain › Headache, PAIN / Pain Management
  • 6829

Traité de acupuncture, d'après les observations de M. Jules Cloquet. Édité par Dantu de Vannes.

Paris: Béchet jeune, 1826.

As adjunct chief surgeon at the Hôpital St. Louis, Cloquet had an ample number of patients at his disposal, and he was able to test acupuncture on upwards of 300 cases with mostly beneficial results. Cloquet did not publish his researches; it was left to Cloquet's student Dantu, who had assisted him in his acupuncture trials, to present the results of Cloquet's investigations to the public. Lu & Needham, Celestial Lancets, p. 355. Digital facsimile from the  Bibliothèque interuniversitaire de santé (Paris) at this link.



Subjects: ALTERNATIVE, Complimentary & Pseudomedicine › Acupuncture (Western References), PAIN / Pain Management
  • 7508

Every woman's book; or, what is love? Containing most important instructions for the prudent regulation of the principle of love and the number of a family.

London: Printed and Published by R. Carlile, 1826.

This radical and progressive sex manual was the first book to specify methods of contraception, including the sponge, condoms, and withdrawal. It also took the position, radical at the time, that with respect to sexual desire both sexes may be considered equal. Digital facsimile of the London, 1828 edition from the London School of Economics and Political Science at this link. A very well edited modern edition, with a full discussion of the publishing history of the work is What is love? Richard Carlile's philosophy of sex by M. L. Bush (London: Verso, 1998). A preliminary version first appeared in Carlile's The Republican, 11, 545-69 (May 6, 1825).



Subjects: Contraception , SEXUALITY / Sexology
  • 7511

Descriptio musei anatomici.

Utrecht: Joh. Altheer, 1826.

Bleuland's catalogue of his museum of anatomical and pathological specimens. Digital facsimile from Universiteit Utrecht at this link.



Subjects: ANATOMY › 19th Century, MUSEUMS › Medical, Anatomical & Pathological , PATHOLOGY
  • 8523

Materia Indica; or, some account of those articles which are employed by the Hindoos and other eastern nations, in their medicine, arts, and agriculture; comprising also formulae, with practical observations, names of diseases in various eastern languages, and a copious list of oriental books immediately connected with general science. 2 vols.

London: Longman, Rees, Orme, Brown & Green, 1826.

Digital facsimile from the Internet Archive at this link.



Subjects: Agriculture / Horticulture, INDIA, Practice of Medicine in, PHARMACOLOGY › PHARMACEUTICALS › Materia medica / Herbals / Herbal Medicines
  • 10037

De euthanasia medica prolusio.

Göttingen: Dietrich, 1826.

The first "modern" discussion of medical euthanasia. Translated into English by Walter Crane as "Medical euthanasia: A paper published in Latin in 1826, translated and reintorduced to the medical Profession," J. Hist. Med. & Allied Sci. 7 (4) (1952) 401-416.



Subjects: DEATH & DYING › Euthanasia
  • 10437

Voyage autour du monde, exécuté par ordre du Roi, sur la corvette de Sa Majesté, la Coquille, pendant les années 1822, 1823, 1824 et 1825. 6 vols. plus 4 atlases.

Paris: Arthus Bertrand, 18261838.

Duperrey undertook this circumnavigation under the sponsorship of the French Minister of Marine, to study terrestrial magnetism and meteorology, and to confirm or correct the position of islands and landmarks that were essential for safe navigation. To accomplish this mission in August 1822 Duperrey departed Toulon, "embarking on what would become a three-year expedition through the Pacific Islands and South America. Joining him on board were two naturalists, both also the ship’s surgeons, Prosper Garnot and René Primevère Lesson, plus his colleague and assistant commander, the botanist Jules Dumont d’Urville. They sailed along the coast of South America as far as Paita, Peru, and then headed west through the Tuamotus to Tahiti, before continuing on through the Society, Friendly (Tonga), and Fiji Islands. Although they were bound for Australia, dangerous weather conditions forced them northwest, and they passed the Santa Cruz and Solomon Islands before landing at Louis de Bougainville’s Port Praslin, New Britain. From there Coquille continued across the top of New Guinea, eventually making its way to the west and south coasts of Australia and to New Zealand by April 1824. It also passed through the Gilbert and Ellice Islands and the British island of Mauritius before finally docking in Marseilles in March 1825.

"Along the way, Duperrey and his crew had discovered a number of undocumented islands, prepared charts of little-known areas of the South Pacific (especially in the Caroline Archipelago), studied ocean currents and gathered new data on geomagnetic and meteorological phenomena. They had also amassed a staggering collection of unknown plants and animals, especially from New Guinea, including birds of paradise, bower birds, marsupials and a variety of fish and invertebrates for the Musée d’Histoire Naturelle" (https://blogs.adelaide.edu.au/special-collections/2015/11/18/voyage-autour-du-monde-by-louis-isidore-duperrey-1826/, accessed 04-2018). Digital facsimiles of the complete set, including the unusually elaborate 12-page prospectus from the Biodiversity Heritage Library at this link.



Subjects: BOTANY, NATURAL HISTORY, NATURAL HISTORY › Illustration, VOYAGES & Travels by Physicians, Surgeons & Scientists, ZOOLOGY
  • 10513

A compendium of the flora of the northern and middle states, containing generic and specific descriptions of all the plants, exclusive of the cryptogamia, hitherto found in the United States, north of the Potomac.

New York: Stacy B. Collins, 1826.

Published after Torrey's appointment as profess or chemistry at West Point, in a small, handy format for botanical students, that "its small size will enable them to use it without inconvenience in their herborizations." Digital facsimile from Biodiversity Heritage Library at this link.



Subjects: BOTANY, COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › United States (See also state listings under U.S.)
  • 10529

Clinique de la maladie syphilitique. Enrichie d’observations communiquées par messieurs Cullerier oncle, Cullerier neveu, Bard, Gama, Desruelles et autre médecins. Text and atlas.

Paris: F. M. Maurice, 1826.

Includes 126 hand-colored engraved plates from drawings by Dupont the elder, assisted by Delestre the younger and Verollot, engraved by Johann Theodor Susemihl, a German engraver working in Paris, known for his zoological plates, especially of birds. The majority of the plates depict the genitalia, but here is also an unsual portrait of a black man, which along with an image in Charles Bell's Illustrations of the great operations in surgery, is one of the first representations of a black person in medical iconography. Digital facsimile from Google Books at this link.



Subjects: ANTHROPOLOGY › Medical Anthropology, DERMATOLOGY, INFECTIOUS DISEASE › SEXUALLY TRANSMITTED DISEASES › Syphilis, Illustration, Medical
  • 11415

Observations on the May-Bug, and its ravages on plum and other trees, and also on the means of preventing the mischief.

J. Franklin Inst., 1, 364-366, 1826.

Griffth was probably the first American woman to publish in the sciences outside of materia medica and childcare. This article was probably her earliest non-geological publication. See Robt S. Cox, "A spontaneous flow: The geological contributions of Mary Griffith, 1772-1846," Earth Sciences History, 12, 187-195.



Subjects: Agriculture / Horticulture, COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › United States (See also state listings under U.S.), NATURAL HISTORY, WOMEN, Publications by › Years 1800 - 1899
  • 11728

A letter to the Hon. Isaac Parker, chief justice of the Supreme court of the state of Massachusetts, containing remarks on the dislocation of the hip joint, occasioned by the publication of a trial which took place at Machias, in the state of Maine, June, 1824. By John C. Warren. With an appendix of documents from the trial necessary to illustrate the history of the case.

Cambridge, MA: Printed by Hilliard and Metcalf, 1826.

This work, illustrated with 5 plates, contains several clear and minute descriptions of dislocation of the hip joint. In the course of the monograph Warrenproved the possibility of a type of dislocation that was denied by Astley Cooper, yet observed by several distinguished surgeons. Warren went to the trouble of publishing this monograph, not to disprove Astley Cooper, but to present his professional opinion in a malpractice case. 

"After realizing that his hip would never be right again, Charles Lowell decided to sue his local physicians (disregarding multiple doctors’ pleas to reconsider). He accused Hawkes of neglect and failing to initially reduce the dislocation, while he brought Faxon up on charges for having tried to manipulate the dislocation without the necessary medical training. Prior to 1987, defendants were not permitted to testify on their own behalf, and if Faxon had not been likewise accused, Hawkes could have easily put him on the stand to protect him as he was the only other medical practitioner present at the time of the incident (Harvey 1991, 175). The court case Lowell vs. Faxon and Hawkes was brought to trial on three occasions, and no concrete verdict was ever returned. The first trial, held in June of 1822 at the Superior Court for Washington County, Maine under Justice David Perham ruled in Lowell’s favor. The Judge charged Faxon and Hawkes $1962, who promptly appealed the case and brought it to the Supreme Court at Machias. The second trial, overseen by Chief Justice Prentiss Mellen, took place three months later in September of 1822. The jury, however, was highly influenced by outside politics not directly associated with case itself, and was unable to come to any agreement. They were divided, not only by the loyalties and biases between Massachusetts and Maine (the later had only seceded in 1820), but also on a more micro scale between Washington County in northern Maine and the surrounding areas (Spaulding 1910, 9). The doctors in this trial can be clearly grouped into opposing sides: all Bostonian doctors in favor of the plaintiff; all doctors from Maine supporting the defense. Amongst the smaller sphere of Maine residents, players can likewise be separated: Hawkes from Eastport (to whom whose residents felt a great sense of loyalty), and Lowell from outside the County lines. Consequently, the case was brought to court a final time in June of 1824. Once again, however, it came to a stale mate, and Justice Nathan Weston decided that “the best thing for all parties was for the plaintiff to accept a non-suit and the defendant to take no costs' (Spaulding 1910, 23)." Nobody wins. (https://collections.countway.harvard.edu/onview/exhibits/show/lowellhip/overview).

 Digital facsimile from the Hathi Trust at this link.



Subjects: LAW and Medicine & the Life Sciences › Malpractice, ORTHOPEDICS › Orthopedic Surgery & Treatments › Hip, U.S.: CONTENT OF PUBLICATIONS BY STATE › Maine
  • 12868

Principles of dental surgery; exhibiting a new method of treating the diseases of the teeth and gums; especially calculated to promote their health and beauty, accompanied by a general view of the present state of dental surgery, with oc casional references to the more prevalent abuses of the art, in two parts.

London: Thomas & George Underwood, 1826.

"This was a complete work on dental science, pathology, and thereapeutics, far in advance of anything heretofore published in the English language containing many practical ideas" (Thorpe, Biographies of pioneer American dentists and their successors (1910) 55).  Digital facsimile from Google Books at this link.



Subjects: DENTISTRY
  • 4451

On the treatment of anchylosis, by the formation of artificial joints.

N. Amer. med. surg. J., 3, 279-92, 1827.

Barton performed a femoral osteotomy between the greater and lesser trochanters to secure motion in an ankylosed hip. This has been called the first successful arthroplasty. Reprinted in Clin. Orthop., 1984, 182, 4-13.



Subjects: ORTHOPEDICS › Orthopedic Surgery & Treatments › Amputations: Excisions: Resections
  • 4451.1

Successful amputation at the hip-joint.

Phila. J. med. phys. Sci., 14, 101-05, Philadelphia, 1827.

This is “the first reported amputation at the hip joint found in the American medical literature” (Rutkow). See No. 4462.



Subjects: COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › United States (See also state listings under U.S.), ORTHOPEDICS › Orthopedic Surgery & Treatments › Amputations: Excisions: Resections
  • 322

The birds of America. From original drawings by John James Audubon. 4 vols.

London: Published by the Author, 18271838.

Contains 435 hand-colored plates in double elephant folio format, originally issued in 87 parts. The birds of America is widely regarded as the greatest illustrated ornithological work ever published, and one of the greatest works of natural history illustration ever created.

  • Imprint dates: v. 1, 1827-30; v. 2, 1831-34; v. 3, 1834-35; v. 4, 1835-38, June 20.
  • Plate LXIV drawn from nature by Lucy Audubon.
  • Plates I-II, VI-VII engraved by W [illiam] H[ome] Lizars, retouched by R [obert] Havell, junr.; pl VIII-IX engraved by W.H. Lizars; pl. III-V, CI-CV, CVIII, CX engraved, printed and coloured by R. Havell, junr.; pl. X-C, CVI-CVII, CIX, CXII-CCCCXXXV engraved, printed and coloured by R. Havell.
  • Plates II, VII dated 1829; pl. CVI-CX, CXII-CVX dated 1831; pl. CXXXI-CXL, CXLIII-CLV dated 1832; pl. CLVI-CLXXVII, CLXXIX-CLXXXII, CLXXXIV-CLXXXV dated 1833; pl. CLXXXVI-CXCVII, CXCIX, CCII-CCXXXV dated 1834; pl. CCXXXVI-CCLXXXV, CCLXXXVII, CCLXXXIX-CCXC dated 1835; pl. CCLXXXVI, CCLXXXVIII, CCXCI-CCCL dated 1836; pl. CCCLI-CCCC dated 1837; pl. CCCCI-CCCCXXXV dated 1838.
  • Plate CCLX marked "CCXL".


Subjects: ZOOLOGY › Illustration, ZOOLOGY › Ornithology
  • 670

Nouvelles observations sur l’endosmose et l’exosmose.

Ann. Chim. Phys., 35, 393-400; 37, 191-201; , 49, 411-37; 51, 159-66; 60, 337-68., 1827, 1828.

The process by which water passes through a membrane from a solution on the one side to another solution on the other side has been known, since the classic work of Dutrochet, as “endosmosis” or “exosmosis”; the pressure due to this passage of water has naturally been called “osmotic”.



Subjects: BIOCHEMISTRY
  • 1556.1

Experiments on audition.

Quart. J. Sci. Lit. Arts, 24, 67-72, 1827.

Occlusion effect on sound perception.



Subjects: OTOLOGY › Physiology of Hearing
  • 76

The works. 2 vols.

Edinburgh: W. Blackwood, 1827.

Cullen was the most conspicuous figure in the history of the Edinburgh Medical School during the 18th century. He was an inspiring teacher and was instrumental in founding the Glasgow Medical School in 1744. His clinical lectures were notable as being the first given in the vernacular instead of in Latin.



Subjects: Collected Works: Opera Omnia, Education, Biomedical, & Biomedical Profession
  • 477

De ovi mammalium et hominis genesi.

Leipzig: L. Vossius, 1827.

Announces Baer’s discovery of the mammalian ovum, the culmination of a search begun by scientists at least as early as the work of de Graaf in the 17th century (No. 1209). The pamphlet was reprinted in facsimile in Isis, 1931, 16, 315-30. English translation by C. D. O’Malley, Isis, 1956, 47, 117-53.



Subjects: EMBRYOLOGY
  • 478

Mémoire sur le développement du poulet dans l’oeuf.

Ann. Sci. nat (Paris), 12, 415-43., 1827.

First description of the segmentation of the frog’s egg.



Subjects: EMBRYOLOGY
  • 4773

De tabe dorsuali praelusio.

Berlin: formis Krausianis, 1827.

Gives the views of his father, Ernst Horn (1744-1848), on tabes.



Subjects: NEUROLOGY › Neurosyphilis
  • 4810

Recherches sur les symptômes et le traitement de l’épilepsie hémiplégique. Thèse [pour le doctorat en médecin] No. 118

Paris: De L'Imprimerie de Didot le jeune, 1827.

First description of hemiplegic epilepsy so well depicted by Jackson (No. 4816), and referred to by Charcot as “Bravais–Jacksonian épilepsie”. Digital facsimile from the Internet Archive at this link.



Subjects: NEUROLOGY › Epilepsy
  • 1395

Recherches expérimentales tendant à prouver que le cervelet préside aux actes de la station et de la progression, et non à l’instinct de la propagation.

Arch. gén. Méd., 15, 64-91; 225-47., 1827.

Bouillaud identified the anterior lobes as the speech center. Refuting Gall, he showed that the brain controls equilibration, station, and progression. Title of second paper varies. His earlier Traité clinique et physiologique de l’encéphalite ou inflammation du cerveau. Paris, 1825, includes some pathological and clinical studies on loss of articulate speech associated with lesions of the anterior lobes, and gives reasons for the localization of this function in the brain. See No. 4618.



Subjects: ANATOMY › Neuroanatomy, NEUROSCIENCE › NERVOUS SYSTEM › Brain, including Medulla: Cerebrospinal Fluid
  • 2028.55

Recherches sur l’asphyxie.

J. Physiol., 7, 45-65, 1827.

“Leroy invented a two-bladed instrument to aid in the insertion of a laryngeal tube by the ability to control the direction of its tip. He also invented a limiting mechanism for the bellows, to enable given amounts of air to be inflated, after he noticed at post-mortem where bellows had been used for inflation, that emphysema and tension pneumothorax were not uncommon. This research eventually led to the abandonment of bellows in resuscitation kits. Leroy also advocated chest and abdominal compression” (Huston).



Subjects: Resuscitation, Ventilation, Health Aspects of
  • 2285
  • 4206

Reports of medical cases, selected with a view of illustrating the symptoms and cure of diseases by a reference to morbid anatomy. 2 vols. in 3.

London: Longmans, 18271831.

Beside's Bright's classic description of chronic non-suppurative nephritis, known eponymically as “Bright’s disease”, the Reports contain numerous other outstanding contributions to general pathology, neuropathology, and nephrology. Bright differentiated renal from cardiac dropsy (edema) and was first to correlate this and the previously observed albuminuria with the nephritic changes observed at autopsy. Vol. 2, published in 2 parts, is one of the earliest and most important atlases of neuropathology. Superbly illustrated throughout with hand-colored plates. Facsimile reprint of vol. 1, London: Gower Publishers & Royal Society of Medicine, 1985. Digital facsimile from the Internet Archive at this link.



Subjects: NEPHROLOGY › Renal Disease, NEPHROLOGY › Renal Disease › Nephritis, NEUROLOGY › Neuropathology, PATHOLOGY, PATHOLOGY › Pathology Illustration
  • 3562

Mémoire et observations sur quelques maladies de l’appendice cécale.

J. gén. Méd., 100, 317-45., 1827.

Mélier was the first to show the existence of chronic appendicitis; he recognized the causal relationship between the chronic affection and abscesses of the right iliac fossa and was first to suggest operative intervention.



Subjects: SURGERY: General › Appendicitis
  • 2745

Cases of diseases of the heart, accompanied by pathological observations.

Dublin Hosp. Rep. 4, 353-453, 1827.

On p. 396 commences a classic account of heart block with syncopal attacks, the first complete description of this condition. Following the paper by Stokes (No. 2756) the eponym “Stokes–Adams syndrome” was employed to describe this state. Adams recognized a thrill in mitral regurgitation (p. 423). Adams also understood tricuspid incompetence (p. 436). The paper is reproduced in full in Med. Classics, 1939, 3, 633-96.



Subjects: CARDIOLOGY › CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE, CARDIOLOGY › CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE › Arrythmias, CARDIOLOGY › CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE › Heart Valve Disease
  • 3365

Essai sur les maladies de l’oreille interne.

Paris: J.-B. Baillière, 1827.

Saissy described a Eustachian bougie; he was probably the first to use this instrument. Besides dealing with the labyrinth, his book discusses diseases of the tympanum and Eustachian tube. English translation, Baltimore, 1829. Digital facsimile of the 1827 edition from the Medical Heritage Library, Internet Archive, at this link.



Subjects: OTOLOGY › Diseases of the Ear, OTOLOGY › Otologic Instruments
  • 2948

Case of axillary aneurism successfully treated by tying the subclavian artery.

Med. -chir. Trans., 13, 1-11, 1827.

In 1823 Key successfully ligated the subclavian artery for aneurysm at the axilla.



Subjects: VASCULAR SURGERY › Ligations
  • 2949

Case of carotid aneurism successfully treated by tying the artery above the aneurismal tumor.

Med.-chir. Trans., 13, 217-26, 1827.

Wardrop successfully treated aneurysm of the carotid artery by distal ligation, a procedure suggested by Pierre Brasdor (see No. 2951). Wardrop expanded this paper into a book: On aneurism, and its cure by a new operation, London, Longman, 1828.



Subjects: VASCULAR SURGERY › Ligations
  • 2950

Successful ligature of the common iliac artery.

Am. J. med. Sci., 1, 156-61, 1827.

First successful ligation of the common iliac.



Subjects: VASCULAR SURGERY › Ligations
  • 4025

Observations respecting an ulcer of peculiar character, which attacks the eyelids and other parts of the face.

Dublin Hosp. Rep. 4, 232-39, Dublin, 1827.

Arthur Jacob, Professor of Anatomy and physiology in Dublin, described “Jacob’s ulcer”, rodent ulcer attacking the face, especially the eyelid.



Subjects: DERMATOLOGY › Specific Dermatoses
  • 4313

Observations on the pathology and treatment of necrosis.

Philad. month. J. Med., 1, 11-19, 66-75., Philadelphia, 1827.

Classic early account of osteomyelitis. Smith trephined for bone necrosis. Reproduced in Med. Classics, 1937, 1, 820-38.


  • 4165.1

Un moyen d’éclairer l’urètre et la vessie de manière à voir dans l’intérieur de ces organes.

Rev. méd. franç, étrang. 1, 157-8, 1827.

Urethro-cystic speculum (endoscope).



Subjects: INSTRUMENTS & TECHNOLOGIES › Medical Instruments › Endoscope, UROLOGY
  • 4414

Case of un-united fracture of the os brachii, successfully treated.

N Y. med. phys. J., 6, 521-23., 1827.

Successful wiring of ununited fracture of humerus.



Subjects: ORTHOPEDICS › Orthopedic Surgery & Treatments › Fractures & Dislocations
  • 5589

Observations upon traumatic haemorrhage, illustrated by experiments upon living animals.

Amer. med. Recorder, 11, 3-70, 1827.

Jameson was surgeon to Baltimore Hospital for 20 years. This essay described some of the earliest multiple animal experiments used in American medical research.



Subjects: Medicine: General Works › Experimental Design › Vivisection / Antivivisection, SURGERY: General
  • 5847

On a peculiar defect in the eye, and a mode of correcting it.

Trans. Cambr. phil Soc. (1825), 2, 267-73., 1827.

Airy, a mathematician and astronomer, drew attention to astigmatism from which he himself suffered, and he fitted cylindrical lenses for its correction.



Subjects: OPHTHALMOLOGY › Diseases of the Eye, Optometry › Spectacles
  • 6172

Nouvelles recherches sur l’origine, la nature et le traitement de la mole vésiculaire ou grossesse hydatique.

Paris: Méquignon L’Âiné Pére, 1827.

Classic description of hydatidiform mole.



Subjects: OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › OBSTETRICS, OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › OBSTETRICS › Midwives, WOMEN in Medicine & the Life Sciences, Publications About, WOMEN, Publications by › Years 1800 - 1899
  • 6709

The gold-headed cane.

London: John Murray, 1827.

This charming “autobiography” tells of the adventures of the famous gold-headed cane, successively in the possession of Radcliffe, Mead, Askew, William and David Pitcairn, and Baillie, and then retired to a glass case in the library of the Royal College of Physicians of London. Besides good biographies of the several owners of the cane, the book gives interesting information on the condition of medicine in England in the 18th century. Several good reprints of the book are available; in particular may be mentioned that of 1915 which has an introduction by Osler and a preface by F. R. Packard, and one edited by H.S. Robinson, 1932; facsimile of author’s own copy of the 1827 edition published by the Royal College of Physicians of London, 1968.



Subjects: BIOGRAPHY (Reference Works)
  • 266.1

On Mr. Tulley’s thick aplanatic object-glasses, for diverging rays; with an account of a few microscopic test objects.

Quart. J. Sci., 22, 265-84., 1827.

Goring was an Edinburgh medical practitioner. He commissioned Tulley and others to make various modifications to the microscope. The above paper reports the first effective achromatic object-glass.



Subjects: Microscopy
  • 9545

Pharmaceutische Waarenkunde mit illuminirten Kupfern nach der Natur gezeichnet von Ernst Schenk. Begonnen von Friedemann Goebel. Fortgesetzt von Gustav Kunze. 14 parts in 2 vols.

Eisenach: Johann Friedrich Bärecke, 18271834.


Subjects: BOTANY › Medical Botany, NATURAL HISTORY › Illustration, PHARMACOLOGY › PHARMACEUTICALS
  • 10507

Charte über die geographische Ausbreitung der Krankheiten.

Munich, 1827.

The first world map of the distribution of human disease. For Schnurrer's work in epidemiology and his map, which was published separately from his books, see Brömer, "The first global map of the distribution of human diseases: Friedrich Schnurrer's 'Charte über die geographische Ausbreitung der Krankheiten'  (1827)"Med. Hist. Suppl.  20 (2000) 176–185.  The map was offered for sale in black & white or with the outlines hand-colored. Digital facsimile of a foxed hand-colored example from Google Books at this link.



Subjects: Cartography, Medical & Biological, EPIDEMIOLOGY
  • 11126

Recherches sur l’agénésie cérébrale et la paralysie congénitale.

Arch. gén. Méd., 14, 5-33, 347-66, 1827.

“The first scientific paper on paralysis in children was published in 1827 by Jean Baptiste Cazauvieilh, who […] noted that congenital hemiplegia was associated with cerebral atrophy and differentiated those due to ‘l’agenèse cérébrale’ (congenital cerebral agenesis) from ’l’atrophie consecutive’ (acquired cerebral atrophy)" (Ashwall, Founders of child neurology, 16, 20).



Subjects: GENETICS / HEREDITY › HEREDITARY / CONGENITAL DISEASES OR DISORDERS › Inherited Neurological Disorders › Congenital Hemiplegia, NEUROLOGY › Child Neurology
  • 12863

Anatomie comparée du système dentaire chez l'homme et chez les principaux animaux. Avec trente planches desinées d'après nature, par J. C. Werner, peintre au Muséum.

Paris: A. Belin, Imprimeur-Libraire, 1827.

Some copies of this work were issued with hand-colored plates.  The illustrator of this work, Jean-Charles Werner, was one of the most distinguished natural history artists of his time.
Digital facsimile of a black & white copy from Biodiversity Heritage Library at this link.



Subjects: DENTISTRY › Comparative Anatomy of the Mouth, Teeth & Jaws
  • 13198

Synopsis of the Newcastle Museum, late The Allan, formerly The Tunstall, or Wycliffe Museum: To which are prefixed Memoirs of Mr. Tunstall, the founder, and of Mr. Allan, the Late Proprietor, of the collection; with occasional remarks on the species, by those gentlemen and the editor.

Newcastle: Printed by T. and J. Hodgson, 1827.

Digital facsimile from Google Books at this link.



Subjects: MUSEUMS › Natural History Museums / Wunderkammern
  • 4453

Case of osteo-sarcoma of the lower jaw.

Edinb. med. surg. J., 30, 286-90, Edinburgh, 1828.

Syme’s operation of excision of the lower jaw for osteosarcoma.



Subjects: ONCOLOGY & CANCER › Sarcoma › Osteosarcoma, ORTHOPEDICS › Orthopedic Surgery & Treatments › Amputations: Excisions: Resections
  • 4452

An account of a case of osteo-sarcoma of the left clavicle, in which exsection of that bone was successfully performed.

Amer. J. med. Sci., 3, 100-08, 1828.

Valentine Mott was an outstanding figure in American surgery during the first half of the 19th century. A pupil of Astley Cooper, he particularly distinguished himself in vascular surgery and in operations involving the bones and joints.See No. 4463.



Subjects: ONCOLOGY & CANCER › Sarcoma › Osteosarcoma, ORTHOPEDICS › Orthopedic Surgery & Treatments › Amputations: Excisions: Resections
  • 4523

Observations on neuroma.

Trans. med.-chir. Soc. Edinb., 3, 367-433, 18281829.

Neuroma first described.



Subjects: NEUROLOGY › Diseases of the Nervous System, ONCOLOGY & CANCER
  • 671

Ueber künstliche Bildung des Harnstoffs.

Ann. Phys. Chem. (Leipzig), 12, 253-6., 1828.

The synthetic preparation of urea was the first occasion that an organic compound was built up from inorganic materials. Wöhler’s discovery led eventually to the brilliant results that have been achieved in attempts to synthesize other organic compounds. A French translation of this article appears in Ann. Chim. (Paris), 1828, 37, 330-34. English translation in Leicester & Klickstein (eds.), A source book in chemistry 1400-1900, Cambridge, Mass., 1952. Digital facsimile from the Internet Archive at this link.



Subjects: BIOCHEMISTRY
  • 410

Elements of descriptive and practical anatomy.

London: W. Simpkin & R. Marshall, 1828.

Among the most important of the English textbooks on anatomy. An eleventh edition was published in 1908-29.



Subjects: ANATOMY › 19th Century
  • 1557

Expériences sur les canaux semi-circulaires de l’oreille chez les oiseaux.

Ann. sci. nat., 15, 113-24, 1828.

Flourens showed that lesion of the semicircular canals produces motor incoordination and loss of equilibrium. Menière based his work (No. 3372) on Flourens’s crucial experiments.



Subjects: OTOLOGY › Physiology of Hearing
  • 479

Ueber Entwicklungsgeschichte der Thiere. 2 vols.

Königsberg: Bornträger, 18281888.

Baer, the founder of modern embryology, definitely established the “germ-layer theory”, discovered the notochord and the human ovum, and postulated the law of corresponding stages in embryonic development. With Cuvier he is the founder of modern morphology. Later in his life he devoted much time to the study of anthropology. Part of vol. 1 was published in No. 599. In response to demands by subscribers to the treatise, the publishers issued vol. 2 in incomplete form in 1837. The conclusion to vol. 2, sometimes called volume 3, was edited by Ludwig Stieda and published 12 years after von Baer’s death.



Subjects: EMBRYOLOGY
  • 2017

Observations on transfusion of blood.

Lancet, 2, 321-24., London, 18281829.

The first human to human transfusion in which the patient did not die. Blundell established the most fundamental points in transfusion, including the incompatibility of interspecies transfusion and the method of indirect transfusion. With his descriptions of about ten cases over a ten-year period, Blundell revived interest in blood transfusion after a century-long hiatus.



Subjects: THERAPEUTICS › Blood Transfusion
  • 767

Recherches sur la force du coeur aortique.

Paris: De L'Imprimerie de Didot le jeune, 1828.

Poiseuille was the first after Stephen Hales to make any important addition to the knowledge of the physiology of circulation. In his graduation thesis, above, he described a “hemodynamometer” invented by himself and which he used to repeat some of Hales’s blood-pressure experiments. With his hemomanometer, a mercury manometer, which was a great improvement on the long tube used by Hales, Poiseuille showed that the blood-pressure rises and falls on expiration and inspiration, and measured the degree of arterial dilatation produced by each heart beat. English translation in Edinb. med. surg. J., 1829, 32, 28-38. See also his paper in J. Physiol. exp. path., 1828, 8, 272-305. Digital facsimile from the Internet Archive at this link.



Subjects: CARDIOLOGY › CARDIOVASCULAR PHYSIOLOGY, INSTRUMENTS & TECHNOLOGIES › Medical Instruments
  • 1849

Medical flora; or, manual of the medical botany of the United States of North America. Containing a selection of above 100 figures and descriptions of medical plants, with their names, qualities, properties, history &c; and notes or remarks on nearly 500 equivalent substitutes. 2 vols.

Philadelphia: Atkinson & Alexander, 18281830.

Rafinesque was a great botanist, conchologist, archaeologist, and economist. Born in a suburb of Istanbul, he was also a world citizen and a prolific writer with 939 works to his credit. He died in extreme poverty in Philadelphia and, but for the intervention of a few friends, his body would have been sold for dissection purposes. This work describes a number of native American remedies.  Digital facsimile from the Internet Archive at this link.



Subjects: BOTANY, BOTANY › Botanical Illustration, BOTANY › Ethnobotany, BOTANY › Medical Botany, COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › United States (See also state listings under U.S.), NATIVE AMERICANS & Medicine
  • 2285.1
  • 6332

Traité des maladies des enfans nouveau-nés et à la mamelle. 1 vol. and atlas.

Paris: J.-B. Baillière, 1828.

The first significant work on the pathological anatomy of infants. Billard performed several hundred autopsies on infants and children and correlated the data obtained with clinical observations he had made. This pioneer work on the pathological anatomy of infants includes interesting observations on cerebral congestion, intestinal disturbances, the pulse, teething, etc. It includes the first classification of infantile diseases of any importance (Abt/Garrison). English translation of the third edition, 1839, does not include the atlas of colored plates.



Subjects: PATHOLOGY, PATHOLOGY › Pathology Illustration, PEDIATRICS
  • 2285.2

Pathological and practical researches on diseases of the brain and spinal cord.

Edinburgh: Waugh and Innes, 1828.

First textbook of neuropathology. Originally published in a series of articles in Edin. med. surg. J., 1818-19, and first collected into book form in the German translation, with appendix, by C. Nasse, Bonn, E. Weber, 1821.



Subjects: NEUROLOGY › Neuropathology
  • 1776.1

Researches into the causes, nature and treatment of the more prevalent diseases of India, and of warm climates generally. Illustrated with cases, post mortem examinations, and numerous coloured engravings of morbid structures. 2 vols.

London: Longman, Rees, Orme, Brown & Green, 1828.

A landmark in geographical pathology, superbly illustrated. Annesley’s cases, collected over many years’ service throughout India, represented the most complete treatment of diseases on the sub-continent to date. Digital facsimile from the Internet Archive at this link. Third edition "to which is prexied a memoir of the author by Thomas J. Pettigrew, London, 1855. Digital facsimile of the 1855 edition from the Internet Archive at this link.



Subjects: COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › India, Geography of Disease / Health Geography, PATHOLOGY, PATHOLOGY › Pathology Illustration, TROPICAL Medicine
  • 2675

De la percussion médiate.

Paris: J. S. Chaudé, 1828.

Piorry, pioneer of mediate percussion, introduced the percussor and the pleximeter in 1826. He also developed refinements to Laennec’s stethoscope.



Subjects: INSTRUMENTS & TECHNOLOGIES › Medical Instruments › Stethoscope, PHYSICAL DIAGNOSIS › Auscultation, PHYSICAL DIAGNOSIS › Percussion
  • 3255

Description of a forceps, employed to facilitate the extirpation of the tonsil.

Amer. J. med. Sci., 2, 116-17, 1828.

Invention of the modern tonsillotome.



Subjects: INSTRUMENTS & TECHNOLOGIES › Surgical Instruments, OTORHINOLARYNGOLOGY (Ear, Nose, Throat) › Laryngology
  • 2583

Of the catarrhus aestivus, or summer catarrh.

Med. -chir. Trans., 14, 437-46., 1828.

On the history and aetiology of hay fever.



Subjects: ALLERGY
  • 2746

On the retroversion of the valves of the aorta.

London Medical Gazette, 3, 433-43, 18281829.

Aortic insufficiency is usually associated with the name of Corrigan, but Hodgkin’s account antedates Corrigan by three years. 



Subjects: CARDIOLOGY › CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE › Aortic Diseases
  • 3814

Removal of the right lobe of the thyroid gland.

Lancet, 2, 351-52., 18281829.

To Green, of St. Thomas’s Hospital, London, is accredited the first thyroidectomy, the patient succumbing 15 days later from sepsis.



Subjects: ENDOCRINOLOGY › Thyroid
  • 2951

Aneurism of the arteria innominata involving the subclavian and the root of the carotid; successfully treated by tying the carotid artery.

Amer. J. med. Sci., 5, 297-300, 1828.

First application in the United States of the Pierre Brasdor (1721-97) operative technique by distal ligation. Second report, 1830, 6, 532-34.



Subjects: VASCULAR SURGERY › Ligations
  • 3990

Abrégé pratique des maladies de la peau.

Paris: Béchet jeune, 1828.

This book codified and published the lectures, doctrines and observations of Laurent Biett (1781-1840), the leading clinical teacher in dermatology of the early 19th century, who published very little himself. Cazenave was a master clinician who founded the first scientific periodical devoted exclusively to dermatology. The Abrégé improves upon Bateman, especially in the section on the cutaneous manifestions of syphilis. “Continually revised and translated into all of the important languages of the Western World, the Abrégé becamethe most influential text of the time and remained so for 30 years” (Crissey & Parish). English translations 1829, 1832, 1842.



Subjects: DERMATOLOGY, INFECTIOUS DISEASE › SEXUALLY TRANSMITTED DISEASES › Syphilis
  • 3437

Mémoire sur une méthode nouvelle pour traiter les anus accidentels.

Mém. Acad. roy. Méd. (Paris), Sect. Méd., 1, 259-316, Paris, 1828.

Dupuytren invented an enterotome to perform his operation for artificial anus.



Subjects: Colon & Rectal Diseases & Surgery
  • 4314

On trephining the tibia.

Lond. med. Gaz., 2, 70-74, 1828.

“Brodie’s abscess”. The patient was first seen in 1824. Brodie published an account of some further cases in Med.-chir. Trans., 1832, 17, 239-49, which paper is reprinted in Med. Classics, 1938, 2, 900-06.



Subjects: ORTHOPEDICS › Diseases of or Injuries to Bones, Joints & Skeleton
  • 4315

De l’orthomorphie. 2 vols. and atlas.

Paris: Gabon, 1828.

Delpech, Professor of Surgery at Montpellier, published a comprehensive treatise on deformities of the bones and joints. He established the tuberculous nature of Pott’s disease. Delpech did more than any other man toward the development of orthopedics in France.



Subjects: INFECTIOUS DISEASE › Tuberculosis › Tuberculous Spondylitis (Pott's Disease), ORTHOPEDICS › Diseases of or Injuries to Bones, Joints & Skeleton, ORTHOPEDICS › Orthopedic Surgery & Treatments
  • 3679.6

Traité complet de l’art du dentiste, d'après l'état actuel des connaissances. Par F. Maury. 2 vols.

Paris: Gabon, 1828.

Maury probably invented the dental probe. His book also shows one of the earliest illustrations of a dental mouth mirror. According to Quérard, F. Maury is the pseudonym of Auguste Tillet: "Table alphabétique de la plupart des auteurs qui ont écrit sur l'art du dentiste ou sur quelques-unes de ses parties" -- p. [465]-488. In the preface Maury acknowledges the assistance of Tillet, suggesting that it was Maury rather than Tillet who was the primary author. The work was translated with notes and additions by J. B. Savier, as Treatise on the Dental Art, Founded on Actual Experience (Philadelphia, 1843). Digital facsimile of the 1833 edition from Google Books at this link; digital facsimile of the English translation from the Internet Archive at this link.

 



Subjects: DENTISTRY, DENTISTRY › Dental Instruments & Apparatus, INSTRUMENTS & TECHNOLOGIES › Dental Instruments
  • 4414.1

Theoretisch-praktische Handbuch der Lehre von den Bruchen und Verrenkungen der Knochen. 1 vol. and atlas.

Berlin: Enslin, 1828.

The remarkable atlas accompanying this work illustrates in remarkable detail all of the various types of dressings, splints and apparatus used in the treatment of fractures at the time.



Subjects: ORTHOPEDICS › Orthopedic Surgery & Treatments › Fractures & Dislocations
  • 5742

On an operation for the cure of natural fissure of the soft palate.

Amer. J. med. Sci., 3, 1-3, 1828.

Operation in May 1824 – the first staphylorraphy in America – performed without direct knowledge of Roux’s operations. Nathan Smith (1762-1829) published an earlier paper on staphylorrhaphy in America: Am. med. Rev., 1826, 3, 396.



Subjects: PLASTIC & RECONSTRUCTIVE SURGERY › Cleft Lip & Palate
  • 6709.1

Dictionnaire historique de la médecine ancienne et moderne, ou précis de l'histoire générale, technologique et littéraire de la médecine, suivie de la bibliographie médicale du dix-neuvième siècle, et d'un répertoire bibliographique par ordre de matières. 4 vols.

Paris: Béchet jeune, 18281839.

Biographical essays with annotated bibliographies of the authors cited. The title pages of vols. 2-4 indicate that they were written by Dezeimeris alone. Digital facsimile from The Medical Heritage Library, Internet Archive, at this link.



Subjects: BIBLIOGRAPHY , BIOGRAPHY (Reference Works), Dictionaries, Biomedical › Lexicography, Biomedical
  • 6710

American medical biography. 2 vols.

Boston, MA: Richardson, etc, 1828.

Thacher was the first American medical historian. The above biography is a valuable source of information on the early medical history of the United States. Reprinted, New York, Da Capo Press, 1967.



Subjects: American (U.S.) REVOLUTIONARY WAR MEDICINE › History of U.S. Revolutionary War Medicine, BIOGRAPHY (Reference Works), COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › United States (See also state listings under U.S.), COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › United States (See also state listings under U.S.) › American Northeast
  • 6753

Handbuch der Bücherkunde für die ältere Medizin zur Kenntniss der griechischen, lateinischen und arabischen Schriften im ärztlichen Fache und zur bibliographischen Unterscheidung ihrer verschiedenen Ausgaben, Uebersetzungen und Erläuterungen.

Leipzig: L. Voss, 1828.

This check list of printed works of the older medical writers underwent a second edition in 1841, which was reprinted in 1911, 1926 and 1956.



Subjects: BIBLIOGRAPHY › Bibliographical Classics
  • 6853

Die chronischen Krankheiten, ihre eigenthümliche Natur und homöopathische Heilung. 4 vols.

Dresden & Leipzig: Arnoldischen Buchhandlung, 18281830.

Second edition, 6 vols., 1835-39.



Subjects: ALTERNATIVE, Complimentary & Pseudomedicine › Homeopathy
  • 7096

Report from the select committee on anatomy. House of Commons, 22 July 1828.

London: House of Commons, 1828.

In the first half of 1828, in response to increasing calls for reform, the British Parliament appointed a committee to "enquire into the manner of obtaining subjects for dissection by schools of Anatomy and the State of law affecting persons employed in obtaining and dissecting bodies." During the course of its investigation, the committee heard testimony from a wide range of witnesses, from eminent medical men to procurers of bodies for medical schools (these last identified only by initials). The medical men included Sir Astley Cooper, Benjamin Collins Brodie, John Abernethy, William Lawrence, Herbert Mayo, Granville Sharp Pattison (who himself was indicted for body-snatching at the age of 23), Thomas Southwood Smith, Henry Halford, John Webster and Benjamin Harrison, the treasurer of Guy's Hospital. The witness list can be found on page 13 of the committee's report. The testimony of these men, reproduced in full in the report, is followed by several appendices, including tables of paupers' deaths broken down by parish; the committee was proposing legislation that would allow the state to seize unclaimed corpses from workhouses and sell them to surgical schools. The committee's efforts were successful: In 1832 Parliament passed the Anatomy Act, granting licenses to teachers of anatomy and giving physicians, surgeons and medical students legal access to corpses unclaimed after death.



Subjects: ANATOMY › 19th Century, COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › England (United Kingdom), LAW and Medicine & the Life Sciences › Legislation, Biomedical
  • 7228

Sur le cathétérisme de la trompe d'Eustache, et sur les expériences de M. Itard, mémoire qui démontre l'utilité de l'air atmosphérique dans le traitement de diverse espèces de surdité.

Paris: L'Auteur, 1828.

The first publication on the use of air insufflation to cure some types of hearing loss.



Subjects: OTOLOGY › Otologic Surgery & Procedures
  • 7512

Otium academicum, continens descriptionem speciminum nonnullarum partium corporis humani et animalium subtilioris anatomiae ope in physiologicum usum praeparatarum, aliarumque, quibus morborum organicorum natura illustrator.

Utrecht: Joh. Altheer, 1828.

Issued in 12 fascicules from 1826 to 1828. Consists of 3 parts concerning anatomy and physiology, comparative anatomy specimens and pathological specimens. Includes 37 plates printed in color; 35 plates in black & white. Digital facsimile from Universiteit Utrecht at this link.



Subjects: ANATOMY › 19th Century, MUSEUMS › Medical, Anatomical & Pathological , PATHOLOGY
  • 7605

A prodromus of a synopsis animalium, comprising a catalogue raisonné, of the zootomical collection of Joshua Brookes, Esq., F.R.S. etc. Part the first; and of the anatomical preparations; part the second, which will be sold by auction in various lots about the middle of May, unless the whole be previously purchased by private contract, including the large and interesting department of nature history, etc. & c., the catalogue of which is now preparing, and will be published as speedily as possible. Likewise the extensive premises....2 vols.

London: Printed by Gold and Walton, 1828.

Brookes initially tried to sell his collection en bloc before consigning it to auction in 1830. Digital facsimile from Google Books at this link.



Subjects: MUSEUMS › Natural History Museums / Wunderkammern
  • 10023

Myology, illustrated by plates.

London: Callow & Wilson, 1828.

This large folio work contains 8 hand-colored lithographed plates by F. R. Say, each with multiple lift-up flaps. It is probably the largest format anatomical work ever published in English with lift-up flaps, with up to 12 layers. Also in 1828 Tuson published in the same format A supplement to myology; containing the arteries, veins, nerves, and lymphatics of the human body. This contained 9 hand-colored lithograph plates by Samuel G. Tovey, each also with multiple lift up flaps.



Subjects: ANATOMY › 19th Century, ANATOMY › Anatomical Illustration
  • 10071

The constitution of man considered in relation to external objects.

Edinburgh: John Anderson Jun. & London: Longman & Co., 1828.

"Combe argues that the human mind is best understood through Phrenology, and that the relative size of the various regions of the brain defined by Phrenology determines a persons behavior and potential interactions with the external world. In The Constitution of Man Combe uses Phrenology to create a practical science of morality,[2] proposing that conforming to Natural Laws leads to happiness based on the Phrenological understanding of human nature.[3] The book was an international bestseller, selling at least 100,000 copies in Britain alone[4] and over 300,000 copies worldwide by 1855, largely due to the publication of the 'people's edition,'[5] making it one of the best-sellers of the nineteenth century " (Wikipedia article on The Constitution of Man, accessed 03-2018).

"In this book, Combe wrote: "Mental qualities are determined by the size, form and constitution of the brain; and these are transmitted by hereditary descent". ‘Combe was part of an active Edinburgh scene composed of people thinking about the nature of heredity and its possible malleability, such as Lamarck proposed. Combe himself was not a Lamarckian, but in the decades before the publication of Darwin's Origin of Species, the Constitution was probably the single most important vehicle for the dissemination of naturalistic progressivism in the English-speaking world’[13] "(Wikipedia article on George Combe, accessed 03-2018).

Digital facsimile from Google Books at this link.



Subjects: ALTERNATIVE, Complimentary & Pseudomedicine › Phrenology, EVOLUTION
  • 12937

De foetu humano: Adnotationes anatomicae quibus praemissis viro perillustri Samueli Thomae de Soemmerring ... doctoratus in medicina impetrati semisaecularia gratulatur Universitas Literarum Regiomontana. Interprete Carlo Friderico Burdach.

Leipzig: Leopold Voss, 1828.

Reproduction of a drawing by Soemmerring of the first stages of embryonic development visible with the naked eye, with a note by Burdach.
Digital facsimile from Bayerische StaatsBibliothek at this link.



Subjects: EMBRYOLOGY
  • 4455

Removal of the arm, scapula and clavicle.

Lond. med. Gaz., 5, 273, London, 18291830.

Records the first interscapulo-thoracic amputation, performed by Ralph Cuming (d. 1808), a naval surgeon, in 1808.



Subjects: ORTHOPEDICS › Orthopedic Surgery & Treatments › Amputations: Excisions: Resections
  • 4454

Three cases in which the elbow-joint was successfully excised.

Edinb. med. surg. J., 31, 256-66, Edinburgh, 1829.


Subjects: ORTHOPEDICS › Orthopedic Surgery & Treatments › Amputations: Excisions: Resections
  • 109

Observations on the organs and mode of fecundation in Orchideae and Asclepiadeae.

Trans. Linn. Soc., 16, 685-746., 18291832.

Discovery, in 1831, of the cell nucleus. First issued as a separate pamphlet: Observations on the Organs and Mode of Fecundation in orchideae and asclepiadeae ... [with:] Additional remarks ... London, [privately
printed] ‘For Distribution’, Oct. 1831.



Subjects: BIOLOGY › Cell Biology, BOTANY, MICROBIOLOGY
  • 1394

Della struttura degli emisferi cerebrali.

Mem. r. Accad. Sci. Torino, 35, 103-47., 1829.


Subjects: ANATOMY › Neuroanatomy, NEUROSCIENCE › NERVOUS SYSTEM › Brain, including Medulla: Cerebrospinal Fluid
  • 1849.1

Mémoire sur l’emploi de l’iode dans les maladies scrofuleuses.

Paris: J.-B. Baillière, 1829.

Lugol’s solution. Digital facsimile from Google Books at this link.



Subjects: PHARMACOLOGY › PHARMACEUTICALS › Disinfectants
  • 1697

Elements of medical statistics.

London: Longman, 1829.

First English book devoted specifically to medical statistics. Hawkins was instrumental in obtaining the insertion of a column for the names of diseases or other causes of death, in connexion with the first Act for the registration of births and deaths.



Subjects: DEMOGRAPHY / Population: Medical Statistics
  • 2075

An essay on the operation of poisonous agents upon the living body.

London: Longman, Rees, 1829.

The first book in English on the action of poisons on the living body.



Subjects: TOXICOLOGY
  • 2076

A treatise on poisons.

Edinburgh: A. Black, 1829.

Christison, a famous toxicologist, was a Professor of Medical Jurisprudence at Edinburgh. During the trial of Burke and Hare he performed an autopsy on the body of one of the victims and gave evidence as to the cause of death.



Subjects: TOXICOLOGY
  • 2286

Anatomie pathologique du corps humain. 2 vols.

Paris: J.-B. Baillière, 18291842.

The fine hand-colored lithographs of gross pathology make this one of the greatest works of its kind. Cruveilhier, first Professor of Pathological Anatomy in Paris, gave the first description of multiple sclerosis (in vol. 2 above), and an early description of “Cruveilhier’s palsy” (see No. 4734). Hypertrophic pyloric stenosis and ulceration of the stomach due to hyperacidity were also for the first time described in the above work; to each the name “Cruveilhier’s disease” has been attached. From publication in fascicules, 1829-42. See Eugene S. Flamm, "The neurology of Jean Cruveilhier," Medical History17 (1973) 343–355. (Available from PubMedCentral at this link.)

The extensive text accompanying many of Cruveilhier's plates was translated into English in John Allard Jeançon (1831-1903), Pathological anatomy, pathological and physical diagnosis. A series of clinical reports comprising the principal diseases of the human body (Cincinnati: Progress Publishing Co., 1884). Jeançon, a French physician who immigrated to the United States and served as a military surgeon during the American Civil War, also provided fine chromolithographed reproductions of many of Cruveilhier's plates, without crediting Cruveilhier either for the text or plates. Jeançon's version remains the only English translation of any part of Cruveilhier's pathological atlas.

 



Subjects: NEUROLOGY › Degenerative Disorders › Multiple Sclerosis, NEUROLOGY › Neuropathology, PATHOLOGY, PATHOLOGY › Pathology Illustration
  • 2287

A treatise on pathological anatomy.

Philadelphia: Carey, Lea & Carey, 1829.

First American work on pathology. Horner was Professor of Anatomy at Pennsylvania, and made several anatomical discoveries.



Subjects: PATHOLOGY
  • 2288
  • 2901
  • 4318

Traité d’anatomie pathologique. 2 vols. and atlas.

Paris: F. G. Levrault, 18291833.

Includes a historical review of the subject from the time of the Ancient Egyptians to Corvisart, and a summary of the advances in pathology during the preceding 50 years. Vol. 2, pp. 553-600 deals with diseases of the arteries. Lobstein wrote an important section on ossification of arteries, and was first to use the word “arteriosclérose” (on p. 550). Vol. 2, pp. 204-12  "De la fragilité des os, ou de l’ostéopsathyrose" describes osteopsathyrosis (“Lobstein’s disease”), osteogenesis imperfecta, earlier described by Ekman (No. 4304.1).

 

 



Subjects: CARDIOLOGY › CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE › Arterial Disease, ORTHOPEDICS › Diseases of or Injuries to Bones, Joints & Skeleton, ORTHOPEDICS › Diseases of or Injuries to Bones, Joints & Skeleton › Congenital Diseases , PATHOLOGY, PATHOLOGY › History of Pathology, PATHOLOGY › Pathology Illustration
  • 2610

Recherches sur le traitement du cancer par la compression méthodique. 2 vols.

Paris: Gabon, 1829.

Récamier was the first to recognize the process of metastasis. He also described for the first time invasion of veins by cancer.



Subjects: ONCOLOGY & CANCER
  • 3256

Die Pathologie und Therapie der Kehlkopfkrankheiten.

Leipzig: C. Cnobloch, 1829.


Subjects: OTORHINOLARYNGOLOGY (Ear, Nose, Throat) › Laryngology
  • 3327

[Description of the glottiscope.]

Lond. med. Gaz., 3, 555, 1829.

Babington was responsible for the introduction of laryngoscopy. He demonstrated a crude “glottiscope” to the Hunterian Society on March 18, 1829, but his effort attracted little attention.



Subjects: INSTRUMENTS & TECHNOLOGIES, INSTRUMENTS & TECHNOLOGIES › Medical Instruments, OTORHINOLARYNGOLOGY (Ear, Nose, Throat) › Laryngology › Laryngoscopy
  • 3438

Abcès développé dans le petit bassin.

Rev. méd. franç, étrang., 1, 367-68, 1829.

“Dupuytren’s abscess” of the right iliac fossa.



Subjects: SURGERY: General
  • 3439

Traité théorique et pratique des maladies chirurgicales du canal intestinal. 2 vols.

Paris: Mme. Auger-Méquignon, 1829.

Jobert, famous French surgeon, made his reputation on this book. He was at one time Consulting Physician to Louis XVIII.



Subjects: GASTROENTEROLOGY › Esophagus: Stomach: Duodenum: Intestines, SURGERY: General › Upper Gastrointestinal Surgery
  • 5291

Sur la pyrophlyctide endémique, ou pustule d’Aleppo.

Rev. méd. Franç., étrang., n.s. 3, 62-71, 1829.

Important description of “Aleppo boil”, furunculosis orientalis.



Subjects: COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › Syria, DERMATOLOGY, INFECTIOUS DISEASE › VECTOR-BORNE DISEASES › Sandfly-Borne Diseases › Leishmaniasis, TROPICAL Medicine
  • 5501

Die Rötheln, als für sich bestehende Krankheit.

Litt. Ann. ges. Heilk., 13, 420-28., 1829.

Wagner separated rubella from measles and scarlet fever.



Subjects: INFECTIOUS DISEASE › Rubella & Allied Conditions
  • 5742.1

Die Bildung neuer Augenlider (Blepharoplastik) nach Zerstörungen und dadurch hervorgebrachten Auswärtsweundungen derselben.

Hamburg: Perthes & Besser, 1829.

First extensive treatise on the use of pedicle grafts from the temple and cheek for supplying necessary skin for the reconstruction of deformed eyelids.



Subjects: OPHTHALMOLOGY › Ophthalmic Plastic Surgery
  • 5743

Chirurgische Erfahrungen besonders über die Wiederherstellung zerstörter Theile des menschlichen Körpers nach neuen Methoden. 3 vols. [in 4] and atlas.

Berlin: T. C. F. Enslin, 18291834.

Dieffenbach was Professor of Surgery in Berlin. He was a pioneer in the field of plastic and orthopedic surgery, performing tenotomy and skin-grafting successfully. English translation of the section on rhinoplasty, with additional cases and notes by the translator, J.S. Bushnan, as Surgical observations on the restoration of the nose. London, 1833.



Subjects: PLASTIC & RECONSTRUCTIVE SURGERY, PLASTIC & RECONSTRUCTIVE SURGERY › Rhinoplasty
  • 5023

Recherches anatomiques, pathologiques et thérapeutiques sur la maladie connue sous les noms de gastro-entérite; fièvre putride, adynamique, ataxique, typhoïde, etc. 2 vols.

Paris: J.-B. Baillière, 1829.

Louis introduced the term “typhoid fever” in reference to the disturbed mental condition of the patient; he first described the lenticular rose spots. His book established the pathological picture of the disease. English translation, Boston, 1836.



Subjects: INFECTIOUS DISEASE › Salmonellosis › Typhoid Fever
  • 5769

Illustrations of the diseases of the breast.

London: Longman, Rees & Co, 1829.

Includes one of the earliest descriptions of hyperplastic cystic disease of the breast, which Cooper referred to as “hydatid disease”.



Subjects: PATHOLOGY, SURGERY: General › Diseases of the Breast
  • 5589.1

Clinique chirurgicale, exercée particulièrement dans les camps et les hôpitaux militaires depuis 1792 jusqu’en 1829. 5 vols. plus atlas to vols. 1-3, and atlas to vol. 5.

Paris: Gabon [vols. 1-3] & J.-B. Baillière [vols. 4-5], 18291836.

Larrey’s most comprehensive surgical treatise, and the only one of his works that is extensively illustrated. Many of the plates concern surgical pathology.



Subjects: MILITARY MEDICINE & HYGIENE, MILITARY MEDICINE & HYGIENE › Napoleon's Campaigns & Wars, PATHOLOGY, SURGERY: General
  • 6027

Case of successful excision of the cervis uteri in a scirrhous state.

Amer. J. med. Sci., 5, 307-09, 1829.

First successful excision of the cervix in America. Reported by T. F. Gillan.



Subjects: OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › GYNECOLOGY
  • 7293

Notice sur les ossemens humains fossiles des cavernes du Département du Gard, présentée à l’Académie des Sciences le 29 juin 1829.

Montpellier: J. Martel, 1829.

Christol excavated of the caverns of Pondres and Souvignarges, northeast of Montpellier in the department of Gard. These caverns, which showed no evidence of accidental disturbance, contained human remains intermixed with pottery and the remains of antediluvian mammals such as the rhinoceros, cave bear and hyena. Christol depicted seven of these human fossil bones in the plate accompanying his work; this plate probably represents the first intentionally published identified illustration of fossil human bones. Despite the obvious implications of his discovery, Christol was very much aware of Cuvier’s refutations of previous evidence for fossil man, mentioning Cuvier frequently in his text. Probably because of this, Christol shied away from drawing a definite conclusion.



Subjects: COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › France, EVOLUTION › Human Origins / Human Evolution
  • 7497

A catalogue of the preparations in the anatomical museum of Guy’s Hospital arranged and edited, by desire of the Treasurer of the Hospital, and of the teachers of the Medical and Surgical School.

London: S. Highley, 1829.

Digital facsimile of Part II, Morbid Anatomy, from the Internet Archive at this link.



Subjects: MUSEUMS › Medical, Anatomical & Pathological , PATHOLOGY
  • 8925

Procede pour écrire les paroles, la musique et le plain-chant au moyen de points, a l’usage des aveugles et dispose pour eux.

Paris: [Institution Royale des Jeunes Aveugles], 1829.

This large quarto volume of 4 preliminary leaves and 32 pages included the first presentation of the Braille system of printing and reading for the blind, which represents letters and numbers by combinations of six dots. Though Braille introduced his six dot system briefly in this 1829 work, most of the Procede pour écrire was published through the traditional system of printing for the blind using raised letters that was invented by the founder of l'Institut Royale des Jeunes Aveugles, Valentin Haüy. Digital facsimile from the National Foundation for the Blind at this link.

 



Subjects: OPHTHALMOLOGY › Blind Education
  • 9450

Praktische waarnemingen over eenige Javaansche geneesmiddelen, welke niet alleen vele uitheemsche medicamenten, die thans nog van Europa naar Java moeten worden overgezonden, kunnen vervangen, maar dezelve ook tegen eenige ziekten op het eiland Java heerschende, in werkzaamheid overtreffen.

Amsterdam: C.G. Sulpke, 1829.

An early account of Jamu (old spelling Djamu), the traditional medicine of Indonesia, especially Java. "It is a predominantly herbal medicine made from natural materials, such as parts of plants such as roots, bark, flowers, seeds, leaves and fruits.[1] Materials acquired from animals, such as honey, royal jelly, milk and ayam kampung eggs are also often used" (Wikipedia article on Jamu, accessed 06-2017). Digital facsimile from Google Books at this link.  Also published in German as Practische Beobachtungen iffier einige Javanische Arzneimittel (Leipzig, 1829).

 

 



Subjects: COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › Indonesia, PHARMACOLOGY › PHARMACEUTICALS › Traditional Herbal Compounds, TRADITIONAL, Folk or Indigenous Medicine
  • 9472

Comments on corpulency, lineaments of leanness ....

London: John Ebers, 1829.

The first illustrated book on obesity research or medical efforts to control overweight. Wadd, one of the surgeons extraordinary to George IV, drew and engraved the illustrations himself. Digital facsimile from the Internet Archive at this link.



Subjects: Obesity Research
  • 9574

Histoire général et iconographie des lepidoptérès et des chenilles de l’Amerique septentrionale.

Paris: Lib. encyclopéd. de Roret, 18291837.

Includes illustrations from drawings by John Abbot



Subjects: COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › United States (See also state listings under U.S.), ZOOLOGY › Arthropoda › Entomology, ZOOLOGY › Arthropoda › Entomology › Lepidoptera
  • 10716

Des caractères physiologiques des races humaines considérés dans leurs rapports avec l’histoire; lettre à M. Amédée Thierry . . .

Paris: Compère Jeune, 1829.

A physiologist and anthropologist, Edwards established the subject of ethnology in France and pioneered the concept of “race” as determined by the shape of the face and head. He has been called the first anthropologist to discuss race. He founded the Société Ethnologique de Paris in 1839. Digital facsimile from the Hathi Trust at this link.



Subjects: ANTHROPOLOGY, ANTHROPOLOGY › Ethnology
  • 11162

Anatomie des formes extérieures du corps humain appliquée à la peinture, à la sculpture et à la chirurgie.

Paris: Béchet jeune, 1829.

Digital facsimile from the Internet Archive at this link.



Subjects: ANATOMY › 19th Century, ANATOMY › Anatomy for Artists, ART & Medicine & Biology
  • 11760

Address to the community, on the necessity of legalizing the study of anatomy. By order of the Massachusetts Medical Society.

Boston: Perkins & Marvin, 1829.

The petition to the Massachusetts legislature to legalize "the procuring of subjects for anatomical dissections" (from George Hayward's printed notice on the verso of the title page). Nine members of the Massachusetts Medical Society signed their names in type to this petition, including John Collins Warren, who was largely responsible for the passage of the Massachusetts Anatomy Act of 1831. (No. 11759). Digital facsimile from the U.S. National Library of Medicine at this link.



Subjects: ANATOMY › 19th Century, LAW and Medicine & the Life Sciences › Legislation, Biomedical, U.S.: CONTENT OF PUBLICATIONS BY STATE › Massachusetts
  • 12479

Voyage médicale autour du monde, exécuté sur la Corvette du Roi La Coquille commandée par M. L. I. Duperrey pendant les années 1822, 1823, 1824 et 1825; ou rapport sur l' état sanitaire de l'équipage pendant la durée de la campagne, avec quelques renseignemens sur des pratiques empiriques locales en usages dans plusieurs des contrées visitées par l'expédition; suivi d'un mémoire sur les races humaines répandues dans l'Océanie, la Malaisie et l'Australie.

Paris: Roret, Libraire, 1829.

Lesson who was naturalist and physician on the voyage of La Coquille was a prolific author of works concerning natural history. This was his account of the voyage from his point of view as a physician. Digital facsimile from BnF Gallica at this link.



Subjects: ANTHROPOLOGY, VOYAGES & Travels by Physicians, Surgeons & Scientists
  • 12679

Istoria di un sonnambulismo, con alcune riflessioni sopra questo fenomeno, e sul sonno; letta nella pubblica adunanza dell’Accademia Labronica.

Livorno: Tipografia e Litografia Sardi, 1829.

This report on sleepwalking concerned Palloni’s treatment of a forty-year old peasant who for nine years would sleepwalk—often going into the fields, carrying his tools along, then returning later to the bed where he slept tranquilly until the waking hour. Palloni considered theories of somnambulism, including Mesmerism, and the impact of sleepwalking on memory and attention.



Subjects: NEUROLOGY › Sleep Physiology & Medicine
  • 12864

The anatomy, physiology, and diseases of the teeth.

London: S. Highley, 1829.

Bell distinguished himself in both zoology and dentistry, and published several zoological works. Digital facsimile from Google Books at this link.



Subjects: DENTISTRY
  • 12903

A system of dental surgery. In three parts. I. Dental surgery as a science. II. Operative dental surgery. III. Pharmacy connected with dental surgery.

New York: G. & C. & H. Carvill, 1829.

Digital facsimile from Google Books at this link.



Subjects: DENTISTRY
  • 13135

Fauna Boreali-Americana, or, the zoology of the northern parts of British America: Containing descriptions of the objects of natural history collected on the late northern land expeditions, under command of Captain Sir John Franklin, R.N. 4 vols.

London: Richard Bentley and Josiah Fisher, 18291837.

Richardson, surgeon, naturalist and Arctic explorer, was physician and naturalist on Sir John Franklin’s first two Arctic expeditions, and collected a large number of plant and animal specimens from the Canadian Arctic. On his return to England after the second expedition he wrote this four-volume work of natural history, first published between 1829 and 1837. He devoted a separate volume to  mammals, birds, fish and insects found in the Canadian Arctic. Includes 110 engraved plates of which 72 are hand-colored. The edition of this work appears to have been divided up by various different publishers. Title pages exist as above, or as published in London by John Murray, and others. See the digital facsimile of the volumes from the Hathi Trust at this link. Vol. 4, on entomology by William Kirby, was also issued with the tile Entomologia boreali americana.



Subjects: COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › Canada, VOYAGES & Travels by Physicians, Surgeons & Scientists, ZOOLOGY