PORPHYRIOS, [Porphyri; Πορφύριος]
First edition of the collected works of Aristotle with the commentaries of Averroes, by which Aristotle was mainly studied during the Middle Ages. The purpose of Vernia's edition was to provide an accurate edition of Averroes's commentaries. These were first printed in Padua, 1472-1473. As usual, various different translators were involved in this collected edition, and a few texts by authors other than Aristotle were added. The 8 parts of the set were:
"dated: I.1) for Johannes de Colonia, 1 Feb. 1483; I.2) 2 Oct. 1483; II.1.1) 27 May 1483; II.1.2) 25 Sept. 1483; II.2.1) 12 Sept. 1483; II.2.2) 8 Oct. 1483; III.1) 25 Oct. 1483; III.2) for John de Colonia, 3 Feb. 1483
Contents: [I.1] Praedicamenta, De interpretatione, Analytica priora (Tr: Boethius). Analytica posteriora (Tr: Jacobus Veneticus). Topica, Sophistici elenchi (Tr: Boethius). Add: Porphyry: Isagoge in Aristotelis Praedicamenta (Tr: Boethius). [I.2] Physica. [II.1.1] De caelo et mundo (Tr: Guilelmus de Moerbeka and Michael Scotus). [II.1.2] De generatione et corruptione. [II.2.1] De anima (Tr: Guilelmus de Moerbeka and Michael Scotus). [II.2.2] De sensu et sensato, De memoria et reminiscentia, De somno et vigilia, De lochine et brevitate vitae, Meteorologica (Tr: Guilelmus de Moerbeka). Add: Averroes: De substantia orbis (Tr: Michael Scotus). [III.1] Metaphysica (lib. I-xii, tr: Guilelmus de Moerbeka, with the 'vetus translatio'). Add: Nicoletus Vernia: Quaestio to caelum sit ex materia et forma constitutum. [III. 2] Ethica ad Nicomachum (Tr: Robertus Grosseteste). Politica (Tr: Guilelmus de Moerbeka). Oeconomica (Tr: Durandus de Alvernia)" (ISTC No. ia00962000).
Digital facsimiles from the Bayerische StaatsBibliothek at this link.
Subjects: ANCIENT MEDICINE › Greece, BIOLOGY, BIOLOGY › Marine Biology, Collected Works: Opera Omnia, PSYCHOLOGY, ZOOLOGY, Zoology, Natural History, Ancient Greek / Roman / Egyptian
Between November 1495 and June 1498 scholar printer Aldus Manutius (Teobaldo Mannucci) of Venice issued the first edition in the original Greek of Aristotle's Opera omnia. The set appeared in five thick quarto or small folio volumes, often bound in six. Assembling all of the texts was a major challenge for Aldus and his associates, requiring the help of scholars in different countries, and yet during the publication process Greek texts of both the Poetics and On Rhetoric, remained elusive, so they were excluded from the set. The editio princeps of Aristotle appeared at the close of a century that had witnessed a strong revival in Greek and humanistic studies; it was the first major Greek prose text, or collection of texts, to be reintroduced to the Western world in its original language by means of the printing press, and its success launched Aldus's efforts to produce further editiones principes of other Greek authors. In addition to the Aristotelian works, the five volumes contained works by Aristotle's successor, the botanist Theophrastus, the commentator on Aristotle, Alexander of Aphrodisias, the neo-Platonic philosopher Porphyrius, and Philo of Alexandria (Philo Judaeus) along with the spurious De historia philosophia attributed to Galen. ISTC No.: ia00959000. Digital facsimiles of the whole set are available from the Bayerische StaatsBibliothek, vol. 1 at this link.
Subjects: ANCIENT MEDICINE › Greece, BIOLOGY, BIOLOGY › Marine Biology, BOTANY, Collected Works: Opera Omnia, PSYCHOLOGY, Zoology, Natural History, Ancient Greek / Roman / Egyptian