An Interactive Annotated World Bibliography of Printed and Digital Works in the History of Medicine and the Life Sciences from Circa 2000 BCE to Circa 2020 by Fielding H. Garrison (1870-1935), Leslie T. Morton (1907-2004), and Jeremy M. Norman (1945- ) Traditionally Known as “Garrison-Morton”

15164 entries, 13034 authors and 1865 subjects. Updated: August 3, 2021

GENTILI DA FOLIGNO, Gentile (Gentilis Fulginas; Gentilis de Flugineo)

4 entries
  • 13028

De balneis. Add: Francesco da Siena: Dicta de balneo Petrioli. Bonaventura de Castello: Recepta aquae balnei de Porrecta.

Padua: Johannes de Reno, 1473.

First printed edition of da Foligno's treatise on bathing together with the first printing with a definite date of Castelli's work. ISTC No. ig00133000. Remarkably the ISTC cites two different separate undated printings of Bonaventura de Castello's work on the baths of Porretta both published about 1473. This dated edition also included a text by Francesco da Siena on the baths of Petrioli. These were among the earliest printings of texts concerning bathing, and very early printings on any medical subject. They probably served commercial purposes in advertising the baths as well as providing therapeutic advice.
Digital facsimile from Bayerische StaatsBibliothek at this link.



Subjects: THERAPEUTICS › Balneotherapy
  • 6813

De divisione librorum Galeni IN: Articella seu Opus artis medicinae.

Venice: Hermannus Liechtenstein, 1483.

Considering the central importance of Galen's writings in medicine from the time he wrote well through the sixteenth and even the seventeenth century, and the need for physicians to make sense of such a large number of his texts, it does not seem surprising that the first printed bibliography of any medical author would be De divisione librorum Galeni by the fourteenth century Italian physician Gentile da Foligno (Gentilis Fulginas) who appears to have been one of the first European physicians to perform a dissection on a human (1341). Gentile's very brief listing was first published in the collective volume, containing over ten short texts, entitled Articella su Opus artis medicinae edited by Franciscus Argilagnes of Valencia, and published in Venice by Hermannus Liechtenstein on March 29, 1483. The Articella was used as a textbook or reference work in the early medical schools. Among the other works published in that volume was the first printing (in Latin) of the Hippocratic Oath. Digital facsimile of the 1483 Articella from the Bayerische Staatsbibliothek at this link. ISTC No. ia01143000.



Subjects: ANCIENT MEDICINE › Greece, BIBLIOGRAPHY › Bibliographical Classics, BIBLIOGRAPHY › Bibliographies of Individual Authors, Education, Biomedical, & Biomedical Profession, Ethics, Biomedical, MEDIEVAL MEDICINE , MEDIEVAL MEDICINE › Italy
  • 8341

De urinis by Gilles de Corbeil, with commentary by Gentilis de Fulgineo. Edited by Venantius Mutius.

Padua: I[m]pressus [per] m[a]g[ist]r[u]m Matheu[m] Cerdonis [de] Uuindischgrecz, 1483.

Gilles de Corbeil's medical poem De urinis was based on writings by Theophilus Protospatharius by way of the Articella. Poems such as this were intended as mnemonic aids for students, and they tended to be widely used. 

"Gentile's commentary de urinarum iudiciis makes a first attempt to comprehend the physiology of urine formation; aided by his dissection of cadavers, Gentile asserted that urine associated with the blood passes per poros euritides ("through the porous tubules") of the kidney and is then delivered to the bladder. Commenting on De pulsibus, he connected the relationship between fast pulse rate and urine output and correlated the color of urine with the condition of the heart. For the originality of his thought Mario Timio suggested[8] that Gentile could be indicated as the 'first' cardionephrologist in the history of medicine." (Wikipedia article on Gentile da Foligno, accessed 1-2017). ISTC No. ia00093000. Digital facsimile from the Countway Library at Harvard at this link.

See also Carmina de urinarum iudiciis edited ab excellentissimo magistro Egidio cum expositione et commento magistri Gentils de Fulgineo noviter castigatis, Et pluribus in locis emendatis, per magistrum Auenantium, de Camerino artium & medicinae professorem (Basel, 1529) Digital facsimile of the 1529 edition from Google Books at this link.



Subjects: MEDIEVAL MEDICINE , MEDIEVAL MEDICINE › Italy, NEPHROLOGY › Renal Physiology, UROLOGY
  • 8344

[Vol. 1:] Primus Avi. Canon. Avicenna, medicorum principis, Canonum liber (translatus a Gerardo Cremonensi), una cum lucidissima Gentilis Fulgi. expositione, qui merito is Speculator appellatus, additis annotationibus omnium auctoritatum and priscorum and recentiorum auctorum (edente Barthomomeo Tantuccio) .... - [Vol. 2:] Secundus Canon Avic., Cum exquisitissima Gentilis Fulg. expositione. Demum Plinii auctoritates, secundum annotata capita in de Simplicibus nuperrime addite. - [Vol.3:] Tertius Can. Avic., Cum amplissima Gentilis Fulgi. expositione. Demum commentaria nuper addita, videlicet Jacobi de Partibus super "Fen" VI and XIIII. Item Jo. Matthei de Gradi super "Fen" XXII, quia Gentilis in eis defecit. - [Vol. 4:]: Secunda pars Gentilis super tertio Avic. Cum supplementis Jacobi de Partibus, Parisiensis, ac Joannis Matthei de Gradi, Mediolanensis, ubi Gentilis vel breviter vel tacite pertransivit. - [Vol.5:] Quartus Canon Avicenna, cum preclara Gentilis Fulginatis exhibits. Thadei item Florentini expositio super secunda "Fen" ejusdem. Gentilis Florentini iterum super duos primos tractatus quinte "Fen". Quintus etiam Canon, cum ejusdem Gentilis Fulginatis lucidissima exhibits. Canticorum liber, cum commento Averroys, translatus ex arabico a magistro Armegando Blasii, Libellus de Viribus cordis translatus ab Arnaldo de Villanova). Omnia accuratissime revisa atque castigata ....

Venice: apud heredes O. Scoti, 15201522.

The commentary by Gentile da Foligno upon Avicenna's Canon was among the most influential medical texts of the Later Middle Ages. See Roger K. French, Canonical medicine: Gentile da Foligno and scholasticism (Leiden: Brill, 2001).



Subjects: MEDIEVAL MEDICINE , MEDIEVAL MEDICINE › Italy, MEDIEVAL MEDICINE › Medieval Islamic or Arab Medicine, MEDIEVAL MEDICINE › Medieval Persian Islamic Medicine