An Interactive Annotated World Bibliography of Printed and Digital Works in the History of Medicine and the Life Sciences from Circa 2000 BCE to Circa 2020 by Fielding H. Garrison (1870-1935), Leslie T. Morton (1907-2004), and Jeremy M. Norman (1945- ) Traditionally Known as “Garrison-Morton”

15011 entries, 12906 authors and 1846 subjects. Updated: June 10, 2021

KIRCHER, Athanasius

3 entries
  • 2528.1
  • 5118

Scrutinium physico-medicum contagiosae luis, quae pestis dicitur.

Rome: typ. Mascardi, 1658.

Kircher, a Jesuit scholar and polymath, not specifically trained in medicine, was probably the first to employ the microscope in investigating the cause of disease. He mentioned that the blood of plague patients was filled with a “countless brood of worms not perceptible to the naked eye, but to be seen in all putrefying matter through the microscope” (Garrison). He could not have seen the plague bacillus with his low-power microscope, but he probably saw the larger micro-organisms. He was the first to state explicitly the theory of contagion by animalculae as the cause of infectious diseases.



Subjects: INFECTIOUS DISEASE, INFECTIOUS DISEASE › VECTOR-BORNE DISEASES › Flea-Borne Diseases › Plague (transmitted by fleas from rats to humans), MICROBIOLOGY
  • 580

Physiologia Kircheriana experimentalis.

Amsterdam: J. Waesberg, 1680.

Includes the first recorded experiment in hypnotism in animals.



Subjects: PHYSIOLOGY, PSYCHOTHERAPY › Hypnosis
  • 12991

Musaeum Kircherianum sive musaeum a P. Athanasio Kirchero in Collegio Romano Societatis Jesu iam pridem incoeptum nuper restitutum, auctum descriptum, & iconibus illustratum....a Philippo Bonanni.

Rome: Georgio Placho, 1709.

Extensively illustrated catalogue by Bonanni of the Musaeum Kircherianum, formed in the mid-17th century by the Jesuit polymath, Athanasius Kircher, and housed in the Jesuit Collegio Romano. Reflective of Kircher's polymathic interests, the museum included objects of every kind from many disciplines: antiquities, archaeology, ethnography, natural history, etc., and also included a number of mathematical, scientific, and physical instruments. Components of Kircher's museum were later dispersed to various other museums in Rome, leaving this book as the only record of its contents. Digital facsimile from the Biodiversity Heritage Library at this link.



Subjects: MUSEUMS › Natural History Museums / Wunderkammern